eus, and if possible to bring the brigs a bridge, of the royal marines, who were stern of the Commodore to action, in hopes mortally wounded early in the action, with it would induce him to shorten sail, which many other brave and good men, both had the desired effect. At a quarter past seamen and marines The conduct of the four o'clock, his Majesty's brig Weazle officers has been throughout highly meritocommenced the action with the two brigs. rious, both during the action, and in secur, At half past four we commenced action at ing the masts of the ship, in the very bad the distance of half pistol shot, with the weather we met before we gained the port line of battle ship, neither ship having of Lissa. Having received a contusion fired a single shot until that time. At five from a splinter early in the action, for we perceived a brig to blow up; at day- some days afterwards I have been deprived light I perceived the Weazle in chace of nearly of my eyesight; all which time the the brigs, the gun-boats not in sight. I exertions of Mr Peake, my senior Lieutenrecalled her, as she did not appear to close ant, prevented my inability from being of with the chace. We were at this time in any detriment to his Majesty's service. seven fathoms water, off the point of Grao, The Rivoli, in crossing the Gulf of Fiume, and I was fearful we might want assistance lost her fore and main-masts; but by the from her, in case either of the ships had exertions of Lieutenants Whyte and Coffin, got on shore on the bank. Captain An. who had charge of her, she was brought drew, on being recalled, placed his brig into the port of Lissa under jury masts. very judiciously on the bow of the line of I feel particularly indebted to Capt. Andrew battle ship, within pistol-shot, and in that of the Weazle, for his exertions during situation he gave her three broadsides. the action, and also for the assistance he The enemy, for nearly the last two hours, gave to the Rivoliafterwards. During the had been rendered perfectly unmanageable, whole of this severe action, not a single and had kept up a very slow fire, and that explosion took place on board, or a man chiefly from two guns on the quarter-deck, hurt, either through carelessness or acciher mizen-mast fell over her side about a dent; both the officers and men, for their quarter before nine o'clock. At nine they steady and cool conduct, deserve every hailed us and said they had struck; I sent credit. When we commenced the action, on board Mr Peake, the First Lieutenant, the Victorious had only five hundred and to take possession of her. I found the six persons actually on board, sixty of squadron we had engaged consisted of two whom were in the sick list, but most of the gun-boats, the Mameluke brig of 10 guns, sick were able to assist in the action. The and Jena and Mercure of 18 guns each, Rivoli had on board eight hundred and sixwith the Rivoli of 74 guns, bearing the ty-two persons at the commencement of broad pendant of Commodore Barre, the the action. Commander in Chief of the enemy's forces in the Adriatic. From the length of the DESTRUCTION OF A FRENCH SQUADRON. action, and smoothness of the water, the loss of men, and the damages on both sides,

Lettsr from Captain Hotham, of his Majes: I am sorry to say, have been very great

ty's ship Northumberland, to his senior indeed, neither ship having been above

officer, dated off the Penmarks, May 24,

1812. half musket-shot distance from each other during the whole of the action, which only Sir, I have the honour to inform you, ceased at intervals, when the ships were the object of the orders I received froin hid from each other by fog and smoke, you on the 19th instant, to proceed off and were not able even to see the flashes L'Orient, for the purpose of intercepting of each other's guns. I feel great satis two French frigates and a brig, lately faction in saying that the conduct of Com. seen at sea, has been accomplished, by modore Barre, during the whole of the their total destruction, at the entrance of action, convinced me I had to deal with a that port, by his Majesty's ship under my gallant and brave man, and, in the ma. command (the Growler gun-brig being in næuvring his ship, a most experienced and company,) under the circumstances I beg skilful officer. He did not surrender his leave to relate to you. ship till nearly two hours after she was On Friday the 22d instant, at a quartet rendered unmanageable, and had 400 killed after 10, A. M. the N. W. point of the isle or wounded ; his captain and most of his Groa bearing from the Northumberland officers either killed or wounded. I have north by compass, ten miles distant, and to regret, as well as the service, the loss the wind very light from W. by N. they of two very fine young men, Lieutenant were discovered in the N. W. crowding all 'Thornas H. Griffiths and Robert S: Ash- possible sail before it for L'Orient. My June 1812


first endeavour was to cut them off to in quarter less seven fathoms, and the windward of the island, and a signal was enemy were in consequence obliged, as made to the Growler (seven miles off in the their only alternative, to attempt passing S. W.) to chase, but finding I could not within it, where there was not water effect it, the Northumberland was pushed enough, and they all grounded, under by every exertion round the S. E. end of every sail, on the rocks between it and the Groa, and, by hauling to the wind as close shore. as I could to leeward of it, I had the satis. The sails and rigging of the Northum. faction of fetching to windward of the berland were so much damaged, that I was harbour's mouth, before the enemy's ships obliged to leave the enemy to the effects of reached it. Their commander, seeing him the falling tide, it being only one quarter self thus cut off, made a signal to his con- ebb, while I repaired the rigging and sorts and hauled to the wind on the lar shifted the foretop-sail, which was renderboard tack to windward of Point Taleet, ed entirely useless; working to windward and they appeared to speak each other. í during that time under what sail I could continued beating to windward, between set, to prevent falling to leeward; in Groa and the Continent, to close with which interval, at five o'clock, the Growler them, exposed to the batteries on both joined, and fired on the enemy occasionally. sides, when I stood within their reach, which At 28 minutes after five, I anchored the was often unavoidable. The wind had by Northumberland in six and a half fathoms this time freshened considerably, and was

Point de Pierre Laye bearing about N. N. W.: at 49 minutes after two, N. W. half N. the citadel of Port Louis E. P. M. the enemy (in force as above describ- three quarters N. and the rock named Le ed) bore up in close line a-head, and under Grand N. half E. two cables length distant, every sail that could be set, favoured by with her broadside bearing on the enemy's the fresh wind, made a bold and determin. two frigates and brig, at point blank range, ed attempt to run between me and the all of them having fallen over on their shore, under cover of the numerous bat. sides next the shore as the tide left them, teries with which it is lined in that part and exposed their copper to us, and the I placed the Northumberland to meet them main-masts of one frigate and the brig as close as I could to the Pointe de Pierre were gone, and from 34 minutes after five Laye, with her head to the shore, and her till 49 minutes past six (which was near main-topsail shivering, and made disposi. the time of low water) a deliberate and tions for laying one of them alongside; but careful fire was kept on them, at whieh they hauled so very close round the point, time, believing I had fully effected the obfollowing the direction of the coast to the ject of my endeavours, the crews having eastward of it, that, in my ignorance of the quitted their vessels, all their bottoms bedepth of water so near the shore, 1 did not ing pierced by very many of our shot, so think it practicable, consistent with the low down as to ensure their filling on the safety of his Majesty's ship (drawing near rising tide, and the leading frigate being twenty-five feet) to prosecute that plan. completely on flames, communicated to the I therefore bore up and steered parallel to


hull from a fire which broke out in her them, at the distance of about two cables' foretop, I got under sail. Three batteries length, and opened the broadside on them, tired at the ship during the whole time she which was returned by a very animated was at anchor, and although the position and well-directed fire of round, grape, and was so far well chosen that she was out of other descriptions of shot, supported by the range of two of them, the other (to three batteries, for the space of twenty-one which the enemy's vessels were nearest) minutes, and was very destructive to our reached her, and did as much execution in sails and rigging. My object, during that the hull as all the fire she had been expostime, was to prevent their hauling outside ed to before. I directed the Commander the dry rock, named Le Graul, but in of the Growler to stand in and fire, to presteering sufficiently close to it to leave vent the enemy from returning to their them no room to pass between me and it, vessels after I had ceased. and at the same time to avoid running on At five minutes before eight, the frigate it myself, the utmost difficulty and anxiety on fire blew up with an awful explosion, was produced by the cloud of smoke which leaving no remains of her visible At the drifted a-head of the ship, and totally ob- close of day 1 anchored for the night, out scured it. However by the care and at- of the reach of the batteries on botlr sides, tention of Mr Hugh Stewart, the master, Point Taleet bearing N. N. W. half the ship was carried within the distance of W.; S. E. point of Groa S. S. W. half w. her own length on the south west side the enemy's vessels N. by E. At tcn, the


other frigate appeared to be on fire also battle ship, with sails bent, and top-gal(some smoke having been seen on board · lant-yards across, lay in the harbour of her from the time the firing ceased) and L'Orient, spectator of the operations of the at half past eleven, the flames burst forth day at the entrance of it; but the wind from her ports and every part with unex. did not serve till night for her coming to tinguishable fury, which unlooked-for event the support of her friends; every assistleaving me nothing more to attempt in the ance, however, was afforded them of morning, the brig being quite on her beam boats, men, &c. from the port, directed as ends, and very much damaged by our shot I apprehend, by the Admiral in person. in every part of her bottom, even very near her keel. I weighed anchor at mid. Dec. 4.-Two French armed vessels, night, with a very light air from the north one of eight guns and 53 men, the other ward, with the Growler in company, profit- six guns and 53 men, captured by the boats ing by the brightness of the moon to get of the Sultan, Captain West. to sea; but it was so near calm that I Feb. 5.-L'Intrepide French privatcer, made very little progress, and therefore of 18 guns and 180 men, attacked by the saw the frigate burning from head to stern Richmond gun-brig, and blew up, having all night, and explode at 35 minutes after been previously set fire to, and deserted by two in the morning of yesterday, leaving a her crew. portion of her after parts still burning till 16.-La Gazelle French privateer, it was entirely consumed ; and in the of 14 guns and 91 men, captured by the course of the day I had the satisfaction to Leonidas frigate. see, from off the N. W. point of Groa, 29.--The Grand Jean Bart French a third fire and explosion in the same spot, privateer, of 14 guns and 106 men, by the which could have been no other than the Semiramis frigate. brig.

March 24.-The Emelie French privaDuring the time of firing on the enemy's teer, of 12 guns and 84 men, by the Tonvessels, a seaman, who states himself to be nant. a native of Portugal, captured in the ship

27.-Le Petit Jean French privaHarmony, of Lisbon, by the frigates, on teer, of 16 guns and 48 men, by the Persian the 22d February, swam from one of them sloop of war. to the Northumberland, by whom I am

The Rosario and Griffen informed their names were L'Arianne and sloops of war, attacked an enemy's flotilla L'Andromache, of 44 guns and 450 men off Dieppe, consisting of 12 brigs and a each, and the Mameluke brig, of '18 guns lugger, and after a gallant contest of seve. and 150 men ; that they sailed from the ral hours continuance, during which time Loire in the month of January, had been they were also exposed to the constant fire of cruizing in various parts of the Atlantic, some batteries on shore, succeeded in cap and had destroyed thirty-six vessels of turing three of the brigs, driving two on different nations, (Americans, Spaniards, shore, and materially damaging the rePortuguese, and English,) taking the most mainder. valuable parts of their cargoes on board the frigates (and they appeared very deep for ships so long at sea,) and one vessel

DOMESTIC INTELLIGENCE. they sent as a cartel to England, with about two hundred prisoners. [The remainder

NEGOCIATIONS FOR A NEW MINISTRY. of the letter bears testimony to the credita. Upon the resignation of Lord Liverpool ble conduct of every officer and man en and his colleagues, the Marquis Wellesley gaged on this occasion, especially of the received the commands of the Prince Regent senior Lieutenant, Mr John Banks, Mr to form an Administration, agreeably to the Stewart the master, and the pilot. He vote of the House of Commons of the 21st adds, that it was not to be expected that a May. The Noble Marquis immediately ship should have been so long at different communicated with Lords Grenville and periods under the fire of the enemy's vari Grey on the subject, and proposed their acous batteries and vessels without some loss, cession to the Cabinet under the following but he is thankfulitwas not greater. The ship arrangement, viz.is damaged a little in the Hull, but more in “ It was the Prince Regent's pleasure the masts, yards, and rigging. The officer that Lords Wellesley, Moira and Erskine, wounded (Lieutenant William Fletcher,) and Mr Canning, should be members of the he is glad to say will soon be restored. Cabinet, Lord Wellesley as first Lord of the The letter then concludes. ]-A line of Treasury.

6. That

“ That Lords Grenville and Grey should Lord Castlereagh, Secretary for Foreigh nominate four of their friends, if the Cabi. Affairs. net consisted of twelve members, and five Lord Sidmouth, Secretary for Home Deif it should extend to thirteen.

partment. " That the nomination of the other four Earl Bathurst, Secretary for War and members should rest with the Marquis Wel. Colonies. lesley."

Lord Melville, First Lord of the Admi. This proposal was immediately rejected ralty. by Lords Grey and Grenville, on the ground Earl of Westmoreland, Privy Seal. that it was impossible to act for the benefit Earl of Buckinghamshire, Board of Conof the country with a divided Cabinet. The troul. Marquis Wellesley, upon the failure of his Lord Muigrave, Ordnance. negociation, resigned his commission into Mr. Rose, Board of Trade. the hands of the Prince, who immediately In the House of Commons, on the 11th sent for Lord Moira, and invested him with instant, Mr. S. Wortley brought forward a similar authority.

another motion for an address to the Prince The first step of the Noble Earl towards Regent, lamenting the failure of the late the fulfilment of his commission, was to negociations for a new Ministry, and pray. obtain a personal conference with Earl Grey ing him to take any opportunity that may and Lord Grenville. At this interview the

occur of strengthening the present Govern. parties had come to a satisfactory under

ment. An amendment was moved by Lord standing upon the general policy to be pur. Folkstone, praying for the appointment of sued by the new Ministry, when a question such an Administration as would pledge was put to Farl Moira, “whether the ar

themselves to reform existing abuses, and rangement was to be understood as com

would thus rescue the country from the prehending the removal of such of the great dangers which surround it. A second aOfficers of the Household (meaning the mendment was moved by Lord Milton, asChamberlain and Vice-Chamberlain) as had suring the Prince of support in his public been usually removed upon former changes measures, and imploring him, at the same of Administrations ?"-To which question, time, no longer to defer forming an Admi. Lord Moira replied, “that although he had nistration which would be entitled to the no instructions from the Prince Regent to

support of the Parliament and of the people. make any reservation on that head, yet he

The motion of Mr Wortley, with Lord felt himself called upon to declare, that, Folkstone's amendment, were both negaupon public grounds, he could not concur

tived without a division, and the address in offering such advice to the Prince

proposed by Lord Milton, which involved Lords Grey and Grenville declared that

in some degree the late negociations for a they also acted upon public grounds, and

new Administration, and the character of that the changes they requested were ne

the present Ministry, was disapproved of cessary in order to shew to the country that

by a majority of 125; the numbers being they possessed the entire confidence of the 164 to 289. Crown. Lord Moira, however, was de. termined in resisting the measure, and thus

REVOCATION OF THE ORDERS IN COUNCIL.. this second attempt to form '" a strong and efficient Administration " failed.

(From the London Gazette, June 93.) In consequence of the failure of these negociations, it was announced in both At the Court at Carletonhouse, the 23d Houses of Parliament on the 8th instant, June, 1812, present his Royal Highness that it was the pleasure of the Prince Re the Prince Regent, in Council. gent to continue 'Lord Liverpool in the Whereas his Royal Highness the Prince office of first Lord of the Treasury; and the Regent was pleased to declarc, in the name following Ministerial arrangements were and on behalf of his Majesty, on the 21st subsequently made-

day of April, 1812, " That if at any time The Earl of Liverpool, First Lord of the hereafter the Berlin and Milan Decrees Treasury and Premier.

shall, by some authentic act of the French Mr Vansittart, Chancellor of the Exche Government, publicly promulgated, be quer.

absolutely and unconditionally repealed, Lord Eldon, Lord Chancellor.

then and from thenceforth the Order in Lord Harrowby, President of the Coun.

Council of the 7th of January, 1807, and cil.

the Order in Council of the 26th April,

1809, shall, without any further Order, , by his Majesty's Minister in America to be, and the same are hereby declared from the said Government, be thenceforth null thenceforth to be, wholly and absolutely and of no effect. revoked."

It is further ordered and declared, that And whereas the Charge des Affairs of all American vessels, and their cargoes, bem the United States of America, Resident at ing American property, that shall have this Court, did on the 20th day of May been captured subsequently to the 20th day last, transmit to Lord Viscount Castle. of May last, for a breach of the aforesaid reagh, one of his Majesty's Principal Se. Orders in Council alone, and which shall cretaries of State, a copy of a certain in- nut have been actually condemned before strument, then for the first time commu- the date of this Order; and that all ships picated to this Court, purporting to be a and cargoes as aforesaid, that shall benceDecree passed by the Government of forth be captured under the said Orders France, on the 28th day of April, 1811, prior to the 1st day of August next, shall by which the Decrees of Berlin and Milan not be proceeded against to condemnation are declared to be definitively no longer till further orders, but shall in the event in force, in regard to American vessels. of this order not becoming null and of no

And whereas his Royal Highness the effect, in the case aforesaid, be forthwith Prince Regent, although he cannot con- liberated and restored, subject to such reasider the tenour of the said instrument as sonable expences on the part of the capsatisfying the conditions set forth in the tors, as shall have been justly incurred. said Order of the 21st of April last, upon Provided, that nothing in this Order conwhich said Orders were to cease and de- tained, respecting the Revocation of the termine ; is nevertheless disposed on his Orders herein mentioned, shall be taken to part to take such measures as may tend revive wholly or in part the Orders in to re-establish the intercourse between Council of the 17th of November 1807, or Neutral and Belligerent Nations, upon its any other Order not herein-mentioned, or accustomed principles---His Royal High- to deprive parties of any legal remedy to ness the Prince Regent, in the name and which they may be entitled under the Or. on behalf of His Majesty, is therefore 'der in Council of the 21st of April 1812. pleased, by and with the advice of his His Royal Highness the Prince Regent Majesty's Privy Council, to order and de- is hereby pleased further to declare, in the clare, and it is hereby ordered and declare name and on the behalf of his Majesty, ed, that the Order in Council bearing date that nothing in this present Order containthe 7th day of January 1807, and the Or- ed, shall be understood to preclude his der in Council bearing date the 26th day Royal Highness the Prince Regent, if cirof April 1809, be revoked, so far as may cumstances shall so require, from restoring, regard American vessels and their cargoes, after reasonable notice, the Orders of the being American property, from the 1st 7th of January 1807, and 26th of April day of August next.

1809, or any part thereof, to their full But whereas by certain Acts of the Go, effect, or for taking, such other measures vernment of the United States of America, of retaliation against the enemy, as may apall British armed vessels are excluded from pear to his Royal llighness to be just and the harbours and waters of the said United necessary. States, and the armed vessels of France And the Right Honourable the Lords being permitted to enter therein ; and the Commissioners of his Majesty's Treasury, commercial intercourse between Great his Majesty's Principal Secretaries of State, Britain and the said United States is in- the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty, terdicted, the commercial intercourse and the Judge of the High Court of Ad. between France and the said United miralty, and the Judges of the Courts of States having been restored ; his Royal Vice-Admiralty, are to take the necessary Highness the Prince Regent is pleased measures herein, as to them may respec. hereby farther to declare, in the name and tively appertain. on behalf of his Majesty, that if the Go

James BULLER. vernment of the said United States shall not, as soon as may be, after this Order

RIOTS IN ENGLAND. * shall have been duly notified by his Ma- The spirit of turbulence and riot which jesty's Minister in America to the said has for several months past disgraced the Government, revoke, or cause to be re- manufacturing districts in the north of xoked, the said Acts, this present Order England, we are sorry to observe, is sball in that case, after due notice signified spreading wider and wider; and has


« 前へ次へ »