France, while aught noble remained in that country.' turned from the Holy Land to luis castle of DrummelThe family of Bethune, or leatoun, in Fife, produced ziar, found his frie lady nursing a healthy child, whose three learned and dignified prelates; namely, Cardinal birth did not by any means correspond to the date of Beaton, and (wo successive archbishops of Glasgow, all his departure. Such an occurrence, to the credit of of wliom flourished about the date of the romance. the dames of the crusaders Be it spoken, was so rare, Of this family was descended Dame Javet Beaton, Lady ibat it required a miraculous solution. The lady, thereBuccleuch, widow of Sir Walter Scoli of Branksome. fore, was believed, when she averred confidently, that She was a woman of maseuline spirit, as appeared from the Spirit of the Tweed had issued from the river while her riding at the head of ber son's clan, after her hus- she was walking upon its bank, and compelled her to band's murder. She also possessed the hereditary abili- submit to liis embraces: and the name of Tweedie was ties of her family in such a degree, that the supersti- bestowed upon the child, who afterwards became Baron tion of the vulgar imputed them to supernatural of Drummelziar, and chief of a powerful clan, To knowledge. With this was mingled, by faction, the foul those spirits were also ascribed, in Scotland, the accusation of ber having intluenced Queen Mary to the murder of her husband. One of the placards, preserved

-airy tongner, that syllable men's names,

On sands, and shores, and desert wildernesses. in Buchanan's Detection, accuses of Darnley's murder « the Erie of Pothwell, Mr James Balfour, the persoun When the workmen were engaged in erecting the of Fliske Mr David Chalmers, black Mr John Spens, ancient church of Old Deer, in Aberdeenshire, upon a who was principal deviser of the murder; and the Quene small hill called Bissau, they were surprised to find that assenting thairto, tirow the persuasion of the Erle Both- the work was impeded by supernatural obstacles. At well, and the witchcraft of Lady Buckleuch.»

length, the Spirit of the River was heard to say, Note 10. Stanza xi.

It is not here, it is not here,

That ye shall build the church of Deer ;
He learn'd the art that none may name,

But on Taptillery,
In Padua, far beyond the sea.

Were many a corpse shall lie. Padua was long supposed, by the Scottish peasants, to be the principal school of necromancy. The Earl of the site of the edifice was accordingly transferred to Gowrie, slain ai Perth, in 1600, pretended, during his Taptillery, an eminence at some distance from the studies in Italy, to have acquired some knowledge of place where the building had been commenced. - Macthe cabala, by which, he said, he could charm snakes, FARLANE'S MSS. I mention these popular fables, beand work other miracles; and, in particular, could pro- cause the introduction of the River and Mountain duce children without the intercourse of the sexes. - Spirits may not, at first sight, scem to accord with the See the examination of Wemyss of Bogie before the general tone of the romance, and the superstitions of Privy Council, concerning Gowrie's Conspiracy. the country where the scene is laid. Note 11. Stanza xi.

Note 13. Stanza xix.
His form no darkening shadow traced

lancied moss-trooper, etc.
Upon the sunny wall.

This was the usual appellation of the marauders upon The shadow of a necromancer is independent of the the Borders ; à profession diligently pursued by the insun.—Glycas informs us, that Simon Magus caused his habitants on both sides, and by none more actively and shadow to go before him, making people believe it was successfully than by Buccleuch's clan. Long after the an attendant spirit. -Ueywood's Hierarchie, p. 475. union of the crowns, the moss-troopers, although sunk The vulgar conceive, that when a class of students have in reputation, and no longer enjoying the pretext of made a certain progress in their mystic studies, they national hostility, continued to pursue their calling. are obliged to run through a subterraneous hall, where Fuller includes, among the wonders of Cumberland, the devil literally catches the bindmost in the race, « The moss-troopers : so strange in the condition of unless he crosses the hall so speedily, that the arch-enemy their living, if considered in their Original, Increase, can only apprehend his shadow. In the latter case, the Height, Decay, and Ruine. person of the sage never after throws any shade; and « Original. I conceive them the same called those, who have thus lost their shadow, always prove Borderers in Mr Cambden; and characterised by him the best magicians.

to be, a wild and warlike people. They are called

moss-troopers, because dwelling in the mosses, and ridNote 12. Stanza xii.

ing in troops together. They dwell in the bounds, or

meeting, of the two kingdoms, but obey the laws of The Scottish vulgar, without having any very defined neither. They come to church as 'seldom as the 29th notion of their attributes, believe in the existence of February comes into the kalendar. an intermediate class of spirits residing in the air, or 2. « Increase.

When England and Scotland were in the waters ; to whose agency they ascribe floods, united in Great Britain, they that formerly lived by hosstorms, and all such phenomena as their own philoso-tile incursions, betook themselves to the robbing of ply cannot readily explain. They are supposed to their neighbours. Their sons are free of the trade by interfere in the affairs of mortals, sometimes with a their father's copy. They are like to Job, not in piety malevolent purpose,

and sometimes with milder views. , and patience, but in sudden plenty and poverty; someIt is said, for example, that a gallant baron, having re times having tlocks and herds in the morning, nove at

'This expression and sentiment were dictated by the situation of night, and perchance many again next day. They may France, in ihe year 180s, when the poem was originally writwn, give for their mottoe, vivitur ex rapto, stealing from 1821.

their honest neighbours what they sometimes require.


The viewless forms of air.


They are a pest of hornets: strike one, and stir all of , descended from the ancient house of Hassendean. » The them about your ears. Indeed, if they promise safely ands of Deloraine now give an earl's title to the deto conduct a traveller, they will perform it with the scendant of Henry, the second surviving son of the Dufidelity of a Turkish janizary: otherwise, woe be to him chess of Buccleuch and Monmouth. I have endeavoured that falleth into their quarters!

to give William of Deloraine the attributes which cha3. « Height. Amounting, forty years since, to some racterised the Borderers of his day; for which I can only thousands. These compelled the vicinage to pureliase plead Froissart's apology, that, « it behoveth, in a their security, by paying a constant rent to them.-lynage, some to be folyshe and outrageous, to maynWhen in their greatest height, they had two great cne- teyne and sustayne the peasable.» As a contrast to my mies-the Laws of the Land, and the Lord William Marchmañ, I beg leave to transcribe, from the same Howard of Naworth. He sent many of them to Car-author, the speech of Amergot Marcell, a captain of the lisle, to that place where the officer doth always his Adventurous Companions, a robber, and a pillager of work by day-light. Yet these moss-troopers, if possi- the country of Auvergne, who had been bribed to sell bly they could procure the pardon for a condemned his strong-holds, and to assume a more honourable person of their company, would advance great sums out military life under the banners of the Earl of Armagof their common stock, who, in such a case, cast in But « when he remembered alle this, he was sortheir lots amongst themselves, and all have one purse.rowful; his tresour he thought he wolde not mynysshe ;

4. « Decay. Caused by the wisdom, valour, and be was wonte dayly to serche for newe pyllages, wherdiligence, of the Right Honourable Charles Lord Howard, bye encresed his profyte, and then he sawe that alle Earl of Carlisle, who routed these English Tories with was closed fro' hym. Then he sayde and imagyned, his regiment. His severity unto them will not only be that to pyll and to robbe (all thynge considered) was a excused, but commended, by the judicious, who consi- good lyfe, and so repented hym of his good doing. On der how our great lawyer doch describe such persons, a tyme, he said to his old companyons, ' Sirs, there is who are solemnly outlawed. BRACTON, lib. 8. trac. 2. no sporte nor glory in this worlde amonge men of warre, cap. 1.- Ex tunc gerunt caput lupinum, ita quod but to use suche lyfe as we have done in tyme past. sine judiciali inquisitione rite pereant, et secum suum What a joy was it to us when we rode forth at advenjudicium portent; et merito sine lege pereunt, quiture, and sometymte found by the way a riche priour or secundum legem vivere recusarunt.' — Thenceforward, merchaunt, or a route of mulettes of Mountpellyer, of (after that they are outlawed) they wear a wolf's head, Narbonne, of Lymens, of Fougans, of Desyers, of Thoso that they lawfully may be destroyed, without anyju-lous, or of Carcassone, laden with cloth of Brussels, or dicial inquisition, as who carry their owa condemna- peltre ware comynge fro the fayres, or laden with tion about them, and deservedly die without law, be- spycery fro Bruges, fro Damas, or fro Alysaundre: cause they refused to live according to law.'

whatsoever we met, all was ours, or els ransoumed at « Ruine. Such was the success of this worthy our pleasures ; dayly we gate new money, and the vylJord's severity, that he made a thorough reformation laynes of Auvergne and of Lymosyn dayly provided and among them; and the ringleaders being destroyed, the brought to our castell whete mele, good wynes, beffes, rest are reduced to legall obedience, and so, I trust, will and fatte mottons, pullayne, and wylde foule : We were continue.»— Fuller's Worthies of England, p. 216. ever furnyshed as tho we had been kings. When we

The last public mention of moss-troopers occurs dur-rode forthe, all the countrey trymbled for feare: all was ing the civil wars of the 17th century, when many ours goyng and comynge. Howe tok we Carlast, I and ordinances of parliament were directed against them. the Bourge of Compayne, and I and Perot of Bernoys Note 14. Stanza xix.

took Caluset : how dyd we seale, with lyteli ayde, the

strong castell of Marquell, pertayning to the Erl DolHow the brave boy, in futare war, Shoald lame the unicoro's pride,

phyo : 1 kept it nat past fyve days, but I receyved for it,

on a feyre table, fyve thousand franks, and forgave one The arms of the Kerrs of Cessford, were, Vert on a

thousande for the love of the Erl Dolphyn's children. cheveron, betwixt three unicorns' heads erased argent, By my fayth, this was a fayre and a good lyfe; wherethree mullets sable ; crest, a unicorn's head erased pro- fore I repute myselve sore deceyved, in that I have ren

per. The Scotts of Buccleuchi bore, Or on a bend azure; dered up the fortress of Aloys; for it wolde have kept 'a star of six points betwixt two.crescents of the first.

fro alle the worlde, and the day that I gave it up, it

was fournyshed with vytalles, to have been kept seven Note 15. Stanza xx.

yere without any re-vytaylynge. This Erl of Armynake

hath deceyved me: Olyve Barbe, and Perot le Bernoys, The lands of Delorajne are joined to those of Buc- shewed to me how I shulde repent myself: certayne I cleuch, in Ettrick Forest,

They were immemorially sore repent myselfe of what I have done. 'n-Froissart, possessed by the Buccleuch family, under the strong vol. II, p. 195. title of occupancy, although no charter was obtained

Note 16.' Stanza xxi. from the crown until 1545.-Like other possessions, the lands of Deloraine were occasionally granted by

By wily turns, by desperate bounds, them to vassals, or kinsmen, for Border service. Satchells

Had baffled Percy's best blood-hounds. mentions, among the twenty-four gentlemen pensioners The kings and heroes of Scotland, as well as the Borof the family, William Scott, commonly called Cut-der-riders, were sometimes obliged to study how to evade at-the-Black, who had the lands of Nether Deloraine, for the pursuit of blood-hounds. Barbour informs us, that his service. And again, « This William of Deloraine, Robert Bruce was repeatedly tracked by sleuth-dogs. commonly called Cut-at-the-Black, was a brother of the On one occasion, he escaped by wading a bow-shot down ancient house of Haining, which house of Haining is a brook, and ascending into a tree by a branch which


Exalt the

scent and tbe star.

---William of Deloraine.

up :

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overhung the water : thus leaving no trace on ļand of longed formerly to a family of Scotts, thus commemohis footsteps, he baftled the scent. The pursuers came rated by Satchells :

Tassendean came without a call,
Rycht to the burn thal passyt ware,

The ancientest house among them all.
Bor the sleuth-bund made stinting thar,
And wageryt langtyme ta and fra,

Note 19. Stanza xxvii.
That he na certain gate couth ga;

On Minto-crags tbe moon-beams glint.
Till at the last that John of Lorn
Perseuvit the hund the sleuth had lorde.

A romantic assemblage of cliffs, which rise suddenly
The Bruce, Book vii.

above the vale of Teviot, in the immediate vicinity of A sure way of stopping the dog was to spill blood the family seat, from which Lord Minto takes his title. upon the track, which destroyed the discriminating A small platform, on a projecting crag, commanding a fineness of his scent. A captive was sometimes sacri- most beautiful prospect, is termed Barnhills' Będ. This ficed on sùch occasions. Henry the Minstrel tells a ro- Barnhills is said to have been a robber, or outlaw. There mantic story of Wallace, founded on this circumstance: are remains of a strong tower beneath the rocks, where

- The hero's little band had been joined by an Irish- he is supposed to have dwelt, and from which he deman, named Fawdon, or Fadzean, a dark, savage, and rived his name, On the summit of the crags are the suspicious character. After a sharp skirmish at Black- fragments of another ancient tower, in a picturesque Erne Side, Wallace was forced to retreat with only six-situation. Among the houses cast down by the Earl of teen followers The English pursued with a Border Hartforde, in 1545, occur the towers of Easter-Barnhills, sleuth-bratch, or blood-hound:

and of Minto crag, with Minto town and place. Sir

Gilbert Elliot, father to the sent Lord Minto,' was
In Gelderland there was that bratchet bred,
Siker of scent, to follow them that fled;

the author of a beautiful pastoral song, of which the So was he used in Eske and Liddesdail,

following is a more correct copy than is usually pubWhile (i. c. çilt) she gat blood no fleeing might avail. lished. The poetical mantle of Sir Gilbert Elliot has

descended to his family. In the retreat, Fawdon, tired, or affecting to be so, would go no farther : Wallace, having in vain argued

My sheep I neglected, I broke my sheep-hook, with him, in basty anger, struck off his head, and con

And all the gay haunts of my youth I forsook : tinued the retreat. When the English came up, their

No more for Amynta fresh garlands I wove;

Ambition, I said, would soon cure me of love. hound stayed upon the dead body :

But what had my youth with ambition to do?
The slegtb stopped at Fawdon, still she stood,

Wby left I Amynta ? why broke I my vow!
Nor farther would fra tinig sbe fand the blood.

Through regions remote in vain do I rove,
The story concludes with a fine Gothic scene of ter-

And bid tbe wide world secure me from love. ror. Wallace took refuge in the solitary tower of Gask.

Ah, fool! to imagine, that aught could subdue

A love so well founded, a passion so true! Here he was disturbed at midnight by the blast of a

Ah, give me my sheep, and my sheep-hook restors, horn: he sent out his attendants by two and two, but

And I'll wander from love and Amyata no more! no one returned with tidings. "At length, when he was

Alas! 't is too late at thy fate to repine! left alone, the sound was heard still louder. -'The cham

Poor shepherd, Amynta no more can be thine! pion descended; sword in hand; and, at the gate of the

Thy tears are all fralıloss, thy wisbes ero vain, tower, was encountered by the headless spectre of Faw

The moments neglected return not again. don, whom he had slain so rashly. Wallace, in great

Ah! wbut had my youth with ambition to do?

Why left I Amynta ? wly broke I my row? terror, fled up into the tower, core open the boards of a window, leapt down fifteen feet in height, and continued

Note 20. Stauza xtviii. his flight up the river. Looking back to Gask, he dis

ancient Riddel's fair domain. covered the lower on fire, and the form of Fawdon upon the battlements, dilated to an immense size, and hold

The family of Riddel have been very long in possesing in his hand a blazing rafter. The minstrel con- sion of the barony, called Riddell, or Ryedale, part of cludes,

which still bears the latter name. Tradition carries Trust rycht welo, that all this be sooth, indeed,

their antiquity to a point extremely remote; and is, in Supposing it be no point of the creed.

some degree, sanctioned by the discovery of two stone

The Wallace, Book v. coffins, one containing an earthen pot filled with ashes Mr Ellis has extracted this tale as a sample of Henry's and arms, bearing a legible date, A. D. 727'; the other poetry: -Specimens of English Poetry, vol. I, p. 351.

dated 936, and filled with the bones of a man of gigan

tic size. These coffins were discovered in the foundaNote 17. Stanza xxv,

tions of what was, but has long ceased to be, the chapel Dimly he view'd the Moat-bill's mound.

of Riddell; and, as it was argued, with plausibility, that This is a round artificial mound near Hawick, which, they contained the remains of some ancestors of the from its name (Mot, Ang. Sax. Concilium, Conventius), family, they were deposited in the modern place of was probably anciently used as a place for assembling sepulture, comparatively so termed, though built in a national council of the adjacent tribes. There are II10. But the following curious and authentic documany such mounds in Scotland, and they are sometimes, ments warrant more conclusively the epithet of « anbut rarely, of a square form.

cient Riddel :» ist, A charter by David I. to Walter

Rydale, sheriff of Roxburgh, confirming all the estates Note 18. Stanza xxv.

of Liliescļive, etc., of which bis father, Gervasius de RyBeneath the tower of Hazeldean. The estate of Hazeldean, corraptly Hassendean, bc I Grandfather to the present earl.-1819.

dale, died possessed.—2d, A bull of Pope Adrian IV., carved and fretted, containing niches for the statues of confirming the will of Walter de Ridale, knight, in fa- saints, and labelled with scrolls, bearing appropriate vour of his brother Anschittil de Ridale, dated 8th texts of scripture. Most of these statues have been deApril, 155. 3d, A bull of Pope Alexander III., con molished. firming the said will of Walter de Ridale, bequeathing

Note 2. Stanza i. to his brother Anschittil the lands of Liliesclive, Whel

-St David's ruin'd pile. tunes, etc., and ratifying the bargain botwixt Anschittil and Huctredus, concerning the church of Liliesclive, in

David I. of Scotland purchased the reputation of consequence of the mediation of Malcolm JI., and con

sanctity, by founding, and liberally endowing, not only firmed by a charter from that monarch. This bull is the monastery of Melrose, but those of Kelso, Jedburgh, dated 17th June, 1160. 4th, A bull of the same pope, and many others, which led to the well-known obserconfirming the will of Sir Anschittil de Ridale, in favour vation of his successor, that he was a sore saint for the of his son Walter, conveying the said lands of Lilies-crown. clive and others, dated 10th March, 1120.

It is re

Note 3. Stanza ii. markable, that Liliesclive, otherwise Rydale, or Riddel,

-lands and livings, many a rood, and the Whittunes, have descended, through a'long train

Had gifted the shrine for their souls' reposo. of ancestors, without ever passing into a collateral line, The Buccleuch family were great benefactors to the to the person of Sir John Buchanan Riddell, Bart, of Abbey of Melrose. As early as the reign of Robert II., Riddell, the lineal descendant and representative of Sir Robert Scout, baron of Murdieston and Rankelburn Anschittil.–These ciroyinstances appeared worthy of (now Buccleuch), gave to the monks the lands of Hinnotice in a Border woma.

kery, in Eętrick Forest, pro salute animæ sudd. - Char

tulary of Melrose, 28th May, 1415.
Note 21. Stanza xxx.
As glanced his eye o'er Halidon.

Note 4. Stanza via
Halidon was an ancient seat of the Kerrs of Cessford,

Prayer know I hardly one ; now demolished. About a quarter of a mile to the northward lay the field of battle betwixt Buccleuch and

Save to patter an Ave Mary,

When I ride on a Border foray.
Angus, which is called to this day the Skirmish Field.
-See the 4th note on this Canto.

The Borderers were, as may be supposed, very igno

rant about religious matters. Colville, in his Paranesis, Note 22. Stanza xxxi.

or Admonition, states, that the reformed divines were Old Melros' rose, and fair Tweed ran.

so far from undertaking distant journies to convert the The ancient and beautiful monastery of Melrose was

Heathen, « as I wold wis at God that ye wold only go founded by King David I. Its ruins afford the finest bot to the Hielands and Borders of our own realm, to specimen of Gothic architecture and Gothic sculpture gain our awin countreymen, who, for lack of preching which Scotland can boast. The stone of which it is and ministration of the sacraments, must, with tyme, built

, though it has resisted the weather for so many becum either intidells or atheists.» But we learn, from ages, retains perfect sharpness, so that even the most Lesly, that, however deficient in real religion, they reminute . ornaments seem ås entire as when .newly gularly told their beads, and never with more zeal than wrought. In some of the cloisters, as is hinted in the when going on a plundering expedition. next Canto, there are representations of flowers, vege

Note 5. Stanza vii. tables, etc., carved in stone, with accuracy and preci

beneath their feet were the bones of the dead. sion so delicate, that we almost distrust our senses, The cloisters were frequently used as places of sepulwhen we consider the difficulty of subjecting so hard ture. An instance occurs in Dryburgh Abbey, where a substance to such intricate and exquisite modulation. the cloister has an inscription, bearing, Hic jacet frater This superb 'convent was dedicated to St Mary, and the

Archibaldus. monks were of the cistertian order. At the time of

Note 6. Stanza viii. the Reformation, they shared in the general reproach

So bad he seen, in fair Castile, of sensuality and irregularity, thrown upon the Roman,

The youth in glittering squadrons start; churchmen. The old words of Galashiels, a favourite

Suddon the flying jennet wheel,
Scottish air, ran thus:

And hurl the unespected dart.
O the monks of Melroso made cude kale!

« By my faith,» sayd the Duke of Lancaster (to a On Fridays when they fasted;

Portuguese squire), « of all the feates of armes that the They wanted neither beef nor ale,

Castellyans, and they of your countrey doth use, the As long as their neighbours' lasted.

castynge of their dartes best pleaseth me, and gladly I

wolde see it; for, as I hear say, if they strike onc CANTO II.

aryghte, without he be well armed, the dart will pierce him thrughe.»—« By my fayth, sir,» sayd the squyer,

«ye say trouth ; for I have seen many a grete stroke Note 1. Stanza 1.

given with them, which at one time cost us derely, and When silver edges the imagery,

was to us great displeasure; for, at the said skyrmishe, And the scrolls that teach thee to live and die.

Sir John Laurence of Coygne was striken with a dart in The buttresses ranged along the sides of the ruins of such wise, that the head perced all the plates of his cote Melrose Abbey are, according to the Gothic style, richly thrughie his body, so that lie fell down dead.»--Faois

of mayle, and a sacke stopped with sylke, and passed Kale, broch.


vol. II, ch. 14:- This mode of fighting with darts

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after or nat;

Note 7.

was imitated in the military game called Juego de las threw his unfortunate prisoner, horse and man, into a canas, which the Spaniards borrowed from their Moor- dungeon, and left him to perish of hunger. It is said, ish invaders. A Saracen champion is thus described the miserable captive prolonged his existence for several by Froissart : « Among the Sarazyns, there was a yonge days by the corn which fell from a granary above the knight called Agadinger Dolyferne; he was always wel vault in which he was confined." So weak was the royal mounted on a redy and a lyght horse ; it seemed, when authority, that David, although highly incensed at this the horse ranne, that he did fly in the ayre. The knyghte atrocious murder, found hiinself obliged to appoint the seemed to be a good man of armes by his dedes; he Knight of Liddesdale successor to his victim, as sheriff bare always of usage three fethered dartes, and ryght of Teviotdale. But he was soon after slain, while huntwell he could handle them; and, according to their ing in Ettrick Forest, by his own godson and chieftain, custome, he was clene armed, with a long white towell William, Earl of Douglas, in' revenge, according to about his heed. His apparell was blacke, and his own some authors, of Ramsay's murder: although a popucolour browne, and a good horseman. The Crysten lar tradition, preserved in a ballad quoted by Godscroft, men say, they thoughte hie dyd such deeds of'armes for and some parts of which are still preserved, ascribes the love of some yonge ladye of his countrey. And the resentment of the earl to jealousy. The place where true it was, that he loved entirely the king of Thune's the Knight of Liddesdale was killed is called, from his daughter, named the Lady Azala; she was inherytour name, William-Cross, upon the ridge of a hill called to the realmte of Thune, after the discease of the king, William-flope, betwixt Tweed and Yarrow. His body, her father. This Agadinger was so to the Duke of according to Godscroft, was carried to Lindean church Olyferne. I can nat telle if they were married together the first night after his death, and thence to Melrose,

but it was shewed me, that this knyght, where lie was interred with great pomp, and where his for love of the sayd ladye, during the siege, did many tomb is still shown. feats of armes. The knyghtes of Fraunce would fayn have taken hym; but they colde never attrape nor

Note 9. Stanza xii.

The moon on the east oriel shone. inclose him, his horse was so swyft, and so redy to his hand, that alwaies he escaped.»--Vol. II, ch. 71.

It is impossible to conceive a more beautiful specimen

of the lightness and elegance of Gothic architecture, Stanza x,

when in its purity, than the eastern window of Melrose thy low and lonely urn,

Abbey. Sir James Hall of Dunglass, Bart., has, with O yallant chief of Otterburne.

great ingenuity and plausibility, traced the Gothic order The famous and desperate battle of Otterburne was through its various forms, and seemingly eccentric orfought 15th August, 1388, betwixt Henry Percy, called naments, to an architectural imitation of wicker work; Hotspur, and James, Earl of Douglas. Both these re of which, as we learn from some of the legends, the nowned champions were at the head of a chosen body earliest christian churches were constructed,

In such of troops, and they were rivals in military fame; so that an edifice, the original of the clustered pillars is traced Froissart affirms, « Of all the battaylles and encounter to a set of round posts, begirt with slender rods of wilyngs that I have made mencion of here before in all low, whose loose summits were brought to meet from this hystory, great or smalle, this batayle that I treat of all quarters, and bound together artificially, so as to nowe was one of the sorest and best foughten, without produce the frame-work of the roof; and the tracery cowardes or faynte herles; for there was neytner knyght of our Gothic windows is displayed in the meeting and nor squyer but that dyde his devoyre, and fought hande interlacing of rods and hoops, affording an inexhaustito hande. This batayle was lyke the batayle of Beche- ble variety of beautiful forms of open work. This inrell, the which was valiantly fought and endured.» The genious system is alluded to in the romance. Sir James issue of the contlict is well known : Percy was made Hall's Essay on Gothic Architecture is published in The prisoner, and the Scots won the day, dearly purchased Edinburgh Philosophical Transactions. by the death of their gallant general, the Earl of Doug

Note 10. Stanza xii. las, who was slain in the action. He was buried at Mel

"They sate them down on a marble stone, rose, beneath the high altar. « His obsequye was done

A Scottish monarch slept below. reverently, and on his bodye layde a tomb of stone, A large marble stone, in the chancel of Melrose, is and his baner hangyug over bym.»- Froissart, vol. II, pointed out as the monument of Alexander II., one of p. 161.

" There is something nffecting in the manner in which the old Note 8. Stanza x.

Prior of Lochleven turns from describing the death of the gallant -dark knight of Liddesdale.

Ramsay to the general sorrow which it excited : William Douglas, called the Knight of Liddesdale,

To tell you there of the manere.

It is bot sorrow for til here; flourished during the reign of David II. ; and was so dis

Ho wes the grettast merryd man tinguished by bis valour, that he was called the Flower

That ony cowth have thowcht of ihan, of Chivalry. Nevertheless, he tarnished his renown by

Of his state, or of maro be fare ; the cruel murder of Sir Alexander Ramsay of Dalhousie,

All meynt him, bath bettyr and war; originally his friend and brother in arms.

The ryche and puro bim menyd bath,

The king had conferred upon Ramsay the sheriffdom of Tevioldale, to which Douglas pretended some claim.

Some years ago a person digging for stones, about the old castlo

of Hermitage, broke into a vault containing a quantity of chaff, venge of this preference, the Knight of Liddesdale some bones, and pieces of iron; amongst others, the curb of an ancarne down upon Ramsay, while he was administering cient bridle

, which the author bas since given to the Earl of Daljustice at Hawick, seized and carried him off to his re

housie, under the impression, that it possibly may be a relique of

his brave ancestor. The worthy clorgy man of the parish has menmote and inaccessible castle of Hermitage, where he tioned this discovery in his statistical account of Castletown.

For of his dede was mekil skath.

lo re

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