« 前へ次へ »
Argyleshire. There, as mentioned in a preceding, aud mention of the personal danger of Lorn, or of the loss more fully in a subseqnent note, he was defeated by the of Bruce's mantle. The last circumstance, indeed, Lord of Lorn, who had assumed arms against him in might be warrantably omitted, revenge of the death of his relative, John the Red According to Barbour, the king, with his handful of Comyn. Escaped from this peril, Bruce, with his few followers, not amounting probably to three hundred attendants, subsisted by hunting and fishing, until the men, encountered Lorn with about a thousand Argyleweather compelled them to seek better sustenance and shire men in Glen-Douchart, at the head of Breadalbane, shelter than the Highland mountains afforded. With near Teyndrum. The place of action is still called great difficulty they crossed, from Rowardennan pro- Dalry, or the king's Field. The field of battle was unbably, to the western banks of Loch Lomond, partly in favourable to Bruce's adherents, who were chiefly mena miserable boat; and partly by swimming. The va at-arms. Many of the horses were slain by the long liant and loyal Earl of Lennox, to whose territories they poleaxes, of which the Argyleshire Scottish had learned had now found their way, welcomed them with tears, the use from the Norwegians. At length Bruce combut was unable to assist them to make an effectual manded a retreat up a narrow and difficult pass, he head. The Lord of the Isles, then in possession of great himself bringing up the rear, and repeatedly turning part of Cantyre, received the fugitive monarch and fu- and driving back the more venturous assailants. Lorn, ture restorer of his country's independence, in his castle observing the skill and valour used by his enemy in of Dunnaverty, in that district. But treason, says Bar- protecting the retreat of his followers, «Methinks, bour, was so general, that the king durst not abide there. Murthokson,» said he, addressing one of his followers, Accordingly, with the remnant of his followers, Bruce « he resembles Gol-mac-morn, protecting his followers cmbarked for Rath-Erio, or Rachrive, the Recina of from Fingal. »- A most unworthy comparison, observes Ptolemy, a small island, lying almost opposite to the the archdeacon of Aberdeen, unsuspicious of the future shores of Ballycastle, on the coast of Ircland. The fame of these names; he might with more propriety islanders at first fled from their new and armed guests, have compared the king to Sir Gaudefer de Larys, but upon some explanation submitted themselves to protecting the foragers of Gadyrs against the attacks of Bruce's sovereignty. He resided among them until the Alexander.Two brothers, the strongest among Lorn's approach of spring (1306), when he again returned to followers, whose names Barbour calls Mackyn-Drosser Scotland, with the desperate resolution to reconquer his interpreted Durward, or Porterson), resolved to rid kingdom, or perish in the attempt. The progress of his their chief of this formidable foe. A third
person success, from its commencement to its completion, (perhaps the Mac-Keoch of the family tradition) asforms the brightest period in Scottish history.
sociated himself with them for this purpose. They Note 5. Stanza xi.
watched their opportunity until Bruce's party had en
tered a pass between a lake (Loch-Dochart probably) It has been generally mentioned in the preceding the party, had scarce room to manage his steed. Here
and a precipice, whicre the king, who was the last of notes, that Robert Bruce, after his defeat at Metliven, his three foes sprung upon him at once. One seized his being hard pressed by the English, endeavoured, with bridle, but received a wound which hewed off his arm; the dispirited remnant of his followers, to escape
from Brcadalbane and the mountains of Perthshire into the deavoured to dismount him, but the king, putting spurs
a second grasped Bruce by the stirrup and leg, and enArgyleshire Highlands. But he was encountered and
to his borse, threw him down, still holding by the repulsed, after a very severe engagement, by the Lord of
stirrup. The third, taking advantage of an acclivity, Lorn. Bruce's personal strength and courage were
sprung up behind him upon his horse. Bruce, however, never displayed to greater advantage than in this conflict. There is a tradition in the family of the Mac- exceeding that of most men, extricated himself from liis
whose personal strength is uniformly mentioned as Dougals of Lorn, that their chieftain cugaged in per
grasp, threw him to the ground, and cleft his skull with sonal battle with Bruce himself, while the latter was
his sword. By similar exertion he drew the stirrup employed in protecting the retrcat of his men; that from his grasp whom he had overthrown, and killed Mac-Dougal was struck down by the king, whose him also with his sword as he lay among the horse's strength of body was equal to his vigour of mind, and feet. The story seems romantic, but this was the age would have been slain on the spot, had not two of of romantic exploit; and it must be remembered that Lorn's vassals, a father and son, whom tradition terms Mac-Keoch, rescued him, by scizing the mantle of the half-clad mountaineers. Barbour adds the following
Druce was armed cap-a-pie, and the assailants were monarchi, and dragging him from above his adversary. circumstance, highly characteristic of the sentiments Bruce rid himself of these foes by two blows of his redoubted battle-axe, but was so closely pressed by the
of chivalry. Mac-Naughton, a baron of Cowal, pointed
out to the Lord of Lorn the deeds of valour which other followers of Lorn, that he was forced to abandon
Bruce performed in this memorable retreat, with the the mantle, and broach which fastened it, clasped in the dying grasp of the Mac-Keochis. A studded broachi,
«It seems to give
highest expressions of admiration. said to have been that which King Robert lost upon this gccasion, was long preserved in the fainily of
"This is a very curious passage, and has been often quoted in tho
Ossianio controversy. That it refers to ancient Celiis tradition, Mac-Dougal, and was lost in a fire which consumed
there can be no doubt, and as little ibat it refers to Do incident in their temporary residence.
the poems publisbed by Mr Macpherson as from the Gaelic. Tue The metrical history of Barbour throws an air of bero of romance, whom Barlour thinks a more proper prototype for
the Bruce, oceur in the romance of Alexander, of which there is an credibility upon the tradition, although it does not entirely coincide either in the names or number of the unique translation into Scottish verse in the library of the honour
tible Nr Vaule, of Panmure.-Sve Weuna's Romances, vol. I, appena vassals by whom Bruce was assailed, and makes no dix to lutroduction, p. Ixxiii.
TA BROACH OF LOAN.
thee pleasure,» said Lorn, « that he makes such havoc rians, and cannot now be ascertained. The fact that among our friends.»-« Not so, by my faith,» replied they met at the high altar of the Minorites or GreyMac-Naughton; « but be he friend or foe who achieves Friars' church in Dumfries, that their difference broke high deeds of chivalry, men should bear faithful wit out into high and insulting language, and that Bruce ness to his valoạr; and never have I heard of one, who, drew his dagger and stabbed Comyn, is certain. Rushby his knightly feats, has extricated himself from such ing to the door of the church, Bruce met two powerful dangers as have this day surrounded Bruce.»
barons, kirkpatrick of Closeburn, and James de Lindsay,
who eagerly asked him what tidings ?» « Bad tidings,» Note 6. Stanza xi.
answered Bruce, «I doubt I have slain Comyn.» Wrought and chased with rare device, Studded fair with gems of price.
« Doubtest thou?» said Kirkpatrick; «I make sicker, » Great art and expense was bestowed upon the fibula, into the church, and dispatched the wounded Comyn.
(i. e.) sure. With these words, he and Lindsay rushed or broach, which secured the plaid, when the wearer The Kirkpatricks of Closeburn assumed, in memory of was a person of importance. Martin mentions having this deed, a hand holding a dagger, with the memorable seen a silver broach of an hundred marks value.
words, «I make sicker.» Some doubt having been «It was broad as any ordinary pewter plate, the whole curiously engraven with various animals, etc.
started by the late Lord Jiailes as to the identity of the There was a lesser buckle, which was wore in the mid: Kirkpatrick, who completed this day's work, with Sir dle of the larger, and above two ounces weight; it had Roger, then representative of the ancient family of the center a large piece of crystal, or some finer
Closeburn, my kind and ingenious friend, Mr Charles stone, and this was set all round with several finer
Kirkpatrick Sharpe, has furnished me with the followstones of a lesser size.»--Western Islands.
ing memorandum, which appears to fix the deed with
his ancestor:Pennant has given an engraving of such a broach as
«The circumstances of the Regent Cummin's murder, Martin describes, and the workmanship of which is very elepant. It is said to have belonged to the family said to have derived its crest and motto, are well known
from which the family of Kirkpatrick, in Nithsdale, is of Lochbuy.-See Pennant's Tour, vol. III, p. 14.
to all conversant with Scottish history; but Lord Hailes Note 7. Stanza xiii.
has started a doubt as to the authenticity of this traVain was then the Douglas brand,
dition, when recording the murder of Roger Kirkpatrick, Vain the Campbell's vaunted hand.
in his own castle of Caerlaverock, by Sir James Lindsay. The gallant Sir James, called the Good Lord Douglas, Fordun,' says his lordship, ó remarks that Lindsay and the most faithful and valiant of Bruce's adherents, was Kirkpatrick were the heirs of the two men who acwounded at the battle of Dalry. Sir Nigel, or Niel companied Robert Brus at the fatal conference with Campbell, was also in that unfortunate skirmish. He Comyn. If Fordun was rightly informed as to this married Marjorie, sister to Robert Bruce, and was particular, an argument arises, in support of a notion among his most faithful followers. In a manuscript which I have long entertained, that the person who account of the house of Argyle, supplied, it would struck his dagger in Comyn's heart was not the represeem, as materials for Archbishop Spottiswoode's His- sentative of the honourable family of Kirkpatrick in tory of the Church of Scotland, I find the following Nithsdale. Roger de K. was made prisoner at the passage concerning Sir Niel Campbell:---« Moreover, battle of Durham in 1346. Roger de Kirkpatrick was when all the nobles in Scotland had left King Robert alive on the 6th of August, 1357; for, on that day, after his hard success, yet this noble knight was most Humphry, the son and heir of Roger de K., is proposed faithful, and shrinked not, as it is to be seen in an
as one of the young gentlemen who were to be hostages indenture bearing these words :—Memorandum quod for David Bruce. Roger de K, Miles was present at the cum ab incarnatione Domini 1308 conventum fuit et parliament held at Edinburgh, 25th September, 1357; concordatum inter nobiles viros Dominum Alexandrum and he is mentioned as alive 3d October, 1357, de Seatoun militem et Dominum Gilbertum de Haye
(Fædera); it follows, of necessary consequence, that militem et Dominum Nigellum Campbell militem apud Roger de K., murdered in June, 1357, must have been monasterium de Cambuskenneth 9° Septembris qui
a different person.-Annals of Scotland, vol. II, p. 242. tacta sancta eucharista, magnoque juramento facto,
« To this it may be answered, that at the period of jurarunt se debere libertatem regni et Robertum nuper the name of Kirkpatrick (nearly allied to each other)
the regent's murder, there were only two families of regem coronatum contra omnes mortales, Francos, Anglos, Scotos, defendere usque ad ultimum terminum
in existence-Stephen Kirkpatrick styled in the Charvitæ ipsorum.' Their seales are appended to the in- tulary of Kelso (1278), Dominus villæ de Closburn, denture in greene wax, togithir with the seal of Gulfrid, filius et hæres Domini Ade de Kirkpatrick, Militis Abbot of Cambuskenneth.»
(whose father, Ivone de Kirkpatrick, witnesses a charter
of Robert Brus, Lord of Annandale, before the year Note 8. Stanza xiii.
1141), had two sons, Sir Roger, who carried on the line Vain Kirkpatrick's bloody dirk,
of Closchurn, and Duncan, who married Isobel, daughMaking sure of murder's work.
ter and heiress of Sir David Tortlorwald of that ilk; Every reader must recollect that the proximate cause they had a charter of the lands of Torthorwald from of Bruce's asserting his right to the crown of Scotland, King Robert Brus, dated 10th August, the year being was the death of John, called the Red Comyn. The omitted—Umplıray, the son of Duncan and Isobel, got causes of this act of violence, equally extraordinary a charter of Torthorwald from the king, 16th July, from the high rank both of the perpetrator and sufferer, 1322—his son, Roper of Torthorwald, got a charter and from the place where the slaughter was committed, from John the Grahame, son of Sir Jolin Grahame of are variously related by the Scottish and English histo- Mosskessen, of an ar:nual rent of 40 shillings, out of the
lands of Overdryft, 1355—his son, William Kirkpatrick,
With him was a bold baron, grants a charter to John of Garroch, of the twa merk
Schyr William the Baroundoun, land of Glengip and Garvellgill, within the tenement of
Schyr Gilbert de la Haye alsua. Wamphray, 22d April, 1372. From this, it appears that the Torthorwald branch was not concerned in the There were more than one of the noble family of Hay affair of Comyn's murder, and the inflictions of Pro- engaged in Bruce's cause; but the principal was Gilbert vidence which ensued: Duncan Kirkpatrick, if we are de la Haye, Lord of Errol, a staunch adherent to King to believe the Blind Minstrel, was the firm friend of Robert's interest, and whom he rewarded by creating Wallace, to whom he was related.
him hereditary Lord High Constable of Scotland, a title (Kirkpatriek, that cruel was and keyne.
which he used 16th March, 1308, where in a letter from In Esclaill wod that half zer be had been ;
peers of Scotland to Philip the Fair of France, he is With Inglismen he coutl nocht weill accord,
designed Gilbertus de Hay, Constabularins Scotia. He Of Torthorwald be Baronnas and Lord, Of kyu ho was to Wallace modyr ner,) etc.
was slain at the battle of Halidon-hill. Hugh de la
Haye, his brother, was made prisoner at the battle of But this baron seems to have had no share in the ad- Vethven. ventures of King Robert; the crest of his family, as it still remains on a carved stone built into a cottage
Note 10. Stanza xiv. wall, in the village of Torthorwald, bears some re
Well hast thou framed, old man, thy strains, semblance, says Grose, to a rose.
To praise the hand that pays thy pains. « Universal tradition, and all our later historians,
The character of the Highland bards, however high have attributed the regent's death-blow to Sir Roger K. in an earlier period of society, scems soon to have deof Closeburn. The author of the MS. History of the
generated. The Irish afirm, that in their kindred Presbytery of Penpont, in the Advocates' Library, tribes severe laws became necessary to restrain their affirms, that the crest and motto were given by the
avarice. In the Highlands they seem gradually to have king on that occasion ; and proceeds to relate some
sunk into contempt, as well as the orators, or men of circumstances respecting a grant to a cottager and his
speech, with whose office that of family poet was often wife in the vicinity of Closeburn Castle, which are
united. certainly authentic, and strongly vouch for the truth
« The orators, in their language called Isdane, were of the other report.
in high esteem both in these islands and the continent; «"The steep hill (says he), called the Dune of Tynron, until within these forty years, they sat always among of a considerable height, upon the top of which there the nobles and chiefs of families in the streah, or circle. hath been some habitation or fort. There have been their houses and little villages were sanctuaries, as well in ancient times, on all hands of it, very thick woods,
as churches, and they took place before doctors of and great about that place, which made it the more physick. The orators, after the druids were extinct, inaccessible, into which K. Ro, Bruce is said to have
were brought in to preserve the genealogy of families, been conducted by Roger Kirkpatrick of Closeburn, and to repeat the same at every succession of chiefs; after they had killed the Gumin at Dumfries, which is and upon the occasion of marriages and births, they nine miles from this place, whereabout it is probable made epithalamiums and panegyricks, which the poet that he did abide for some time thereafter; and it is
or bard pronounced. The orators, by the force of their reported, that, during his abode there, he did often eloquence, had a powerful ascendant over the greatest divert to a poor man's cottage, named Brownrig, situate men in their time; for if any orator did but ask the in a small parcel of stoney ground, incompassed with | habit, arms, horse, or any other thing belonging to the thick woods, where he was content sometimes with greatest man in these islands, it was readily granted such mean accommodation as the place could afford. them, sometimes out of respect, and sometimes for fear The
poor man's wife being advised to petition the king of being exclaimed against by a satire, which, in those for somewhat, was so modest in her desires, that she days, was reckoned a great dishonour.
But these gensought no more but security for the croft in her hus- tlemen, becoming insolent, lost ever since both the band's possession, and a liberty of pasturage for a very profit and esteem which was formerly due to their few cattle of different kinds on the hill, and the rest of character; for neither their panegyricks nor satires arc the bounds. Of which privilege that ancient family, regarded to what they have been, and they are now by the injury of time, hath a long time been, and is, allowed but a small salary. I must not omit to relate deprived: but the croft continues in the possession of their way of study, which is very singular: They shut the heirs and successours lineally descended of this their doors and windows for a day's time, and lie on Brownrig and his wife; so that this family, being more their backs, with a stone upon their belly, and plads ancient than rich, doth yet continue in the name, and, about their heads, and their cyes being covered, they as they say, retains the old charter.'»–Ms. History of pump their brains for rhetorical encomium or panethe Presbytery of Perpont, in the Advocates' Library gyrick; and indeed they furnish such a style from this of Edinburgh.
dark cell as is understood by very few; and if they Note
purchase a couple of horses as the reward of their meBarendown fled fast away,
ditation, they think they have done a great matter, Fled the tiery De la Haye.
The poet, or bard, had a title to the bridegroom's upper These knights are enumerated by Barbour among the garb, that is, the plad and bonnet : but now he is satissmall number of Bruce's adherents, who remained in fyed with what the bridegroom pleases to give him on arms with him after the battle of Methven.
such occasions.»-Martin's Western Isles.
Note 11. Stanza xxv.
From this it would appear that the infamy of seizing Was 't not enough to Ronald's bower
Wallace must rest between a degenerate Scottishi nobleI brought thee, like a paramour.
man, ihe vassal of England, and a domestic, the obscure It was anciently customary in the Highlands to bringe agent of his treachery; between Sir John Menteith, the bride to the house of the husband. Nay, in some son of Walter, Earl of Menteith, and the Traitor Jack cases, the complaisance was stretched so far, that she Short, remained there upon trial for a (welvemonth; and the
Note 13. Stanza xxiv. bridegroom, even after this period of cohabitation,
Where's Nigel Bruce ? and De la Haye, retained an option of refusing to fulfil his engagement.
And valiant Seton- where are tbey ! It is said that a desperate feud ensued between the clans
Where Somerville, the kind and free? of Mac-Donald of Slcate and Mac-Leod, owing to the
And Fraser, flower of chivalry? former chief having availed himself of this license to
When these lines were written, the author was remote send back to Dunvegan a sister, or daughter, of the from the means of correcting his indistinct recollection latter. Mac-Leod, resenting the indignity, observed, concerning the individual fate of Bruce's followers, that since there was no wedding bonfire, there should after the battle of Methven. Hugh de la Haye and be one to solemnize the divorce. Accordingly, he Thomas Somerville of Lintoun and Cowdally, ancestor burned and laid waste the territories of Mac-Donald, of Lord Somerville, were both made prisoners at that who retaliated, and a deadly feud, with all its accom-defeat, but neither was executed. paniments, took place in form.
Sir Nigel Bruce was the younger brother of Robert,
to whom he committed the charge of his wife and Note 12. Stanza xxvi.
daughter, Marjorie, and the defence of his strong castle Since matchless Wallace first bad been In mock'ry crown'd with wreaths of green.
of Kildrummie near the head of the Don, in AberStowe gives the following curious account of the deenshire. Kildrummie long resisted the arms of the trial and execution of this celebrated patriot:–« Wil- Earls of Lancaster and Hereford, until the magazine liam Wallace, who had oft-times set Scotand in great was treacherously burnt. The garrison was then comtrouble, was taken and brought to London, with great pelled to surrender at discretion, and Nigel Bruce, a numbers of men and women wondering upon him. youth remarkable for personal beauty, as well as for He was lodged in the house of William Delect, a citizen sallantry, fell into the hands of the unrelenting Edward. of London, in Fenchurch-street. On the morrow, being He was tried by a special commission at Berwick, was the eve of St Bartholomew, he was brought on horse- condemned, and executed. back to Westminster, John Legrave and Geffrey,
Christopher Scatoun shared the same unfortunate
fate. knights, the mayor, sheriffs, and aldermen of London,
He also was distinguished by personal valour, and many others, both on horseback and on foot, ac
and signalized himself in the fatal battle of Methven. companying him; and in the great hall at Westminster, Robert Bruce adventured his person in that battle like he being placed on the south bench, crowned with
a knight of romance. He dismounted Aymer de Valence, laurel, for that he had said in times past that he ought Sir Philip Mowbray. In this emergence Seatoun came
Earl of Pembroke, but was in his turn dismounted by to bear a crown in that hall, as it was commonly reported; and being appeached for a traitor by Sir Peter to his aid, and remounted him. Langtoft mentions, Malorie, the king's justice, he answered, that he was
that in this battle the Scottish wore white surpliccs, or never traitor to the king of England; but for other I shirts, over their armour, that those of rank might not
be known. In this manner both Bruce and Seatoun things whereof he was accused, he confessed them; escaped. But the latter was afterwards betrayed to the and was after headed and quartered. »–Stowe, Chr.
English, through means, according to Barbour, of one p. 209.
There is something singularly doubtful about the Mac-Nab, « a disciple of Judas,» in whom the unformode in which Wallace was taken. That he was be- tunate knight reposed entire confidence. There was trayed to the English is indubitable; and popular fame some peculiarity respecting his punishment; because, charges Sir John Menteith with the indelible infamy according to Matthew of Westminster, he was considered « Accursed,» says Arnold Blair, « be the day of nativity therefore taken to Dumfries, where he was tried, con
not as a Scottish subject, but an Englishman. He was of John de Menteith, and may his name be struck out of the book of life. But Jolin de Menteith was all demned, and executed, for the murder of a soldier along a zealous favourer of the English interest, and slain by him. His brother, John de Seton, had the was governor of Dumbarton Castle by commission same fate at Newcastle; both were considered as acfrom Edward the First; and therefore, as the accurate complices in the slaughter of Comyn, but in what Lord Hailes has observed, could not be the friend and
manner they were particularly accessary to that deed confidant of Wallace, as tradition states him to be.
docs not appear. The truth seems to be, that Menteith, thoroughly en
The fate of Sir Simon Fraser, or Frizel, ancestor of gayed in the English interest, pursued Wallace closely, the family of Lovat, is dwelt upon at great length, and and made him prisoner through the treachery of an
with savage exultation, by the English historians. This attendant, whom Peter Langtoft calls Jack Short.
knighi, who was renowned for personal gallantry and
lighi deeds of chivalry, was also made prisoner, after a William Waleis is nomen that master was of tbeves, Tiding to the king is comen ibat robbery mischeivs,
gallant defence, in the battle of Methven. Some stanzas Sir John of Menetest sued William so nigh,
of a ballad of the times, which, for the sake of renderHe tok bim when he ween'd least, on night, bis leman him by, ing it intelligible, I have translated out of its rude That was through treason of Jack Short his man,
orthography, five minute particulars of his fate. To Jack's brother had he slain, the Wallcis that is said,
was written immediately at the period, for it mentions The more Jack was faia to do William that braid.
thic Earl of Athole as not yet in custody. It was first
He was the encheson tbat Sir John so him ran,
published by the indefatigable Mr Ritson, but with so
Now slandeth the beved above the tu-bricee,
Fast by Wallace sooth for to sexce; many contractions and peculiarities of character, as to
After succour of Scotland long may he pry, render it illegible, excepting by antiquaries.
And after help of France whai lalt it to lie,
Better him were in Scotland,
With his axe in his hand,
To play on the green, etc.
The preceding stanzas contain probably as minute an
account as can be found of the trial and execution of To bringen to Scotland.
slate criminals of the period. Superstition mingled its
horrors with those of a ferocious state policy, as apSoon after the tiding to the king come, He sent bim to London, with mony armed groom,
pears from the following singular narrative. He came in at Newgate, I tell you it on a-plight,
« The Friday next, before the assumption of Our A garland of leaves on his head y-light
Lady, King Edward met Robert the Bruce at Saint
Johnstoune, in Scotland, and with his company, of
which company King Edward quelde seven thousand. For the traitour I ween.
When Robert the Bruce saw this mischief, and gan to
flee, and hov'd him that men might not him find; but Y-fettered were bis legs under his horses wombe, Both with iron and with steel mancled were his hond,
S. Simond Frisell pursued was so sore, so that he turned A garland of pervink' set up his hered, 2
again and abode bataille, for he was a worthy kuight Much was the power that him was bereved,
and a bolde of bodye, and the Englishmen pursuede him In land.
sore on every side and quelde the steed that Sir Simond So God me amend, Little he ween'd
Frisell rode upon, and then toke him and led him to So to be brought in hand. the host. And S. Symond began for to flatter and
speke fair, and saide, Lordys, I shall give you four This was upon Our Lady's even, forsooth I understand,
thousand markes of silver, and myne horse and har-
God me so helpe, it is for nought that thou speakest,
for all the gold of England I would not let thee go withYe know sootb well.
out commandment of King Edward. And tho' he was Then said the justice, that gentil is and free,
Jed to the king, and the king would not see liim, but Sir Simond Frizel the king's traiter hast thou be;
commanded to lead him away to his doom in London, In water and in land that mony mighten see,
on Our Lady's even nativity. And he was hung and What sayst thou thereto how will thou quite be,
drawn, and his head smitten off, and hanged again Do say,
with chains of iron upon the gallows, and his head was So foul he him wist, Nede war on trust
set at London-bridge upon a spear, and against ChristFor to say nay.
mas the body was burnt, for encheson (reason) that
the men that keeped the body saw many devils rampWith fetters and with ging' y-hot he was to draw From the tower of London that many men might know,
ing with iron crooks, running upon the gallows, and In a kirtle of Burel, a selcouth wise,
horribly tormenting the body. And many that them And a garland in his head of the now quise,
saw, anon thereafter died for dread, or waxen mad, or Through Cheapo.
sore sickness they had.»-MS. Chronicle in the British
Museum, quoted by Ritson.
Note 14. Stanza xxvi.
Was not the life of Athole shed,
To soothe the tyrant s sicken'd bed ?
John de Strathbogie, Earl of Athole, had attempted
to escape out of the kingdom, but a storm cast him Some while weened be
upon the coast, when he was taken, sent to London, Thus little to stand. 3
and executed, with circumstances of great barbarity, He rideth through the city, as I tell may,
being first half strangled, then let down from the With gamen and with solace that was their play,
gallows while yet alive, barbarously dismembered, and To London-bridge he took the way,
his body burnt. It may surprise the reader to learn, Mony was the wives child that thereon lacketh-a-day, that this was a mitigated punishment: for, in respect
Apd said, alas!
that his mother was a grand-daughter of King John, by And so vilely forlorn
his natural son Richard, he was not drawn on a sledge So fair man he was.?
to execution, « that point was forgiven,» and he made
the passage on horseback. Matthew of Westminster I Periwinckle.
tells us that King Edward, then extremely ill, received 3 He was condemned to be drawn.
great case from the news that his relative was appre5 Meaning at one time he little thought to stand thus.
hended. Quo audito, Rex Angliæ, etsi gravissimo * Saith lack-a-day. 7. The gallant knight, like others in the same situation, was pitied morbo tunc languerit, levius tamen tulit dolorem.» by the female spectators as : a proper young man..
To this singular expression the text alludes.