The Report of the Commissioners for Highland Roads and Bridges.


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Helmsdale Bridge County of Sutherland-Over the river Helmsdale two arches
Inchlaggan Road See Rhiebuie Road
Inverfarigag Road County of Inverness-From near the kirk of Daviot, on the in.

tended Moy Road (a little south of tbe water of Nairn)
through Strathnairn to the bridge of Inverfarigag and Loch-

ness, with a small branch westward near Toredaroch Invermorrison Road County of Inverness—From Bonar Ferry along the N.W. side

of Lochness to Invermorrison Islay Road

County of Argyll-From Bridge-end to Portnahaven, in the

island of Islay
Jura Road

County of Argyll - From the ferry of Feoline to the ferry of

Lagg, in the island of Jura
Keills Road

County of Argyll - From the quay of Keills to junction with

the county road
Kilmelford Road County of Argyll--From Kintraw inn to the church of Mel.

Kirkwall Harbour In the island of Pomona, county of Orkney
Laggan Road

County of Inverness—From the bridge of Lundie near Fort

William, through Glenspean, by the N. W. side of Loch

laggan, to Pitmain in Badenoch Lochcarron Road County of Ross-From Kyle haken ferry to Ding wall:

Lochalsh-From Kyle-haken to Strome ferry

Jean Town-Froni Strome to Coulachs
Divisions LuipFrom Coulachs to Auchnasheen

Auchnasheen-From Auchnasheen to Contin
Contin-From Contin to Dingwall

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The Report of the Commissioners for Highland Roads and Bridges.


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Moy Road

Locbawe Road County of Argyll-From Lochfeachan on the western coast,

across Lochawe to near Inverary Locbieside Road Counties of Argyll and Inverness-- From Corpach-moss along

the west side of the river Lochie to Clunes, and a branch

from thence towards Locharkegg
Lochlochie Road County of Inverness-From Clunes to the head of Lochlochie
Lochnagaul Road Counties of Inverness and Argyll - From Arisaig on the side of

Lochnagaul, to the ferry of Lochie, near Fort William S
Lochtay Road See Glenleduaig Road
Lovat Bridge County of Inverness-Over the river Beauley, five arches
Macduff Harbour In the Murray Frith, Banffshire
Morvern Road County of Argyll-From Inversanda to the Sound of Mull

County of Inverness-From Inverness by kirk of Daviot to the

kirk of Moy Moydert Road County of Argyll-From Corran Ferry at Ardgour, by Loch

sunart, to the nearest convenient landing-place on the north

side of Lochmoydart
Netbey Bridge 'See Strathspey
Orrin Bridge County of Ross-Over the river Orrin, three arches or two

bridges. (See 4th Report.)
Peterhead Harbour On the east coast of Aberdeenshire
Portree Road Isle of Skye, county of Inverness-From Portree to Sconser
Potarch Bridge County of Aberdeen-Over the river Dee near Kincardine

O'Neal, three arches
Pbiebuie Road, (or Inch Counties of Inverness and Ross From Rhiebuie in Strath-

Laggan Road) cluny to Inch Lagan in Glengarry

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The Report of the Commissioners for Highland Roads and Bridges.

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sits to tbat country have hitherto been few, and with long intervals between each. Neither business nor

amusement lured men to visit so unTravels in the Island of Iceland

during genial a region, or to brave the temthe Summer of 1810. By Sir

pestuous ocean which surrounds it. George Mackenzie, Bart. 1 vol. It was necessary that a pure and intre4o. With 32 engravings. 31, 3s. pid love of science should combine Constable and Co.

with leisure and independent fortune,

to overcome so many difficulties and 0

and secluded as Iceland, has Joseph Banks, no British traveller been so much the object of public cu- has been found who united all these ricsity. Those who have been ac- requisites ; and Scotland, though so cistomed only to happier climates, favourably situated for such an expefeel a natural interest respecting the dition, had not yet contributed a traform which man and nature assume, veller that was willing to undertake in a situation so different, and under it. In supplying this deficiency, Sir $0 severe a pressure of physical priva- George has made a most judicious tion. But the grand point of view use of that independence which he vader which this island has claimed combines with so honourable a zeal the attention of men of science, arises for the interests of science. He has from the peculiarity of its physical done what very few men duly qualistructure. Instead of being, like the fied' have the means of doing ; and rest of the polar world, benumbed in hias well availed himself of his opporperpetual frost, it exhibits a variety tunities to present to the world a of phenomena, which seemed to be more'ample view of the physical and long only to the tropical regions. An moral condition of this remarkable eternal fire, burning beneath mountains island, than had been contributed from of ice, and producing, by its inces- any former quarter. sant action, volcanoes, steaming exha- The volume opens with a general Lations, and an infinite variety of mi. view of the history and literature of Deral combinations—such is the spec- Iceland. This relation throws light tacle exhibited here, and here only. upon the causes which transported so on the face of the earth. The mo- large a measure of civilization and retal aspect too of this island is consi- finement into a region that seemed derably more interesting than might little formed to be their abode. Iceland have been previously expected. Un- grew under the calamities which af. der a situation which seemed to doom ficted all the neighbouring kingdoms. its inhabitants to perpetual want and Above all, the tyranny of Harold rudeness, Iceland excites much of king of Norway, in the ninth centuthe interest arising from civilized life ry, compelled a number of his most and intellectual cultivation. She has distinguished subjects to settle in Ice. her historians, her poets, and was, at land. Being joined by many from one period of history, the grand re- other parts of Europe, who sought pository of arts and learning for the refuge from the calamities of war and northern world.

devastation, they soon formed a pretty Notwithstanding these motives, numerous community; and they estawhich attracted towards Iceland the blished a constitution, founded on the attention of men of research, the vi- highest principles of feudal indepen


dence. They had a general assembly elucidation than is here given. It is of the island, an elective monarch, · expressly stated that no force was and a code of laws,' very judiciously employed ; yet it appears that all adapted to their peculiar circumstan- the persons concerned in the surrences. Learning, in that age of turbu- der became the objects of popular lence, could find shelter only in the hatred. corners and hiding-places of Europe, By this subjection, in whatever and Iceland afforded it a secure re- manner accomplished, Iceland purtreat. Besides the comparative tran- chased tranquillity at the expense of quillity which it enjoyed, the long re- greatness. The yoke was mild, and pose of its winter afforded ample lei seems to have improved the general sure for literary pursuit. The Skalds, condition of the inhabitants ; but the or poets of Iceland, were at this

pe- race of poets and historians, who riod by far the most celebrated of had flourished under the shade of any in the north of Europe. Among freedom, were quickly extinct. Phythe bards who adorned the courts of sical calamities combined with poliSweden, Denmark, and Norway, two- tical degradation to annihilate the thirds were Icelanders. The most prosperity of Iceland. An epidemic celebrated fruit of their genius was is said to have carried off nearly twothe Edda, that grand repository of thirds of the population ; and the rathe religion and poetry of the nor- vages of pirates (we are sorry to say thern nations. According to the re. English pirates) completed the desearches of Sir George Mackenzie, vastation. As soon, however, as Ice. this work appears to have been pro- land began to breathe from these duced by a succession of bards, who calamities, she resumed also her lite, added to and improved upon each rary pursuits. In 1530, a printing other's labours. Their historians press was established, and Iceland were not less pre-eminent over all o again began to produce authors of thers who then cultivated that de- merit. They no longer, indeed, ocpartment of literature. To them we cupied the same comparative station are indebted for most of what we as before with regard to the neighnow know respecting the annals of bouring nations ; but this was owing, the Scandinavian kingdoms.

not to their own deficiency, but to This brilliant era in Icelandic his- the unprecedented progress made by tory terminated about the middle of the rest of Europe. Nature, howthe 13th century, when the island' ever, again began to persecute them. submitted to the dominion of the In the beginning of the 19th cenkings of Norway. The manner in tury, the small-pox was introduced, which this revolution was accomplish- and carried off about 10,000 of the ed, is extremely remarkable. It was inhabitants. The latter part of that preceded by a long period of violent century (1783) was distinguished intestine convulsion, the result of by a volcanic eruption, the most terwhich was that the Icelanders de- rible apparently, which has ever been termined to submit to a foreign yoke, experienced on the face of the globe. as the only means of delivering them. The beds of rivers were filled up; selves from domestic misrule. On the cattle were destroyed ; and a the subject of this proceeding, which thick cloud of smoke and ashes, duis perhaps unprecedented in the his- ring a year, covered the whole of tory of nations, we should have been iceland. A famine was the conse. happy to receive a more complete quence; and it must have been long


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