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FROM APRIL 7, TO JUNE 30, 1832,
Printed and Published by the Author at 11, Bolt Court, Fleet Street.
But2013 NOV 11 1881
2.-REFORM BILL.-To the People
of Preston.-To Country People. --
Fast ! - Poor-law Commission -- In-
GISTER.--Glasgow Reform Meet-
Meeting.–London Political Union.
the Last!”-Mangel-wurzel Beer.-
of Lords.--Resignation of Ministers.
8.-T. THE READERS OF THE RE-
GISTER.–To the Working People
To the Electors under the Reform
Baring's Bill.—The Fitzjordans !-
shire and Hampshire Elections.
LAND, LETTER I.-Notice.--Du-
Speech. — Chopstick Festival. --
ledge.—To Flower Friends.
tional Faith.--Fundholders' Case. --
of the Protestant Reformation “ PIG'S MEAT;" and after having seen its prodigious effects all over the kingdom; after having seen it shake the tithesystem to the very centre; and after having lived at the trough yourself for now about two years : after all this, you might have been a little more cautious how you talked in such a dogmatical
style upon any subject in opposition to TO DOCTOR BLACK
any expressed opinion of mine. It was On the Consequences of rejecting the not for this that I made you a Doctor; Reform Bill.
and, by -- if you go on at this rate, Kensington, 4th April, 1832.
I will un-doctor you, and reduce you DOCTOR,
again to your very kilt. I will now inIn my last Register I observed, that sert your commentary, and show how those who hugged themselves in the little comfort it ought to give to those hope, that, if the bill were rejected, the whom it is manifestly intended to empeople, after a mutual cutting of throals, bolden to reject the bill! I say this quite would gladly return to the old state of advisedly; because, I defy you to assign things, and that the Lords would, all any other motive for your commentary, the while, have snuyly kept their estates; which I shall now take, paragraph by I observed, that those who cherished paragraph, and show how incompetent this kind and just hope might be de- you are to write upon such a subject. ceived; for that, as in America, thel The account of the means by which the reformers might say, “ stand fust;" that tenauts of Pennsylvania were made such warm is to say, let every one keep, as his own, friends of the revolution, is, no doubt, ex
wiceedingly instructive. If the Cortes of Spain the house and land that he may occupy: had divided the church- lands among the peaNow, Doctor, you (lest, I suppose, the santry, the revolution in that country would Lords should be alarmed at this) hasten not have been so easily overturned. It hapto express your opinion, that there is no peved fortunately for the new order of things such danger as this, let the Lords do
Bat the Lorde in France, that the provinces in which there what they may; but you gave us bordering upon the most powerful of the
were most church-lands were the provinces reasons for this opinion, and these show enemies of France, and the distribution of that the opinion is not worth a straw ; these lands made the people of Alsace, Burand this, when I have quoted your !
gundy, Lorraine, &c., the most stanch supwords, I shall, I think, clearly prove.
porters of the revolution. But, Doctor, one might, after all The phrase " exceedingly instructive” that has passed, have expected a little is a little piece of Scotch sorcosm, non! more modesty from you, though aScotch- A“ spacamen of antalluct.” I tell you man, in speaking of a thing, no matter what, Doctor; the Scotch sorcosm and what, put forth by me. After speaking, antalluct are got out of vogue. I have in 1822, with the utmost reprobation and trampled them under foot, and Englishcontempt, at the same time, of my pro- men laugh at the insolence, except it be i position to give poor-laws to Ireland, those few base fools who affect superiority and after becoming yourself the most of mind, and who are the real two-leg red strenuous of all the advocates for those jackasses of the kingdom, The South -poor-laws, you might, though a pertsorcosm and antalluct were fast became Scotch feelosofer, have shown a little ing objects of general ridicale copia more modesty in speaking of any opinion tempt, when Grey had the surprising ! of mine. After having called the History sense and decency to perck up BROUQ
HAM upon the woolsack. That gave alof the poor, was pledged for the day. finisher to the Scotch antallucl; that suc-ment of that debt; and thus, in reality cessor of Thomas à Becker, Fontesque, taking the borrowed money, and divide and Sir Toomas More, standing before ing it amongst their unprincipled selves; me in the Court of King's Bench, in the not selling the property and bringing manner that he did in the month of July the money into the treasury, as the last; laying down, from the woolsack, much-abused Jacobins had done. the doctrine that the tithe-owner was a Doctor, let me here again remind you sleeping partner with the land-owner in how right I was upon this subject; and the proprietorship of the land ; pledging how wrong the Scotch antalluct was uphimself, from that same woolsack, to on the same subject. Long before the bring in a new code of poor-laws; these French marched into Spain, I said that things, Doctor, have given the finishing the Spanish people would receive them stroke to Scotch sorcosm and antalluct; I with open arms; and I said that the and the people in all the more than fifty Spanish bonds would not be worth one towns in which I have recently been, farthing. You, Doctor, said just the and in which I have addressed the peo- contrary : your antalluct discovered that ple, Scotch sorcosm and antalluct are a the people would fight for the “ free subject of laughter and of scorn. There-constitution" that they had got; I told fore, Doctor, if you will be ruled by me, you that the people saw clearly that they you will avoid all attempts at sorcosm in were about to be robbed, and that, if future, until, at least, your prime Scotch they fought against the French, they cock has brought in, and caused to be would be fighting for a national debt, passed, his new code of poor-laws. and for a gendarmerie. Upon this me
Now, as to the Cortes of Spain, pray morable occasion I stood absolutely what has their overthrow to do with the alone; both of the greedy factions, and observations and facts that you were the whole of the nation, friends as well commenting on? Why, their over- as foes, were against me; every one said throw has a great deal to do with the I was wrong, but results proved that I matter; for it furnishes a strong addi- was right; and, if you read that little tional argument to those that I made Spanish book that I am publishing, use of: for what does it say? Why, Doctor, you will see that the people of that the revolution was easily over- Spain were sensible to stiffe in its birth turned, and the old order of things that inonster, a national debt, which the easily re-established, only because the stupid or rogueish Cortes were nursing Cortes did not divide the church lands up to devour them. . amongst the country people. If this If, indeed, the Cortes had divided the were the case in Spain ; if a division of lands amongst the people, the French the lands amongst the people would would never have dared to enter Spain; have rendered the revolution successful but this not having been done, the new there, why should not our nobility be order of things fell at once. But, Doctor, upon their guard lest the nation should what inference do you mean to draw from be tempted to resort to similar means the fact, that the church of France had aye, to those very means which you most riches in Alsace, Burgundy, and blame the Cortes for not resorting to. Lorraine, and that this made those proNothing can be truer than what you say vinces the most staunch supporters of the here, Doctor : nothing can be truer than revolution ? Both facts are false. The that the Cortes were overturned because church had the greatest riches in the they did not divide the lands amongsi the richest provinces, and the richest of all people; but, instead of that, like a set of was in the north, and in Normandy. The base rogues or of grovelling fools, they most staunch supporters of the revolubegan to borrow money of our infamous tions were in Provence and in NorJews and jobbers to make a national mandy; so that both the facts are debt, pretending that the church pro- false; and if they were both true, they perty, which was, in fact, the patrimony make directly against your own posí. tion ; for they only show that the peo- most distant idea of the relationships ple were zealous for the revolution in an ! which exist between them, and of the exact propor:ion to the quantity of pro- ties that bind them to one another. If perty distributed amongst them. This you take a village of five or six hundred paragraph, therefore, contains a string persons, you will find above fifty or of statements, which, whether true or sixty heads of families who are renters; false, make against your argument and and, if you had any knowledge at all of in support of mine. But we now ap- the matter, you would know, that if you proach a little nearer to close quarters. were to take all the little renters, and
offer each of them a palace to reside in, But though we believe that the first to repeut any attempt to involve the country in and a coach-and-sIX to ride in, not one confusion would be the anti-reform vobles, of the whole would accept of your offer; we do not think they are likely to be much and that, if they were left to cut and alarmed with the possibility of their being sup- carve for themselves, nineteen out of planted by their tenants. It was very easy for the tenants of the great proprietors of Penn-1 sylvania (the descendants of Penn) to stand and gardens in which they reside. fast, because the yeomanry of America were then nearly the whole of the people. But a The truth is, that in a country so thickly terant would not find it so easy to stand fast in peopled us Englund, and with so large a portion England. Every man on his farm would think of the population without property, the dread he had as good a right to stand fast as the te- of anything like a scramble is always uppernant, and there might be a good deal of shov- most in the minds of all who possess property, jog before any one could stand fast.
and will always lead them to make every ef
fort -to preserve a respect for justice. Now This is the first time that I ever heard
there would be no justice in giving the farm about " yeomanry of America ;” and to the occupying tenant. If the landlord misyou know nothing about the then situa- conduct himself, his property ought to become tion of Pennsylvania, if you imagine public, and the proceeds be applied to the rethat the descendants of the Penns were
lief of the public wants." the only proprietors of the land. Thel The thick population I have answered.' proprietors were then very numerous, No question, that all who possess proand the occupiers were all tenants in perty must most anxiously wish it resome way or another. Your notion of spected; must most anxiously wish for the farm-labourers contending with the the preservation of the laws of profarmer for the proprietorship of the farm, perty; and it is my great anxiety not argues as complete a state of ignorance to see these laws shaken, that makes of the rural community of England as me so desirous to prevent the pretence if you had been born but yesterday. for shaking them from arising. You You do not know, then, that the farm- say that there would be no "justice" labourers are renters also! You do not in giving the farm to the occupying know this, and that their sons and tenant. To be sure there would be no daughters, as well as themselves, would justice, but most monstrous injustice; think themselves in heaven to become but I was supposing that direful state of the owners of their cottages and gardens. things, in which, as in America and And, observe, these are the only people France, law and justice were made to that the farmers would have to care a give way to the necessity of making straw about. You seem to think that blood cease to flow. I am as sensible the Irish labourers would pour out from as you are, that such a distribution St. Giles's, and from Kensington, and would be contrary to all justice; and it take the bands of pickpockets along was to prevent the possibility of it that with them, and go and scramble for the I was and am labouring. farm houses and the fields! This only! Besides, in this country, there are fer shows that you are totally ignorant of estates which belong absolutely to individuals. the state of the country and the people ; Estates are often mortgaged to their full valve, that you know nothing at all of the an
and it would be hard indeed if an unoffending manners, tastes or dispositions of the estates are carved out of estates in a bundred
mortgagee should be ousted by a tenant. These country people; that you have not the different ways, well known to conveyancor ;