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EDINBURGH LITERARY MISCELLANY,
FOR MAY 1812,
Description of Broomhall, the seat of the Earl of Elgin. This elegant mansion, the resi- its name from the exportation of tinguished families in the county of carried, however, to any thing apFife, is situated near the sea coast, proaching to their present extent, a few miles to the west of Inverkei- till the time of the late Earl of El' thing. It is of recent erection, and gin. That nobleman, eminently disthe situation happily chosen. It be. tinguished both for worth and talongs to the parish of Dunfermline, lents, saw the importance of which of which Lord Elgin is one of the they were susceptible, and resolved principal heritors.
to spare no pains or expence in culThe property to which this house tivating this source of wealth to his is attached is remarkable, as con- family. He spent L.14000 in erecttaining the most copious supply of ing, the necessary machinery ; he the valuable commodities of coal formed nine large draw-kilns, a harand lime that is known to exist in bour, waggon-ways for conveying this country. The bed of lime is the stone from the quarry to the situated in the immediate neighbour- kilnheads; and he built, immediatehood of the house, and runs parallel ly to the west of Broomhall
, a vilto the sea, about a mile in length, lage, which received from himself and from 20 to 50 feet in breadth. the name of Charlestown. This exIt had been worked from a very re- penditure, judiciously laid out, was mote period; and the village of amply repaid. The great demand Limekills, situated immediately to for lime, for the purposes of buildthe east of Broomhall, had received ing and agriculture, secured an am
ple market for all that could be pro
While he lived, duced. The quantity now drawn The blessing of them that were ready to from the mines amounts annually to
perish came upon him.
Now, from 80 to 90,000 tons, the value of
Their tears embalm his memory. which is above L.10,000 sterling.
Reader, The seams of coal are situated
Beholding here laid in dust some miles inland, in the vicinity
The remains of the town of Dunfermlipe, and Which once so much virtue animated, are attached to the lands of Midbal. Think of the vanity of life, bridge, Clunie, Luscar, and Rose
Look forward to its end, bank. They were not originally the And prepare, as he did, for eternity, property of the Elgin family; but the present Earl, actively following
EPITAPHS, up the system of improvement which had been begun by his father, pur. In the Scotch Kirk Burial Ground, Liter.
pool. chased them, in order to secure materials for working his lime quarries.
I. He then formed, between his coal
In Memory of and lime-works, a rail-way, of four Robina M'LINTOCK, wife of John miles in extent, the first example
Richardson, Merchant, late of given, in this country, on any great
Glasgow. Obiit 8th Nov. 1804. scale at least, of that very import Death, like an overflowing stream, ant improvement. This field coal Sweeps us away; our life's a dream ; contains upwards of 9000 square
An empty tale ; a morning flower,
Cut down, and withered in an hour. acres, and includes seams of all the species that are found in the coun
In Memory of
WILLIAM GILLESPIE, Merchant, The veneration in which the me from Crossmichael, Galloway, mory of the late Earl of Elgin is North Britain, who was unfortuheld in the neighbourhood, is well nately drowned, in the Mersey, expressed by the following inscrip On the 3d day of August, 1800, tion upon a monument erected for Ætat. 24. him in the church-yard of Dunferm
If youth or beauty could disarm the line :
Ne'er then, ill-fated youth, thou Sacred to the memory of
should'st have died, CHARLES, Earl of Elgin and Kincardine, Ne'er hadst thou sunk in Mersey's cruel Who died the 14th of May 1771, aged 39 years.
Nor floated lifeless on its azure tide ;
From an old sire, from two fond sisters By the goodness of his heart, and virtues
torn, of his life, he adorned the high
While life was green, and pleasure yet rank which he possessed In his manners amiable and gentle,
Thee memory weeps, thy call thy com. In his affections warm and glowing,
rades mourn, In his temper modest, candid, & cheerful,
Yes! mourn a heart to love and friend. In his conduct manly & truly honourable,
ship true ; In his character of husband, father, friend,
O thou who tread'st the sod where now and master,
he lies, As far as human imperfection admits,
No fruitless tears o'er these cold ashes Unblemished.
Go, imitate that worth, that never dies, Pious without superstition,
But blossoms fresh, when nature's self Charitable without ostentation.
of his age.
a token that he had done his duty In Memory of
to the satisfaction of the Great. ELIZABETH CAIRNS, spouse of John Nelson.
Cairns, Liverpool, and daughter He died 12th Feb. 1808, in the of John Johnstone, of Ayr, who
45th year died 29th April, 1807, aged 22
Avise la Fin.
Sacred to the Memory of
In the stormy night of the seventh
of October, 1808, it pleased God Beneath are deposited the remains to call his Spirit to the heavenly
of WILLIAM RIDDICK, Seaman, world, and to bury his mortal rea native of Colvend, in the Stew- , mains in the sea, near Hoylake, artry of Kirkcudbright, of Liver- in the 56th year of his age. pool.
As a testimony of filial regard, He was Master's Mate of the Zea- this monument is erected by his
lous, in the Battle of the Nile ; only surviving son, Captain Aland received a Silver Medal, as lan Kennedy
Bill of Mortality, for the last seven years.
Many of the Children'who are baptized in this Chapel, are buried in other
burial-grounds in Liverpool.
Over the conglomerate, masses of Proceedings of the Wernerian Na. claystone, greenstone passing into tural History Society. clinkstone, and porphyry-slate, suc
'cessively appear; till we reach the T the meeting on the 28th summit, which, along with the
March, Professor Jameson whole of the upper part, is found to read an account of a floetz gypsum consist of compact felspar, and felformation, which occurs on the spar porphyry.--The disposition of banks of the Whiteadder near Kelso. the rocks in this mountain is con-Likewise of a beautiful floetz formable to the idea of secondary quartz found in beds in the coal deposition, by assuming a finer and districts of Fifeshire; and of the oc more crystalline texture as they ascurrence of basalt, amygdaloid and cend; and the occurrence of claytrap-tuff, in a coal formation newer stone and felspar in a position corthan the old red sandstone and its responding to what is observed on accompanying porphyry, but pro- the Eildon Hills, the Pentlands, the bably older than the general mass Ochils, Papa Stour, Dundee, and of the rocks of the nowest floetz- in other places, seems to favour trap formation. At the same meet. the hypothesis of a particular overing, Mr Leach read a description lying formation, in which those subof the pig of Orkney and Shetland, stances are prevailing ingredients, which he inclined to consider as a extending over a considerable pordistinct species. And the Secretary tion of the lower country of Scotlaid before the meeting a very fall, land. and interesting thermometrical re In the bed of the Clyde to the gister and meteorological journal to eastward of Tinto, anaygdaloid Davis' Straits and back again, kept appears, having nodules of calceby Mr John Aitken, surgeon. dony coated with green earth; also
At the meeting on Ilth April, calcspar, and portions of steatiteDr Maeknight read a mineralogical Towards the north, the conglomerdescription of Tinto, a noted moun- ate forming the base of Tinto, tain in Lanarkshire. It appears to passes into the sandstone, of which be of floetz formation ; probably the whole interior districts of Laresting on the grey wacke which narkshire are composed. It is to the pervades the whole mountainous waste of this rock, that we owe the districts in the south of Scotland. splendid scenery of Cora-lin, and Around the base is found a conglo- the other celebrated falls of the merate, containing rounded masses Clyde, which exhibits in its courof grey-wacke, iron-clay, dinty ses, so many charms of nature, and slate, splintery hornstone, quartz, may indeed be said to carry along felspar, mica, &c. Where the rock with it, beauty and fertility from becomes finer grained, it approaches its very source. in some places to grey-wacke, and At the same meeting, the Secrein others to those portions of the tary communicated a very curious old red sandstone which are conjec- meteorological journal, for a year, tured to alternate with the newer kept by Governor Graham, during members of the transition series.-- his residence in Hudson's Bay.