Letters, dated in the same year, we Cairo in Egypt to the Written learn an anecdote, not calculated to Mountains in the Desarts of Sinai, eraze'any unfavourable opinion which in a letter dated from Pisa, Dec. 2, may have been entertained of Mr 1765, was read before the Royal SoMontague: " At Alexandria,” says ciety, March 13, 1766, and published the Abbe," he got acquainted with in their Transactions. In the same the Danish Consul, who had a very learned repository may also be found handsome wife. Under various pre- his “ New Observations on what is tences, he engaged the husband to called Pompey's Pillar in Egypt." go to Holland. Some time after, he He is said also to have published shewed a feigned letter, mentioning (but I know not where) an “ Expli. the Consul's death, and married his cation of the Causes of Earthquakes." wife, whom he now carries with him He had certainly great natural abiliinto Syria. Not long after, the Da- ties, and a great share of acquired nish resident at Constantinople receiv- knowledge. ed from the Texel advice of the In 1766, he was about to return supposed dead Conşul, so that Mon- to the East; and in 1768 it was statague is not safe in any of the Grand ted in the public papers, that he bad Seignior's dominions."

been received with uncommon re. His relation of the journey from spect at Constantinople, after passing

through Salonica, and viewing the

Islands in the Archipelago. of the Israelites through the Wilderness, and had observed that part of the Red Sea

In the beginning of the year 1773 through which they passed. He had visited he was at Rosetta in Egypt * ; which Mount Sinai; and flattered himself he had

be been on the very part of the rock where Moses spake face to face with God Almighty. His beard reached down to his breast, This appears by a series of very curious being of two years and a half growth, and letters addressed to a friend of his, an emni. the dress of his head was Armenian. He nent Physician in London; in the first of was in the most entbusiastic raptures with which, dated Rosetta, Feb. 16, 1773, he Arabia and the Arabs. His bed was the says, “ I am much obliged to you for the ground; his food rice ; his beverage water; compliment that you pay my beard: and to his luxury a pipe and coffee. His purpose my good friend Dr Mackenzie, for having was, to return once more amongst that given you an account of it advantageous virtuous people ; whose morals and hospita- enough to merit the panegyric. I have follity, he said, were such, that, were you to lowed Ulysses and Eneas I have seen al drop your cloak in the highway, you would they are said to have visited, the territories find it six months afterwards, an Arab being of the allies of the Greeks, as well as those too honest a man to pick up what he knows of old Priau, with less ease, though with belongs to another; and, were you to offer more pleasure, than most of our travellers money for the provison you meet with he traverse France and Italy. I have had manya would ask you, with concern, why you had weary step, but never a tiresome hour; and, so mean an opinion of his benevolence, as to however dangerous and disagreeable advensuppose him capable of accepting a gratifi tures I may have had, none could ever de cation? Therefore money, said he, in that ter me from my point; but, on the contra country, is of very little use, as it is only ry, they were only stimuli. I have certain necessary for the purchase of garments, ly many materials, and classical ones too; which in so warm a climate are very few, but I was always a bad workman, and a and of very little value. He distinguishes, sexagenaryone is, of all workmen, the worst, however, betwixt the wild and the civilized _is, perhaps with truth, the fair sex say. Arab; and proposes to publish an account of This is very true; but the Patriarchs anall I have written.” Mr Samuel Sharpe's ly began life at that time of day; and 1 Letters from Italy, Svo, 1766, p. 9. This find that I have a Patriarchal constitution. gentleman was several years surgeon of I live as hardly and as simply as they did. Guy's Hospital ; but had resigned some Enured to hardship, I despise luxury: my tine before his death, which happened only luxury is coffee, and the concomitant March 24,1778.

of claret, crceptis exeipicndis. I staid a com


took place.

he quitted in June, and was at the La At Venice he was visited by Mr zaretto off Leghorn in the same month. Romney, the celebrated Painter; as From that place he went to Venice, we learn by the following extract from where he staid above two years; his elegant Biographer, Mr Hayley : during which time (in April 1774) " After a busy residence of some he meditated a voyage to Mecca and months at Rome, Romney indulged Medina, but this probably never himself with a survey of Venice; and

he chanced to meet there an eccentric

character of his own country, with sisderable time at Epirus and Thessalia :

whose singularities he was highly entheatres on which the fate of the world was tertained. The learned and fanciful the drama. I took exact plans of Actium traveller, Wortley-Montague, after to you, to communicate to the Royal Socie- his

, rambles in Asia, was at this time ty, but there are no ships sailing directly living in Venice with the manners, for Europe. I cannot tell you the pleasure the habit, and the magnificence of a I take in the success of Mr Banks and Dr Turk. Romney painted an admirable Solander: I shall be happy when their dis- head of him in his Eastern garb, and coveries are made public. Good God! how happy must those Gentleman be, in having in such a style of art, as clearly proves been so serviceable to mankind! I have that the Painter had studied intense. lately followed Moses in the Wildernessa ly, and successfully, the celebrated I have since followed the victorious Israel. colourists of the Venetian school: inites, and have visited all their possessions : but, with all these materials, I am idle with deed, his head of Montague might regard to them. What shall I say to you? casily be mistaken for a Venetian picI am now so smitten with a beautiful Ara ture. It was a favourite work of the bian, that she wholly takes up my time Artist ; and he long retained it as a she only is the object of my every attention study for his own use; but, after per-she, though not in blooming youth, has more charms than all the younger beauties. mitting a small print to be taken from I am totally taken up with the study of the it, as a decoration to Seward's AnecArabic language : and, as I daily find fresh dotes, he presented the original to a beauties in it, I become the more eager in friend. He had painted a large copy my pursuit. My fair mistress is not coy: from it; which, with other exquisite she admits my caresses ; but, alas ! in this I find myself a sexagenary lover: I caress portraits by the same master, is rank. her as much and more than I should have ed among the choicest modern ornadone at five-and-twenty, but with less fruit.

ments of that magnificent and interIndeed, I have so far succeeded, that, tho' I read but little prose, I have attached my

esting old mansion, Warwick castle. self to Arabic poetry, which, though extreme

Romney was so captivated with the ly difficult, well pays my pains ; its own

extensive knowledge, the lively spirit, energy and sublimity are not to be paid. I and the fascinating conversation of know not with what to amuse you : there

Wortleyfore I send you an account of our weather at this place since our winter began: Nov. 27, Thermometer, at sun-rise, 67.-4 in the afternoon, 70. &c. &c. &c. I sent our der for me, from your bookseller, “Gram. friend Mr Anderson, the other day, a very matica Arabica dicta Casia, magno et elelarge aspic, which, if I mistake not, is the ganti Charactere ex Typographia Medicæa;' very aspic of the Antients. Pray examine which will much oblige your most obedient it, and put it in the British Museum. Mr and humble servant, Ed. WORTLEY-MonAnderson can shew you my picture, and my TAGU.—Please to continue to receive my Views of Ægypt. Pray assist Mr Anderson Transactions. Direct always at Messrs. in the choice of some medicines that I have Omech and Corrys, Leghorn; and write the deșired him to send me. Pray make my news as much as suits your conveniency. compliments to the goat (Mr Banks's] : she The price of the above book, as well as any has made me a bad man ; that is, an envi- other in the Oriental languages, which may ous one ; for I envy her having been three have been published within these ten years, times round the Globe. I beg you will op

Messrs. Coutts will pay you." Nov. 1812.

Wortley-Montague, and that extra- of the Mahometan religion than any ordinary traveller was so pleased with other ; but that he doubted greatly the manual and mental energy of the of all, and had not for many years Artist, that it is probable their ac- professed himself a Christian of any quaintance might have led to the pro- denomination *. duction of many pictures, had not their brief intimacy ended by a fatal • “ From the Protestant religion Mr mischance, which terminated all the Montague,” says Count Lamberg, who saw projects of Montague. While Rom- him at Venice,“ went over to the faith of

Rome, and from thence deserted to the most ney was with him, he happened, in rigorous observation and profession of Maeating a small bird, to wound his hometanism. He used always to seal his throat with a bone : the accident pro- letters with three Arabian signets, which duced inflammation; and in the course

had sentences of the Koran engraven co

them. He rises before the sun, says his of a few days occasioned his death.

prayers, and performs his ablutions and Such was the fate of this singular man, lazzis according to the Mahometan ritual

. who had escaped from the manifold An hour after, he awakes his pupil, a filthy perils of roving through the deserts emigrant of the parehed Abyssinia, whom of the East."

he brought with him from Rosetta (in Egypt.) Of the accident which occasioned

He instructs this dirty Negro with all the

care and precision of a philosopher, both by the death of this extraordinary per- precept and example: he lays before him son, there can be little doubt; but the strongest proofs (as they appear to him) there appears to be some error in the of the religion he teaches him, and he cate circumstance of Mr Romney's being Moor listen to him with the most striking

chizes him in the Arabian language. The present at the accident, as Mr Mon- marks of a profound and respectful attention tague survived it a considerable time, all the time that is employed in these les Mr Romney, after passing some

That he may not omit any particu. țime at Parma, and making a circui. lar, in the most rigorous observance of the tous route through Turin, Lyons, and low table, sitting cross-legged on a soli,

Mahometan rites, Mr Montague dines at a Paris, reached London in the begin, while the Moor, on cúshion still lova, ning of June 1775. Mr Montague's sits gaping with avidity for his master's will was dated in that year, Nov. 28. leavings. It is this Negro who supports and he lived till the 29th of April, Turkish garb of his master, who is always

the white mantle that makes a part of the 1776.

preceded, even at noon-day, by two gondoMrs Piozzi, in her “ Observations liers with lighted torches in their handsin a Journey through Italy,” (vol. I. The ordinary place of his residence is at p. 161.) speaking of Mr Montague's Rosetta, where his wife lives, who is the mother, says, .“ Surely she had then daughter of an inn-keeper at Leghorn, and

whom he has forced to embrace the Ma. present to her warm imagination a hometan religion. His income amounts to favourite Cassino in the Piazza St about 6000 piastres, which are remitted to Marco. That her learned and highly. him from London by his sister lady Bute,

and 4000 from the Sublime Porte. During accomplished son imbibed her taste

the most intense cold, he performs his reand talents for sensual delights, has ligious ablutions in cold water, rubbing, at been long known in England : it is the same time, his body with sand from the not so, perhaps, that there is a shewy thighs to the feet: bis Negro also pours monument erected to his memory at fresh water on his head, and combs his

beard ; and he also pours cold water on the Padua, setting forth his variety and

head of his Negro. To finish this religious compass of knowledge in a long La ceremony, he resumes his pipe, turns to tin inscription. The good old monk wards the East, mutters some prayers, who shewed it me seemed generously walks afterwards for half an hour, and and reasonably shocked, that such a

drinks his coffee. O miseræ hominum me

tes !_Translated from “ Memorial d'un man should at last expire with some- Mondain, par Count Maximilian de Larswhat more firm persuasions of the truth.berg."



year 1803.

Account of Improvements carried on in cording to the distance of conveyance; the County of CaITHNESS in the whereas, by this system, the expense

does not exceed from 21. to 31. per From Henderson's View of the Agriculture acre ; and the first crop of oats alone of Caithness.

will pay the whole expense of the im

provement, including the inclosure. Improvements of Wastes.

Commons.-An extensive common THIS most important object was having been divided not far from the

carried on to a considerable ex town of Thurso, a considerable part tent, during the year 1803; prepar- of which, though rather elevated in ations having been made for that pur- point of situation, yet was capable of pose previous to the war breaking cultivation ; one of the proprietors, out. The dryness of the summer was

whose share amounted' to above 2000 favourable to burning, a species of English acres, was anxious to try improvement of important considera- what could be effected for the im. tion. On the whole, in the course provement of so valuable a tract. The of the last season, probably above a


was, in the first place, divided thousand acres might be put in a pro- in 50 lots, varying, in extent, from gressive state of cultivation, of which 12 to 20 acres, and upwards, accordabout 430 were in the hands of one ing to circumstances, and the diviproprietor.

sions marked by the plough, which The best system of improving com was itself a troublesome business. mons, that have a good depth of soil, Three modes of improvement were with a rough surface, and that is ca then adopted. 1. Some lots the propable of being burnt, is now pretty prietor himself undertook to improve, well ascertained, in so far as regards by paring and burning, in the manner this Northern District. The land already described, in order to provide should be ploughed in the winter settlements for some small tenants, months, cross-ploughed in the Spring to be removed in the neighbourhood. (that the clods may not be crumbled 2. Some lots were let to new improto pieces by the winter frusts,) and vers, who became bound to cultivate burnt in summer; the ashes then them at their own risk and expense ; spread, and ploughed in"; and early and, 3. A number of other lots were next year, after being well harrowed, annexed to the neighbouring farms, should be sown with oats and grass- under the obligation of improvement, seeds. In a better climate, the Where this plan is practicable, it is burning may take place carlier, and certainly an excellent mode

of improoats or bear may be sown the first ving commons, as a farmer has many year; and where sheep are abundant, advantages, which it is unnecessary a crop of turnips may be taken, but, here to point out, for bringing in, at on the whole, the plan above men a cheap rate, the waste lands in his tioned is the best that has hitherto vicinity. One spirited improver (Mr been attempted in this district ; tho' George Miller, of Whitefield, near slow, yet, being done gradually, re- Thurso) deserves to be particularly quires few cattle and servants, and is commemorated upon this occasion. sure of success. There is no other Observing the success of the new mode by which many thousand acres modes of improving wastelands, of waste land in this county could which had been introduced into the possibly be brought in, with nearly county, he offered a rent of 401. per the same advantage. To give such annum, for about 200 Scotch acres, land a sufficient dose of lime, would in that part of the common which haprequire from 5l. to 10l per acre, ac. pened to be in his neighbourhood,


The lease is rather long, namely, for more profitable results ; a tract of 31 years; but it was desirable to en- country having been thus raised from courage an active and judicious im- a rent under 200l., to above 1200! prover, who began ploughing his new per annum. farm almost before the ink was dry It is earnestly requested, that Highupon his lease ; and though the land land Proprietors, more especially those was intrinsically valuable, yet this with moderate incomes, will make was the first instance, in that part of themselves masters of a plan, which the kingdom, of drawing such a rent experience has thus sanctioned; and from a tract of land that formerly by which, at a moderate expense, had yielded nothing.

they will not only render themselves Sheep Farming.-It was generally and their families opulent, but will believed that Caithness was but ill likewise greatly promote the industry, adapted for a sheep stock; and when and increase the wealth of their counnot only sheep were introduced into try. the Highland parts of the county, Cattle.The introduction of the but also so superior a breed as the best breeds of cattle into a district, Cheviot, it was foretold, both in the according to the various purposes for southern and in the northern parts of which they are destined, is a most imScotland, i hat the plan could never portant mean of improvement, which answer, and that it would necessarily cannot be too anxiously attended to. be attended with considerable loss. Several experiments, with that view, The attempt, however, has been most have been tried in Caithness, in the succesfully carried on for several course of this season : among the rest, years ; and, with a view of ascertain- Colonel Williamson has introduced ing the practical effects of the experi. the Argyll breed, which there is ere. ment, the grazings that were put un. ry reason to hope will answer. Mr der sheep were advertised to be let. Paterson has brought some axen from The commencement of a war is cer- Aberdeenshire for ploughing, and tainly an unfavourable time for let. some cows from Buchan have been ting land, more especially at such a sent north, of a sort, considering their distance from the metropolis; but the size, famous for the quantity of milk success of the sheep system, in those they produce. It is proposed to com parts, was so uncontrovertibly estab- pare this breed with the Ayrshire lished, that some of these grazings, cows, so celebrated for the Dairy

, which ten years ago had only paid some of which have been brought by 877. 165. a year, were let at 6001. per Mr Dunlop to the neighbouring diannum ; and, in the opinion of intel. strict of Strathnaver. ligent men, were worth 100l. more. Improvements by small Tenants.It was thought adviseable, however, It is certainly desirable, to preserve, to give peculiar encouragement to the as much as is consistent with the imfirst farmer (Mr James Anderson,) provement of a district, its old inhawho resolved to carry on a new sys- bitants, who are attached to it by tem, on so extensive a scale, in so re- many ties, and who might not for mote a district ; more especially, as some time feel themselves equally he was likely to do ample justice to comfortable in other situations. It is the plan. A higher rent will be ob- difficult, however, to adhere to this tained for the other grazings still to principle, where the tenants are poor be let in the same neighbourhood ; in circumstances, have little skill in and, on the whole, there is reason to Agriculture, and have not even cattle believe that no agricultural improve- or instruments of husbandry calculament has hitherto been made, with ted for carrying on any proper system


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