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illustrious family, 'in their systematic and would not create peers that led to the discompersevering attempts to misrepresent the confiture of the bill. Without that treacherous duct of the late administration. By whom disclosure, it is thought, by those who are were they elevated to distinctions, which were good judges, that the bill might have been refused them by the Duke of Wellington ? and passed, unimpaired and unmutilated, without for what reasons, have they turned upon the creation of more than half a dozen peers. those, who made themselves respopsible for We usk whether a letter was not shown to the the indulgence of their royal parents' feelings, bishops a few hours before the division on Lord towards them, in placing them on a level in Lyndhurst's motion, which convinced them society with the nobility and gentry of the that peers would not be created in such numcountry? We have heard it reported, that bers as to overcome the resistance of evil-disLord Munster has always given a hesitating posed peers ? The bishops have a quick and reluctant vote on the different stages of scent. It is, however, but justice to the bithe Reform Bill--that soon after its first in-shops of London, Chester, Chichester, and St. troduction, he quarrelled with his father, to David's, to proclaim to the world, that though whom he has been only pleased to be recon- such a document was shown to them as well ciled since Lord Grey's removal from office.'as to the rest of their brethren, they refused to Was this difference caused by a refusal to how the knee to Baal, but adhered to their create him Duke of Clarence, or by the im- pledges. possibility of complying with insatiable demands for money-or by his enmity to reform? Upon the first of these monstrous But, to whatever cause it is to be ascribed, libels, I shall only remark, that I never we counsel him to be circumspect in his conI called the Queen, or any person known versations and conduct. The eyes of the public are upon the whole family, and the
the to the court, “a nasty German frow." people will not brook their interference in the I never called anybody a German frow, affairs of this nation. Upon what grounds except the nasty, freckled, rough-hided, and authority does he venture to assert in so-l devils that go about the country ciety that no promise was made by his Majesty to his late Ministers, to create any number of
skull-caps and kilts, crying “ Py a peers which the exigency of the case might proom ;” and whom this emigration require, to carry the Reforın Bill? We dare Ministry suffer to swarm all over the him to the proof of his assertion. He is either country, while they tax us to get away ignorant, or he is guilty of gross misrepre-the Enlich sentation--we have too much charity to he
- the English working people, upon the lieve the latter; and if his anti-reforming pretended ground that they are too nuzeal on this occasion is prompted by igno- merous. I never made even an allusion rance, be should without delay consult Lords to the Queen, or to any lady belongingWharncliffe and Harrowby, or his friend the I to the court: and I desire you, my Duke of Wellington, who has now access to WRITTEN DOCUMENTs on this subject.
friends; to join me in reprobating this Will the public believe that this man, who villanous species of misrepresentation.' thus arrays himself against the wishes and With regard to libel No.2, the li hopes of the people, aspires, through his coo- beller, being a Whig, is, I think, indisDexion with the Crown and the protection of a Polignac administration, to the go-cree.
creet as well as libellous ; for he tells vernment of India? We tell him he has us that the Duke of Wellington refused chosen the wrong path to such an object. to elevate the Fitzjordans to distincWhat House of Commons-we would rather tion. Indeed! I would not have told say, what House of the representatives of the people --- would permoit such an insult |
this if I had been a partisan of Lord to their feelings, or sanction such a reward | Grey. Libel No. 3. relates to a curious for ingratitude, tergiversation, and perfidy? matter ; the truth with regard to which The times for such jobs are, thank God, will probably come out in the end. O gone by.
But I cannot dismiss these libels with LIBEL, No. 3.
out bestowing upon them that reproba• The contest of the House of Lords with re- tion which they deserve, and without gard to the Reform Bill ought to be placed in observing that this is the language of a clear light. Nothing, in fact can equal that which in the chang of the House the baseness displayed by a number of peers,
qual that which, in the slang of the House and the bishops in general. Mr. Hume was of Comi in the right when he said, from what he knew spectable part of the press.' I can reof the House of Lords, it would not have been member, when Messrs. LEIGH and necessary to create ten peers, had it been be- Tous lieved by them that the King would certainly
John Hunt were imprisoned two years, create peers. It was the treacherous disclosure and fined 500l. each, for what was by some of the Fitzclarences that the King called a libel on the Prince Regent, not
a ten thousandth part so virulent as any House of Lords that he had received a one of these. The bloody old Times communication from the King ; and newspaper, which is the most infamous that for that reason he moved an ad. piece of printing that ever disgraced ink journment of the House to Thursday, and paper, has, if possible, poured forth the 17th of May. It is now the middle libels still more infamous than these ; of that day: and I expect to be able, the libels of this bloody paper I have before I conclude this letter, to anhad to endure for a great many years. nounce to you that the Whig-Ministers But I must cease to complain, now that are re-instated in their offices; and that, it attacks the King himself, even in a somehow or other, the passing of the more villanous manner than ever it at- bill by the Lords is to be made sure ; tacked me. Let it see a prospect of and that every lover of freedom upon gain arising from it, and it would at the face of the earth will have to be tack with equal virulence the King of grateful to the people of this kingdom kings.
for their wonderful exertions during From newspapers, let us now turn to this wonderful week. Bank paper. Amongst the means All have behaved in so admirable a which were put into motion on Mon- manner; all have been so prompt, have day, the 14th of May, was a run upon shown so much spirit and so much wisthe Bank for gold, agreeably to the dom, that it would be difficult to select placard before-mentioned, which was any portion of the people entitled to put out on Saturday evening, the 12th pre-eminence in public virtue: but, if of May. The run began on Monday one were compelled to cite an instance morning, and continued with great of promptitude and spirit perfectly prospirit, until it was known that Lord digious, it gives me particular pleasure Grey was to return to power. On to observe, that justice would compel Monday evening, the 14th of May, the pen of the eulogist to write down there took place in the House of Com the name of MANCHESTER! In that mons that debate which you will find town, the name of which is known inserted at full length in another part, throughout the world, and throughout of this Register, which debate I call the the world is synonimous with all the reconciliation debate, and which you qualities aud virtues connected with the will find it impossible to read through most wonderful creative industry; in without repeating to yourself a well-that town, two hundred miles distant known passage of the poet :
from the court, the news of the King's
refusal and of Lord Grey's resignation did " Brother, brother, we are both in the wrong?" I not arrive until the morning of Thurs
Upon this debate I shall hereafter day, the 10th of May. Before the evenhave plenty of opportunities of remark-ling of that day, a petition signed by being, especially upon the speeches of tween 20 and 30 thousand persons, prayBARing, which you will find worthy of sing the House of Commons to stop all the greatest attention; for this loan- supplies, was sent off to London, where monger was, it seems, to have been it actually arrived the next day; so that, Strathfieldsay's Chancellor of the Ex-though Manchester was at two hundred chequer. However, as connected with miles distance, there were but about the present subject, this debate clearly seventy hours between the refusal of the proved that the people had triumph- King and the arrival of the petition in ed; and I am satisfied that that London, signed by twenty-five thoutriumph was very much hastened by sand persons at the least. To their hothe run upon the Bank. The people nour I record, that Joan SHUTTLEwere working in all sorts of ways; but WORTH, RICHARD POTTER, and JOHN this was certainly the most effectual of FIEIDEN, were the bearers of this petheir movements.
tition. On Tuesday evening, the 15th of And, now, my friends, is there, after May, Lord Grey announced to the this, any bloated boroughmonger impų.
dent enough to entertain the hope of in 'tother place, that “ the ministry was subduing the people of England, or of formed.” Do, pray, read BARING'S cajoling them out of their resolution to speeches in this debate, and, at the have cheap government? How often same time, remember how many times did I endeavour to impress upon your he has asserted, that this reform was minds the important truths, that our a revolution, and that it must. destroy deliverance depended upon ourselves; the monarchy; for they have now the that we had no hope but in our own impudence to call it “a monarchy," as exertions; and that to induce us to glibly as they talk of the “ imperial make those exertions, we must clearly bushel," or of selling the dead bodies of understand beforehand the good which the poor. Look at BARING in this dewould arise to us from a reform of bute! See what a figure he makes ! the Parliament. Often was I told, mark his fright. that the promulgation of my proposi- ' The proceedings, in the two houses last tions would frighten the Lords, and night, show, that nothing was settled would induce then to refuse to pass the as to the means of passing the bill. Lord bill. Often was I told this; and as Grey having been asked, whether the often did I answer, They will never king had, at last, accepted his advice, pass it unless compelled by the popular gave, as the report says, the following. voice, and by resolute conduct on the answer: “Earl Grey repeated, that the part of the people; and, to produce that " communication which he had received resolute conduct in the people, you must" from his Majesty had not yet led to first make the people clearly see that the “any conclusive result. More than that bill would be a great benefit to them. “ he did not feel himself called upon to Men do not bestir themselves without a " say. In fact, he had on Tuesday motive; and the motive must be strong " stateci all that he could now state. A in proportion as the risk or the incon-" charge had that evening been made venience is great. It has, therefore, “ against him by a noble Lord, as if he been the object of my strenuous exer- " had been guilty, as a Minister, of tions, to furnish this strong motive; “ niost improper conduct in respectfully and whatever share will be my due in “ tendering his resignation to his Sove. effecting this great national object, will reign. He was not aware, however, have to be ascribed to those LECTURES," that in so doing he had done more which were delivered to you last winter," than many other Ministers before him. and whatever degree of merit those " But it was, asserted that he had taken lectures may possess, will be to be chiefly “ this step when he was aware that no ascribed to the ambition which I had“ other administration could be formed., to stand high in your esteem.
" What reason, however, was there for I am, your faithful friend,
“ supposing that no other administraAnd most obedient Servant, “ tion could be formed ; their Lordships
WM. COBBETT. “ having been told over and over again FRIDAY MORNING, SEVEN O'CLOCK.- " by noble Lords opposite, that they I have room for very little. The fol- “ were the most fit persons to form a Milowing debate is long; but the matter, “ nistry. If his Majesty were left alone and every word of it, we shall want to "on this occasion, it was in conserefer to almost incessantly for some time “quence of the advice of the noble Lords to come. It contains the unravelling " opposite, and not in consequence of of the plot of the most interesting “ his (Lord Grey's) advice, or that of his drama that we ever heheld. It " friends. This, however, he would was produced by the resolution of " distinctly state to the noble Marquess, the people, and especially by the run “ that unless he (Lord Grey) could be upon the old she devil of Thread. “ assured of the means of carrying the needle-street, who was all in a cold “ Reform Bill in a perfectly efficient sweat, when she shut her doors on the “ stale, he would not remain in office." ** evening of this debate. CAERNARVON That's good. But I have now only. (Oh, that Herbert !) had just told them, 'time to add, that I believe, that I firmly
believe that if this state of things con- from the City of London, agreed to at a full tinue another week, a handful of paper
meeting of the Livery in Common Hall as
sembled. He wondered whether the hon. money will not purchase a pot of beer Member for Thetford, if he was in the House, The run upon the Bank continued yes-would say that this was a foolish petition; terday as great as it was on Saturday. but perhaps he would, for he bad asserted the No tradespeople in London will now same thing of the petition of the Court of
Common Council, who were not usually acchange a five-pound note. Several'
customed to send up fuolish petitions to that have notified by bills stuck in their House, or to any other body. Some of the windows, that they will not take bank- gentlemen who had voted this petition, though notes in payment : everyone is pro- not quite so rich as the hon. Member for. viding himself with gold as far as he from 100,0001. to one million. That circum
Thetford, were possessed of property varying is able. Many a time have I cautioned stance alone, lie admitted, would not prevent my readers to be prepared for this state them from sending up a foolish petition (a of things. I repeat the warning now; laugh); they were perhaps quite as likely tu
du it as men of less property ; but he did not for, and let them well observe it, that,
think they bad done so in the present instance, if the Bank stop now, five ponnds in They had carefully considered the petition paper-money may not be worth one single they bad agreed to, and they felt strongly the shilling, if the run continue for only
same desire with the country at large, that the
Reform Bill introduced by the late Ministry a few days longer, there must be, what
was absolutely required to be passerl. Though was called a Bank restriction ; because, the effect of that bill would be to limit the without that, all must be instant confu- | franchise possessed by some of them as Livery. sion; and, if that measure be adopted,
men of London, still they were willing to Bank-notes must be made a legal
sacrifice that private and personal advantage,
in order to obtain a measure which they tender: then there will be two prices thought would be beneficial to the country at in the market ; the taxes will be paid in large. The petitioners prayed the House to paper; the dividends will be paid in refuse any further supplies to the executive paper ; and, what is called a hundred
till the Reform Bill was passed into a law
and with tha: prayer he most fully concurred. pounds stock will perhaps soon be He could only say for himself, that he agreed worth less than twenty shillings. with every word of the petition, and that he . Once more I beseech all my readers should certainly vote against all supplies till
| the Reform Bill had become law. to pay attention to this. Land and goods
bear, hear.) are things that will not lose their
Mr. Alderman TI1OMPSON wished to say a value ; but a state of thing's is now few words upon this petition. It was one likely to come, when no paper represen which had been passed at a full meeting of tutive of money (be that paper of what the Livery in Coinmon Hall assembled, and sort it may) will be worth one single
was therefore entitled to every consideration.
He was convinced it was impossible for any straw.
Government to carry on the affairs of this : I hope, my friends, that you will pro country unless they adopted the priuciples of ceed as you have done ; that you will the Reform Bill (hear, hear), because there by no means slacken in your efforts,
was a vast majority of ever class of the people
who were in favour of it, and were most until the reform be actually accom
anxious that its enactments should become plished.
law. He should say but a very few words on I remain your faithful friend, the other part of the prayer of the petition, And most obedient Servant,
namely, with respect to the stopping of the WM. COBBETT.
supplies. It was undoubtedly within the | power of the House of Commons to refuse the supplies, but it was a power which ought to be exercised with the greatest care and cau. tion; as, whenever such a circumstance took
place, it must disarrange all the transactions HOUSE OF COMMONS.
of commercial life, and be productive of the
most dreadful consequences of such conse14th May, 1832.
quences as it was the object of the Reform Bill · Debate on the projects of the Duke of Welato avert. Whenever circumstances arose that lington, and on his being again Prime Minister. were supposed to call for resorting to such a -which debate arose on the presenting of a measure, he should endeavour to act with all petition from the Livery of London, by the the discretion that it was possible could be hands of Mr. ALDERMAN Wood.
used under the particular eircumstances of the Mr. Alderman Wood presented a petition i case, but he trusted it never would arise With
the other part of the petition he most cordially ance of Heaven on the principles of this bili concurred.
(tremendous cheering), that he can come Lord EBRINGTON (who sat on the right, or round to support this bill, or any bill that is Ministerial side of the House) said-Sir, I founded on the same principle ? (Cheering.) I Upon the subject to which this petition relates hope, I trust, I know him better, than to be I have a few words to address to the House- lieve him capable of adopting such a course. I allude to the reports which have this morn-(Cheers.) I hope, if political principle still iug gained general publicity, and which have continues to have any sway whatever over produced a degree of general excitement men (hear, hear, hearj-if anything like pubsuperior to any that we have yet seen cou. lic morality (cheers) still exists, that neither nected with the passing of the Reform Bill, in this por the other House of Parliament will and which, I think I may add, have also ex-one Gentleman be found, who denounced this cited general consternation. I allude to the re- measure a's nothing less than spoliation and ports of his Grace the Duke of Wellington hav. robbery, to support it, merely because it is ing received his Majesty's commands to form proposed under a new Administration; that an Adininistration (hear, hear); and if there wone will be found who, at the bidding of any be here any gentleman who has information one man, can thus turn their backs on all that that can satisfy the House of Commons upon they have before so solemnly asserted. (Hear, this matter, I implore him to give us that in- hear, hear.) If, however, that should be the formation. It, as every gentleman well knows, case, I shall console myself with feeling that is further said that the Duke of Wellington the course which I have pursued, and which has accepted office on condition of bringing my honourable friends around me have purin the Reform Bill-I was goiog to say—but sued, has not been so inconsistent; and that, of carryiog on the Reform Bill-that bill, the though others may desert their principles, we heads of which were propounded by Lord have never betrayed ours. (Loud cheering.) Ellenborough, after the vote of the other. If the bill, as propounded by Lord EllenboHouse, which led to the retirement of the late rough, should be brought into the House of Administration. (Hear, hear, bear.) Now, Peers, and after being carried there, should be Sir, I stated on a former occasion that it was brought into this House, to that bill, unless, not my wish to throw any unnecessary embar- in the interval, he should again change his rassments in the way of forming a Ministry; mind (bear, hear, hear), and depart from the and I can truly declare, that if the materials principle of the bill, to the principle of that bill, could be found from any parties in this coun. so far as it effects an extensive disfranchisetry, whereby the Crown could form a Goveru- inent of corrupt horoughs, at least as extenment that should not involve the departure sive as schedule A, if not more extensive than from every principle that has been expressed that schedule (hear, hear)--so far, too, as it by them throughout the discussions upon this effects the enfranchisement of the large towns, question, though I should not have had that and adopts the 101. qualification, I shall give, confidence in such a Government that I should and I have no doubt that my friends around desire to have in any Government that un- me will do the same, ny cordial and zealous dertook to carry the Reform Bill ; yet, if such support. However others may change, the a Government was formed on the principle of principles of our action will be the same for carrying the Reform Bill, I for one would not ever. But I must here be permitted to say, with hold from them my humble support. that when the Reform Bill was proposed, it (Hear, hear. But I must say that it is im- was well known that I gave up my opinion possible for me (cheers)--actually impossible upon some further reform, which I then. for me-to give any support to any Govern thought necessary, on the condition of gaining ment that, under preseut circumstances, could for the couutry all thai was proposed by that be formed by the Duke of Wellington (cheers), bill. (Hear.) To gain everything that is probecause there is no pledge that he could give, posed in that bill we are all anxious now, and of his intentions in favour of a measure of re should anything short of that now be proposed form, which can be stronger than those which to us, though we should be ready to take that, stand recorded (loud cheering)-than those yet I trust that we should never rest satisfied which stand recorded by repeated votes, by till we had gained the full extent of what we speeches, and hy solemn protests (imniense require. (Cheers.) But it is in vain to hope cheering) of an uncompromising hostility to that the satisiaction which would be derived that measure. Is it possible, Sir, that the Duke to the country from the passing of this bill, of Wellington can come down to the House of when received from the hands of the old and Lords with that bill in one hand, and with his tried friends of reform, will be equalled by the protest in the other (renewed cheering), and satisfaction with which they will receive it call upon that House to pass that measure, or when passed by the other party. What, Sir, to pass anything amounting to any portion of will be the reflections of the country upon this that measure (cheering), that can give the extraordinary change, if, indeed, it is possible slightest satisfaction to this House or the peo- to think such a change has taken place; for ple? Is it possible, too, for any of those till I hear of that change in a manner that noble Lords, who signed that protest (cheer- leaves not the possibility of doubt, I shall not ing), to become his associates ? Is it possible, yield it my belief, in however various shapes especially, that he who denounced the venge- it may appear. What is the consequence, I