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saw thee, and were afraid. What ailed thee, O thou sea, that thou fleddest, and thou Jordan, that thou wast driven back? Ye mountains, that ye skipped like rams, and ye little hills like young sheep.”
PROSOPOPEIA persons makes of things, AsNow the moon her pearly lustre flings.
The APOSTROPHE turns off from the regular track of the subject, to address some person or thing; as, -“Death is swallowed up in victory. O Death! where is thy sting? O Grave! where is thy victory ?” Here is likewise an example of the Interrogation.
APOSTROPHE, as thoughts and feelings press, Turns to some object with a brief address. Accursed thirst of gold! the crimes how great, Which thou dost urge mankind to perpetrate !
ANTITHESIS illustrates a subject by the opposition of contrary qualities. It may be compared to the light and shade of a picture, which add to the effect of each other, and make the whole composition more impressive. For example :-“By honour and dis. honour, by evil report and good report, as deceivers and yet true, as unknown and yet well known, as dying and behold we live, as sorrowful yet always rejoicing, as poor yet making many rich, as having nothing and yet possessing all things.”
Antithesis arrays in stronger light ;
The Climax rises by regular steps from one circumstance to another, until the thoughts cannot be carried to a greater elevation. Of this figure an instance is given by St. Paul, when he says, “Whom God did foreknow, he also did predestinate ; whom he did predestinate, them he also called ; whom he called, them he also jus
tified; and whom he justified, them he also glorified.”
By Climax we in Rhetoric learn to climb From weak and low, to mighty and sublime !
LOVE OF OUR COUNTRY.
Breathes there the man with soul so dead, Who never to himself hath said
This is my own, my native land ? Whose heart hath ne'er within him burn'd, As home his footsteps he hath turn'd
From wandering on a foreign strand ? If such there breathe, go mark hima well; For him no minstrel raptures swell ; High tho' his titles, proud his name, Boundless his wealth as wish can claim; Despite those titles, power, and pelf, The wretch, concentered all in self,