the greatest of our early kings; others say it is the

Note 12. Stanza xiii. resting-place of Waldeve, one of the early abbots, who

--Salamanca's care. died in the odour of sanctity.

Spain, from the reliques, doubtless, of Arabian learn

ing and superstition, was accounted a favourite resiNote 11. Stanza xiii.

dence of magicians. Pope Sylvester, who actually imthe wondrous Michael Scott.

ported from Spain the use of the Arabian numerals, Sir Michael Scott of Balwearie flourished during the was supposed to have learned there the magic, for which 13th century, and was one of the ambassadors sent to lie was stigmatised by the ignorance of his age.-Wilbring the Maid of Norway to Scotland upon the death liam of Malmsbury, lib. ii, cap. 10. There were public of Alexander III. By à poetical anachronism, he is here schools, where magic, or rather the sciences 'supposed placed in a later æra. He was a man of much learning, to involve its mysteries, were regularly taught, at Tochietly acquired in foreign countries. He wrote a com- ledo, Seville, and Salamanca. In the latter city, they mentary upon Aristotle, printed at Venice in 1496; and were held in a deep cavern; the mouth of which was several treatises upon natural philosophy, from which walled up by Queen Isabella, wife of King Ferdinand. he appears to have been addicted to the abstruse studies -D'Autun on learned Incredulity, p. 45. These Spaof judicial astrology, alchemy, plıysiognomy, and chi-nish schools of magic are celebrated also by the Italian romancy. Hence pie passed among his contemporaries poets of romance: for a skilful magician. Dempster informs us, that he

Questa città di Tolleto solea remembers to have heard in his youth, that the magic

Tenere studio di negromanzia : books of Michael Scott were still in existence, but could

Quivi di magica arte si leggea not be opened without danger, on account of the ma

Pubblicamente e di piromanzia ; lignant fiends who were thereby invoked. Dempsteri

E molti geomanti sempre avea,

E sperimenti assai d' idromanzia
Historia Ecclesiastica, 1627, lib. xii, p. 495. Lesly cha-

E d'altre false opinion di sciocchi
racterises Michael Scott, as singulari philosophiæ, as-

Come è fattura, o spesso batter gli occhi. tronomiæ, ac medicinæ laude prestans; dicebatur pe

Il Morgante Maggiore, Canto xxv. St. 259. nitissimos magiæ recessus indagasse.» Dante also mentions him as a renowned wizard:

The celebrated magician Maugis, cousin to Rinaldo

of Montalban, called, by Ariosto, Malagigi, studied the Quell' alıro chè se' fianebi è cost pooo

black art at Toledo, as we learn from L'Histoire de Michele Scolto fu, che veramente

Maugis D'Aygremont. He even held a professor's chair Delle magiche frode seppe il giuoco.

in the necromantic university ; for so I interpret the DANTE.-Divina Cometlia, Canto XXmo.

passage, « qu'en tous les sept arts d'enchantement, des A personage, thus spoken of by biographers and his charmes et conjurations, il n'y avoit meilleur maistre torians, loses little of his mystical fame in vulgar tra- que lui; et en tel renom qu'on le laissoit en chaise, et dition. Accordingly, the memory of Sir Michael Scott l'appelloit on maistre Maugis.n This Salamancan survives in many a legend; and in the south of Scot- Domdaniel is said to have been founded by Hercules. land, any work of great labour and antiquity is as

If the classic reader enquires where Hercules himself cribed either to the agency of Auld Michael

, of Sir learned magic, he may consult « Les faiects et proesses William Wallace, or of the devil. Tradition varies con

du noble et vaillant Hercules,» where he will learn, that cerning the place of his burial; some contend for Holme che fable of his aiding Atlas to support the heavens, Coltrame, in Cumberland; others for Melrose Abbèy. noble knight-errant, the seven liberal sciences, and, in

arose from the said Atlas having taught Hercules, the But all agree, that his books of magic were interred in his grave, or preserved in the convent where he died. particular, that of judicial astrology. Such, according Satchells, wishing to give some authority for his account

to the idea of the middle ages, were the studies, of the origin of the name of Scott, pretends, that, in of Roderic, the last Gothic king of Spain, he is said to

« maximus quæ docuit Atlas.»—In a romantic history 1629, he chanced to be at Rurgh under Bowness, in Cumberland, where a person, named Lancelot Scott,

have entered one of those enchanted caverns. showed him an extract from Michael Scott's works, con- situated beneath an ancient tower near Toledo : and, taining that story:

when the iron gates, which secured the entrance, were

unfolded, there rushed forth so dreadful a whirlwind, He said the book which he gave me

that hitherto no one had dared to penetrate into its Was of Sir Michael Scot's historie ;

recesses. But Roderic, threatened with an invasion of Which history was never yet read through, Nor never will, for no man dare it do.

the Moors, resolved to enter the cavern; where he exYoung sebolars have pick'd out something

pected to find some prophetic intimation of the event From the contents, that dari pot read within. He carried me along ibe castle then,

of the war. Accordingly, his train being furnished with And shewd his written book hanging on an iron pin.

torches, so artificially composed, that the tempest could His writing pen did seem to me to be

not extinguish them, the king, with great difficulty, Of bardened metal, like steel, or accumie;

penetrated into a square hall, inscribed all over with The volume of it did seem so large to me,

Arabian characters. In the midst stood a colossal statue
As the book of Martyrs and Turks historie.
Then in the church he let me see

of brass, representing a Saracen wielding a Moorish A stone where Mr Michael Scott did lie;

mace, with which it discharged furious blows on all I asked at him how that could appear,

sides, and seemed thus to excite the tempest which Mr Michael had been dead above tivo hundred year! He shew'd me none durst bury under that stone,

raged around. Being conjured by Roderic, it ceased More than he had been dead a few years agone;

from striking, until he read, inscribed on the right For Mr Michael's name douh terrify each one.

hand, « Wretched monarch, for thy evil hast thou come History of the Right Honourable Name of Scout. hither;» on the left hand, « Thou shalt be dispossessed

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by a strange people ;» on one shoulder, « I invoke the servant, who waited without, hallood upon the dissons of Hagar ;» on the other « I do mine office.» comfited wizard his own greyhounds, and pursued him When the king had decyphered these ominous inscrip- so close, that, in order to obtain a moment's breathing tions, the statue returned to its exercise, the tempest to reverse the charm, Michael, after a very fatiguing commenced anew, and Roderic retired, to mourn over course, was fain to take refuge in his own jaw-hole the predicted evils which approached his throne. He (anglice, common sewer). In order to revenge himself caused the gates of the cavern to be locked and barri- of the witch of Falsehope, Michael, one morning in the caded; but, in the course of the night, the tower fell ensuing harvest, went to the hill above the house with with a tremendous noise, and under its ruins concealed his dogs, and sent down his servant to ask a bit of for ever the entrance to the mystic cavern. The con- bread from the goodwife for his greyhounds, with quest of Spain by the Saracens, and the death of the instructions what to do if he met with a denial. Acunfortunate Don Roderic, fulfilled the prophecy of the cordingly, when the witch had refused the boon with brazen statuc. Historia verdadera del Rey Don Rodrigo contumcly, the servant, as his master had directed, laid por el sabio Alcayde Abulcacim, traduzeda de la above the door a paper, which he lrad given him, conlengua Arabiga por Miquel de Luna, 1654, cap. vi. taining, amongst many cabalistical words, the wellNote 13. Stanza xiii.

known rhyme,

Maister Michael Scott's mau
The bells would ring in Notre Dame.

Sought meat and gat nane. « Tnntamne rem tam negligenter ?»' says Tyrwhitt, Immediately the good old woman, instead of pursuing of his predecessor Speight ; who, in his commentary on her domestic ation, which was baking bread for Chaucer, had omitted, as trivial and fabulous, the story the reapers, began to dance round the fire, repeating of Wade and his boat Guingelot, to the great prejudice the rhyme, and continued this exercise till her husband of posterity, the memory of the hero and the boat being sent the reapers to the house, one after another, to see now entirely lost. That future antiquaries may lay no what had delayed their provisions ; but the charm such omission to my charge, I have noted one or two caught each as they entered, and, losing all idea of reof the most current traditions concerning Michael turning, they joined in the dance and chorus. At Scott. He was chosen, it is said, to go upon an em-length the old man himself went to the house; but as bassy, to obtain from the King of France satisfaction his wife's frolic with Mr Michael, whom he had seen on for certain piracies committed by his subjects upon the hill, made him a little cautious, he contented himthose of Scotland. Instead of preparing a new equipage self with looking in at the window, and saw the reapers and splendid retinue, the ambassador retreated to his at their involuntary exercise, dragging his wife, now study, opened his book, and evoked a fiend in the shape completely exhausted, sometimes round, and sometimes of a huge black horse, mounted upon his back, and through the fire, which was, as usual, in the midst of forced him to fly through the air towards France. As the house. Instead of entering, he saddled a horse, rode they crossed the sea, the devil insidiously asked his up the hill, to humble himself before Michael, and beg rider, What it was that the old women of Scotland a cessation of the spell ; which the good-natured warmuttered at bed-time? A less experienced wizárd might lock immediately granted, directing him to enter the have answered, that it was the later Noster, which house backwards, and, with his left hand, take the spell would have licensed the devil to precipitate him from from above the door; which accordingly ended the his back. But Michael sternly replied, « What is that superpatural dance. This tale was told less particularly to thee? Mount, Diabolus, and fly!» When he arrived in former editions, and I have been censured for inacat Paris, he tied his borse to the gate of the palace, en-curacy in doing so.-A similar charm occurs in Huon tered, and boldly delivered his message. An ambassador, du Bourdeaux, and in the ingenious Oriental tale called with so little of the pomp and circumstance of diplo-the Caliph Vathck. macy, was not received with much respect, and the Notwithstanding his victory over the witch of Falseking was about to return a contemptuous refusal to his hope, Michael Scott, like his predecessor Merlin, fell at demand, when Michael besought him to suspend his last a victim to female art. His wife, or concubine, resolution till he had seen his horse stamp thrce timesi elicited from him the secret, that his art could ward The first stamp shook every steeple in Paris, and caused off any danger except the poisonous qualities of broth, all the bells to ring; the second threw down three of made of the flesh of a breme sow. Such a mess she the towers of the palace; and the infernal steed had accordingly administered to the wizard, who died in lifted his broof to give the third stamp,' when the king consequence of eating it; surviving, however, long rather chose to dismiss Michael, with the most ample enough to put to death his treacherous confidant. concessions, than to stand to the probable consequences. Another time it is said, that, when residing at the tower

Note 14. Stanza xiji. of Oakwood, upon the Ettrick, about three miles above

The words that cleft Eildon hills in three, Selkirk, he heard of the fame of a sorceress, called the

And bridled the Tweed with a curb of stone. witch of Falsehope, who lived on the opposite side of Michael Scott was, once upon a time, much emthe river. Michael went one morning to put her skill to barrassed by a spirit, for whom he was under the nethe test, but was disappointed, by her denying positively cessity of finding constant employment. He commanded any knowledge of the necromantic art. In his dis- him to build a cauld, or dam-head, across the Tweed at course with her, he laid his wand inadvertently on the Kelso; it was accomplished in one night, and still docs table, which the hag observing, suddenly snatched it honour to the infernal architect. Michael next ordered, up, and struck him with it. Feeling the force of the that Eildon hills, which was then a uniform cone, charm, he rushed out of the house; but, as it had con- should be divided into three. Another night was suffiferred on him the external appearance of a hare, his cient to part its summit into the three picturesque

peaks which it now bears. At length the enchanter Nails. « And then the emperour entered into the castle conquered this indefatigable demon, by employing him with all his folke, and sought all aboute in every corner in the hopeless and endless task of making ropes out of after Virgilius; and at the last they soughte so long, sea-sand.

that they came into the seller, where they sawe the Note 15. Stanza xvii.

lampe hang over the barrell where Virgilius lay in deed. That lamp shall burn unquencbably

Then asked the emperor the man, who had made liym Baptista Porta, and other authors who treat of na so herdy to put his mayster Virgilius so to dethe; and tural magic, talk much of eternal lamps, pretended to the man answered no word to the emperour. And have been found burning in ancient sepulchres. For then the emperour, with great anger, drewe out his tunius Licctus investigates the subject in a treatise, i sworde, and slewe he there Virgilius' man. And when De Lucernis antiquorum reconditis, published at Ve- ! all this was done, then sawe the emperour, and all his nice, 1621. One of these perpetual lamps is said to folke, a naked childe iii tymes rennynge about the have been discovered in the tomb of Tulliola, the barrell, sayinge these wordes, 'Cursed be the tyme that daughter of Cicero. The wick was supposed to be ye ever came here! And with those wordes vanyshed composed of asbestos. Kircher enumerates three dif- the chylde awaye, and was never sene ageyne ; and thus ferent receipts for constructing such lamps, and wisely abyd Virgilius in the barrell deed.» Virgilius, bl. let. concludes, that the thing is nevertheless impossible. - printed at Antwerpe by John Doesborcke. This cuMundus Subterraneus, p. 72., Delrio imputes the rious volume is in the valuable library of Mr Douce; fabrication of such lights to magical skill.-Disquisi- and is supposed to be a translation from the French, tiones Magicæ, p. 58. In a very rare romance, which printed in Flanders for the English market. See Goujet « treateth of the lyfe of Virgilius, and of his death, and Biblioth. Franc. ix, 225. Catalogue de la Bibliothèque many marvayles that he dyd in his lyfe-time, by wyche Nationale, tom. II, p. 5. De Bure, No. 3857. crafte and nygramancye, throughe the help of the devyls of hell,» mention is made of a very extraordinary

Note 16. Stanza xxi. process, in which one of these mystical lamps was

He thought, as he took it, the dead man frown'd. employed. It seems, that Virgil, as he advanced in

William of Deloraine might be strengthened in this years, became desirous of renovating his youth by his belief by the well-known story of the Gd Ruy Diaz. magical art. For this purpose he constructed a solitary When the body of that famous christian champion tower, having only one narrow portal, in which he

was sitting in state by the high altar of the cathedral placed twenty-four copper figures, armed with iron church of Toledo, where it remained for ten years, a flails, twelve on each side of the porch. These en certain malicious Jew attempted to pull him by the chanted statues struck with their flails incessantly, and beard; but he had no sooner touched the formidable rendered all entrance impossible, unless when Virgil whiskers, than the corpse started up, and half untouched the spring which stopped their motion. To sheathed his sword. The Israclite tled; and so perthis tower he repaired privately, attended by one trusty manent was the effect of his terror, that he became servant, to whom he communicated the secret of the Christian. -Heywood's Hierarchie, p. 480, quoted from entrance, and hither they conveyed all the magician's Sebastian Cobarruvias Crozee.

« Then sayde Virgilius, my'dere beloved friende, and he that I above alle men trust and knowe

Note 17. Stanza xxxi. mooste of my secrete ; » and then he led the man into a

The baron's Dwarf his courser beld.
cellar, where he made a fayer lamp at all seasons Tire idea of Lord Cranstoun's goblin-page is taken
burnynge. And then sayd Virgilius to the man, « See from a being called Gilpin Horner, who appeared, and
you the barrel that standeth here ?» and he sayd, « Yea: made some stay, at a farm-house near the Border
Therein must you put me : fyrste

must slec and

mountains, A gentleman of that country has noted
hewe me smalle to pieces, and cut my hed in qüi pieces, dowo the following particulars concerning his appear-
and salte the heed under in the bottom, and then the ance:
pieces there after, and my berte in the myddel, and

« The only certain, at least, most probable account, then set the barrel under the lampe, that nyghite and that ever I heard of Gilpin Horner, was from an old day the fat therein may droppe and leak;, and ye shall man of the name of Anderson, who was born, and lived ix dayes long, ones in the day, fyll the lampe, and fayle all his life, at Todshaw-hvill, in Eskdale-muir, the place nat. And when this is all done, then shall I be renucd, where Gilpin appeared and staid for some time. Ile and made younge agen.» At this extraordinary pro- said there were two men, late in the evening, when it posal, the confidant was sorc abashed, and made some was growing dark, employed io fastening the horses scruple of obeying his master's commands. At length, upon the uttermost part of the ground (that is, tying however, be complied, and Virgil was slain, pickled, their fore-feet together, to hinder them from travelling and barrelled up, in all respects according to his own far in the night), when they beard a voice, at some direction. The servant then left the tower, taking care distance, crying, 'Tint! tint! tint'!' one of the men, to put the copper thrashers in motion at his departure. named Moffat, called out, “What de'il has tint you? Hle continued daily 19 visit the tower with the same Come here. Immediately a creature, of something precaution. Meanwhile, the emperor, with whom Virgil like a human form, appeared. It was surprisingly was a great favourite, missed him from the court, and little, distorted in features, and mis-shapen in limbs. demanded of his servant where he was. The domestic As soon as the two men could see it plainly, they ran pretended ignorance, till the emperor threatened him home in a great fright, imagining they bad met with with death, when at length be conveyed him to the en some goblin. By the way Moffat fell, and it ran over chanted tower. The same threat extorted a discovery of the mode of stopping the statues from wielding their 1 Tint signifies lost.




It was once


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him, and was home at the house as soon as either of repledged by the archbishop of Glasgow. The bail them, and staid there a long time; but I cannot say given by obert Scott of Allenhangh, Adam Scolt of how long. It was real flesh and blood, and ate and Burnefute, Roberl Scott in Ilowfurde, Walter Scout in drank, was fond of cream, and, when it could get at it, Todshawhough, Walter Scott younger of Synton, Thowould destroy a great deal. It seemed a mischievous mas Scott of Hayning, Robert Scott, William Scott, creature; and any of the children whom it could master, and James Scott, brothers of the said Walter Scott, it would beat and scratch without mercy.

Walter Scott in the Woll, and Walter Scott, son of abusing a child belonging to the same Moffat, who had William Scott of larden, and James Wemyss in Eckbeen so frightened by its first appearance ; and lie, in a ford, all accused of the same crime, is declared to be passion, struck it so violent a blow upon the side of the forfeited. On the same day, Walter Scoct of Synton, head, that it tumbled upon the ground: but it was not and Walter Chisholme of Chisholme, and William Scout stunned; for it set up its head directly, and exclaimed, of Harden, became bound, jointly and severally, that “Ah hah, Will o' lloffat, you strike sair,!" (viz, sore.) Sir Peter Cranstoun, and his kindred and servants, After it had staid there long, one evening, when the should receive no injury from them in future. At the women were milking the cows in the loan, it was play- same time, Patriek Murray of Fallohill, Alexander ing among the children near by them, when suddenly Stuart, uncle to the laird of Trakwhare, John Murray they heard a loud shrill voice cry, three times, 'Gilpin of Newhall, John Fairlye, residing in Selkirk, George Horner!" It started, and said, “That is me, I must away, | Tait younger of Pirn, John Pennycuke of Pennycuke, and instantly disappeared, and was never heard of James Ranısay of Cokpen, the Laird of Fassyde, and the

Old Anderson did not remember it, but said, Laird of Henderstoune, were all severally fined for not he had often heard his father, and other old men in attending as jurors ; being probably either in alliance the place, who were there at the time, speak about it; with the accused parties, or dreading their vengeance. and in my younger years I have often heard it men- Upon the 20th of July following, Scott of Synton, tioned, and never met with any who had the remotest Chisholme of Chisholme, Scott of Harden, Scott of doubt'as to the truth of the story; although, I must Howpaslie, Scott of Burnfute, with many others, are own, I cannot help thinking there must be some mis- ordered to appear at next calling, under the pains of representation in it,»-To this account I have to add treason. But no farther procedure seems to have taken the following particulars from the most respectable place. It is said, that, upon this rising, the kirk of authority. Besides constantlý repeating the word tin!! Saint Mary's was burned by the Scofts. tint! Gilpin Hornet was often heard to call


Bertram or Be-teram, as he pronounced the word: and
when the shrill voice called Gilpo Horner, he imme-
diately acknowledged it was the summons of the said

Peter Bertram, who seems therefore to have been the
devil who had tint, or lost, the little imp. As much
has been objected to Gilpin Horner, on account of his

Note 1. Stanza in.
being supposed rather a device of the author than a

When, dancing in the sunny beam, popular superstition, I can only say, that no legend

He mark'd the crape on the barga's creat. which I ever heard seemed to be more universally

The crest of the Cranstouns, in allusion to their credited, and that many persons of a very good rank and considerable information are well known to repose with an emphatic Border motto, Thou shalt want ere

name, is a crane dormant, holding a stone in his foot,
absolute faith in the traditiom
Note 18. Stanza xxxiii.

Note 2. Stanza viii.
But the Ladye of Branksome gather'd a band,

Much he marvell de a knight of pride:

Like a book-bosom'd priest should ride.
« Upon the 25th June, 1557, Dame Janet Beautoune « At Unthank, two miles N. E. from the church (of
Lady Buccleuch, and a greaļ number of the name of Ewes), there are the ruins of a chapel for dirine service,
Scott, delatit (accused) for coming to the kirk of St in time of popery. There is a tradition, that friars
Mary of the Lowes, to the number of two hundred per-

were wont to come from Melrose, or Jedburgh, to bap-
sons bodin in feire' of weire (arrayed in armour), and tize and marry in this parish; and, from being in use
breaking open the doors of the said kirk, in order to to carry the mass-book in their bosoms, they were
apprehend the laird of Cranstoune for his destruction.» called, by the inhabitants, Book-a-bosomes. There is a
On the 20ih July, a warcant from the queen is pre man yet alive,' who knew old men who had been bap-
sented, discharging the justice to proceed against the. tized by these Book-a-bosomes, and who says one of
Lady Buccleuch while new calling. Abridgment of them, called llair, used this parish "for a very long
Books of Adjournal in Advocates' Library.— The fol- time.»— Account of Parish of Ewes, apud MACFARLANE's
lowing proceedings upon this case appear on the record MSS.
of the Court of Justiciary: On the 25th of June, 1557,

Note 3. Sıạnza ix.
Robert Scott, of Bowlull parislı, priest of the kirk of

It had much of glamour Inight.
St Mary's, accused of the convocation of the Queen's Glamour, in the legends of Scottish superstition,
lieges, to the number of 200 persons, in warlike array, means the magic power of imposing, on the eye-sight
with jacks, helmets, and other weapons, and marching of the spectators, so that the appearance of an object
to the chapel of St Mary of the Lowes, for the slaughter shall be totally different from the reality. The trans-
of Sir Peter Cranstoun, out of ancient feud and malice formation of Michael Scole' by the witch of Falschope,
prepense, and of breaking the doors of the said kirk, is already mentioned, was a genuinc operation of glamour

I want,

Of the best that would ride at her command.


To a similar charm the ballad of Johnny La imputes lle could wirk windaris, quhat way that be wald ; the fascination of the lovely countess, who loped with

Mak a gray gus a gold garland,

A lang spere of a bittile for a herne bad, that gipsey leader :

Nobilis of nutschelles, and silver of sand,
Sac soon as they saw ber weel-fard face,
They cast the glamour o'er her.

Thus jonk it will juxtors the janglane ja,

Fair ladres in ringis, . It was formerly used even in war. In 1381, when

knychris în caralyngis, the Duke of Anjou lay before a strong eastle, upon the

Baythe dansis and singis, coast of Naples, a necromancer offered to « make the

It somyt as sa. ayre so thycke, that they within shall thynke that there

Note 4. Stanza x. is a great bridge on the see (by which the castle was

Now, if you ask who gave the stroke, surrounded), for ten men to go a front'; and whan they

I cannot rell, so mot I thrive; within the castle se this bridge, they wil be so afrayde,

It was not given by man alive that they shall yelde them to your mercy. The Duke Dr Henry More, in a letter prefixed to Glanville's Sademanded— Fayre master, on this bridge that ye speke ducismus Triumphutus, mentious a similar phenomenon. of, may our people go thereou assuredly to the castell « I remember an old gentleman in the country of my to assayle it?-Syr, quod the enchantour, I dare not acquaintance, an exeeilent justice of peace, and a piece as ure you that; for if any that passeth on the bridge of a mathematician; but what kind of a plnilosopher he inake the signe of the crosse on hym, all shall go

was, you may understand from a rhyme of his own noughte, and they that be on the bridge shall fall into making, which he commended to me at my taking the sec. — Then the Duke began to laugh; and a certain horse in his yard, which rlıyme is this: of young kniglates, that were there present, said, Syr,

Ens is nothing till sense finds out; for godsake, let the mayster essay his cunning; we shal

Senso ends in nothing, so naught goes about. leve making of any signe of the crosse on us for that which rhyme of his was so rapturous to himself, that, tyme.» The Earl of Savoy, shortly after, entered the on the reciting of the second verse, the old man turned lent, and recognized in the enchanter the same person himself about upon his toe as nimbly as one may obwho had put the castle into the power of Sir Charles serve a dry leaf wliisked round in the corner of an or de la Payx, who then held it, by persuading the garrison chard-walk by some liue whirlwind. With this pliiof the Queen of Naples, through magical deception, losopher I have had many discourses concerning the that the sea was coming over the walls. The sage; immortality of the soul and its distinction; when I have avowed the feat, and added, that he was the man in the run him quite down by reason,, he would but laugh at world most dreaded by Sir Charles de la Payx. «By me, and say, this is logic, H. (calling me by my christian my faytlı, quod the Erl of Savoy, ye say well; and 1 name); to which I replied, this is reason, father L. (for will that Syr Charles de la Payx shall know that he hath | 1 used, and some others, to call him so); but it seems gret wronge to fear you. But I shalt assure him of you are for the new lights, and immediate inspiration, you;


ye shall never do enchauntment to deceyve which I confess he was as little for as for the other; him, nor yet none other. I wolde nat that in lyme to but I said so only in way of drollery to him in those come we shoulde be reproached that in so high an times, but truth is, nothing but palpable experience enterprise as we be in, wherein there be so many noble would move him; and being a bold man, and fearing knyghtes and squyres assembled, that we shulde do any nothing, he told me he lead used all the magical cere thyng be enchauntment, nor that we shalde wyn our monies of conjuration he could, to raise the devilor a enemys by suche crafte. Then he called to him a ser- spirit, and had a most earnest desire to meet with one, vaunt, and sayd, go and get a liangman, and let him but never could do it. But this lie told me, when he stryke of this mayster's" heed without delay; and as did not so inuch as think of it, while his servant was sone as the Erle had commaunded it, incontynent it pulling off his boots, in the hall, some invisible hand was done, for his heed was stryken off before the Erle's gave liim such a ciap upon the back, that it made all tent.»—FROISSART, vol. I, ch. 391, 392.

ring again: so, thiought he now, I am invited to the conThe art oylamour, or other fascination, was anciently verse of my spirit, and therefore, so soon as his boots a principal part of the skill of the jongleur, or juggler, were off, and his shoes on, out he goes into the yard whose tricks formed much of the amusement of a Go- and next field, to find out the spirit that had given him thic castle. Some instances of this art may be found this familiar clap on the back, but found none neither in the Minstrelsy of the Scottish Border, vol. II, p. 119. in the yard nor field next to it. In a strange allegorical poem, called the Houlat, writ

« But though he did not feel this stroke, albeit he ten by a dependent of the house of Douglas, about thought it afterwards (finding nothing come of it) a 1452-3, the jay, in an assembly of birds, plays the part mere delusion; yet not long before his death, it had of the juggler. His feats of glamour are thus described: more force with brim than all the philosophical argu

ments I could use to him, though I could wind him and He gart them see, as it semyt, in samyn hour, Hunting at herdis in holiis so hair;

non-plus him as I pleased; but yet all my arguments, Some sailand on tbe see schippis of toure,

how solid soever, made no impression upon him ;

wherefore, after several reasonings of this nature, whereHe coulde carye ibe coup of the kingis des, Syne leve in the stede,

by I wonld prove to him the soul's distinction from the But a black bunwede ;

body, and its immortality, when nothing of such subtle lle could of a henis hode,

considerations did any more exccution on his mind

than some lightning is said to do, though it melts the lle gart the emprouie trox, and trewlye behald, That the corncrak, the pundare at band,

sword, on the fuzzy consistency of the scabbard Rad poyndit all his pris hors in a poynd fald,

Well, said I, father L., though none of these things move Because thai ete of the corn in the kirkland.

you, I have something still behind, and what yourself

Bernis battalland on burd brim as a bare :

Make a man mes.

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