ページの画像
PDF
ePub

doubting the sincerity with which it was power into their hands. After detailing the carried on contending that the ordinary particulars of the attempts to form an Adforms had been departed from, that his no- ministration by Lords Wellesley and Moira, ble friends (Lords Grey and Grenville) ne- he said, that, after the latter had returned Fer had been sent for, nor honoured with his commission to the Prince, he still feared admission to the Prince Regent—that there that he might have been wrong in his apwas, in fact, nothing like confidence on the prehension of the powers conterred upor part of the Crown, a request for an inter- him, as far as they related to the House, view, made through Lord Moira, not have hold; he solicited therefore and obtained an ing been granted.

audience of his Royal Highness, when he Mr Tighe described the Ministry, now at asked him, “ Sir, is your Royal Highness the head of the country, as the relic, of a re- prepared, on my advicc, and supposing the lic of Mr Pitt's Administration—the rump public exigency demands it, to part with of another rump! He was sorry to find the whole of your Household ?" The reply that the Hon. Gentleman, whose address was, “ I am."" Then," rejoined his had been carried on a former day, came Lordship, “not one of them shall be disdown this day with a weaker one, calcula- missed.” (Loud crins of licar! from all ted only to throw cold water on the for. sides.) He concluded with declaring that, mer address. It was not from a want of in his belief, Lord Moira had not advised ability that the country had not been well · the retention of the present Ministers; and governed, but from the existence of a secret suggested that the Address should be witholigarchy.

drawn. Mr Grattan said, that the crime of refu- Mr Ticrney thought, that when a ques. sing place was not one of which there was tion was asked by Lords Grey and Grenville danger of finding too many examples. He respecting the Household, Earl Moira, indefended Lords Grey and Grenville's refusal stead of objecting to it, should have laid the to accept of office, in the persuasion that, if minutes of the conversation before the Prince they left the Household unaltered, they Regent, and taken his commands. He would find it another cabinet.

thought the course adopted by the Noble Mr W. Elliott remarked, that Lords Grey Earl highly theatrical. Had he reported the and Grenville had been denied any explana- answer of the Prince Regent, every difficultion respecting the Household, it was their ty would have been removed, and a most duty not to divest themselves of their con- unfortunate misunderstanding prevented. stitutional authority over the department of For his own part, he did not believe that a the Household, or recognise and sanction Noble Lord (Yarmouth) and his friends had the principle of dividing the powers of Go. the most distant idea of resigning, and he vernment, and of setting those powers was confirmed in this opinion, by the reply against each other. On the question of the of a Right Hon. Gentleman, (Sheridan,) Regency, enough had been said of the im- who, when asked respecting it, answered, portance of securing the inflaence of the “ I will bet 500 guineas no such thing was Household in behalf of Government. if it ever in contemplation.” He denied, there. *was then mighty in the support of Govern- fore, that his Noble Friends broke off the ment, must it not be equally formidable negociation ; it was not their act, but that when arrayed against it ; and, in conjunc. of Lord Moira. After some short remarks tion with another Household, waging war upon the constitution of the present Cabinet, against the responsible advisers of the Crown and placing in a ridiculoas light the liberty Catholic concession, and a repeal of the or. each member had to avow his own opinions ders in Council, would have been the basis on the Catholic question, Mr Tierney conof the new Administration, which was de- cluded by saying, that as the principal dif. barred only from interfering with the House- ficulty had been removed, he did not see hold, and they now saw these two princi- why the negociations might not be resumed, ples surrendered for the purpose of main and the present Ministers, whose animation taining the Household. He concluded, after had been suspended for three weeks, put unfurther remarks, by observing, that it was der water again. singular that the Government of England Lord Custlereagh said, that his objection should, avowedly, have no opinion upon the to acting with Lord Wellesley was on acCatholic question, which involved the des- count of a most unseasonable publication. tiny of four millions of people.

He adverted to the new mode of carrying Mr Canning, after doing justice to the on negociations, when men of high honour motives of the Hon. Gentleman (Ponsonby) could not enter a private room to consult and his friends, said he was convinced that amicably, without being politically pitted no Administration could be formed from the against one anotier, armed with pen and late negociations, but by surrendering all ink, to give birth to controversy that could July 1812.

only

only serve to feed the worst passions of the Johnston, and Sir T. Turton, took a share malignant.

in the discussion. The House then divided Mr Wortley said, he would not press for upon Lord Milton's amendment, which was a division on his address, but should vote lost by 289 to 164. Majority for Ministers for the amendment.

125. Messrs. Cartwright, D. Giddy, Tighe,

historical Affairs.

AMERICA.

viously concluded, by which the latter dgrces ON the 27th of May,

the President of the to assist France with a body of 30,000 men, United States sent a message to Congress, constantly kept up to the war establishment, communicating certain documents relating together with 60 pieces of artillery. The to the posture of affairs between that country treaty between Prussia and France, mutually and Prance, by which it appears that Mr guarantees the integrity of their respective Barlow, the American Minister at Paris, had dominions, and agrees to exclude frem their pot been able to procure any indemnifica- ports every neutral vessel which shall subtion for the American property confiscated in mit to the British system of blockade ; and France under the Berlin and Milan decrees: although there is no stipulation in the treaty neither, it seems, had a treaty been conclu- for assisting France with troops, yet, it ded hetween the two countries.

seems, there is a Prussian corps acting along With regard to the relations of great with the French army in the north. Britain with America, the President, on the Through the medium of Paris papers we 1st June, sent a confidential message to the have received the first three " Bulletins of louse of Representatives, along with some the Grand Army," which are chiefly filled correspondence which had passed beween with details of the movements of the French Mr Foster and Mr Monroe, on which the troops ; and, judging from the numbers of House sat in deliberation with closed doors officers of distinction employed, we may in for five days, when it was made known that fer that the army is more numerous than a declaration of war against this country was ever Bonaparte brought into the field cu the result of their debates, the question up any former occasion. The second Bulletin on this occasion being decided by a majority concludes with the following address of Na. of 78 to 49.

poleon to his troops : This declaration of war, being sent to “ SOLDIERS !--The second war of Po the Senate, was referred to a Committee land bascommenced. The first was brought of seven, and an adjournment afterwards to a close at Friedland and Tilsit. At Tüsit, took place, for the purpose of waiting the Russia swore eternal alliance with France result of some correspondence carrying on and war with England. She now violates between Mr Foster and Mr Monroe : in this her oaths. She refuses to give any explana. interval, it is to be hoped, that the news of tion of her strange conduct, until the Eagles the revocation of the British orders in Coun. of France shall have repassed the Rhine, cil will arrive in America, which will most leaving, by such a movernent, our Allies at probably turn the scale entirely in favour of her mercy. Russia is dragged along by a fa. peace.

tality! Her destinies must be accomplished !

Should she then consider us degenerate? FRANCE AND RUSSIA.

Are we no longer to be looked upon as

the soldiers of Austerlitz ? She offers us The differences which have of late subsisted the alternative of dishonour or war. The between these two powers, it is now deter choice cannot admit of hesitationLet us inined, are to be decided by the sword; and then march forward! Let us pass the Nie ulthough no decisive battle has yet been men! Let us carry the war into her terri. fought, the hostile banners of France and tory. The second war of Poland will be 29 Russia, it appears, are flying in each other's glorious to the French arms as the first ! view. The Emperor Napoleon declared but the peace which we shall conclude will war against Alexander on the 22d Jane, and be its own guarantee, and will put an end crossed the Russian frontiers, at the head to the proud and haughty influence which of his army, on the 25th; treaties of all ince Russia has for 50 years exercised in the af.. pith Prussia and Austria having been pre. fuirs of Europer

* At our Head-quarters at Wilkowski, dence between the ministers of France and June 22, 1812.

Russia, on the points in dispute between the Authenticated, (Signed) NAPOLEON. two countries; and also a copy of some pro" Prince of NEUFCHATEL., Maj-Gen." positions for peace made by Napoleon to

The third Bulletin, which is dated from Great Britain in the month of April last, Kowno, brings down the history of the with the answer of the British Government. military operations to the 26th of June. These last documents are quoted at length

A great proportion of the French army below. arrived, it appears, on the 23d, within a From the correspondence of the French short distance of the Niemen, and Bonaparte and Russian minista it appears, that the having, in the disguise of a Polish light chief ground of the war is the aversion of horseman, inspected its banks, along with Russia to the Continental system, to which an engineer, caused three bridges to be she was forced to accede after her last unthrown across it, over which three columns successful struggle with France. Russia, were passed, and General Pagel, with one being determined to throw off this badge battalion, took possession of the town of of dependence, even at the hazard of a new Kowno, after driving before him a “ cloud war, declined all explanation, and in place of cossacks.” On the 24th and 25th, the of wasting time in fruitless negociation, army was engaged in defiling across the proceeded to arm in her defence, insistbridges of the Niemen, while Marshal Ney ing, at the same time, that, previous to any advanced on the other side to Kormelon, discussion, the French troops should be and Murat pushed on to Jigmoroui, having withdrawn from the Prussian territories. driven in the Russian light troops, and co- These proposals not suiting the policy of vered the plain with his cavalry to within France, her vast armies have been poured 10 leagues of Wilna, the head-quarters of into the north of Europe, and the questions the Russian army, and present residence of at issue are now left to the decision of the the Emperor Alexander. The Niemen was sword. at the same time passed at Tilsit by the Prussian troops, commanded by Macdonald, while three corps, proceeding by another CORRESPONDENCE BETWEEN THE BRI. route, under Jerome, have advanced to No- TISIT AND FRENCH GOVERNMENTS. vogorod. The French army, it thus ap

Copy of a letter addressed by the Minister of pears, stretch out, in an immense line, ex

Foreign Affuirs to Lord Castlerengh, Secrétending 150 miles from the coast, and commanding the course of the Niemen.

tary of State for Foreign Affairs to his

Britannic Majesty.
Their rear is protected by a corps under
Victor, stationed between the Elbe and the

“ Paris, April 17, 1812, Oder, while the Austrian corps has advan- “ SIR_His Majesty, constantly actuated ced from Lemberg to Lublin, about 200 by sentiments friendly, to moderation and miles to the rear of Jerome's corps.

peace, is pleased again to make a solemn Alexander, in the mean time, has succeed- and sincerç attempt to put an end to the ed in making a peace with Turkey, which was miseries of war. The awful circumstances concluded on the 28th of May, and by which in which the world is at present placed, it is stipulated, that in the event of Russia have induced a resolution in the mind of his being attacked by Austria, Turkey shall Majesty, the result of which has been, to supply her with 50,000 men.

authorise me to explain to you, Sir, his Of the position or numbers of the Russian views and intentions. Many changes have armies we know nothing, except from the taken place in Europe for the last ten years, French accounts, which mention, that Wil. which have been the necessary consequence na is the head-quarters, being occupied by of the war between France and England, the Imperial guard, and part of the army. and many more changes will be effected by Where the other part is we are not inform- the same cause. The particular character ed, nor have we any means of ascertaining. which the war has assumed, may add to the It is said to be the intention of the Russians extent and duration of these results. Exto avoid a battle, and to retreat, wasting the clusive and arbitrary principles cannot be country, and thus retarding the march of combated but by an opposition without their enemies; in pursuance of which plan, it measure or end; and the system of prcis stated in letters from Gottenburgh of the servation and resistance should have the 12th instant, that they are retiring to Riga, same character of universality, perseverance, and that they have thrown into the sea at and vigour. The peace of Amiens, if it had Libau, 20,000 barrels of grain.

been observed, would have prevented much In aldition to the Bulletins, the French confusion. journals contain a long diplunratic correspon- “ I leprtily wish that the experience of

war.

the past may not be lost for the future. the present family of Sicily.--As a conse His Majesty has often stopped when the quence of these stipulations, Spain, Portemost certain triumphs lay before him, and gal, and Sicily, shall be evacuated by the turned round to invoke peace. In 1805, French and English land and naval forces. secure as he was by the advantages of his si With respect to the other objects of discustuation, and spite of the confidence which he sion, they may be negociated upon this might reasonably feel in anticipations which basis, that each power shall retain that of fortune was about to realize, he made pro which the other could not deprire it by posals to his Britannic Majesty, which were rejected, on the ground that Russia should

“ Such are, Sir, the grounds of conciliab. consulted. In 1808, new proposals were tion offered by his Majesty to his Royal made, in concert with Russia. England Highness the Prince Regent. His Majesty elleged the necessity of an intervention the Emperor and King, in taking this step, which could be no more than the result of the does not look either to the advantages or negociation itself. In 1810, his Majesty, losses which this empire may derive from having clearly discerned that the British the war, if it should be prolonged; he is igiorders in Council of 1807, rendered the fluenced simply by the considerations of the conduct of the war incompatible with the interests of humanity, and the peace of his independence of Holland, caused indirect people: and if this fourth attempt should overtures to be made towards procuring the not be attended with success, like those return of peace. They were fruitless, and which have preceded it, France will at least the consequence was, that new provinces have the consolation of thinking, that whatwere united to the Empire.

ever blood may yet flow, will be justly im" In the prerent time are to be found putable to England alone. united all the eircumstances of the various

“I have the honour, &c. periods at which his Majesty manifested

“ The Duke of BASSANO." the pacific sentiments which he now orders me again to declare thät he is actuated Copy of the Answer of Lord Castlereagl, by.

Secretary af State for Foreign Apairs of “ The calamities under which Spain, and his Britannic Majesty, to the Letter of the the vast regions of Spanish America, suffer, Minister for Foreign Relations, of the 17th should naturally excite the interest of all of April 1812. nations, and inspire them with an equal anxiety for their termination.

“ London, Office for Foreign Affairs, “I will express myself, Sir, in a manner

April 23, 1812 which your Excellency will find conformable “SiR-Your Excellency's letter of the to the sincerity of the step which I am 17th of this month has been received, and authorised to take; and nothing will better laid before the Prince Regent. ovince the sincerity and sublimity of it than “ His Royal Highness felt, that he owed the precise terms of the language which I it to his honour, before he should authorise have been directed to use. What views me to enter into explanation upon the and motives should induce me to envelope overture which your Excellency has transmyself in formalities suitable to weakness, mitted, to ascertain the precise meaning which alone can find its interest in deceit? attached by the Government of France to

“ The affairs of the Peninsula, and the the following passage of your Excellency two Sicilies, are the points of difference letter, the actual dynasty shall be declared which appear least to admit of being adjust- independent, and Spain governed by the ed. I am authorised to propose to you an national constitution of the Cortes, arrangement of them on the following “ If, as his Royal Highness fears, the basis in

meaning of this proposition is, that the roy. * The integrity of Spain shall be gua- al authority of Spain, and the Government ranteed. France shall renounce all idea of established by the Cortes, shall be recognised * extending her dominions beyond the Pyre- as residing in the brother of the head of the nees. The present dynasty shall be declar French Government, and the Cortes formed ed independent, and Spain shall be governed under his authority, and not in the legitiby a national constitution of her Cortes. mate Sovereign, Ferdinand the VII. and his

“ The independence and integrity of Por- heirs, and the Extraordinary Assembly of tugal sivall be also guaranteed, and the the Cortes, now invested with the power of House of Braganza shall have the sovereign the Government in that kingdom, in his authority.

name and by his authority-I am orm“ The kingdom of Naples shall remain manded frankly and explicitly to declare to in possession of the present Monarch, and your Excellency, that the obligations of good the kingdom of Ski'y shall be guaranteed to faith do not permit his Royal Highness ta

receive

receive a proposition for peace founded on and retreating across the Tormes, having such a basis.

left about 800 men in three forts, construct" But if the expressions cited above, ap- ed upon the ruins of colleges and convents, ply to the actual government of Spain, in Salamanca. The forts were immediately which exercises the Sovereign authority in laid siege to by a division under Major-Gen. the naine of Ferdinand the VII. upon an Clinton. An unsuccessful attempt was made assurance of your Excellency to that effect, upon one of them on the 23d, in which the Prince Regent will feel himself disposed Major-Gen. Bowes was unfortunately killed, to enter into a full explanation upon the and several other officers and a number of basis which has been transmitted, in order men killed and wounded; it surrendered, to be taken into consideration by his Royal however, on the 27th, and the rernaining Highness; and it being his most earnest two were on the same day carried by assault. wish to contribute, in concert with his allies, Between the 16th and 19th of June, to the repose of Europe, and to bring about Marshal Marmont collected his army on a peace, which may be at once honourable, the Douro, and moved forward from Fu. not only for Great Britain and France, but ente Sabuco on the 20th. Lord Welling. also for those States which are in relations ton formed the allied army, with the excep. of amity with each of these powers.

tion of the troops engaged against the forts “ Having made known without reserve in Salamanca, on the heights extending the sentiments of the Prince Regent, with from Villaries to Morisco. The enemy re. respect to a point on which it is necessary maincd in front of the allies during the to have a full understanding, previous to night of the 21st, and established a post on any ulterior discussion, I shall adhere to the their right flank. Sir T. Graham was die instructions of his Royal Highness, by a- rected to attack them in that post on the voiding all superfluous comment and recri. 22d, which he did with the troops of the mination on the accessary objects of your 7th division, who drove the enemy from the letter. I might advantageously, for the ground with considerable loss. They retijustification of the conduct observed by red in the night, and on the following evenGreat Britain at the different periods alluded ing posted themselves with their right on to by your Excellency, refer to the corres- the heights, near Cabeza Velosa, and their pondence which then took place, and to the left on the Tormes at Huerta ; their centre judgment which the world has long since at Aldea Rubiathus endeavouring to comformed of it.

municate with the garrisons in the forts at * As to the particular character the war Salamanca by the left of the Tormes. Lord has unhappily assumed, and the arbitrary Wellington made such movements as counprinciple which your Excellency conceives teracted this attempt, and the enemy crossto have marked its progress, denying, as I ed the Tormes at Huerta on the morning do, that those evils are attributable to the of the 24th. British Government, I at the same time can The operations against the forts in Salaa assure your Excellency, that it sincerely manca were carried on in sight of Marmont's deplores their existence, as uselessly aggra- arny, which remained in its position, with yating the calamities of war, and that its the right at Cabesa Velosa, and the left at most anxious desire, whether at peace or Huerta, till" the night of the 27th, when at war with France, is, to have the relations they broke up, and retired, in three coof the two countries restored to the liberal lumns, towards the Douro ; one towards principles usually acted upon in former Toro, the others on Tordecillas.-The allied times.

army were, on the 30th, encamped on the "I take this opportunity of asuring Guarena. your Excellency of my respect.

The loss of the allies, from 16th to 27th “ CASTLEREAGH." June, inclusive, was as follows:

Killed-2 captains, 3 lieutenants, 1 ensigri,

5 serjeants, 1 drummer, 98 rank and filc, SPAIN.

and 29 horses. Dispatches have been received from the Wounded1 general staff, 1 lieut-colonet, Earl of Wellington, dated from Salamanca 1 major, 10 captains, 10 lieutenants, 5 encn the 18th and 25th June, and from Fu- signs, 14 serjeants, 7 drummers, 317 rank ente la Pena on the 30th, giving an ac- and file, and 51 horses. count of his farther advance into Spain, and Missingm2 lieutenants, 11 rank and file, of the retreat of the French army under and 5 horses. Marmont.

The following are the names of the BriOn the 13th June, the allied army crossed tish officers killed, wounded, and missing : the Agueda, and arrived at Salamanca on Killed Captain Elije, royal artillery ; ihe 16th, the enemy evacuating that place, Captain Sir G. Colquhoun, 2d foot ; Lielit.

Mathews,

« 前へ次へ »