Counsel for the crown, the Lord some seams of coal. The trap is in Advocate, Mr Solicitor-general, and some cases distinctly columnar; and William Boswell, Esq. advocate ; in many other places it shews a agent Hugh Warrender, Esq. writer tendency to this form. He obseryto the signet. Counsel for the pri- ed, that these circumstances might soners, John Archibald Murray, give occasion to some geologists Francis Jeffrey, Henry, Cockburn, to class the trap of the Campsie and Hugh Lumsden, Esgrs. advo- district with volcanic products, of cates ; agents Mt Cameron, and Ms which however he saw no sympton. Archibald Brodie, writers.

He then pointed out that. nature produces these forms both in the

moist and in the dry way, and gave Proceedings of the Wernerian Natu- examples of both. In the moist way, ral History Society.

he said that these forms are seen in A T the meeting of this society greatest perfection in warm climates;

on the 18th January, profes- and drew his example, in this mode, sor Jameson read a paper on por. site of ancie:it Carthage; where a

from the coast of Africa, near the phyry, in wbich he described se- veral species of transition-porphy- small lake, with a deep clay bottom ry as occurring along with grey had been accidentally drained by the Facke, &c. in different parts of wearing down of a part of its barriScotland. He also gave a particu- er, and where the clay deposite had lar account of a floetz-porphyry, split into vertical columns, 18 feet which likewise occurs in Scotland, high, and from a foot and a half to and appears to belong to the old red three feet in diameter. The examsandstone formation. The profes- ple in the dry way he took from the sor conjectured that this foeiz por. island of Felicuda, one of the most phyry may be the mother stope of westerly of the Lipari islands. In the porphyritic felspar lavas which the lavas of that island which have are found in some countries, and taken the columnar forms, he mentonsequently that lavas may occur tioned having seen obsidian and

pais rocks of an older date than those mice which had been in flow with of the newest floetz-trap series. the leva, and are seen combined in At the same meeting Mr W.E.Leach one of its congealed streams. read a description of two species of shark found in the Scottish seas, il

SCOTISH REVIEW. lustrative of a proposed subdivision of the genus squalus of Linnæus. A Breefe Memorialle of the Life At the meeting on 1st February,

and Death of Dr. James Spottisa communication from Lieut. Col. wood, Bishop of Clogher in IreImrie was read, containing an ac

land; and of the Labyrinth of coopt of the district of country in

Troubles he fell into in that KingStilingshire called the Campsie dom, and the Manner of the Une Hils, illustrated by some interest happie Accident brought such trouing geological facts observed by the bles upon him. Colonel on the coast of the Medi From a MS. in the Auchinleck terranean. The Campsie Mills con

-Library sist of trap rocks of great thickness; 4to. pp. 78. Constable & Co. 18] I. under which sandstone occurs; and below this, lie beds of limestone, IT is well known, that the library , at


the best collections of old manu- this character seem to have been scripts, which exist in this country. extremely successful. Our author It was collected by the industry of says: the late Lord Auchinleck ; and we are happy to find, that the present “This meanwhile, the Bishoppe of intelligent possessor is disposed no Clogher havinge but twoo children, - longer to allow its treasures to re- and bothe marriageable, a Sonne " main buried, but has begun to pre- and a Daughter. Sr James Areskin, sent the world with curious speci- by the Lord Balfoures advice, made mens from it. The narrative now a motion for marrynge a Sonne of * under our notice relates to a mem- his, a Master of Art, to the Bish·ber of a family, which made a dis- opps Daughter, uppon whome: he tinguished figure in the history of would bestowe the Lands of Agher: Scotland, both civil and ecclesiasti- The Bishoppe, allthoughe he had cal. But its chief interest is derived farr better matches offered him, yet from the very remarkable nature of he was perswaded by the Deane, his personal history, and from the the Archdeacon, and manie other light which it throws upon the state his countriemen, to hearken to of Ireland during that age.

Sr James, whose estate them was James Spottiswood was born at not knowne to be at so lowe an ebb. Calder in Mid Lothian; was son to Sr Jaines then brought his Sonne to John Spottiswood, a leading actor the Bishopps howse, and brought in the reformation, and one of the the young Vaide, by manie Golden first provincial superintendants. He "promises, to a foolishe paradise. · was brother to Dr. Spottiswood, There rested nothinge ufowe but · Archbishop of St. Andrews. Ha- Drawinge a contract, and so Solemving rendered an important service 'nize the Marriage, Wch Sr James to his king in the discovery of a basted, for he longed to finger the conspiracy formed against that mo. Bishopps moneye: But when the narch's life, he was rewarded with Bishopps learned Councell was mett promotion in the church, and was to putt the Contract in forme; at length advanced to the see of Sr James made newe propositions, Clogher in Ireland. This elevation so unreasonable and so farr from the however, instead of securing hap- first Communing, that the Bishoppe piness to him, was only the com• brake of the meetinge, desyred his mencement of his troubles, A dead- Daughter to estrange herselfe from ly resentment was, for some reason their companie, and requested or other, conceived against him by Sr James and his Sonne to forbeare Sir James Balfour, second son of his howse. The Lord Balfour, inSir James Balfour of Pettendreich forined of these proceedings, he and Monquhanny, in the county of thought it highe tyme to act his Fife, who being a favourite of part; so tooke occasion to speake James, had been created Lord Bal- wth the young people, assured them four, and had received a grant of they would never have the Bish. lands in Ireland. We scarce re- opps consent, who was nowe fullie member a parallel to the series of informed of Sr James Areskins his fierce and unremitting persecution, decaied estate, and his inabilitie to which this nobleman carried on a- performe what he had promised: gainst the unfortunate bishop. He He advysed them therefore to goe attacked him first under the guise on and make up the matche beof friendship; and his operations in tweene themselves, wherewth the


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Bishoppe would be doubtles of brewed. The Bishoppe replyed, fended at first; but that he was a that he had allreadye consented to kinde man, and they woulde ge: annother motion made unto him by bis goodwill afterward, when he Sr Stephen Butler himself for his same they could not be parted. It brothers daughter, a beautiful Genwas concluded by Sr James and tlewoman, and well bredd, wth bis three Sonnes, that this Coun- whome he offered Securitie - for cell should be followed; So one 1200lb. portion; The Lord Balfour daye when the Bishoppe had much. replyed, that that gentlewoman had companie dyneinge wth him, and the confessed to himself shee was handBishopps wyef was attending her fast before shee came out of Engonly Sonne, who was periliously land, and that Sr Stephen made this sick that same tyme, theye brybed Offer onlie to hinder the match, and a Serving woman of the howse to so renue his old suite; So never bring the Bishopps Daughter to tooke rest till he made up the match the Streete, so entysed her to betweene the Bishopps Sonne and Sr James Areskins chamber, where the Ladye Valencia her Niece. the marriage was made up by some Nowe had the Lord Balfour matchDeboysed Minister

. The Bishoppe ed both the Bishopps Children, in lide suspected the Lord Balfour to no good intention to him nor Them have any hand in this busynes, who neither.” Fet had a further fetch: ffor, soone Balfour however soon after shewafter,seeing the Bishoppe much grie- ed himself an open enemy, and unyed, he made a proiect to him der pretences, which could only have hove to defeat Sr James Areskin been advanced in the then unsettled and his Sonnes of their evill intentions; He discoursed to the Bish

state of the country, endeavoured

to deprive the Bishop of great part oppe of St James Areskins povertie, of his property. Spottiswood was and his intention to make up his de- obliged to come over to England in Cayed estate by the Bishopps order to support his claim, but mennes : He perceaveth yor sonne, could scarcely maintain his ground sayd he, to be sicklie, and assureth against the intriguing activity of himself to gett all you have in ende. Balfour. About this time happened But yf you will be advysed by me, (sayd he,) I will teach you howe to

an incident, which gave a great addefeat them of theire purpose, and is an account of the provocation

vantage to the latter. The following howe to strengthen yprself wth a which led to it. better friendshippe in this kingdone. There is, sayd he, a mayde,

« There was one Șr John Wisha niece to the Viscountess of Valen- ard, sometyme Lord of Pittarro in cia, both wise and virtuous, and like Scotland, who havinge consumed to be a great match; ffor my neigh- his estate there, begged some ésbour S: Stephen Butler (sayd he) cheated Landes in the County of Fas offered to have 1500lb.'wth her, ffermannagh, and was possessed of and greater matters in hope; I will 24 Townes or Tates of the Bishopp tynde the waye, (sayd he,) to make of Cloghers lands, next adiacent to 8 Stephen leave of the Suite ; If the

Temporall Landes, ttor wch he can compasse the was to paye the Bishopp 361b. per Maydes goodwill, you maie make annum.

annum. The Bishopp of Clogher up a fayre estate for yor Sonne, let sent to him manye tymes for his For daughter drincke as shee hath Rent, But he did onlye defer to pay

yor Sonne, then,

it, but returned the Bishopps Mes. of Sr John Wishards servants was senger wth a disdainful and uncivil too fforwarde to offer vyolence, Letter. The Bishopps servants com- They gave him a little knock on the inige into the knowledge of the con- head ; But the verie next daye af. tents of This Letter, desyred the ter came Sr John Wimbes, highe Bishop to give them leave and they Sheriff, wth 30 or 40 of Balfours would take a distresse for his Rent; Tenaunts and servants, and did drive So, by his direction, they went to awaye all the goods about the Bishhis dwelling place at Clanteverin, opps howse, and thoughe there was and brought awaie 16 poore beastes, good suretie offered him that the Cowes and heyfers, prised at Nyne goods should be foorthcominge, and pounds. Sr John tooke this in great the Bishopp should aunsweare what snuffe, and, by Balfours advyse, could be iustlye demaunded of him, tooke out from the Sheriff of the yet the Sheriff would not render Countye a Writt of Repleven to Three fayre Stood Mares and theire fetche back the goods uppon secu- Coltes: They were so lovelye beasts ritie. There was no formalitie kept He tooke them awaye wth ym.” in takeinge out the writt, nor in the

The Bishop having in vain atexecution thereof, and Sr John Wishard scorned to redeeme his tempted to obtain redness by fair goods ; the BishoppBailey" there means, determined to seek it by a

retaliation of the injury. fore sold the Catteli. Balfour heareinge of these proceedings, was gladd “ Some Twoo Dayes after the to fynd'so fytt occasion for his

pur- 2d of December, The Bishopps sera pose ; He sent therefore for Șr John vants went out againe, some ffyve Wishard and St John Wimbes, his in number, to take a Distresse fora sonne in law, who by his meanes had Sr John Wishards Rent, who, as byn Highe Sheriff Twoo yeares To- they were passinge by the Lord Balgither; So perswaded the Sheriffe to fours Towne, perceaved the Lord graunt SrJohn a Writt of Withernam, Balfours stood of Mares to be pasto take as much of the Bishopps good turinge on the Bishopps land, for as the Bishopps servants had taken of wch Balfour refused to paie Rent : his. It was done accordinglie. So the They resolved, therefore, to goe no Bishopp being at Dublyn, called up further, so severed a parte of the for his Maties service, sixe orseaven of stood, and drove them towards InBalfours, and Sr John Wimbes, and diskilling, and were gone Deere Sr John Wishards servants came to seaven myles frem the place before Portora, the Bishopps dwelling place, Sr John Wimbes & above ThreeInniskilling, and drave awaie be- score of the Lord Balfours Ten. eveene 40 & 50 English : Cowes, aunts and servants overtooke them. worthe three pownds a piece, wch Sr John incensed wth the indignitie Cowes belonged to Sr Henrye Spot- he thoughte done him so latelie, tiswood, the Bishopps sonne. SrHen- He wthout any woords, at the verie Tyes servants and some of the Bish- first, thrust William Galbrieth opps servants that were left at home, through the showider wth a pyke, informed heereof, they followed the Then twoo or three of his CompaCattell, and overtakinge them at nie gare him divers other woundes. the Bridge of Inniskilling, when Humphrye Galbrieth seeing his they would not shewe theire war- Brother in this case, he called to tant for taking away the Cattell, Sr John to forbeare, and he should they rescued them; and when one have all content, to whome Sr John


subsweared, as the Bishopps ser- began to live in peace, and seemed vants affirmed, Devill have my even at the summit of his wishes. Soule yf wee part so, whereuppon His repose however was soon interHumphrye grasled wth Sir John; rupted by the dissensions in Eny. and while they were wrestlinge in a land between Charles I. and his pardirtye Bogg, one Davyd Balfour liament, which, extending to IreFounded Humphrye in divers pla- land, broke out into a civil war, the ces. Humphrye layeing his ac- most desolating and sanguinary. In compt his Brother was killed and 1664 our prelate sought refuge in himself could not esoape, He tooke London, where he died the same hould of a long Skeane was about year, and was buried near his broSt John Wimbes, and therewth did ther, the archbishop of St Andrews. give him a deadlie wound ; So they The whole of the manuscript exparted ; ffor St Johns Companie ga- cept a few pages at the end, is writthered all about Sr John himself, ten in a handwriting, which the and pursued the Bishopps servants Editor considers to be that of Dr no further. The Bishopps men had Spottiswood himself. lost muche blood, and were all sore Founded, so kad muche adoe to gett

The Scottish Adventurerers; or the home. They did not acquaint the

Way to Rise ; an Historical Tale, Bishopp wth that was done, neither

by Hector Macneill, Esq. 2 vols. did he suspect that unhappie acci

small 8vo. 12s. Blackwood. dent till St William Cole came to FEW objects are of (more imporPortera, and afirmed that Sr John tance to society, than the state was deadlie hurt, and therefore re- of education among that numerous quired the Bishopp to enter into a and very useful class, who are raisRecognisaunce of a Thowsand ed immediately above the lowest. Powndes to make his servants These compose the better order of foorthcominge at the next Assi- mechanics and tradesmen; they

not only themselves perform i

great part of the business of the The Bishop however was after- Society, but superintend and eniwards prevailed upon, seemingly by ploy the bulk of the labouring cointhe most direct falsehoods, to enter munity. They do not merely work isto a recognizance to the extent of with their hands, but require a veL1500 for the appearance of his ry considerable share of intelligence kervants. The servants however re- and information. 'Their situation fused to appear; and the affair af- too renders them liable to certain forded to Balfour ground for a se errors in the mode of training their pies of intrigues, treachery, and families. In general, they have a chicanery, such as can scarcely be propensity to look upwards: they paralleled in the annals of the most are ambitious to remove themselves, prodigate courts. The Bishop who, as far as possible, from the class in.it is said, would have been com- mediately beneath, and which is apt pletely ruined by the payment of to claim a connexion with them. In the sum, had his life for many years all their habits, they are ever disporendered miserable by this prosecu- sed to an imitation of the gay and tion. At length the violence of fashionable circles; and this tenBalfour excited against him such a dency has become peculiarly strong general hostility, that he found it in the present age, which has been advisable to quit the kingdom, and distinguished by the general diffusetire to London. The Bishop now sion of luxury throughout all ranks.


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