« 前へ次へ »
Some saw an arm, and some a hand,
And some the waving of a gown.
That he had scen, right certainly,
Like pilgrim from beyond the sea;
No lordly look, nor martial stride;
Forgotten their renown;
And there they knelt them down:
And he a solemo sacred plight
of Michael's restless sprite.
In long procession came;
With the Redeemer's name:
And bless'd them as they kneeld:
in hall, And fortunate in field. The mass was sung, and prayers were said, And solemo requiem for the dead; And bells tolld out their mighty peal For the departed spirit's weal; And ever in the office close The hymn of intercession rose ; And far the echoing aisles prolong The awful burthen of the song,
DIES IRE, DIES ILLA,
SOLYET SECLUM IN FAVILLA; While the pealing organ rung;
Were it meet with sacred strain
To close my lay, so light and vain, Thus the holy fathers sung.
HYMN FOR TIK DEAD.
That day of wrath, that dreadful day, When heaven and earth shall pass away, What power shall be the sinner's stay? How shall he meet that dreadful day?
XXVIIT. Nought of the bridal will I tell, Which after in short space befel; Nor how brave sons, and daughters fair, Bless'd Teviot's Flower and Cranstoun's heir ; After such dreadful scene, 't were vain To wake the note of mirth again. More meet it were to mark the day
Of penitence and prayer divine, When pilgrimn chiefs, in sad array.
Sought Melrose' holy shrine.
When, shrivelling like a parched scroll,
Oh! on that day, that wrathful day,
Did every pilgrim go;
Through all the lengthen'd row:
Husa'd is the harp—the Minstrel gone. And did he wander forth alone? Alone, in indigence and age, To linger out his pilgrimage?
"The Isle of Man, --See Note.
No :-close beneath proud Newark's tower subject to such egregious inconvenience. When the
bargain was completed, he drily remarked, that the A simple hut; but there was seen
cattle in Cumberland were as good as those of TeviotThe little garden hedged with green,
dale; and proceeded to commence a system of reprisals The cheerful hearth, and lattice clean.
upon the English, which was regularly pursued by his There shelter'd wanderers, by the blaze,
successors. In the next reign, James II. granted to Sir Oft heard the tale of other days;
Walter Scott of Branksome, and to Sir David, his son, For much he loved to ope his door,
the remaining half of the barony of Branksome, to be And give the aid he begg'd before.
held in blanch for the payment of a red rose. The So pass'd the winter's day; but still,
cause assigned for the grant is, their brave and faithful When summer smiled on sweet Bowhill,
exertions in favour of the king against the house of And July's cve, with halmy breathi,
Douglas, with whom James had been recently tugging Waved the blue-bells ou Newark heath;
for the throne of Scotland. This charter is dated the When' thirostles sung in Hare-head shaw, 2d.February, 1443; and, in the same month, part of And corn was green on Carterbaugh,
the barony of Langholm, and many lands in LanarkAnd flourishd, broad, Blackandro's, oak,
shire, were conferred uponi Sir Walter and his son by The aged harper's soul awoke!
the same monarch, Then would he sing achievements high,
After the period of the exchange with Sir Thomas And circumstance of chivalry,
Inglis, Brankşome became the principal seat of the Till the rapt traveller would stay,
Buccleuch family. The castle was enlarged and Forgetful of the closing day;
strengthened by Sir David Scott, the grandson of Sir And noble youths, the strain to hear,
William, its first possessor. But, in 1570-1, the venForsook the hunting of the deer;
geance of Elizabeth, provoked by the inroads of BucAnd Yarrow, as he roll'd along,
cleuch, and his attachment to the cause of Queen Bore burden to the Minstrel's
Mary, destroyed the castle, and laid waste the lands of
and enlarged by Sir Walter Scott, its brave possessor; NOTES.
but the work was not completed until after his death, in 1574, when the witlow finished the building. This
appears from the following inscription. Around a CANTO 1.
stone, bearing the arms of Scott of Buccleuch, ap
pears the following legend: «Sir W. Scost of BranxNote 1. Stanza i.
HEIM KNYT YOE OF SIR WILLIAM Scott oF KIRKURD The feast was over in Branksome tower.
KNYT BEGAN YE WORK UPON YE 24 OF MARCH 1571 ZIER In the reign of James I. Sir William Scott of Buc- QUIA DEPARTIT AT God's PLEISOUR YE 17 April 1574.» cleuch, chief of the clan bearing that name, exchanged, Douglas, with this inscription, « Dame Margaret Doug
On a similar compartment are sculptured the arms of with Sir Thomas Inglis of Manor, the estate of Mur
LAS HIS SPOUS COMPLEITIT THE FORSAID WORK IN OCTOBER
Branksome Castle continued to be the principal seat Kirkurd, for the apprehending of Gilbert Ridderford, of the Buccleuch family, while security was any object confirmed by Robert III, 3d May, 1424. Tradition im in their choice of a mansion. It has since been the putes the exchange betwixt Scott and Inglis to a con- residence of the commissioners, or chamberlains, of versation, in which the latter, a man, it would appear, the family. From the various alterations which the of a mild and forbearing nature, complained much of building has undergone, it is not only greatly restricted the injuries which he was exposed to from the English in its dimensions, but retains little of the castellated Borderers, who frequently plundered his lands of Brank- form, if we except one square tower of massy thicksome. Sir William Scott instantly offered him the ness, the only part of the original building which now estate of Murdiestone, in exchange for that which was remains. The whole forms a handsome modern resi
dence, lately inhabited by my deceased friend, Adam 'Bransholm is tho proper name of the barony; but Branksome Ogilvy, Esq. of Hartwoodmyres, Commissioner of his has been adopted, as suitable to the pronunciation, and more proper Grace the Duke of Buccleuch. for poetry * There are no vestiges of any building at Buccleuch, except the
The extent of the ancient edifice can still be traced site of a chapel
, where, according to a tradition current in the time by some vestiges of its foundation, and its strength is of Scott of Satchells, many of the ancient barons of Buccleuch lie obvious from the situation, on a steep bank surrounded buried. There is also said to have been a mill near this solitary by the Teviot, and flanked by a deep ravine, formed by spot; an extraordinary circumstance, as little or no corn grows within several miles of Buccleuch. Satchells says it was used to
a precipitous brook. It was anciendly surrounded by grind corn for the hounds of the chieftaio.
wood, as appears from the survey of Roxburghshire,
TE. ROD. TIT.
BAASIKOLM Ksicht. MARGARET Doug
made for Pont's Atlas, and preserved in the Advocate's restless military disposition of its inhabitants, who were Library. This wood was cut about fifty years ago, but seldom on good terms with their neighbours. The folis now replaced by the thriving plantations which have lowing letter from the Earl of Northumberland to been formed by the late noble proprietor, around the Henry VIII. in 1533, gives an account of a successful ancient mansion of his forcfathers.
inroad of the English, in which the country was plun
dered up to the gates of the castle, although the invaders Note 2. Stanza jij.
failed in their principal object, which was, to kill, or Nine-and-twenty knights of fame Hung their shields in Branksome-hall.
make prisoner, the laird of Buccleuch. It occurs in The ancient barons of Buccleuch, both from foudal the Cotton MS. Calig, B. yılı. f. 222. splendour, and from their frontier situation, retained
« Pleaseth yt your most gracious brighnes to be aduerin their houschold, at Branksome, a number of gentle-tised, that my comptroller, withi Raynald Carnaby, men of their own name, who held lands from their desyred licence of me to invade the realme of Scotland, chief, for the military service of watching and warding they thought best exploit by theyme might be done,
for the annoysaunce of your lighueş enemys, where his castle. Satchells tells us, in his doggrel poetry,
and to haue to concur withe theyme the inhabitants of No larou was better served into Britain ;
Northumberland, suche as was toward me according to The barons of Buckleuph they kept their call,
theyre assembly, and as by theyre discrecions vpone the Four and twenty gentlemen in their hall,
same they shulde thiuke most convenient; and soo they All being of his name and kin; Enchi two had a servant to wait upon him;
dyde mete vpone Monday, before nyght, being the iii Before supper and dinner, most renowned, day of this instant monethe, at Wawhope, uppon
Tyng water, above Tyndaill, where they were to the
number of xv c men, and soo invadet Scotland, at the Think not Ilie, nor do me blame,
hour of viii of the clok at nyght, at a place called For the pensioners I can all name:
Whele Causay; and before xi of the clok dyd send forth There's men alive, elder than I,
a forrey of Tyndaill and Ryddisdaill, and laide all the They know if I speak truth, or lie: Every pensioner a room' did gain,
resydewe in a bushment, and actyvely dyd set vpon a For service done and to be done ;
towne called Branxholm, where the lord of Buclough This I 'll let the reader understand,
dwellythe, and purpesed theymeselves with a trayne for The name both of the men and land,
hym lyke to his accustomed manner, in rysying to all Which they possessed, it is of truth,
frayes; albeit, that knight he was not at home, and soo Both from the lairds and lords of Buckleugh.
they brynt the said Branxholm, and other townes, as to Accordingly, dismounting from his Pegasus, Satchells say Whichestre, Whichestre-helme, and Whelley, and gives us, in prose, the names of twenty-four gentlemen,
haid ordered theymese!f soo, that sundry of the said younger brothers of ancient families, who were pen
Lord Buclougli's servants, who dyd issue fourthe of his sioners to the house of Buccleuch, and describes the gates, was takyn prisoners. They dyd not leve one lands which each possessed for his Border service. In house, one stak of corne, nor one shyef, without the time of war with England, the garrison was doubtless gate of the said Lord Buclough vnbrynt; and thus scrymangmented. Satchells adds, « These twenty-three pen
aged and frayed, supposing the Lord of Buclongh to be sioners, all of his own name of Scott, and Walter within iii or iiii myles 10 heve trayned him to the bushGladstanes of Whitelaw, a near cousin of my lord's, as
ment; and soo in the breyking of the day dyd the aforesaid, were ready on all occasions, when his honour forrey and the bushıment mete, and reculed homeward, pleased cause to advertise them. It is known to many making theyr way westward from theyre invasion to be of the country better than it is to me, that the rent of over Lyddersdaill
, as intending yf the fray frome theyre these lands, which the lairds and lords of Buccleuch did furst entry by the Scotts' waiches, or otherwyse by freely bestow upon their friends, will amount to above warnyng, shulde hade bene gyven to Gedworth and the twelve or fourteen thousand merks a-year.»— History of whiche Gedworth is from the Wheles Causay vi myles,
countrey of Scotland theyreabouts of theyre invasion; the Name of Scott, p. 45. An immense sum in those that thereby the Scots shulde have cumen further vnto times. Note 3. Stanza v."
theyme, and more out of ordre; and soo upon sundry And with Jedwood-a se at saddle-bow.
good consideracons, before they entered Lyddersdaill, « Of a truth,» says Froissart, «the Scottish cannot
as well accompting the inhabitants of the same to be boast great skill with the bow, but rather bear
towards your highnes, and to enforce theyme the more with which, in time of need, they give heavy strokes. » thereby, as alsoo to put an occasion of suspect to the The Jedwood-axe was a sort of partisan, used by horse- kinge of Scotts and his counsaill, to be taken anenst men, as appears from the arms of Jedburgli
, which theyme, amonges theymselves, made proclamacions, bear a cavalier mounted, and armed with this weapon. for the said inhabitants of Lyddersdaill, without any
commanding, vpon payne of dethe, assurance to be It is also called a Jedwood or Jeddart staff.
prejudice or hurt to be done by any Inglysman ynto Note 4. Stanza vi.
theyme, and soo in good ordre abowte the howre of ten They watch against southern force and guile,
of the clok before noon, ippone Tewisday, dyd pass Lest Scroope, or Howard, or Perey's powers,
through the said Lyddersdaill, when dyd come diverse Threaten Branksome's lordly towers, From Warkworth, or Naworth, or merry Carlisle.
of the said inhabitants there to my servauntes, under
the said assurance, offerring theymselfs with any serBranksome Castle was continually exposed to the attacks of the English, botla from its situation and the
vice they couthe make; and thus, thanks be to Goddle,
your higlmes' subjects, abowie the howre of xii of the ' Room, portion of land.
clok at none the saine daye, came into this youre
highnes realme, bringing wt theyme above xl Scottsmen king's writing, and to bring the matter to pass as the
tarry here on this know, and my brother servaunte Wharton, and thus, as I am most bounden, George with you, with any other company you please; shall dispose we them that be under me f•** and I shall pass, and put yon thieves off the ground, annoysaunce of your highnes enemys.» In resentment and rid the gate unto your grace, or else die for it.' of this foray, Ruccleuch, with other Border chiefs, The king tarried still, as was devised, and George assembled an army of 3000- riders, with which they Douglas with him, and sundry other lords, such as the penetrated into Northumberland, and laid waste the Earl of Lennox, and the Lord Erskine, and some of the country as far as the banks of Bramish. They baffled, king's own servants; but all the, lave (rest) past with or defeated, the English forces opposed to them, and the Earl of Angus to the field against the Laird of returned loaded with prey.--Pinkerton's History, vol. Buccleuch, who joyned and countered cruelly both the II, P. 318.
said parties in the field of Darnelinver, ' either against
other, with uncertain victory. But at the last, the Lord Note 5, Stanza vii.
Hume, hearing word of that matter how it stood, Rards long shall tell,
returned again to the king in all possible haste, withi How Lord Walter fell.
him the lairds of Cessfoord and Fairnyhirst, to the Sir Walter Scott of Buccleuch succeeded to his number of fourscore spears, and set freshly on the lap grandfather, Sir David, in 1492. He was a brave and and wing of the Laird of Buccleuclis field, and shortly powerful baroa, and warden of the West Marches of bare them backward to the ground; which caused the Scotland. His death was the consequence of a feud laird of Buccleuch, and the rest of his friends, to go betwixt the Scotts and Kerrs, the history of which is back and flee, whom they followed and chased; and necessary, to explain repeated allusions in the romance. especially the Jairds of Cessfoord and Fairnyhirst fol
In the year 1526, in the words of Pitscottie, « the lowed furiouslie, till at the foot of a path the Laird of Earl of Angus, and the rest of the Douglasses, ruled all | Cessfoord was slain by the stroke of a spear by an which they liked, and no man durst say the contrary; Elliott, who was then servant to the Laird of Buccleuch. wherefore the king (James V., then a minor) was hea- But when the Laird of Cessfoord was slain, the chase vily displeased, and would fain have been out of their ceased. The Earl of Angus returned again with
great hands, if he might by any way: And, to that effect, merriness and victory, and thanked God that he saved wrote a quict and secret letter with his own hand, and him from that chance, and passed with the king to sent it to the Laird of Buccleuch, beseeching him that Melross, where they remained all that night. On the he would come with his kin and friends, and all the morn they passed to Edinburgh with the king, who was force that he might be, and meet him at Melross, at his very sad and dolorous of the slaughter of the Laird of home-passing, and there to take him out of the Doug- Gessfoord, and many other gentlemen 'and yeomen lasses hands, and to put him to liberty, to use himself slain by the laird of Buceleuch, containing the number among the lave (rest) of his lords, as he thinks expe- of fourscore and fifteen, which died in defence of the dient.
king, and at the command of his writing.». « This letter was quietly directed, and sent by one of I am not the first who has attempted to celebrate in the king's own secret servants, which was received very verse the renown of this ancient baron, and his hathankfully by the Laird of Buccleuch, who was very glad thercof, to be put to'such charges and familiarity Darnwick, near Melrose. The place of conflict is still called with his prince, and did great diligence to perform the skinuer's Field, from a corruption of Skirmish Field.
VALTERIUS SCOTUS BALCLUCRIUS.
zardous attempt to procure his sovereign's freedom. In and, as might be expected, they were often, as in the a Scottish Latin poet we find the following verses: present case, void of the effect desired. When Sir Wal
ter Mauny, the renowned follower of Edward N., had
taken the town of Ryoll, in Gascony, he remembered Egregio suscepto facinore, libertate Rogis, ac aliis rebus gestis
to have leard that his father lay there buried, and claras, sub Jacono V. A'. Christi, 1526. Intentat aliis, nullique andita priorum
offered a hundred crowns to any who could show him Audet, nec pavidum morsve, metusve, quatit,
grave. A very old man appeared before Sir Walter, Libertatem aliis soliti transcribere Regis :
and informed him of the manner of his father's death, Subreptam hanc Regi restituisse paras ;
and the place of his sepulture. It seems the Lord of Si vincis, quanta 0 succedunt præmia dextræ ; Sin victes, falsas spes jace, pone animam,
Mauny had, at a great tournament, unhorsed and Ilostica yis pocnit: stant alta robora mentis
wounded to the death a Gascon knight, of the house of Atquc decus. Vincel, Rego probante, tides.
Mirepoix, whose kinsman was bishop of Cambray. For INSITA queis animis virtus, quosque acrior ardor this deed he was held at feud by the relations of the • Obsidet, obscuris nos premat an tenebris ?
knight, until he agreed to undertake a pilgrimage to Heroes ex omni Historia Scotica lectissimi, Auctore Jorax. JONsTONIO, Abredonense Scoto, 1603.
the shrine of St James of Compostella, for the benefit
of the soul of the deceased. But as he returned through In consequence of the battle of Melrose, there ensued the town of Ryoll, after accomplishment of his yow, he a deadly feud betwixt the names of Scott and hverr, was beset, and treacherously slain, by the kindred of which, in spite of all means used to bring about an the knight whom he had killed. Sir Walter, guided agreement, raged for many years upon the Borders. by the old man, visited the lowly tomb of his father, Buccleuch was imprisoned, and his estatés forfeited, and, having read the inscription, which was in Latin, in the year 1535, for levying, war against the Kerrs, he caused the body to be raised, and transported to his and restored by act of parliament, dated 15th March, native city of Valenciennes, where masses were, in the 1542, during the regency of Mary of Lorraine. But days of Froissart, duly said for the soul of the unfortuthe most signal act of violence, to which this quarrel nate pilgrim.-- Cronycle of Froissart, vol. I, p. 123. gave rise, was the murder of Sir Walter himself, who was slain by the Kerrs in the streets of Edinburgh, in
Stanza viji. 1552. This is the event alluded to in Stanza VII.; and
While Cessford owns the rule of Car. the poem is supposed to open shortly after it had The family of Ker, Kerr, or Car,' was very powerful taken place.
on the Border. Fynes Morrison remarks, in his TraThe feud between these two families was not recon-vels, that their intluence extended from the village of ciled in 1596, when both chieftains paraded the streets Preston-Grange, in Lothian, to the limits of England. of Edinburgh with their followers, and it was expected Cessford Castle, the ancient baronial residence of the their first meeting would decide their quarrel. But, on family, is situated near the village of Morebattle, within July 14th of the same year, Colvil, in a letter to Mr two or three miles of the Cheviot Hills. It has been Bacon, informs him, «that there was great trouble on a place of great strength and consequence, but is now the Bordars, which would continue till order should be ruinous. Tradition affirms, that it was founded by taken by the Queen of England and the King, by reason Halbert, or Habby Kerr, a gigantic warrior, concerning of the two young Scots chieftains, Cessford and Bac- whom many stories are current in Roxburghshire. The clugh, and of the present necessity and scarcity of corn Duke of Roxbarghe represents Ker of Cessford: a disamongst the Scots Borderers and riders. That there tinct and powerful branch of the same name own the had been a private quarrel betwixt these two lairds, on Marquis of Lothian as their clief. Hence the distinction the Borders, which was like to have turned to blood; betwixt Kers of Cessford and Fairnibirst. but the fear of the general trouble had reconciled them, and the injuries wlich they thought to have
Note 8. Stanza x. committed against each other were now transferred
Before Lord Cranstoun she should wed. upon England: not unlike that emulation in France The Cranstouns, Lord Cranstoun, are an ancient Borbetween the Baron de Biron and Mons. Jeverie, who, der family, whose chief seat was at Crailing, in Teviotbeing both ambitious of honour, undertook more dale. They were at this time at feud with the clan of hazardous enterprises against the enemy, than they Scott; for it appears that the lady of Buccleuch, in 1557, would have done if they had been at concord together.» beset the Jaird of Cranstoun, seeking his life. Never-Bircu's Memorials, vol. II, p. 67,
theless, the same Cranstoun, or perhaps his son, was
married to a daughter of the same lady.
Note 9. Stanza xi.
Of Bethune's line of Picardie. Among other expedients resorted to for staunching The Bethunes were of French origin, and derived the feud betwixt the Scouts and the Kerrs, there was a their name from a small town in Artois. There were bond executed, in 1529, between the heads of each clan, several distinguished familics of the Bethunes in the binding themselves to perform reciprocally the four neighbouring province of Picardy; they numbered principal pilgrimages of Scotland, for the benefit of the among their descendants the celebrated Duc de Sully; souls of those of the opposite name who had fallen in and the name was accounted among the most noble in the quarrel. This indepture is printed in the Minstrelsy of the Scottish Border, vol. I. But either it never took effect, or else the feud was renewed shortly afterwards.it
. Car is selected, not as the most correct, but as the most poctical
" The name is spelled differently by the various families who bear Such pactions were not uncommon in feudal times; reading.