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the 830 ; and the left under Major Rudd, notwithstanding all precautions, our bridge of the 17th regiment, The communica- of pontoons was carried away on the 22d tion between the outwork of the body of instant; and the flying bridges were so the place, was entered on its right and much injured, as almost to become useless; teft by the right and left detachments, each but still the operations have been carried consisting of two hundred men; half of on without interruption. cach of which detachments protected the " Since I addressed your Lordship on attack from sallies from the fort, while the the 20th, General Drouet has had his others attacked the works in its gorge. troops on the line between Medellina on
" It was first entered, however, by the the Guadiana, and Zalamea de la Serena, centre detachment of one hundred men, and Llerena, apparently with the view of under the command of the Honourable keeping the communication open between Captain Powys, of the 83d regimeni, who the army of the south and the divisions of escaladed the work at the salient angle, at the army of Portugal, stationed on the Ta4 point of which the palhisades had been -gus. injured by our fire. The detachments · Lientenant-General Sir, Thomas Graham which attacked the work by the gorge had made a movement to Llerena on the 25th the most serious difficulties to contend at night, but the enemy, consisting of three with, as it was closed by not less than three battalions of infantry and two regiments rows of strong pallisades, defended by mus. of cavalry, having heard of his march, ketry, and a place of arms for the garri- retired into the mountains during the son, musket proof, and loopholed through- night. out. When the attack upon the salient " Lieutenant-General Sir Rowland Hill angle, however, succeeded, the whole got has likewise sent a detachment to La Guareinto the work.
na, and proposed to march himself this " The enemy's garrison in the outwerk morning upon Medellina, in order to coconsisted of two hundred and fifty men, operate with Lieutenant-General Sir Thomas with seven pieces of artillery, under the Graham." command of Colonel Gaspard Thiery, of From the date of the investment to the the Etat Major of the army of the South ; 26th March, the British loss has been 7 ofbut very few, if any, escaped. The Colonel, ficers, 5 serjeants, 95 rank and file, killed ; three other officers, and eighty-six men, 28 officers, 15 serjeants, 2 drummers, 447 have been taken prisoners, and the remain- rank and file, wounded; 11 rank and file der was either killed by the fire of our missing. troops, or drowned in the inundation of the
Badajoz is the capital of Estremadura ; River Rivellas, The enemy made a sor it stands on an eminence on the south side tie from the ravelin called St Roque, either of the large river Guadiana, over which with a view to recover La Picurina, or to
there is a bridge 700 paces long, and 14 protect the retreat of the garrison, but they broad, built by the Romans. On this were immediately driven in by the detach- bridge, the Portuguese were defeated by ments stationed in the communication to Don John, of Austria, in 1661. It is 175 protect the attack.
miles S. by W. of Madrid, 170 N. of Cadiz, Brigade-Major Wilde, was unfortu
120 N. by W. of Seville, and 140 E. of Dately kified by a cannon-shot after the Lisbon. Badajoz contain six monasteries, work was in our possession; and Majors the same number of nunneries, and a popuShaw and Rudd, and the Honourable Cap- lation of seven or eight thousand person. tain Powys, were wounded, the latter on
The fortifications are partly ancient and the parapet of the work, which he had been partly modern ; the fine Roman bridge the first to mount by the ladders.
over the Guadiana is defended by a tete de .." We thus estabļished ourselves in La pont, on which a few guns were mounted. Picurina, on the night of the 25th, and On the right bank of the river stands the Opened the second parallel within three fort of St Christoval, which commands the Hundred yards of the body of the place ; in city. Badajoz was twice besieged by the which two batteries were commenced last Portuguese, but was not taken by them. night.
(An Extraordinary Gazette has been re" It is impossible that I can do jus- ceived to-day, (27th) containing accounts tice to the zeal, activity, and indefatigable of the taking of Badajoz, by storm, on the labøur of the officers soldiers with evening of the 6th instant; these dehich these operations have been carried on fails we must defer till our next Number.] in the most unfavourable weather. The Guadiana swelled so considerably, that, After the reduction of Valencia, the
French army under Marshal Suchet invest was completed on the 19th March, and its ed Peniscola, a strong fortress, 13 leagues establishment was celebrated by the acclamfrom Tortosa, which appears, from the mations of the people. following letters, to have been treacherously The guerilla warfare continues throughsurrendered by its Governor. Alicant is the out Spain with unabated spirit ; and proves next strong place in the line of Suchet's sufficiently harassing to the French, in inprogress ; and the French papers say, that tercepting couriers and supplies. To this he is preparing to besiege it in form.
system, however, we can hardly look for Letter from the Marshal commanding any decisive results.
the army of Arragon, to Don Pedro
NORTH OF EUROPE.
The subject of the intelligence from the “ Valencia, Feb. 2.
Continent, for some time past, has been the “ I reply to the proposition for a capitu. immediate prospect of a sanguinary contest lation, which you have made to General
between Russia and France. Bonaparte, Count Severoli, and I am resolved to accept
we are informed, is pouring an immense the principal basis, because I see, with plea- foree towards the Polish frontier. A large sure, that you and the Military Junta en. army, composed of French, Bavarian, Wir. tertain the sentiments of all good Spaniards. temberg, and Saxon troops,' is already on “ I also promise to treat you in such a
its march to the Vistula. The armies of manner as to prove to you the esteem which Austria, Prussia, and the troops of the ConI have for those military Spaniards who are
ederation of the Rhine, will, it is said, asreally the enemies of the English Minister.
sist in the conflict against Russia ; the for“ I authorise the General of Division,
mer are to make the attack on the side of Count Severoli, to receive you, and to allow
Gallicia. you, as well as your officers, to go to Va Russia, on the other hand, has assembled jencia, Tortosa, cr any other place you may ing, according to some accounts, to 280,000
an army on the frontiers of Poland, amount: desire.
“ I am perfectly well acquainted with men ; of which the Emperor takes the comyour present situation, as a part of your let. mand in person, having under him Genetero addressed to General Mahi have fallen rals Barclay de Tolley, and Benningsen.nto my handa.”
Alexander, while such formidable hostility Reply of the Brigadier Don Pedro Garcio is arraying against him, is still engaged in Navarro to the Marshal of the Empire said, have refused to treat for peace.
a useless contest with the Turks, who, it is commanding in chief the army of Arragon. “ Peniscola, Feb. 3.
Sweden, as far as can be judged from ap“ The letter dated the 2d, which you
pearances, seems to favour Russia ; and, it have addressed to me, has afforded
is said, will, in the ensuing contest take an
me, much pleasure, and I only wish for op
active part against France. portunities to prove thesincerity of the prin.
AMERICA. ciples I have manifested. I have followed with zeal, I may say with fury, the party
There is yet no intelligence from this which I thought just, but now that I per
quarter to induce a hope that the matters ceive the necessity for us all uniting our
of difference between Britain and the United selves to our King, to render our country States are in any forward state of amicable less unhappy, I offer you to serve him with adjustment; and we are sorry to find, that the same enthusiasm.
the measure from which, in the mean“ Your Excellency may be sure of me ;
time, considerable relief to the trade of the the surrender of a strong place which has
two countries was expected, has not passed provisions, and all that is necessary for a
into a law. The bill which had been long defence, can only be the effect of a full brought into Congress for admitting into conviction, and serves as a pledge for my America, all goods contracted for in Bri. promises. I salute you with the utmost tain, prior to February 1811, after various respect.”
discussions, was finally rejected. A bill
for appropriating 480,000 dollars for the reThe French troops before Cadiz make pair of ships of war, and 200,000 annually no progress in the siege ; occasionally they for three years, for the purchase of shipthrow in a few shells, but do no damage. timber has been passed ; but the bill for Accounts from that place of the 25th raising 50,000 volunteers did not pass, unMarch, state, that Marshal Soult had taken til the number was reduced to 25,000. A his departure for Seville, whether he had proposal to raise 20,000 men for attacking been followed by a French division.
Canada, was negatived by a majority of 58 The new Spanish constitution, it appears,
CAPTURE OF A FRENCH FRIGATE AND A
NAVAL INTELLIGENCE. and the other surrendering, after being to
tally dismasted and five feet water in her hold; she proved to be the Pomone, of forty-fcur guns and three hundred and twenty two men, commanded by Captain
Rosamel, who fought his ship with a skill (From the London Gazette.) and bravery, that has obtained for him the His Majesty's ship Alceste, off Lissa, other was the Pauline, of similar force,
respect and esteem of his opponents ; the Dec. 1, 1811.
commanded by Monsieur Montford, Captain SIR-His Majesty's ships under my ore du Vaisseau, with a broad pendant ; they ders having been drawn from their ancho were from Corfu, going to join the squafage before Lugina, by strong gales, had dron at Trieste. The Alceste had twenty taken shelter in Lissa, when the telegraph killed and wounded, Active thirty-two, and on Whitby Hill signalised three suspicious Pomone fifty; and it is with poignant resail south; Alceste, Active, and Unite gret I inform you, that Captain Gordon has were warped out of Port St George the lost a leg ; but thank God he is doing well ; moment a strong E. N. E. wind would his merits as an officer I need not dwell permit; and on the evening of the 28th upon, they are known to his country ; and ultimo, off the south end of Lissa, I met
he lives in the hearts of all who have the with Lieutenant M.Dougall, of his Ma- happiness to know him. Ilis first Lieutejesty's ship Unite, who, with a judg. nant, Dashwood, lost his arm soon after ment and teal which does him infinite cre
he was wounded, and the ship was fought dit, had put back, when on his voyage to by Lieutenant Haye, in a manner that reMalta in a neutral, to acquaint he had flects the highest honour upon him ; his seen three French frigates, 40 miles to the services before had frequently merited and southward ; every sail was carried on in obtained the high approbation and strong chace, and at nine on the morning of the recommendation of his Captain, who also 29th the enemy were seen off the island of speaks in the warmest praise of Acting Augusta; he formed in line upon the larboard Lieutenant Moriarty, Mr Lothian, masa tack, and stood towards us for a short ter, Lieutenant Meers, royal marines, and time; but finding his Majesty's ships bearing every officer, seaman, and marine, under upon him under all sail in close line abreast, his command. he bore up to the N. W. and set steering And though our success was not so comsails. At 11 the rear ship separated and plete as I trust would have been, could stood to the N. E.; I immediately detach, the Alceste have taken up her intended poed the Unite after her, (and Captain Cham, sition alongside the Pauline, instead of that berlayne's report to me of the result I have ship, from the fall of her topmast, being the honour to inclose). At twenty minutes unable to maneuvre and chuse her disa after one p. M. the Alceste commenced ac- tance, I feel it my duty to state, that every tion with the other two, by engaging the officer and man here behaved most gallantrear in passing to get at the Commodore, ly.
MURRAY MAXWELL. but an unlucky shot soon afterwards brings. To Captain Rowley, his Majesty's ing down our main-top-mast, we unavoid
ship Eagle, &c. ably dropped a little astern ; cheers of vive l'Empereur, resounded from both ships, they thought the day their own, not aware of what a second I had in my gallant friend
His Majesty's ship Unite, Lissa., Captain Gordon, who pushed the Active up
N. E. five leagues, Nov. 29. under every sail, and brought the stern SIR-1 am to acquaint you that, in obemost to action, within pistol-shot ; the dience to your signal to chase this mornheadmost then shortened sail, tacked and ing, I was enabled, by the superior sailing, stood for the Alceste, (which though disa- of his Majesty's ship under my.coinmand, bled in her masts, I trust he experienced to so far close immediately in the wake of was by no means at her guns), and after a the enemy's frigate at noon, as to exchange warm conflict of two hours and twenty mi. bow and stern chasers, but the very variautes, it ended by the French Commodore able state of the weather from that time, making sail to the westward; which from the wind veering from the south to the my crippled state I was unable to prevent, east, and our opponent keeping us directly
astern, ptevented my getting closer until is now generally admitted, that all it near four o'clock, when part of our broad- tempts to interfere with the free course of side being fired at him, he returned his, the market, would only aggravate the and struck his colours. You will judge mischief. We know, indeed, that all iny astonishment at her proving to be La those who deal in grain, or are any way Persanne, of 360 tons, 29 9-pounders, and concerned in bringing it from the farmer a compliment of 125 men and 65 troops, to the consumer, have generally, in a having on board 120 iron, and a few brass time of dearth, been marked out as the ordnance ; she was commanded by Mons. objects of popular hatred; and this feeling Joseph Endie Satie, Captain de Frigate, has its origin in the notion, that those whose masterly maneuvres and persever. persons, by buying up the grain, occasion ing resistance for near four hours, reflect dearth. Among this class of reasoners, great credit on him. Our masts, çards, of course, every expedient to force down sails, and rigging, bear ample testimony the price of corn by the terrors of law to to his galling fire.
prevent its free transportation from one We have only one man wounded ; the place to another--and generally every enemy two killed and four wounded. The plan which lays restraints on the trade by cooluess and steady attention to my orders preventing corn from being 'freely bought on the part of my First Lieutenant, Mr J. and sold is extremely popular, though W. Crabb, Lieutenant M.Dougall, Lieu nothing is more certain, than that to tenant W. Hotham, Mr Gibson, lately throw obstacles in the way of the sale, is promoted for his gallantry on board the the suré way to stint the supply of the Active, and the whole of the other officers market, and to keep the price higher than and ship's company, could only be equall- it would otherwise be ; and, on the other ed by their extreme disappointment at dis- hand, to give to the farmer or corn covering, at the enemy's surrender, we merchant the most entire liberty to come had beeni opposed to a vessel of inferior to the market, and to go from it exactly force.
as they find it convenient, is the best E: H. CHAMBERLAYNE. method of ensuring a regular supply. It M. Maxwell, Esq. Captain of his
may also be remarked, that not one of Majesty's ship Ayceste.
those regulations for keeping down the price of grain ever produced the slightest
effect; on the contrary, during that barDOMESTIC. INTELLIGENCE.
barous era when the statutes against forestalling and regrating were so much in
vogue, and when they were carried into We regret to observe that in Bristol, effect with great rigour, the country was Manchester, Sheffield, Carlisle, and many often afflicted with the most dreadful faothers of the principal manufacturing mines, and one county was frequently towns in England, serious disturbances distressed for want, while the neighbourhave taken place among the populace, ing counties were in comparative abundoccasioned by the double cause of a want
But such was the difficulty thrown of work and a' dearness of provisions. in the way of trading in grain, or of trans The rioters have in some of these places sporting it from one place to another, committed great excesses. In the neigh- that relief, though so near at hand, was bourhood of Macclesfield some large facto. often procured with the utmost difficulty. ries have been burned, and in Sheffield , The truth is, that the price is fixed by the the mob seized on the magazine of the state of the supply, and depends not at all place, and took out and destroyed all the on the interest of the grain dealers; for, arms and ammunition which it contained. if it were their interest that it should be Order has only been restored by the pre- high, and if they had the power of regusence and activity of large bodies of lating it, why should it ever fall ? and troops ; but from the account we daily re- yet we see it rising and falling from ceive, it appears the disposition to riot causes beyond the power of human reguhas not entirely subsided.
lations to controul : from which we may For the principal cause of these com- be clearly convinced of the folly and premotions, namely the dearth of provisions, sumption of meddling with what seems ta we are afraid there is no remedy, since it be the work of a higher hand.
RIOTS IN ENGLAND.
Scottish Chronicle. .
THE General Assembly of the Church 2. That at the hour of divine service
of Scotland, meets at Edinburgh on both in the morning and the afternoon, the the 21st of May next.
children shall be conducted by their master The Lord Provost, and James Denholm, to the parishhurch, if accommodation Esq. have been chosen by the city of Edin. can there be found for them ; and that, if burgh, their representatives to that Asseni the necessary accommodation cannot be afbiy. And on the 25th March, the Presby. forded in any particular church, an endeatery elected the following gentlemen to re vou shall be made to find accommodation present them, viz. Drs Simpson, Anderson, for the children of two parishes in one of Buchanan, and Duncan ; Mr D. Dickson, the adjoining churches. jun. and Sir H. W. Moncrieff, minister. The **. 3. That in the evening of every Lord's Lord President, A. Wauchope, of Niddry, day, the exercises of the morning shall be Esq. and Bailie Waugh, elders.
renewed for such a number of hours as At a meeting of the Presbytery of Edin may hereafter be agreed upon. durgh on the 25th of March, intimation 4, That application shall be made to the was made to them, as superintendants of Town Council for their countenance in this all schools within their bounds, that the matter, and for the use of such seats as are ministers and elders of Edinburgh have re not let in each of the churches of the city, solved to establish, in each part of the city, for the accomodation of the children of the an institution, which inay afford to the respective parishes, and those of any adchildren of the poor, an opportunity of at- joining parish who cannot be otherwise actending divine service, and receiving reli commodated. gious education on the Lord's day.
-5. That, for defraying the expence of those The following are the proposals which parochial institutions, an annual contribuhave been printed and circulated for carry tion shall be solicited from the wcalthy ining the above institution into effect : habitants of this city, and shall be collectI. That in each of the parishes of the
ed in the same manner as it is now for the city, the poor children of both sexes, whose Infirmary, Dispensary, &c. parents shall consent to the measure, shall 6. That the election of the master to be assembled at nine o'clock in the morn whose charge the children of each parish ing of every Lord's day, in some conveni shall be committed, and the immediate care ent apartment, and under the care of a and direction of the parochial institution, master, for the pnrpose of reading the
shall be vested in the kirk-session of the Scriptures, and comınitting to memory the parish, with power to avail themselves of Shorter Catechsim of the Church, with the assistance of any respectable individusuch other means of religious instruction as
als of their own parish or congregation. tray from time to time be recommend
7. That there shall also be a small Com
mittee, consisting of an equal number of April 1812