« 前へ次へ »
That speared at him how be had done.
burning heath for the improvement of land was then And be with sore heart told him soon,
unknown; that a spunkie (Jack o' Lanthorn) could not
have been seen across the breadth of the Forth of
Clyde, between Ayrshire and Arran; and that the cou-
rier of Bruce was his kinsman, and never suspected of
treachery.»—Letter from Mr Joseph Train of Newton
Stuart, author of an ingenious Collection of Poems, il-
lustrative of many ancient traditions in Galloway and
Ayrshire, Edinburgh, 1814.
Note 7. Stanza xix.
They gaind the chase, a wide domain
Left for the castle's sylvan reign.
The castle of Turnberry, on the coast of Ayrshire,
was the property of Robert Bruce, in right of his mo-
ther. Lord Hajles mentions the following remarkable
circumstance concerning the mode in which he became
proprietor of it:-« Mariba, Countess of Carrick in her The king was of his speech angry.
own right, the wife of Robert Bruce, Lord of Antian-
dale, bare him a son, afterwards Robert I. (11th July,
1274). The circumstances of her marriage were sin-
gular: happening to meet Robert Bruce in her domains,
she became enamoured of him, and with some violence
led him to her castle of Turnberry. A few days after
she married him, without the knowledge of the relaWhether it be enseful or angry.
tions of either party, and without the requisite consent • Brother, - he said, = since you will sua,
of the king. The king instantly seized her castle and It is good that we same ta,
She afterwards atoned by a fine for her
Little did Alexander foresce, that,
from this union, the restores of the Scottish mo-
narchy was to arise.»— Annals of Scotland, vol. II,
The same obliging correspondent, whom I have
quoted in the preceding note, gives me the following
account of the present state of the ruins of Turnberry:
-« Turnberry Point is a rock projecting into the sea;
the top of it is about 18 feet above high-water mark.
Upon this rock was built the castle. There is about
2.5 feet high of the wall next to the sea yet standing.
Upon the land-side the wall is only about four feet
high; the length has been 60 feet, and the breadth 45:
it was surrounded by a ditch, but that is now nearly
The of the ruin, rising between 40 and
50 feet above the water, has a majestic appearance
from the sea. There is not much local tradition in The following are the words of an ingenious corre
the vicinity connected with Bruce or his history. In spondent, to whom I am obliged for much information front, however, of the rock, upon which stands Culzean respecting Turnberry and its neighbourhood. « The Castle, is the mouth of a romantic cavern, called the only tradition now remembered of the landing of Ro- Cove of Colean, in which it is said Bruce and his folberi the Bruce in Carrick, relates to the fire seen by lowers concealed themselves immediately after landing, him from the Isle of Arran. It is still generally re
till they arranged matters for their farther enterprises. ported, and religiously believed by many, that this fire Burns mentions it in the poem of Halloween. The only was really the work of supernatural power, unassisted place to the south of Turnberry worth mentioning, by the hand of any mortal being; and it is said, that, with reference to Bruce's history, is the Weary Nuik, a for several centuries, the flame rose yearly on the same little romantic green hill, where he and his party are hour of the same night of the year, on which the king said to have rested, after assaulting the castle. » first saw it from the turrets of Brodick Castle; and Around the castle of Turnberry was a level plain of some go so far as to say, that, if the exact time were about two miles in extent, forming the castle park. known, it would be still seen. That this superstitious There could be nothing, I am informed, more beautiful notion is very ancient, is evident from the place where than the copse-wood and verdure of this extensive the fire is said to have appeared, being called the Bo- meadow, before it was invaded by the ploughshare. gles' Brae, beyond the remembrance of man. In
Note 8. Stanza xxxiii. port of this curious belief, it is said that the practice of
The Bruce bath won his father's hall!
I have followed the flattering and pleasing tradition, 2 Soon after. * Avenge. * Snatched.
that the Bruce, after his descent upon the coast of Ayr
shire, actually gained possession of his maternal castle. the fragments have been kept by the freemen of PrestBut the tradition is not accurate. The fact is, that he wick in a place of security. There is one of these was only strong enough to alarm and drive in the out- charter-stones at the village of Old Daily, in Carrick, posts of the English garrison, then commanded, not by which has become more celebrated by the following Clifford, as assumed in the text, but by Percy. Neither event, which happened only a very few years ago :was Clifford slain upon this occasion, though he had | The village of New Daily being now larger than the old several skirmishes with Bruce. He fell afterwards in place of the same name, the inhabitants insisted that the battle of Bannockburn. Bruce, after alarming the the charter-stone should be removed from the old castle of Turnberry, and surprising some part of the town to the new, but the people of Old Daily were ungarrison, who were quartered without the walls of the willing to part with their ancient right. Demands and fortress, retreated into the mountainous part of Carrick, remonstrances were made on each side without effect, and there made himself so strong that the English till at last man, woman, and child, of both villages, were obliged to evacuate Turnberry, and at length the marched out, and by one desperate engagement put an castle of Ayr. Many of his benefactions and royal gifts end to a war, the commencement of which no person attest his attachment to the hereditary followers of his then living remembered. Justice and victory, in this house, in this part of the country.
instance, being of the same party, the villagers of the It is generally known that Bruce, in consequence of old town of Daily now enjoy the pleasure of keeping his distresses after the battle of Methaven, was affected the blue-stane unmolested. Ideal privileges are often by a scorbutic disorder, which was then called a le-attached to some of these stones. In Girvan, if a man prosy. It is said he experienced benefit from the use can set his back against one of the above description, of a medicinal spring about a mile north of the town he is supposed not liable to be arrested for debt, nor of Ayr, called from that circumstance King's Ease. The can cattle, it is imagined, be poinded, so long as they following is the tradition of the country, collected by are fastened to the same stone. That stones were often Mr Train:« After Robert ascended the throne, he used as symbols to denote the right of possessing land, founded the priory of dominican monks, every one of before the use of written documents became general whom was under the obligation of putting up to Hea- in Scotland, is, I think, exceedingly probable. The ven a prayer once every week-day, and twice in holy- charter-stone of Inverness is still kept with great care, days, for the recovery of the king; and, after his death, set in a frame, and hooped with iron, at the marketthese masses were coptinued for the saving of his soul. place of that town. It is called by the inhabitants of The ruins of this old monastery are now nearly level that district Clack na Gouddin, I think it is very likely with the ground. Robert likewise caused houses to that Carey has mentioned this stone in his poem of be built round the well of King's Ease, for eight lepers, Craig Phaderick. This is only a conjecture, as I have and allowed eight bolls of oatmeal, and 281. Scotch never seen that work.
While the famous marble chair money, per annum, to each person. These donations was allowed to remain at Scoon, it was considered as were laid
the lands of Fullarton, and are now the charter-stone of the kingdom of Scotland.»
Note 9. Stanza xxxiv.
Bring here, , he said, the mazers four, much to thatch their houses annually.
My noble fathers loved of yoro. person had a drinking-horn provided him by the king,
These mazers were large drinking-cups, or goblets. which continued to be hereditary in the house to which Mention of them occurs in a curious inventory of the it was first granted. One of those identical horns, of treasure and jewels of James III., which will be pubvery curious workmanship, was in the possession of lished, with other curious documents of antiquity, by the late Colonel Fullarton of that ilk.»
my friend, Mr Thomas Thomson, D. Register of ScotMy correspondent proceeds to mention some curious land, under the title of «A Collection of Inventories, remnants of antiquity respecting this foundation. « In and other Records of the Royal Wardrobe, Jewelcompliment to Sir William Wallace, the great deliverer House,» etc. I copy the passage in which mention is of his country, King Robert Bruce invested the de- made of the mazers, and also of an habiliment, called scendants of that hero with the right of placing all the
King Robert Bruce's serk,» i. e. shirt, meaning, perlepers upon the establishment of King's Ease. This haps, his shirt of mail; although no other arms are patronage continued in the family of Craigie, till it was mentioned in the inventory. It might have been a resold, along with the lands of the late Sir Thomas Wal-lique of a more sanctified description, a penance shirt lace. The burgh of Ayr then purchased the right of perhaps. applying the donations of king's Ease to the support Extract from « Inventare of ane Parte of the Gold of the poor-house of Ayr. The lepers' charter-stone was a basaltic block, exactly the shape of a sheep's kidney,
and Silver conyeit and unconyeit, Jowellis, and
uther Stuff perteining to Umquhile our Soverane and weighing an Ayrsluire boll of mcal. The surface of this stone being as smooth as glass, there was not
Lords Fader, that he had in Depois the Tyme of his any other
Deceis, and that come to the Handis of our Soverane of lifting it than by turning the hollow
Lord that now is. M.CCCC.LXXXVUI.» to the ground, there extending the arms along each side of the stone, and clasping the hands in the cavity. Memorandum fundin in a bandit kist like a gardeviant," Young lads were always considered as deserving to be in the fyrst the grete chenye? of gold, contenand ranked among men, when they could lift the blue sevin score sex linkis. stone of King's Ease. It always lay beside the well, Item, thre platis of silver. till a few years ago, when some English dragoons etcamped at that place wantonly broke it, since which " Garde-vin, or wine-cooler.
Item, tuelf salfatis,
Jameses, and is dated at Faulkland. The freemen of Item, fyftene discheis 2 ouregilt.
Newton were formerly officers by rotation. The proItem, a grete gilt plate.
vost of Ayr, at one time, was a freeman of Newtoo, and Item, (wa grete bassingis 3 ouregilt.
it happened to be his turn, wlule provost in Ayr, to be Item, FOUR MASARIS, CALLED King Robert THB Brocis, officer in Newton, both of which offices he discharged with a COVER.
at the same time. Item, a grete cok maid of silver. Item, the hede of silver of ane of the coveris of masar.
Note ul. Stanza xxxiv. Item, a fare dialle. 4
Let Ettrick's archers sbarp their darts,
The fairest forms, the truest hearts ! Item, iwa kasis of knyffis. 5
The forest of Selkirk, or Extrick, at this period, ocItem, a pair of auld kniffis. Item, takin be the smyth that opinnit the lokkis, in cupied all the district which retains that denomination, gold fourty demyis.
and embraced the neighbouring dales of Tweeddale, Item, in Inglys grotis 6.
xxiji li, and the said
and at least the Upper Ward of Clydesdale. All that silver given again to the takaris of hym.
tract was probably as waste as it is mountainous, and Item, ressavit in the cloissat of Davidis tour, ane haly forest, which is supposed to have stretched from Cheviot
covered with the remains of the ancient Caledonian waterfat of silver, twa boxis, a cageat tume, a glas Hills as far as Hamilton, and to have comprehended even with rois-water, a dosoune of torchis, King Robert BRUCIS SERK.
a part of Ayrshire. At the fatal battle of Falkirk, Sir
John Stewart, of Bo brother to the Steward of The real use of the antiquarian's studies is, to bring Scotland, commanded the archers of Selkirk forest, who the minute information which he collects to bear upon fell around the dead body of their leader. The English points of history. For example, in the inventory I have historians have commemorated the tall and stately just quoted, there is given the contents of the black persons, as well as the unswerving faith, of these kist, or chest, belonging to James III., which was his foresters. Nor has their interesting fall escaped the strong-box, and contained a quantity of treasure in mo- notice of an elegant modern poetess, whose subject ney and jewels, surpassing what might have been at led her to treat of that calamitous engagement: the period expected of « poor Scotland's gear.» This illustrates and authenticates a striking passage in the
The glance of the morn had sparkled bright
On their plumage green and their actions light; history of the House of Douglas, by Ilume of Godscroft.
The burle was strong at each bullter's side, The last Earl of Douglas (of the elder branch) had been As they had been bound to ibe chase to ride; reduced to monastic seclusion in the Abbey of Lindores,
But the hugle is mute, and the shafts are spent,
The arm unnerved, and the bow unbent, by James II. James III., in his distresses, would wil
And the tired forest or is laid lingly have recalled him to public life, and made him Far, far from the clustering green-wood shade! his lieutenant. « But he,» says Godscroft, « laden
Sors have they toil'd- they are fallen asleep, with
And their slumber is heavy, and dull, and deep!
When over their bones the grass shall wave, saying, Sir, you have keept mee, and your black coffer
When the wild winds o'er their tombs shall rave, in Stirling, too long; neither of us can doe you any
Memory shall lean on their graves, and tell good: 1, because my friends have forsaken me, and
Ilow Selkirk's hunters bold around old Stewart fell! my followers and dependers are fallen from mne,
Miss Holroad's Wallace, or the Fight of Falkirk, Lond. taking themselves to other masters; and your black
quarto, Sog, pp. 179, 1. trunk is too farre from you, and your enemies are between you and it; or (as others say) because there was in it a sort of black coyne, that the king had caused to
GANTO VI. be coyned by the advice of his courtiers; which moneys (saith he), sir, if you had put out at the first, the people would have taken it; and if you had employed mee in due time I might have done you service. But
Note 1. Stanza i. now there is none that will take notice of me, nor med
When Bruce's banner bad victorious flow'd dle with your money.»—Hume's History of the House
O'er Loudoun's mountain, and in Ury's vale. of Douglas, fol. Edinb. 1644, p. 206.
The first important advantage gained by Bruce, after Note 10. Stanza xxxiv.
landing at Turnberry, was over Aymer de Valence, Arouse old friends, and gather new.
Earl of Pembroke, the same by whom he had been deAs soon as it was known in Kyle, says ancient tradi
feated near Methven. They met, as has been said, by tion, that Robert Bruce had landed in Carrick, with appointment, at Loudoun-hill
, in the west of Scotland.
Pembroke sustained a defeat; and from that time the intention of recovering the crown of Scotland, the Laird of Craigie, and forty-eight men in his immediate Yet he was subsequently obliged to retreat into Aber
Bruce was at the head of a considerable tlying army. neighbourhood, declared in favour of their legitimate deenshire, and was there assailed by Comyn, Earl of prince. Bruce granted them a tract of land, still retained by the freemen of Newton to this day. The Buchan, desirous to avenge the death of his relative,
the Red Comyn, and supported by a body of English original charter was lost when the pestilence was
Bruce was ill at raging at Ayr; but it was renewed by one of the troops under Philip de Moubray.
the time of a scrofulous disorder, but took horse to
meet his enemies, although obliged to be supported on · Salt-cellars, anciently the object of much curious workmanship, either side. He was victorious, and it is said that the
5 Cases of knives. 6 English groats.
agitation of his spirits restored bis health.
years and old
Note 2. Stanza i.
themselves in strong narrow ground. He himself, with When English blood oft deluged Douglasdale.
fifty horsemen well harnessed, issued forth under cover The « good Lord James of Douglas,» during these of a thick mist, surprised the English on their march, commotions often took from the English his own castle attacked and dispersed them.»-Dalrymple's Annals of Douglas, but, being unable to garrison it, contented of Scotland, quarto, Edinburgh, 1779, p. 25. himself with destroying the fortifications, and retiring
Note 4. Stanza i. into the mountains. As a reward to his patriotism, it
When Randolph's war-cry swelld the southern çale. is said to have been prophesied, that how often soever Douglas Castle should be destroyed, it should always Scottislı chief, was in the early part of his life not more
Thomas Randolph, Bruce's sister's son, a renowned again arise more magnificent from its ruins. Upon remarkable for consistency than Bruce himself.
He one of these occasions, he used fearful cruelty, causing all the store of provisions, which the English had laid espoused luis uncle's party when Bruce first assumed the up in his castle, to be heaped together, bursting the Methven, in which his relative's hopes appeared to be
crown, and was made prisoner at the fatal battle of wine and beer-casks among the wheat and flour, ruined. Tiandolph accordingly not only submitted to slaughtering the cattle upon the same spot, and upon the English, but took an active part against Bruce, apthe top of the whole cutting the throats of the English peared in arms against him, and in the skirmish where prisoners. This pleasantry of the « good Lord James » lhe was so closely pursued by the blood-hound, it is is commemorated under the name of the Douglas's said his nephew took his standard with his owu hand. Larder. A more pleasing tale of chivalry is recorded But Randolph was afterwards made prisoner by Douglas by Godscroft. « By this means, and such other exploits, in Tweeddale (see p. 337), and brought before King he so affrighted the enemy, that it was counted a mat
Roberi. Some liarslı language was exchanged between ter of great jeopardie to keep this castle, which began the uncle and nephew, and the latter was committed to be called the adventurous (or hazardous) castle of for a time to close custody. Afterwards, however, they Dougins; whereupon Sir John Walton being in suit of
were reconciled, and Randolph was created Earl of an English lady, she wrote to him, that when he had
Moray about 1312. After this period he eminently kept the adventurous castle of Douglas seven years, distinguished himself, first by the surprise of Edinburgh then he might think himself worthy to be a suitor to Castle, and afterwards by many similar enterprises, her. Upon this occasion Walton took upon him the conducted with equal courage and ability. keeping of it, and succeeded to Thruswall, but he ran the same fortune with the rest that were before him.
Note 5. Stanza iv. For Sir James, having first dressed an ambuscado near
Beleaguer'd by King Robert's powers; unto the place, he made fourteen of his men take so
dad they took term of truce. many sacks, and fill them with grass, as though it had been corn, which they carried in the way to Lanark,
When a long train of success, actively improved by the chief market town in that county: so hoping to
Robert Bruce, had made him master of almost all Scotdraw forth the captain by that bait, and either to take land, Stirling Castle continued to hold out. him or the castle, or both. Neither was this expecta- of the blockade was committed by the king to his tion frustrated, for the captain did bite, and came forth brother Edward, who concluded a treaty with Sir Philip to have taken this victual (as lie supposed). But ere
Mowbray, the governor, that he should surrender the he could reach these carriers, Sir James, with his com
fortress, if it were not succoured by the King of Engpany,
had gotten between the castle and him; and these land before St John the Baptist's day. The king severely disguised carriers, seeing the captain following after blamed his brother for the impolicy of a treaty, which them, did quickly cast off their sacks, mounted them- gave time to the King of England to advance to the selves on horseback, and-met the captain with a sharp relief of the castle with all his assembled forces, and encounter, being so much the more amazed, as it was
obliged himself cither to meet them in battle with an
« Let all unlooked for; wherefore, when he saw these carriers inferior force, or to retreat with dishonour. metamorphosed into warriors, and ready to assault England come,» answered the reckless Edward, « we him, fearing that which was, that there was some traju
will figlit them were they more.» The consequence Jaid for them, he turned about to have retired to his was, of course, that eachi kingdom mustered its strength castle, but there he also met with his enemies; between for the expected battle, and as the space agreed upon
reached from Lent to Midsummer, full time was allowed which two companies he and his whole followers were
for that purpose. slain, so that none escaped: the captain afterwards
Note 6. Stanza iv. being searched, they found (as it is reported) his inis
To summon prince and peer, tress's letter about him.»-Ilume's History of the House
At Berwick-bounds to meet their liege. of Douglas, fol. pp. 29, 30.
There is printed in Rymer's Fædera the summons Note 3. Stanza i.
issued upon this occasion to the sheriff of York; and And fiery Edward routed stoat St John.
he mentions eighteen other persons to whom similar «John de St John, with 15,000 horsemen, had ad- ordinances were issued. It seems to respect the invanced to oppose the inroad of the Scots. By a forced fantry alone, for it is entitled, De peditibus ad recusstem march he endeavoured to surprise them, but intelligence Castride Stryvelin a Scotis obsessi properare faciendis. of his motions was timeously received. The courage of this circumstance is also clear from the reasoning of Edward Bruce, approaching to temerity, frequently the writ, which states, « We have understood that our enabled him 10 achieve what men of more judicious Scottish enemies and rebels are endeavouring to collect valour would never have attempted. He ordered the as strong a force as possible of infauiry, in strong and infantry, and the meaner sort of his army, to entrench marshy grounds, where the approach of cavalry would
be difficult, between us and the castle of Stirling.»- Maur. Kenenagli Mac Murgh;
Their chief, Fitz-Louis.
Fitz-Louis, or Mac-Louis, otherwise called Fullarton,
is a family of ancient descent in the Isle of Arran. They Edward the First, with the usual policy of a conqueror, are said to be of French origin, as the name intimates. employed the Welch, whom he had subdued, to assist They attached themselves to Bruce upon his first landhim in his Scottish wars, for which their habits, as ing; and Fergus Mac-Louis, or Fullarion, received from mountaineers, particularly fitted them. But this policy the grateful monarch a charter, dated 26th November, was not without its risks. Previous to the battle of in the second year of his reign (1307), for the lands of Falkirk, the Welch quarrelled with the English men-Kilmichel
, and others, which still remain in this very at-arms, and after bloodshed on both parts, separated ancient and respectable family. themselves from his army, and the feud between them, at so dangerous and critical a juncture, was reconciled
Note 10. Stanza x. with difficulty. Edward II. followed his father's example
In batiles four beneath their eye, in this particular, and with no better success. They
The forces of King Robert lie. could not be brought to exert themselves in the cause The arrangements adopted by King Robert for the of their conquerors. But they had an indifferent reward decisive battle of Bannockburn, are given very distinctly for their forbearance. Without arms, and clad only in by Barbour, and forin an edifying lesson to tacticians. scanty dresses of linen cloth, they appeared naked in l'et, till commented upon by Lord Hailes, this importthe eyes even of the Scottish peasantry; and after the ant passage of history lias been generally and strangely rout of Bannockburn, were massacred by them in great misunderstood by historians. I will here endeavour to numbers, as they retired in confusion towards their detail it fully. own country. They were under command of Sir Two days before the battle, Bruce selected the field Maurice de Berkley.
of action, and took post there with his army, consist
ing of about 30,000 disciplined men, and about half Note S. Stanza iv.
the number of disorderly attendants upon the camp.
The ground was called the New Park of Stirling: it was
partly open, and partly broken by copses of wood and There is in the Fædera an invitation to Eth O'Connor, marshy ground. He divided his regular forces into chief of the Irish of Connaught, setting forth that the four divisions. Three of these occupied a front line, king was about to move against his Scottish rebels, separated from each other, yet sufficiently near for the
The fourth division and therefore requesting the allendance of all the force purposes of communication. he could muster, either commanded by himself informed a reserve. The line extended in a north-easterly
direction from the brook of Bannock, which is so person, or by some nobleman of his race. These auxiliaries were to be commanded by Richard de Burgh, rugged and broken as to cover the right flank effecEarl of Ulster. Similar mandates were issued to the tually, to the village of Saint Ninian's, probably in the following Irish chiefs, whose names may astonish the line of the present road from Stirling to Kilsyth.
Edward Bruce commanded the right wing, which was unlearned, and amuse the antiquary.
strengthened by a strong body of cavalry under Keith, « Eth O Donnuld, Duci Hibernicorum de Tyrconil; the Marshal of Scotland, to whom was committed Demond O Kalian, Duci Hibernicorum de Fernetrew; the important charge of attacking the English archers; Doneval 0 Ncel, Duci liberoicorum de Tryowyn; Douglas, and the young Steward of Scotland, led the Neel Macbreen, Duci Hibernicorum de Kynallewan; central wing; and Thomas Randolph, Earl of Moray, Eth Offyn, Duci Hibernicorum de Turtery;
the left wing. The king himself commanded the fourth Admcly Mac Anegus, Duci llibernicorum de Onehagh; division, which lay in reserve behind the others. The Neel O llanlan, Duci Hibernicorum de Erthere;
royal standard was pitched, according to tradition, Bien Mac Mahun, Duci Hibernicorum de Uriel; in a stone, having a round hole for its reception, and Lauercach Mac Wyr, Duci Hibernicorum de Lougherin; thence called the Bore-stone. It is still shown on the Gillys 0 Railly, Duci Hibernicorum de Bresfeny; top of a small eminence, called Brock's-brae, to the Geffrey 0 Fergy, Duci Hibernicorum de Montiragwil; south-west of St Ninian's. His main body thus disFelyn 0 Hopughur, Duci Ilibernicorum de Connach; poscd, King Robert sent the followers of the
camp, Donethuth O Brien, Duci Hibernicorum de Tothmund; fifteen thousand and upwards in number, to the emiDermod Mac Arthy, Duci llibernicorum de Dessemound; nence in rear of liis army, called from that circumDenenoul Carbragh;
stance the Gillies' (i. e. the servants') hill.