u be wald:



Glanville's Sa ir phenomenon conotry of my ce, and a piece pluilosopher he ne of his own at my laking

lle nerer counted him a man.

Would strike below the knee.

himself, that, ld man turned one may obruer of an or Fith this pliincerning the when I have but laugh at ny christian sther L. (for but it seems inspiration, r the other; uim in those - experience

and fearing agical cere Je devil or a et with one, me, when he servant was sible hand t made all to the conis his boots to the yard

has acknowledged to me to be true, that may do the lyshe knyghtes and sqayers were ryghte sore displeased,
business :-Do you remember the clap on your back and sayde how it was a foule stroke. Syr Wyllyam
when your servant was pulling off your boots in the Fermetone excused himself, and sayde how he was sorie
hali ? Assare yourself, said I, father L., that goblin will of that adventure, and howe that yf he had knowen
be the first that will bid you weleome into the other that it shulde have bene so, he wold never have begon
world. Upon that his countenance changed most sen- it; sayenge how he could vat amende it, by cause of
sibly, and he was more confounded with this rubbing glaunsing of his fote by constrynt of the great stroke
up his memory, than with all the rational or philoso- that Syr John of the Castell-Morante had given liin.»
phical argumentations that I could produce.»

Ibid. ch. 373.
Note 5. Stanza xið.

Note 7. Stanza xxiii.
The running stream dissolved the spell.

And with a charm she staunch'd the blood.
It is a firm article of popular faith, that no enchant See several charms for this purpose in Reginald Scoti's
ment can subsist in a running stream. Nay, if you can Discovery of Witchcraft, p. 273.
interpose a brook betwixt you and witches, spectrés, Tom Potts was but a serving man,
or even fiends, you are safe. Burns's inimitable Tam Bat yet he was a doctor good ;

He bound his handkerchief on the wound, o' Shanter turns entirely upon such a circumstance.

And with some kind of words he staunched the blood. The belief seems to be of antiquity. Brompton informs

Pieces of Ancient Popular Poetry, Lond. 1791, p. 131. us, that certain Irish wizards could, by spells, convert earthen clods, or stones, into fat pigs, which they sold

Note 8. Stanza xxiii. in the market; but which always reassumed their pro

But she has ta'en the broken lance, per form, when driven by the deceived purchasers across

And wash'd it from the clotted gore, a running stream. Bui Brompton is scyere on the Irishi,

And salved the splinter o'er and o'er. for a very good reason. « Gens ista spurcissima non Sir Kenelm Digby, in a discourse upon the cure by solvunt decimas.»- Chronicon Johannis Brompton apud sympathy, pronounced in Montpellier, before an asdecem Scriptores, p. 1076.

sembly of nobles and learned men, translated into Eng

lish by R. White, gentleman, and published in 1658, Note 6. Stanza xvii.

gives us the following curious surgical case: His bu-kler scarce in breadth a span,

« Mr James Howel (well known in France for his pubNo larger fence had he;

lic works, and particularly for his Dendrologie, trans

lated into French by Mons. Baudouin) coming by chance, Imitated from Drayton's account of Robin Hood and as two of his best friends were fighting in duel, le did his followers :

huis endeavour to part them; and, putting himselfe bcA hundred valiant men had this brave Robin Hood,

tween them, seized, with his left hand, upon the hilt of Still ready at his call, that bowmen were right food;

the sword of one of the combatants, while, with his All clad in Lincolo green, with caps of red and blue,

right hand, he laid hold of the blade of the other. They, His fellow's winded horn not one of them but kuew. When setting to their lips their bugles shrill,

being transported with fury, one against the other, The warbling echoes waked from every dalt and hill, struggled to rid themselves of the hindrance their friend Their bauldrics set with studs athwart their shoulders cast, made, that they should not kill one another; and one

of them, roughly drawing the blade of his sword, cuts A short sword at their belt, a buckler scarce a span, Who struck below the knee not counted iben a man.

to the very bone the nerves and muscles of Mr. Howel's All made of Spanish yew, their bows were wondrous strong

hand; and then the other disengaged his hilts, and gave They not an arrow drew but was a cloth-yard long.

a cross blow on his adversarie's head, which glanced toOf archery they had the very perfect craft,

wards his friend, who heaving up his sore hand to save With broad arrow, or but; or priek, or roving shaft,

the blow, he was wounded on the back of his haud as To wound an antagonist in the thigh, or leg, was he had been before within. It seems some strange conreckoned contrary to the law of arms. In a tilt be- stellation reigned then against him, that lie should lose twixt Gawain Michael, an English squire, and 'Joachim so much bloud by parting two such dear friends, whio, Cathroe, a Frenchman, « they met at the speare poynts had they been themselves, would have hazarded both rudely; the French squyer justed right pleasantly; the their lives to have preserved his : but this involuotary Englyshiman ran too lower for he strak the Frenchman effusion of bloud by them, prevented that which they depe into the thygh. Wherewith the Earl of Bucking-sholde have drawn one from the other. For they, seeham was right sore displeased ; and so were all the other ing Mr Howel's face besmeared with bloud, by heaving lordes, and sayde bow it was shamefully done.» Froise up his wounded hand, they both ran to embrace lim; sart, vol. I, ch. 366.–Upon a similar occasion, « the and, having searched his liurts

, they bound up his hand two knyghtes came a fote eche against other rudely, with one of his garters, to close the veins whicli were with their speares low couched, io stryke eche other cut and bled abundantly. They brought him liome, within the foure quarters. Joban of Castell-Morante and sent for a surgeon. But this being lacard at court, strake the Englysh squyer on ihe brest in such wyse, the king sent one of his own surgcons; for his majesty that Syr Wyllyam Fermetone stombled and bowed, for much affected the said Mr Howel. • his fote a lyttel fayled bim. He held his speare lowe « It was my chance to be lodged liard by him; and with bothe lis handes, and could nat amende it, and four or five days after, as I was making myself ready, strake Sir Johan of the Gastell-Morante in the thyghe, he came to my house, and prayed me to view his wounds; so that the speare went clene throughe, that the heed' for I understand,' said lie, that you bave extraordiwas scne a handfull on the other syde. And Syre Johannary remedies on such occasions, and my surgeons apwith the stroke reled, but he fell nat. Than the Eng- prehend some fear that it may grow to a gangrene, and

To which under tbeir arms their sheafs were buckled fast,

given him one neither

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so the band must be cut off. In effect, his counte- the partie shall feele no pain; whereas, if they draw mance discovered that he was in much pain, which he their fingers downwards, thereupon the partie wounded said was insupportable, in regard of the extreme in- shall feele intollerable pain.» I presume that the sucflammation, I told him I would willingly serve him ; cess ascribed to the sympathetic mode of treatment but if haply he knew the manner how I would cure might arise from the pains bestowed in washing the luim, without touching or secing him, it may be he wound, and excluding the air, thus bringing on a cure would not expose himself to my manner of curing, be- by the first inteotion. It is introduced by Dryden in cause he would think it, peradventure, either incffec- the Enchanted Island, a (very unnecessary) alteration tual or superstitious. He replicd, the wonderful things of the Tempest: which many have related unto me of your way of me

Ariel. Anoint thens word which pierced him with this dicinement makes me nothing doubt at all of its efii

Wrapon-salve, and wrap it close from air, cacy; and all that

have to say unto you compre Till I have time to visit bim again. - Act. v. sc. 2. hended in the Spanish proverb, Hagase el milagro, y lagalo Malona-Let the miracle be done, though Ma

Again, in scene 4th, Miranda enters, with Hippolito's

sword wrape up: homet do it: « Lasked him then for any thing that had the blood Flip. O my wound pains me. (She unwraps the swont.

Mir. I am come to ease you. upon it; so he presently sent for his garter, wherewith

Hip. Alas, I feel the cold air come to me ; bis hand was first bound; and as I called for a bason

My wound shoots worse than ever. of water, as I would wash my hands, I took a handful Mir. Does it still grieve you! of powder of vitriol, whieh I had in my study, and pre

(She wipes and audinis the sword

lig. Now, methinks, there's something laid just opon it. sently dissolved it. As soon as the bloudy garter was

Mir. Do you tind no easc?. brought me, I put it within the bason, observing in the

Hip. Yes, yes; apon the sudden all this pain interim, what Mr Howel did, who stood talking with a Is leaving me. Sweet heaven, how I am eased! gentleman in a corner of my chamber, not regarding

Note 9. Stanza xxvii. at all what I was doing; but he started suddenly, as if

On Peochryst glows a bale of fire, he had found some strange alteration in himself. I

And three are kiudling on Priesthaugh-swire. asked him what he ailed ? * I know not what ails me; but I find that I feel no more pain. Methinks that a vion, formed a sort of telegraphic communication with

The Border beacons, from their number and posipleasing 'kinde of freshnesse, as it were a wet cold nap. Edinburgh. The act of parliament 1453, c. 48, directs, kin, did spread over my hand, wliich hath taken away that one bale, or fagot, shall be warning of the apthç intlammation that tormented me before. I replyed, proach of the English in any manner ; two bales, • Since then that you feel already so good effect of my that they are coming indeed; four bales, blazing beside medicament, I advise you to cast away all your plag- each other, that the enemy are in great force.

« The sters; only keep the wound clean, and in a moderate

same taikenings to be watched and maid at Eggerhope temper betwixe heat and cold.' This was presently reported to the Duke of Buckingham, and a little afier (Eggerstane) Castell, fra they se the fire of Huune, that

they fire right swa. And in like manner on Sowtra to the king, who were both very curious to know the circumstance of the business, which was, that after din Edge, sall se the fire of Eggerhope Castell, and mak

taikening in like manner : And then may all Louner I took the garter out of the water, and put it to dry before a great fire. It was scarce dry, but Mr Howel's

thaine be warned, and in special the Castell of Edinservant came running, that his master felt as much burgh; and their four fires to be made in like manner, burning as ever he had done, if not more ; for the leat

that they in Fyfe, and fra Striveling cast, and the est

part of Louthaine, and to Dunbar, all may se them, and was such as if his hand were 'twixt coles of fire. I an

come to the defence of the realme. These beacons (at swered, although that had happened at present, yet he

least in latter times) were « a long and strong tree set should find ease in a short time ; for I knew the reason of this new accident, and would provide accordingly; iron brander fixed on a stalk in the middle of it, for

with a long iron pole across the licad of it, and an for his master sliould be free from that inflammation, it may be before he could possibly return to him: but holding a tar-barrel. »–STEVENSon's History, vol. II, in case he found no ease, I wished him to come pre

p. 701. sently back again; if not, he might forbear coming.

Note 10. Stanza xxvii. Thereupon he went; and at the instant I did put again

Our kin, and clan, and friends to raise. the garter into the water, whereupon he found his mas The speed with which the lorderers collected great ter without any pain at all. To be brief, there was no bodies of horsc, may be judged of from the following sense of pain afterward; but within five or six dayes the extract, when the subject of the rising was much less wounds were cicatrized, and entirely healed.» P. 6. important than that supposed in the romance. It is taken

The king (James VI.) obtained from Sir Kenelm the from Carey's Memoirs: discovery of his secret, which he pretended had been Upon the death of the old Lord Scroop, the queen tauglit him by a Carmelite friar, who had learned it in gave the west wardenry to his son, that had married Armenia, or Persia. Let not the age of animal mag- my sister. He, having received that office, came to me netism and metallic tractors smile at the sympathetic with great earnestness, and desired me to be his deputy, powder of Sir Kenelm Digby. Reginald Scott men- offering me that I should live with him in his house ; tions the same mode of cure in these terms: « And that he would allow me half a dozen-men, and as many that which is more strange . .. they can remedie anic horses, to be kept at his charge; and his fee being 1000 stranger with that verie sword whierewith they are marks yearly, he would part it with me, and I should wounded. Yea, and that which is beyond all admira- have the half. This his noble offer I accepted of, and tion, if they stroke the sword upward with their fingers, went with him to Carlisle, where I was no sooner come,



but I entered into my office. We had a stirring time leave, the blood that should be spilt that day would lie of it; and few days past over my head but I was on very hard upon my conscience.

And therefore I dehorseback, either to prevent mischief, or take male-sired them, for my sake, to forbear; and, if the Scots factors, and to bring the Border in better quiet than it did not presently make away with all the speed they had been in times past. One memorable thing, of could, upon my sending to them, they should then have God's mercy showed unto me, was such as I brad good their wills to do what they pleased. They were ill sacause still to remember it.

tisfied with my answer, but durst not disobey. I sent « I had private intelligence given me, that there were with speed to the Scots, and hade them pack away with (wo Scottish meo, who had killed a churchman in Scot- all the speed they could, for if they stayed the messenlaud, and were by one of the Græmes relieved. This ger's return, they should few of them return to their Græme dwelt within five miles of Carlisle.

He had a

own bome. They made no stay; but they were turned pretty house, and close by it a strong tower, for his homewards before the messenger had made an end of own defence in time of need. --About two o'clock in his message. Thus, by God's mercy, 1 escaped a great the morning, I took horse in Carlisle, and not above danger; and, by my means, there were a great many twenty-five iú my company, thinking to surprise the men's lives sayed that day.» house on a sudden. Before I could surround the house,

Note 11. Stanza xxix. the two Scotts were gotten" in the strong tower, and I

On many a cairn's could see a boy riding from the house as fast as his horse

gray pyramid,

Where uros of mighty chiefs lie hid. could carry him; I little suspecting what iç meant. But

The cairns, or piles of loose stones, which crown Thomas Carleton came to me presently, and told me, that if I did not presently prevent it, both myself and the summit of most of our Scottish hills, and are found

in other remarkable situations, seem usually, though all my company would be either slain or taken priso

not universally, to have been sepulchral monuments. It was strange to me to hear this language. He then said to me, do you see that boy that ride away ing a cavity of greater or smaller dimensions, in which

Six flat stones are commonly found in the centre, formso fast? He will be in Scotland within this half hour;

an urn is often placed. The author is possessed of one, and he is gone to let them know that you are here, and

discovered beneath the immense cairn at Roughlee, in to what end you are come, and the small number

Liddesdale. Jt is of the most barbarous construction ; you have with you ; and that if they will make haste, the middle of the substance alone having been subon a sudden they may surprise us, and do with us what they please.' Hereupon we took advice what was best jected to the fire, over which, whien hardened, the ar

tist had laid an inner and outer, coat of unbaked clay, to be done. We sent notice presently to all parts to raise thie country, and to come to us with all the speed

etched with some very rude orħaments; his skill apthey could; and withall we sent to Carlisle to raise the parently being inadequate to baking the vase, when townsmen; for without foot we could do no good ashes, and a quantity of beads made of coal. This seems

completely finished. The contents were bones and against the tower. There we staid some hours, expects to have been a barbarous imitation of the Roman faing more company; and within short time after the

shion of sepulture. country came io on all sides, so that we were quickly between three and four hundred horse: and, after some longer stay, the foot of Carlisle came to us, to the number of three or four hundred men ; whom we presently

CANTO IV. set to work, to get up to the top of the tower, and to uncover the roof; and then some twenty of them to fall down together, and by that means to win the tówer.— The Scots, seeing their present danger, offered

Note 1. Stånza ii. the parley, and yielded themselves to my mercy. They

:--great Dundee. had no sooner opened the iron gate, and yielded them The Viscount of Dundee, slain in the battle of Killiselves my prisoners, but we might see four hundred crankie. horse within a quarter of a mile cominy to their rescue,

Note 2. Stanza iii. and to surprise me and my small company ; but on a

For pathless marsh, and mountain cell, sudden they stayed, and stood at gaze. Then I had

The peasant left his lowly shed. more to do than ever; for all our Borderers came cry The morasses were the usual refuge of the Border ing with full mouths, “Sir, give us leave to set upon herdsmen, on the approach of an English army.—(Minthem; for these are they that have killed our fathers, strelsy of the Scottish Border, vol. I, p. 49). Caves, our brothers, and uncles, and our cousins; they are hewed in the most dangerous and inaccessible places, coming, thinking to surprise you, upon weak grass nags,

also afforded an occasional retreat. Such caverns may such as they could get on a sudden; and God lrath put be seen in the precipitous banks of the Tevist at Sunthem into your hands, that we may take revenge of them laws, upon the Ale at Ancram, upon the Jed at Hunfor much blood that they have spilt of ours.' I desired daleč, and in many other places upon the Border. The they would be patient a while, and bethought myself, if banks of the Eske, at Gorton and Hawthornden, are I should give them their will, there would be few or hollowed into similar recesses, But even these dreary none of the Scots that would escape ankilled (there were dens were not always secure places of conceaiment. so many deadly feuds among them), and therefore I re « In the way as we came, not far from this place (Long solved with myself to give them a fair answer, but not Niddry), George Ferres, a gentleman of my Lord Proto give them their desire. So I told them, that if I tector's..... happened upon a cave in the grounde, the were not there myself, they might then do what pleased mouth whereof was so worne with the fresh printe of themselves; but, being present, if I should give them steps, that he seemed to be certayne thear wear some


folke within; and gone doune to trie, he was redily re- Scotland, this abomynable act not only to be done by ceyved with a hakebut or two. He left them not yet, dyverse of the Mershie, but also the afore named pertill he had knowen wheyther thei would be content to sons of Tyvidaill, and consented to, as by appearance, yeld and come out; which they fondly refusing, he by the Erle of Murey, upon Friday at nighte laši, let went to my lorde's grace, and upon utterance of the slyp c of the best horsemen of Glendaill, with a parte thynge, gat lisense to deale with them as he coulde; and of your highnes' subjects of Derwyke, together with so returned to them, with a skore or two of pioners. George Dowglas, wlioo came into Ingland agayne, in Three ventes had their cave, that we wear ware of, the dawning of the day; but afore theyre retorne, they whereof he first stopt up on; anoother he filld full of dyd mar the Earl of Murrei's provisions at Coldingham: strawe, and set it a fyer, whereat they within cast water for they did not only burne the said towne of Coldingapace; but it was so well maynteyned without, that the ham, with all the corne thereunto belonging, which is fyer prevayled, and thei within fayn to get them belyke esteemed wurthe cii marke sterling; but alsoo burned into apoother parler. Then devised we (for I hapt to twa townes nye adjoining thereunto, called Branerbe with him) to stop the same up, whereby we should dergest and Black Hill, and toke xxiii persons,

Ix cyther smoother them, or fynd out their vents, if the horse, with cc bed of cattaill, which nowe as I am hadde any moe: as this was done at another issue, about informed, hathe not only been a staye of the said Erle xii score of, we moughte see the fume of their smoke of Murreis not coming to the Bordure as yet, but alsoo, to come out; the which continued with so great a force, that none inlande man will adventure theyre selfs uppon and so long a while, that we could nog but thinke they the marches. And as for the tax that shulde have been must needs get them out, or smoother within : and grauntyd for finding of the said ii hundred men, is forasmuch as we found not that they dyd the tone, we utterly denyed. Upon which the king of Scotland dethought it for certain thei wear sure of ihe foother.»-parted from Edynburgh to Stirling, and as yet there Patten's Account of Somerset's Expedition into Scot- doth remayn. And also I, by the advice of my

brother land, apud DALZELL'S Fragments.

Clyfforth, have devysed, that within this iii nyghts, God Note 3. Stanza iii.

willing, Kelsey, in lyke case, shall be breni, with all the -southern ravage.

corne in the said town; and then they shall have noo From the following fragment of a letter from the And as I shall atteigne further knowledge, I shall not

place to lye any garyson in nyth unto the Borders. Earl of Northumberlaud to King Henry VIJI. preserved fail to satisfye your higlines, according to my most among the Cotton MSS. Calig. B. vii. 179, the reader bounden dutie. And for this burnynge of Kelsey is may estimate the nature of the dreadful war which was devysed to be done secretly, by Tyndaill and Rydoccasionally waged upon the Borders, sharpened by disdale. And thus the holy Trynite and

your most mutual cruelties, and the personal hatred of the war-royal estate, with long lyf, and as much increase of dens, or leaders.

honour as your most poble heart can desire. At WerkSome Scottish barons, says the earl, had threatened worth, the xxiid day of October.» (1522). to come within « three miles of my pore house of Werkworth, where I lye, and gif me light to put on my

Notc 4. Stanza iv. clothes at mydoyght; and alsoo the said Marke Carr said there opynly, that, seging they had a governor on This person was, in my youuger days, the theme of the marches of Scotland, as well as they had in Ingland, many a fireside tale. . Ile was a retainer of the Buche shulde kepe your highness' instructions, gyffyn unto cleuch family, and held for his Border service a small your garyson, for making of any day-forrey; for he and lower on the frontiers of Liddesdale. Watt was, by his friends wolde burne enough on the nyght, lettyng profession, a sutor, but, by inclination and practice, an your counsaill here defyné a notable acte at theyre archer and warrior. Upon one occasion, the captain pleasures. Upon whiche, in your highnes' name, I of Bewcastle, military governor of that wild district of comaundet dewe watche to be kept on your marchies, Cumberland, is said to have made an incursion into for comyng in of any Scotts.- Neutheless, upon Thurs- Scotland, in which he was defeated, and forced to fly. day at night last, came thyrty light borsemen into a Watı Tinlin pursued him closely through a dangerous litil village of myne, called Whitell, having not past morass; the captain, however, gained Ure firm ground; sex houses, lying towards Ryddisdail, upon Shilbotell and seeing Tinlinn dismounted, and floundering in the more, and there wold have fyred the said howses, but bog, used these words of insult : « Sator Wall, ye canther was noo fyre to get there, and they forgate to not sew your boots ; the heels risp, and the seams brynge any withe theyme; and toke a wyf, being great rive.»'-«f I cannot sew, » - retorted Tinlinn, diswith childe, in the said townc, and said to hyr, Wher charging a shaft, which mailed the captain's thigh to we can not gyve the laird lyght yel we shall doo this in his saddle, =« If I cannot sew, 1 can yerk.» ? spyte of him; and gyve her iii mortall wounds upon

Note 5. Stanza v. the heid, and another in the right side, with a dagger : wheruppon the said wyf is deede, and the childe in her

---Bilbope stag. bely is loste. Beseeching your most gracious highnes

There is an old rlıyme, which thus celebrates the to reduce unto your gracious memory thys wylful and places in Liddesdale remarkable for game: shamefull murder, done within this your highnes' realme,

Bilbope braes for bucks and raes,

And Carit haugh for swine, notwitlistanding all the inhabitants thereabout rose unto,

And Tarras for the good bull-trout, the said fray, and gave warnynge by becons into the countrey afore theyme, and yet the Scottsmen dyde

* Risp, creak.--- Rive, tear. escape. And uppon certeyne knowledge to my bro

· Yerk, to twitch, as shoemakers do, in securing the stitches of ther Clyfforthe and me, had by credable persons of their work.

Watt Tinlinn.

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If he be ta'en in time.

And we may

The bucks and roes, as well as the old swine, are 27th September, 1549, the Duke of Somerset, Lord now extinct; but the good bull-trout are still famous. Protector, writes to the Lord Dacre, warden of the

West Marches: a The Almains, in number two thouNote 6. Stanza v.

saud, very valiant soldiers, shall be sent to you shortly Of silver broach and bracelet proud.

from Neweastle, together with Sir Thomas Holcroft, As the Borderers were indifferent about the furniture and with the force of your wardenry (which we would of their habitations, so much exposed to be burnt and were advanced to the most strength of horsemen that plundered, they were proportionally anxious to display might be), shall make the attempt to Loughmaben, splendour in decorating and ornamenting their females. being of no such strength but that it may be skailed -See LESLY, de Moribus Limitaneorum.

wish ladders, whereof, beforehand, we would you eaused

secretly some number to be provided; or else underNote 7. Stanza vi.

mined with the pyke-axe, and so taken : either to be Belted Will Howard. Lord Willam Howard, third son. of Thomas Duke of and takey from the profits of the enemy. And iņ like

kept for the king's majesty, or otherwise to be defaced, Norfolk, succeeded to Naworth Castle, and a large do

manner the house of Carlaverock to be used.» Remain annexed to it, in right of his wife Elizabeth, sister peated mention occurs of the Almains, in the subseof George Lord Dacre, who died without heirs male, in

quent correspondence; and the enterprise seems finally the uth of Queen Elizabeth. By a poetical anachro

to' have been abandoned, from the difficulty of providnism, he is introduced into the romance a few yearsing these strangers with the necessary « victuals and earlier than he actuaily tlourished. He was warden of

carriages in so poor a country as Dumfries-shire.» the Western Marches; and, from the rigour with which he repressed thre Border excesses, the name of BeltedHistory of Cumberland, vol. I, lutrod. p. lxi. From the

battle-pieces of the ancicut Flemish painters we learn, Will Howard is still fainous in our traditions. In lục

that the Low-country and German soldiers marched to castle of Naworth, his apartments, containing a bed

an assault with their righe knees bared. room, oratory, and a library, are still shown. They also observe, in such pictures, the extravagance to impress us with an unpleasing idea of the life of a lord which they earried the fashion of ornamenting their warden of the marches. Three or four strong doors, I dress with knots of riband. This custom of the Gerseparating these rooms from the rest of the castle, in

mans is alluded to in the Mirrour for Magistrates, dicate apprehensions of treachery from his garrison;

p. 121. and the secret winding passages, through which he could privately descend into the guard-room, or even into

Their pleited garments therewith well accord,

All jagde and frounst, with divers colours deckt, the dungeons, imply the necessity of no small degree of secret superintendance on we part of the governor.

Note 10. Stanza viii. As the incient books and furniture have remained un

His ready lances Thirlestape brave disturbed, the venerable appearance of these aparl

Array'd beneath a banner bright. ments, and the armour scattered around the chamber, Sir John Scott of Thirlestane flourished in the reign almost lead us to expect the arrival of the warden in of James V. and possessed the estates of Thirlestane, person, Naworth Castle is situated near Brampton, in Gamescleuch, etc. lying upon the river Ettrick, and Cumberland, Lord William Howard is ancestor of the extending to St Mary's Loch, at the head of Yarrow. It Earls of Carlisle.

appears, that when James bad assembled his nobility Note 8. Stanza vi. and their feudal followers, at Fala, with the

purpose of

invading England, and was, as is well known, disapThe well-known name of Dacre is derived from the pointed by the obstinåté refusal of his


this baron exploits of one of their ancestors at the siege of Acre, alone declared himself ready to follow the king whereor Ptolemais, under Richard Caur-de-Lion. There were

ever he should lead. Jo memory of his fidelity, James two powerful branches of that name. The first family, granted to his family a charter of arms, entitling them called Lord Dacres of the Southi, held the castle of the to bear a border of fleurs-de-luce, similar to the tressame name, and are ancestors to the present Lord sure in the royal arms, with a bundle of spears for the Dacre. The other family, descended from the same crest, motto, Ready, ayé ready. The charter itself is stock, were called Lord Dacres of the North, and were printed by Nisbet; but his work being scarce, I insert barous of Gilsland and Graystock. A chieftain of the the following accurate transcript from the original, in latter branch was warden of the West Marches during the possession of the Right Honourable Lord Napier, the reign of Edward VI. He was a man of a hot and the representative of John of Thirlestane, obstinate character, as appears from some particulars

«James Rex, of Lord Sạrrey's leiter lộ Henry VIII. giving an account of his beliaviour at the siege and storm of Jedburgh. considerand the ffaith and guid servis of of of right

«Wc James, by the grace of God, king of Scottis, It is printed in the Minstrelsy of the Scottish Border,

traist friend John Scott of Thirlestane, quha cummand Appendix to the Introduction.

to our hoste at Soutra-edge, with three score and ten Note 9. Stanza vi.

launcieres on horseback of his friends' and followers,

and beand willing to gang with ws into England, when In the wars with Scotland, Henry VIII. and his suc- all our nobles and others refuised, he was readdy to cessors employed numerous bands of mercenary troops. stake all at our bidding; ffor the qubilk cause, it is our At the battle of Pinky, there were in the English army herauld, and his deputies for the time beand, to give

will, and we doe straitlie command and charg our lion six hundred hackbullers on foot, and two hundred on horseback, composed chiefly of foreigners. On the ! Sic in orig.

Lord Dacre.

--the German hackbut-men.

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