« 前へ次へ »
A frenzy fired the throng;
Can bid the weak be strong.
Then, in his stirrups rising high,
« Saint James for Argentine !»
An axe has razed his crest;
He rode with spear in rest,
And through his gallant breast.
And swung his broadsword round! -Stirrup, steel boot, and cuish gave way, Beneath that blow's tremendous sway,
The blood gush'd from the wound; And the grim lord of Colonsay
Hath turn'd him on the ground, And laugh'd in death-pang, that his blade The mortal thrust so well repaid.
Or made but doubtful stay ;-
The boldest broke array. 0! give their hapless prince his due! (24) Jn vain the royal Edward threw
His person 'mid the spears,
And cursed their caitiff fears;
But quitted there the train :« In yonder field a gage I left,I must not live of fame bereft;
I needs must turn again.
I know his banner well.
Once more, my liege, farewell.»—
Fell faintly on his ear!
The wounded knight drew near.
The effort was in vain!
He stumbled on the plain.
« Lord carl, the day is thine!
Yet this may Argentine,
XXXII. Again he faced the battle-field, Wildly they fly, are slain, or yield. « Now then,» he said, and couch'd his spear, « My course is run, the goal is near; One effort more, one bravc career,
Must close this race of mine.»
It stiffen'd and grew cold-
The arm in battle bold, The courteous mien, the noble race, The stainless faith, the mauly face! Bid Ninian's convent light their shrine, For late-wake of De Argentine. O'er better knight on death-bier laid, Torch never gleam'd nor mass was said !»
Who chose no patron for his humble lay,
And graced thy numbers with no friendly name, Rent crest and shatter'd coronet,
Whose partial zeal might smooth thy path to fame. Of baron, earl, and banneret;
There was -and 0! how many sorrows crowd And the best names that Eogland knew,
Into these two brief words !- there was a claim Claim'd in the death-prayer dismal due.
By generous friendship given-had fate allow'd, Yet mourn not, Land of Fame!
It well had bid thee rank the proudest of the proud ! Though ne'er the leopards on thy shield Retreated from so sad a field,
All angel now-yet little less than all, Since Norman William came,
While still a pilgrim in our world below! Oft may thine aunals justly boast
What 'vails it us that patience to recal, Of battles stern by Scotland lost;
Which hid its own, to soothe all other woe; Grudge not her victory,
What 'vails to tell, how virtue's purest glow When for her free-born rights she strove;
Shone yet more lovely in a form so fair ;Rights dear to all who freedom love,
And, least of all, what 'vails the world should know, To none so dear as thee!
That one poor garland, twined to deck thy hair,
Is hung upon thy hearse, to droop and wither there! XXXVI. Turn we to Bruce, whose curious ear Must from Fitz-Louis tidings hear; With him an hundred voices tell
NOTES. Of prodigy and miracle,
« For the mute page had spoke.»-« Page !» said Fitz-Louis, « rather say An angel sent from realms of day,
Note 1. Stanza i.
Thy rugged balls, Artornish! rung.
The ruins of the castle of Artornish are situated To his bright eyes new
upon a promontory, on the Morven, or main-land side A step as light upon
of the Sound of Mull, a name given to the deep arm of As if his pinions waved unseen.»
the sea which divides that island from the continent. « Spoke he with none ?»-« With none-one word | The situation is wild and romantic in the highest deBurst when he saw the Island Lord,
gree, having on the one hand a high and precipitous Returning from the battle-field.»—
chain of rocks overhanging the sea, and on the other « What answer made the chief ?n--" He kneelil, the narrow entrance to the beautiful salt-water lake, Durst not look up, but mutter'd low,
called Loch-Alline, which is in many places finely Some mingled sounds that none might know,
fringed with copse-wood. The ruins of Artornish are And greeted him 'twixt joy and fear,
not now very considerable, and consist chiefly of the As being of superior sphere.»
remains of an old keep, or tower, with fragments of
outward defences. But, in former days, it was a place XXXVI.
great consequence, being one of the principal strongE'en upon Bannock's bloody plain,
holds which the Lords of the Isles, during the period of Heap'd then with thousands of the slain,
their stormy independence, possessed upon the mainMid victor monarch's musings high,
land of Argyleshire. Here they assembled what popuMirth laugh'd in good King Robert's eye.
lar tradition calls their parijaments, meaning, I suppose, « And bore he such angelic air,
their cour plenière, or assembly of feudal and patriSuch noble front, such waving hair?
archal vassals and dependents. From this castle of Hath Ronald kneeld to him ?» he said,
Artornish, upon the 19th day of October, 1461, John « Then must we call the church to aid
de Yle, designing himself Earl of Ross and Lord of the Our will be to the abbot known,
Isles, granted, in the style of an independent sovereign, Ere these strange news are wider blown,
a commission to liis trusty and well-beloved cousins, To Cambus-Kenneth straight he pass,
Ronald of the Isles, and Duncan, Archdean of the Isles, And deck the church for solemn mass,
for empowering them to enter into a treaty with the To pay, for high deliverance given,
most excellent Prince Edward, by the grace of God, A nation's thanks to gracious Heaven.
King of France and England, and Lord of Ireland. EdLet him array, besides, such state,
ward IV., on his part, named Laurence Bishop of DurAs should on princes' nuptials wait.
ham, the Earl of Worcester, the Prior of St John's, Ourself the cause, through fortune's spite, Lord Wenlock, and Mr Robert Stillington, keeper of the That once broke short that spousal rite,
privy seal, his deputies and commissioners, to confer Ourself will grace, with early morn,
with those named by the Lord of the Isles. The conThe bridal of the Maid of Lorn.»
ference terminated in a treaty, by which the Lord of
the Isles agreed to become a vassal to the crown of Scotlande be conquered and subdued as above, then he England, and to assist Edward IV. and James Earl of shall have, enjoie, and inherite all his own possessions, Donglas, then in banishment, in subduing the realm of landes, and inheritance, on this syde the seid ScolScotland.
tishe see; that is to saye, betwixt the seid Scottishe sce The first article provides, that John de Isle, Earl of and England, such he hath enjoied and be possess. Ross, with his son Donald Balloch, and his grandson cd of before this; there to holde them of the scid John de Isle, with all their subjects, men, people, and most high and christien prince, his heires, and succesinhabitants, become vassals and liegemen to Edward sours, as is aboveseid, for evermore in right of the IV. of England, and assist him in his wars in Scotland croune of Englande, as weel the seid Erle of Douglas, or Ireland ; and then follow the allowances to be made as his heires and successours, by homage and feaute to to the Lord of the Isles, in recompense of his military be done therefore.»—Ryn br's Fædera, Conventiones, service, and the provisions for dividing such conquests Literæ el cujuscunque generis Acta Publica, Fol. vol. as their united arms should make upon the main-land V. 1741. of Scotland among the confederates. These appear
such Such was the treaty of Artornish; but it does not apcurious illustrations of the period, that they are here pear that the allies ever made any very active effort to subjoined :
realize their ambitious designs. It will serve to show « Item, The said John Erle of Rosse, shall, from the both the power of these reguli, and their independence seid fest of Whittesontyde next comyng, yerely, durying of the crown of Scotland. his lyf, have and take, for fees and wages in tym of It is only farther necessary to say of the castle of peas, of the seid most high and christien prince c, marc Arlornish, that it is almost opposite to the bay of Aros, sterlynges of Englysh money; and in tyme of werre, in the Island of Mul, where there was another castle, as long as he shall entend with his myght and power in the occasional residence of the Lord of the Isles. the seid werres, in maner and fourme aboveseid, he
Note 2. Stanza ii. shall have wages of cc. lib. sterlyng of Englysh money
Rude Heiskar's seal through surges dark yerely; and after the rate of the tyme that he shall be
Will long pursue the minstrel's bark. occupyed in the seid werres.
The seal displays a taste for music, which could « Item, The seid Donald shall, from the seid feste of scarcely be expected from his habits and local prediWhittesontyde, have and take, during his lyf, yerely, lections. They will long follow a boat in which any in time of peas, for his fees and wages, xx. I. sterlynges musical instrument is played, and even a lune simply of Englysh money; and, when he shall be occupied and whistled has attractions for them. The Dean of the intend to the werre, with his myght and power, and in Isles says of Heiskar, a small uninhabited rock, about maner and fourme aboveseid, he shall have and take, twelve (Scottish) miles from the Isle of Uist, that an infor his wages yerely, xl. I. sterlynge of Englysh money; finite slaughter of seals takes place there. or for the rate of the tyme of werre.-
Note 3. Stanza vii. « Ilem, The seid John, sonn and heire apparent of
-dark Mull! thy mighty Sound. the said Donald, shall liave and take, yerely, from the
The Sound of Mull, which divides that island from seid feste, for his fees and wages, in the tyme of peas, the continent of Scotand, is one of the most striking x. I. sterlynges of Englysh money; and for tyme of
scenes wliich the Hebrides afford to the traveller. Sailwerre, and his intendyng thereto, in maner and fourme ing from Oban to Aros, or Tobermory, through a waraboveseid, he shall have, for his fees and wages, yerely row channel, yet deep enough to bear vessels of the xx. I. sterlynges of English money; or after the rate of largest burthen, he has on his left the bold and mounthe tyme that he shall be occupied in the werre: and tainous shores of Mull; on the right those of that disthe seid John, the Erle Donald and John, and eche of trict of Argyleshire, called Morven, or Morvero, succesthem, shall have good and sufficiaunt paiment of the sively indepted by deep salt-water loc runniog up seid fees and wages, as wel for tyme of peas as of werre, many miles inland. To the south-eastward arises a proaccordyng to these articules and appoyntements. Item, | digious range of mountains, among which Cruachan It is appointed, accorded, concluded, and finally deter- Ben is pre-eminent. And to the north-east is the no mined, that, if it so be that hereafter the seid reaume less huge and picturesque range of the Ardoamurchian of Scotlande, or the more part thereof, be conquered, Lills. Many ruinous castles, situated generally upon subdued, and brought to the obeissance of the seid most cliffs overhanging the ocean, add interest to the scene. high and christien prince, and his heires, or succes Those of Dunolly and Dunstaffnage are first passed, soures, of the said Lionnell, in fourme aboveseid de- then that of Duart, formerly belonging to the chief of scendyng, be the assistance, helpe, aud ajde of the seid the warlike and powerful sepi of Macleans, and the John Erle of Rosse, and Donald, and of James Erle of scene of Miss Baillie's beautiful tragedy, entitled the Douglas, then, the said fees and wages for the time of. Family Legend. Still passing on to the northward, peas cessyng, the same erles and Donald shall have, Artornish and Aros become visible upon the opposite by the graunte of the same most christien prince, all shores, and, lastly, Mingarry, and other ruins of less the possessions of the seid reaume beyonde Scottish distinguished note. In fine weather, a grander and see, they to be departed equally betwix them; eche of more impressive scene, both from its natural beauties, them, his heires and successours, to holde his parte of and associations with ancient history and tradition, can the seid most christien prince, his heires, and succes- hardly be imagined. When the weather is roughi, the sours, for evermore, in right of his croune of England, passage is both difficult and dangerous, froin tie narby homage and feaute to be done therefore.
rowness of the channel, and in part from the number « Item, If so be that, by the aide and assistance of of inland lakes, out of which sally forıh a number of the seid James Erle of Douglas, the said reaume of conflicting and thwarting tjdes, making the navigation
perilous to open boats. The sudden flaws and gusts of began his enterprise in 1644, by taking the castles of wind which issue without a moment's warning from Kinloch-Alline and Mingarry, the last of which made the mountain glens are equally formidable. So that considerable resistance, as might, from the strength of in unsettled weather, a stranger, if not much accus the situation, be expected. In the mean while, Alister tomed to the sea, may sometimes add to the other sub- Mac-Donnel's ships, which had brought him over, were Jime sensations excited by the scene, that feeling of attacked in Loch Eisord, in Skye, by an armament sent dignity which arises from a sense of danger.
round by the covenanting parliament, and his own
vessel was taken. This circumstance is said chiefly to Note 4. Stanza viji.
have induced him to continue in Scotland, where there
seemed little prospect of raising an army in behalf of To the green Ilay's fertile shore. The number of the western isles of Scotland exceeds Montrose, a junction which he effected in the braes of
the king. He had no sooner moved eastward to join two hundred, of which St Kilda is the most northerly, Athole, than the Marquis of Argyle besieged the castle anciently called Hirth or Hirt, probably from « earth," of Mingarry, but without success. Among other warbeing in fact the whole globe to its inhabitants . Ilay, riors and chiefs whom Argyle summoned to his
camp which now belongs almost entirely to Walter Campbell,
upon Esq. of Shaw field, is by far the most fertile of the le. Captain of Clanronald. Clanronald appeared; but, far
this occasion, was John of Mojdart, the brides, and has been greatly improved under the spirited from yielding effectual assistance to Argyle, he took and sagacious management of the present proprietor. the opportunity of being in arms to lay waste the disThis was in ancient times the principal abode of the crict of Sunard, then belonging to the adherents of ArLords of the Isles, being, if not the largest, the most dyle, and sent part of the spoil to relieve the castle of important island of their archipelago. In Martin's time, Mlingarry. Thus the castle was maintained until resome relics of their grandeur were yet extant. Finlagan, about three miles in circumference, affords been detached for the purpose by Montrose. These par
lieved by Alister Mac-Donnel (Colkitto), who had salmon, trouts, and eels: this lake lies in the centre of ticulars are hardly worth mentioning, were they not the isle. The isle Finlagan, from which this lake hath
connected with the memorable successes of Montrose, its name, is in it. It is famous for being once the court related by an eye-witness, and hitherto unknown to in which the great Mack-Donald, King of the Isles, bad
Scottish historians. his residence; his houses, chappel, etc. are now ruinous.
Note 6. Stanza viii. His gardes du corps, called Luicht-fach, kept guard on
The Heir of mighty Somorled. the lakeside nearest to the isle; the walls of their houses are still to be seen there. The high court of judieature,
Somerled was Thane of Argyle and Lord of the Isles, consisting of fourteen, sat always here; and there was about the middle of the twelfth century. He seems to an appeal to them from all the courts in the isles; the have exercised his authority in both capacities indeeleventh share of the sum in debate was due to the pendent of the crown of Scotland, against which he principal judge. There was a big stone of seven foot often stood in hostility. He made various incursions square, in which there was a deep impression made to upon the western Lowlands during the reigu of Malcolm receive the feet of Mack-Donald; for he was crowned IV., and seems to have made
peace with him
upon King of the Isles standing in this stone, and swore that terms of an independent prince, about the year 1157. lic would continue his vassals in the possession of their In 1164, he resumed the war against Malcolm, and inJands, and do exace justice to all his subjects: and then vaded Scotland with a large, but probably a tumultuary his father's sword was put inta his hands. The Bishop army, collected in the isles, in the main-land of Argyleof Argyle and seven priests anointed him king, in pre- shire, and in the neighbouring provinces of Ireland. sence of all the heads of the tribes in the isles and con
He was defeated and slain in an engagement with a tinent, and were his vassals; at which time the orator very inferior force, near Renfrew. His son Gillicolane rehearsed a catalogue of his ancestors, etc. --Martin's fell in the same battle. This mighty chieftain married
From him our ge-
nealogists deduce two dynasties, distinguished in the
stormy history of the middle ages; the Lords of the
Isles descended from his elder son Ronald, and the
Lords of Lorn, who took their surname of M'Dougal, as
descended of his second son Dougal. That Somerled's the district of Ardnamurchan. The ruins, which are
territories upon the main-land, and upon the islands,
sbould have been thus divided between his two sons, tolerably entire, are surrounded by a very high wall, instead of passing to the elder exclusively, may illusforming a kind of polygon, for the purpose of adapting itself to the projecting angles of a precipice overhang- land families, which we shall presently notice.
trate the uncertainty of descent among the great Highing the sea, on which the castle stands. It was anciently the residence of the Mac-lans, a clan of Mac-Do
Stanza viii. nalds descended from lan, or John, a grandson of Anfus , Lord of the Isles. The last time that Mingarry The representative of this independent principality, was of military importance, occurs in the celebrated for such it seems to have been, though acknowledging Leabhar-dearg, or Red-book of Clanronald, a MS. re- occasionally the pre-eminence of the Scottish crown, nowned in the Ossianic controversy. Alister Mac was, at the period of the poem, Angus, called Angus Donnel, commonly called Colkitto, who commanded Og; but the name has been, euphoniæ gratia, exchanged the Irish auxiliaries, sent over by the Earl of Antrim for that of Ronald, which frequently occurs in the geduring the great civil war to the assistance of Montrose, nealogy. Angus was a protector of Robert Bruce, whom
O'erawes the woodland and the waste.
he received in his castle of Dunnaverty, during the time his father's life-time, and was old in the government at of his greatest distress. As I shall be equally liable to
luis father's death. censure for attempting to decide a controversy which « He assembled the gentry of the Isles, brought the has long existed between three distinguished chieftains sceptre from Kildonan in Eig, and delivered it to his of this family, who have long disputed the representa- brother Donald, who was thereupon called M‘Donald, tion of the Lord of the Isles, or for leaving a question and Donald Lord of the Isles,' contrary to the opinion of such importance altogether untouched, I chuse, in of the men of the Isles. the first place, to give such information as I have been « Ronald, son of John, son of Angus Og, was a great able to derive from Highland genealogists, and which, supporter of the church and clergy; his descendants for those who have patience to investigate such sub are called Clanronald. Ile gave the lands of Tiruma, jects, really contains some curious information con- in Uist, to the minister of it for ever, for the honour of cerning the history of the Isles. In the second place, 1 God and Columkill; he was proprietor of all the lands shall offer a few remarks upon the rules of succession of the north along the coast and the isles; he died in at that period, without pretending to decide their bear the year of Christ, 1386, in his own mansion of Castle ing upon the question at issue, which must depend Tirim, leaving five children. Donald of the Isles, son upon evidence which I have had no opportunity to ex- of Job , son of Angus Og, the brother of Ronald, took amine.
possession of Innisgall by the consent of his brother and « Angus Og,» says an ancient manuscript translated the gentry thereof; they were all obedient to him; he from the Gaelic,
« son of Angus Mor, son of Donald, married Mary Lesly, daughter to the Earl of Ross, and son of Ronald, son of Somerled, high chief and superior by her came the earldom of Ross to the M.Donalds. Lord of Innisgall (or the Isles of the Gael, the general After his succession to that earldom, he was called name given to the Hebrides), he married a daughter of M'Donald, Lord of the Isles, and Earl of Ross. There Cunbui, namely, Cathan; she was mother to John, son
are many things written of him in other places. of Angus, and with her came an unusual portion from « He fought the battle of Garioch (i. e. Harlaw), Ireland, viz. (wenty-four clans, of whom twenty-four against Duke Murdoch, the governor: the Earl of Mar families in Scotland are descended, Angus had another commanded the army, in support of his claim to the son, namely, young John Fraoch, whose descendants earldom of Ross; which was ceded to him by King are called Clan-Ean of Glencoe, and the M'Donalds of James the First, after his release from the King of EngFraoch. This Angus Og died in Isla, where his body land, and Duke Murdoch, his two sons and retainers, was interred; his son John succeeded to the inheritance were beheaded : he gave lands in Mull and Isla to the of Innisgall. He had good descendants, namely, three minister of Hi, and every privilege which the minister sons procreate of Ann, daughter of Rodric, high chief of lona formerly, besides vessels of gold and silver of Lorn, and one daughter, Mary, married to John 1o Columkill, for the monastery, and became himself Maclean, Laird of Duart, and Lauchlan, his brother, one of the fraternity. He left issue, a lawful heir to Laird of Coll; she was interred in the church of the Innisgall and Ross, namely, Alexander, the son of DoBlack Nuns. The eldest sons of John were Ronald, nald: he died in Isla, and his body was interred in the Godfrey, and Angus. --- He gave Ronald a great inhe south side of the temple of Oran. Alexander, called ritance. These were the lands which he gave him, viz. Jobn of the Isles, son of Alexander of the Isles, son of from Kilcumin in Abertarf to the river Seil, and from Donald of the Isles. Angus, the third son of John, son thence to Beilli, north of Eig and Rum, and the two of Angus Og, inarried the daughter of John, the son of Uists, and from thence to the foot of the river Glaichan, Allan, which connexion caused some disagreement beand threescore long ships. John married afterwards twixt the two families about their marches and division Margaret Stewart, daughter to Robert Stewart, King of of lands, the one party adhering to Angus, and the Scotland, called John Fernyear; she bore him three other to John: the differences increased so much, that
Donald of the Isles, the heir, John the Tain- John obtained from Allan all the lands betwixt Abhan ister (i. e. Thane), the second son, and Alexander Car- Fahda (i. e. the long river) and ald na sionnach (i. e. rach. John had another son called Marcos, of whom the fox-burn brook), in the upper part of Cantyre. the clan Macdonald of Cnoc, in Tirowen, are descended. Allan went to the king to complain of his son-in-law; This John lived long, and made donations to Icolumkill; in a short time thereafter, there happened to be a great he covered the chapel of Eorsay-Elan, the chapel of meeting about this young Angus's lands to the north of Finlagan, and the chapel of the Isle of Tsuibhne, and Inverness, where he was murdered by his own harper, gave the proper furniture for the service of God, up- Mac-Cairbre, by cutting his throat with a long knife. holding the clergy and monks; he built or repaired the He lived a year thereafter, and many of those conchurch of the Holy Cross immediately before his death. cerned were delivered up to the king. Angus's wife Ile died at his own castle of Ardtorinish; many priests was pregnant at the time of his murder, and she bore and monks took the sacrament at his funeral, and they him a son, who was named Donald, and called Donald embalmed the body of this dear man, and brought it Du. He was kept in confinement until he was thirty to Icolumkill; the abbot, monks, and vicar, came as years of age, when he was released by the men of Glenthey ought to meet the King of Fiongal," and out of coe, by the strong hand. After this enlargement, he great respect to his memory mourned eight days and came to the Isles, and convened the gentry thereof. nights over it, and laid it in the same grave with his fa- There happened great feuds betwixt these families while ther, in the church of Oran, 1380.
Donald Du was in confinement, insomuch that Mac« Ronald, son of John, was chief ruler of the Isles in Cean of Ardnamurchan destroyed the greatest part of
1 Western Isles and adjacent coast.