On a certain Species of Inhospitality. 15 the winter. On this occasion the sum of 20,0001. Part of the money right honourable Charles Hope was recovered, and Mr Walsh, took his seat as Lord President, the after an examination, fully commitright honourable David Boyle as ted for trial. Justice Clerk, and Robert Craigie, 19. Mr and Mrs Williamson, and Esq. presented the Regent's letter, their servant maid, all murdered, naming him one of the Lords of in Mr Williamson's house, Gravel Session.

Lane, London. A reward of 5001. 15. A ferry-boat lost between offered to discover the murderers. Fort George and Fortrose, and elev 21. A house in Castlehill, Edinen persons drownéd.

burgh, blown up by gunpowder; 16. Robert Craigie, Esq. took one woman was killed, and several his seat as one of the Judges of the other persons wounded, one of Court of Session, by the title of whom (a woman), is since dead. Lord Craigie.

24. Bonaparte, by a decree, calls - Serious riots at Nottingham, out 120,000 men, of the conscripcreated principally by the journey- tion of 1812. men weavers destroying articles of 27. Williams, one of the persons machinery which diminished the apprehended on suspicion of being demand for labour.

concerned in the murders at Rat21. Dr Sheridan, one of the cliffe Highway and New Gravel Catholic delegates, tried in the Lane, found suspended in his cell Court of King's Bench, Dublin, in Coldbath-fields prison. From and acquitted.

evidence examined since his death, 27. Á powder-mill blew up at little doubt remains of his being Waltham Abbey, by which seven one of the perpetrators of these persons lost their lives.

horrid crimes. 30. David Williamson and Adam New-year's day morning a verv Gillies, Esqrs. took their seats on great number of people were knockthe bench, the former as Lord Bal. ed down and robbed on the streets gray, the latter as Lord Gillies. of this city, some of them danger

- Horrid mutiny and murder ously hurt. The most active meacommitted on board a prize ship in sures have been adopted by the mathe Channel. The perpetrators gistrates to discover the offenders. were convicted, and "hanged at A policeman died in the Royal inPortsmouth.

firmary, three days after, in conseDec. 5. The Saldanha frigate, quence of the hurts he received on Captain the honourable W. Paken- this occasion. ham, lost off the coast of Ireland, with all the crew.

On a certain specics of Inhospitalitij. 7. Mr and Mrs Marr, their infant son, and a servant lad, aged E are not so hospitable as we 14, most inhumanly murdered in

once were; but this is the their own house, in Ratcliffe High natural consequences of increased way, London. A reward of 5001. civilization and intercourse with offered by Government for a disco- strangers. Our hospitality now, is very of the perpetrators.

confined to our own friends and ac10. Benjamin Walsh, Esq. Mem- quaintances; but among some of us ber of Parliament for Wooton Bas there is a strange species of inhossett, apprehended at Falmouth, for pitality, which, for the honour of feloniously stealing from Sir Thomas Scotland, cannot be too strongly Plomer, the Solicitor-General, the resisted before it takes such deep



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root as to be afterwards immoveable. horses at an inn which does not It was first introduced by a few. "belong (for that is a matter to be great men, and has been since considered) to the said A; and anxiously copied by a great many when the said A returns my visit, *little men.

What I allude to, is it costs him the same. Now had A the mean practice of not receiving received my horses, and I his, it the horses and servants of visitors; would not have cost each of us abut of dismissing them, however bove a third of that sum. Ergo, we tired or jaded, to some paltry ale- lose just twenty shillings a piece house, or perhaps to an inn at a by this refinement in hospitality. considerable distance. With great R. E. D. For my own part, I conmen who do not return visits, this fess I would take it quite as kind may answer very well; and may to be sent to the alehouse myself, save to them at the years end, five as to have my servants and horses and twenty, or even thirty pounds; sent thither; and the former, ina sum, certainly not to be overlook- deed, I think, would be a great ed in these hard times. It is true, improvement upon this species of it will cost their visitors three or hospitality, four times that sum ; but then, I am, Sir, yours, &c. again, the Inn, which probably be

ANDREW AULD. longs to the great man, will fetch a

P. S. If the practice continues, proportionable rent, and by this would it not be a notable improvemeans he is doubly a gainer. Be- ment to convert our Porter's Lodges sides, however the horses may fare, into inns. the servants have themselves to blame if they have not every thing that is best; they are, in fact, Proceedings of the Wernerian masters, for the time; and may

Society. order what they please, without the smallest chance of their masters learning what they are about; Sari AT the meeting of this Society,

on the 14th December, Proif they should be afraid of swelling fessor Jameson read a short geneout the bill for their own entertain- ral account of the geognosy of the ment too much, there is an easy Stewartry of Kirkcudbright. It method, though probably unknown would appear from the Professor's to our chemists, of converting oats description, that the greater porinto porter, or even into wine! tion of this part of Scotland is comNot to mention the many useful les- posed of grey-wacke, grey-wacke sons which a country booby of a slate, and transition slate, with subservant will naturally learn by fre- ordinate beds of transition porphyry, quent communications with imma- transition greenstone, and Hinty culate hostlers and chaise drivers ! slate. But three tracts, the first Now, although I have clearly shown of which contains the mountain of that this practice is really profitable Criffle, the second Cairnsmuir of to the great man who does not return Dee, &c. and the third Loch Doune, visits, yet, I confess, I do not see are composed of granite, sienite, either the profit or economy of it sienitic porphyry, and killas. The to the little man who does. But, sienite and granite, in some places, to put the matter in a clear light, are covered by the killas ; in other let us suppose that when I go to places the granite and sienite rest visit my friend A, it costs me upon the killas ; and Professor Jathirty shillings for my serrants and meson also observed the killas al


ternating with beds of granite and and mathematical learning, he came sienite, and veins shooting from the 'to Edinburgh, where he entered upgranite into the adjacent killas. The

on the study of medicine, under these granitous rocks, besides felspar, eminent medical teachers, Munro, quartz, mica, and hornblende, also Rutherford, Sinclair, Plummer, Alcontain imbedded rutilite, titanitie, ston, and James. After learning iron-ore, and molybdena ; and, in what was to be acquired at this unirolled masses of a reddish coloured versity, in the prosecution of his sienite, crystals and grains of zircon studies, he visited foreign countries; were observed. Professor Jameson also stated several of the characters teachers at London, Paris, and Ley.

and, after attending the most eminent of the killas, described the magnetic den, he had the degree of doctor of pyrites it contains, noticed its affinity with certain rocks of the physic conferred upon him by the transition class, and exhibited University of Rheims in 1736, being specimens to illustrate this affinity.

then in the 22d year of his age. At the same meeting, there was

Upon his return to his native counread a series of thermometrical ob- try, he had the same honour also con servations on the temperature of the ferred upon him by the University of Gulf Stream, by Dr Manson of St Andrews; where he had before obNew Galloway: And a description tained, with applause, the degree of of a new craniometer, proposed by master of arts. Mr W. E. Leach, illustrated by a Not long afterwards, in the year sketch.

1737, he was admitted a licentiate of

medicine by the Royal College of Memoirs of the late Dr Robert Whytt, Physicians of Edinburgh ; and, the Professor of Medicine in the Universi' year following, he was raised to the

rank of fellow of the college. From toj Edinburgh, with corrections and

the time of his admission as a licenadditions, from the last edition of tiate, he entered upon the practice of the Encyclopædia Britannica, Vol.

physic at Edinburgh ; and the reputa XX.

tion which he acquired for medical THIS eminent Physician, born at learning, pointed him out as a fit suç

Edinburgh on the 6th Sep- cessor for the first vacant chair in the tember 1714, was the son of Robert university. Accordingly, when Dr Whytt, Esq. of Bennochy, Fifeshire, Sinclair, whose eminent medical abiadvocate, by his wife Jean, daughter lities, and persuasive powers of oraof Anthony Murray, Esq. of Wood- tory, bad contributed not a little to end, Perthshire, advocate, and niece the rapid advancement of the medical of Sir Thomas Murray of Glendoick, school of Edinburgh, found that these baronet, Lord Register in the time conspicuous talents which he possessed, of Charles II. Robert Whytt died couldno longer beexerted in the manner six months before the birth of our which they once had been, when he author, who had also the misfortune enjoyed bodily vigour, unimpaired by to be deprived of his mother soon af- age, and powers of mind unloaded by ter he had attained the 15th year of disease, he resigned his academical aphis age. After receiving the first ru. pointments in favour of Dr Whytt. diments of school education, he was This admission into the college sent to the University of St Andrews, took place on the 20th of June 1746 ; and, after the usual course of instruc- and he began his first course of the tion there, in classical, philosophicai, institutions of medicine at the comJanuary 1812


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mencement of the next winter session. tution of clinical lectures at the Royal The abilities which he displayed from Infirmary, found it necessary to rehis academical chair, in no particular tire from the fatiguing duties of an disappointed the expectations which office, to which the progress of age had been formed of his lectures. The rendered him unequal. On this criLatin tongue was the language of sis, Dr Whytt, Dr Munro sen, and the University of Edinburgh; and Dr_Cullen, each agreed to take a he both spoke and wrote in Latin share in an appointment, in which with singular propriety and perspic their united exertions promised the cuity. At that time, the system and highest advantages to the university. sentiments of Dr Boerhaave, which, By this arrangement, students, who notwithstanding their errors, must had an opportunity of daily witnesschallenge the 'admiration of latest ing the practice of three such teachages; were very generally received byers, and of hearing the grounds of the most intelligent physicians in that practice explained, could not fail Britain. Dr Whytt had no such idle to derive the most solid advantages. ardour for novelties as to throw them In these two departments, the inentirely aside, because he could not stitutions of medicine in the univerfollow them in every particular. The sity, and the clinical lectures in the institutions of Dr Boerhaave, there. Royal Infirmary, Dr Whytt's acadefore, furnished him with a text for mical labours were attended with the his lectures ; and he was no less suc most beneficial consequences, both to cessful in explaining, illustrating, and the students and to the university. But establishing the sentiments of the au• not long after the perisd we have last thor, when he could freely adopt them, mentioned, his lectures on the former than in refuting them by clear, con- of these subjects underwent a consinected, and decisive arguments, when derable change. About this time the he had occasion to differ from him. illustrious Gaubius, who had succeed. The opinions which he himself pro. ed to the chair of Boerhaave, favourposed were delivered and enforced ed the world with his Institutiones with such acuteness of invention, such Pathologiae. This branch of medidisplay of facts and force of argu cine had, indeed, a place in the text ments, as could rarely fail to gain uni- which Dr Whytt formerly followed, versal assent from his numerous audi- but, without detracting from the tors ; but free from that self-sufficien- character of Dr Boerhaave, it may cy which is ever the offspring of justly be said, that the attention he had ignorance and conceit, he delivered bestowed upon it was not equal to its his conclusions with becoming modes- importance. Dr Whytt was sensible ty and diffidence.

of the improved state in which pathoFrom the first time that he entered logy now appeared in the writings upon an academical appointment, till of Boerhaave's successor; and he made the year 1756, his prelections were no delay in availing himself of the ad. contined to the institutious of medi- vantages which were then afforded. cine alone. But at that period, his In the year 1762, his pathological learved colleague, Dr Rutherford, lectures were entirely new modelled. who then filled the practical chair, Following the publication of Gauwho had already taught medicine at, bius as a text, he delivered a com. Edinburgh, with universal applause, ment, which was read by every infor more than thirty years, and who telligent student with most unfeignhad been the first to begin the insti- ed satisfaction. In these lectures he


collected and condensed the fruits of from the time that he had finished accurate observation and long expe. his academical course, and obtained a rience. Enriched by all the opportu. degree in medicine : but the delay of nities of information which he had this publication was fully compenenjoyed, and by all the discernment sated by the matter which it conwhich he was capable of exerting, tained, and the inproved form under they were justly considered as his which it appeared. most finished production.

The next subject which employed For a period of more than twenty the pen of Dr Whytt was one of a years, during which he was justly nature more immediately practical. held in the highest esteem as a lec- His Essay on the Virtues of Limeturer at Edinburgh, it may readily water and Soap in the Cure of the be supposed that the extent of his Stone, first made its appearance in a practice corresponded to his reputa. separate volume in 1752. Part of tion. In fact, he both received the this second work had appeared seveemoluments and the highest honours ral years before in the Edinburgh that could be obtained. With ex Medical Essays ; but it was now pretensive practice in Edinburgh, he had sented to the world as a distinct pubnumerous consultations from other lication, with many improvements and places. His opinion on medical sub- additions. jects was daily requested by his most His third work, entitled, Physioeminent contemporaries in every part logical Essays, was first published in

of Britain. Foreigners of the first the year 1755. This-treatise con. distinction, and celebrated physicians sisted of two parts : 1st, An Inquiry

in the most remote parts of the Bri- into the Causes which promote the tish empire, courted an intercourse Circulation of the Fluids in the very with him by letter. Besides private small Vessels of Animals, occasiontestimonies of esteem, many public ed by Dr Haller's treatise on that marks of honour were conferred upon subject. The former of these may him both at home and abroad. In be considered as an extension and 1759, he was elected a fellow of the farther illustration of the sentiments Royal Society of London ; in 1761, which he had already delivered in his he was appointed first physician to Essay on the Vital Motions, while the king in Scotland ; and in 1764, the latter was a subject of a controhe was chosen president-of the Royal versial nature. In both he displayed College of Physicians at Edinburgh. that acuteness of genius and strength

But the fame which Dr Whytt of judgment which appeared in his acquired as a practitioner and teacher former writings. of medicine was not a little increased From the time at which his Phyby the information which he com- siological Essays were published, semanicated to the medical 'world in veral years were probably employed different publications. His celebrity by our author in preparing for the as an author was still more extensive press a larger and perhaps a more than his reputation as a professor. important work than any yet men

His first publication, “ An Essay tioned his Observations on the Naon the Vital and other involuntary ture, Causes, and Cure of those DisMotions of Animals," although it orders which are commonly called had been begun soon after he had Nervous, Hypochondriac, and Hyfinished his academical course of edu- steric. This elaborate and usefulwork cation, did not come from the press was published in the year 1765. till 1751 ; a period of fifteen years

The last of Dr Whytt's writings

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