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pension, sinecure, retired-allowance, and a vast majority; but the ALDERMEN dead-weight lists: they vote money to would not admit him, but took a man each other to defray the expenses of who had got only a few votes, and the their suinmer excursions. A few years crew of Common Council approved of ago they spent six hundred pounds on a what the ALDERMÈN had done ; and water party up the THAMES to OXFORD ; there are the people of PortsOKEN and, in that same year, they gave one WARD represented by a man whom they hundred pounds to all the widows of have not chosen, while this brazen cors freemen in the city ; they have lately poration has the audacity to rail against established a Bourbon-like police. As rotten boroughs, and to present the an instance of their fiscal oppressions, freedom of the City to Mr. Attwood, they made me pay nearly thirty pounds upon the ground of his being a “disa in order to be permitted to keep a shop tinguished reformer;" and there is Mr. in the City; and, it being their duty to Artwood with folly or meanness suffurnish bread to the prisoners in New- ficient to induce him to receive the gate, they were so much in arrear to " honour” at their hands! As if it had the baker that he refused to send any been resolved that nothing should be more bread without the money, when, wanting to make the thing complete, at that very time, they expended nearly “ CHARLEY” was chosen to make the thirty thousand pounds of our money, motion for conferring the honour, and in a feast given to this very Welling the motion was seconded by Figgins, rox and the Holy Allies ; aye, to this the printers'-tinker. The report tells very WELLING'ron against whom this us, that Mr. Arrwood said, upon this Birmingham Council now calls upon occasion, that, “ Though he could meet the nation to sign a solemn declaration ! " danger unmoved, he never had his Their fiscal exactions, for which they “ nerves so much shaken as they had been obtain Acts of Parliament, are absolute " at receiving the freedom of the City !!* ly without end. What I pay to the Faith ; it might well shake his nerves, Government is a trifle compared with when he saw CHARLEY and Figgins what they compel me to pay. I now stand before him; and especially when have demanded of me enormous rates he considered that he was about to for an old church (which has been receivesomething that they had touched; pulled down); and rates equally en- the very thought of it makes my nerves. ormous for a new church, which is not shake; and I will bet Mr. Artwood yet built ; so that I have two church- just what he likes, that he does not find, rates to pay and no church to go to. between TEMPLE-BAR and BISHOPSGATE, And this is the body of persons, to relone single shopkeeper who would not ceive the “ freedom” from whom Mr. run like a scalded cat and hide himself ATTWOOD says, he thinks it is an honour. under his counter, if he were in danger 1, then, had, like Malvolio in the play, of being exposed to endure what Mr. “honour thrusted upon me;" for these ATTWOOD deemed such an honour. fellows made me pay them thirty pounds The thing for us to observe is, how.. in order to be peripitted to keep a shop; ever, that this is a crew of hangers-on and this money it is notorious that they of the Ministry. They depend upon divide amongst them. With regard to the breath of every Ministry; for, if they their politicul principles, their attach- were to displease the Ministry, there ment to the rights of the people, what would soon be an end of their power of need have we of anything more than taxing us, and of their making of loans. their monstrous conduct with regard to If WELLINGTon had remained in for a Mr. Scales and the people of Purr- fortnight they would have been on his BOKEN WAR)? By the laws and usages side. Of everything that is disgusting of the City, the ALDERMAN of a ward is we had a specimen upon this occasion. to be elected by the people of the ward, Two of the deputies from MANCHESTER that is to say, by the freemen of the appear to have crept into the society of ward. Mr. Scales was so elected by Cuarley and the Lord Mayor, under the skirts of the grand deputation from to prove, that. the kingly government BIRMINGHAM. One of those deputies would be safer without these taxes than (Mr. Joux FieldEN) returned home im with them. We have not called for remediately as soon as the duties of his form for the purpose of gratifying a mission had been performed. Whether theoretical whim; but for the purpose Mr. SHUTTLEWORTH were present at'of obtaining solid good ; for the purpose this "feast of reason," I do not know; of relieving ourselves from the ruin and but our prime Lord Mayor, in toasting misery in which we are steeped ; and, the reformers of MancheSTER, put Mr. unless it produce these consequences, RICHARD POTTER at their head, recollect it will make our condition worse than ing, perhaps, that“Dick was eloqucnter,” it was before; because, to all the This was of a piece with all the rest ; present evils, will be added the great, for this Mr. POTTER is no more at the evil of disappointed hope. We hope, head of the reformers at MANCHESTER, therefore, now to consider of the means, than CHARLEY is at the head of the re- which we ourselves ought to make formers in London. All was false froin use of, in order to secure this great the beginning to the end; all a mi- end. nisterial trick played off by their several sets of tools. A trick, however,
IV. On the Surt of Men who ought to, which would have been wholly un
be chosen, and on the Pledges which worthy of all this notice from me, were
they ought to give before they be it not calculated as well as intended to
chosen. deceive the people at large, and to make It is very much to be feared, that the them submit in silence, while they were habit of looking up to men, of rank and cheated out of the fruits of reform. I wealth will still prevail in the selecting 'am not bound to endeavour to undeceive of meinbers of Parliament, and, if it preanybody but my own readers. To un- vail to any very great extent, the reform deceive them was my duty; and from a will produceno good effect, and the misesense of that duty I have bestowed these ries of the people will finally produce a remarks upon the conduct of persons, I general convulsion and total revolution. the far greater part of whom I should When an elector observes, that it is neotherwise have deemed wholly unworthy cessary to have some man of station or of attention.
wealth, something like the following
dialogue would take place between him III. Or the Measures which we want to
and me. have adopted.
Cobbett. Why do you want a man We want so many things, that a par- of rank or of wealth? ticular description of each would fill a Elector. Because he is more likely volume; but the substance may be de- to be a clever man and to understand scribed in four words : CHEAP GOVERN.. such matters, on account of the supe. MENT and CHEAP RELIGION. These are rior education which he has had. what we want : and these we will have, COBBETT. Is the country in a state of in spite of the Whigs and the city- ruin, inisery, and crime; is it not loaded jobbers. In order to have these, the with an irredeemable debt?. taxes aod the tithes must be taken off: Elector. Yes, certainly all the latter and a very large part of COBBETT. Have we not been go. the foriner. In short, all the internal verned entirely by men of rank and of taxes and the Corn Bill may be abo- / wealth ? lished; because when the internal taxes ElecroR. Yes, we certainly have. were taken, oil, we could raise corn COBBETT, What reason have you to cheaper than any country in the world. suppose then, that the same sort of men I have not time now to enter into the are the only men capable of putting matter fully; but I am at all times ready things to rights; and do you believe to prove, that we stand in need of none that any thousand men, caught by the of these taxes. I am at all tiines ready leys by straining a string across the
road, could have managed their matters 2. Will you do the like with regard worse than to have made the existence to the Corn Bill ? of themselves and the government 3. Will you do the like for an abolidepend upon the imaginary value of tion of tithes ? little bits of thin paper ?
4. Will you do the like with regard ELECTOR. Why, that is very true, to to the assessed taxes ? be sure ; but if a man have not a great i 5. Will you do the like with regard stake in the country, how are you to de- to the stamp taxes of every description ? pend upon his doing right?
| There are many other things which a COBBETT. As to stake, in answer to member of Parliament ought to do. such an observation, old TIERNEY once Here, however, night be enough to be. remarked, that stakes of this sort gene- gin with ; and if a candidate refused to rally belonged to the public hedge. But, answer all these questions in the affirmdo you think that the Americans have ative, and to put his name to them, I got a good government; do you think should deem that man a traitor to his that their laws are wise and good ; do country who would give him a vote. you think that their affairs are managed by able men ?
ELECTOR. Yes; I wish to God ours may be as well managed; for see how
COBBETT-CORN. great and powerful that country has become; and see how happy the people. This has been a fine season for plantare, under the sway of the Congress. ing the corn, which is now generally up.
COBBETT. Very well, then, that set-1 I was unable to find a little farm to suit tles the point ; for there is no pecuniary me, so as to be able to plant the corn qualification whatever for a member of this year, in order to raise a hundred Congress : very poor men are very fre-quarters according to my wish; but I quently chosen, and very rich men never. found a friend more than a hundred There have been seven PRESIDENTS : miles distant from London, who had a two of them have died insolvent, and field of nine acres, which he was willing were insolvent at the time they were to plant. I intended to go myself to
superintend the planting of this field; A foolish man may be in favour ofand 1 appointed to be on the spot on the men of rank and wealth before he hears 6th of May, the ground having been this dialogue : but it is only a roguish previously prepared. But, on the 25th one who can persevere in such a choice
of April, seeing the political storm that. after he has heard it. The man to choose
was gathering, I determined on remainis, in the first place, a man that has no
ing in London, and on sending a man very great regard for riches. Industry, CO
down to do the business in my stead. sobriety, moderation in his expenses, no
On the very day of LYNDHURST's mufondness for luxurious living; these are
tion' the corn was begun to be planted, qualities that electors ought to look and the planting was finished at the end after : and in addition to these. a good of four days. I have not heard of the store of knowledge. some talent, and coro being up; but I know that it is great resolution.
up; because I planted a small piece of With regard to the political princi
corn on the same days, the middle day ples of the man to be chosen, pledges of
of which was the 9th of May; and mine are the best vuarantee of good conduct . Jis up and looking beautifully well. and the pledges which I would put, to".
The readers of the Register will rea any man who asked me for my vote, are
are collect that, on the 24th of September these :
last, I published a challenge to the
Yankees in the following words :-To I. Will you make a motion, or sup- “ all the Yankees on the Face of the port a motion, for the repeal of the malt- " Earth.-I, William Cobbett, of Kentax, the hop-tax, and the soap-tax ? “ sington, old England, Irereby offer to
« bet any Yankee 100l., the conditions |“ of New York to put this into the * of which bet are as follows. First,“ American newspapers. Another con" that the said Yankee shall plant an“ dition is, that any one accepting the " acre of corn next spring in one piece, “ challenge must communicate that " and that I will plant an acre of corn “ fact, and declare the spot where the Win England; that the said Yankee shall “ acre of land is, to Mr. Woodward, “ have his acre standing and growing“ before the first day of May next; and * in some place within ten miles distance “ Mr. Woodward must be satisfied that " of the Court House of New York; " the party, if losing, will pay the 1001. ** that when he shall declare it to be " at once. * ripe, Dr. Mitchill of New York, his “ The umpire appointed to judge of "countryman, or in case of inability in “ my crop, must be one that Dr. Mitto him, Mr. John Tredwell of Long Is- " chill, Mr. Tredwell, or Mr. Woodward, * land, shall go and ascertain from the " will be answerable for in point of in" measuring of a square rod, impartially " tegrity.” "taken, how much corn he has stand- Bold fellow as JONATHAN is, he has "ing upon his acre, and that the said never accepted my challenge. But I " Yankee shall appoint one of his coun- find that my corn has been planted in to trymen residing in England to come AMERICA. So that my eldest son, who * in like manner, and take an account is really the author of all this corn affair, " of the aniount of my crop; that the appears destined to improve the agri" parties shall communicate to us seves culture of both his countries, being a * rally the amount of the crop in Ame- citizen of one by birth, and a naturalV rica, and the amount of the crop in born subject of the other by parentage. " England ; that if the American judge's I take the following from the “ New
account of the Yankee's crop exceeds York FARMER AND HORTICULTURAL " that of mine, Di. Mitchill or the other RerOSITORY” of the 17th of November “ judge shall draw upon ire for the 100l. last. The editor, having inserted the " through Mr. John Harris of New above challenge in his paper, then makes ** York, who will pay the bill; that if the following remarks :" the contrary be the result, the said Dr. / “ We give the above a place in our " Mitchill, or Mr. John Tredwell, shall “ columns, not to encourage betting, * see the 100l. paid to the said Mr. John" but as an article of intelligence. Mr. * Harris on my account.”
“ C. could scarcely have chosen, in this “ That there may be no dispute about “ State, a circle of ten miles radius in * big corn or little, and the difference " which there is less corn grown than " or amount of crop, or the difference “ around this, city. A gentleman in" there is in great corn or small corn in “ forms us that Mr. Woodward planted " filling the bushel, the question shall “ some of Mr. Cobbett's corn in his * be decided by weight of shelled cori, “ garden in Jay-street, in Brooklyn, " that is to say, a rod of ground shall “ Long Island, and found it to ripen " have the ears taken off, husked and “ much sooner than our common Indian ” shelled upon the spot, and then “ corn. Mr. Woodward is very positive " weighed, and the question be decided " that a crop of corn could be fully " by the weight.
" ripened, planted after the harvesting "Now I am perfectly serious in this “ of oats.” * challenge, and I do it to convince the I am sure that Mr. WOODWARD is * people of the United States that we right: aye, and after a crop of rye too; " can grow as good corn as they, and, and after a crop of Timothy-grass. “ even greater crops. They have always Here, then, is a benefit conferred upon " said to ine that corn was the only these Yankees! I taught them the * thing wanted to make England the value of Swedish turnips, mangel-wur* finest country in the world, and this zel, and cabbages, as cattle-food; I " is to convince then that we have got took them out a breed of beautiful
it. I desire Mr. George Woudward Sussex hog8; and my son has now given
them this corn ; so that they are amply bring a hushel of his corn to England paid for having afforded me shelter from after three years from next November. SIDMOUTH and CASTLEREAGH's dungeons. The nine acres that I have spoken of I and my son owe thelli nothing; and, above will settle this matter. when our country shall have got a good N.B. The Yankees do not seem to be and cheap government, we can, with alarmed lest their “ pigs should die ou clear consciences, recominend the paring lihc murran, or their peepul ov yaller of their nails, and the making of them ljanders." They seem to laugh at this bow to that power which, freed from FOOL-Liar stuff, as the people of Long,
claim and enforce her dominion of ths seas. No American that ever conversed
LECTURES. with me upon this subject will deny, I that I always said, that I should never Ar the request of the Union of the die in peace without making then again Working Classes, I gave a Lecture at bow to England; and that bow to her their place of meeting, in Theobald'sagain they should, whenever we shook road, Red-Lion-square, on Tuesday off the power of the bellish borough- evening, the 29th instant; and I promongers. They know this 100; and pose to do the same on Tuesday next, hence those AMERICAN pamphlets against the 5th of June. On Monday, The 4th our reforın which the base vagabonds ofl of June, I am to be at Deptford, or the Quarterly Review have so liberally Greenwich, for the same purpose ; and quoted, and which wise BoscawEX I propose to be at Chichester in about quoted in the House of Lords ! Pretty ten days, in my way to the Isle Of stuff, then, is the talk about the liberties Wigur, at last! We must all put our of mankind! English kind is quite shoulders heartily to the wheel now, for enough for me, including Scotc and fear (to use the words of the LIAR) Irish in the word English. I like the the factions should be " a deluden ov Americans exceedingly: between my the peepul." friends here and my friends there, it would be very painful for me to state a preference. But, England is my coun
PAPER-MONEY. try : I must share in all her glory and in all her disgrace; and when it is a I Take the following from the Courier question of her honour and well-beings, newspaper of the 29th of May. I have I must cast aside all private recollections not room, nor have I the disposition, to and feelings. From this sentiment it comment upon it at present. My readwas that I always resolutely declined ers will see that the object of it is to becoming a citizen of the United States ; produce another issue of one-poundand that I also as resolutely declined notes. I offer no opinion as to whether being introduced to any person belong the wise men will do this or not. If they ing to the governinent of sinerica. openly express their design to do it, I While love of my own country inade shall then tell my readers what the conme rejoice at their triumphs over the sequences will be ; and, in the meanboroughmongers, I always said, that if while, I advise my readers TO GET we were delivered froin them, I never ALL THE GOLD THAT THEY would rest until I saw the Americans CAN, and to keep it in gold till they see acknowledge, explicitly our right to do the issue. In estimating the degree of minion on the seas. I wish them all importance to be attached to the article the happiness that men can enjoy in this which here follows, let my readers obworld; but a nation may be very happy serve, that this Courier newspaper is as without being permitted to swagger much a tool in the hands of the Minisabout and be saucy to England. ters as a dirty mop with whicii a maid
With regard to CORN, c'en est fait, as cleans down the doorway is a tool in the French say. Never will Jonathan her hands. If they had a mind that it