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XVII.

called Pausayl, runs by the east side of this church-yard O hero of a race renown'd of old,

into the Tweed ; at the side of which burn, a little beWhose war-cry oft has waked the battle-swell, (20)

low the church-yard, the famous prophet Merlin is said Since first distinguish d in the onset bold,

to be buried. The particular place of his grave, at the Wild sounding when the Roman rampart fell!

root of a thorn-tree, was shown mé many years ago, by By Wallace' side it rung the southron's knell,

the old and reverend minister of the place, Mr Richard Alderne, Kilsythe, and Tibber own'd its fame,

Brown; and here was the old prophecy fulfilled, deliTummeli's rude pass can of its terrors tell ;

vered in Scots rhyme, to this purpose : But ne'er from prouder field arose the name,

When Tweed and Pausayl join at Merlin's grave,
Than when wild Ronda learn'd the conquering shout of

Scotland and England shall one monarch have.
GREME!

« For the same day that our King James the Sixth XVIII.

was crowned King of England, the river Tweed, by an But all too long, through seas unknown and dark, extraordinary flood, so far overflowed its banks, that it (With Spenser's parable I close my tale)

met and joined with Pausayl at the said grave, which By shoal and rock hath steer'd my venturous bark, was never before observed to fall out.»—PENNYCUICK'S And landward now I drive before the gale.

Description of Tweeddale, Edinb. 1715, 4. p. 26. And now the blue and distant shore I hail, And nearer now I see the port expand,

Note 2. Introduction. Stanza viii. And now I gladly furl my weary sail,

where the lingering fays renew their ring

By milk-maid seen beneath the hawtborn hoar, And, as the prow light touches on the strand,

Or round the marge of Minch more's haunted spring. I strike my red-cross flag, and bind my skiff to land.

A belief in the existence and nocturnal revels of the fairies still lingers among the vulgar in Selkirkshire. A

copious fountain upon the ridge of Minchmore, called NOTES.

the Cheesewell, is supposed to be sacred to these fanciful spirits, and it was customary to propitiate them by throwing in something upon passing it. A pin was the

usual oblation, and the ceremony is still sometimes Note 1. Introduction. Stanza iv.

practised, though rather in jest than earnest. And Cattraeth's glens with voice of triumph rung,

Note 3. Introduction. Stanza ix. And mystic Merlin harp'd and gray-hair'd Llywarch sung.

-yerse spontaneons. Tuis locality may startle those readers who do not recollect, that much of the ancient poetry, preserved in

The flexibility of the Italian and Spanish languages, Wales, refers less to the history of the principality to and perhaps the liveliness of their genius, renders these which that name is now limited, than to events which countries distinguished for the talent of improvvisation, happened in the north-west of England and south-west which is found even among the lowest of the people. It of Scotland, where the Britons for a long time made a

is mentioned by Baretti and other travellers. stand against the Saxons. The battle of Cattraeth, la

Note 4. Introduction. Stanza ix. mented by the celebrated Aneurin, is supposed by the

-- the deeds of Graeme. learned Dr Leyden to have been fought on the skirts of Over a name sacred for ages to heroic verse, a poet Ettrick forest. It is known to the English reader by may be allowed to exercise some power. I have used the paraphrase of Gray, beginning,

the freedom, here and elsewhere, to alter the orthograHad I but the torrent's might,

phy of the name of my gallant countryman, in order to With headlong rage and wild affright, etc.

apprise the southern reader of its legitimate sound;

Graham being, on the other side of the Tweed, usually But it is not so generally known that the champions, mourned in this beautiful dirge, were the British inha- pronounced as a dissyllable. bitants of Edinburgh, who were cut off by the Saxons

Note 5, Stanza iv. of Deiria, or Northumberland, about the latter part of

For fair Florinda's plunder'd charms to pay. the sixth century.–TURNER's History of the Anglo-Sax Almost all the Spanish historians, as well as the voice ons, edition 1799, vol. I, p. 222.-Llywarch, the cele- of tradition, ascribe the invasion of the Moors to the brated bard and monarch, was Prince of Argwood, in forcible violation committed by Roderick upon FloCumberland; and his youthful exploits were performed rinda, called by the Moors Caba or Cava. She was the upon the Border, although in his age he was driven into daughter of Count Julian, one of the Gothic monarch's Powys by the successes of the Anglo-Saxons. As for principal lieutenants, who, when the crime was perpeMerlin Wyllt, or the Savage, his name of Caledonia, and trated, was engaged in the defence of Ceuta against the his retreat into the Caledonian wood, appropriate him Moors. In his indignation at the ingratitude of his soto Scotland. Fordun dedicates the thirty-first chapter vereign, and the dishonour of his daughter, Count Juof the third book of his Scotochronicon, to a narration lian forgot the duties of a christian and a patriot, and, of the death of this celebrated bard and prophet near forming an alliance with Musa, then the caliph's lieuDrummelzier, a village upon Tweed, which is supposed tenant in Africa, he countenanced the invasion of to have derived its name (quasi Tumulus Merlini) from Spain by a body of Saracens and Africans, commanded the event. The particular spot in which he is buried by the celebrated Tarik ; the issue of which was the is still shown, and appears, from the following quota- defeat and death of Roderick, and the occupation of tion, to have partaken of his prophetic qualities:-- «There almost the whole peninsula by the Moors. Voltaire, in is one thing remarkable here, which is, that the burn, bis General History, expresses his doubts of this popu

lar story, and Gibbon gives him some countenance. magnificent structure, though much dilapidated by But the universal tradition is quite sufficient for the time, which consumes all : four estadoes (i. e. four purposes of poetry. The Spaniards, in detestation of times a man's height) below it, there was a cave with a Florinda's memory, are said, by Cervantes, never to be very narrow entrance, and a gate cut out of the solid stow that name upon any human female, reserving it rock, lined with a strong covering of iron, and fastened for their dogs. Nor is the tradition less inveterate with many locks; above the gate some Greek letters are among the Moors, since the same author mentions a engraved, which, although abbreviated, and of doubtful promontory on the coast of Barbary, called « The Cape meaning, were thus interpreted according to the expoof Caba Rumia, which, in our longue, is the Cape of sition of learned men :- The king who opens this cave, the Wicked Christian woman; and it is a tradition and can discover the wonders, will discover both good among the Moors, that Caba, the daughter of Count and evil things.'— Many kings desired to know the Julian, who was the cause of the loss of Spain, lies bu- mystery of this tower, and sought to find out the manricd there, and they think it ominous to be forced into ner with much care: but when they opened ihe gate, that bay; for they never go in otherwise than by ne- such a tremendous noise arose in the cave, that it apcessity.»

peared as if the earth was bursting; many of those pre. Note 6. Stanza x.

sent sickened with fear, and others lost their lives. In And guide me, priest, to that mysterious room,

order to prevent such great perils (as they supposed a Where, if aught true in old tradition be,

dangerous enchantment was contained within), they seHis nation's future fate a Spanish king sball see.

cured the gate with new locks, concluding, that though The transition of an incident from history to tradi- a king was destined to open it, the fated time was not tion, and from tradition to fable and romance, becom- yet arrived. At last King Don Rodrigo, led on by his ing more marvellous at each step from its original sim- evil fortune and unlucky destiny, opened the tower; plicity, is not ill exemplified in the account of the and some bold attendants whom he had brought with « Fated Chamber» of Don Roderick, as given by his him entered, although agitated with fear. Having pronamesake, the historian of Toledo, contrasted with sub-ceeded a good way, they fled back to the entrance, tersequent and more romantic accounts of the same sub- rified with a frightful vision which they had beheld. terranean discovery. I give the Archbishop of Toledo's The king was greatly moved, and ordered many torches, tale in the words of Nonius, who seems to intimate so contrived that the tempest in the cave could not ex(though very modestly), that the fatale palatium, of tinguish them, to be lighted. Then the king entered, which so much had been said, was only the ruins of a not without fear, before all the others. They discovered, Roman amphitheatre.

by degrees, a splendid hall, apparently built in a very « Extra muros, septentrionem versus, vestigia magni sumptuous manner; in the middle slood a bronze staolim theatri sparsa visuntur. Auctor est Rodericus tue of very ferocious appearance, which held a battleToletanus Archiepiscopus ante Arabum in Hispanias ir-axe in its hands. With this he struck the floor violentruptionem, hic fatale palatium fuisse; quod invicti ly, giving it such heavy blows, that the noise in the cave vectes, eterna ferri robora claudebant, ne reseratum was occasioned by the motion of the air. The king, Hispanix excidium adferret; quod in fatis non vulgus greatly affrighted and astonished, began to conjure this solum, sed et prudentissimi quique credebant. Sed terrible vision, promising that he would return without Roderici ultimi Gothorum Regis animum infelix curio- doing any injury in the cave, after he had obtained sitas subiit, sciendi quid sub tot vetitis claustris obser- sight of what was contained in it. The statue ceased to varetur; ingentes ibi superiorum regum opes et arca - strike the floor, and the king, with his followers, somenos thesauros servari ratus. Seras et pessulos perfringi what assured, and recovering their courage, proceeded curat, invitis omnibus, nihil præter arculam repertam, into the hall; and on the left of the statue they found et in ea linteum, quo explicato nová et insolentes ho- this inscription on the wall; ` Unfortunate king, thou minum facies habitusque apparuere, cum inscriptione hast entered here in evil hour. On the right side of Latina, Hispaniæ excidium ab illa gente imminere ; the wall these words were inscribed, ' by strange nations vultus habitusque Maurorum erant. Quamobrem ex thou shalt be dispossessed, and thy subjects foully deAfrica tantam cladem instare regi cæterisque persua- graded. On the shoulders of the statue other words sum, nec falso ut Hispaniæ annales etiamnum querun- were written, which said, 'I call upon the Arabs.' Aud tur.»- Hispania Ludovic. Nonii, cap. lix.

upon his breast was written. “I do my office.' At the en. But about the term of the expulsion of the Moors trance of the hall there was placed a round bowl, from from Grenada, we find, in the « Historia Verdadera del which a great noise, like the fall of waters, proceeded. Rey Don Rodrigo,» a (pretended) translation from the They found no other thing in the hall; and when the king, Arabic of the sage Alcayde Albucacim Tarif Abenta- sorrowful and greatly affected, had scarcely turned about rique, a legend which puts to shame the modesty of the to leave the cavern, the statue again commenced its achistorian Roderick, with his chest and prophetic pic- customed blows upon the floor. After they had mu

The custom of ascribing a pretended Moorish tually promised to conceal what they had seen, they original to these legendary histories is ridiculed by again closed the tower, and blocked up the gate of the Cervantes, who affects to translate the history of the cavern with earth, that no memowy might remain in the Knight of the Woful Figure, from the Arabic of the world of such a portentous and evil-boding prodigy. sage Cid Hamet Benengeli. As I have been indebted to The ensuing midnight they heard great cries and clathe Historia Verdadera for some of the imagery em- mour from the cave, resounding like the noise of a ployed in the text, the following literal translation from battle, and the ground shaking with a tremendous roar; the work itself may gratify the inquisitive reader :-- the whole edifice of the old tower fell to the ground,

« One mile on the east side of the city of Toledo, by which they were greatly affrighted, the vision which among some rocks, was situated an ancient tower, of a they had beheld appearing to them as a dream.

ture.

cens.

mascus :

« The king, having left the tower, ordered wise men over to the infidels. He joined Count Julian, with to explain what the inscriptions signified ; and having whom was a great number of Goths, and both together consulted upon and studied their meaning, they de- fell upon the flank of our army. Our men, terrified clared that the statue of bronze, with the motion which with that unparalleled treachery, and tired with fightit made with its battle-axe, signified Time; and that its ing, could no longer sustain that charge, but were easily office, alluded to in the inscription on his breast, was, put to flight. The king performed the part not only of that he never rests a single moment. The words on the a wise general but of a resolute soldier, relieving the shoulders, 'I call upon the Arabs,' they expounded that weakest, bringing on fresh men in place of those that in time Spain would be conquered by the Arabs. The were tired, and stopping those that turned their backs. words upon the left wall signified the destruction of At length, seeing no hope left, he alighted out of his King Rodrigo; those on the right, the dreadful calami- chariot for fear of being taken, and, mounting on a ties which were to fall upon the Spaniards and Goths, horse, called Orelia, he withdrew out of the battle. The and that the unfortunate king would be dispossessed Goths, who still stood, missing him, were most part put of all his states. Finally, the letters on the portal in to the sword, the rest betook themselves to flight. The dicated, that good would betide to the conquerors, and camp was immediately entered, and the baggage taken. evil to the conquered, of which experience proved the What number was killed is not known: I suppose they truth.»--Historia Verdadera del Rey Don Rodrigo. were so many it was hard to count them; for this sinQuinta edicion. Madrid, 1654, 4. p. 23.

gle battle robbed Spain of all its glory, and in it pe

rished the renowned name of the Goths. The king's Note 7. Stanza xix.

horse, upper garment, and buskins, covered with The Tecbir war-cry, and the Lelies' yell.

pearls and precious stones, were found on the bank of The Tecbir (derived from the words Alla acbar, God the river Guadelite, and their being no news of him afis most mighty,) was the original war-cry of the Sara- terwards, it was supposed he was drowned passiog the It is celebrated by Hughes in the «Siege of Da- river.»— Mariana's History of Spain, book vi. chap. 9.

Orelia, the courser of Don Roderick, mentioned in We heard the Tecbir ; 80 these Arabs call

the text, and in the above quotation, was celebrated for Their shout of onset, when with loud appeal

her speed and form. She is mentioned repeatedly in They challenge Heaven, as if demanding conquest. Spanish romance, and also by Cervantes. The Lelie, well-known to the christians during the

Note 9. Stanza xxxiii. crusades, is the shout of Alla illa Alla, the Mahommedan confession of faith. It is twice used in poetry by my

When for the light bolero ready stand

The Mozo blithe, with gay Mucbacha met. friend Mr W. Stuart Rose, in the Romance of Partenopex, and in the Crusade of St Lewis.

The bolero is a very light and active dance, much

practised by the Spaniards, in which castanels are alNote 8. Stanza xxi.

Mozo and Muchacha are equivalent to our
By Heaven, the Moors prevail!--the christians yield! phrase of lad and lass.

Their coward leader gives for flight the sign!
The scepter'd craven mounts to quit the field

Note 10. Stanza xliii.
• Is not yon steed Orelia ?-Yes, 't is mine!

While trumpets rang, and heralds cried Castile.. Count Julian, the father of the injured Florinda, with The heralds at the coronation of a spanish monarch the connivance and assistance of Oppas, Archbishop of proclaim his name three times, and repeat three times Toledo, invited, in 713, the Saracens into Spain, A

the word Castilla, Castilla, Castilla; which, with all considerable army arrived under the command of Ta- other ceremonies, was carefully copied in the mock inrik, or Tarif, who bequeathed the well-known name of auguration of Joseph Bonaparte. Gibraltar (Gibel al Tarik, or the mountain of Tarik) to the place of his landing. He was joined by Count

Note ul. Stanza xlviii. Julian, ravaged Andalusia, and took Seville.

High blazed the war, and long, and far, and wide. they returned with a still greater force, and Roderick Those who were disposed to believe that mere virtue marched into Andalusia at the head of a great army to and energy are able of themselves to work forth the give them battle. The field was chosen near Xeres, and salvation of an oppressed people, surprised in a moMariana gives the following account of the action:

ment of confidence, deprived of their officers, armies, « Both armies being drawn up, the king, according and fortresses, who had every means of resistance to to the custom of the Gothic kings when they went to seek in the very moment when they were to be made battle, appeared in an ivory chariot, clothed in cloth of use of, and whom the numerous treasons among the gold, encouraging his men; Tarif, on the other side, higher orders deprived of confidence in their natural did the same.

The armies, thus prepared, waited only leaders,—those who entertained this enthusiastic but for the signal to fall on; the Goths gave the charge, delusive opinion, may be pardoned for expressing their their drums and trumpets sounding, and the Moors re- disappointment at the protracted warfare in the peninceived it with the noise of kettle-drums. Such were the sula. There are, however, another class of persons, shouts and cries on both sides, that the mountains and who, having themselves the highest dread or veneravallies seemed to meet. First they began with slings, tion, or something allied to both, for the power of the darts, javelins, and lances, then came to the swords; a modern Attila, will nevertheless give the heroical Spalong time the battle was dubious; but the Moors seem niards little or no credit for the long, stubborn, and ed to have the worst, till D. Oppas, the Archbishop, unsubdued resistance of three years to a power before having to that time concealed his treachery, in the heat whom their former well-prepared, well-armed, and nuof the fight, with a great body of his followers, went merous adversaries fell in the course of as many months.

ways used.

In 714

us,

While these gentlemen plead for deference to Bona- horrors that attend invasion, and which the Providence parte, and crave

of God, the valour of our navy, and perhaps the very Respect for his great place-and bid the Devil

cfforts of these Spaniards, have hitherto diverted from Be duly bonour'd for his burning throne,

it

may be modestly questioned whether we ought it may not be altogether unreasonable to claim some

to be too forward to estimate and condemn the feeling modification of censure upon those who have been long of temporary stupefaction which they create; lest, in and to a great extent successfully resisting this great so doing, we should resemble the worthy clergyman, enemy of mankind. That the energy of Spain has not who, while he had himself never snuffed a candle with uniformly been directed by conduct equal to its vigour, his fingers, was disposed severely to criticise the conhas been too obvious; that her armies, under their duct of a martyr who winced a little among his flames. complicated disadvantages, have shared the fate of such as were defeated after taking the field with every pos.

Note 12. Stanza li. sible advantage of arms and discipline, is surely not to They won not Zarago.a, but her children's bloody tomb. be wondered at. But that a nation, under the circum The interesting account of Mr Vaughan has made stances of repeated discomfiture, internal treason, and most readers acquainted with the first siege of Zarathe mismanagement incident fo a temporary and hasti-goza. The last and fatal siege of that gallant and dely-adopted government, should have wasted, by its voted city is detailed with great eloquence and precision stubborn, uniform, and prolonged resistance, myriads in the Edinburgh Annual Register» for 1809,-a after myriads of those soldiers who had overrun the work in which the affairs of Spain have been treated of world-That some of its provinces should, like Galicia, with attention corresponding to their deep interest, and after being abandoned by their allies, and overrun by to the peculiar sources of information open to the histheir enemies, have recovered their freedom by their corian. The following are a few brief extracts from own unassisted exertions: that others, like Catalonia, this splendid historical narrative:undismayed by the treason which betrayed some fort «A breach was soon made in the mud walls, and resses, and the force which subdued others, should not then, as in the former siege, the war was carried on in only have continued their resistance, but have attained the streets and houses; but the French had been over their victorious enemy a superiority, which is taught, by experience, that in this species of warfare even now enabling them to besiege and retake the the Zaragozans derived a superiority from the feeling places of strength which had been wrested from them, and principle which inspired them, and the cause for -is a tale hitherto untold in the revolutionary war. To which they fought. The only means of conquering say that such a people canpot be subdued, would be Zaragoza was to destroy it house by house, and street presumption similar to that of those wlio "protested by street, and upon this system of destruction they that Spain could not defend herself for a year, or Por- proceeded. Three companies of miners and eight comtugal for a month; but that a resistance which has panies of sappers carried on this subterraneous war; been continued for so long a space, when the usurper, the Spaniards, it is said, attempted to oppose them by except during the short-lived Austrian campaign, had counter-mines: these were operations to which they no other enemies on the Continent, should be now less were wholly unused, and, according to the French successful, when repeated defeats have broken the re statement, their miners were every day discovered and putation of the French armies, and when they are like-suffocated. Meantime the bombardment was incesly (it would seem almost in desperation) to seek occu- santly kept up. * Within the last forty-eight hours,' pation elsewhere, is a prophecy as improbable as un- said Palafox, in a letter to his friend General Doyle, Gracious. And while we are in the humour of severely 6000 shells have been thrown in. Two-thirds of the censuring our allies, gallant and devoted as they have town are in ruins; but we shall perish under the ruins shown themselves in the cause of national liberty, be- of the remaining third rather than surrender.' In the cause they may not instantly adopt those measures course of the siege above 17,000 bombs were thrown at which we in our wisdom may deem essential to suc- the town; the stock of powder with which Zaragoza cess, it might be well, if we endeavoured first to resolve had been stored was exhausted; they had none at last the previous questions, -181, Whether we do not at but what they manufactured day by day; and no other this moment know much less of the Spanish armies cannon-balls than those which were shot into the town, than of those of Portugal, which were so promptly and which they collected and fired back upon the condemned as totally inadequate to assist in the pre-enemy.»--servation of their country? 2d, Whether, independ In the midst of these horrors and privations, the ently of any right we have to offer more than advice pestilence broke out in Zaragoza. To various causes, and assistance to our independent allies, we can expectenumerated by the annalist, he adds, « scantiness of that they should renounce entirely the national pride, food, crowded quarters, unusual exertion of body, which is inseparable from patriotism, and at once con- anxiety of mind, and the impossibility of recruiting descend not only to be saved by our assistance, but to their exhausted strength by needful rest in a city which be saved in our own way? 3d, Whether, if it be an was almost incessantly bombarded, and where every object (as undoubtedly it is a main one), that the Spa-hour their sleep was broken by the tremendous explonish troops should be trained under British discipline, sion of mines. There was now no respite, either by day to the flexibility of movement, and power of rapid con- or night, for this devoted city; even the natural order cert and combination, which is essential to modern of light and darkness was destroyed in Zaragoza ; by war, such a consummation is likely to be produced by day it was involved in a red sulphureous atmosphere of abusing them in newspapers and periodical publica- smoke, which hid the face of heaven; by night the fire tions? Lastly, Since the undoubted authority of Bri- of cannons and mortars, and the flames of burning tish officers makes us now acquainted with part of the houses, kept it in a state of terrific illumination.

« When once the pestilence had begun, it was im- the religion of his country, let him wear it in his bopossible to check its progress, or confine it to one som for his crucifix to rest upon.» quarter of the city. Hospitals were immediately esia

Note 13. Stanza lxiii. blished, -there were above thirty of them; as soon as

- the Vault of Destiny. one was destroyed by the bombardment, the patients were removed to another, and thus the infection was

Before finally dismissing the enchanted cavern of carried to every part of Zaragoza. Famine aggravated Don Roderick, it may be noticed, that the legend octhe evil; the city had probably not been sufficiently curs in one of Calderon's plays, entitled, La Virgin del provided at the commencement of the siege, and of Sagario. The scene opens with t'e noise of the chase, the provisions which it contained, much was destroyed and Recisundo, a predecessor of Roderick upon the in the daily ruin which the mines and bombs effected. Gothic throne, enters pursuing a stag.

The animal asHad the Zaragozans and their garrison proceeded ac

sumes the form of a man, and defies the king to enter cording to military rules, they would have surrendered the cave, which forms the bottom of the scene, and before the end of January; their batteries had then engage with him in single combat.

The king accepts been demolished, there were open

breaches in

many

the challenge, and they engage accordingly, but withparts of their weak walls, and the enemy were already out advantage on either side, which induces the Genie within the city. On the 3oth above sixty houses were

to inform Recisundo, that he is not the monarch for blown up, and the French obtained possession of the whom the adventure of the enchanted cavern is remonasteries of the Augustines and Les Monicas, which served, and he proceeds to predict the downfall of the adjoined each other, two of the last defensible places Gothic monarchy, and of the christian religion, which left. The enemy forced their way into the church; shall attend the discovery of its mysteries. Recisundo, every column, every chapel, every altar, became a point appalled by these prophecies, orders the cavern to be of defence, which was repeatedly attacked, taken, and secured by a gate and bolts of iron. In the second part retaken: the pavement was covered with blood, tlic of the same play we are informed, that Don Roderick aisles and body of the church strewed with the dead, had removed the barrier and transgressed the prohibiwho were trampled under foot by the combatants. Intion of his ancestor, and had been apprised by the prothe midst of this conflict, the roof, shattered by repeat-digies which he discovered of the approaching ruin of cd bombs, feil in; the few who were not crushed, after his kingdom. a short pause, which this tremendous shock and their

Note 14. Conclusion. Stanza ji. own unexpected escape occasioned, renewed the fight

While downward on the land his legions press, with rekindling fury: fresh parties of the enemy pour Before them it was rich with vine and Rock, ed in; monks, and citizens, and soldiers came to the

And smiled like Eden in her summer dress ;defence, and the contest was continued upon the ruins, Behind their wasteful march, a reeking wilderness. and the bodies of the dead and the dying.»

I have ventured to apply to the movements of thic Yet, seventeen days after sustaining these extremi- French army that sublime passage in the prophecies of ties, did the heroic inhabitants of Zaragoza continue Joel, which seems applicable to them in more respects their defence; nor did they then surrender until their than that I have adopted in the text. One would think despair had extracted from the French generals a capi- their ravages, their military appointments, the terror tulation, more honourable than has been granted to which they spread among invaded nations, their milifortresses of the first order.

tary discipline, their arts of political intrigue and deWho shall venture to refuse the Zaragozans the culo-ceit, were distinctly pointed out in the following verses gium conferred upon them by the cloquence of Words- of Scripture: worth ?-« Most gloriously have the citizens of Zara 2. « A day of darknesse and gloominesse, a day of goza proved that the true army of Spain, in a contest clouds and of thick darknesse, as the morning spread of this nature, is the whole people. The same city upon the mountains: a great people and a strong, there has also exemplified a melancholy, yea, a dismal truthi, bath not been ever the like, neither shall be

any more --yet consolatory and full of joy,--that when a people after it, even to the

years

of

many generations. are called suddenly to fight for their liberty, and are 3. «A fire devoureth before them, and behind them sorely pressed upon, their best field of battle is the a flame burneth: the land is as the garden of Eden befloors upon which their children have played; the fore them, and behinde them a desolate wildernesse, chambers where the family of each man has slept (his yea, and nothing shall escape

them, own or his neighbour's); upon or under the roofs by 4. « The appearance of them is as the appearance of which they have been sheltered; in the gardens of their horses and as horsemen, so shall they runne. recreation; in the street, or in the market-place; before 5. «Like the noise of chariots on the tops of mounthe altars of their temples, and among their congre- tains shall they leap, like the noise of a flame of fire gated dwellings, blazing or up-rooted.

that devoureth the stubble, as a strong people set in « The government of Spain must never forget Zara- battel array. goza for a moment. Nothing is wanting to produce 6. « Before their face shall the people be much the same effects everywhere, but a leading mind, such pained: all faces shall gather blacknesse. as that city was blessed with. In the latter contest this 7. « They shall run like mighty men, they shall has been proved; for Zaragoza contained, at that time, climbe the wall like men of warre, and they shallmarch bodies of men from almost all parts of Spain. The every one in his wayes, and they shall not break their narrative of those two sieges should be the manual of ranks. every Spaniard. He may add to it the ancient stories 8: «Neither shall one trust another, they shall walk of Numantia and Saguntum ; let him sleep upon the every one in his path : and when they fall upon the book as a pillow, and, if he be a devout adherent 10 sword they shall not be wounded.

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