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Gucchehuras

REPRESENTATIVE BIOGRAPHIES

. OF, .. ENGLISH MEN OF LETTERS

THE MACMILLAN COMPANY
NEW YORK • BOSTON • CHICAGO

ATLANTA · SAN FRANCISCO

MACMILLAN & CO., LIMITED
LONDON · BOMBAY · CALCUTTA

MELBOURNE
THE MACMILLAN CO. OF CANADA, LTD.

TORONTO

OF

ENGLISH MEN OF LETTERS

CHOSEN AND EDITED

BY

CHARLES TOWNSEND COPELAND
LECTURER ON ENGLISH LITERATURE IN HARVARD UNIVERSITY

AND

FRANK WILSON CHENEY HERSEY

INSTRUCTOR IN ENGLISH IN HARVARD UNIVERSITY

New York
THE MACMILLAN COMPANY

1910
All rights reserved

HANYADE ALEGE VORARY

Giriur
PROF. JOHN TUCKER MURRAY

JUNE 13, 1938

COPYRIGHT, 1909,-
BY THE MACMILLAN COMPANY.

Set up and electrotyped. Published September, 1909. Reprinted
August, 1910.

Norwood Press
J. 8. Cushing Co. - Berwick & Smith Co.

Norwood, Mass., U.8.A.

PREFACE

This collection of biographies and autobiographies of English men of letters has been prepared to serve various purposes.

It is primarily designed to illustrate the varieties of biographical writing. To this end, it includes: first, extracts from notable autobiographies, among which are those of Lord Herbert of Cherbury, Colley Cibber, Gibbon, and Ruskin; second, examples of the method and style of such famous biographers as Izaak Walton, Dr. Johnson, Boswell, Lockhart, Southey, Macaulay, and Carlyle; and third, many complete Lives from the Dictionary of National Biography which represent the work of the most accomplished of modern literary historians.

In the first group, the selections of autobiography exemplify both formal and informal records of life and character. Here may be studied such types as the diary, the letter, the reminiscence, and the memoir. The attention of students should be called to the diversity of mood and style inherent in these types, and due to the moment of writing and the author's mental attitude. For the study of these differences, Pepys's Diary, Swift's Journal to Stella, Carlyle's Reminiscences, and Gibbon's Memoirs offer excellent material. Furthermore, the manner and degree of selfrevelation are to be considered. The comparison of Lord Herbert's vainglorious account of his prowess, or of Colley Cibber's naïve avowal of vanity, with Ruskin's reverent narrative of his great awakening in Italy should prove highly interesting.

When we turn to the second group, the examples of the work of famous biographers, we meet new phases of the art of recording men's lives. Now, the shrewdness with which the author has understood his hero, the justness with which he has interpreted his character, the skill and spirit with which he has portrayed his actions, become matters of fundamental importance. Here, too,

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