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during the reign of the unfortunate Mary, to whose during the night, in a house not far distant. Some incause the house of Hamilton devoted themselves with a distinct information of the danger which threatened Generous zeal, which occasioned their temporary ob-him had been conveyed to the regent, and he paid so scurity, and, very nearly, their total ruin. The situ- much regard to it, that he resolved to return by the ation of the ruins, embosomed in wood, darkened by same gate through which he had entered, and to fetch ivy and creeping shrubs, and overhanging the brawling a compass round the town. But, as the crowd about torrent, is romantic in the highest degree. In the im- the gate was great, and he himself unacquainted with mediate vicinity of Cadyow is a grove of immense fear, he proceeded directly along the street; and the oaks, the remains of the Caledonian Forest, which an-throng of people obliging him to move very slowly, ciently extended through the south of Scotland, from gave the assassin time to take so true an aim, that he the Eastern to the Atlantic Ocean. Some of these trees shot him, with a single bullet, through the lower part measure twenty-five feet, and upwards, in circumfe- of his belly, and killed the horse of a gentleman, who rence, and the state of decay, in which they now ap- rode on his other side. His followers instantly endeapear, slidws, that they may have witnessed the rites voured to break into the house whence the blow had of the druids. The whole scenery is included in the come; but they found the door strongly barricaded, magnificent and extensive park of the Duke of llamil- and, before it could be forced open, Hamilton had
There was long preserved in this forest the breed mounted a fleet horse,' which stood ready for him at a of the Scottislı wild cattle, until their ferocity occasiop-back-passage, and was got far beyond their reach. The ed their being extirpated, about forty years ago. Their regent died the same night of his wound.»— History of appearance was beautiful, being milk-white, with black Scotland, book v. muzzles, horns, and loofs. The bulls are described by Bothwellbaugh rode straight to Hamilton, where he ancient authors, as having white maves; but those of was received in triumph; for the ashes of the houses latter days had lost that peculiarity, perhaps by inter-in Clydesdale, which had been burned by Murray's mix!ure with the same breed.'
army, were yet smoking; and party prejudice, the haIn detailing the death of the Regent Murray, wlich bits of the age, and the enormity of the provocation, is made the subject of the following ballad, it would be seemed to his kinsmen to justify his deed. After a injustice to my reader to use other words than those of short abode at Hamilton, this fierce and determined Dr Robertson, whose account of that memorable event man Jeft Scotland, and served in France, under the paforms a beautiful piece of historical painting.
of the family of Guise, to whom he was doubta llamilton of Bothwelllaugh was the person who less recominended by having avenged the cause of their commilled this barharous action, He had been con- niece, Queen Mary, upon her ungrateful brother. De demned to death soon after the battle of Langside, as Thou has recorded, that an attempt was made to enwe have already related, and owed his life to the regenis | tage him to assassinate Gaspar de Coligni, the famous clemency. But part of his estate had been bestowed admiral of France, and the buckler of the Iluguenot upon one of the regeni's favourites,? who seized his cause. But the character of Botliwellhaugh was mishouse, and turned out his wife, nakeil, in a cold night, taken. He was no mercenary trader in blood, and reinto the open fields. where, before next morning, she jected the offer with contempi and indignation. He became furiously mad. This injury made a deeper had no authority, he said, from Scotland, to commit impression ou him than the benefit he had received, murders in France, he had avenged his own just quarand from that moment he vowed to be revenged of the rel, but he would neither, for price nor prayer, avenge regent. Party raye strengthened and intlamed his pri- that of another man.— Thuanus, cap. 46. vate resentmeni. His kinsmen, thellamilions, applauded The regent's death happened 23d January, 1569. It the enterprise. The maxims of that age justified the is applauded, or stigmatized, by contemporary bistomost desperate course he could take to obtain ven- rians, according to their religious or party prejudices. geance. He followed the regent for some time, and The triumph of Black wood is unbounded. He not only watched for an opportunity to strike the blow. He extols the pious feat of Both we laugh, « who,» he obresolved, at last, to wait till his enemy should arrive at serves, « satisfied, with a single ounce of lead, him, Linlithgow, through which he was to pass, in his way whose sacrilegious avarice had stripped the metropolitan from Stirling to Edinburgh. He took his stand in a church of Saint Andrews of its covering;» but he aswooden gallery," which had a window towards the cribes it to immediate divine inspiration, and the esstreet; spread a feather-bed on the floor, to hinder the cape of Hamilton to little less than the miraculous noise of his feet from being heard; hung up a black interference of the Deity.–Jebb, vol, ii, p. 263. With cloth behind him, that his shadow might not be ob. equal injustice it was, by others, made the ground of a served from without; and, after all this preparation, peneral national reflection; for, wheu Mather urged calmly expected the regent's approach, who had lodged, Berney to assassinate Burleigh, and quoted the exam
ples of Poltrot and Bothwellbaugh, the other conspira
tor answered, « that neither Poltrot nor Hamblelon did 1 They were formerly kept in the park at Drumlanrig, and are still to be scen at th llinquam Castle in Northumberland. For their attempt their enterpryse, without some reason or connature and ferocity, Ece Votes. This was Sir James Ballenden, Lord-justice-clerk, whose shame sideration to lead them to it: as the one
, by loyre, and
promise of preferment or rewarde; the owner, upon ful and inbuman rapacity occasioned the catastrophe in the text.
desperate mind of revenge, for a lyule wrong dove unto Spotswoode.
* This projecting gallery is still shown. The bouse to which it him, as the report goethe, accordinge to the vyle traywas attached was the property of the Archbishop of St Andrews, a
terous disposysyon of the hoole natyon of the Scottes.» natural i rother of the Duke of Chatelberault, and uncle to Both
-Murdin's Slute Papers, vol. I, p. 197. Wellbau ;b. This, among many other circumstances, seems to evince the aid which Bothwellbaugh received from his clan in effecting his purpose.
I The gift of Lord John Hamilton, commendator of Arbroath.
ral in Scotland, under the singular title of her adopted | ditch), by whilk means he escapil, and gat away from father.
all the rest of the horses.»-BIRRELL's Diary, p. 18. Note 2. Stanza xv.
Note 6. Stanza xxxiii.
From the wild Border's humbled side, « In Caledonia olim frequens erat sylvestris quidam
In bauchiy triumph marchod he. bos, nunc vero rarior, qui colore candidissimo, jubam Murray's death took place shortly after an expedition densam et demissam instar leonis gestat, truculentus ac to the Borders ; which is thus commemorated by the ferus, ab humano genere abhorrens, ut quæcunque ho- author of his elegy: mines vel manibus contrectaverint, vel halitu persla
So baring stablischt all thing in this sort, verint, ab iis multos post dies omnino abstinuerint. Ad To Liddisdaill again he did resort, hoc tanta audacia huic bovi indita erat, ut non solum
Throw Ewisdail, Eskdail, and all the daills rode he.
And also lay three nights in Cannabie. irritatus equites furenter prosterneret, sed ne tantillum
Wbair na prince lay thir hundred yeiris before, lacessitus omnes promiscue homines cornibus, ac un
Nae thief darst stir, they did him feir so sair; Gulis peteret; ac canum, qui apud nos ferocissimi sunt, And, that they suld na mair tbair thift alledge, impetus plane contemneret. Ejus carnes cartilaginosz
Threescore and twelf he brocht of thame in pledge,
Syne wardit thame, whilk made the rest keep ordour, sed saporis suavissimi. Erat is olim per illam vastis
Than mycht the rasch-bus keep ky on the Bordour, simam Caledoniæ sylvam frequens, sed humana in
Scottish Poems, 16th century, p. 232. gluvie jam assumptus tribus tantum locis est reliquus,
Stanza xxxv. ingi Cumbernaldiæ, et Kincarniz.»—Leslæus,
With backbut bent, my secret stand. Scotive Descriptio, p. 13.
The carabine, with which the regent was shot, is preNote 3. Stanza xxi.
served at Hamilton Palace. It is a brass piece, of a Stern Claud replied, with darkening face
middling length, very small in the bore, and, what is (Gray Pasley's baughty lord was be).
rather extraordinary, appears to have been ritled or inLord Claud. Hamilton, second son of the Dnke of dented in the barrel. It had a match-lock, for which Chatelherault, and commendator of the abbey of Pais- a modern fire-lock has been injudiciously substituted. ley, acted a distinguished part during the troubles of
Note 8. Stanza xxxvi. Queen Mary's reign, and remained unalterably attached
Dark Morton, cirt with many a spear. to the cause of that unfortunate princess. He led the van of her army at the fatal battle of Langside, and active in the murder of David Rizzio, and at least privy
Of this noted person it is enough to say, that he was was one of the commanders at the Raid of Stirling, to that of Darnley. which had so nearly given complete success to the queen's faction. He was ancestor to the present Mar
Note 9. Stanza xxxvi. quis of Abercorn.
The wild Macfarlane's plaided clap.
This clan of Lennox Highlanders were attached to Note 4. Stanza xxii.
the Regent Murray. Hollinshed, speaking of the battle Fow suns have set, since Woodhouselee.
of Langside, says, « In this batayle the valiance of an This barony, stretching along the banks of the Esk, Hieland Gentleman, named Macfarlane, stood the renear Auchendinny, belonged to Both wellhaugh, in'right yeni's part in great steede; for, in the hottest brunte of his wife. The ruins of the mansion, from whence of the fighte, he came up with two hundred of his she was expelled in the brutal manner which occasion-friendes and countrymen, and so manfully gave in uped her death, are still to be seen, in a hollow glen be on the flankes of the queene's people, that he was a side the river. Popular report tenants them with the great cause of the disordering of them. This Macfarrestless ghost of the Lady Bothwellhaugh ; whom, how- lane had been lately before, as I have heard, condemnever, it confounds with Lady Anne Bothwell, whose ed to die, for some outrage by him committed, and Lament is so popular. This spectre is so tenacious of obtayning pardon through suyt of the Countess of Murher rights, that, a part of the stones of the ancient edi- ray, he recompenced that clemencie by this piece of fice having been employed in building or repairing the service now at this batayle.» Calderwood's account is present Woodhouselee, she has deemed it a part of her less favourable to the Macfarlanes. He states, that privilege to haunt that house also; and, even of very « Macfarlane, with his Highlandmen, fled from the
has excited considerable disturbance and ter- wing where they were set. The Lord Lindesay, who ror among the domestics.
This is a more remarkable stood nearest to them in the regent's battle, said, “Let vindication of the rights of ghosts, as the present them go! I shall fill their places better:' and so stepWoodhouselee, which gives his title to the honourable ping forward with a company of fresh men, charged Alexander Fraser Tytler, a senator of the College of Jus- the enemy, whose spears were now spent, with long tice, is situated on the slope of the Pentland hills, dis- weapons, so that they were driven back by force, being tant at least four miles from her proper abode. She before almost overthrown by the avant-guard and haralways appears in white, and with a child in her quebusiers, and so were turned to flight.»- Calder
wood's MS. apud Keith, p. 480. Melville mentions the Note 5, Stanza xxviii.
flight of the van-guard, but states it to have been comWhose bloody poniard's frantic stroke,
manded by Morton, and composed chicfly of commonDrives to the leap bis jaded steed.
ers of the barony of Renfrew. Birrel informs us, that Bothwellhaugh, being closely
Note 10. Stanza xxxvij. pursued, « after that spur and wand had failed him, he
Glencairn and stout Parkhead were nigh. drew forth his dagger, and strocke his horse behind,
Obsequious at their regent's rein. whilk caused the horse to leap a very brode stank (i.e. The Earl of Glencairn was a steady adhierent of the
regent. George Douglas, of Parkhead, was a natural stronger claims of natural affection. Chusing, therebrother of the Earl of Morton : his horse was killed by fore, a dark and windy night, when the objects of his the same ball by which Murray fell.
vengeance were engaged in a stolen interview, he set
fire to a stack of dried thorns, and other combustibles, Note 11. Stanza xxxvii.
which he had caused to be piled against the house, and And baggard Lindsay's iron eye,
reduced to a pile of glowing ashes the dwelling, with all That saw fair Mary weep in vain.
its inmates. Lord Lindesay, of the Byres, was the most ferocious
The sccne, with which the ballad opens, was sufand brutal of the regent's faction; and, as such, was gested by the following curious passage, extracted from employed to extort Mary's signature to the deed of re- the Life of Alexander Peden, one of the wandering and signation, presented to her in Lochleven Castle. He
persecuted teachers of the sect of Cameronians, during discharged his commission with the most savage ri- the reign of Charles II. and his successor, James. This gour; and it is even said, that when the weeping cap person was supposed by his followers, and perhaps tive, in the act of signing, averted her from the
really believed himself, to be
supernatural fatal deed, he pinched her arm with the grasp of his gifts; for the wild scenes, which they frequented, and iron glove.
the constant dangers, which were incurred through Note 12, Stanza xxxviii.
their proscription, deepened upon their minds the Scarce could his trampling charger move,
gloom of superstition, so general in that age. So close the minions crowded nigh.
« About the same time he (Peden) came to Andrew Richard Bannatyne mentions in his journal, that Normand's house, in the parish of Alloway, in the shire John Knox repeatedly warned Murray io avoid Lin- of Ayr, being to preach at night in his barn. After he lithgow.
came in, he halted a little, leaning upon a chair-back, Not only had the regent notice of the intended at
with his face covered; when he lifted up his head, he tempt upon his life, but even of the very house from said, “There are in this house that I have not one word which it was threatened.
of salvation unto;' he halıcd a little again, saying, “This With that infatuation, at which men wonder after is strange, that the devil will not go oul, that we may such events have happened, he deemed it would be a begin our work! Then there was a woman went out, sufficient precaution to ride briskly past the dangerous ill looked upon almost all her life, and to her dying spot. But even this was prevented by the crowd: so
hour, for a witch, with many presumptions of the that Bothwellhaugh had time to take a deliberate aim.
It escaped me, in the former passages, that --Spottiswoode, p. 233. Buchanan.
John Muirhcad (whom I have often mentioned) told me, that when he came from Ireland to Galloway, he was at family-worship, and giving some noies upon the
Scripture, when a very ill-looking man came, and sate THE GRAY BROTHER.
down within the door, at the back of the hallan (partition of the cottage); immediately he halted, and said, 'There is some unhappy body just now come into this house. I charge lijm to go out, and not stop my
mouth! The Tue imperfect state of this ballad, which was written
person went out, and he insisted (went several years ago, is not a circumstance affected for on), yet he saw him neither come in nor go out.» the purpose of giving it that peculiar interest, which is
The Life and Prophecies of Mr Alexander Peden, often found to arise from ungratified curiosity. On
late Minister of the Gospel at New Glenluce, in Galthe contrary, it was the author's intention to have loway, part ii. section 26. completed the tale, if he had found himself able to succeed to his own satisfaction. Yielding to the opinion of persons, whose judgment, if not biassed by the par
The Pope he was saying the high, high mass, tiality of friendship, is entitled to deference, the au All on Saint Peter's day, thor has preferred inserting these verses, as a fragment,
With the power to liim given, by the saints in heaven, to his intention of entirely suppressing them.
To wash men's sins away. The tradition, upon which the tale is founded, regards a house, upon the barony of Gilmerton, near
The Pope he was saying the blessed mass, . Lasswade, in Mid-Lothian. This building, now called
And the people kncel'd around; Gilmerton Grange, was originally named Burndale,
And from each man's soul his sins did from the following tragic adventure. The barony of
As he kiss'd the holy ground.
And all, among the crowded throng, lady was seduced by the abbot of Newbottle, a richly
Was still, both limb and tongue, endowed abbey, upon the banks of the South Esk,
While through vaulted roof, and aisles aloof, now a seat of the Marquis of Lothian. Heron came to
The holy accents rung. the knowledge of this circumstance, and learned, also, that the lovers carried on their guilty intercourse by the connivance of the lady's nurse, who lived at this
1 This tradition was communicated to me by John Clerk, Esq. of
Eldin, author of an Essay upon Naral Tactics; who will be rememhouse, of Gilmerton Grauge or Berndale. He formed a
bered by posterity, as having taught the Genius of Britain 10 conresolution of bloody vengeance, undeterred by the sup- centrato ber thunders, and to launch them against her foes with an posed sanctity of the clerical character, or by the unorring aim.