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Mr WMTBREAD took a review of the state had offered its hest mediation; and he on. of the war, and of all our foreign rela- ly lamented, that both parties were not tions. He considered the contest in the equally disposed to reconcilement. With Peninsula as hopeless. He expressed an respect to the United States, he assured opinion that Bonaparte's character was not the House, every degree of conciliation, incompatible with any proposition for consistent with the honour and dignity of peace; and concluded with an ardent wish this conntry, had and would be held out ; that he had what he so emphatically wish- but the Berlin and Milan decrees had not ed for, commercial ships, colonies, and been repealed, except upon grounds wholly commerce ; for then, and not till then, inadmissible by this country. The British would the world be at peace.
arıny in the Peninsula was stronger by Mr PercevĄL reprobated this earnest de- 10,000 men, than last year at this time; sire that the enemy might gain those re- and he contended, that the finances of thiş sources which enabled this country to car- country were neyer in so flourishing ry on the contest. He treated all the Hon. state, particularly the excise duties. Gentleman's predictions with contempt, as Mr CREEVEY moved to adjourn the dis. they were the same which had been falsi. cussion till the accounts were brought up; fied by the events of last year. With re- but this was resisted by Mr Perceval, and spect to Spanish America, this country the address was read and agreed to:
CAPTURE OF BATAVIA.
degree certainly never surpassed. It is my duty to lay before your Lordship the details of their success, but it is not in
my power to do them the justice they de(Extract from the London Gazette Extra- serve, or to express how much their coun. ordinary, Dec. 16, 1811.)
try is indebted to them for their great ex
ertions. Your Lordship is acquainted with SIR SAMUEL AUCHMUTY'S DISPATCH TO LORD the reasons that induced me to attempt a MINTO.
landing in the neighbourhood of Batavia. Weltevreede, August 31, 1811. It was effected without opposition at the My LORD--After a short but arduous village of Chillingching, twelve miles east campaign, the troops you did me the ho- of the city, on the 4th inst. My intennour to place under my orders, have taken tion was to proceed from thence by the the capital of Java, have assaulted and direct road to Cornelis, where the enemy's carried the enemy's formidable works at force was said to be assembled in a strongCornelis, have defeated and dispersed their ly fortified position, and to place the city collected force, and have driven them from of Batavia on my rear, from whence alone the kingdoins of Bantain and Jacatra. I could expect to derive supplies equal to This brilliant success, over a well appoint- the arduous contest we were engaged in. ed and disciplined force, greatly superior As some time was required to make prepain numbers, and in every respect well rations for an inland movement, I judged equipped, is the result of the great zeal, it proper to reconnoitre the road by the gallantry, and discipline of the troops, coast leading to Batavia, and observe how qualities which they have possessed in a far it would be practicable to penetrate by
that edute. I was aware that it was ex. bayonet, completely routed their force, tremely strong, and, if well defended, and took their guns. A strong column 'nearly impracticable. Advancing with from their works advanced to their supjart of my army, I had the satisfaction to port; but, our line being arrived, they find that it was not disputed with us, and were instantly pursued, and driven under the only obstacle to our progress was oco shelter of their batteries. casiored by the destruction of the bridge In this affair, so creditable to Colonel over the Anjul river. I approached the Gillespie, and the corps of the advance, river on the 6th, and observing during the grenadier company of the 78th, and that eveniog a large fire in Batavia, Icon. the detachment of the 89th regiment, parcluded it was the intention of the enemy ticularly distinguished themselves, to evactiate the city; and with this impres charging and capturing the enemy's årtilsion I directed the advance of the army lery. Our loss was trilling compared with coder Colonel Gillespie, to pass the river the enemy's, which may be estimated at in boats on the succeeding night.—They 500 men, with Brigadier General Alberti, lodged themselves in the suburbs of the dangerously wounded. city, and a temporary bridge was hastily Though we had hitherto been successconstructed on the morning of the 8th, ca- ful, beyond my most sanguine expectations, pable of supporting light artillery. On our further progress became extremely disibat day the burghers of Batavia applied ficult, and somewhat doubtful. for protection, and surrendered the city The enemy, greatly superior in numwithout opposition, the garrison having re bers, was strongly intrenched in a position treated to Weltevreede.
between the great river Jacatra, and the The possession of Batavia was of the Sloken, an artificial watercourse, neither utmost importance. Though large store of which were fordable. This position was houses of public property were burnt by shut up by a deep trench, strongly pallisthe enemy, previous to their retreat, and aded. Seven redoubts, and many batevery effort made to destroy the remainder, teries, mounted with heavy cannon, occi!We were fortunate in preserving some va pied the most commanding grounds within luable granaries, and other stores. The the lines. The fort of Cornelis was in the city, though abandoned by the principal in- centre, and the whole of the works was labitants, was filled with an industrious defended by: a numerous and well organized race of people, who could be particularly 'artillery. The season was too far advanuseful to the army. Provisions were in ced, the heat too violent, and our numbers abundance, and an easy communication insufficient to admit of regular approaches. preserved with the Acet.
To carry the works by assault was the al. in the night of the 8th, a feeble at. ternative, and on that I decided. In aid tempt was made by the enemy to cut off of this measure, I directed some batteries a small guard I had sent for the security to disable the principal redoubts, and for of the place, but the troops of the advance two days kept up a heavy fire from twenty • head, unknown to them, reinforced the 18-pounders and eight mortars and howit. party early in the evening, and the attack Their execution was great, and I was repulsed. The advance under Colonel had the pleasure to find, that, though ara Gillespie occupied the city on the 9th. Śwered at the commencement of each day,
Very early on the morning of the 10th, by a far more numerous artillery, we daily 1 directed Colonel Gillespic, with his corps, silenced their nearest batteries, considerto move from Batavia, towards the enemy's ably disturbed every part of seir position, cantonment at Weltevreede, supported by and were evidently superior in our fire. two brigades of infantry, that marched At dawn of day on the 26th, the assault betore break of day through the city, and was made.
The principal attack was enfollowed his route. The cantonment was trusted to that gallant and experienced orabandoned, but the enemy were in force a ficer, Colonel Gillespie. He had the irilittle beyond it, and about two miles in ad fantry of the advance, and the grenadiers varce of their works at Cornelis. Their of the line with him, and was supported position was strong, and defended by an by Colonel Gibbs, with the 59th regiment abbatis, occupied by 3000 of their best and the 4th battalion of Bengal volunteers. troops and four guns of horse artillery. They were intendied, if possible, to suirColonel Gillespie attacked it with spirit prise the redoubt No. 3. constructed by and judgment, and, after an obstinate re the enemy beyond the Sloken, to endeasistance, carried it at the point of the - vour to cross the bridge over that stream
with the fugitives, and then to assault the During the operations on the right, Coe redoubts within the lines, Colonel Gilles- lonel Gillespie pursued his advantage op pie attacking those to the left, and Colonel the left, carrying the enemy's redoubts toGibbs to the right. Lieutenant-Colonel wards the rear, and being joined by LieuM.Leod, with six companies of the 69th, tenant-Colonel M.Leod, of the 59th, with was directed to follow a path on the bank part of that corps, he directed him to atof the great river, and, when the attack tack the park of artillery, which that of had commenced on the Sloken, to endea. ficer carried in a most masterly manner, vour to possess himself of the enemy's left putting to flight a body of the enemy's caredoubt No. 2. Major Yule, with the valry that formed, and attempted to deflank corps of the reserve, reinforced by fend it. A sharp fire of musketry was two troops of cavalry, four guns of horse now kept up by a strong body of the eneartillery, two companies of the 69th, and my, who had taken post in the lines in the grenadiers of the reserve, was directed front of Fort Cornelis ; but were driven to attack the corps at Campong Maylayo, from them, the fort taken, and the eneon the west of the great river, and endca. my completely dispersed. They were purvour to cross the bridge at that post. sued by Colonel Gillespie, with the 14th
The remainder of the army, under Ma- regiment, a party of sepoys, and the sea. jer-General Wetherall, was at the bat- men from the batteries under Captain teries, where a column, under Colonel Sayer, of the royal navy. By this time Wood, consisting of the 78th regiment, the cavalry and horse artillery had effected and the 5th volunteer battalion, was di- a passage through the lines, the former rected to advance against the enemy in commanded by Major Travers, and the front, and at a favourable moment, when latter by Captain Noble ; and, with the aided by the other attacks, to force his gallant Colonel at their head, the pursuit way, if practicable, and to open the posi- was continued, till the whole of the enetion for the line.
my's army was killed, taken, or dispersed. The enemy was under arms, and pre- Major Yule's attack was equally spirited, pared for the combat, and General Jansens, but after routing the enemy's force at the Commander in Chief, was in the re- Campong Maylayo, and killing many of doubt when it commenced.-Colonel Gil- them, he found the bridge on fire, and was Iespie, after a long detour through a close unable to penetrate further. and intricate country, came on their ad- I have the honour to inclose a return of vance, routed it in an instant, and with a the loss sustained, from our landing on the rapidity never surpassed, under a heavy 4th to the 26th inclusive. Sincerely I fire of grape and musketry, possessed lament its extent, and the many valuable himself of the advanced redoubt No. 3. and able officers that have unfortunately He passed the bridge with the fugitives, fallen; but when the prepared state of the under as tremendous a fire, and assaulted enemy, their numbers, and the strength and carried with the bayonet, the redoubt of their positions are considered, I trust it No. 4. after a most obstinate resistance. will not be deemed heavier than might be
Here the two divisions of the column expected. Their's has greatly exceeded separated. Colonel Gibbs turned to the it. In the action of the 26th, the num. right, and with the 59th in front, and part bers killed were immense, but it has been of the 78th, who had now forced their way impossible to form any accurate statement in front, carried the redoubt No. 1. A tre- of the amount. mendous explosion of the magazine of this About one thousand have been buried in k'ork (whether accidental or designed is the works, multitudes were cut down in not ascertained) took place at the instant of the retreat, the rivers are choaked with its capture, and destroyed a number of dead, and the huts and woods were filled gallant officers and men, who at the mo- with the wounded, who have since expirment were on the ramparts, which the ene- ed. We have taken near 5000 prisoners, my had abandoned. The redoubt No. 2, among whom are three general officers, 34 against which Lieut. Col. M.Leod's attack field officers, 70 cáptains, and 150 subalwas directed, was carried in as gallant a tern officers ; General Jansens made his style ; and I lament to state, that most escape with difficulty, during the action, valiant and experlenced officer fell at the and reached Buitenzorg, a distance of 30 moment of victory. The front of the posi- miles, with a few cavalry, the sole retion was now open, and the troops rushed mains of an army of 10,000 men, This in from every quarter.
place he has since evacuated, and fled to
the Easrad. A detachmens of our troops colonel, 3 captains, 9 lieutenants, 2 ensigns, # in possession of it.
2 staff serjeants, 6 serjeants, 91 rank and The superior discipline and invincible file. Natives 2 jemindars, 2 bavildars, wurage which have so highly distinguished 28 rank and file. the British army, were never more tully Total wounded-Europeans, 3 lieute. displayed, and I have the heartfelt ple- nant-colonels, 2 majors, 14 captains, 36 sure to add, that they have not been cloud. lieutenants, 7 ensigns, 1 staff serjeant, 32 ed by any acts of insubordination.
serjeants, 2 drummers, 513 rank and file. I have the honoar to inclose a copy of Natives subildars or serangs, 4 jeninthe orders I have directed to be issued,
dars, 9 havildars, 1 drumincr, 107 rank thanking the troops in general for their
and file. Strices, and particularising some of the
Total missing-13 rank and fite. officers, who, from their rank or situa
Total horses-14 'killed, 21 wounded, disas, were more fortunate than their equal. 3 missing. li gallant companions, in opportunities of
P. A. AGNEW, Adj.-Gen. distinguisting theinselves, and serving their Sovereign and their country. But I (Next follows letters from Rear-Admimust net omi notieing to your Lordship
ral Stopford, and Commodore Broughton, the very particnlar merit of Colonel Gilles- detailing the particulars of the co-operas pie, to whose assistance in planning the tion of the navy in the reduction of Bata principal attack, and to whose gallantry, via, and the attack upon Fort Cornelis. energy, and judgment in executing it, the A letter from Rear Admiral Stopford, success is greatly to be attributed.
dated Scipion, Batavia Roads, Sept. 4. To the general staff of the army, as well states, that Commodore Broughton sailed a my own staff, I feel myself particular that morning, with the Illustrious, Lion, ly indebted. The professional knowledge, Minden, and Loda, and was directed to zal, and activity of Colonel Eden, Quar- rendezvous off Gressi, until joined by the ter-Master-General, have been essentially transports conveying the sepoy's and ord useful to me; but I cannot express how nance stores, for the attack upon the enemuch I have been benefited by the able my's reinaining possosxions upon the island aitake od kaboriaus exertions of Colo of Java, at Gressi and Sourabaya. Lieut. del Augrieti, the Adjutant-General, un ofi Gen. Sir S. Auchmuty and Admiral Stoppor whose active and meritorious services ford proposed sailing the following day. have frequently ailructed the notice and A letter from Captain Haare, of his Ibceived the thanks of the Government in Majesty's ship Minden, gives an account India.
of two contests between 200 soldiers,royal di is with particular pleasure I assure marines and Bennen, landed from the your Lordslain, that I have receired the Minden, and 500 of the enemy's chosen most cardial support from the Honourable troops, near Bantam, on the coast of Java, Rear-Admiral Stopford and Commodore in both of which the French were entirely Brenghton, during the period of their defeated, with great loss. The loss of the tommanding the aquadron. The former detachment from the Minden was 2.killed was pleased to allow a body of 500 seamen, and 23 wounded. under that valuable officer, Captain Sayer, A letter from Lieut. Edmund Lions, of of the Leka, to assist at our batteries. the Minden, gives an account of his have' Their services were particularly useful, ing, with only 34 seamen, in the launch and I have the satisfaction to assure you, and cutter, stormed the Dutch fort of tisat both the artillery and engineers 'were Marrack, on the coast of Java, mounting actuated by the sank zeul, in performing 64 guns, and garrisoned at the time by their respective duties, that has been so 180 soldiers, and the crews of two boats, tanspicuous in all ranks and departments, disabling the guns in their possession, and though, from the deficienoy of the means every other part of the battery which it
their disposal, their operations were un was practicable to destroy, which was comsvoidably embarrassed with uncommon pleted by dawn of day, when it was judUfficulties.
ged prudent to embark. On reaching the I have the honour to be, &c.
boats, the.launch was bilged, and beat up 8. Auc#MUTY, Lieut.-General. so high with the surf, as to leave no pru
spect of getting her afloat, all the men LIST OF KILLED AND WOUNDED. therefore embarked in the cutter. The Total killed-Europeans, 1 lieutenant. was now rising. and Licui. !.you:
ADJUSTMENT OF THE AFFAIR OF THE CITESA
PEAKE AND THE LEOPARD.
PRESENTATIVES OF THE UNITED STATES.
adds, “ the momentary gratification the that which occurred in the month of lase enemy might have felt, by our leaving the May, between the United States ship PreJaunch, must have vanished, when they sident and his Majesty's ship Little Belt, beheld a small boat bearing away their co when every evidence before his Majesty's. lours, a public and undeniable testimony Government seemed to show that a most. of the few men that attacked them, which evident and wanton outrage had been, amounted to 35, including officers." The committed on a British sloop of war by an Lieutenant particularly notices the gallan- American Commodore. try of Mr W. Langton, midshipman, who A Court of Inquiry, however, as you received a slight wound from a bayonet ; informed me in your letter of the 11th and Mr C. H. Franks, midshipman, a inst. has since been held, by order of the young man of only fifteen years of age, President of the United States, on the. who volunteered to hoist the British flag, conduct of Commodore Rodgers, and this a service he performed most gallantly, un- preliminary to further discussion on the der a heavy fire.-Four men were siightly subject being all that I asked in the first wounded.]
instance, as due to the friendship hetween
the two States, I have now the honour to UNITED STATES.
acquaint you, that I am ready to proceed, in the truest spirit of conciliation, to lay before you the terms of repara
tion which his Royal Highness has coinNew York, Nov. 16.
manded me to propose to the United,
States Government, and only wait to MESSAGE TO THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF RE
know when it will suit your convenience
to enter upon the discussion. I communicate to Congress copies of a
AUG. J. FOSTER. correspondence between the Envoy Extra. The Hon. James Monroe, S. S. ordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary of Great Britain and the Secretary of State, relative to the aggression committed by a British ship of war on the United States
Department of State,. frigate Chesapeake, by which it will be
Oct. 31, 1811. seen, that that subject of difference be
I have just had the honour to receive tween the two countries is terminated by your letter of the 30th of this month. an offer of reparation, which has been ac
I am glad to find that the communicaceded to.
tion which I had the honour to make to Washington, Nov. 13, 1811.
you on the 11th inst. relative to the Conrt MR FOSTER TO MR MONROE.
of Inquiry, which was the subject of it, is Washington, Oct. 30. viewed by you in the favourable light SIR-I had already the honour to men which you have stated. tion to you, that I came to this country Although I regret that the proposition furnished with instructions from his Royal which you now make, in consequence of Highness the Prince Regent, in the name that communication, has been delayed to. and on the behalf of his Majesty, for the the present moment, I am ready to repurpose of proceeding to a final adjust- ceive the terms of it whenever you may. ment of the differences which have arisen think proper to communicate them. Perbetween Great Britain and the United mit me to add, that the pleasure of findStates of America, in the affair of the ing them satisfactory will be duly augChesapeake frigate, and I had also that of mented, if they should be introcluctory to acquaintin: you with the necessity under a removal of all the differences depending which I found myself of suspending the between our two countries, the hope of execution of those instructions, in conse which is so little encouraged by your past quence of my not having perceived that correspondence. A prospect of such a reany steps whatever were taken by the A sult will be embraced, on my part, with merican Government to clear up the cir. a spirit of conciliation, equal to that cumstances of an event which threatened which has been expressed by you. so materially to interrupt the harmony
JAMES Monroe. subsisting between our two countries, as A. J. Foster, Esq.
MR MONROE TO MR FOSTER.