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vate breweries ; it had not, however, been immediately counter manded all the ordits digested ; and, upon consideration, he (Mr they had given for sending goods to AmeriVansittart) found it would be pregnant with ca; to which country he supposed the only many evils. He therefore proposed, in its shipment now intended was that of a Mistead, to make an addition to the assessed nister from the British Government, to ask taxes as follows:-viz.

the American Government what they thought Male servants-Additional 46.

of the Orders in Council. He could not Duty then

L.2 8 0

avoid complaining of such conduct as this. Occasional gardeners

4s. 0 10 0

It was trifling with the feelings of the pub. Riders

12s. 2 0 0

lic. On this account he should conclude by Stewards, bailiffs, &c. to pay

2 Ó Ö giving notice of a motion on Wednesday Porter


next, upon the subject of the Orders in

0 Carriages not used in husbandry 2 0

Council, unless, before that time, some act Waiter at an Inn

3 0

of the Government should appear which

0 Occasional waiters

1 0 0

would substantially accomplish the suspenServants employed in agriculture 0 6 0

sion of those Orders. Four wheeled carriages


Mr Shuridan concluded a statement,

0 o Pleasure horses

2 17 6

which he began the preceding evening, but Horses employed in trade

0 10 0

was obliged to desist through illness,-ex. in agriculture 3 0 0

planatory of his conduct during the late mi. Greyhounds

1 0 0

nisterial negociation. What led to this ex

planation was a charge, (if it can be so cale The estimated gross amount would be

led,) made against the Hon. Gent. by the found to be £.1,903,000. He should de.

Earl of Yarmouth, in the House of Comtain the committee no longer than to move,

mons on Monday—that Mr Sheridan had that it is the opinion of the committee that advised the Noble Earl not to resign his si. the sum of £.22,500,000 to be raised by

tuation under the Prince; and with which way of annuities, be granted to his Majesty advice the Earl complied, from his respect for the service of the year.

to Mr Sheridan's experience and integrity. Mr Huskisson adverted to the increasing This accusation was not denied, but admitratio of the public debt and expenditure, ted by Mr Sheridan. He knew that the and urged the necessity of adopting some house of Hertford intended to resign their well digested plan for improving the revenue

places in the Household, if Lords Grey and of the country. He particularly censured Grenville came into office; and he justified the remissness which prevailed in the col- his concealment of this fact from these Noble lection of the Irish revenue.--After some

Lords, on the ground that the Marquis of observations from Lord A. Hamilton, Sir J. Hertford and Lord Yarmouth would, in his Newport, and others, the resolutions were

opinion, be yielding too much were they to severally put, and agreed to.

resign their states, when it was a well-known Friday, June 19.

fact that they were every way acceptable to Mr Brougham expressed his disappoint- the Prince Regent, from whom they had di. ment to understand, from what had been rectly received their appointments. expressed in the House of Lords the prece

Sir Francis Burdett expressed the strong. ding evening, that the Orders in Council est approbation of the candour, disinterestwere not to be repealed ; and that the whole edness, and sincerity manifested by the of the expectations that had been held out Prince Regent, throughout his endeavours on the subject were a mere juggle, calcula- to comply with the Address of the House of ted to delude and disappoint the public.- Commons, and was of opinion that the House The House must recollect the statement ought to vote an Address of Thanks to his made by the Noble Lord opposite, the day Royal Highness for such conduct. he had brought forward his motion ; and

Monday, June 22. the effect of it might be easily conceived,

CATHOLIC CLAIMS. when he told them, that next morning several merchant had given orders for goods to Mr Canning, in a very long and argube sent off' to America ; and one merchant mentative speech, took a most comprehen. in particular had ordered shipments of goods sive view of this subject. He quoted the to the amount of above one million sterling; opinions of Blackstone and others, on the which shipments would have had the efiect penal statutes, and the circumstances under of keeping one hundred thousand hands which their repeal would become a measure employed for six months. But the moment of justice and safety, and strongly contende they heard the statement made by a Noble ed, that the spirit of conciliation, described Lord in the other House of Parliament, on by the writers of former ages, had arrived. the subject of the Orders in Council, they With respect to wtimate concession, he ob

served, served, it was an event which, on the score cil to the complaints of 100,000 manufacw of authority, it was imposible not to consi- turers in this country, they could not now der as desirable. Mr Burke had anticipated well refuse to concede the Catholic Question it with a prophetic celerity. He could not to 4,000,000 of their fellow subjects in Ireforget that Mr Fox advocated the same land. cause; and in addition to these two great Sir J. Nicol expressed himself against men, who might perhaps, by some, be con- the motion, as did Mr M. Montague. sidered as too sanguine and too eager, to Gen. Mathew's amendment was then nearry their views into execution, before the gatived without a division ; and Mr Canpublic could be well prepared for them, he ning's motion carried by 235 to 106. had to mention the name of Mr Windham, whose mind was cast in a different mould,

Tuesday, June 23. and who was always averse to innovations, Mr Brougham expressed his satisfaction and the removal of existing restraints, until at the Order that had been issued by the he had rigidly examined the grounds, and Prince Regent relative to the Orders in weighed the consequences of the proposed Council, (see page 468.) It was perfectly alteration. He had to number Mr Pitt as agreeable to him and to his friends. He also the advocate of this cause, a man whose wished to express his sense of the very prowarm and sincere attachment to libertyper, frank, and manly conduct of his Mawas guided and disciplined by the most jesty's Government in recalling these Orders, extensive political knowledge, and the great- without attaching any conditions to the reest practical experience. If the question, peal that were likely to frustrate its effects. then, were to be determined on authority As a member of that House, as one of the merely, he could not but think that his country, and on behalf of the manufacturing cause was gained. After some further ob- and commercial interests, he now thanked servations, Mr Canning concluded with them for the frank and manly conduct moring,

which they had pursued. " That the House will, early in the next Lord Castlereagh stated, that it was cersession of Parliament, take into its most tainly the intention, at first, of Ministers, to serious consideration the state of the laws make a conditional suspension; but, not to affecting his Majesty's Roman Catholic sub- make the conciliation a matter of risk bejects in Great Britain and Ireland, with a tween the two countries, they had adopted view to such a final and conciliatory adjust the present. ment, as may be conducive to the peace and strength of the United Kingdom, to

Thursday, June 25. the stability of the Protestant establish- Sir S. Romilly adverted to the Petition of ment, and to the general satisfaction and S. Houlden, late a prisoner in Lincoln Goal, concord of all classes of his Majesty's sub- for debt, which stated, that, while in conjects."

finement, having had a dispute with the Gen. Mathew moved as an Amendment, Governor, in consequence of bringing in his ** That the House should, on Thursday, own bed, and refusing to be supplied by him, resolve itself into a Committee on the sub- he was threatened with being turned over ject."

into the paupers' ward, and was ultimately Mr W. Pole expressed himself in favour confined in a room containing seven beds of the original Resolution, and stated that and thirteen prisoners. On remonstrating he held his present situation only as a mat- with the gaoler, he was twice called before ter of convenience to Governinent, till a Dr Coley Illingworth, who ordered him to successor could be appointed.

be removed and confined in the felons' Mr Ryder opposed the motion, as it cell, where he remained eleven days and would confer a legislative right and an nights, was denied the use of pen, ink, and equal share of political power on the Catho- paper, and no friend permitted to have access lics, which, while they were under the do- to him. He was at last relieved, in conseminion of the Pope, might be attended with sequence of a conversation in that House on danger to the Protestant establishment of the petition of Mr Finnerty. the Empire.

Mr Broughum, after stating that a MaMessrs M. Fitzgerald, Parnell, Vansittart, gistrate had no control over the county gaol, Bankes, Martin, Tierney, Sir J. Newport, which belonged to the Sheriff, whose duty and Lord Castlereagh, spoke in favour of it was to attend to the comforts of the prithe motion, Mr Vansittart saying that he soners, as well as to ride on a caparisoned would not pledge himself to any specific horse into the assize town before the Judges, measure.

with trumpets sounding, moved that the peMr Marryatt said, that as the present tition be referred to a Select Committee. Ministers had conceded the Orders in Coun. Lord Castlcreagh would not oppose the


motion, but recommended an enquiry gene- would bear this tax, which he contended rally into the state of the gaols in the king would principally affect the rich, who used dom.

a variety of articles, such as harness, sadCol. Elison opposed the motion, and sta- dles, &c. made of it. The manufacturers' ted that the gaol was in a state of insurrec- stock in hand would be exempted from the tion.

duty. Sir F. Burdett said, he had intended to The amendment was negatived 60 to 46. criminate the magistrates; but, as a committee would be granted, he would merely

Saturday, June 27. state, that a an had died in the Lancaster Lord Castlercagh presented a nessage prison, through the negligence of the gaoler from his Royal Highness the Prince Re in not permitting him to have medical aid gent, which was read by the Speaker as folin time ; that the gaoler, whose salary was

lows :£.300 a year, hid amassed near £20,000, “ G. P. R. and was in the habit of lending money to “ His Royal Highness the Prince Regent, the magistrates. He strongly deprecated in the name and on behalf of his Majesty, solitary confirement, as investing a gaoler has ordered to be laid before the House, cowith unlimited power—the only check was, pies of the various documents relating to that the friends of the prisoner should not certain violent and dangerous proceedings be denied access to him.

which have taken place in several counties After a few words from Messrs. Wilber

in the kingdom; and his Royal Highness force and H. Sumner, and Sir C. Mordaunt, relies upon their wisdom, for the adoption a Committee of 21 Gentlemen was appoint- of measures calculated for the preservation ed.

of the lives and properties of his Majesty's Friday, June 26.

subjects, and the restoration of order and On the report on the Excise Duty Bill

tranquillity throughout the empire." being taken into consideration, Mr Brough- The Noble Lord then moved that this am warmly opposed the additional tax on

message be taken into consideration on Monleather, which he urged would press se- day. Ordered. verely on husbandry, as well as the lower classes, the duty being imposed by weight,

Monday, June 29. and therefore falling principally on the hea- Lord Castlereagh presented a sealed packet vy and coarse stuff used for the shoes of from the Prince Regent relative to the dise poor people. The shoes of farmers' servants turbed counties, and moved an address in he calculated would experience a rise of ls. answer to the message of Saturday, as usual 6d. per pair, which, allowing two pairs per an echo of the same. The address was annum, would be a tax of 38. per year on agreed to, after a few words from Mr Whitthat class. In regard to husbandry, it would bread and Mr Wilberforce, recommending be an annual tax of £2 on a farm of 100 acres. moderation in the ulterior proceedings. A He considered this duty as a poll tax, but a committee of 21 was ordered to be chosen poll tax not on the head but the feet, and by ballot to examine these papers, after some Ministers appeared to have substituted a foot objections to the mode by Mr Whitbread tax for the late hat tax.

and Sir F. Burdett, who preferred choosing Lord Althorp urged similar reasons against the committee openly. the tax, and moved, as an amendment, that the bill be taken into consideration this day

Tuesday, June 30. six months.

The House appointed by ballot, a Secret Mr Lockhart, Gen. Tarleton, Mr Bid- Committee on the disturbed counties, viz : dulph, Sir T. Turton, and Mr Sheridan, Messrs Canning, Wilberforce, Lord Castlespoke against the bill, and wished that time reagh, Messrs Lascelles, Lambe, Whitbread, should be allowed for consulting the tan-. Master of the Rolls, Davenporte, J. Blackners and shoemakers, who would be affected burn, W. Bootle, C. Yorke, Lord G. L. Gowby it.

er, Lord Milton, Mr C. Long, Lord Newark, The Chancellor of the Exchequer said, that Mess. S. Wortley, J. Smith, Paget, Tierney, the increased improvements in agriculture Babington, and Leycester.


historical Affairs.


public laws, and of their national flag, have DECLARATION OF WAR AGAINST BRITAIX.

been torn from their country, and from every

thing dear to them ; have been dragged on AN act, declaring war with this country,

board ships of war of a foreign nation, and after passing both houses of Congress, received the sanction of the President of the

exposed, under the severities of their discip

line, to be exiled to the most distant and United States on the 18th June; previous to which the following message, enumerating

deadly climes, to risk their lives in the batthe various complaints of America against

tles of their oppressors, and to be the me Great Britain, was submitted to Congress,

lancholy instruments of taking away those

of their own brethren. To the Senate and House of Representatives “ Against this crying enorinity, which of the United States.

Great Britain would be so prompt to avenge, “ I communicate to Congress certain do if committed against herself, the United cuments, being a continuation of those here States have in vain exhausted remonstrances tofore laid before them, on the subjects of and expostulations. And that no proof our affairs with Great Britain.

might be wanting of their conciliatory dis" Witbout going beyond the renewal, in positions, and no pretext left for continuance 1803, of the war in which Great Britain is

of the practice, the British Government was engaged, and omitting unrepaired wrongs formally assured of the readiness of the of inferior magnitude, the conduct of the United States to enter into arrangements, Government presents a series of acts, hos such as could not be rejected, if the recovetile to the United States as an independent ry of the British subjects were the real and and neutral nation.

the sole object. The communication passed “ British cruizers have been in the con without effect. tinued practice of violating the American “ British cruizers have been in the pracflag on the great highway of nations, and of tice also of violating the rights and the peace seizing and carrying off persons sailing un of our coasts. They hover over and harrass der it; not in the exercise of a belligerent our entering and departing commerce.

Το right, founded on the law of nations, against the most insulting pretensions they have an enemy, but of a municipal prerogative added lawless proceedings in our very har. over British subjects. British jurisdiction is bours, and have wantonly spilt American thus extended to neutral vessels in a situa blood within the sanctuary of our territorial tion where no laws can operate but the law jurisdiction. The principles and rules enof nations, and the laws of the country to forced by that nation, when a neutral nation, which the vessels belong; and a self address against armed vessels of belligerents hoveris assumed, which, if British subjects were ing near her coasts, and disturbing her comwrongfully detained and alone concerned, is merce are well known. When called on, that substitution of force for a resort to the nevertheless, by the United States, to punish responsible sovereign, which falls within the the greater offences committed by her own definition of war. Could the seizure of Bri vessels, her Government has bestowed on tish subjects, in such cases, be regarded as their commanders additional marks of howithin the exercise of a belligerent right, the nour and confidence. acknowledged laws of war, which forbid an “ Under pretended blockades, without article of captured property to be adjudged, the presence of an adequate force, and somewithout a regular investigation before a com times without the practicability of applying petent tribunal, would imperiously demand one, our commerce has been plundered in the fairest trial, where the sacred rights of every sea; the great staples of our country persons were at issue. In place of such trial, have been cut off from their legitimate marthese rights are subjected to the will of every kets; and a destructive blow aimed at our petty Commander.

agricultural and maritime interests. In ag"The practice, hence, is so far from af gravation of these predatory measures, they fecting British subjects alone, that under the have been considered as in force from the pretext of searching for these, thousands of dates of their notification ; a retrospective efAmerican citizens, under the safeguard of fect being thus added, as has been done in


other important cases, to the unlawfulness exemplified by British usage ; and that the of the course pursued. And to render the French repeal, besides including that por. outrage the more signal, these'mock blockades tion of the decrees which operates within have been reiterated and inforced in the face a territorial juri-diction, as well as that of official communications from the British which operates on the high seas against the Government, declaring, as the true defini. commerce of the United Statss, should not tion of a legal blockade, “ that particular be a single special repeal in relation to the ports must be actually invested, and previ- United States, but should be extended to ous warning given to vessels bound to them whatever other neutral pations unconnected not to enter.

with them may be affected by those “ Not content with these occasional ex- decrees. pedients for laying waste our neutral trade, “And, as an additional insult, they are cal. the Cabinet of Great Britain resorted, at led on for a formal disavowal of conditions length, to the sweeping system of blockades, pretensions advanced by the French Gounder the name of orders in Council, which vernment, for which the United States are has been moulded and managed as might so far from having been themselves responbest suit its political views, its commercial sible, that, in official explanations, which jealousies, or the avidity of British cruizers. have been published to the world, and in a

“ To our remonstrances against the com- correspondence of the American Minister at plicated and transcendant injustice of this London, with the British Minister for Foinnovation, the first reply was, that the or- reign Affairs, such a responsibility was es. ders were reluctantly adopted by Great Bri- plicitly and emphatically disclaimed. tain as a necessary retaliation on decrees of “ It has become indeed sufficiently cerher enemy, proclaiming a general blockade tain, that the commerce of the United States of the British isles, at a time when the na- is to be sacrificed, not as interfering with val force of that enemy dared not issue from belligerent rights of Great Britain, not as his ports. She was reminded without effect, supplying the wants of their enemies, which that her own prior blockades, unsupported she herself supplies, but as interfering with by an adequate naval force actually applied the monopoly which she covets for her own and continued, were a bar to this plea; that commerce and navigation. She carries on executed edicts against millions of our pro- a war against the lawful commerce of a perty, could not be retaliation on edicts con- friend, that she may the better carry on a fesssedly impossible to be executed ; that commerce with an enemy, a commerce po!. retaliation, to be just, should fall on the luted by the forgeries and perjuries which party setting the guilty example, not on an are for the most part the only passports by innocent party, which was not even charge, which it can succeed. able with an acquiescence in it.

“ Anxious to make every experiment “ When deprived of this flimsy veil for a short of the last resort of injured nations, prohibition of our trade with Great Britain, the United States hare withheld from Great her Cabinet, instead of a corrresponding Britain, under successive modifications, the repeal or a practical discontinuance of its benefits of a free intercourse with their mar. orders, formally avowed a determination to ket, the loss of which could not but outweigh persist in them against the United States, the profits accruing from her restrictions of until the markets of her enemy should be our commerce with other nations. And to laid open to Britsh products: thus asserting entitle those experiments to the more fa. an obligation on a neutral power to require vourable consideration, they were so framed one belligerent to encourage, by its internal as to enable her to place her adversary un regulations, the trade of another bellige- der the exclusive operation of them. To rent, contradicting her own practice towards these appeals her Government has been all nations in peace as well as in war; and equally inflexible, as if willing to make sacri. betraying the insincerity of those professions, fices of every sort, rather than yield to the which inculcated a belief, that having resort- claims of justice, or renounce the errors of a ed to her orders with regret, she was anxious false pride. Nay, so far were the attempts to find an occasion for putting an end to carried to overcome the attachment of the them.

British Cabinet to its unjust edicts, that it “ Abandoning still more all respeet for received every encouragement, within the the neutral rights of the United States, and competency of the executive branch of ear for its own consistency, the British Govern- Government, to expect that a repeal of them ment now demands, as pre-requisites to a would be followed by a war between the repeal of its orders, as they relate to the United States and France, unless the French United States, that a formality should be edicts should also be repealed. Even this observed in the repeal of the French decrees, communication, although silencing for ever no wise necessary to their termination, nor the plea of a disposition in the United States

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