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Tictim, in approbation of the deed. . Proceedings of the Highland Society He was left to view a considerable
of Scotland. time, and was then carried by the kurries to the golgotha, where I have
(Concluded from page 6.] VIR JOHN SINCLAIR then called
the pers assembled here at this time, no the merits of a Plough, which had accurate calculation can be made. been this day exhibited to the SoThe natives themselves, when speakciety by John and Alexapder Small, ing of the numbers at particular fes- Ploughmakers, Leith Walk. Sir tivals, usually say that a lack of John stated, that this Plough was people (100,000) would not be miss- upon... scale considerably reduced, ed." I asked a Brahmin, how many both in weight and expence, (the he supposed were present at the particulars of which he mentioned,) most numerous festival he had ever from the best Ploughs now in use, witnessed. • How can I tell,' said and therefore was well adapted to he, · how many grains there are in small farms in the Highlands, espea handful of sand?'
cially for light soils, as this Plough
would require much less force to Annual Expences of the Idol Juggernaut, draw it, than any of the Ploughs presented to the English Government.
in common use. The Patriotic
Baronet took that opportunity of (Extracted from the Official Accounts.)
bringing in the view of the Society, !. Expences attending the
the merits of the late James Small, tabie of the Idol, - 36115=1.4514
the inventor of the Plough, known 2. Do. of his dress or wear
under his name, and father of the ing apmirel,
2712 839 two young men who had construc3 Do. of the wages of his
ted the one on a reduced scale, servants,
just recommended to attention. 4. Do. of contingent ex
That there were few individuals to Pences at the different seasons of pilgrimage, 10989 1373
whom the Agriculture of Scotland 5. Do. of his elephants &
was more indebted, than to the late hrnes,
378 James Small, forby his ingenuity and 6. Do. of his rutt or annual
exertions, the most useful implement state carriage,
6713 839 of our husbandry had been essentialRupees 69616=L.8702 ly improved; that only two years
back, the Society had readily and In item third, “wages of his ser- liberally contributed to a subscripfants, are included the wages of the tion then going forward, for rewardcourtesans, who are kept for the ser. ing Andrew Meikle, the inventor vice of the temple.
of the Threshing-Mill now in ge Item sixth. What is here called in neral use, when a sum had been col-, the official account the state car
lected sufficient to enable Mr Meiriage,' is the same as the car or tower. kle to spend the concluding period Mr Hunter informed me that the of his life in comfort, and to leave three state carriages' were decorat- his family in a state in which they ed this year (in June 1806) with never expected to be placed. That upwards of L. 200 sterling worth of James Small having left his family English broad cloth.
in straitened circumstances, which, besides inconvenience to them, he considered a public loss, as it pre
vented them from supplying Ploughs February 1812.
upon their father's plan, or the one him, in which he inserts the pro now constructed by themselves, as ceedings and premiums of the Soextensively as would be desirable; ciety, was laid before the Meeting : he therefore trusted, that the So- the Society authorised their Secreciety would be disposed to contri- tary to thank Mr Clennell for his bute to and countenance a sub. communication. scription for James Small's family; The Meeting having, on motion, and therefore moved—“ That it proceeded to the election of Presibe referred to the Directors, to as. dent, Vice-Presidents, and other certain the merits of the Plough officers for the current year, the shown to the Society this day, con- following noblemen and gentlemen structed by John and Alex. Small; were chosen, viz.and to consider of the propriety of His Grace the Duke of Moncontributing to and countenancing trose-re elected President. a subscription for the family of the Most Noble the Marquis of late James Small, whose ploughs have Douglas and Clydesdale, Right been found the most generally use. Honourable the Earl of Wemyss ful of any hitherto invented, and and March, Right Hon. the Earl to report to what extent the Socie- of Aboyne, and Right Hon. Lord ty ought to sanction and support Viscount Melville - Vice-Presidents. such subscription."— The Society William Macdonald, Esq. of St. referred Sir John Sinclair's motion Martin's, Treasurer. to the Directors for their conside- Donald Maclachlan of Maclachration.
lan, Esq. Secretary, It was stated to the Meeting, Robert Wilson, Esq. accountant that in consequence of the sum vo- in Edinburgh, Auditor of Acted by the Society, for constructing counts. a Reaping Machine, upon the prin- Rev. Dr George Baird, Princiciples of the model invented by Mr pal of the University of Edinburgh, Blaikie, armourer of the Lanark- Chaplain. shire militia, the machine had been Mr Lewis Gordon, Deputy Semade in its extended form, and cretary and Collector. tried, according to the information Mr David Watson, Recorder received, with considerable success. and Clerk.
The model of a Revo ving Bat- Mr Alexander Cunningham, tery, for the defence of the coasts, Jeweller and Medallist. was exhibited by Mr Gillespie, the Mr John Campbell, Translator inventor, which had met with the of the Gælic Language. approbation of several military and Besides Thirty Ordinary Direcnaval gentlenien qualified to judge tors, resident in Edinburgh, for of its merits. The Society, al- managing the affairs of the Society, though desirous to encourage everywhereof seven go out by rotation ingenious and useful invention, annually; the Meeting also made did not consider this within the choice of the following Noblemen objects of their Institution, and and Gentlemen, as Extraordinary therefore suggested to the inventor, Directors, several of whom are to apply in the proper channel for only occasionally in town, and support and patronage.
cannot regularly attend the stated A letter from Mr Clennell, of meetings, viz. Homerton, Middlesex, accompanied His Grace the Duke of Atholl. with a set of an Agricultural and Right Hon. Lord Viscount CathCommercial Magazine, published by
Right Hon. Lord Ruthven. inserted to prove the existence of the Right Hon. Lord Seaforth. said James C:aufurd, and tacks and Hon. Douglas Gordon Halybur- entries from Smith at Tudshill, and ton, of Halyburton.
Wylie at Giffordland, which he viSir George Stewart, of Grand- tiated for the same purpose ; at least tully, Baronet.
Bradley did so by his direction, or Francis Garden Campbell, Esq. with his consent. These papers were of Troup and Gleniyon.
produced in a civil claim which he Colonel R. W. Duff, of Fetter. raised before the sheriff, which was
resisted by Lady Mary Lindsay, and Ranald Macdonald, Esq. of
a conjunct probation allowed. How Staffa.
the civil action might have been de. William Arbuthnott, Esq. All other matters have been re- Fanning, who had been employed by
cided, it is impossible to say ; but ferred to the Directors, among Bradley to forge and vitiate the pawhich was the model of a machine for hummelling barley, invented by pers, gave information to Lady Mary, Mr Mitchell," mill-wright, at Bis
in consequence of which the fraud hops Mill near Elgin :-The Meet. was discovered, and the present trial ing then voted the thanks of the followed. The execution of the forSociety to Lord Elibank, the Vice- geries was astonishingly ingenious ; President in the Chair, for his at
ihat one witness swore tention to the business of the day. to the integrity of a lease which Fan
ning confessed he himself had forged.
The following, among others, is Trial of John Lindsay Craufurd and the copy of a letter having the forJames Bradley, for falsifying Pa. ged subscription of the Earl of Crau
furd, and pretended to be written to pers.
David Blair of Giffordland, near 'HIS very singular case, which Beith, dated 220 February 1751.
hab exeited so muc i attention, “ Am sorry to inform you my originated in the follow
circum- uncle James Craufurd is rather trou. stances: John Lindsay Craufurd, con blesvine. He has wrote to me from ceiving the design of proving himself Castledawson for more money, alrightful heir to the titles and estates though, you know, I made iim seof the Earl of Craufurd, as, heir veral remittances since his patrimony male of Patrick, first Viscount Gar- was spent, exclusive of the many bulls I nock, and having heard that the Hon. had to pay by his frequent visits from James Craufurd, an uncle of the vis. Ireland to Scotland heretofore. Becount's, had been in Ireland, imagi- ing obliged to deny him, will not anned, if he could prove a James Crau. swer his letter this time. I request furd, (the existence of whom is pro- you to write him, pointing out the blematical) the alleged factor at encumbrances i labour under; put him Castledawson, to be the same person off as long as you can, and stop his as the Hon. James Craufurd, the vis son Hew from corning to Kilbirnic couat's uncle, he could establish his in future-his manners, offend me. propinquity to him, and of course Manage what I wrote you in my last his title to the rank and estates. He as well as you can, and put down the therefore procured some books which seeds in the garden as soon as the sea. had formerly belonged to the Castle- son will permit." dawson estats, in which entries were The following was pretended to
be written by James Craufurd himself man was considered as a person of to the above-mentioned Mr Blair, and great ability and discernment, and dated 24th December 1751 : Bradley had resorted to him for the
“ I expected to seen Kilbirnie this purpose of obtaining his advice relalast season.
But from the multipli- tive to certain ambiguous parts of old city of business carried on by the Hon. documents discovered at CastledawBaron Dawson, I was prevented; and son in Ireland, which, the prisoner from what you told me in a former had reason to believe, tended to supletter, my son Hew shall never go port the claim of the other prisoner there again, nor any other of my fa- Craufurd : That Mr Fanning, who mily. I see my nephew Lord Crau. now turns out to be one of the most furd has begun to forget me. I wrote profligate and unprineipled of manhim for 501. but he has not yet an. kind, had instigated or encouraged swered my letter, though I told over Bradley to use means of an improper my necessities to bim ; my health on description towards the attainment of the decline, and the many private vex- the desired object. And although ations
yt. I labour under in a strange he hoped the prisoner would be ac. land. I depend on you, as usual, that qnitted completely from the charge you'll intercede for me, and repre- of forgery now libelled, yet if it sent my situation to him, and per. should turn out that the prisoner had haps he may send me 501. which is at all been accessory to the vitiation the last I shall ever ask. He often or falsification of the documents served me from his own private purse, founded on by the prosecutor, he was as well as by you, and I am very confident it would appear, that the thankful; and as his debts are surely party involved most deeply in the well nigh paid, except my Lord Glas- guilt of these misdeeds was the witgow, I hope you will be successful. ness Fanning. He therefore pleaded My compliinents to William Orry not guilty to the crime of forgery, Old Kirk, and all your family; and although, on account of certain adhoping to hear from you per bearer, missions in the prisoner's declaration I am, dear sir, your most obedient founded on, it was deemed proper to humble servant, JAMES CRAUFURD.” give this statement.
The indictment being read, the Mr. Cockburn, for the prisoner pannels pleaded not guilty.
Craufurd, handed written defences to In opening the case on the part of the Court, to which he did not conBradley, Mr Lumsden stated, that ceive it necessary to state any addiuntil the present accusation had been tion. The purport of these defences brought against bim, his character we understand to have been a denial had never hitherto, in any respect, of the prisoner's guilt. He was not been impeached. If it should turn aware that any forgeries had been out in the course of this trial that he committed, but if they were, he was had been concerned in the commis. not accessory to them. sion of any improper acts, it would Thomas Miller, William Rae, Daappear that he had rather been mis- vid Stewart jun. W. S. and Messrs led through simplicity, than from Hunter and Hill, W. S. gave eviany depravity of mind : That his mis- dence, that the pannel had actually fortunes might arise from the circum- laid claim to be served heir to Lord stances of his having been acquainted Viscount Garnock. with Mr Fanning, the principal wit James Smith, Todhills, parish of 1,08s on whom the Crown relied. This Dalry, county of Ayr. About the
latter end of harvest 1810, John but he would not do it at first ; all Montgomerie came to the witness, the Moncgomeries signed it ; Crauand asked him if he had any old pa- furd said, if witness would befriend pers belonging to his grandfather him now in his necessities, he Dr Glasgow, and if there were among would befriend him when he came to them any signed James Craufurd at his kingdomn, and at last he was preCastledawson, or Patrick Viscount of vailed on to sign it, for which he was Garnock! in consequence of which vexed afterwards; he left the whole he made a search, and found a num. leases with Craufurd at Ladeside ; ber signed Patrick Viscount Gar- four weeks after, he received a note nock, but did not find any signed from Craufurd on a Saturday, reJames Craufurd; in January 1811, questing him to come and take tea he went to John Montgomerie's at with him at Ladeside ; he went acLadeside, carrying with him a num. cordingly, but Craufurd was not at ber of old papers, something between home; he then called on Mr Cucha dozen 'and a score, among which rane, and returned again about 11 were some old tacks; he examined o'clock, when he saw Mr Craufurd, them twice carefully before he car. who asked for his family, and then ried them to Ladeside, and is certain went out of the room, leaving witness rone of them were signed James alone with Bradley. Bradley gave witCrawfurd, but some of them were ness the papers back, wrapped up in signed Patrick Viscount Garnock; a piece of an old newspaper, saying the prisoners Craufurd and Bradley he wished to receive them before wito were at Ladeside, and he gave them nesses; when witness went home, he the papers to examine whether lighted a candle, and looked at the any of them were signed James Crau. tacks, when he perceived that the old furd; John, Peter, and William subscriptions had been erased, and Montgomerie were in the room at the James Craufurd 'put in their stead; time; after the prisoners received the (here a tack was shown, which witpapers, they left the room together; ness identified, and said, that when Bradley returned with some four pa. he saw it formerly, there was a greatpers, and laid them on a chair, at the er appearance of erasure at the signasame time desiring witness to proceed ture than now.) On the Monday foland search, as he might find some. lowing, Bradley called on witness, thing yet ; Mrs Montgomerie lifted and desired him to put the tacks, and from the bottom of the chair a square two letters which he brought with paper folded like a letter, which, she ' him, among Dr Glasgow's old pasaid, would make her Lady Kilbir- pers; the letters were one signed nie ; Bradley wanted to look at it, James Craufurd, Castledawson, adbut she would not let him ; said it dressed to Dr Glasgow, surgeon at was a letter from James Craufurd, Kilbirnie, the other signed Garnock, Castiedawson, addressed to Dr Glas. dated Edinburgh. He mentioned to gow; witness tried to see it ; when Bradley, that he thought the subhe attempted to read it, Bradley pull. scriptions of the tacks were altered, ed it out of his hand; he is certain which he acknowledged, but said, as it was not among the papers he the papers were so old, it could do brought to Ladeside, the paper look no harm to any one ; the letters, ed cleaner like; he was then asked if Bradley said, he had found about he would sign it as one of the papers Kilbimnie ; witness refused having which had been found at his house, any thing to do with the papers, as