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act of navigation advantageous afford altogether America annual produce augment balance of trade bank money BOOK bounty branches of trade Britain British bullion capital employed carrying trade cent chap cheaper coin colony trade commerce commodities consequence country gentlemen cultivation distant duce duties East Indies employment encouragement endeavour England equal established Europe European exchange expence exportation factures fame manner farmer favour foreign trade France French frequently gold and silver greater quantity guilders home market importation improvement increase inhabitants interest land and labour less maintain manufactures ment mercantile monopoly mother country nations naturally necessarily nerally occasion ordinary paid particular perhaps pound weight pounds productive labour prohibition proportion proprietor prosit provinces of France purchase regulations rendered revenue rude produce scarcity Scotland seignorage sell shillings sirst sive sometimes Spain subsistence supposed surplus produce tion town trade of consumption trissing wealth whole wine wool
188 ページ - It is the maxim of every prudent master of a family never to attempt to make at home what it will cost him more to make than to buy.
7 ページ - THERE is one sort of labour which adds to the value of the subject upon which it is bestowed: there is another which has no such effect. The former, as it produces a value, may be called productive; the latter, unproductive labour.
187 ページ - By preferring the support of domestic to that of foreign industry, he intends only his own security ; and by directing that industry in such a manner as its produce may be of the greatest value, he intends only his own gain; and he is in this, as in many other cases, led by an invisible hand to promote an end which was no part of his intention.
188 ページ - To give the monopoly of the home market to the produce of domestic industry, in any particular art or manufacture, is in some measure to direct private people in what manner they ought to employ their capitals; and must in almost all cases be either a useless or a hurtful regulation.
22 ページ - It tends therefore to increase the exchangeable value of the annual produce of the land and labour of the country. It puts into motion an additional quantity of industry, which gives an additional value to the annual produce.
192 ページ - Whether the advantages which one country has over another be natural or acquired, is in this respect of no consequence. As long as the one country has those advantages, and the other wants them, it will always be more advantageous for the latter rather to buy of the former than to make.
28 ページ - The uniform, constant, and uninterrupted effort of every man to better his condition, the principle from which public and national, as well as private opulence is originally derived...
86 ページ - According to the natural course of things, therefore, the greater part of the capital of every growing society is, first, directed to agriculture, afterwards to manufactures,. and last of all to foreign commerce.
464 ページ - The assembly which deliberates and decides concerning the affairs of every part of the empire, in order to be properly informed, ought certainly to have representatives from every part of it. That this union, however, could be easily effectuated, or that difficulties and great difficulties might not occur in the execution, I do not pretend. I have yet heard of none, however, which appear insurmountable.