Aquaphotomics for Bio-diagnostics in Dairy: Applications of Near-Infrared Spectroscopy

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Springer Nature, 2021 - 332 ページ
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This book is the result of more than 20 years of experience in working with near-infrared spectroscopy for raw milk analysis. The totality of this work presents extensive possibilities for milk spectral measurements that can be carried out in dairy. Moving beyond the standard milk components such as fat, protein, or lactose, this book presents near-infrared spectroscopy as a method that can also be used in disease diagnostics. The measurements and experimental results presented here are all based on the utilization of usually neglected near-infrared regions--regions with strong absorbance of water. The author has found the water - light interaction discussed to be an immensely rich source of information, not only on milk composition but also on the physiological status of the animals involved. A special section of the book is dedicated to exploration of potential interfering factors that may influence the analysis and contribute to the robustness of the models. The research described in this book served as a basis for the development of the novel discipline aquaphotomics and is of interest to anyone working in this field.
 

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目次

Why Aquaphotomics for Biodiagnostics?
2
State of the Art and Contemporary Requirements
3
The State of the Art
9
Advancing Beyond the State of the Art
13
Part II NIRS for Determining the Composition of Milk from an Individual Cow
18
4 Milk Fat Measurement
21
5 Milk Protein Measurement
34
6 Milk Lactose Measurement
47
16 Mastitis Influence on Milk Composition Measurement in the Spectral Region from 1100 to 2400 nm
183
17 Interrelation Between the Composition and NearInfrared Spectra of Milk Blood Plasma and Rumen Juice of Lactating Cows
191
18 NearInfrared Spectra of Urine for Mastitis Diagnostics
201
Part V Physiological Studies of Dairy Cows
210
19 Mastitis Diagnostics Based on the NearInfrared Spectra of Cows Milk Blood and Urine
213
20 NearInfrared Spectra of Udder Quarter Foremilk for Measurement of Both Somatic Cell Count and Absolute Electrical Conductivity and for Diag...
223
21 RealTime NearInfrared Spectroscopy of Udder Tissue for Mastitis Diagnosis
235
22 Estrus Detection in Dairy Cows Using NearInfrared Spectroscopy and Aquaphotomics
246

7 Milk Urea Nitrogen Measurement
59
8 Milk Fatty Acids Measurement
69
Part III Somatic Cell Count Determination in Milk from an Individual Cow
96
A New Diagnostic Tool for Determination of Somatic Cell Count
99
10 Nondestructive Somatic Cell Count Measurement Using NearInfrared Spectra of Milk in the 4001100 nm Short Wavelength Region
113
11 Measurement of Somatic Cell Count in the 7001100 nm Short Wavelength Region Using PLS Regression and Referenced Data
127
Comparison of AtLine and OnLine Measurement Modes
137
13 Influence of Sample Thickness and Individual Characteristics of Each Cow on Milk Composition Measurement in the Spectral Region from 700 t...
148
Part IV Influence of Perturbation on Measurements of Milk Composition
159
14 Influence of Individual Characteristics of Each Cow on Milk Composition Measurement in the Spectral Region from 1100 to 2400 nm
161
Temporal Study of Postpartum Adaptation in Dairy Cows
261
Part VI Functional Studies of Dairy Cows
274
24 TwoDimensional NearInfrared Correlation Spectroscopy of an Individual Cows Milk for Functional Study of Somatic Cell Count Changes in Milk
275
25 Wavelet Transform of NearInfrared Individual Cows Milk for SingleSpectrum Mastitis Diagnosis
289
26 Artificial Neural Network Applied to NearInfrared Spectra of Raw Milk for Dairy Cow Feeding Management
297
The NearInfrared Approach
307
Part VII Conclusion and Future Perspectives
315
28 Conclusion and Future Perspectives
317
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