paid by them as Conveners, to these Meeting with the Society's Commitcompetitions. The Meeting remit- tee, when a set of suggestions, as ted the Essays for which premiums to the proper mode of proceedings had been voted last year to their drawn up by that Committee, was Committee on publications, in or- submitted to consideration. A Ge. der that they may be published with neral Committee was then named for previous approved papers in a 4th prosecuting the object of an Evolume of the Society's transac- qualization of Weights and Meations.

sures, which had since communicatMr Macdonald the Treasurer, ed with the Chambers of Comnow stated to the Society the situa. merce of Edinburgh and Glasgow, tion of its Funds, its Income, and and Merchant Company of Leith, Expenditure last year, an accurate and received the sentiments of these state of which had been prepared Commercial Bodies. That as there by Mr Wilson, the Society's Audi- were various points connected with tor of Accounts. The 'Meeting the subject, which required inveswas gratified to find, from the im- tigation, these had been referred proved state of their funds, that to several Sub-Committees, and Prothey were enabled gradually to in- fessor Playfair, of Edinburgh, had crease the sum allowed annually for handsomely agreed to give his aid promoting the objects of the insti- as to the best mode of constructing tution by Premiums, and which was and checking the standards. That voted accordingly. The Meeting when these Sub-Committees had at same time expressed their accompleted their inquiries, it was proknowledgments to Mr Wilson, the posed to make up one General ReAuditor, for the perspicuous and port, which if ready, it would be correct view of the Society's Funds proper to circulate to the Counties, brought forward by him, on the previous to 30th of April, and to table.

other Public Bodies who have an Mr Tait, Convener of the Commit- interest in this matter. tee, appointed for carrying through The Meeting unanimously apan Equalization and Uniformity of proved of the steps hitherto taken Weights and Measures in Scotland, in the business, and recommended stated, that in consequence of the to the Committee to continue their resolution of the General Meeting exertions, until the desirable object in July last, the original report of of an Equalization of Weights and the Committee then approved, had Measures shall be carried into efbeen transmitted to all the Coun- fect; and authorised the Committee, ties in Scotland ; and communica- when the report is ready, to circuted to the Convention of Royal late it to the Counties and Public Burghs ; that almost the whole of Bodies for Consideration. the Counties had already approved The Society, on considering the of the Society's, having taken up report of a Committee, upon the this important object, and in order merits of an enlarged Treatise on to co-operate with the Society, had the origin, qualities, and cultivarequested landed gentlemen of tion of Moss Earth, with directions their number to attend to its pro- for converting it into Manure, regress at Edinburgh. That in No. cently published by Mr William vember last, these Gentlemen from Aiton, Strathaven, Ayrshire, dedithe several Counties, and some cated by permission to the Society, Members of Royal Burghs, had a voted a sum of Thirty Guineas to


Mr Aiton, for a few copies of the ally, rays, or, as it were, plumes, of work ; and resolved to recommend ignited matter, have been seen to it to the attention of Members of issue from the lower extremities of this Society and the Public, as the faces or flakes, and again unite. containing much useful and prac- Professor Harding has also observtical information.

ed and delineated, with care, the, (To be continued.)

present comet under its various aspects, and his design will appear

in one of the succeeding numbers Memoirs of the Progress of Manu- of the “ Geographical and Astrono

factures, Chemistry, Science, and mical Correspondence,” edited at the Fine Arts.

the Observatory of Gotha. They

will shew that, when the comet first THE Comet which has been vi- appeared, and was yet at a distance T sible this year, is (says the from the sun, the two fakes of its Moniteur) one of the most remar- train were separated so as to form a kable which has ever been observed. right angle; but, as that distance None has ever been so long visible, decreased, they approached each and, consequently, none has ever other till they became parallel. As afforded such certain means of in- to the nucleus, or the comet itself, formation with respect to its orbit. it has been found impossible, as yet, Accordingly, since the end of March even with the aid of the best teleslast, when it was first perceived by copes, to make observations on its M. Flauguergues, in the South of disk, as on that of a solid body and France, its course has been regu- of determinate circumference. There larly traced ; nor shall we lose sight could be discerned only a vague of it till the month of January 1812. circular mass, more luminous than Its train, which occupies a space of the train, particularly towards the 12 degreos, exhibits several curious centre ; but the verge of which was phenomena. It is not immediately doubtful, furnishing, to the eye, no connected with the comet, as if it determined circumference. The were an emanation from it, but mass is, without doubt, composed forms, at a distance from the nuc- of a very subtile substance, as is, keus, a wide belt, the lower part of probably, that of all comets. This which girds, without coming in con- hypothesis receives support from tract with it, much in the same the fact, that one of these stars, of inanner as the ring of Saturn; and very considerable magnitude, in this belt extends itself in two long 1770, passed and re-passed through luminous faces, one of which is the very middle of the satellites of lisually rectilineal, while the other, Jupiter, without occasioning among at about the third of its length; them the slightest disorder. There shoots forth its rays with a slight is every reason to believe, that the curve like the branch of a palm- nucleus of the present comet is notree; nevertheless, this configura- thing more than a union of vapours tion is subject to change. It has of very little density, so little perbeen observed that the space be- haps as to be transparent. Sach a tween the body of the comet and body might, very possibly, be an its.train is occasionally filled, and of incipident world, just passed its gasethe two faces, that which is general- ous state, and which is to derive ly rectilineal sometimes arches its solidity from the precipitation and rays, while those of the other as- condensation of the mattersurroundsume the form of right lines. Fin- ing it. The successive observation

of History,

of some comets, in which it may be so numerous as when severe snow possible to distinguish the different storms take place. štages of chaos, and progressive A Water Rail, (Rallus aquaticus), formation, can alone furnish any, which is a rare bird here, was lately knowledge with respect to this point. shot in a moist meadow at Comely According to M. Starck, an astron. Bank, near Edinburgh, and sent to oner at Augsburgh, the comet was, Mr Wilson, College. This active October 16, at the distance of 32 collector, and excellent preserver millions of geographical miles (15 to of birds and quadrupeds, lately re

degree from the earth: this is ceived, from Inverness, a capital the nearest approach of these two specimen of the true Wild Cat with celestial bodies. The tail of the a strong brindled fur, 'which inhacomet was 800,000 miles in length, bits most of the natural forests of and the diameter of the nucleus Scotland. Its length, from the point about 860 miles.

of the nose to the tip of the tail, On the road from Chaumont to was 3 feet 9 inches ; from the nose Paris, a new carriage is set up to the root of the tail, 2 feet 4. which is moved and directed by inches; the girth of the thickest mechanism, and acts at the pleasure part of the body, was 1 foot 8 of the traveller.

inches; the height of the animal, 1 foot 3 inches. It weighed 11 lbs.

English. It was a male. Some Monthly Memorànda in Natural

have been killed in our remote woods, which weighed several

pounds more, and measured fully Jan. 1812 URING the first

five feet from the tip of the nose to part of the month,

the end of the tail. ' The Wild Cat, a pretty intense frost prevailed, and

when of this size, is by far the most the lovers of skaiting and curling, formidable beast of prey which nois enjoyed these pastimes, on the lakes inhabits Scotland.

N. of Duddingston and Lochend, for a

Canonmills, boat a fortnight. The mercury in the

7 thermometer, however, was never

25th Jan. 1812. $ observed to fall lower than 8 or 9 degrees below the freezing point. Varieties, Literary and MisceOn the 14th a thaw cornmenced,

luneous. which continued for about a week. The christmas rose immediately

Character of Women. shewed its flowers; and, owing chief, TT is fashionable with many writers, ly to the mild weather which had I to declaim against the female preceded the frost, the buds of sex; a practice I by no means aphobeysuckle, horse-chesnut, and prove. But I do not recollect, in some other trees and shrubs, began the most infuriate satirist, to have prematurely to expand. This thaw met with a more unfavourable rewas again succeeded by frost and presentation, than is contained ile slight snow-showers.

& grave philosophical work, puisSmall flocks of Fieldfures have lished about the middle of the seoccasionally been observed ; but venteenth century. It is entitler, these winter visitants of our neigh- • Speculum naturæ humanæ, ab bourhood have not this season been Hermanno Follino. Colonæ Agrip


pinæ 1649.' The title of the chap.

Singular mode of Painting ter is · Woman is more wicked than man.' He then enters upon a sys.

A Danish artist, named Cornelius tematical proof of this proposition. Ketel, invented the singular prac. The following translation will be tice of painting with the hand alone. found to contain the essence of this After having used the pencil for polite and interesting discussion. twenty years, like the rest of his pro

“ In proof of the foresaid propo- fession, he quitted that instrument, sition, I could produce many im- and used his fingers. That he portant reasons, did I not think that might have no witness of his first the female sex would be offended essays in this style, he began with with me, whose friendship and be- his own portrait, and succeeded. nevolence I wish to'gain, rather Not satisfied with this display of adthan their resentment. I prefer, dress, he proceeded to paint with therefore, a profound silence upon the fingers of his left hand, and at this subject. "The philosopher, how- last with his two thumbs. Upon ever, proves the truth of this theo- this subject, Descamps well re. rem by experience; and the follow- marks : We can paint better with ing demonstration may perhaps be the pencil, than with the feet or the satisfactory. Reason does not rule hands; why then abandon a prac the appetite of women equally with tice more secure and easy. The that of men, wherefore they are aim of an artist is to do the best more easily overcome, and impelled possible; he ought therefore to preto the passions of the mind than fer the method of doing well with males. They are therefore more ease, to that of doing ill with diffiactive in contriving crimes; yet culty.' through the deficiency of strength, they can less accomplish those mischiefs which they meditate. Con- malibus, and ex relatione Pastorum, tun scious therefore, of weakness, they etiam Venatorum. Sed hæc non satis sunt dissemble the venom, which they in universum.

ad probandum id quod scripsit de fæminís

Neque in particulari. hold in their mind ; lamenting they Eorum forsan poterit hæc esse demonstralay their snares, and often shed tió. Ratio non aquæ dominatur mulierum tears of grief, because they cannot appetitui arque hominum, quare facilius cruelly execute what they have vincuntur & feruntur ad passiones animi wickedly planned.”

quam masculi, sunt ergo facinorum magis The author then observes, that excogitatrices & peculantiores, quod mi

nus rationis fræno cohibeantur, defectu ta. he could say much more, but that men roboris & virium minus exequuntur he cannot think of entirely forfeit ea, quæ meditantur mala : Conscia itaque ing the favour of the female sex, * debilitatis dissimuant venenum, quod ani.

mu continent, & insidias instruunt dumn * Quantum ad probationem hujus præ

plorant, lachrymasque aliquando fundunt fatæ propositionis attinet, multa rationum præ mærore, quem concipiunt, ex eo quod inoinenta in medium afferre potuissem, exequi non possint crudelitur, quæ flagi

tiose decreuerunt. nisi sexum fæmineum mihi offensum fore

Plura non dicam, ni crabrones in me arbitrarer, cujus potius amicitiam & benevolentiam exopto,.quam offensam, al

irritari velim, mulierumque omni favore tum ergo malo hac de re sileirtiun. Phi.

destitui, quarum naturam at crasin Arislosophus tamen hoc theorema probat ex

totel sequentibus rationibus nobis aperuit. perientia, ex his quæ educantur domi ani.


Observations on Life and Manners. and must either, with the help of From the Italian.

God, reach the bank, or be drowned. (Continued from last vol. p. 891.) If cxperienced men call to him from Friendship.

the shore: “Ho! where are you goWHERE is not a word in the vo- ing? Do not do this ;” he esteems

cabulary, which slips more from them pedants, who interfere idly in the tongue than friendship; every his concerns; all that they may one says the whole day : “ I am à say goes for nothing. At length, good friend — few possess such he himself having grown old, goes friends as I do—such a man is truly to the shore to cry to others, where my friend;" oh! what a warmth of he is listened to in the same manner friendship he has in his heart ; so that he had listened to those bethat to hear the sweetness and the fore him; so that it may be said, that ardour with which friendly profes- the world is composed of two sorts of sions issue from his mouth, one people, one of whorn are constantly would imagine, that friends drop- straining their lungs to bawl out inped down on all sides. In other struction to the rest; while the quarters, one hears continual la. others turn a deaf ear, and let them mentations. This man coinplains cry on. of having been deserted by one whom he had believed to be ano

Inconstancy. ther self, the next of having been Why are you not to day, what betrayed by another to whom he you were yesterday, and why will had given his whole heart; nothing you not be to-morrow, what you is heard but, “alas the race of good are to day? Thus might we address friends is over ; now they are no certain men, whose humour varies longer to be found. The naine in- from hour to hour, or rather from deed remains, but the substance is minute to minute, so that to convanished.' I myself have a thou- verse with them for several years is sand times in my life said, what I always, as it were, to know them for hear from all others, and have com- the first time. And what appears plained as much as any one of this to me strange is that, to themselves, calamity. I cannot say, whether they always appear to be the very or not I was in the right; but cer same. If to day for example, one tainly I was wrong in believing, of these persons is tranquil, and when young particularly, that a speaks of his own disposition, you few kind words, a cordial address, will hear him say: . As for me, a cheerful countenance, were marks there is nothing I hate more than of friendship. To know what are change in any one thing. Peace really such, requires a profound delights me, and I attempt to prestudy, a very long experience, a serve it in my heart, as the most wonderful prudence, and an exa- precious treasure which the world mination of various circumstances. contains, I believe him, and the The heart of the youth, eager, im- more, because I see a good visage, petuous, and wholly absorbed in hear polite words, and all is done his desires, has not time to make with a good grace: next day I go many reflections ; he throws him- up to him, I salute him cordially, self into every pursuit, as it were, and enter into frank conversation; headlong, and is swallowed up in I find him a serpent. Thus one the vast sea of the world. Once day you will find him drowned in plunged into it, he must manage love, and exalting his mistress to his head and feet as well as he can, the skies; the next day, he cannot enJanuary 1812


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