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quis of Buckingham, for which the ten- | nine, which they last year rejected by a majo. pound householders inay require them-his rity of forty-one. One hundred and eightyobjection to the bill, that the House of Com- four peers have recorded their votes in favour mons may become vulgar; but let him be con• of this great measure of popular liberty; soled with the assurance that if the least edu- one hundred and seveuty-five have recorded cated people instead of their representatives their votes agaiust it. The majority is were there, no speech would ever be heard small; still, sınall as it is, I hail it as an within the walls of the House, below the level ! instance of the resistless force of public of bis own. (Laughter.) If seven cities of an- opiniop. (Cheers. Oh, Sir, it is difficult cient Greece contended for the honour of hav- to resist the resolved unanimity of a nation. ing given birth to Homer, I think that seven (Cheers.) The people have urged their deNewcastle men out of eight would struggle mands firmly but respectfully; in a tone and hard to disclaim, on the part of their town, with a look that could not be mistaken, aud the honour of having produced a certain learn- would not be resisted. (Cheers.) The thuned lord : he eulogises things as they are, and der of the public voice has long been heard mentious the blessings we bave ; and if he rolling in the political firmament, whose asjudges the situation of others by his own, he pect has been black aud luuring. I am glad certainly has substantial reasons. (taughter.) that that voice has been attended to. I em He cites the great writers who admire the cou- glad that the House of Lords have not been stitution with all its abuses, but he omits to rash and daring enough to rouse the slumberquote the most eloquent of those, Mr. Burke, ing passions of a mighty people, for if they who says, “There is a time when the boary bad been mad enough not to heed the thunder head of inveterate abuse shall no longer draw of the people's voice, assuredly they would reverence, nor even obtain protection."- have perished in the lightning of the people's (Cheers.) There never was in this world a rage. (Loud cheering.) The hour, tben, of position at once more Indicruns aud degrading our triumph approaches; of the triumph of than that which is now the plan of the Tory wisdom over foily, of reason over obstinacy faction; having plunged this country into un and error, of justice over injustice, of hujust wars, and brought it to the verge of na- inanity over oppression, of freedom over ty? tional bankruptcy, they declared that nothing ranny, of the people over a borough mongering could be better, and that no reform should be oligarchy. (Cheers.) I rejoice at the prospect grauted! Hurled from power, disowned by which England now has of being rescued from the more virtuous part of the aristocracy, the thraldom of the basest domination to ejected from Parliament by the middle orders, which proud men have ever submitted ; the derided and scorned by the labouring classes Juminativn of Jews, and jobbers, and moneyof the people, they began to stammer out that lenders. I rejoice at the prospect which Eoga little bit of a reform inight do. (Laughter.) | land has now of being delivered from the tyThus “ meanly shuffling to sneak ont of the ranny of an oligarchy the most insolent wbich scrape they had so poinpously shuffled into.” the world ever beheld, and from the pressure Their day is past, but if, as a last eifort, they of an oppresion the most huge under which a spoil the bill, let us reject it with disdain. vation ever groaned. I rejoice at the pros(Cheers.) No longer will I pay taxes in mo. pect which England pow has of emerging nev. (Cheers.) Let them confiscate my land. Irom wretchedness to happiness, from impend(Cheers.) Let them seize my goods. (Cheers.) ing turbulence, insurrection and civil war, to I am prepared 10 endure the last extremity tranquillity, contentment and peace. (Cheers.) (cheers) – eterual banishment - (cheers) - Yes, Sir; at length, after a long and dreary death itself-(cheers)-rather than be the night of expectation, the day-star of the Bri. willing slave of a tyrannical, unprincipled, tista constitution is begiuning to beam from on Tory administration. (Long.continued cheer- high, the waves are subsiding, the winds are ing.) Mr. F. concluded by moving the se- hushed, and the clouds are vanishing fast. cond resolution, which was seconded by Mr. Already the purple streak of dawn is apparent Abbatt, and carried unanimously.
in the brightening east, andere loog, I trust, the - Mr.LARKIN then rose and said :-Mr. Chair- full and perfect orb or glorious liberty will rise man and Gentleiwen,-When, on the rejection resplendent on our eager and desiring eyes, of the reform bill by the House of Lords in and diffuse universal light, harmony, and joy. October last, I had the honour of addressing (Loud cheeriug.) This majority on the second an assemblage of one hundred thousand of reading of the Reform Bill I regard as a splenmy fellow-countrymey on the Town Moor, I did victory; a victory not of war, but of gave vent to those feelings which the conduct peace; not of arins, but of eloquence; not of of that House was naturally calculated to ex. brute furce, but of moral energy. When cite in the busom of a man who loves his last we approached the House of Lords, country and hates oppression, in the language we were rudely pushed from the doors, our of indignation and of scornful reproach. Idemands rejected, our petitions spurued. We have now a more pleasing task to perform, to resented that rejection, we were indignant at address in a tone of joyful expectation and in that denial; and the Lords were taught the the language of congratulation and triumph. lesson, that the demands and petitions of the The House of Lords had passed the second people of England could not be rejected with reading of the Reform Bill by a majority of impunity. Did the people retire from the
House of Lords with dejected hearts and it is very edifying to hear the mutual criminafallen countenances? No; the wuiversal po- tions and recriminations of these right revepulation of these realms spruug from their rend prelates. As to me, who ain well known knees upon their feet, abaudoped the posture to possess the most profound respect and reof supplication, and assuined that of haughty verence for the hench of Bisliops (loud laughdetermination and firo resolve. (Cheers.) Aud ter), and who in my simplicity had always what has been the consequence? The Lords, thought that the snow-like purity and the proud peers of Englaud, have quailed in whiteness of their sleeves was but a feeble the presence of a resolved and united people : emblem of the still greater purity of their chaeven Wellington has been constrained to the racter. (Laughter. I was astonished at hearadmission that some reform is necessary, and ing it insiuuated that any portiou of that the Duke of Buckingham, God save the sacred bench could be influenced by motives mark! (laughter)-is ready prepared with a / and passions so base, so sordid, so grovelling plan of reform. The bishops, too, have and earthly, as those of avarice and ambition. begun to feel something of that whole (Loud laughter.) Yet Dr. Philpotts says so, some fear which is the beginning of wis- | and he is an honourable man, (Great laughter dom, and to trenible for their mitres. Such, and cheering.) They know one another's Sir, is the mighty force and resistless characters better thau I do; and the Bishop energy of public opinion. Concession has of Exeter can portray with a much more corsucceeded to rude insult, respect and defe rect and faithful pencil than I possess, the rence to scorn and repulsion. (Cheers.) To me character of a spiritual peer. (Laughter.) But, the opposition which has been made to the sir, permit me to ask, if the character of those Reform Bill in the House of Lords seems to l prelates who voted in favour of the Reform be most unprincipled-most-audacious. Se. Bill be, in the estimation of Dr. Philpotts, cure in their bereditary privileges, possessing venal and corrupt, in what estimation does he a negative on the voice of the people, forming think the people hold the character of those a distinct order in the state, endowed with
prelates who are the opponents of the bill, the ample possessions, and adorned' with titles advocates of injustice, the vindicators of the and distinctions, it dues seem to me auda shameful parts of the constitution, and the cious that such men should not only avow their bold and frontless apologists of drunkenness, wish, but maintain their constitutional right gluttony, bribery, corruption, and perjury? to keep the House of Commons in subser- (Loud cheers.) Ou, sir, no doubt the man viency to the aristocracy. Neither the law, who charges the Bishop of Londou with the por the constitution recognises any such right crimes of avarice aud ambition, is himself (cheers); and the assertion of it eviuces so completely purified from the dross of all earthly utter a contempt for law, and so total a disre- aud selfish feeling a sublimated essence of gard of the principles of that constitution sauctity (laughter),-a very pattern of episwhich they affect so much to admire, as to copal purity and Christian meekuess! (Great amaze me by its audacity. It is a great con- laughter.) Who, I ask, is this man that spurns cession to hereditary privilege, to a body of gold as dross ? --whose character is the very men who seem to regard their iuterests as reverse of that of Mammon, whose looks and quite distioct from those of the people, that thoughts the poet describes the power of the House of Lords should be “As always downwards bent, admiri Co-ordinate with the power of the House of The riches of Heaven's pavement, trodden gold, Commons; but that the House of Commons
Than aught divine or holy else to be enjoyed should be su bordinate to the House of Lords,
In vision beatific!" is a degradation to which, I trust, the people - Whose looks commerce only with the skies? of this country have too much spirit ever again Who, from the elevated region of sanctity in to submit, nor will they ever he content till which he dwells, looks down with an eye of the House of Commons becomes in very truth superiority and contempt on the spires of Winand deed the mirror of public seutiment, and chester cathedral, or the lofty towers of Durits members the representatives of the people ham abbey? Who, I ask, is the man that of England, and not the nominees and dele- reads lectures on avarice, and homilies on gates of the aristocracy. (Cheers.) I have now, anybition to the Bishop of London ? Why, sir, to beg your indulgence and that of this sir, it is the disaffected, the defeated, the disauditory while I make a few comments on the comfited Rector of Stanhope. (Loud cheeriog.) speeches of the Bishop of Exeter and the Duke Now, Sir, I would like to know if this pure, of Wellington. And first let me pay my re meek, and disinterested character had no spects to that
in lawn, the no vengeful recollection of the persons who lorious Philpotts. In the debate he followed wrested stanhope from his grasp ? Does he the Bishop of London, who has recommended not recollect that it was Earl Grey and the himself to the esteem of the people by his 50- present Ministry, who, in obedience to the lemn aud emphatic declaration that reform is public voice loudly and indignantly expressed, necessary for the peace and safety of the coun-would not suffer him to hold that rich rectory try. The Bishop of Exeter commenced his in conjunction with the see of Exeter ? I harangue hy sarcastically complimenting the should like to know whether in revenge for Bishop of Londou on the disinterestedness of that act of justice he would not like to trip up the vote he was about to give. Certainly, sir, the heels of the Ministry that defrauded his keen appetite of its eager expectations ? Aye, comment on the Duke of Wellington's speech, sir, I fear it iny Lord of London has ambitious but our want of space compels us to abbreviate expectations, his Lordship of Exeter has venge- bis remarks. After contrasting his present ful recollections. (Loud cheers.) I pass over admission of the necessity of some rehis defence of rotten boroughs; I pass over form, with his former declaration that the the obscenity of his allusions to the shameiul system of government in this country was but necessary parts of the constitution, merely so perfect that neither the wit of mau nor the remarking that these shameful parts are of al intelligence of angels cuulil improve it, and most inordinate and disproportionate magui- ridiculing his late discovery of some abuses in tude, and make the constitution a sort of po: a system the most perfect that imagination litical monster, wbuse glory is in its shame; could conceive ; he theu noticed the cband I proceed to his representation of relorm jections of his grace. The duke objects that .as dangerous to the existence of the establish the bill is subversive of the present system of ment. This is a strange admission from a representation. His grace is neither a witty churchman-that the security of the church nor a humorous man, though this must be depends on the venality and corruption of the intended as an humbie attempt at humour. House of Commons. (Hear, hear.) If this present system of representation! Why our representation be true, then do I say that a support of the bill is founded on this circumchurch whose existence is incompatible with the stance, that on the ruin and destruction freedom of the people and the independence of of a non-representative system it erects a the Cominons' House of Parliament, is a pub-system of popular representation. It transfers lic and national evil, and should be abolish. I the elective franchise from decayed and ed. (Loud cheers.) He asserts that this deserted boroughs to crowded and populous granting of reform would be an infraction places, from Gatton and Old Şarum to Manof the coronation oath, inasmuch as reform chester and Birmingham. He represents the would weaken and ultimately destroy that bill as a bill of disfranchisement. Certainly establishment which the King bad sworn it disfranchises the corrupt and rotten borough, to maintain. If so, then by a public, but it enfranchises the large town: it is thereformal act, of the legislature, the King fure much more truly a bill of enfranchiseshould be absolved from ibe observance of an ment than one of the opposite character. But oath which prevents hin from doing justice to what right has the disfranchiser of the forty. his subjects. (Cheers.) If that establishment shilling freeholder of Ireland to object that it be, as the Bishop of Exeter declares that it is, is a bill of disfranchisement? (Cheers.)-He odious and oppressive to the people, wherefore talks of innovation. What right bas the great in the name of justice should it be mentioned ? innovator, the Duke of Wellington, the inan If that establishment be a public benefit, it who exalted the Catholics from political decan be in uo danger from reform. If it be a gradation to civil equality with their Protespublic evil, it is the height of oppression to iant fellow-subjects, to hold this language? maintain it. (Luud cheers.) The inainte - He refers to Charles, to royal grants, and to nance of any establishment, whether civil, re- prescriptions, as if they were the most sacred Jigious, or military, in opposition to the wishes things in all the world. But I tell this adand the interests of the people, is tyranny, as mirer of musty parchments and hoary-headed they are tyrants of the most odious descrip- prescriptions, that there are rights which are tion who, in defiance of public opinion, sup- anterior to all charters, and can plead a higher port them-they are slaves who submit to antiquity than the most ancient prescription, them. (Loud cheers.) The public happiness, wbich to charter, no prescription can impair the public good, should be the great object of or destroy, which have within them a principle all legislation, of all laws, of all constitutions, of perpetual reviviscency, and will ultimately of all establishments; perish every law, perish triumph over all attempts to crush and destroy every constitution, perish every establishwent thein, and these rights this bill whieh abothat is inconsisteut with the happiness, with lishes obsolete charters, aud destroys prescripthe freedom of the people. (Veheinent cheer. tive abuses, to a great exteat recognises. One ing.) Dr. Philpotis concluded his address of these rights is, the right of every people to with a solemn warning to the House to do its govern themselves. (Loud cheers.) This duty, to despise consequences, and trust to God. is a right foruded on no royal grant, He invoked the God of justice to give perma- but had existence before kinys were nency to injustice. He invoked the God of this is a right founded on no charters, but had Freedom to make tyranny eternal and slavery its foundation ju the nature of man before immortal. Blasphemy and hypocrisy were written documents had existence. From mingled in that peroration in which the charters and prescriptions then, we appeal to champion of oppression makes a solemu, the rights of man. (Cheeriug.) But it apdeliberate appeal to Heaven, as if God were pears that it is not the lust ot duminion, it is the patron of the oppressor, and not the not the ambitious views of his grace that avenger of the oppressed. (Great cheering.) prompt his opposition to the bill of reform, but The man who uttered that blasphemous actually his love of the people aud his admiraperoration conceals under the robes of a tion of cheap govervinent ! (Laughter.) Mr. bishop the heart of
Larkiu here reali a passage illustrative of his (Cheers.) Mr. Larkin then proceeded to grace's views. Previous to commenting on
this passage, I ask why did not the duke illus- / so easily quelled ? (Cheers.) Were the retrate his views by a reference to the much volting citizens of Brussels so easily quelled ? more splendid example of a cheap government (Cheers.) Besides, are armies always faithwhich the United States present to the world ful? Will officers always do their duty against than to the unsettled government of France, torn their country? (Cheers.) But I will no longer as it is by injustice, faction, and discord, and pursue this course of reflection. Easy as his with the evil of a disputed succession impending grace supposes it to be to crush an insurgent over it. I deny that the government of France people-easy as he supposes it to be to dra. is, as his grace asserts, a popular govern goon and bayonet them into submission, still ment. I deny it is based on the sovereignty for the sake of the people, for the sake of their of the people. It is because the government lordships, for the sake of tranquillity, for the of France is not popular; it is because it is sake of the great cause of liberty itself, which not based on the sovereignty of the people that has often been lost amidst the tumult and carthe insurrectionary spirit, tbat the spirit of in. nage, the ferocious passions and unlicensed subordination prevails. Louis-Philippe was frensy of civil war, i rejoice that their lordseated ou the throne of France by a fac- ships have not goaded the people into violent tion of moneyed men, who were more inter- courses, nor exasperated the resentment of ested in the stability of the funds than in the the populace into fury and desperation, by a principles of free government, and not by the second rejection of the Reform Bill. In the voice and acclamation of the French people. meantime, it behoves the people to, be vigiHe goverus in accordance with the views of lant, and to guard from impairment and muthat moneyed interest, and not according to the tilation this great charter of their liberties. views and interest of the nation. Would Poo (Loud cheers. Mr. L. concluded by moving land, I ask, be at this moment enslaved, if the third resolution, which was seconded by Louis-Philippe were really King of the French? | Mr. WALSH. -Would ihat gallant people be at the mercy Mr. J. WATSON moved that a petition, of a despot, within the bug of the great Rus- founded on the resolutions, be signed by the sian bear, if the sympathies of the French mo- chairman on behalf of the meeting, and transnarch were in accordance with those of his mitted to Lord Durbam for presentation. people ?- Poland, the land of the brave and The petition was then read by the chairthe free, bas been degraded, and France has man, and its adoption moved by Mr. LAING been a silent, inactive spectator of that degra- and seconded by Mr. Dodd. dation, into a Russian province. Her heroes, Previous to putting the resolutions and petiwhose blood has not flowed on the scaffold or tion, the Chairman inquired if there were any been spilt in the field, have been exiled into other resolutions, when a person in the crowd Siberia ; and Poland is annexed for ever-hear proposed two, which he afterwards withdrew, this absolute decree-for ever annexed to the and the origiớal resolutions and petition were Russian empire. The haughty despot of the adopted. north, whose tenure of life is so uncertain, Mr. DOUBLEDAY said, he ought to feel both that it may be terminated by the bowstring shame and contrition for trespassing again, at within a nionth, has put forth a decree, arrogat. so late an hour, upon their patience. (Cries of ing the prerogative of Omnipotence, limited not No, no, go on, go on.) He felt it, however,' to days, to weeks, to months, to years, but ex. I a matter of duty, and duty was imperative. tended to all eternity. He decrees an eternity They had done well to pass the petition of toof bondage to the Poles. Poland, ther, has night, but he meant to move an adolress to perished, because Fravce is not free; and her Lord Grey urging him to create peers and government is not cheap, because Louis-Phi- secure the integrity of the bill. (Vehement lippe reigns, as all despots reign, by force, and applause.) He was glad they coincided with not by free election. The people are compelled him in opinion. Rumours and whispers were to submit, and are plundered to furnish the abroad ihat Lord Grey was disinclined to do means of their oppression and his domination. this : if it were so, he wondered why, for how The duke calculated on insurrection as being could 30 or 40 more peers injure the order." a probable consequence of the rejection of the -What idea were they taught to have of a Reform Bill, and eudeavoured to re-animate peer? Why, that he was descended from a the falterivy courage of the peers, to screw line of great and noble persons, and had the then courage up to the rejecting point, by ob. reputation of his house to support-he was serving that there could be no violence where called on to be brave iu soul, generous in disthere was an efficient goverument. Nivety position, patriotic in inteution, to lead the men, he observed, were sufficient to put a stop people agaiust foreign foes, to stand between to the disasters that occurred at Bristol, as them and domestic oppression ;-now if 40 Soon as an officer was found tu do his duty. men with such qualifications were added, Aye, sir, the sabre, the bayonet, the caupon, where was the injury? It was adding ornaare this mau's recipe for government. He knows ment to ornament, honour to honour, nobility nothing of the moral strength and force to nobility. Was he to be told that an ouer*which justice and beneficence place in the issue would depreciate the lordly currencyhands of rulers. But is it so easy to quell an that they were only valuable when rure; the libel Musurgent people as his military dukeship sup. was not his, but this was puttiog them on the poses ? Was the insurgent populace of Paris shelf with other rare specimens of natural his.
tory, with ouran-outangs, and kangaroo rats. either or both of the other branches of it. Mr. D. then moved the address, wbich was Notwithstanding this refrisal, the requisitors seconded by Mr. WEATHERSON, and adopted persevered in their intention to hold the meet
The thanks of the meeting were given to ling on Thursday, and at 12 o'clock on that the Chairman ; the band played “ Rule, Bri- day, though the potices were not issued till tannia,” and “God save the King," and after near the evening of Wednesday, the meeting some cheering the meeting dispersed.
assembled in the Court-house, when JOHN MARSHALL, jup., Esq., was, by a unanimous vote, called to the chair.
The CHAIRMAN opened the meeting by LEEDS MEETING.
reading the requisition and the mayor's CREATION OF PEERS.-MEETING OF
answer. The letter was as follows:
" Gentlemen.-l regret that the avowed THE BOROUGH OF LEEDS.
object of your proposed meeting is such as to - The second reading of the Reform Bill, preclude me from complying with the requisicarried as it was by a majority of nine in the tion you have done me the honour to present. House of Lords, has produced great joy in this “Claiming for myself the same freedom of and the other towns of Yorkshire. But the judgment as I most willipyly accord to others, reformers cappot be insensible to the danger I cannot consent to use the authority of my which awaits this measure in its details, office for the furtheravce of a proceeding dethough its principle has now been admitted by structive, as it appears to me, of the independo all the three branches of the legislature, - ence of Parlianient, and subversive of the un King, Lords, and Commons. The people of doubted right of each branch of the legislature Leeds, with that devotion to the cause of to deal with every question accordiug to its reform, and that anxiety for the great object owu judgment, free from control by both or of their solicitude, which have characterized either of the other branches of it. their proceedings in every stage of the Reform “I have the less hesitation in withholding Bill, determined to hold a meeting without my official sanction on this occasion, from a delay for the purpose of addressing the King, feeling that the want of it will be no impedipraying his Majesty, by the exercise of his ment to your proceeding in such a way as you royal prerogative, to consummate this great may think right. renovation of the institution of Parliament.
“I am, gentlemen, Accordingly, on Monday morning a requisi
Your obedient, bumble servant, tion to the mayor was drawn up requesting “Leeds, April 18. WM. HEY, Mayor. his worship to call a meeting, expressed in the “ To Messrs. Wailes, Claphamn, and Baines." following terms:! “ To the Worshipful the Mayor of Leeds. As soon as these documents were read, &
“We, the undersigned, respectfully request loud cry was raised of “ Adjourni, adjourn; your worship to call a public meeting of the the people cannut get in." The weather was inhabitants of the borough of Leeds, on at this iime very unseasonable for an out-door Thursday next, the 19th iustant, to consider meeting, and a kind of close packing, which the propriety of presenting an address to bis admitted a number of ihose who had been Majesty, earnestly entreating him to exercise excluded, restored some degree of tranquillity. his constitutional prerogative in a creation of The CHAIRMAN then said "We are once more peers, which shall prevent a collision betwixt met together to render whatever assistance it the two Houses of Parliament, and ensure the more may be in our power to give in furtherance passing of the Reform Bill in all its effici- of the great measure of reform. I hope it may ency."
be the last time, and ihat on the next occasion In the course of a few hours about 120 / we may bave to celebrate its success. (Apnames of respectable inhabitants were affixed plause. It may appear to require some ex• to this document, and a deputation, consisting planation why we are again so hastily of George Wailes, Esq., John Clapham, Esq., called together, after the bill has just passed a and Edward Baines, Esq., was appointed to second reading in the House of Lords. But! wait upon his worship with the requisition think it must be evident to all, that though that evening at six o'clock. Unfortunately, many peers have voted for the second reading, the mayor's professional engagements at a it is with the intention of making important distance prevented him froin receiving the alterations in its provisions in committee, -application till Wednesday morniog, when he such alterations, it is to be feared, as will lead requested some bours to consider the matter to a collision between the two Houses of Par before he returned an answer. At one o'clock liament. (Hear, hear.) If such alterations the answer arrived, and communicated a were made, the cousequences would be most refusal to call the meeting, on the ground that, injurious to the country, in either case, wheaccording to his worship's view, the measure ther the Commons accepted or rejected the contemplated would be destructive of the altered bill. If it were accepted by the Com independence of Parliament, and subversive of mous, we should not arrive at a satisfactory the undoubled right of each branch of the settlement of the question, and we should have legislature to deal with every question accord- a continual excitement and agitation of it. ! ing to its own judgmeut, free from control by the Commons should refuse the bill so altered,