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succeeding experiments, the results the education of youth, is one of were similar, the third excepted; the most flourishing and best-reguin which however he remained im- Jated schools of the country, remersed but one hour and five min- ceives equal, and in some respects utes. In his subsequent experi- greater, support from the King of ments, he tested the urine voided Westphalia, than it used to receive after he had been into the madder from the King of Prussia. The bath by the “ caustic or moderate-botanic garden, under the immely-carbonated potash, which turns diate care and direction of Sprenurine slightly tinged with madder gel, is, for variety and rarity, parof a cranberry, red." To detect ticularly distinguished among the whatever there might be of fallacy German University gardens. The in the experiments, the caustic po- library alone receives annually from tash was put into urine, in which King jerome, the sum of 1,800 there could be none of the colouring dollars, for the purchase of new principle of the madder, and no books and other necessary articles. change took place in the colour of M. Louis Petit Radel, a member the urine. We consider these ex of the Institute, has been long ocperiments as involving points of the cupied with the developement of a deepest consequence to the perfect general theory relative to the priknowledge and skilful treatment of mitive establishments of Italy and the human body.
Greece, and he has accordingly deThe new Astronomical Observa- dicated his attention to the ruins of tory at Göttingen will be complet- ancient cities. The city of Tarraed with the utmost expedition ear- gona, the walls of which were built ly in the ensuing year. Harding, by the Scipios, has excited the the celebrated discoverer of Juno, most lively interest, and he has dis. is, in the mean time, at the king's covered that the stones then used expense, gone to Paris, to confer by the Romans were all marked with the astronomers of France. with Celtiberian characters of an
Halle has experienced, in a very age much anterior, distinguished manner, the patro A Monsieur Cronstat, a French nage of King Jerome and his mi- chemist, who has lately arrived in nisters, who seem to be zealous London, has astonished our sugarto afford succour to the arts and bakers by the exhibition of a new sciences. The finances of this aca and shortened process for refining demic institution lately amounted sugar. He effects, in two or three only to 50,700 franks, whereas the days, what has usually been perexpences exceeded 106,300 franks; formed by the ordinary process onthe deficiency has, however, been !y in as many months; and, what supplied ; and the annual salaries is equally important, he produces augmented with 8,100 franks. This the finest sugar from the present reUniversity sustained a considerable fuse of the sugar-houses. Should loss by Reil's removal to Berlin. the process be made public, we
The literary institutions of Fran- shall introduce it into the Scots conia have been considerably aug- Magazine. We are, however, enmented from the funds of the sup- abled to state, at present, that the pressed school at Closterbergen; new process does not require the and the Pædagogium, which con use of bullocks blood, and other tinues to be directed by the Chan- offensive materials hitherto employcellor Niemeyer, and which, fored by the sugar-bakers.
Effects of Fashionable Education, 1763, I received from Squire Hopeilustrated in the History of Billy ful, our hero's father, a pressing Hopejul.
invitation to dinner. I had already
been his parochial schoolmaster TO THB EDITOR.
upwards of four years, without reSIA,
ceiving any similar attention, or
readers were was therefore totally at a loss to acmade acquainted with my eventful count for the honour now conferhistory as a Teacher. Aš my prin- red, and it more than once occur. cipal attention has always been di- red to me, that the company was rected to the classics, I know little to consist of a batch of drunken or nothing of chemistry, and hence farmers in the neighbourhood, and my admirable plan of Polite Educa- that poor Malcolm was invited to tron, formerly binted at, is very be the butt of the company. Be much in statu quo. On applying the event or the intention what to several gentlemen of chemical they might, I deemed it prudent celcbrity, I find no difference of to accept the invitation. Having opinion as to the practicability, and put on my best coat, my triple advantage of the plan. The only cocked hat, my fringed muslin difference of opinjon exists as to cravat, my ribbed black and white the mode of applying this admira- stockings, my, priest-gray waistble scheme. One thinks it may be coat, and a pair of new shoes purbest effected by a shock of Electric chased expressly for the occasion; city, ancther by an Injection, and a and having made abore fifty resoluthird thinks it may be most suc- tions not to get tipsy, I repaired to cessfully administered in a Magnum his honour's at the hour appointed. Borum. In the mean time, till I On entering the room, to iny can bring my plan to maturity, I very great surprise, I found the think I cannot better serve all company consisted of Squire Hoperanks of society, than by sketch-ful, his son Billy, a natural son ing the education and biography named Horatio, and Misses Eupheof Billy Hopeful.
mia, Dorothea, Jemiina, ClemenI am, Sir, yours, &c,
tina, Xantippe, and Penelope, all MALCOLM M Dominie.
antiquated maiden aunts or cousins, IIth Jan, 1812.
of the right worshipful family of
the Hopefuls. Such a sight totalBilly HOPEFUL was an only son, ly disconcerted me, and to tell the whose mother died when he was truth, might have disconcerted a three years old. By his father he much greater adept in the art of had the prospect of an estate, bowing than ever I could pretend Forth L.500 a year. His uncle, to be. I therefore made my awkwho inherited the family estate, ward bow as well as I could, and had reached the wrong side of fifty, instantly seated myself on my and was still unmarried, so that our centre of gravity on the nearest young hero, on the demise of his chair. This first embarrassment father and uncle, had a fair pro- over, I soon found myself tolerably spect of succeeding to at least easy, as the gentleman himself, and L.4000 a year, besides considera- the ladies, were extremely attenble expectations from maiden tive. It now occurred to me (for aunts, grand aunts, &c.
I was at that time a good looking Some time in the summer of young fellow) that his honour had
sent for me, in order to offer me from a human mouth, adding, with the hand of one or other of said uncommon emphasis, that it would ladies, with a situation in the cus- be monstrously shocking to treat a tom house or excise.
legitimate like an illegitimate child. Dinner at last appeared, and Finding it needless to argue the after it a bottle of wine, when the matter farther, I told him he was Squire relieved my anxiety by ad- the best judge, and could take his dressing as follows. “Mr own way. I took my leave as soon MacDominie, I have heard that you as decency permitted. At the are a schollard, thoff I am no great time appointed Horatio was sent to judge of them kind of things. My school, and by the time he was natural son Horatio (a boy about fourteen, had made himself master five) I mean to place under your of all the inferior branches of educare. The ordinary schoolfees are cation, necessary for business, be6s. a year, but I mean to allow you sides a sufficient knowledge of the 10s. which, you know, is very Greek and Roman classics. He handsome.” I nodded assent. In was bound apprentice to a merchcontinuation he informed me, that ant of some eminence, who in prohe had boarded him with an old cess of time, gave him a small woman within a few yards of my share of the concern, as a reward school, at 2s. per week. That his for his industry and honesty. From brother Billy's old clothes would one step to another he gradually serve him well enough, and that the ascended, and at the age of forty cumulo expence of the boy might had secured a handsome compebe about seven pounds per annum. tence with which he retired and
This important affair being set- purchased a small estate near the *tled, he told me he wished to take spot of his nativity. You would my opinion on a matter of infinite not imagine he had one drop of the importance, namely, the education blood of the Hopefuls in his veins, of his son and heir Billy; and for he never seduced a female, having descanted on the youth's broke a porter's head, demolished great expectations, the antiquity a lamp, fought a duel, or killed a and heroic deeds of his ancestors, fox in his life. &c. &c. asked me ingenuously what Our hero Billy was only three I would do, were I in his place? months younger than his illegitiHe made a solemn pause, and the mate brother Horatio. From the ladies were all attention. If the great tenderness of his friends, and boy were mine, said. I, I would the infinity of different plans daily send him along with Horatio, and suggested for his polite and genteel treat them exactly alike.
education, he was allowed' to gallop What a
scene followed. The about, with a servant to attend Squire was completely petrified, him, till he was nine years old, or rather horrified. Miss Jemima before any thing decisive was refainted. Miss Clementina's eyes solved on. The sextumvirate (if reeled in her head with indigna. I may use an Iricism) of ladies tion, and the other ladies quitted before mentioned, were so much the room with precipitation. After attached to him, that they could this hurly burly was appeased, not bear him out of their sight, and and Misses Jemima and Clementina as they lived together in one house had left us, the Squire told me, I in the genteel town of. where had said a more impolite and im- there was an academy, "he was at proper thing, than ever proceeded last put under their charge. No
thing, was omitted, which could hear him cough, without betraying contribute to his case or comfort. any symptom of uneasiness. The The warmest seat and the choicest chairman, servant, and private tu. morsel were always selected for tor were dismissed; his pocket him. Two chairmen were
money was reduced from three stantly in readiness to convey him guineas, to three shillings per week, to and from the academy, which and he was constrained to attend stood at the distance of twelve the academy regularly. yards. A servant carried his books, To any boy, but particularly to and a private tutor thought and our hero, who was hardened in instudied for him. When there was dulgence, dissipation and idleness, the least cold or damp in the air, such a sudden change would have he was carefully kept at home; and been insupportable ; and he did not even in summer, it was nothing fail to resent it by every means in uncommon to see him stuffed up in his power. He stole their prayer three pair of stockings, and half a books, broke their toothpicks, dozen comforters.
burnt their wigs, demolished their Four years had now rolled on, spectacles, and fixed pins, and whilst our hero, instead of making heckle-teeth in the cushions of the progress, had actually retrograded, chairs, by which the posteriors of in his studies. The least symptom the whole sextumvirate were seof uneasiness on his part, was riously injured. But his most notenough to throw the whole female able manæuvre was played off on sextumvirate into convulsions, and Miss Jemima, into whose tobacco to this artifice our hero had re- pipe he put a quantity of gun-pow. course almost every hour of the der, which exploded, and deprived day. It is recollected by some old her of the sight of the right eye, people, that during the four years besides setting her head dress on aforesaid, he ate ten thousand fire, to the imminent danger of her oranges, five thousand pounds of life. Our hero was turned out of confectionaries, and was the terror doors, where he collected a rabble of all the cats, kittens, lap dogs, of his worthless associates, broke and young children in the town. every window in the house, and
Ai this period, a great and im went directly home to complain to portant crisis took place, in our his father of the barbarous treathero's affairs. His father re-en ment he had received. But the tered the holy state of matrimony, fame of the transaction had gone and his uncle in a month after also before him, and his father very took unto himself a wife. Thus properly received him with a horsewere our hero's prospects annihi- whip, locked him up all night in lated at one blow. It now be the cellar, and set out next morncame probable that, instead of being ing with him to an academy at one of our hereditary Fox-hunters, the distance of 300 miles. and Legislators, he would be obliged Young Billy had now attained to elbow his way in the world, a his 14th year, and continued in mong the industrious ranks of man this new situation till he had comkind, and it therefore became ne- pleted his 17th with as little effect cessary to give him a substantial,
ra as ever: when he returned home, ther than a polite education. The he could do neither one thing nor female sextumvirate now no longer other, and his father was totally looked on him as the prop
at a loss how to act, when by accipresentative of the family, and could dent he fell in with Mr Mác Syco
phant, who undertook to complete which plunged after him and literalhis education in six months. This ly sared his life.
The privateer gentleman was famous for the po. struck after the sixth broad side, Jiteness and rapidity of his method and when the bustle was over, this of education, and was besides one faithful animal was seen swimming of the politest, best bred men liv. 'round the ship with Billy in his ing. In the short space of time teeth, to the no small amusement alreadly specified, this gentleman of the sailors, who after laughing taught Biky, English, Latin, Greek, at him for some time, at last took French and Italian, all with the him aboard. He offered them L.500 English accent, Writing, Aritlime to return to an English port, but, tic, Book-keeping, Euclid's Ele- as the vessel carried Government ments, genteel Geography, the pro- dispatches, this was impossible, but jection of the Sphere, Mensuration they agreed for L.50, to put him of heights and distances, Geo- aboard the first vessel they met metry, Navigation, Algebra, Conic bound for Britain, and the very Sections, Astronomy, Hydrostatics, next day he was sent on board a Hydraulics, Chemistry, Gunnery, ship bound to London. Fortification, Fencing, Military and He was now quite tired of a warNaval Tactics, Dancing, and the like life, and wished to be Captain Manual Exercise,
of a merchant vessel, to which, as At the end of the six months, he he had learned Navigation, there accompanied Billy, to his father's could be no possible objection, and house, and delivered him up a com- his father got him appointed to plete gentleman and scholar. His the command of a ship of 200 tons, father at first seemed to doubt the bound to Quebec from Leith. Afflattering account, but Mr VacSy- ter taking in a sufficient quantity cophant (like Tristram Shandy's of compasses, quadrants, telescopes, bull,) put so grave a face on the azimuths, astrolabes, &c. they set matter, that it was impossible to sail, 'round the north of Scotland, doubt a word he said. The father but the first land our hero fetched was nearly as great a numskull as was the Cape of Good Hope. Here the son, and could not detect him; the crew deserted the vessel, and the son had more slyness than ex- becoming urgent for their wages, pose himself; and as no body else our young Navigator sold the ship had any business to interfere, the and cargo to the highest bidder. matter passed current not only for Having paid the crew, they took a fact, but prodigy.
their passage in a vessel bound to Our hero now made choice of the London, but our hero had formed sed for his future destination, and the resolution of returning home spoke of killing Americans (for the overland, to avoid the dangers, and American war had now broke out,) disasters of the tempestuous deep. in thousands. He set out amply Fully confident of his own abilities, recommended to Admiral. then he sent home to his father by one cruising off New York. The cutter of the crew, his log book, and the which conveyed him, the third day following elegant letter. after leaving Portsmouth, fell in with a French privateer. In the Kap of Gud Hop 18th Guli 170077. bustle preparatory to action, our
« Dir Feathar, hero, through downright fear, leaped “ Yu wil be gled to her, that I overboard unperceived by any bo. am saf aryved at the Kap of Gud dy, but a large Newfoundland dog, Hop, whar I haf soled the sheep