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of cultivation. A plan, however, has tablishing a fishing settlement on the been fallen upon, which tends in feu it has obtained from Sir Benjasome measure to obviate these objec- min Dunbar in the neighbourhood of tions. Some small tenants have been Wick. prevailed upon to enter into an agree
Roads and Harbours.--The attenment with a considerable farmer in tion that has lately been paid to the their neighbourhood, by which he en- improvement of the northern parts of gages to plough for them, the waste Scotland, must do infinite credit to land attached to their farms, at the the Legislature of this country, if the rate of fifteen shillings per Scotch measures they have chalked out are acre, the price not to be exacted until prosecuted with proper zeal and ena twelvemonth after the work is exe- ergy.
A foundation has thus been cuted, when they will be enabled to laid for a new system, not of foreign, pay the expenses from the crops they but of domestic colonization, which raise. The plan has been so much will be found infinitely preferable to approved of, that the small tenants in the cultivation of distant settlements, che district have had about 50 acres By the acts which were passed, cerof waste land ploughed for them on tain sums were granted for carrying this system, in the course of this sea- on the Caledonian Canal, and for son. Their own miserable cattle, and making roads, and building bridges, instruments of husbandry, could ne
in the northern counties, under the ver have broken up such a soil, but direction of Commissioners appointed when once it is properly ploughed, to oversee the expenditure of the mothey are able to manage it tolerably ney, but they were enacted too late weil by their own exertions; and in in the season, to expect that much process of time they will probably could be done in carrying on such great become more opulent, and abler to undertakings, in the course of the predo justice to their farms.
consequence, however, Towns and Villages. The increase of the correspondence that has been of towns and villages is one of the established between the Commissionsurest signs of the prosperity of a coun- ers and the Gentlemen of Caithness, try; and in this important particular, there is reason to hope, that consider the county of Caithness is not deficient. able progress will be made in the Several houses have been built this sea- course of the ensuing season. son in the new town of Thurso: The not be doubted, if this district were village of Castleton, erected by Mr made accessible, and proper roads of Trail, goes on prosperously; and it is communication carried through it, impossible to pass through that thriv- that it would soon rival more southern ing place, without feeling much satis- districts in various descriptions of imfaction at the industry that seems to provement. prevail there, and the contented looks, It is proper here to add, that a and comfortable circumstances, of the thousand pounds have been granted, inhabitants. A new village, called from the public funds of Scotland, Brodie's Town, from the name of its for erecting a harbour at Wick; and spirited founder, is rising on the eas- there is every reason to hope, that tern coast of the county, in a situa- that important undertaking will be tion admirably calculated for the her- carried on with proper spirit in the ring-fishing. Some progress is mak- course of next year. As Wick is the ing in the erection of a village at true centre of the deep-sea herring Halkirk ; and it is expected next fishery, the erection of a harbour there year, that the British Fishing Society is perhaps one of the most important . will make some exertions towards es objects to which the public attention
could be directed, or in which the nes of Sandside, which it is hoped public money could be employed. will be a source of great improvement
Miscellancous Articles.-1. The to all that neighbourhood. establishment of a woollen manufacture, at the new village of Halkirk, has taken place this year. The machinery has been already erected, and Receipts for making CURRANT-WINE. from the prices which Mr Walker, From Memoirs of the Caledonian Horticz'. the manufacturer, has demanded, the
tural Society. Farmers in the neighbourhood are satisfied, that they cannot manufac AMONG other prizes announced
by the Caledonian Horticultural ture their wool so cheap, by their own Society, for the years 1810 and 1811, servants, as by him'; whilst, at the honorary premiums were proposed for same time, it' is done by his machine. the best currant-wines; and it was rery in a manner greatly superior. quired, that each competitor should
2. This year also, a post-chaise send an account of the method emi. and a pair of horses have been set up played in preparing the wine. In by Mr Ryrie, innkeeper at Thurso, consequence of this proposal, medals which is likely to answer. It is sin
were awarded to several different Lagular, though there had been some at- dies, as will be seen from the list of tempts to keep post-chaises at Inver- prizes published in the 1st Number ness, yet that they were all given up of these Memoirs, p. 24; and the folin the year 1773. Mr Ettles set lowing are the receipts which were one up in 1775, which was then the given in with the three wines which only one so far north. There are now seven kept in Inverness alone, of these two years.
were adjudged to be the best in each one or two at Tain, and one at Kessock. It is proposed to have, next year,
September 1810. a Diligence on the Highland road No. 1.-" To every English pint from Perth to Inverness and it is to of the juice of fully ripe white curbe hoped that, in due time, the plan rants, were added two English pints will be extended to Caithness. Tlie of cold water, and one pound of raw advantages of liaving such modes of sugar. conveyance, from one end of the ** The fermentation was promoted kingdom to the other, are inestima- by gentle agitation every day for ble.
eight or ten days. But no article 3. Mr John Reid, of Heathfield, was added to promote fermentation. near Thurso, laid down a small field “ When it appeared from the taste, of bear, which he could not get sown
that the liquor had obtained the pare till the 24th of June last : it was cut vinous state, without either great down on the 24th October, and pro- sweetness on the one hand, or any duced upwards of ten returns of good obvious acidity on the other, which merchantable grain. It would proba- state was acquired in about the space bly have produced two or three seeds of a month, the further progress of more, had it been sown earlier; but fermentation was checked by the ad. this experiment tends to prove, that dition of a small quantity of pure ar. in vry unfavourable seasons, a crop dent spirit. One bottle of good whisof bear may be laid down much later ky, free from any peculiar favour, than is commonly imagined, and with was added to 20 gallons of the wine. the prospect of a handsome return. “ After this, the cask was bunged
4. A limework is intended to be up, and allowed to remain at rest for carried on, on the estate of Major In- six months. The pure wine was then
racked off from the sediment, into day will do better than every second another cask, in which it was allowed day. When the fermentation is over, to remain twelve months before it was bung it up close, and paste brown bottled.
paper over the bung. Put leather be“ The wine now sent to the Cale- tween the bung and the barrel, to donian Horticultural Society, marked keep it very close. Bottle it nine Vins pellite curas, was prepared in months afterwards." autumn 1805, so that it is at present
September 1811. five years old.
No. 1.- The first prize was ad. No. 2.-The wine to which the judged to wine marked The true Fasecond prize was awarded, was mark. lernian, with which the following reed On n'est jamais trop vieux pour ap- ceipt was transmitted : prendre. The following was the re - This currant-wine was made in ceipt which accompanied it :
the year 1805, in the proportion of « One Scotch pint of currant juice ; one English pint of currant-juice to one Scotch pint and a half of water; two of water, with one pound of sugar; three pounds of sugar; half lump but with the Dutch red currant, sugar, and half soft sugar.
which the makers of it consider as a " Mix them together in a tub, great improvement, from the effect then fill your barrel. What is over,
which that kind of currant has, both keep for filling up, as it works over ; on the colour and taste of the wine; but it is better not to fill up more and on that account it ought certainthan twice. When done working, ly to be more cultivated. add one Scotch pint of aquavitæ or “ Wine made of the Dutch red brandy, to twenty pints of the fer- currant does not require any spirits ; mented liquor.
and will keep as well as any foreign “ The wine sent, is flavoured with a wine." small quantity ofclary wine, the growth No. 2. Was marked Veritas, and and manufacture of Drumsheugh." according to the sealed letter which No. 3.-With the wine marked accompanied it, the fruit, sugar, and Beatus ille qui procul negotiis,
water, were as under:
" To every Scotch pint of juice, a Horna dulci vino promens dolio,
pint and a half of water; and to every Dapes inemptas apparet.
pint of the mixture, a pound and a the following receipt was sent :
half of sugar." “ Squeeze the currants, when fully
No. 3.-Was marked Noble deeds ripe, through a hair-searce. To every are done by wine. According to the Scotch pint of juice add two of cold receipt sent, it was prepared in the folwater ; and to every Scotch pint of li- lowing proportions. quid so mixed, a pound and a half of " One English pint white-currant raw sugar. Dissolve the sugar tho- juice; one English pint water; and roughly in some of the water before it one pound of raw sugar. be put into the barrel. It will begin “'At the end of ten days, the ferto work in twenty-four hours. Fill it mentation was moderated by the adup every second day with sugar and dition of a little malt spirit.” water made very sweet, (about one
September 1812. pound of sugar to a Scotch chopin of For the year 1812, a prize-medal water,) first taking off all the scum was offered for the best home-made
wine without the use of any imported “ If the weather happen to be very material excepting sugar. hot, and if the fermentation go on Thirty-two different kinds were very briskly, filling up every third presented to the Society, many of
with a spoon.
which were excellent. But the jud- burgh, which for many generations ges gave the preference to a wine has been among the most celebrated marked
of the British Empire for Learning, Ce vin d'Ecosse
and the eminent Scholars it has proMerite quelque chose ;
duced. From the High School, it is which was found to have been prepar- presumed, Mr Elphinston went to ed according to the following receipt: the College of Edinburgh, as he men
" For a twenty pint cask, five one- tions in one of his letters, a recollec. half pints of white-currant juice, ele- tion from college ; where, or soon afven pints of water, and twenty-eight ter he left it, he became the tutor of pounds of sugar are required. Mix Lord Blantyre. He took a pleasure all in a large tub; skim the liquor in boasting of being a tutor when he well; put it in a barrel, and fill up the was scarcely seventeen years old.barrel with water and sugar (one About the time he came of age he pound of sugar to a pint of water,) as was introduced to the celebrated His. long as the liquor ferments; afterwards torian Carte; whom he accompanied add half a bottle of whisky; then in a tour through Holland and Bra. bung up the barrel. The wine will bant, and to Paris, where he remainbe ready for bottling by April or ed some time an inmate in the house May."
of his fellow-traveller and friend, received great civilities, and perfected his knowledge and practice of the
French language, in which he not Biographical Account of JAMES EL. only conversed, but wrote both in PHINSTON.
prose and verse with the facility and
elegance of the most accomplished From Nichols's Literary Anecdotes.
natives. On the death of Mr Carte, JAMES ELPHINSTON was born at ten years after, Mr Elphinston men
Edinburgh. Dec. 6, 1721. He tioned him in the following manner was the son of the Rev. William El to a friend : ' You will, I am sure, phinston; his mother's maiden name condole with me on the loss of my was Honeyman ; she was the daugh- valuable friend Mr Carte. He was ter of the Minister of Kinef, and the in London some weeks ago, prepaniece of Dr Honeyman, bishop of ring for the publication of his fourth Orkney. By the marriage of his volume. He was most cordial good sister with the late William Strachan, company. But he breathed no less Esq. the King's Printer, he was uncle benefit to the public than to his to the Rev. Dr George Strachan, vi- friends. He told me, that, aftes fincar of Islington, rector of Cranham, ishing his history, when he could play and prebendary of Rochester; to the with his time, as he phrased it, be present Andrew Strachan, Esq. M.P. meant to animadvert upon Lord Bowho succeeded his father as his Ma- lingbroke. Tho' this last must fall jesty's Printer ; to the late Mrs Spot- by bis own inconsistence, what has tis woode, the wife of the late John England not lost in her Historian! Spottiswoode, Esq. of Spottiswoode and how light to me, in comparison, in Scotland; and to the late Mrs John
was a group of deaths, that crowded ston, the wife of the late Andrew upon us in one morning, which seJohnston, Esq. father of the present parately might each have claimed a Gen. Johnston, and of the Lady of tear, but which were all swallowed Sir Andrew Monro, bart.
up in Mr Carte's! - On Mr ElpbinMr ·Elphinston received his edu- ston's leaving France, he immediatecation at the High School of Edin. ly repaired to his native country:
His worldly circumstances, fortunate when Johnson lost his wife, and again ly for many, were such as rendered it in 1759, on the death of his mother ; necessary for him to employ his talents nor was it paid in coin less sterling. and attainments with a view to his In 1751 he married Miss Gordon, the support; and soon after his return to daughter of a brother of General GorScotland, he became an inmate in the don, of Auchintoul, and grand-daughfamily of James Moray, Esq. of A. ter of Lord Auckintoul, one of the bercairy in Perthshire, to whose el- Senators of the College of Justice bedest son he was tutor, and who, it ap- fore the Revolution of 1688. About pears from a letter of his mother's, two years after his marriage Mr Elhad become his patron at that early phinston left Scotland, and fixed his period of his life. The manner in abode near the Metropolis of Engwhich she mentions it gives a plea- land, first at Brompton, and after. sing idea of patronage : I heartilywards at Kensington; where for many bless God for your safety and wel. years he kept a school in a large and fare, and that you enjoy the good elegant house opposite to the King's company of your patron, which I gardens, and which at that time stood know you so much wished and longed the first in entering Kensington. This for.' The patronage that excites noble mansion has since not only been such longing is truly delightful and hid by new houses, some of which noble; it at once stamps a character stand upon the old play-ground, but of worth on the protected, and of good defaced by the blocking-up of the sense and amiable feelings on the pro- handsome bow windows belonging to tector. How long Mr Elphinston the once elegant ball-room at the top remained at Abercairny is uncertain; of the Eastern division of the house. but in the year 1750 he appears tak. On that site of learning Mr Eling an active part at Edinburgh in phinston not only infused knowledge, the circulation of Dr Johnson's “ Ram- taste, and virtue, into the minds and blers,” the numbers of which, with hearts of his pupils, but seized every the Author's concurrence, he re-pub- opportunity of sacrificing to the Mulished in Scotland, with a translation ses himself, and of extending instrucof many of the mottos by himself.- tion and service to the largest circle. Johnson was highly gratified with the of the world. In the year 1753 he successful zeal of his friend, and tran- made a poetical version of the youngscribed himself the mottoes for the er Racine's Poem of Religion,' which, numbers of the English edition when at the suggestion of Richardson, the published in volumes, affixing the amiable author of Clarissa,' &c. he name of the translator, which has sent to the author of the • Night been continued in every subsequent Thoughts,' whose applause it received, edition. In the year 1750, Mr El- both for the utility of the Work and phinston, while residing at Edinburgh, the spirit of the Translation Findlost his mother, of whose death he ing no English Grammar of which he gave a very affecting account in a let- could approve, he about this time ter to his sister, Mrs Strahan, then composed one himself for the use of living in London. This being shewn his pupils, which he afterwards pubto Johnson, brought tears to his eyes, lished in two duodecimo volumes. In and produced from his pen one of the 1763 he published his Poem intituled most beautiful letters of condolence • Education. It is a complete plan ever written. It was published a of Reason detailed in spirited verse.mong his Works. This debt Mr El. It was impossible for a man like Mr phinston had a melancholy opportuni- Elphinston to live at Kensington ty of repaying, about two years after, without adding to the number of his Nov. 1812.