« 前へ次へ »
“ of the golden opportunity of this grand
" the King. was at St. James's, which THE KING.
“ was naturally considered as an indica
* tion of his intention to go down to The royal assent will, it appears, be " Parliament in person this day; and a given to the Reform Bill this day, " report was current, that the royal Thursday, the 7th of June; a day that " equipages were prepared for the joywill be memorable in the annals of " ous event. His Majesty, however, England. The morning papers tell us, “ took his departure last night for that the assent is to be given by com 66 Windsor, and with feelings of deep mission, and NOT BY THE KING IN “regret we deem it to be our duty to
PERSON! Well; it is his affair, not 's allay the public anxiety and certain * mine. If there be consequences attend-“ disappointment by this previous comcing this, the consequences are his, and " munication. Such a grievous decision
not those of the people. Some of the “ cannot, we are confident, bę attri| newspaper writers are very angry at “ buted to the cabinet; it must emanate
this : I am not: I was much more angry " from those despicable minions who when poor Joseph Mason, who had " have unhappily misled his Majesty, walked from the north of HAMPSHIRE " and who, for their own base party
to Brighton, to carry a most respectful “ purposes, endeavour to estrange him · petition to the King, was told by HER-" from the affections of the people.
BERT TAYLOR, that the King would not " The back-stairs intriguers--the mireceive it, and that he must carry it to " serable whisperers in the royal ear, are the Secretary of State in London ; aye," the responsible agents of this national and a vast deal more sorry was I when " disappointment; they have destroyed this JOSEPH MASON was, soon after-" themselves, and they now seek to in. wards, transported for life, for being 1“ volve the monarch in their own fall. amongst the rioters in Hampshire. My “ On their heads be the responsibility friend Dr. BLACK is very angry about " and consequences of the act. His this matter. “We communicate to the “ Majesty must be surrounded by dea « country, with deep and sincere grief, “ceivers and calumniators of the people; " the fact that his MAJESTY will not at-" his own natural impulses would other6 tend in person to give the royal assent " wise have gratified the ardent and " to the English Reform Bill. A mure " loyal hopes of his subjects.” “ unfortunate determination could not Come, come, Doctor, don't cry: dry “ have been imposed on the King, and up your tears; or, if you must shed “ it must have been instigated by cour- some, let it be for the husbandless " tier advisers surrounding the royal wives and fatherless children in Hamp. * person, actuated by a desire to sow shire, and Wiltshire; let it be for the “ jealousies between the Monarch and parents of poor Cook of Micheldever, “ his people. The utmost excitement who was hanged for striking Bingham “ pervaded this great metropolis the Baring, without doing him any bodily 6 whole of yesterday, from an anxiety harm. Never break your heart about " that his Majesty should avail himself these people, who have such a plenty of
palaces already, and who have another | Let us all, high blood and low blood, be of enormous size now building, at: ex-good-humoured now. in pense enough to frighten one to think. The closing debate was not without of. All is for the best, be you assured, interest ; especially that part of it which Doctor; and, though you are bathed in relates to the POLITICAL UNIONS. I tears on account of it, it is, perhaps, the shall first insert the debate, and then revery best thing that could have hap-i mark on it. pened. 1. WM COBBETT.
REFORM BILL. Earl Grey moved the order of the day for | the third reading of the Reform Bill.
The Earl of WinCHILSEA-Although be REFORM BILL.
was little disposed at present to trouble their · This bill is, at last, become a law by
Lordships with any observations of his, yet he the decision of the House of Lords on with a few words on this closing scene of the
could not help, trespassing on their patience the 4th instant, which is the anniversary tragedy which had been of late enacting in of the birth of GEORGE THE THIRD, 'of Parliainent. This night was that on which whom and whose 'acts I will say only the existence of this House as an independent this, that it was those acts which created
Het branch of the legislature depended. This
night the independence of that House would the true causes of this bill. The bill was be gone for ever, and those who were then passed in a House of 128 peers present present would witness the last act of its downAno proxies being presented), and there fal, It was a daring and atrocious policy were for it 106, and against it:22! Well
291 Wou, which had produced such a disastrous result.
| When he reflected on the height of prosperity, done, bucks! you have, at last, done
power, and glory, to which this country bad just what I said you would do ; namely, advanced under its old institutions and happy - oppose the bill, till every man in the constitution, which was pow to be sacrificed country had feelings towards you that
that at the shrine of ambition-when he considered
"the revolution which had formerly taken place need not be described ; and then, PASS I in France, and the crimes and calamities with IT, grinding your teeth all the while ! which it had been attended, and the military The Lords, who stuck to the stuff to despotism in which it had terminated when the last, were, as the report in the be reflected how the happy constitution of
7this country had withstood the storms and · Morning Chronicle states, the follow-tempests with which it had been assailed, and - ing:
that it had not only preserved itself, but had DUKES. .
· VISCOUNT assisted other countries in preserving their inNewcastle
. dependence when be reflected how tbat conBARONS, stitution had enabled the noble Duke (Wel
Rolle (Strathallan) lipgton), who was not now in his place, 'to elvKARLS. Doneraile si
place the British banners on the walls of Paris, . Westmoreland:!1 Bexley · ' " and to tear from his lofty seat the tyrant wbo Dartmouth v on Carriugton
. then afflicted Europe-when he reflected that Guilford , Ellenborough
this constitution was now humbled in the dust, 'Roden Mopson ·
he could not help feeling deeply the lamenta"Malmesbury . Delamere
ble change that was now about to be cousum· Mansfield is
mated. When the noble Earl now at the head Powlett.. . Willoughby de Broke of the administration entered on the situation Powis Grantley
which he now held, he supported his adminis. A queerish list! But no matier: these tration for a short time. He had though
highly of the talents, the firmness, and gene. · have no claim before any of those who
ral ability of the noble Earl ; and after the · voted against the secoND READING, or warm declarations that he had made of his
who voted in favour of Lyndhurst's sense of the dignity of that House, he never · MOTION ; all of whom stand upon exactly imayined that the poble Earl would do the same footing with these Wei anythiug that must necessarily lead to the
destruction of that House, and the downhere is the bill actually passed ; and dowofal of the constitution. (Hear. hear.) But there is the LORD CHIEF JUSTICE with he had been most lamentably disappointed. his reported vow, never to enter the He had been, indeed, strongly advised by his · House again! Come, come! my Lord : friends not to support it; and he deeply re
Igretted that he had not followed that advice, relax a little:
for if he had followed it, he would, at least, s. To make the vow was rash, to keep it sin," have been saved the pangs of repentance
which he pow felt for having supported the share in the proceeding; and the recollection noble Earl's administration, even for a short of what then took place, as well as what had time. (Hear, hear.) He called the attention occurred since, and what was now going for of the noble Earl tú a speech of an eminent ward, rendered him incapable of resisting the statesman now no more (Mr. Canving), and impulse under wbich he was arged to trouble if the noble Earl would peruse that speech, the House with a few words on the introduce and all tbe speeches of that statesman which tion of this measure, the means by which it had reference to this subject, he would see was carried, and the consequeuces that would bow much opposed the sentiments which per- probably eusue from it-consequences which vaded these speeches were to the measure with he had no doubt, the suble Earl opposite which the noble Earl had overwhelmed the con- would as deeply deplore as any member of stitution of this country, and insuredits down that House. "He had often stated, and he fal, it would be impossible for the noble would not refrain from repeating that asserEarl to avoid experiencing the deepest feelings tion, that the mere introduction of that of remorse, when in future times, which he measure struck the severest blow against the migbt live to witness, he saw this once happy independence of the hereditary branch of the country plunged into misery, to which it was legislature which it had ever sustained. When impossible but that the present bill must it was a second time introduced into the other eventually lead. The noble Earl, instead of House of Parliament, and a second time, relying upon the great good sense, the pro- adopted, the blow came with redoubled force : perty, honour, and intelligence of the nation, but be yet entertained a confident hope that had delivered himself over to the radical, revo- such amendments might have been introduced lutionary, and infidet spirit of the age. as, without trenching on the principles of the Come what inight, he and his noble Friends measure, might have rendered it compara. could not hut feel that they had discharged a tively ionoxious-such amendments as would solomn duty to the public, and they could not have enabled those who in that House strenudoubt that however remote the time might ously opposed it, to vote for the third reading be, yet a time would come and a feeling arise without inconsistency. For example, il when the sentiments and principles on which double representatives had been given to the they had acted would receive justice at the boroughs contained in schedule B, there would bands of the people of England. (Cheers.) still have been left a better chance for the
The LORD CHANCELLOR tben rose to put admission of men of unquestionable talent and the question that the bill be read a third time, character, who might be unwilling to face the when
trouble and expense of offering themselves to The Earl of HARROWBY addressed their large constituencies. All history bad proved Lordships. He remembered to have beard a that the most efficient and valuable members story, which he thought was somewhat appo- of the other House of Parliament were site on the present occasion. In a House of members of the class most ya willwg to preParliament in a sister country, a member ad. sent themselves to popular places. He had dressed some questions to the Goveroment of further flattered himself that the places in sche. the day, and receiving no answer, he sudden-dule C would have been left as originally ialy exclaimed “Am I addressing an Irish tended. He used the word intended, because he Senate, or a Turkish Divan-are we to be bore in mind the expressed intentions of the strangled by mutes ?" (Cheers.) He confessed promoters of tbe measure. And he likewise he was not prepared for such a manifestation expected that schedule D might have been alon the part of the noble Earl opposite, of the together dispensed with, as well as that some sense he eutertained of the depth of degrada- of the metropolitan districts might have been tion to which the House bad sunk. He was consolidated, so as to give iwo additional not prepared that the noble Earl should so members to Middlesex, and to give two repreplainly show bis sense of that degradatiou as sentatives to the agricultural districts of Lan. pot vouchsafe a reply. He could not but ad- cashire. Thus many of the painful consemire the courage of the puble Earl in leaving quences, the heats and animosities which arose such a speech as that whicb the House had from their being but single members to difjust heard, without an answer. For himself, lerent places might be avoided. He had not be found scarcely adequate language to con- himself at any time a very strong objection to vey to any one whom he might address upon the 101. franchise, provided the other parts of such a subject the intense disgust which he the bill were rendered unobjectionable ; felt at the present condition of that House though the noble Earl himself admitted that at the position in which it had been placed by the amount of that franchise did by no means the proceedings of the noble Earl and his col- form a principle of the bill., Still it might leagues; and be felt that he could hardly exo have been retained withvut drawing too plain to himself, still less make intelligible to largely on the consistency of those by want others, why he had so far surmounted those the bill was generally opposed, provided i feelings as to take a part in the conclusion of were to be regulated by the payment of taxes that sad dramama drama remarkable for a the valuation for the poor-rates, and residente large variety of plots. When its first act com-1-thus adopting the principle of the noble Esd menced, he certainly, from a paramount sense bimself, that of securing the most independent of duty, had been induced to take an active and respectable body of electors which the mi country could supply. . He should not trouble, bill as to make it what was asserted it would their Lordships with any further discussion on be-a mockery if sent down to the House of the principles or details of the measure, but Cominons in that state. So far from such a he would at least indulge himself by saying, probability at all existing, the bill would have that he had hoped they would have been gone down to them with a preamble not man allowed to discuss it in an independent House terially changed, and occupying the place of Lords; and he was the more led to enter which preambles usually did. They would tain that expectation from the speech of the find schedule A the first of the schedules, and poble Earl's which induced them to consent (not materially changed. They would find the to the second readipg of the bill. lo that greater part of the other schedules, occupying speech he repudiated in the most indignant similar situations to those in which they were terms the accusation made against him, of an originally placed, without their character attempt to dictate to that House. In that being in any great degree altered. lo fact the remarkable speech he declared, that the bill would not have undergone any changes phrase he used was misunderstood and mis- beyond what are frequent in the business of represented. He declared,- that whatever legislation in this country. It surely could be might be his opinion respecting the bill, the no matter of importance to the other House of decision rested with their Lordships; with Parliament if a motion were entertained and whatever urgency he might press the principle agreed to for the postponement of schedule A; of the bill upon them for adoption, the ar- of what importance could it possibly be to the rangemeut of details rested with the commit- House of Commons that one part of the bill tee of that House; but they could not shut was discussed and arranged before another, their eyes to this important truth that was provided the whole were returned to that conveyed to them that if they decided one House in such a condition as would not justify way, there was an end to their independence the assertion that it was essentially or funda. for ever. Certainly the noble Earl had stated mentally altered ? He believed he should be the extreme course which he proposed to fully borne out in the statement, that not pursue, unless a case of necessity arose. That above two or three noble Lords in that House case of necessity confessedly was a collision were adverse to the whole of schedule A, and, between the two Houses of Parliament. The therefore, he was warranted in assuming that noble Earl admitted from the commencement, the bill night have been returned to the that nothing could excuse, much less justify, Commons with its more important principles that extreme proceeding, except for the pur- unimpaired. If any one had asserted in his pose of preventing a hopeless collision between presence that the noble Earl would have asthe two Houses of Parliament, at a time wheu sumed that the circumstances which had taken the opinion of the people supported the one place did constitute that extreme necessity House against the other. There was one which would alone justify the course the noble expression of the noble Earl's which was to be Earl contemplated, he (Lord H.) would have found in that record of the proceedings, which repudiated such an imputation as a base members of Parliament have universally re- calumny upon the character of the noble Earl, sorted to whenever it became necessary to and he would have felt it to be his duty, in refer to former speeches, and with that record common justice, to bave vindicated the chabefore him he hesitated not to say that the racter of the noble Earl from such an aspersentiments imputed to the noble Earl were sion. As to the power which it had been said fully borne out by his words. If, however, had been given to the noble Earl, he would instead of resting upon that generally received not characterize the means by which it was record, he (Lord H.) depended upon his own obtained in those terms which his present recollection, he would say that it turnished thoughts suggested. He had no doubt that him with language much stronger than that eveu the present age, when it recovered its attributed to the noble Earl by the publication senses, would form a just estimate of those before him. He had a distinct remembrance means, and posterity, which never erred, of the assurance given to the House, that its would pronounce upon them a solemn judgindependence would not be violated without a ment. He would designate them as a party fresh appeal to the people distinctly resting mancuvre. But whatever language best be. upon the question of reform. Those were the fitted their character, it must be acknowledged means which the noble Earl proposed for pre- they had hitherto been attended with a tem. venting that species of collision between the porary, though he feared, a mischievous Houses of Parliament which alone was to success. He was not the man to envy that be apprehended, and which alone, upon the success. He could not envy the triumph showing of the noble Earl himself, justi- which enabled the Ministry to trample on the fied the alternative which he proposed. He Crown and the House of Lords, by fostering a would then ask their Lordships, did not the power which would soon trample upon them. statement and admission of the noble Earl (Loud cheers.) The noble Earl and he, from bind him to wait, for the purpose of seeing their common time of life, could not expect to whether the necessity would or would not witness the termination of that down hill proarise. It was a gross inisrepresentation to say gress to which this country was destined that noble Lords had at any time contemplated (cheers)--a progress which could never be aralterations which would have so altered the rested, otherwise than by Government taking
decided steps to suppress those associations which | advanced to this stage by any indirection or could coalesce with no regular or established by any party manceuvre, he would leave those order of things. The political unions had in a to judge who observed the course of bis and great measure achieved the work of reform; his colleagues' proceedings. He repeated, and they must be perfectly conscious that they that of all attacks which related to himself he could at any time accomplish objects as great felt the least anxious ; but if it were possible and not less mischievous. Not only would for him to feel less anxiety about one thing the Government of the noble Earl opposite than another, it would be to vindicate his find it necessary to suppress associations of that friends from the charge of being mutes. It nature, but be was unable to conceive the really was a novelty to hear it said that the formation of any government which could sus- constitution had been strangler! by mutes. tain itself agaiust them. (Cheers.) The mea-Without meaning anything uncivil to the sure was now, for the last time, brought under noble Earl, whose alienation he regretted, the consideration of their Lordships. The short as was their connexion, he must affirm whole responsibility, whether for good or evil, that no assertion could be made so utterly uprested with the Government by whom it was warranted by fact. He believed he could proposed, and he prayed that God would grant appeal to their Lordships to bear him out in them the wisdom and the prudence to rescue the assertion, that no topic of discussiou had the country from its consequences. He sin. been raised which had not been completely · cerely wished, though be scarcely expected, exhausted ; and if he did not reply to the voble that they might prove successful. But he Earl's (Winchilsea's) speech immediately, it looked much more to the people than to the arose from a feeling that he had 100 often, Ministers; he relied on the elastic power of and at too great length, trespassed on the ata that great good sense which had carried the tention of their Lordships. Looking back to people of England through so many dangers. the various debates that had taken place, he Let the Government, however, beware? They felt that it would be impossible for any one to had administered poisou, no doubt, to a strong contradict the assertion, that no one part of stomach; but however strong that stomach the measure had been imperfectly discussed. might be, if it were administered day by day, It was so long before their Lordships, all its and hour hy hour, it was not in humanity to principles and details had been so fully exresist its noxious power. Be the results, how- amined into, all its merits estimated, and its ever, what they might, the opponents of the bearings so viewed, that it became unnecesbill had the satisfaction of feeling they had sary for him to say one word, had it not been done their duty. (Cheers.)
for the speech they had just heard, which Earl Grer-In the state of health in which charged him with conduct inconsistent with he was, and at that stage of the bill, he hoped his duty as a peer and a servant of the Crown. he would have been spared the pain to him. The noble Earl seemed to have forgotten of self, and the trouble to their Lordships, of mistaken the declarations be had made in that addressing them at all. But after the speech House-declarations for which, when he of the noble Earl, he could not avoid standing uttered them, he expected to receive full credit up, not so much to vindicate the measure, as from the House and the country. Now, as at his colleagues and himself. (Cheers.) Were all times, he would support the institutions of the attacks personal to himself, he should the country, which had so much promoted the certainly not have occupied a moment of their glory and the prosperity of England. He was Lordships' time in the discussion ; but as they sincerely attached to them, and would ever involved the character of the Government, he continue to defend them. But, as Lord Bacon felt that neither in justice to the Sovereign or observed, Time was the greatest innovator; himself he could remain silent. He hoped and it was in vain, however attached he might that the House, as well as the posterity to be to those ancient institutions, to attempt which the noble Earl appealed, would acquit to resist that destroyer, before whom all huhim of any sinister views of an ill. regulated man institutions must ultimately yield. The ambition, and would give him credit for that constitution of Eugland might be beautiful in sincerity of motive of which he had at all theory and beneficial in practice; but abuses times felt perfectly conscious. · He trusted bad crept in, and the remedy could no longer that he should from every quarter receive be delayed. In that situation he found him. : credit for an earnest desire to introduce a self, and even if disposed, he was destitute of measure consistent with the ancient constitu- the power to resist a measure of reform. But tion of the country-a measure necessary to the inclination he never had : the opinions of remove the abuses which time had introduced, early life were confirmed by the experience of and, above all, rendered necessary, by the latter years. Entertaining such sentiments. prevailing alienation between the House of could he shrink from avowing and acting on Commons and their constituents, which de- | them? The noble Earl then proceeded to prived the former of the confidence of the detail the introduction of the hill, the princilatter. To remove those abuses, and to prevent ples on which it was founded its progress their continuance to meet that necessity
through the House of Lords; and strenuously which he did not create, he had introduced the urged on their Lordships the necessity of now measure on which their Lordships were that agreeing to the third reading. He denied that night finally to decide. Whether it had been she had ever used language which could justify