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Judge, then, honest and manly reformers of for any freehold estate, whether for life or in Great Britain, of the grief and indignation fee. This franchise does not require actual with which your equally honest and deter- occupation by the freeholder. mined brother reformers of Ireland receive the 4. The franchise of similar value to copyStanley Reform Bill, the operativu of which is, holders. This franchise is, for the first time, not tu augment, but still further tu diminish, given by the English Reform Bill, aud introthe number of our county voters.
duces a numerous class of new voters. Reflect on this, which is the literal and plain! 5. The original lessee or the assiguee of a fact, that the Torins contrived, under the term originally of at least sixty years, of the shadow of the Catholic Relief Bill, to render clear yearly value of 101. This is a new franas oligarchical, as slose, and of course as chise, and does not require actual occupation. corrupt as they possibly could, all the Irish 6. The original lessee, or the assignee of a counties—and that the only county reform to term originally of at least twenty years, of the be given us by Stavley is, to inake those clear yearly value of 501. This is a new francounties more oligarchical, more close, aud chise, and does not require aciual occupation. therefore more liable to corruption.
7. The sub-lessee, or assiguee of a sub-lease Let any one of you after this ask, why is of a term not less, originally, than sixty years, Ireland disconteuted? Why is Ireland dis- with a clear profit of 101. This is a new franturbed ? Alas! do you not perceive the princi- chise, but requires actual occupation. It is ple on which Whigs and Turies, with indis- the first francliise in England, wbich is eu. criminate recklessness, goveru Ireland?-The cumbered by the necessity of actual occuprinciple of never doing us, in any instance, pation. justice, lest we should become so sirong as to 8. The sub-lessee, or assignee of a subbe able to put au end to our other oppressions. lease of a term not less, originally, than
What I assert and insist on is, that the twenty years, of the clear annual value of 501. Irish Reform Bill ought to augineut the This is a new franchise, but it requires actual franchise aud increase the number of voters in occupation. our counties, as the English and Scotch Re-i 9. Any tenant whatsoever, liable to a bona. form Bilis have augmented the one and in- fide rent of 501. a year. This is a new francreased the other. It would be unjust to chise and requires actual occupation. Jeave us stativuary when the other parts of Such is to be the state of the elective fran. the empire increase the quantity of humau chise in Eogland. It consists altogether of freedom. It is doubly unjust to leave us niue different classes of voters, and is an aug. stationary while we are suffering under a mentation of former rights by no less than recent and most iniquitous diminution of our seven classes, and some of those classes are frauchises, and when there is an increase in multitudinons in their nature, that is, capathe other divisions of the empire. But it ble of giving rights of roting to many indivi. transcends in injustice when the other parts of viduals oat of one property. How melancholy the empire are acgmented in franchise, to have and miserable is the coutrast which the state an actual diminution take place in Ireland. of Ireland is destined to afford !
No country in the world was ever treated so In Ireland we are to bave but four classes of badly by an unnative government as Irelaud voters. has been by the Goverument of England. 1 1. The existing one, a freehold of 101. clear could demonstrate that Poland had never so annual value. This franchise requires actual much reason to complain of Russia, nor occupativn. Greece of the Turks--but I confess that the 2. The existing right of freehold or 201. clear conduct of this reforming administration to-annual value. This dbes not require actual wards Ireland fills ine with more of resentment | uccupation. than all the past.
1 3. The lessee, or assiguee of a term of ori. Reformers of Great Britain, you have no giually not less than 14 years, of the clear interest in Ireland's being ill-governed. On yearly value of 201. This is a new frauchise, the contrary, your interest is that we should and does nut require actual occupation. be well-governed and prosperous. I therefore, 4. The sub-lessee, or assignee of a subbut much more readily, relying on your gener-lease of a term of not less, originally, than 14 ous sympathies, appeal to you from the injus. years, of the clear annual value of 201. This tice and insult now offered us.
is a new franchise, and requires actual occu• Recollect that there will be, by your Reformation. Bill, the following rights of suffrage-the These are all and thus England has, at following franchises established in England :- present, two frauchises, and acquires by the
1. The franchise of 40s. freeholders for life, Reform Bill, seven additional franchises. Treor lives. This frauchise does not require oc- land has at present two franchises, and accupation of the freehold by the freeholder, but quires by the Reform Bill, only two more. it expires with the present race of possessors." England, a rich country, has two franchises
2. The franchise of 40s. freeholders in fee- of 40s., multitudinous in their nature, and not simple. This franchise is to continue iu requiring actual occupation. Four franchises England, and does not require actual occu- of 101., one only of which requires actual ocpation.
cupation; besides two franchises of 50l. an. 3. The franchise of 101, clear yearly value nual value, one oply of which requires actual
occupation; and one frauchise of mere pay- | form Bill was in danger, we flung overboard ment of 501. a year rent.
our own grievances and our just reseutmeuts Mark the contrast with Ireland Ireland, a -vay, more-had Wellington found any set poor country, has no 40s. franchise, has only of men mad enough to join him, in attempting one 101. franchise, and even that franchise re- to govern the country to the exclusion of Earl quires actual occupation, Ireland has, theu, Grey, and had a resort been made to Polignac but three franchises of the enormous value ordinances instead of acts of Parliament, you to us of 201. annual value, and one of these would have found your constitutional liberties three requires actual occupation.
supported by one million of Irishmeu in arms To put this matter in a still more clear point true to your sacred cause to the last of their of view- Let me take in England a single es- blood and their breath. British reformers, tate worth 501. a year, and in the hands of an do not we deserve your peaceable but deteroccupying tenant who pays that rent for it. mined assistance to compel the administration Now such a property as that could, in England, and to induce tbe Parliament to give us a qualify po less than twenty-six persons to vote, Reform Bill equally satisfactory with that of wbile in Irelaud such a property could not England or of Scotland ? possibly qualify more than three persons to
I have the honour to be, vote.
your faithful servant, Thus, then, the Euglish are to have the ad.
DANIEL O'CONNELL. vantage, and I heartily rejuice at it, of seven new.classes of voters-of nine classes in all ; Ireland is to have but four classes - two only being new classes ; that is, in uew classes the PALMERSTON, English Bill is to the Irish as seveu to two; in classes generally, as mine to four. But this And on broad-faced, dead-weight TORapproximation in the general classes is proved RENS, proprietor of the Globe news. to be quite delusive, when you recollect that, in point of valued property, England has had
paper. Taken from Dr. Black of advantages equal io twenty-six against three,
30th of May. or more than eight to one.
Thus, in new franchise, the English bill is The Globe appears thoroughly inocuseven to two better than the Irish. Iu popular lated with the kind interest taken by character, as arising from property, it is more Lord PALMERSTON in the fortunes of our than eight, very nearly nine to one, better for dinlomatists and to share all his than the Irish bill; and let it always be recollected, that this difference is enorpiously confidingness in their zeal in behalf of a aggravated by the fact, that Ireland is beyoud Whig Ministry. We are told of the comparison the less wealthy country. great sacrifice of time and money at
Let me not be misunderstood—I do not in which our diplomatic functionaries are the least, desire to diiniuish the advantages which England possesses. On the contrary,
trained to diplomacy as a profession, I say it with the utmost sincerity, my ardent and of the inadequate remuneration desire would be to augment these advantages. which in many cases the utmost adI am a radical reformer, and on principle
vancement affords for such sacrifices. thiuk every Englishman ought to have a right to vote. I quote, therefore, the advantages
We are also reminded that the indiviof the English Reform Bill-and they are very duals alluded to are almost universally great-only to show how defectively the Irisli persons of the highest station and most bill is, as 'I firmly believe, wilfully and de- lunexceptionable character, and taunt: sigoedly made. . This letter bas run into such length, that I
ingly asked if we think it likely that must pause and reserve the residue of this my these should be persons who would disfirst complaint for another letter.
grace themselves, and blast their proI have hitherto confined iny attention to spects, for the mere purpose of gratifyshow the necessity that exists to augment the number of voters in our counties, and to prove
ing their political predilections. With that no sensible augmentation can take place respect to blasting their prospects, we under the Irish Reform Bill. I have shown may admit, without difficulty, that they the, to us, insulting coutrast of the increase of I will not do what they believe will blast franchises and of voters given to England. In
their prospects. But then we must my next letter I will prove, that the practically effect of the Irish bill will be to diminish the know what their prospects are, and number of voters, although au increase is so whether their prospects exactly lie in imperatively required by every principle of the same direction with the prospects justice and common sense.
The Tories are Reformers of Great Britain, recollect that of a whig Ministry. we have honestly and zealously stood by you certainly greatly indebted to Lord Palin the contest for reform. Wheu your Re- MERSTON for the kind consideration
which he has for the sacrifices of time the same confidence may not be reposed and money which they have made in in a Tory government. qualifying themselves for the ill-requited But we contend that the heads of profession of diplomacy. But the public a government are not entitled, in the are entitled to ask what national advan- disposal of the patronage of a nation, to tage is obtained by the employment of bestow it on their opponents. They this numerous army of persons of high, thereby impair their means of conductstation at the Courts of Europe, great ing the government with due energy and small, at all equivalent to the enor- and vigour. If it be necessary to exmous expenditure entailed thereby on pend the revenues of the uation in the the nation. We had thought that, maintenance of a diplomatic establishunder a Whig Ministry, the only con- ment at the court of every petty state of sideration was to be the public good, Germany, Italy, &c., this money ought and not the finding places for Tories of to be chiefly given to those who support high station. In all professions a train the Ministry. Why are Whigs and ing is necessary, and often an expensive reformers to be called on to make all training; but how many physicians, the sacrifices, while they see all the lawyers, and other professional men, do rewards bestowed on their opponents? not succeed after all this training! Aud! We do not mean to contend that a why is the country to be sadulled for Tory will in all cases abuse the conever with the maintenance of all those fidence reposed in him by a Whig gopersons of high state, who have betaken vernment; but, on the other hand, the themselves to diplomacy ?
doctrine of Lord PalmERSTON, that men Lord PALMERSTON's principles, as ex- of high station will not allow their pounded in The Globe, seem to be that abstract opinions to influence their cona government is best carried on by the duct while serving under a government instruinentality of those who, in opinion, acting on a system of which they disare opposed to it. We are to have Tory approve, may be carried a great deal too lord lieutenants and Tory magistrates; far. We have seen how anxiously. Lord the army is to be entrusted to Tories-- ABERDEEN, the Duke of WELLINGTON, the diplomacy is to be entrusted to &c. laboured to involve this country Tories. We must not fasten a stigma with France, and to impede the settleupon the British character, “by pro- ment of the affairs of the Netherlands, claiming to every nation of Europe, Portugal, &c. Are we sure that the abthat an English gentleman is not fit to stract opinions of the Tory diplomatists be trusted—that his official integrity may not occasionally induce them, ia depends upon his political opinions, and gratitude to those to whom they owe that his duty to his country ranks, in his their appointments, to furnish them with estimation, only after his obligations to information calculated to further their his party.” But why be so anxious for views ? Besides, supposing no downparliamentary reform, if it be so neces- right treachery of this kind, political opisary, for the sake of the British cha- nions, if heartily embraced, are seldom racter, to repose blind confidence in so abstract as to be without their inTory gentlemen of high station ? The fluence in practice in the mode of servHouse of Commons has generally con- ing a cause. Do we not know that the sisted of gentlemen of good station, dislike of the Tories to reform and imwho, notwithstanding, continued to provement is not confined to this counabuse the trust, to their own advantage; try ?--that they are opposed to the cause and the conviction that men of the best of civil and religious liberty all over the character are not to be blindly trusted world? Can these men exert themselves in such a case, has led to the general cordially in furthering that cause ? Are desire for reform. If, as Lord PALMER- they so far, too, inasters of themselves, Ston's advocate contends, the utmost that they never at the Courts at which confidence ought to be reposed in Tory they are stationed give expression to the functionaries, the public may ask, why hopes they entertain that their friends
will regain power? If they have this Tuesday, May 29, 1832..
BANKRUPTS. offices at home are filled, who, under ATKINS, J., Oxford, cabinet-maker. the very nose of Ministers, make no sethe very nose of Ministers make no se COMPTON, H., Battersea, coach-proprietor.
ELLIOT, J. F., Cateatop-street, chemist. cret of their dislike of them, and act as (GIBBON, M., West Peckham, Kent, grocer. if they were not accountable to them. GRABURN, J. U., Filey, Yorkshire, lime
We repeat, all this kindness and con | burger. sideration for the Tory gentlemen in the
HALL, R., Kirby Moorside, Yorkshire, inn
keeper. diplomatic corps may obtain for Lord
HARRIS, W.W., Bristol, victualler. PALMERSTOn the praise of great libe HUDSON, T., Northbrook, Surrey, catilerality from his opponents, but it is not I salesman. calculated to benefit his Government or
LUNT, T., Chester and Woodside, builder.
MARK, R., Southampton-buildings, Chanceryto satisfy the country.
THOMAS, R., Gelly-gare, Glamorganshire, FRIDAY, MAY 25, 1832.
WESTON,J., Barge-yard, Bucklersbury, wineINSOLVENT.
WICKWAR, W. and J., Bagnor-mills, Berks, LUNN, W., St. Mary-at-Hill, slopseller.
WILLIAMSON,T.W., Lothbury, cluth-factor. BANKRUPTCY SUPERSEDED. EASTWOOD, W., Waterloo-rd., linen-draper. SCOTCH SEQUESTRATIONS.
FALCONER, H., Ediuburgh, hotel-keeper. BANKRUPTS.
FERRIE, T. B., Edinburgh, insurance-broker. BATTERSLY, H. and C., Hindley; Lanca. HUNTER, J., Glasgow, manufacturer. sbire, cotton-spinners.
MʻALLEY, J., Glasgow, soap-maker.
| MARK-LANE, CORN-ExcHANGE, MÁY 28. HARGRAVE, H., Hull, straw-bat- manufact. Our supplies have been good, since this day HARLING, J. and Z., Brixtop-road, hakers. se'pnight, of Euglish, Scotch, Irishi, and JOYNSON, T., West Wycomb, Bucks, lace. foreigu wheat and four, as also of English and dealer.
| Scotch mali, English beans, aud English, LAWS, J., Great Yarmouth, linen-draper. Trish, and Scotch oats: of barley, peas, and LIVERSEDGE, K., Primrose-bill, Yorkshire, seeds, from all quarters, but limited clothier.
This day's market was rather numerously MITCHELL, T., Strand, hosier.
attended, both hy London and country buyers; MOULD, H., Chertsey, Surrey, grocer. but, as the sellers were stiff to their last week's THOMPSON, R., Oid-street, St. Luke's, position, the trade was throughout exceedingly dealer in hardware.
dull: with wheat, vats, and barley, though a THORP, T. D., Manchester, linen-draper. few small parcels of the first description of WARD, T., Colchester, inpkeeper.
each was said to have supported their last WILSON, J., Toothill, Yorkshire, blanket-week's currency, generally speaking, at a demanufacturer.
pression of from Is. to 2s. per quarter ; with WORTHY, J. M., Exeter, and J. D. Worthy, rye, beans, peas, and inalt, at last Monday's . · St. Thomas the Apostle, Devon, gensral quotations. Flour, as the buyers of it seemed merchants.
determined to keep off, was expected to fall 58.
per sack. In seeds but exceedingly little was
Just published, price 5s. doing, and even that, for the most part, ou
THE RIGHTS OF NATIONS; being a speculation for the autumnal seeding, at cuu
.L Treatise of Representative Goverument, siderable reduced prices.
Despotism, and Reform : in wbich Political
Institutions are deduced from Philosophical ........ 51s. to 65s.
| Principles. With a highly-fiuished Likeness Rye ...................... 315. to 33s. Barley .............
24s. to 28.
I of Jereiny Bentham, and various other Illusfine.......... ...... 33s. to 36s.
By the same Author,
35s. to 335.
THE REFORMER'S CATECHISM ; in Grey ..............
31s, tu 346. | which the principles of " The Rights of NaBeans, Old ................
34s, to 36s. tions” are reduced to Question and Answer, Tick ..............
33s. to 37s.
Price Is. 6d. . Oats, Potatue .............
255. to 27s. THE PEOPLE'S CHARTER; a condensed Poland ..............
23s. to 25s. View of the great principles of Representative - Feed ................
... 18s. to 24s. Government and of Reform. With an latroFlour, per sack ............ 55s. to 60s. duction on the King's Conduct. Price 3d.
John Brooks, 421, Oxford-street. PROVISIONS. Bacon, Middles, new, 44s. to 49s. per cwt.
- Sides, new...48s, tu 52s. Pork, India, New.... 130$. Ud. to s.
TO WORKING MEN! Pork, Mess, new ... 75s. Id. to -S. per barl.
M R. COBBETT will deliver a Second Butter, Belfast ....80s. to -s, per cwt.
11 LECTURE on Passing Events, in the Carlow .....70s. to 80s.
INSTITUTION, Theobald's-road, on Tuesday
Evening next, June 5, 1832.-Menibers of the
National Uniou, 3d. each. To the public, Gd.
Doors open at Seveu o'Clock. Lecture
to commence at Eight.
Gouda ...... 48s. to 50s.
CHEAP CLOTHING!! SWAIN AND CO., Tailors, &c.,
93, FLEET-STREET, SMITHFIELD.-May 28.
(Near the new opening to St. Bride's Church,) This day's supply of beasts, sheep, and D EQUEST the attention of tbe public to calves, was moderately good; of lambs and 1 the following list of prices for cash porkers, rather limited. The trade was only) which they charge for : ihroughout dull, with lamb and veal at au Gentlemeu's Dress Coats of Medley I. s. d. advauce of 2d. per stone; with beef, mutton, Colours......................... purk, at Friday's prices.
Ditto, vitto, Best Saxony Cloth.... Beasts, 2,243 ; sheep and lambs, 17,930 ; Saxony Kerseymere Trousers........ calves, 178; pigs, 150.
Ditto ditto Waistcoats.......
Ladies' Habits aud Pelisses, and every de-
scription of Clothing for young gentlemen, The arrivals this week are moderate. The
equally cheap. The whole made fronı goods
of the finest quality, and the cut aud WORK. market very dull at Monday's prices.
MANSHIP not to be surpassed.
I recommend Messrs. Swain and Co. as very good and punctual tradesnien,
whom I have long employed with great THE FUNDS.
WM. COBBETT. 3 per Cent. Fri. Sat. Mon. Tues. Wed. Thur.
Printed by William Cobhett, Johnson's-court; and published by him, at II, Bolt-court, Fleet-street.