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cent, Marshall, and Johnson, severely; pieces of cannon, and an immense quarter Captain Thwaites, Lieuts, Stroud and Arm- of baggage. By accounts from Sir Home strong, and Ensigns Thatcher and Warton, Popham, it appears that the head quarters slightly; and Le Mesurier (right arm am. of the allies were on the 2d August at Cuel. putated), 48th Reg. 1st Batt. Lieut. Col. lar, 10 leagues south east of the Douro, and Bingham, Brig. Lieut. Colonel Robinson, the enemy were still retiring, having alan. Capts. Robinson, Fehrszen, and Fernandez, donck Valladolid, with 4000 sick and severely ; Capts. Poppleton, Blackall, and wounded, besides great quantities of stores M.Dougal; Lieuts. Hunter and Nicholson ; and ammunition. Subsequent to the battle, Ensign Bunworth and Adj. Carse, 533 Reg. Lord Wellington had been joined by the 2d Batt. slightly. Lieut. Colonel Wiliams, 42d, and two more regiments, recently as. slightly ; Major Galiffe and Ensign Lucke, rived in the Peninsula, and the Spanish Goth Reg. 5th Batt. severely. Major troops under Santocildes have also formed Downing, and Capts. Okeand M.Leod, 61st part of the allied army. Foot, 1st Battalion, severely.
In the south of spain, General Hill contiCapts. Green, Faville, since dead, Licuts. nues to keep in check the forces under Soult; Faulkner, Chapman, Parnace, Collis, Brack- but the projected expedition under General enburg, Royal, Toole, Ensigns Whyte, Maitland, which was to have landed in Heere, and Singletory, 61st Fcot, 1st Batt. Catalonia, having from some cause unes ('aptain and Brevet Major Millarof the 68th plained, been postponed, if not altogether Foot, Captain and Brevet Major Thompson, abandoned, Suchet, who has a considerable and Lieut. Ewing, 74th Foot, Licut. Gas. force in that quarter, has been relieved from coyne, 83d Foot, 2d Batt. Capt. Adair, his apprehensions on that account ; and as Lieuts. Nichols, and Meade, SSth Foot, Ist there is a possibility of his unitirs with Batt. Lieut-Col. Campbell, Capt. Cooke, Soult's army, it is not supposcil, in these and Lieut. Griffiths, 94th Foot, Capt. Hulse- circumstances, that the Earl of Wellington man, and Lt. Hartwig, 1st Lt. Batt. K. G. will follow the remains of Marinont's army L. Capt, Schamhorst and Lieut. Repke, 2d much farther north ; but will rather fall Line Batt. ditto, Capt. Langresher 5th ditto, back on the frontiers of Portugal, that he Lieut. Lueder, Brunwick Oels, Volunteers may the more readily effect a junction with M.Alpin, 1st R. Scotts, Perry, 9th Foot, 1st General Hill's force if necessary. Batt. and Morsshell 53d ditto, 2d Patt. se- The French force before Cadiz hare lateverely; Lieuts. Daniell, Chipchase, Gloster, ly erected some new invented mortarson fort Wolfe, 61st Foot let Batt. and Capt. North, Matagorda, from which they continue at .69th Foot, Lieut. Evans, 830 Foot 2d Batt. intervals to throw shells of two cwt. into the Lieut. Kingsmiil, 88th Fooi, 1st Batt. city, and which have done considerable Capt. Haassman, 2d Lt. Batt. K. G. L. and damage to it, and of course created great Lt. Griesham, Burirswick Oels, slightly. : alarm among the inhabitants. Killed and IVounded on the 23d of July.
In consequence of the eminent services of
the Earl of Wellington in Spain and PortuKilled--Lieuts. Voss and llengell, Ist
gal, the Prince Regent of Great Britain has Dragoons, K. G. L. and Capt. Usslar, 2d
been pleased to create him Marquis of Wels tutto, ditto.
POLAND. met, 2d dragoons. K. G. L. slightly.
RE-ESTABLISHMENT OF THE KINGDOM. The following British names appear in the return of killed and wounded from the
The French papers of last month contain
a report from the Committee appointed by the Portugese regiments.
General Diet assembled at Warsaw, addressed Killed. Captain John Wardlaw.
to the Polish nation, reminding it of the inIV ornded-Field-Marshall Beresford, se
sults and injuries it has suffered from Russia; verely; Captain Synge, Aid-de-Camp to Brigadier-Gen. Pack, ditto ; Col. Collins,
who, they say, “has for a century past been flightly; Lieut Col. Watson, ditto ; Major countries that had scarcely heard her very
advancing with the stride of a giant towards Wylde, ditto ; Captain Marley, severely ; Lieut.-Col. Anderson, slightly; Capt.G.Craw- have decided betwen Charles and Peter,
name, and when Pultowa seemed only to ford, severely ; Lieut.-Col. Williams, Capt. Europe was conquered almost at the same M'Gregor, and Major St Leger Hill, ditto.
moment with Sweden-Poland has at length
totally disappeared without guilt, as with. The total loss of the enemy is calculated out revenge. People of Poland, force has in the private accounts at 20,000 men, enchained you, but force can break your 8000 of whom are prisoners, besides 20 chains, and they shall be broken. That
Prince whose calculations embrace the fu- nications, in which it appears he at length ture with as much facility as the present, succeeded, having, according to the Russian the founder of a vast Empire, knows that accounts, joined the main army under Gen. there must be a barrier, eternal and impe- Barclay de Tolli, about the 26th July, at netrable against the invasion of ignorance Witepsk. Previous to effecting this juncand barbarism : he knows that there must tion, Prince Bagration fought two desperate be a frontier which shall separate polished battles with the French divisions opposed to nations from savage. New Sigismonds and him, in the first of which he entirely denew Sobieskis shall arise, and the world stroyed nine regiments of the enemy's cashall learn, that, to produce the fruit of all valry, taking prisoners 1000 men, among the nobler virtues, the soil of Poland has on whom were 50 officers. In the second acly to be tilled by the hands of Freemen. tion, which took place on the 25th, the Your Committee has the honour of present. French, who made the attack, sustained a ing the following Act of Confederation :. loss of 8000. On the same day, the main
“The Diet constitutes itself a General Con Russian army was attacked, when they repulfederation of Poland. The General Confeder- sed the French, causing them a loss of 6000 ation, exercising, in all their plenitude, the men. On the 30th and 31st July, a French powers belonging to the General Association corps, under the command of Marshal Oudi. of the Nation, declares, that the Kingdom of not, attacked the Russians commanded by Poland, and the Body of the Polish Nation, Count Wittgenstein, when they were repulare re-established. A deputation shall be sed with great slaughter, leaving 3000 prisent to his Majesty the Emperor Napoleon, soners, two pieces of cannon, and a great King of Italy, to present to him the acts of quantity of baggage. These last accounts the Confederation, and to implore him to are published in the Gottenburgh papers, in cover with his powerful protection the çram a Russian Bulletin, dated Klessiezki, July 31. dle of Polish regeneration."
The official accounts also state, that Barclay There are fifteen more articles for carry- de Tolli had gained some advantages over ing into effect the above object, and appoint- Davoust's corps, ing a Council, to which the Confederation The tenth French Bulletin mentions three delegates its powers. The Council consists actions which had been fought with the of Santislaus Count Zamoyski, Senator Pa- Russians, on the 25th, 26th, and 27th July, latine, and nine other members ; five of near Ostrovno.
“ The fruits of these three whom are to be a quorum.
actions," says the Bulletin, " are 10 pieces of It is supposed the King of Saxony will be cannon, of Russian manufacture, taken-the called to the throne of Poland,
cannoneers sabred ; 20 caissons of ammu. A deputation from the Confederation was nition ; 1500 prisoners; 5 or 6000 Russians presented to the Emperor Napoleon at Wil- killed or wounded. Our loss amounts to na, who, in reply to the act of Confederation, 200 killed, 900 wounded, and about 50 priassured the deputies, that he highly appro soners.—The French Bulletin is dated from ved of all that they had done, and would Witepsk, on the 31st July, where the headsecond with his utmost efforts their resolu- quarters of their army then were.
The tions; observing, however, that he had Russians left Witepsk on the 27th, at night, guaranteed to the Emperor of Austria the and retired upon Smolensko, where, by the integrity of his dominions, and could not, last accounts, their armies were concentrated. therefore, sanction any manæuvre, or any Preliminaries of peace have been signed movement, which might tend to trouble the by the respective plenipotentiaries of the peaceable possession of his Polish provinces. Courts of London, Stockholm, and St Pe.
tersburgh; and an expedition is in conse
quence talked of as in preparation in the THE NORTHERN WAR.
Swedish ports, to act on the rear of the The campaign in the north of Europe French army. An expectation is also held has only as yet been productive of manau out of Denmark being induced to enter into vering, and, occasionally, partial actions, the coalition against France ; but this for between the contending armies. The Rus the present appears to be only speculation. sians, when the French armies crossed the The official statement of the military force Neimen, retired to avoid a battle, and their of Sweden, drawn up for the inspection of left wing, under Prince Bagration, being in- Bernadotte, published in the Stockholm Gatercepted at Grodno and Minsk, was forced to zette of last month was as follows:-Regular cross the Boristhenes, and thus separated army, 35,000 ; reserve 50,000; new levy, from the main army. This happened about 7000.-Total, 92,000 men.
1.-The naval esthe beginning of July, since which period, the timate comprises 6000 seamen, and 3000 efforts of Prince Bagration have been wholly marine artillery. Hirected to the regaining of þis lost commu The following proclamation was issued
by Alexander, upon the passage of the Nei- servants in the other parts of the house were men-by the French army:
alarmed with the report of a pistol ; and, on “ The French troops have passed the bor- entering the apartment, the dreadful spec. ders of our Empire a complete treacherous tacle presented itself of three lifeless bodies attack is the reward of the observance of drenched in blood extended on the floor. our alliance. For the preservation of peace The assassin was found with his brains blown I have exhausted every possible means out, and the pistol was still in his hand. consistently with the honour of my throne and the advantage of my people. All my
MR MUNGO PARK. endeavours have been in vain. The Emper- The following brief narrative of the lat. or Napoleon has fully resolved in his own ter end of this enterprising but unfortunate mind to ruin Russia. The most moderate traveller, we can vouch for, from the quarter proposals on our parts have remained with whence it is obtained : out an answer. This sudden surprise has "Early last spring, Sir Joseph Banks reshewn, in an unequivocal manner, the ceived dispatches from Governor Maxwell, groundlessness of his pacific promises which at Senegal, containing the journal of Isaaco, he lately repeated. There therefore remain the native who conducted Mr Park and his no further steps for me to take, but to have party to the Niger, and who was again sent recourse to arms, and to employ all the by Colonel Maxwell, for the special purpose means that have been granted me by Provi- of procuring farther information respecting dence to use force against force. I place full them. Isaaco returned to Senegal in alconfidence in the zeal of my people, and on tumn last, and, having kept a regular and the bravery of my troops. As they are minute journal of his daily proceedings, threatened in the middle of their families, there is now, unfortunately, but little room they will defend them with their national 'to doubt the correetness of his narrative, bravery and energy. Providence will crown from the detail of circumstances it contains; with success our just cause. The defence although the certainty of death itself, is less of our native country, the maintenance of afflicting to relatives than the awful conour independence and national honour, have templation of a life of hopeless servitude, compelled us to have recourse to arms. I among the rudest and most unfeeling of barwill not sheath my sword so long as there barians. Isaaco saw at Landsaudin (a few is an enemy within my Imperial borders. miles on this side of the extreme point of (Signed) “ ALEXANDER." Mr Park's former journey) the guide whs
had conducted them down the Niger, beDOMESTIC INTELLIGENCE.
yond Haussa, who, after giving a very dis
tinct account of their perils whilst under his DREADFUL MURDER AT BARNES, SURREY.
guidance, also stated, that, shortly after The Count and Countess D’Antraigues, leaving them, he met with the person who two foreigners of distinction and great noto- had succeeded him as guide, and who acriety in the fashionable world, were, on the quainted him, that, in their progress down 22d July, savagely butchered by their own that stream, the canoe, in approaching 2 ra. servant, who afterwards cluded the just ven- pid, became unmanageable, and was fast geance of the law by putting an end to his proceeding towards danger, as well as a hos. own wretched existence.
tile shore. In this extremity, Eoropeans The monster who perpetrated this series of and natives leapt overboard, and attempted foul crimes was an Italian servant, who had to save their lives by swimming. By subeen long in the employinent of the Count perior skill, and by keeping to the nearest and Countess. From the particulars which (although hostile) shore, the guide alone have transpired, it would appear that the reached the land all the rest perished ! the villain watched an opportunity when the boat went down, with all their effects, sare Countess was in a room by herself, and a buff military belt belonging to Leiutenant rushed upon her with a pistol, which he Martin of the African corps, and which presented, but it missed fire. He then drew Isaaco has brought to Senegal. The guide a poniard, and plunged it to the hilt in her was hardly dealt with by the natives, and back, as she was struggling to escape from said, that had be belonged to a country at his deadly grasp
enmity with them, he would have lost either Her dying screams brought the Count D'. his life or liberty. The unfortunate Chris*Antraigues into the apartment, where he tians, had they escaped ashore, would mosi heheld his lady extended lifeless on her face certainly have suffered both." at the feet of the assassin. The brutal savage As nothing has occurred to throw the tben made at his master, and with one thrust least discredit on this afflicting narrative, we cf his poniard bereaved him of life also. must sorrowfully add, that his friends no But a few seconds intervened, when the longer entertain a doubt of his hopeless fate
COURT OF SESSION.
tions, (for there were specialities in each FIRST DIVISION.
case) was, that according to the most ancient
usage, the advoc-tes' first clerks were the Society of Solicitors before the Supreme Courts only regular practitioners before the Supreme of Scotland, v. Moffat and others.-June
Court; and from the moment of their ap23. 1812.
pointment, become members of the College
of Justice; and as such, entitled to various THE question here was, Whether the de- privileges and immunities, to which the purfenders, who are solicitors before the in
sucrs, ucither in their corporate nor indiviferior courts, had any right or title, in cha. dual capacity, leave the slightest pretension.-racter of advocates' first clerks, to act as Thcir rights are expressly confirmed by the agents or solicitors in the Court of Session, acts 1754, 1772, and 1787. By the artiTiend Court, or High Court of Justiciary? cles of Union, it is declared, that the rights
In February 1797, the pursuers obtained and privileges of the Court of Session, and a charter from the Crown, erecting them College of Justice, shall remain fixed and into a body corporate, and declaring, that unalterable, otherwise than by act of Parliano person or persons, but such as should be ment. The charter of his Majesty to the members of their society, should be entitled pursuers cannot have this effect. It is in fact to agent, procure, or solicit, or in any mode, a mere concession of certain privileges, in directly or indirectly, to begin, carry on, or favour of persons of a particular description, defend any action or actions, before the and can never be understood to infringem Court of Session, Court of Teinds, or High the rights of the Faculty of Advocates, Court of Justiciary; but always with and whence the defenders titles flow, or of the under the exceptions and limitations con- CoHege of Justice, of which, in virtue of tained in the acts of sederunt, or any regu- their appointments, they form constituent lations made, or to be made by the Court. members. There is, however, no improThis charter, at the same time, contained a priety in practising before more Courts than reservation of the rights of writers to the the Court of Session, Justiciary, and Teinds. signet, of agents admitted in terms of the There are seven ojo these pursuers themselves acts of sederunt, and of the privileges of at this moment procurators before the High such advocates' first clerks who had obtaini- Court of Admiralty; and it is absurd to aled their nominations prior to the date of the lege that there is either incompetency or incharter. In virtue of this charter, the so- compatiblity in advocates' first clerks also ciety proceeded to challenge certain encroach- acting before the sheriff or comunissary ments made on their privileges by the writers courts. The Court of Session found, in June to the signet; and, after a long and expen- 1781, that an Advocate may be a notary șive litigation, in which the question went public; and in May 1798, in a question betwice to the House of Lords, the solicitors twixt Mr A. Youngson, writer to the signet, prevailed. They next brought actions of and the society of which he was a member, declarator against the defender, Mr Muffat, the Court found that it was not incoinpatible and three others, advocates' first clerks, to for him also to practice as a procurator in have it found and declared, that it is incom- the Court of Admiralıy. petent for them, or any other person or per- The parties stated their arguments in long sons, carrying on business as procurators, informations, and upon advising the cauze, agents, or solicitors, in commissary, sheriff, it was expressed from the bench, and acborough, or other inferior courts, to con- quicscd in by all their Lordvips, that no duct, or carry on actions in the Court of charter from the Crown could interiere with Session, unless they shall first renounce, and the rights and privileges of the Court of Ses. give up their practice and business in the sion, nor with the advocates' first clerks, said inferior courts, and be thereafter ex- whose rights were guarded by previous acts amined, and found qualified, in terms of the of sederunt. And even had the purstars' act of sederunt respecting the admission and charter contained the most broad and genequalification of agents and solicitors in the ral clauses, nay, every thing their hearts Court of Session, by the pursuers, or the could have wined, yet the Court could not exaininators appointed by them.
have paid the last üttention to it, as it enThe general defence pleaded to these ac- croached upon the rights of third parties. August 1812.
No No charter from the Crown could encroach lowing gentiemen are appointed Stewards upon the rights and liberties of the subject; for Ediuburgh Races next yeur: and the present action was derogatory to
Lieutenant-General Sir David Baird, Bart. the Court, to the laws, to the practitioners, K. B. K. C. and to these pursuers themselves.
Sir Gilbert Stirling, Baronet. The defenders were assoilzied, and the William Ilay of Drummelzier, Esq. pursuers found liable in expences.
Charles M. Christie of Durie, Esq. On the 7th of July, the powder mill at
DREADFUL FIRE. Roslin blew up, by which two carpenters were killed, and a third died some days af
Glasgow, July 31.-Last night, between
nine and ten o'clock, an alarming tire broke ter.
out in the worhshops connected wiih Vir We understand, that an elegant Observa- John Reid's extensive cabinet warehouse, in tory is to be erected on the Calton-hill by
Virginia Street. It had m de considerable the Astronomical Institution of Edinburgh,
progress before it was discovered, and from from the designs of a celebrated architect.
the quantity of wood and other combustili Till this building is completed, the old Oi)
materials in the building, the flames, in a servatory is to be furnished with several
few minutes, burst freni the roof with great nieteorological, astronomical, and optical
fury. So rapid was its progress, that the instruments, for the use of the subscribers
awtul illumination it produced over the to the institution. Sir George Mackenzie, town was the first thing that gave the inha. Bart. the Vice-President of the Institution, bitants the alarm. Froin the construction has presented it with a very valuable two
of the building, and the confusion that arose feet Gregorian telescope, elegantly mounted in removing the furniture-the firemen, alwith horizontal and vertical movements. though soon on the spot, and although they There is at present, in the possession of
directed the engines in the most powerful a gentleman in Dunre, a manuscript copy
manner, could do little to stop its progress. of Professor Zachariah Boyd's Bible, a great
The water was at first but scanty, but inticuriosity, done by the late Sir John Pringle,
ina ion having been sent to the engine-inan President of the Royal Academy, London ;
at Dahmarnock to set the engine to work, a and supposed to be the only co;?y ever inade
plentiful supply was soon obtained from the from the original in Glasgow College
When the beams of the main
roof gave way, the weight of slates and Edinburgh races commenced on Lith brick-work carried all before it to the bote Sands on the 27th July. There was no race tom, and we are distressed to state, that se. on Monday, one of the horses having died veral men, who were actively employed in the day before. Tuesday's race for the the lower floor, removing the furniture, King's 100 guineas, Wis a good race of three were buried in the ruins eren dead bodies heats. On Wednesday a puurse of 50 gui- wcre dug out yesterday, and two more toneas was run for, and won by
day. Mr Hannah, a son of Mr Hannah, M: Bell's chesnut colt, Young
flesher, has been much burnt, and several Warter
3 0 1 1 others were much hurt, but none of them Lord Montgomerie's chesnut
are con idered in a dangerous staie. A miscolt, Kilruddery
1 0 2 2 creant was lodged in the police office, for Mr Baird's chesnut mare 2 dr.
attempting to plundur during the coniagraThis was a most excellent race, and one tion. The whole of the buildings are burnt of the best contested that has been run on down, except the small front wing in Argyll the sands of Leith these many years.
The Street, and considerable exertion was neces. second heat was so close that it was declared sary to preserve the different valuable builde a dead one. The fourth heat was not so ings around it. The premises, and the whole close run as the three preceding, Kiiruddery of the men's tools, are insured to an extent giving up when about half way in from the which completely covers the loss. The distance post in the last round. So near a books, and a considerable part of the furnimatch between two horses has not occurred ture and stock are saved. here since the famous race about 20 years The property was insured as follows: ago, between Mr Hamilton of Wishaw's Sun Fire Office L6600 | Caledonian £3300 (the present Lord Belhaven) horse Star, and Atlas...
5000 Hercules... 3300 Mr Baird of Newbyth's horse Rattler, who Globe
-21,200 ran four heats, the third being a dead one. Rattler gained the race by less than a head
APPOINTMENTS. the fourth heat.
[From the London Gazette.] The other races were very indifferent, IVhitehall, July 7.-The Prince Regent and the company not numerous, The folhas appointed John Wauchope, Esq. to be