ページの画像
PDF
ePub
[ocr errors]

swered he, « to forget thy dagger at home. We are here | Icáther, and studded with brass or iron, was a necesto fight, and not to settle punctilios of arms.» In a sary part of a Highlander's equipment. In charging similar duel, however, a younger brother of the house regular troops, they received the thrust of the bayonet of Aubanye, in Angoulesme, behaved more generously in this buckler, twisted it aside, and used the broadon the like occasion, and at once threw away his dag-sword against the encumbered soldier. In the civil ger, when his enemy challenged-it as an undue advan-war of 1745, most of the front-rank of the clans were tage. But at this time hardly any thing can be con- thus armed; and Captain Grose informs us, that, in ceived more horridly brutal and savage, than the mode 1747, the privates of the 42d regiment, then in Flanin which private quarrels were conducted in France. ders, were for the most part permitted to carry targets. Those who were most jealous of the point of honour, Military Antiquities, vol. I, p. 164.

A person thus and acquired the title of Ruffinés, did not scruple to armed had a considerable advantage in private fray. take every advantage of strength, numbers, surprise, Among verses between Swift and Sheridan, lately puband arms, to accomplish their revenge. The Sieur de lished by Dr Barrelt, there is an account of such an enBrantome, to whose discourse on duels I am obliged counter, in which the circumstances, and consequently for these particulars, gives the following account of the the relative superiority of the combatants, are precisely death and principles of his friend, the Baron de Vitaux : the reverse of those in the text: « J'ay oui conter à un tireur d'armes, qui apprit à

A Highlander once fought a Frenchman at Marcate,
Millaud à en tirer, lequel s'appelloit Seigneur le Jacques The weapons, a rapier, a back-sword, and target;
Ferron, de la ville d'Ast, qui avoit esté à moy, il fut de Brisk Monsieur advanced as fast as he could,
puis tué à Sainct-Basille en Gascogne, lors que Monsieur

But all his fine pushes were caught in the wood,

And Sawny, with back-sword, did slash him and nick bim, du Mayne l'assiégea, lui servant d'ingénieur; et de mal

While t' other, enraged that he could not once prick him, heur, je l'avois adressé audit Baron quelques trois mois Cried, Sirrah, you rascal, you son of a whore, auparavant, pour l'exercer à tirer, bien qu'il en sçeust We will fight you, be gar! if you 'll come from your door." prou ; mais il n'en fit conte : et le laissant, Millaud

Note Stanza xv. · s'en servit, eţ le rendit fort adroit. Ce Seigneur Jacques

For, traind abroad his arms to wield, donc me raconta, qu'il s'estoit monté sur un noyer,

Fitz-James's blade was sword and shield. assez loing, pour en voir le combat, et qu'il ne vist ja

The use of defensive armour, and particularly of the mais homme y aller plus bravement, ny plus résolument, 'buckler or target, was general in Queen Elizabeth's time, ny de grace plus assurée ny déterminée. Il commença although that of the single rapier seems to have been de marcher de cinquante pas vers son ennemy, relevant occasionally practised much earlier." Rowland Yorke, souvent ses moustaches en haut d'une main ; et estant à however, who betrayed the fort of Zutphen to the Spavingt pas de son ennemy, (non plustost) il mit la main niards, for which good service lie was afterwards poià l'espée qu'il tenoit en la main, non qu'il l'eust tiré en

soned by them, is said to have been the first who brought core; mais en marchant, il fit voller le fourreau en l'air, the rapier-fight into general use. Fuller, speaking of en le secouant, ce qui est le beau de cela, et qui mon

the Swash-bucklers, or bullies of Queen Elizabeth's stroit bien une grace de combat bien assieurée et froide, time, says, « West Smithfield was formerly called Rufet nullement téméraire, comme il y en a qui tirent leurs lians' Hall

, where such men usually met, casually or espées de cinq cents pas de l'ennemy, voire de mille, otherwise, to try masteries with sword and buckler. comme j'en ay veu aucuns. Ainsi mourut ce brave More were frightened than hure, more hurt than killed Baron, le paragon de France, qu'on nommoit tel, à bien therewith, it being accounted unmanly to strike bevenger ses quereles, par grandes et déterminées résolu- neath the knee. But since that desperate traitor Rowtions. Il n'estoit pas seulement estimé en France, mais land Yorke first introduced thrusting with rapiers, en Italie, Espaigne, Allemaigne, en Boulogne et Angle-sword and buckler are disused.» In The Two Angry terre ; et desiroient fort les estrangers, venant en France, Women of Abingdon, a comedy, printed in 1599, we le voir ; cár je l'ay veu, tant sa renommé volloit. Il lave a pathetic complaint:--- Sword and buckler fight estoit fort petit de corps, mais fort grand de courage. begins to grow out of use.

I am sorry for it; I shall Ses ennemies disoient qu'il ne tuoit pas bien ses gens,

never see good manhood again.

If it be once gone, qué par advantages et supercheries. Certes, je tiens this poking fight of rapier and dagger will come up; des grands capitaines, et mesmes d'Italiens, qui sont estez

then a tall man, and a good sword and buckler mau, d'autres fois les premiers vengeurs du monde, in ogni will be spitted like a cat or rabbit. »

But the rapier modo, disoient-ils, qui ont tenu cErtefnaxime, qu'une liad upon the Continent long superseded, in private supercherie ne se devoit payer que par semblable mon

duel, the use of sword and shield. The masters of the goye, et n'y alloit point là de déshonneur. »--OEuvres poble scienee of defence were chiefly Italians. They de Brantome. Paris, 1787-8. Tome VIII, p. 90-92. I made great mystery of their art and mode of instrucmay be necessary to inform the reader, that this para cion, never suffered any person to be present but the gon of France was the most foul assassin of his time, scholar who was to be taught, and even examined cloand had committed many desperate murders, chiefly by the assistance of his hired banditti; from which is sets, beds, and other places of possible concealment. may be cosceived how little the point of honour of the Their lessons often gave the most treacherous advanperiod deserved its name. I have chosen to give the tages; for the challenger, having the right to chuse his heroes, who are indeed of an earlier period, a stronger and inconvenient kind of arms, the use of which lie

weapons, frequently selected some strange, unusual tincture of the spirit of chivalry.

practised under these instructors, and thus killed at Notc 6. Stanza' xy.

his ease his antagonist, to whom it was presented for Ill fared it then with Roderick Dhu, That on the field his targe he threw.

the first time on the field of batole. See BRANTOME's A round target of light wood, covered with strong Sce Douce's Illustrations of Shakspeare, vol. II, p. 61.

[ocr errors]

Discourse on Duels, and the work on the same subject, I its having been the scene of a courtly amusement al-
« si gentement écrit,» by the venerable Dr Paris de luded to by Sir David Lindsay, who says of the past-
Putco. The Highlanders continued to use broadsword times in which the young king was engaged,
and target until disarmed after the affair of 1745-6.

Some barl'd him to the Hurly-hacket ;
Note 8. Stanza xvi.

which consisted in sliding, in some sort of chair it may
Like mountain-cat who guards her young,
Full at Fitz-James's throat he sprung.

be supposed, from top to bottom of a smooth bank.

The boys of Edinburgh, about twenty years ago, used I have not ventured to render this duel so savagely desperate as that of the celebrated Sir Ewan of Lochiei

, to play at the burly-liacket or the Calton-hill, using

for their seat a horse's skull. chief of the clan Cameron, called, from his sable complexion, Ewan Dhu. He was the last man in Scotland

Note 10. Stanza xx. who maintained the royal cause during the great civil

The burghers hold their sports to-day. war, and his constant incursions rendered him a very

Every burgh of Scotland, of the Icast note, but more unpleasant neighbour to the republican garrison at Inverlochy, now Fort William. The governor of the especially the considerable towns, had their solemn fort detached a party of three hundred men to lay waste play, or festival, when feats of archery were exhibited, Lochiel's possessions, and cut down his trees; but, in a

and prizes distributed to those who excelled in wrestling,

burling she bar, and the other gymnastic exercises of sudden and desperate attack, made upon them by the

the period. Stirling, a usual place of royal residence, chieftain, with very inferior numbers, they were al

was not likely to be deficient in pomp upon such occamost all cut to pieces. The skirmish is detailed in a

sions, especially since James V. was very partial to them. curious memoir of Sir Ewan's life, printed in the Ap-llis ready participation in these popular amusements pendix of Pennant's Scottish Tour.

was one cause of his acquiring the title of King of the « In this engagement, Lochiel himself had several Commons, or Rex Plebeiorum, as Lesley has latinized wonderful escapes. In the retreat of the English, one

The usual prize to the best shooter was a silver arof the strongest and bravest of the officers retired be

Such a one is preserved at Selkirk and at Peebles. hind a bush, when he observed Lorhiel pursuing, and

At Dumfries, a silver gun was substituted, and the conseeing him unaccompanied with any, he leaped out tention transferred to firearms. The ceremony, as and thought him his prey. They met one another with were performed, is the subject of an excellent Scottish equal fury. The combat was long and doubtful : the poem, by Mr John Mayne, entitled the Siller Gun, 1808, English gentleman liad by far the advantage in strength which surpasses the efforts of Fergusson, and comes and size; but Lochiel exceeding him in nimbleness and

near those of Burns, agility, in the end tripe the sword out of his hand: they

Of James's attachment to archery, Pilscottie, the closed, and wrestled, till both fell to the ground, in faithful, though rude recorder of the manners of that each other's arms. The English officer got above Lo

period, has given us evidence: chiel, and pressed him hard, but stretching forth bis

«In this year there came an ambassador out of neck, by attempting to disengage himself, Lochiel, England, named Lord William floward, with a bishop who by this time liad his hands at liberty, with his with him, with many other gentlemen, to the number left hand seized him by the collar, and jumping at his of threescore horse, which were all the able men and extended throat, he bit it with his teeth quite through, waled (picked) men for all kind of games and pastimes, and kept such a hold of his grasp, that he brought shooting, louping, running, wrestling, and casting of away his mouthful: this, he said, was the sweetest bit the stone, but they were well 'sayed (essayed or tried) he ever had in his lifetime.»- Vol. I, p. 375.

ere they past out of Scotland, and that by their own Note 9. Stanza xx.

provocation; but ever they tint; vill at last, the Queen

of Seotland, the king's mother, favoured the EnglislaA Douglas by his sovereign bled,

men, because she was the King of England's sister: and And thou, O sad and fatal mound!

therefore she took an enterprise of archery upon the That oft bast heard the death-axe sound.

English-men's hands, contrary her son the king, and Stirling was often polluted with noble blood. It is

any six in Scotland that he would tale, either gentlethus apostrophized by J. Johnston:

men or yeomen,, that the English-men should shoot

against them, til at pricks, revers, or buts, as the Hou quoties procerum sanguine tinxit humum!

Scots pleased.
Hoc nuo infelix, et felis catera, nusquam

« The king hearing this of his mother, was content, Lætior aut cæli frons gepiusve soli.

and gart her pawn a hundred crowns, and a tun of The fate of William, eighth Earl of Douglas, whom wine, upon the English-men's hands; and he incontiJames II. stabbed in Stirling Castle with his own hand, nent laid down as much for the Scottisla-men. The and while under his royal safe-conduct, is familiar to lield and ground was chosen in St Andrews, and three all who read Scottish history. Murdack Duke of Al- landed men and three yeomen chosen to shoot against bany, Duncan Earl of Lennox, his father-in-law, and the English-men, to wit, David Wemyss of that ilk, his two sons, Walter and Alexander Stuart, were execut- David Arnot of that ilk, and Mr Jolin Wedderburn, ed at Stirling, in 1425. They were beheaded upon an vicar of Dundee; the yeomen, John Thomson, in Leith, eminence without the castle walls, but making part of Steven Taburner, with a piper, called Alexander Bailie; the same hill, from whence they could behold their they slot very near, and warred (worsted) the Englishstrong castle of Doune, and their extensive possessions. men of the enterprise, and wan the hundred crowns This « heading hill,» as it was sometimes termed, bears and the lun of wine, which made the king very merry commonly the less terrible name of Ilurly-hacket, from that his men wan the victory. »-P. 147.

-Ye towers! within whose circuit dread

--Discordia tristis

Note 11. Stanza xxii.

proud, and that they had too high a conceit of them- Robin llogu.

selves, joined with a contempt and despising of all The exhibition of this renowned outlaw and his band others. Wherefore, being wearied of that life, and was a favourite frolic at such festivals as we are de- remembering the king's favour of old towards him, he scribing. This sporting, in which kings did not disdain determined to try the king's mercifulness and clemency. to be actors, was prohibited in Scotland upon the Re- So he comes into Scotland, and, taking occasion of the formation, by a statute of the 6th Parliament of Queen | king's hunting in the park at Stirling, he casts himself Mary, c. 61. A. D. 1555, which ordered, under beavy to be in his way, as he was coming home to the castle. penalties, that « na manner of person be chosen Robert So soon as the king saw liim afar off, cre he came Hude, nor Little John, Abbot of Unreason, Queen of near, he guessed it was he, and said to one of his May, nor otherwise.» But 1561, «the rascal multi-courtiers, yonder is my Gray-Steill, Archibald of Kilstude,» says John Knox, « were stirred up to make a pindie, if he be alive. The other answered, that it Robin Hude, whilk enormity was of mony years left could not be he, and that he durst not come into the and damned by statute and act of Parliament; yet king's presence. The king approaching, he fell upon would they not be forbidden.» Accordingly they raised his knees and craved parion, and promised from a very serious tumult, and at length made prisoners thenceforward to abstain from meddling in public afthe magistrates who endeavoured to suppress it, and fairs, and to lead a quiet and private life. The king would not release them till they extorted a formal went by, without giving him any answer, and trotted a promise that no one should be punished for his share good round pace up the hill. Kilspindie followed, and, of the disturbance. It would seem, from the com- though he wore on him a secret, or shirt of mail, for plaints of the General Assembly of the Kirk, that these his particular enemies, was as soon at the castle-gate as profane festivities were continued down to 1592.1 Bold the king. There he sat him dow upon a stone withRobin was, to say the least, equally successful in main out, and entreated some of the king's servants for a taining his ground against the reformed clergy of Eng cup of drink, being weary and thirsty; but they, fear

When land: for the simple and evangelical Latimer coming the king's displeasure, durst give him none. plains of coming to a country church, where the people the king was set at his dinner, he asked what he had refused to hear him, because it was Robin Hood's day; done, what he had said, and whither he had gone? and his mitre and rochet were fain to give way to the It was told him that he had desired a cup of village pastime. Much curious information on this drink, and had gotten none. The king reproved them subject may be found in the Preliminary Dissertation very sharply for their discourtesy, and told them, that to the late Mr Ritson's edition of the songs respecting if he had not taken an oath that no Douglas should this memorable outlaw. The game of Robin Hood ever serve him, he would have received him into his was usually acted in May; and he was associated with service, for he had seen bim some time a man of great the morrice-dancers, on whom so much illustration ability. Then he sent him word to go to Leith, and has been bestowed by the commentators on Shakspeare. expect his further pleasure.' Then some kinsman of A very lively picture of these festivities, containing a

David Falconer, the canonier that was slain at Tantallon, great deal of curious information on the subject of the began to quarrel with Archibald about the matter, private life and amusements of our ancestors, was

wherewith the king shewed himself not well pleased thrown by the late ingenious Mr Strutt, into his ro

when he heard of it. Then he commanded him to go mance entitled Queen-Hoo-Hall published, after his to France for a certain space, till he heard further death, in 1808.

from him. And so he did, and died shortly after. This

gave occasion to the king of England (flenry VIII.), to Note 12. Stanza xxii.

blame his nephew, alleging the old saying, That a king's Indifferent as to archer wight,

face should give grace.

For this Archibald (whatThe monarch gave the arrow bright. The Douglas of the poem is an imaginary person, a

soever were Angus's or Sir George's fault) had not been supposed uncle of the Earl of Angus. But the king's stirrer up, but only a follower of his friends, and that

principal actor of any thing, nor no counsellor nor bebaviour during an unexpected interview with the Laird of Kilspindie, one of the banished Douglasses, noways cruelly disposed » Home of Godscroft, II, 107. under circumstances similar to those in the text, is

Note 13. Stanza xxiij. imitated from a real story told by Hume of Godscroft.

Prize of the wrestliag match, the king I would have availed myself more fully of the simple

To Douglas gave a golden ring. and affecting circumstances of the old history, had they not been already woven into a pathetic ballad by but the animal would have embarrassed my story.

The usual prize of a wrestling was a ram and a ring, mny friend Mr Finlay."

Thus in the Cokes Tale of Gamelyn, ascribed to Chaucer: « His (the king's) implacability (towards the family of Douglas) did also appear in his carriage towards

There happed 10 be there beside Archibald of Kilspindie, whom he, when he was child,

Tryed a wrestling;

And therefore there was y-setten loved singularly well for his ability of body, and was

A ram and als a ring.. wont to call him his Gray-Steill. 3 Archibald being banished into England, could not well coinport with

Again the Litil Geste of Robin Hood: the humour of that nation, which he thought to be too

By a bridge was a wrestling,

And there taryed was he, i Book of the Universal Kirk, p. 414.

And there was all the best yemen 2 Soe Scottish Historical and Romantic Ballads, Glasgow, 1808.

Of all the west country.

A full fayre game dhere was set up, * A champion of popular romance. See Ellis's Romances, vol. II.

A white buil up y-pight,

vol. II, p. 117.

A great courser with saddle and brydle,

- wyll give them accordynge to my conscyence. With gold burnished full bryght; A payre of gloves, a red golde ring,

Wyll ye all be content to fulfil my testament; howe A pipe of wyne, good fay;

say ye?--Sir, quod they, we be ryghte well contente to What man bereth him best I wis,

fulfyl your commaundement. Thane first, quod he, I The prise shall bear away.

wyll and give to the chapell of Saynt. George, here in Rition's Robin Hood, rol. I..

this castell, for the reparacions thereof, a thousande and

five hundrede frankes: and I give to my lover, who hath CANTO V.

truly served me, two thousand and five hundrede frankes: and also I give to Aleyne Roux, your new ca

p tayne, four thousande frankes : also to the varlettes of Note i. Stanza iii.

mychambre l gyve fyve hundrede frankes. To mine offyThese drew not for their fields the sword,

cers I give a thousande and five hundrede frankes. The Like lenants of a feudal lord,

rest 1 gyve and bequeth as I shall show you. Ye be upon Nor own'd be patriarchal claim

a thyrtie companyons all of one sorte : ye ought to be Of chieftain in their leader's name;

brethrene, and all of one alyaunce, without debate, ryotte, Adventurers they.-The Scottish armies consisted chiefly of the nobility ye shall fynde in yonder chieste. I wylle that ye departe

or stryffe among you. All this that I have showed you and barons, with their vassals, who held lands under all the residue squally and truelly bitwene you thyrtie. them, for military service by themselves and their te-And if ye be nat thus contente, but that the devylle napis.' The patriarchal influence exercised by the wyll set debate bitwene you, than beholde yonder is a heads of clans in the Highlands and Borders was of a strong axe, breke up the coffer, and gette it who candifferent nature, and sometimes at variance with feudal

- To these words every one ansuered and said, Sir, and principles. It Aowed from the Patria Potestus exer- dere maister, we are and shall be all of one accorde. cised by the chieftain, as representing the original fa- Sir, we have so much loved and doated you, that we ther of the whole name, and was often obeyed in con- will breke no coffer, nor breke no poynt of that ye tradiction to the feudal superior. James V. seems have ordayned and commanded.»-Lord Berners' first to have introduced, in addition to the militia fur

Froissart. nished from these sources, the service of a small num

Note 2. Stanza yi. ber of mercenaries, who formed a body-guard, called

Thou now hast glee-maiden and harp! the Foot-Band. The satirical poel, Sir David Lindsay

Get thee an ape, and trudge the land, (or the person who wrote the prologue to his play of

The leader of a juggler band. the « Three Estaites»), has introduced Finlay of the The jongleurs, or jugglers, as we learn from the elaFoot-Band, who, after much swaggering upon the borate work of the late Mr Strutt, on the sports and stage, is at length put to flight by the fool, who terrifes pastimes of the people of England, used to call in the him by means of a sheep's skull upon a pole. I have aid of various assistants, to render these performances rather chosen to give them the harsh features of the as captivating as possible. The ylee-maiden was a nemercenary soldiers of the period, than of this Scottish cessary attendant. Her duty was tumbling and dancThraso. These partook of the character of the Adven-ing; and therefore the Anglo-Saxon version of Saint turous Companions of Froissart, or the Condottieri of Mark's Gospel states Herodias to have vaulted or tumItaly.

bled before king Herod. In Scotland, these poor creaOne of the best and liveliest traits of sucki manners tures seem, even at a late period, to have been bondsis the last will of a leader, called Geoffroy Tete Noir, women to their masters, as appears from a case rewho having been slightly wounded in a skirmish, his ported by Fountainhall.

« Reid the mountebank purintemperance brought on a mortal disease. When he sues Scot of Harden and his lady, for stealing away from found himself dying, he summoned to his bed-side ahe him a little girl, called the tumbling-lassie, that danced adventurers whom he commanded, and thus addressed upon his slage; and he claimed damages, and prothem:

duced a contract, whereby he bought her from her moFayre sirs, quod Geffray, I knowe well ye have al-ther for 3ol. Scots. But we have no slaves in Scotland, wayes served and honoured me as men ought to serve and mothers cannot sell their bairnes; and physicians their soveraygne and capitayne, and I shal be the glad attested, the employment of tumbling would kill her ; der if ye will agre to have to your capitayne one that is and her joints were now grown stiff, and she declined descended of my blode. Behold here Aleyne Roux, my to return; though she was at least a 'prentice, and so cosyn, and Peter his brother, who are men of armes could not run away from her master: yet some cited and of my blode. I require you to make Aleyne your Moses's law, that if a servant shelter himself with thee, capitayne, and to swere to him faythe, obeysa'unce, against his master's cruelty, thou shalt surely not delove, and loyalte, here in my presence, and also to his liver him up. The lords, renitente cancellario, assoilbrother: howe be it, I will that Aleyne have the sove- zied Harden, on the 27th of January (1687).»— Founrayne charge.—Sir, quod they, we are well content, for TAINBALL'S Decisions, vol. I, p. 439.' ye hauve right well chosen. There all the companyons

Though less to my purpose. I cannot belp noticing a circummade theym servyant to Aleyne Roux and to l'eter his

stance, respecting another of this Mr Reid's attendants, which ocbrother. When all that was done, then Geffraye spake curred during James II.'s zeal for catholic proselytism, and is told agayne, and sayd: Nowe, sirs, ye have obeyed to my by Fountainhall with dry Scoutish irony. January 15th, 1687. pleasure, I canne you grcat thanke; wherefore, sirs, 1 Reid the mountebank is received into the popish church, and one

of his blackamores was persuaded to accept of baptism from the wyll ye have par:e of that ye lave holpen to conquere. popish priests, and to turn christian papist ; which was a great

say unto you, that in yonder chest that ye se stande imply be was called James, after the king and chancellor, and yonder, therein is to ihe sum of xxx thousande frankes, the apostlo James.o--ibid. p. 140.

[ocr errors]

Strike it!

His party

The facetious qualities of the ape soon rendered him « In this roughly-wooded island,' the country people, an acceptable addition to the strolling band of the secreted their wives and children, and their most jongleur. Ben Jonson, in his splenetic introduction to valuable effects, from the rapacity of Cromwell's solthe comedy of « Bartholomew Fair,» is at pains to in-diers, during their inroad into this country, in the time form the audience « that he has ne'er a sword and of the republic. These invaders, not 'venturing to asbuckler man in his Fair, nor a juggler, with a well-cend by the ladders, along the side of the lake, took educated ape, to come over the chaine for the King of a more circuitous road, through the heart of the TroEngland, and back again for the prince, and sit still on sachs, the most frequented path at that time, which his haunches for the pope and the King of Spaine.' penetrates the wilderness about half-way between

Bincan and the lake, by a tract called Yea-chilleach, or Note 3. Stanza xiv.

the Old Wife's Bog. That stirring air that peals on high,

« In one of the defiles of this by-road, the men of O'er Dermid's race our victory.

the country at that time hung upon the rear of the There are several instances, at least in tradition, of invading enemy, and shot one of Cromwell's men,

whose
grave

marks the scene of action, and gives name persons so much attached to particular tunes, as to require to hear them on their death-bed. Such an

to that pass. 2 In revenge of this insult the soldiers anecdote is mentioned by the late Mr Riddel of Glen- resolved to plunder the island, 19 violate the women, riddel, in his collection of Border tunes, respecting an

and put the children to death. With this brutal inair called the « Dandling of the Bairns,» for which a

tention, one of the party, more expert than the rest, certain Gallovidian laird is said to have evinced this swam towards the island, to fetch the boat to his strong mark of partiality. It is popularly told of a comrades, which had carried the women to their asyfamous freebooter, that he composed the tune known lum, and lay moored in one of the creeks. His comby the name of Macpherson's Rant while under sen-panions stood on the shore of the main-land, in full tence of death, and played it at the gallows-tree. Some view of all that was to pass, waiting auxiously for his spirited words have been adapted to it by Burns. A return with the boat. But just as the swimmer had similar story is recounted of a Welch bard, who com- got to the nearest point of the island, and was laying posed and played on his death-bed the air called Dafyddy hold of a black rock, to get on shore, a heroine, who Garregg Wen.

stood on the very point where he meant to land, hastiBut the most curious example is given by Brantome, ly spatching a danger from below her apron, with one of a maid of honour at the court of France, entitled,stroke severed his head from the body. Mademoiselle de Limueil. « Durant sa maladie, dont seeing this disaster, and relinquishing all future hope elle trespassa, jamais elle ne cessa, ains causa tousjours; of revenge or conquest, made the best of their way out car elle estoit forte grande parleuse, brocardeuse, et of their perilous situation This amazon's great-grandtrès-bien et fort à propos, et très-belle avec cela. Quand son lives at Bridge of Turk, who, besides others, attests l'heure de sa fin fut venue, elle fit venir à soy son valet, the anecdote. »-Sketch of the Scenery near Callender. (ainsi que les filles de la cour en ont chacune un), qui Stirling, 1806, p. 20. I have only to add to this account s'appelait Julien, et scavoit très bien jouer du violon, that the heroine's name was Helen Stuart. Julien, luy dit elle, prenez vostre violon, et sonnez

Note 5. Stanza xxvi. moy tousjours jusques à ce que me voyez morte (car je

And Snowdoun's knight is Scotland's king. my en vais) la défaite des Suisses, et le mieux que

This discovery will probably remind the reader of vous pourrez, et quand vous serez sur le mot, "Tout est the beautiful Arabian tale of N Bondocani. Yet the perdu, sonnez le par quatre ou cing fois, le plus piteu: incident is not borrowed from that elegant story, but sement que vous pourrez,' ce qui fit l'autre, et elle-mesme from Scottish tradition. James V., of whom we are tuy aidoit de la voix, et quand ce vint "tout est perdu, treating, was a monarch whose good and benevolens elle le réitera par deux fois; et se tournant de l'autre intentions often rendered his romantic freaks venial, if costé du chevet, elle dit à ses compagnes: "Tout est

not respectable, since, from his anxious attention to the perdu à ce coup, et à bon escient; et ainsi décéda. interests of the lower and most oppressed class of his Voila une morte joyeuse et plaisante, Je tiens ce conte subjects, he was, as we have seen, popularly termed the de deux de ses compagnes, dignes de fois, qui virent King of the Commons. For the purpose of seeing that jouer ce mystere.»-OEuvres de Brantome, HII.-507. The 'tune to which this fair lady chose to make her the less justifiable motive of gallantry, he used to tra

justice was regularly administered, and frequently from final exit was composed on the defeat of the Swiss at

verse the vicinage of his several palaces in various disMarignano. The burden is, quoted by Panurge, in

guises. The two excellent comic songs, entitled « The Rabelais, and consists of these words, imitating the

Gaberlunzie Man,» and « We'll gae nae mair a roving,» jargon of the Swiss, which is a mixture of French and

are said to have been founded upon the success of his German :

amorous adventures when travelling in the disguise of

a beggar. The latter is perhaps the best comic ballad Tout est velore bi Got!

in any language.

Another adventure, which had nearly cost James his Note 4. Stanza xv.

life, is said to have taken place at the village of Cra

mond, near Edinburgh, where he had rendered his skirmish actually took place at a pass thus called addresses acceptable to a pretty girl of the lower rank. in the Trosachs, and closed with the remarkable incident mentioned in the text. It was greatly posterior tioned in the test.

That at the eastern extromity of Loch Katrine, so often menin date to the reign of James V.

Tout est velore,
La Tintelore,

Baute of Beal' an Duine.

1 Beallach an duine.

« 前へ次へ »