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King, or who receives a pension from the crown, tocracy, officers under the crown, or clergy of shall be capable of serving as a member of the established church, who, botwithstanding, the House of Commons." We complain that live on the fruit of our labour, often insult and potwithstanding a peace of sixteen years, we haughtily treat us ; so that Sir John Pollen, have a standing army of nearly 100,000 who is the present member for Andover, in men, fed and clothed out of the fruit of our the vicinity of which town we live, and a malabour; part of whichforce is kept to compel gistrate, did, at a meeting in that town, call us to pay the dreadful burdens heaped on our us “ poor devils;" and who, he said, “ had shoulders; we complain that, among this hardly a rag to cover them." We complain, force, is twice as many officers as is pecessary, that, notwithstanding the misery and halfsuch as geuerals, admirals, colonels, captains, starvation to which we are reduced, the law, &c., who receive immense salaries, and who, under severe imprisonment and heavy fine, chiefly, are in some way or other related to forbids us to take for our own use the wild the aristocracy; we complain that we never | birds and animals that inhabit the woods and had a voice in the legislature, though, by the fields, or the fish that swim in the water; law, we are all liable to serve as soldiers, and those being kept not for the service, but for shed our blood in the defence our country, in the sports of the rich. any war the legislature please to engage ; we That this unnatural state of things, this complain, that that property, commonly called misery, this wretchedness, this woe, this de church-property, is applied to very bad and gradation, this want, this half-starvation in a useless purposes, purposes which have ou land of plenty, proceed from a misrepresentaconcern whatever with religion; that whilst tion in that which ought to be the Cominons many poor clergy have scarce enough to House of Parliament, the members of which maintain the diguity of their calling, others are returned by the rich, contrary to the will bave four, five, six, and seven livings and of the people. That at the election for this places of profit; and whilst some of the bi- cuunty, held at Winchester in August last, shops bave revenues amounting to from tèn one of the members was returned against the to thirty, thirty-five, and 40,0001., annually; will of nineteen-twentieths of the county; a that potwithstanding these immense revenues, person in whom we have po confidence; who the bishops, and other rich men in the church, has, in all cases of importance to the poor, are often calling on us to “ subscribe libe- voted on the side of oppression, and who was rally" towards funds fur erecting and en obliged to leave the place of election in dislargiug churches and chapels, and for propa. guise for fear of the just-enraged people who gating the gospel in foreign parts. As to the had assembled. uselessness of this 'church-property, we would Having now laid our sufferings before your cite one instance; that in this parish of Bar- Majesty, and the fountain from whence they top Stacey, the great-tithes, which in most spring, we humbly implore and earnestly part are sold from the church, are worth nearly pray your Majesty to exercise your royal 1,0001. per annum, the small tithes 4501., and authority, so far as to cause a radical reform which belong to the Dean of Winchester. A in the Commons House of Parliament, Many curate is hired for about 1001. per annum, and projects have been made to this effect, even b who does duty twice on every Sabbath day; soine of its members, but on a principle calthat the 1.3501. between the money collected culated to yield us but little or no redress, and the curate's salary has no more concern showing partiality, and which has been prowith religion than the sturdy ox bas with the ceeded on with such coldness as to denote petty affairs of the bees; nearly half as much insincerity on the part of its projector. The as all the labourers in the parish earn, and mode of reform (sweet word) which your which is as much loss to the parish as though) Majesty's buinble petitioners would recomtaken and thrown into the sea; we complain mend as highly beneficial to the country at that trial by jury, so highly valued by our large, and to which no bonest, fair, and upright ancestors as to be deemed almost sacred, has man can object, is that of annual Parliaments, been, in many cases, abolished from our universal suffrage, and vote by ballot, but courts of justice, placing it in the power of above all we prize the ballot. Till this takes magistrates to imprison and otherwise punish place, we, your Majesty's bumblest of petitionus, and who are chiefly members of the aris. Iers, can never have the full enjoyment of our
hard-earned little'; not daring to look forward
Charles Leach for better days, for the least alleviation of our
John Romble miseries, or for the enjoyment of those bless.
Charles Marks ings wbich a merciful God has in profusion
William Rudun thrown round about us
Charles Newman Apd your petitioners, as in duty bound, will Stephen Newman ever pray.
William Rye ..
Stephen Grist, jun.
Charles Taylor Stephen Maton Joha Silcock Joseph Silcock Joseph Diddams John Bastia John Wheeler George Wheeler Peter Wheeler Richard Withers Thomas Baverstuck Emanuel Baverstock Ambrose Courtney John Courtney John Sackley Joseph Mason William Taylor William Sackley Edmund Sackley Samuel Sackley James Maton Henry Benham Henry Knoles Philip Parsuas Charles Anhal James Tarrant James Allen Charles Perry
Mr. Thomas Alexander
BARTON STACEY. James Diddams Charles Blackman Thomas Tatmage Henry Hunt Robert Anthony Thomas Beryman John Dore Charles Stubs James Ball John Joyne Joseph Beryman William Renolds William Mills John Mackmaster Nathaniel Panton George Dazel John Pape William Peopal James Wield George Cannon Isaac Farmer James Wheeler William Garger Thomas Pitters
When Joseph Mason arrived at Brighton, he went to the residence of the King, expecting, and justly expecting, to exercise his right « to petition the King!” In this only, he was in error ; that is, thinking the right existed, and was something real and not a sham. Instead of being permitted to petition the King, he was told, that which is contained in the following copy of a note sent to him by HERBERT TAYLOR, to help pay whose enormous salaries he had been working all his life-time.
Pavilion, Brighton, October, 21, 1830. Sir, I have received your letter of yesterday, inclosing the petition which you bave been deputed by certain persons belonging to the working and labouring classes of the parishes of Wonston, Bartou Stacey, and Bullington, near Winchester, to present to the King, and I beg to acquaint 'you, for the infor
mation of those who have signed this petition, Iu about a month after JOSEPR MAthat the Secretary of State for the Home De- son's failure to get his petition to the partment is the proper and official channel of hands of “ His must excellent Majesty," such communications to his Majesty. I there- those risings for increase of wages, fore return the petition to you, and I am, Sir, which had begun in East-KENT, had Your obedient servant, extended themselves into HAMPSHIRE,
H. TAYLOR. and they finally reached the parishes, in Mr. Joseph Mason, Bullington, Hants.
about the centre of which lies the hamlet of Surton ScotNEY. Of the part
which this petition-carrier took in these To come to London, and then to go risings, I shall have to speak by-and-by; home, was another hundred and twenty but first let us see who and what he was.' miles, or thereabouts. He, therefore, went His parents had, for generations, been to a gentleman at Brighton, whom he labourers ; he was born in one of these knew to have been born and brought up parishes. He had a brother whose at WINCHESTER, gave him the petition, name is ROBERT, who was not married. and the insolent note of HERBERT JOSEPH was married and had one child. Taylor, in order that the former might They lived in the parish of BULLINGTON be sent to the Secretary of State. This with their mother, who had been a gentleman sent the two papers to his widow a good many years, and who brother, who lives in London, and he found, in the great and skilful labour of brought the papers to me, to know how her sons, in their rare sobriety, in their he was to get them to PEEL. After great industry and excellent moral looking at the papers, and hearing the character, safe protection from want, whole story, I said, “ Give me the peti- from all need of parochial relief, and “ tion : let it not be disgraced by being from all those miseries which are the “ hawked about in that manner: a time lot of mothers who haye children of a “ will yet come when Englishmen may different description. Besides the work “ petition "something other than HKR. which these two young men did for the “ BERT Taylor and Peel.” When farmers in the neighbourhood, they Joseph Mason was drawing up this rented a piece of ground, consisting of sensible petition, and when he was about three acres, and a half, which they tramping a hundred and twenty miles cultivated mornings and evenings, and on the business of presenting it, he little at times when they had no other work. thought of that condemnation to death, They kept a cow, fatted a pig or two, and that transportation and slavery for and therefore as there was but one life, to which he was to be sentenced in child in the family they were a great deal about two months from the day on better off than the labourers in general. which he presented himself at the Therefore it was not mere hunger that palace of “ the King's most excellent induced them to take a part in the risMajesty " at Brighton ! He little ings. They were induced, even if thought, that being one of a crowd who voluntary, to do it from a sense of duty extorted a few shillings from a farmer towards their poorer and more unfortuor a parson, and of which he neither nate neighbours. The object of the extorted nor took any part, would be risings was, not to commit acts of vio. to commit an act of "highway robbery," lence on anybody, and no act of viofor which he should be dragged from lence were committed ; not for the his wife and child, condemned to death, purpose of committing acts of plunder, and sent into slavery for life! Such, for no acts of plunder took place: but, however, was the result; and the En- solely for the purpose of obtaining a glishman who can hear the story with sufficiency of food and of raiment, and out feeling his heart swell, and feeling of fuel to make life bearable to those, the blood boiling in his veins, deserves whose labour produced all the food, all to perish from hunger, and to be food the raiment, and all the fuel. Yet, for for the fowls of the air.
taking the mildest and most inoffensive
part in these risings, these two excellents“ the bar as he was ; that an young men were, under the Special “ honest man he had always been; an Commission which Grey advised the “ honest man he still was, and an King to give to Vaughan, Parke, Alder-" honest man he would ever remain." son, Wellington, Denman, Sturges Mr. Wm. Wickham and Mr. JAMES Bourne, and Serjeant Wilde, condemned Wickham, the two principal landowners to death, and transported for life in the neighbourhood, gave him, as
In order to do justice, as far as I am they before had given his brother, the at present able, to all the parties con- best of characters. Mr. Enos DIDDAMS : cerned, I will bere refer to an account did the same; the jury most strongly of the trials in Hampshire, as afterwards recommended him to mercy; but, like published by the Curate of the Parish of his brother, he was condemned to death, STOKE CHARITY. I will draw no con- and transported for life. Always when clusions myself, and offer no opinions; these Masons were tried, up came the but will simply state the facts as pub- story about the Brighton petition ! lished in the account of the trials. When Mr. Enos DIDDAMS was exa
JOSEPH Mason, aged 31; Robert mined, they asked him about the meetMason, aged 22 ; were first indicted for ings at SUTTON SCOTNEY ; and WILDE what they called robbing one Callender, asked whether they did not meet once a Sir Thomas Baring's bailift. There week to read a cerlain weekly publication. were six others indicted along with The infamous Times newspaper, which them; there were a thousand persons from first to last sought the blood of or more in this rising; but, as far as these people, represented Mr. DIDDAMS one can judge from the report of the as having said that the sovereign people trial, the whole burden of the inquiry sent a petition to the King, and that was about the two Mason's. The jury, sovereign people subscribed seventeen however, acquitted them both. In their shillings to carry the man to Brighton, defence, both of them denied ever having The saine bloody newspaper endeavoured touched any money; and both said, to make the public believe that the riots that they were pressed by the rest of in Hampshire had been instigated by the people, and compelled to go with me. It constantly connected my name them; and there was no evidence with these transactions; and when men brought to shaw that this was not true. were going to be hanged, it was observed, Having escaped here, they were almost that they“ did not confess their connexion instantly clapped into another tndict. with Cobbelt and Carlile.” Mr. Didment; and, the next day were put upon DAMS and others were very closely their trial for robbing W. DowDbN. questioned about the certain weekly Here Joseph was caught; but ROBERT publication read by the MASONS escaped. On the same day, however, to a company of labourers at SUThe was clapped into another indictment, TON SCOTNEY. I know that there when the Reverend JAME8 JOLLIFFE, / was a regular canvass amongst the pricurate of BARTON STACEY, swore, that soners in the jail at Winchester, to find he was robbed of five shillings, and that out whether anyone would acknowledge ROBERT Mason was one of the robbers. that he was acquainted with me, or had This parson swore that he gave the five been influenced or instigated by me. I shillings out of fear. ROBERT MASON know, that this canvass was carried on said, in his defence, that he had not by a church-parson : and I know, that taken the money, nor participated in it; that parson has since got a good fat that he had been compelled to go along church-living, with regard to which, with the rest ; and “that if the lawyer God willing, as well as with regard to
who had said so much against him other church-livings, I shall have, not chad been in the road, with a smock- to say something, but to do something
frock on instead of that gown, and one of these days. Just at the same time a straw hat instead of that wig, the curate of Crowhurst was at work, he would now be standing at upon the soul of a poor fellow, who had