SALERIO, a Messenger from Venice. PRINCE OF MOROCCO, Suitors to Portia.


BALTHAZAR, ANTONIO, the Merchant of Venice.


Servants to Portia.
BASSANIO, his Friend.

PORTIA, a rich Heiress.
SALARINO, Friends to Antonio and Bassanio. Nerissa, her Waiting-maid.

Jessica, Daughter to Shylock. LORENZO, in love with Jessica.

Magnificoes of Venice, Officers of the Court SHYLOCK, a Jew.

of Justice, Jailer, Servants, and other At. TUBAL, a Jew, his Friend.

tendants. LAUNCELOT GOBBO, a Clown, Servant to Shylock.

Scene, partly at Venice, and partly at Belmont, OLD GOBBO, Father to Launcelot.

the Seat of Portia, on the Continent.


That such a thing, bechanc'd, would make me SCENE 1.-Venice.--A Street.

But, tell not me; I know, Antonio [sad ?

Is sad to think upon his merchandise. Enter ANTONIO, SALARINO, und SALANIO.

Ant. Believe me, no: I thank my fortune for
Ant. In sooth, I know not why I am so sad; My ventures are not in one bottom irusted, [it,
It wearies me; you say, it wearies you ; Nor to one place; nor is my wbole estate
But how I caught it, found it, or came by it, Upon the fortune of this present year:
What stuff'tis made of, whereof it is born, Therefore, my merchandise makes ine not sad.
I am to learn;

Salan. Why then you are in love.
And such a want-wit sadness makes of me, Ant. Fie, fie!
That I have much ado to know myself.

Salun. Not in love neither? Then let's say, Salar. Your mind is tossing on the ocean;

you are sad, There, where your argosies* with portly sail, Because you are not merry: and, 'twere as easy Like signiors and rich burghers of the flood, For you, to laugh, and leay, and say, you are Or, as it were the pageants of the sea,


(Janus, Do overpeer the petty traffickers,

Because you are not sad. Now, by two-headed That curt'sy to them reverence,

Nature hath fram'd strange fellows in her time: As they fly by them with their woven wings. Some that will evermore peep through their Sulan. Believe me, Sir, had I such venture

eyes, The better part of my affections would [forth, And laugh, like parrots, at a bagpiper; Be with my hopes abroad. I should be still And other of such vinegar aspect, (smile, Plucking the grass, to know where sits the That they'll not show their teeth in way of wind;

[roads; Though Nestor swear the jest be laughable. Peering in maps, for ports, and piers, and And every object, that might make me fear

Enter BASSANIO, Lorenzo, and GRATIANO. Misfortune to my ventures, out of doubt, Salan. Here comes Bassanio, your most noble Would make me sad.

kinsman, Salar. My wind, cooling my broth,

Gratiano, and Lorenzo: Fare you well; Would blow me to an ague, when I thought We leave you now with better company. What harm a wind too great might do at sea.

Sular. I would have staid till I had made I should not see the sandy hour-glass run,

you merry, But I should think of shallows and of flats; If worthier friends had not prevented me. And see my wealthy Andrew dock'd in sand, Ant. Your worth is very dear in my regard. Vailingt her high-top lower than her ribs, I take it, your own business calls on you, To kiss her burial. Should I go to church, And you embrace the occasion to depart. And see the holy edifice of stone, (rocks? Salar. Good morrow, my good lords. And not bethink me straight of dangerous Bass. Good signiors both, when shall we Which touching but my gentle vessel's side,

laugh? Say, when? Would scatter all her spices on the stream; You grow exceeding strange: Must it be so? Enrobe the roaring waters with my silks; Salar. We'll make our leisures to attend on And, in a word, but even now worth this,

yours. And now worth nothing ? Shall I have the

Exeunt Salarino and SALANIO. thought

Lor. My Lord Bassanio, since you have found To think on this; and shall I lack the thought, We two will leave you : but, at dinner time, * Stips of large burthen.

# Lovering. pray you, have in mind where we must meet. Bass. I will not fail you.

Lie all unlock'd to your occasions. Gra You look not well, signior Antonio; Bass. In my school days, when I had lost You have too much respect upon the world :

one shaft, They lose it, that do buy it with much care. I shot his fellow of the self-same flight Believo me, you are marvellously chang'd. The self-same way, with more advised watch, Ant. I hold the world but as the world, Gra- To find the other forth; and by advent'ring both, tiano,

I oft found both: I urge this childhood proof, A stage, where every man must play a part, Because what follows is pure innocence. And mine a sad one.

I owe you much; and, like a wilful youth, Gra. Let me play the Fool:

That which I owe is lost: but if you please With mirth and laughter let old wrinkles come; To shoot another arrow that self way And let my liver rather heat with wine, Which you did shoot the first, I do not doubt, Than my beart cool with mortifying groans.. As I will watch the aim, or to find both, Why should a man, whose blood is warm within, Or bring your latter hazard back again, Sit like his grandsire cut in alabaster? [dice And thankfully rest debtor for the first. Sleep when he wakes? and creep into the jaun. Ant. You know me well; and herein spend By being peevish? I tell thee what, Antonio,

but time, I love thee, and it is my love that speaks;- To wind about my love with circumstance; There are a sort of men, whose visages

And, out of doubt, you do me now more wrong, Do cream andimantle, like a standing pond; In making question of my uttermost, And do a wilful stillness* entertain,

Than if you had made waste of all I have : With purpose to be dress'd in an opinion Then do but say to me what I should do, Of wisdom, gravity, profound conceit; That in your knowledge may by me be done, As who should say, I am Sir Oracle,

And I am press'd* unto it: therefore, speak. And, when I ope my lips, let no dog bark! Buss. In Belmont is a lady richly left, O, my Antonio, I do know of these,

And she is fair, and, fairer than that word, That therefore only are reputed wise,

Of wondrous virtues; sometimest from her eyes For saying nothing; who, I am very sure, I did receive fair speechless messages : If they should speak, would almost damn those Her name is Portia ; nothing undervalued ears,

(fools. To Cato's daughter, Brutus' Portia. Which, hearing them, would call their brothers, Nor is the wide world ignorant of her wortb; I'll tell thee more of this another time :

For the four winds blow in from every coast But fish not, with this melancholy bait, Renowned suitors : and her sunny locks For this fool's gudgeon, this opinion.

Hang on her temples like a golden fleece; Come, good Lorenzo :-Fare ye well, a while; Which makes her seat of Belmont, Colchas' I'll end my exhortation after dinner.'

Lor. Well, we will leave you then till din- | And many Jasons come in quest of her.
ner-time :

O my Antonio, had I but the means
I must be one of these same dumb wise men, To hold a rival place with one of them,
For Gratiano never lets me speak.

I have a mind presages me such thrift, Gra. Well, keep me company but two years That I should questionless be fortunate. more,

(tongue. Ant. Thou know'st, that all my fortunes are Thou shalt not know the sound of thine own

at sea; Ant. Farewell: I'll grow a talker for this gear. Nor have I money, nor commodity Gra. Thanks, i'faith; for silence only is com- To raise a present sum: therefore go forth, mendable

[ble. Try what my credit can in Venice do ; In a neat's tongue dried, and a maid not vendi- That shall be rack'd, even to the uttermost,

[Exeunt GRATIANO and LORENZO. To furnish thee to Belmont, to fair Portia. Ant. Is that any thing now?

Go, presently inquire, and so will I, Bass. Gratiano speaks an infinite deal of no- Where money is, and I no question make, thing, more than any man in all Venice: His To have it of my trust, or for my sake. reasons are as two grains of wheat hid in two

[Exeunt. bushels of chaff; you shall seek all day ere you find them; and, when you have them, they SCENE II.-Belmont.- A Ruom in Portu's are not worth the search.

Ant. Well; tell me now,what'lady is this same

Enter Portia and NERISSA.
To whom you swore a secret pilgrimage
That you to-day promis'd to tell me of?

Por. By my troth, Nerissa, my little body is
Bass. "Tis not unknown to you, Antonio, a-weary of this great world.
How much I have disabled mine estate,

Ner. You would be, sweet madam, if your By something showing a more swelling port miseries were in the same abundance as your Than my faint means would grant continuance: good fortunes are: And, yet, for aught I set, Nor do I now make moan to be abridg’d they are as sick, that surfeit with too much, as From such a noble rate ; but my chief care they that starve with nothing : It is no mean Is, to come fairly off from the great debts, happiness therefore, to be seated in the mean; Wherein my time, something too prodigal, superfluity comes sooner by white hairs, but Hath left me gaged : To you Antonio, competency lives longer. I owe the most, in money, and in love;

Por. Good sentences, and well pronounced. And from your love I have a warranty

Ner. They would be better, if well followed. To unburden all my plots and purposes,

Por. If to do were as easy as to know what How to get clear of all the debts I owe. were good to do, chapels had been churches,

Ant. I pray you, good Bassanio, let me know and poor men's cottages, princes' palaces. It And, if it stand, as you yourself still do, [it; is a good divine, that follows his own instrucWithin the eye of honour, be assur'd,

tions: I can easier teach twenty what were My purse, my person, my extremest means, good to be done, than be one of the twenty to * Ohstinate silence.

* Ready.

+ Formerly.



185 follow mine own teaching. The brain may de- Ner. How like you the young German, the vise laws for the blood; but a hot temper leaps duke of Saxony's nephew ? Jyer a cold decree: such a hare is madness the

Por. Very vilely in the morning, when he is youth, to skip o'er the meshes of good counsel sober; and most vilely in the afternoon, when the cripple. But this reasoning is not in the he is drunk: when he is best, he is little worse fashion to choose me a husband :-O me, the than a man; and when he is worst, he is little word choose! I may neither choose whom I better than a beast: an the worst fall that ever would, nor refuse whom I dislike; so is the fell, I hope I shall make shift to go without will of a living daughter curb'd by the will of him. a dead father:- Is it not hard, Nerissa, that I Ner. If he should offer to choose, and choose cannot choose one, nor refuse none?

the right casket, you should refuse to perform Ner. Your father was ever virtuous; and your father's will, if you should refuse to acholy men, at their death, have good inspira- cept him. tions; therefore, the lottery, that he hath devised' in these three chests, of gold, silver, thee, set a deep glass of Rhenish wine on the

Por. Therefore, for fear of the worst, I pray and lead, (whereof who chooses his meaning, contrary casket: for, if the devil be withiu, chooses you,) will, no doubt, never be chosen and that temptation without, I know he will by any rightly, but one who you shall rightly choose it. I will do any thing, Nerissa, ere I lore. But what warmth is there in your affec. will be married to a sponge. tion towards any of these princely suitors that Ner. You need not fear, ladly, the having are already come?

any of these lords; they have acquainted ne, Por. I pray thee, overname them; and as with their determination : which is indeed, to thou namest them, I will describe them: and, return to their home, and to trouble you with according to my description, level at my affeca

no more suit; unless you may be won by some tion,

other sort than your father's imposition, deVer. First, there is the Neapolitan prince. pending on the caskets.

Por. Ay, that's a colt,* indeed, for doth Por. 'If I live to be as old as Sibylli, I aothing but talk of his borse ; and he makes it will die as chaste as Diana, unless I be oba great appropriation to his good parts, that he tained by the manner of my father's will: I can shoe him himself: I am much afraid, my am glad this parcel of wooers are so reasonalady his mother played false with a smith.

ble; for there is not one among them but I dote Ner. Then, is there the countyt Palatine. on his very absence, and I pray God grant

Por. He doth nothing, but frown; as who them a fair departure. should say, An if you will not have me, choose : Ner. Do you not remember, lady, in your be hears merry tales, and smiles not: I fear, father's time, a Venetian, a scholar, and a he will prove the weeping philosopher when he grows old, being so full of unmannerly

sad soldier, that came hither'in company of the

marquis of Montferrat? ness in his youth. I had rather be married to a death's head with a bone in his mouth, so was he called.

Por. Yes, yes, it was Bassanio ; as I think than to either of these. God defend me from

Ner. True, madam; he, of all the men that these two! Ner. How say you by the French lord, Mon- deserving a fair lady.

ever my foolish eyes looked upon, was the best sieur Le Bon ?

Por. I remember him well; and I remember Por. God made him, and therefore let him him worthy of thy praise.- How now! what pass for a man. In truth, I know it is a siu to

news? be a mocker; But, he! why, he bath a horse better than the Neapolitan's; a better bad

Enter u SERVANT. habit of frowning than the count Palatine : he Serr. The four strangers seek for you, ma. is every man in no man: if a throstle sing, be dam, to take their leave : and there is a forefalls straight a capering; he will fence with runner come from a fifth, the prince of Morochis own shadow: if I should marry him, Ico; who brings word, the prince, his master, should marry twenty husbands: If he would will be here to-night. despise me, I would forgive him ; for if he love Por. If I could bid the fifth welcome with me to madness, I shall never requite him. so good a heart as I can bid the other four

Ner. What say you then to Faulconbridge, farewell, I should be glad of his approach : if the young barun of England ?

he have the condition* of a saint, and the comPor. You know, I say nothing to him ; for plexion of a devil, I had rather he should shrive he understands not me, nor 1 him: he hath me than wive me. Come, Nerissa.—Sirral, neither Latin, French, nor Italian ; and you go before.- Whiles we shut the gate upon oue will come into the court and swear, that I have wooer, another knocks at the door.

(Excunt. a poor penny-worth in the English. He is a proper man's picture; But, alas ! who can con- SCENE III.--- Venice.-A public place. terse with a dumb show? How oddly he is

Enter BASSANIO und SHYLOCK suited! I think, he bought his doublet in Italy, his round hose in France, his bonnet in Ger

Shy. Three thousand ducats,-well. many, and his behaviour every where.

Bass. Ay, Sir, for three months. Ner. What think you of the Scottish lord, his

Shy. For three months,--well. neighbour ?

Bass. For the which, as I told you, Antonio
Por. That he hath a neighbourly charity in shall be bound.
him ; for he borrowed a box of the ear of the Shy. Antonio shall become bound, -well.
Englishman, and swore he would pay him

Bass. May you stead me? Will you plea-
again, when he was able: I think, the French sure me? Shall I know your answer?
man became his surety, and sealed under for

Shy. Three thousand ducats, for three months, another.

and Antonio bound.

Bass. Your answer to that.

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+ A Deady, gas youngster

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Temper, qualities



But more,

Shy. Antonio is a good man.

Ant. And what of him? did he take interest Bass. Have you heard any imputation to the Shy. No, not take interest; not, as you woula contrary?

say, Shy. Ho, no, no, no, no ;-my meaning, in Directly interest: mark what Jacob did. saying he is a good man, is to have you under. When Laban and himself were compromis'd, stand me, that he is sufficient: yet his means That all the eanlings which were streak'd and are in supposition : he hath an argosy bound pied,

[rank, to Tripolis, another to the Indies; i under. Should fall as Jacob's hire; the ewes, being stand moreover upon the Rialto, he hath a In the end of autumn turned to the rams : third at Mexico, a fourth for England, and And when the work of generation was other ventures he hath, squander'd abroad : Between these woolly breeders in the act, But ships are but boards, sailors but men: The skilful shepherd peeld me certain wands, there be land-rats, and water-rats, water. And, in the doing of the deed of kind,* thieves, and land-thieves; I mean, pirates; He stuck them up before the fulsome eres; and then, there is the peril of waters, winds, Who, then conceiving, did in eaning time and rocks: The man is, notwithstanding, suf-Fall party-colour'd lambs, and those were ficient;--three thousand ducats ;-I think, I

Jacob's. may take his bood.

This was a way to thrive, and he was blest; bns. Be assured you may.

And thrift is blessing, if men steal it not. Shy. I will be assured, 1 may; and, that Ant. This was a venture, Sir, that Jacob

serv'd for; speak with Antonio?

A thing not in his power to bring to pass, Bass. If it please you to dine with us. But sway'd, and fashion'd, by the hand of Shy. Yes, to smell pork; to eat of the habi

heaven. tation which your prophet, the Nazarite, con- Was this inserted to make interest good ? jured the devil into: I will buy with you, sell Or is your gold and silver, ewes and rams? with

you, talk with you, walk with you, and Shy. I cannot tell; I make it breed as fast:so following; but I will not eat with you, drink But note me, signior. with

you, nor pray with you. What news on Ant. Mark you this, Bassanio, the Rialto ?-Who is he comes here?

The devil can cite scripture for his purpose.

An evil soul, producing holy witness,

Is like a villain with a smiling cheek;
Bass. This is signior Antonio.

A goodly apple rotten at the heart; Shy. (Aside.) How like a fawning publican o, what a goodly outside falsehood hath! he looks!

Shy. Three thousand ducats,-'tis a good I hate him for he is a Christian :

round sum.

(rate. for that, in low simplicity,

Three months from twelve, then let me see the He lends out money gratis, and brings down Ant. Well, Shylock, shall we be beholden to The rate of usance here with us in Venice.

you? If I can catch him once upon the hip,

Shy. Signior Antonio, many a time and oft, I will feed fat the ancient grudge I bear him. In the Rialto you have rated me He hates our sacred nation; and he rails, About my monies, and my usances :t Even there where merchants most do congre- Still have I borne it with a patient skrug; gate,

For sufferance is the badge of all our tribe: On me, my bargains, and my well-won thrift, You call me--misbeliever, cut-throat dog, Which'he calls interest: Cursed be my tribe, And spit upon my Jewish gaberdine, If I forgive him!

And all for use of that which is mine own. Buss. Shylock, do you hear?

Well then, it now appears, you need my help: Shy. I am debating of my present store; Go to then; you come to me, and you say, And, by the near guess of my memory,

Shylock, we would hare monies ; You say so; I cannot instantly raise up the gross

You, that did void your rheum upon my beard, Of full three thousand ducats : What of that? And foot me, as you spurn a stranger cur Tubal, a wealthy Hebrew of my tribe,

Over your threshold ; monies is your suit. Will furnish me; But soft; How many months What should I say to you? Should I not say, Do you desire ?-Rest you fair, good signior; Hath a dog money? is it possible,

(To ANTONIO. A cur can lend three thousand ducats? or Your worship was the last man in our mouths. Shall I bend low, and in a bondman's key,

Ant. Shylock, albeit I neither lend nor bor- | With 'bated breath, and whispering humbleBy taking, nor by giving of excess, [row, Say this,

[Dess, Yet, to supply the ripe wants* of my friend, Fair Sir, you spit on me on Wednesday last; I'll break a custom :- Is he yet possess’d,+ You spurn'd me such a day; another time How much you would ?

You calld me-dog ; and for these courtesies Shy. Ay, ay, three thousand ducats.

I'll lend you thus much monies. Ant. And for three months.

Ant. I am as like to call thee so again, Shy. I had forgot,-three months, you told To spit on thee again, to spurn thee too.

If thou wilt lend this money, lend it not Well then, your bɔnd; and, let me see, -But As to thy friends; (for when did friendship

[row, A breed for barren metal of his friend ?) [take Methought, you said, you neither lend, nor bor- But lend it rather to thine enemy; Upon advantage.

Who, if he break, thou may'st with better face Ant. I do never use it.

Exact the penalty. Shy. When Jacob graz’d his uncle Laban's Shy. Why, look you, how you storm! sheep,

I would be friends with you, and have your This Jacob from our holy Abraham was


(with, (As his wise mother wrought in his behalf,) Forget the shames that you have stain'd me The third possessor; ay, he was the third. Supply your present wants, and take no doit * Wants which admit no longer delay. + Informed.

* Nature

+ Interest

me so.

hear you;

Of usance for my monies, and you'll not hear | His wife, who wins mc by that means I told This is kind I offer.


you, Ant. This were kindness.

Yourself, renowned prince, then stood as fair, Shy. This kindness will I show :

As any comer I have look'd on yet,
Go with me to a potary, seal me there

For my affection.
Your single bond ; and, in a merry sport, Mor. Even for that I thank you:
If you repay me not on such a day,

Therefore, I pray you, lead me to the caskets, In such a place, such sum, or snms, as are To try my fortune. By this scimitar,Express'd in the condition, let the forfeit That slew the Sophy, and a Persian prince, Be nominated for an equal pound

That won three fields of Sultan Solyman, Of your fair flesh, to be cut off and taken I would out-stare the sternest eyes that look, In what part of your body pleaseth me. Out-brave the heart most daring on the earth, Ant. Content, in faith; I'll seal to such a Pluck the young suckling cubs from the she bond,

bear, And say, there is much kindness in the Jew. Yea, mock the lion when he roars for prey,

Bass. You shall not seal to such a bond for To win thee, lady: But, alas the while! 11 rather dwell* in my necessity. {me, If Hercules, and Lichas, play at dice

Ant. Why, fear not, man; I will not forfeit it;Which is the better man, the greater throw Within these two months, that's a month before May turn by fortune from the weaker nana: This bond expires, I do expect return

So is Alcides beaten by his page; Of thrice three times the value of this bond. And so may 1, blind fortune leading me, Shy. O father Abraham, what these Chris- Miss that which one unworthier may attain, tians are;

And die with grieving. Whose own hard dealings teaches them suspect Por. You must take your chance; The thoughts of others ! Pray you, tell me this; And either not attempt to choose at all, If he should break his day, what should I gain Or swear, before you choose,-if you choose By the exaction of the forfeiture?

Never to speak to lady afterward [wrong, A pound of man's flesh, taken from a man, In way of marriage; therefore be advis'd.* Is not so estimable, profitable neither,

Mor. Nor will not; come, bring me unto my As flesh of muttons, beefs, or goats. I say,

chance. To buy his favour, 1 extend this friendship: Por. First, forward to the temple; after dinIf he will take it, so; if not, adieu;

Your hazard shall be made.

(per And, for my love, I pray you, wrong me not.

Mor. Good fortune then !

(Cornets. Ant. Yes, Shylock, I will seal unto this bond. To make me bless'd, or cursed'st among men. Shy. Then meet me forthwith at the notary's;

[E.reunt. Give him direction for this merry bond,

SCENE II.- Venice.- A Street.
And I will go and purse the ducats straight;
See to my house, left in the fearful guard

Of an unthrifty knave; and presently

Laun. Certainly my conscience will serve me I will be with you.

[Erit. to run from this Jew, my master: The fiend is Ant. Hie thee, gentle Jew.

(kind. at mine elbow; and tempts me, saying to me, This Hebrew will turn Christian; he grows Gobbo, Launcelot Gobbo, good Launcelot, or good Bass. I like not fair terms, and a villain's Gobbo, or good Launcelot Gobbo, use your legs, mind.

take the start, run away: My conscience says, Ant. Come on: in this there can be no dismay, no; take heed honest Launcelot; take heed, honest My ships come home a month before the day. Gobbo ; or, as aforesaid, honest Lanncelot Gob

[Exeunt. bo ; do not run ; scorn running with thy heels: ACT II.

Well, the most courageous fiend bids me pack; SCENE 1.-Belmont.-A Room in Portia's

via! says the fiend ; away! says the fiend, for

the heavens; rouse up a brave mind, says the House,

fiend, and run. Well, my conscience, hanging Fourish of Cornets. Enter the Prince or Mo- about the neck of my heart, says very wisely

Rocco, and his Train; Portia, NERISSA, and to me,-my honest friend Launcelot, being an other of her Attendants.

honest man's son,-or rather an honest woman's Mor. Mislike me not for my complexion,

son;<for, indeed, my father did something The shadow'd livery of the burnishid sun, smack, something grow to, he had a kind of To whom I am a neighbour, and near bred. taste; well, my conscience says, Launcelot, Bring me the fairest creature northward born, budge not; budge, says the fiend ; budge not, Where Phoebus' fire scarce thaws the icicles,

says my conscience: Conscience, says I, you And let us make incisiont for your love,

counsel well; fiend, says I, you counsel well: To prove whose blood is reddest, his, or mine. to be ruled by my conscience, I should stay I tell thee, lady, this aspect of mine

with the Jew my master, who, (God bless the Hath fear'dt the valiant; by my love, I swear, mark!) is a kind of devil; and, to run away from The best-regarded virgins of our clime

the Jew, I should be ruled by the fiend, who, Have lov'd it too: I would not change this hue, saving your reverence, is the devil himselt: Except to steal your thoughts, my gentle queen? Certainly, the Jew is the very devil incarnaPor. In terms of choice I am not solely led

tion; and, in my conscience, my conscience is By nice direction of a maiden's eyes:

but a kind of hard conscience, to offer to counBesides the lottery of my ny

sel me to stay with the Jew: The fiend xives Bars me the right of voluntary choosing:

the more friendly counsel: I will run, fiend; my But, if my father had not scanted me,

heels are at your commandment, I will run. And hedg'd me by his wit, to yield myself

Enter old GOBBO, with a Basket. + Alusion to the eastern custom for lovers to testify which is the way to master Jew's?

Gob. Master, young man, you, I pray you; their passion by cutting themselves in their mistresses' silt, Terrified.

* Not precipitate.


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