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EDINBURGH LITERARY MISCELLANY,
FOR JANUARY 1812.
Description of the Railway from therefore, how great must be the
Kilmarnock to the Harbour of advantage of forming a communica-
tion between these two points.
This very important improvement HERE is no part of Scotland, has been undertaken by a single in
where improvement is carried dividual, the present Duke of Porton with greater activity, than in the land. It is computed, that it will cost western counties. In our Number upwards of £40,000. The mode of for May 1807, we gave a map and constructing it is thus described by description of the important ca- Mr Aiton. nal forming between Glasgow and Ardrossan. By the favour of Mr « The road is to be double, or two disAiton, we now exbibit a view of tinct roads of four feet in width each, and the Rail-road between Kilmarnock laid four feet, distance from each other, and the Troon; an operation on a
with frequent communications from the smaller scale, indeed, but still likely admit of carriages going both ways, but
one road to the other, so as not only to to prove highly beneficial. It is
to allow one carriage to pass another, when also worthy of notice, as being the both are travelling in one direction. The first undertaking of that nature, of distance between the two rail roads or any magnitude at least, which has courses, being the same as the width of been executed in Scotland. Kil- each, a horse may travel in the middle
space, with a wheel on the inner range of marnock and the country around each of the roads. it, form the most populous and
“ The total rise of the ground, from the flourishing part of Ayrshire. The Trodu harbour to the town of Kilmarnock, only disadvantage under which they is 80 or 84 feet, which is equally divided labour is that of distance from the over the whole course of the road, so as to sea. Ten miles, however, from Kil- form it into an inclined plane, having a demarnock, lies the Troon, which is which is less than one sixteenth of an inch,
clivity of nearly eight feet, every mile, capable of becoming, and will soon in each yard. be rendered, one of the best har
“ The iron rails are feet in length, and bours in Ayrshire. It is obvious, It is obvious, 40 lbs. in weight each. Their horizontal
base, on which the carriage wheels run, is width is to be from 35 to 60 feet. 4 inches in breadth, and the ledge or para- The harbour when finished, will pet, rising perpendicular in the inner side of the rail, is also about
4 inches in height, afford 10 feet water at all times of raised in the centre, and declining at both the tide ; it will admit merchant ends of each rail, to add to its strength. vessels constantly, and ships of war The rails are something broader at both at high water. The expence &ends, to make them lie niore solid on the 'blocks. They are not laid on sleepers of
mounts to 50 or L. 60,000, so that wood; but on solid blocks of stone, from 9 these two 'undertakings together, to 12 inches iu thickness, and generally will not fall short of L. 100,000. more than a foot square, in base and surface. The ground, on which these blocks are laid, is beat solid, and the stones are Proceedings of the Highland Soalso beat down, after being laid, so as to give them all the solidity possible. The
ciety of Scotland, iron rails are bedded level on the blocks,
THE Secretary submitted to the and a hole about an inch and a quarter dia. meter, in the centre of each, six inches deep, is filled with a plug of oak; and a square Directors since the General Meet. niche being formed in the centre, at both ing in July last, and the premiums ends of each of the rails, about half an inch adjudged by them for the year 1811, er below, and when the
ends of two of for bringing waste lands into til? these rails are put together, the niches in lage in different districts of the each of the two rails, form one hole about country, raising green crops in an inch in length, and more than half 'an these parts where that beneficial inch in breadth, contracting a little below; and these being placed over the plug of system has hitherto been but little wood, in the centre of the block of stone,
introduced, meliorating the breed a nail is fixed into it, the head of which of cattle, and to ploughmen for exactly fills up the hole in the ends of the improvement in ploughing, and to two rails, and the holes and heads of the the authors of essays on a variety nails being broader above than below, they keep the rails solid and firm on their beds. of subjects: when the Meeting conThe space of 4 feet between the rails is
firmed the proceedings of the Difilled with road metal for the horse, to rectors, authorised payment of the near the top of the ledges of the rails, and premiums to a larger amount than the outside to the sole of the rails."
on any former occasion, and directIt is understood that when the ed them to be afterwards published railway is finished, a horse going with the names of the preferred from Kilmarnock will be able to competitors. It appearing from the draw upon it from 10 to 12 tons reports, that great attention had and from 8 to 10 in the contrary di- been given by the Conveners and rection.
resident members of the Society, This, however, is not the only to the cattle and ploughing compe'benefit, which the Duke of Portland titions, the last of which, in partiis conferring upon Ayrshire. The cular, continued to excite much eTroon possesses many natural re- mulation and improvement among quisites, by which it is qualified to the ploughmen ; the Meeting voted become an excellent harbour. By its thanks to Sir John Campbell, the great operations which the Duke Sir H. Darymple Hamilton, Sir J. has now undertaken, it will soon be M. Riddell, and Sir J. Macgregor rendered one of the first in Scotland. Murray, Barts.; Mr Garden CampA pier is building, which will ex- bell of Troup, Colonel Duff of Fettend 500 feet into the sea, which teresso, Mr Miller of Glenlee, Mr will be 30 feet high; 13 of them Denistoun of Colgrain, and Mr under water, and 17 above. The Maxwell of Aros, for the attention