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sented by the nominees of the present Court
j of Aldermen; the honour I propose to receive Bacon, Middles, new, 45s. to 47s. per cwt.
at your hands, is to be chosen by you, one of - Sides, new... 49s, to 52s.
YOUR representatives, in spite of the united Pork, India, new.... 127s. Ud. to -S.
efforts of the Court of Aldermen against me. Pork, Mess, new ...67s. Od. to 75s. per barl.
I recollect happy England, before the Cheese, Cheshire....54s. to 745.
borougbmongers commenced their crusade - Gloucester, Double..52s, to 64s.
against the people of France. I have since - Gloucester, Single. ..42s, to 50s,
witnessed tax added to tax, until our once SMITHFIELD.-Juue 18.
rich and happy country is no longer fit for an This day's supply of beasts, about 300 of honest man to reside in, whu earns his bread which were grass-lattened runts, was, as is by bis labour, usual in June, limited, though more nume- The people, harassed by a multiplicity of rous thau was that of this day se'nnight; of laws they can peither understand nor obey, small stock, moderately good. Prime Scots and loaded with a multiplicity of taxes they and Norfolk homebreds, in both of which are unable to pay, at length the whole nation, there was a manifest falling-oft in quality, but aroused by accumulated oppressions, called wbich formed a considerable proportion of the out in almost one voice for reform; and then, supply, sold somewhat briskly. Durhams, and not till then, reform is granted. Lincolns, and other large beasts, which were Never shall it be said the citizens of London exceedingly few in puniber, as also Towns- are less enlightened or liberal than their cod cows, which were rather numerous, very fellow-countrymen, and that they will still tardily, at a depression of 2d, per stone : with continue to elect the nominees of their city prime South Down sheep, prime lambs, not House of Lords, the present aristocratic, yet exceeding 10lbs, per quarter, and prime small imbecile Court of Aldermen. calves, the trade was somewhat brisk ; with My fellow-citizens, it is the remedial mea. prime large coarse-woolled sheep and lambs, sures consequent upon the passing of the and those of middling and inferior quality, of Reform Bill, by which you are to be relieved, all breeds, as also porkers, very dull, at Fri- and with a view of taking an active part in day's prices.
producing such measures, that I solicit the Beasts, 2,152; sheep and lambs, 18,460; honour of representing you in the people's, calves, 251; pigs, 200.
or Commons House of Parliament.
To promote by every means an abolition,
or reduction of your taxes, and an amelioraMARK-LANE.-Friday, June 22.
tion in the oppressive tithe and church-laws, The arrivals this week are moderate, the and also in your barbarous criminal laws, it market dull, with the prices the same as on is that I solicit the honour of being one of the Monday.
representatives for the city of London.
Should I be one of the persons of your
choice, I shall at once devote my time to the ! ELECTION FOR THE CITY OF LONDON.
important duties which will devolve upon me,
and at all times fearlessly discharge them : to! TO THE
have your approbation and esteem is the LIVERYMEN, FREEMEN, AND CITIZENS
greatest reward I promise to myself, and to be OF LONDON.
elected by the spontaneous and unbought
votes of my fellow-citizens, the highest huMYENTLEMEN,-Eighteen months since, nour that can be conferred upon me as a re
T I relinquished an extensive business to presentative. devote my time and attention to the duties of Anuual Parliaments are the birthright of a public office that of Alderman of the Ward Englishmen, and if we cannot obtain them by in which I reside, and to which honourable law, as far as I am concerned you shall have situation a majority of all the Freemen had them in practice, for at the end of twelve twice chosen' me within twelve months, and months (unless Parliament be then sitting) which duties I am prevented from fulfilling, shall resign the trust into your hands again, by the combined efforts and injustice of the and upon to other terms would the office be Court of Aldermen, for no reason except that acceptable to me. I am a Reformer.
I shall very shortly have the pleasure of Yes, Gentlemen, I am not accused of being personally waiting upon you to solicit your a reformer of six months standing ; not a votes, until which time, believe me, . reformer when it became the fashion to be Gentlemen, Liverymen, Freemen, and such; but wheu to be a reformer subjected
Fellow Citizens of London, you to incarceration, without accusers, in one! Most faithfully and respectfully yours, of the dungeons of Sidmouth, or Castlereagh.
· MICHAEL SCALES. Then, as now, I was an independent labourer 44, Aldgate, in the cause of reform, and upon all occasions, 4th June, 1832. a zealous defender of the rights of my fellowcitizens.
Printed by William Cobbott, Johnson's-court and The city of London has long been repre published by him, at 11, Bolt-court, Flect-street.
City Intrigues, carried on by Bow
RING and others, against the Pledges. MY FRIENDS,
In order that you may act a part
worthy of yourselves and your country; FLOGGING SOLDIERS! in order that you may choose proper
men, and reject impostors, it is necesAlas! I, in my eagerness to see this
sary that you form a true estimate of put an end to, thought that THE LIAR the men who are now in power ; that - had, for once in his life, spoken truth! you judge rightly with regard to what thought that good had come out of they have hitherto done; and that you
clearly understand their present designs; NAZARETH a second time. But I now
which designs, in my view of the matfind that this villanous, lying reporther
ter, are as base and detestable as any of the Morning Chronicle, stated the that ever entered into the mind of man. * result of the debate in a way just con-| Their hangers-on are at work in every com trary to the truth, and that the House part of the country, to make the people % of Commons produced fifteen for the
believe that the Reform Bill proceeded
he entirely from their love of freedom ; abolition of flogging, and thirty-three
and that they wanted no motive other be against the abolition of flogging ; so than their own just disposition to give
that there were more than two to one us that bill. Now, mark the following ' in the House for the continuation of the facts : FIRST, that every one of the 5. flogging. I copied the debate and the
present Ministers, Lord Grey and Lord
HOLLAND excepted, has been, at some W result literally from the Morning Chro- time o
he morning Chro-time or other, a ridiculer and a connicle ; though I confess that I ought not temer of parliamentary reforn and to have believed anything that I saw in that three-fourths of them have been
its dirty columns, which are manifestly bitter persecutors of the reformers ; 11 now the sole property of the filthy
SECOND, that Lord GREY himself, never Whigs. It was a great mistake, to be fort
at any time of his life, proposed a re
Re, to be form so extensive as that which the sure, to suppose that this House was English Reforın Bill now makes; and for the abolition of flogging; but it that, even at the time of his coming drew forth statements and arguments into power, he said that he had corrected which have produced a great impression the errors of his youth, and, of course,
did not mean now to go so far as he had upon the public, and none of which are
ich are proposed to go many years past; THIRD, invalidated, in the smallest degree, by that no one will deny, that it was the this falsehood in the reporther. The people who thrusted WELLINGTON out subscription for · SOMERVILLE is going of power, on account
of power, on account of his insolent deon at my shop, where a book is open claration against reform, and that GREY
was brought into power because he defor the purpose.
clared for reform; FOURTH, that though WM, COBBETT, Grey came into power with a promise
to make parliamentary reform, he whiled indubitable proof of this anger, and of sway the time, from early in November the fact that the Ministry brought in to the first of March, before he brought the Reform Bill in consequence of popuin the bill ; FIFTN, that, during the time, lar compulsion, and that they wished to he was threatened by the people with see it defeated, provided that they could all the consequences of their discontent, keep their places; ELEVENTA, that unless the measure were large and effi- when the bill came a second time beo cient; sixth, that he found that he had fore the Lords, there had been a negoa majority in the House of Commons tiation going on between Grey on the against the bill, and that he must either one side, and HARROWBY and WAARNquit his place or dissolve the Parlia- cliffe on the other side, and that the ment; Seventh, that the new Parlia- second reading was carried merely in ment contained a great majority for consequence of that negotiation; him, and that the elections clearly TWELFT), that it was manifest from the proved, that the people were resolved speech of Grey, and from the conduct to have a bill as extensive as that which of certain persons belonging to the he had brought in ; EIGHTH, that he BIRMINGHAM UNION, that Grey and his now resumed the bill, but that there colleagues meant to slip the bill through was no species of delay, no contrivance the House of Lords, altering the teaof procrastination, which was not put pound clause, and taking from the in practice to lengthen out the discus-working people all chance of having sions on the bill, which could not have any influence at elections ; TBIRTEENTH, had for their object any other than a de- that this intention having been detected sire to weary out the interest which the and exposed by me, Grey resolved to adpeople took in the measure, and to give here to the ten-pound clause, but not the enemies of the bill time to prepare until the country had showed its deterthe way for its rejection, and to cause a mination not to suffer the qualification tranquil submission to that rejection; to be raised; FOURTEENTH, that the NINTA, that, when the bill had been re- Tories, finding that Grey had taken this jected by the Lords in October last, the determination, resolved to take the bill Ministry in general, and Grey in parti- out of his hands, and accordingly made cular, gave every symptom of anger, of the memorable motion by LYNDHUEST, furious anger, not against the lords who on the 7th of May, which led to the had rejected the bill, but against the turning out and taking in, and the people who had resented that rejection; taking in and turning out again, which and, though I dare not speak in suita- took place, in consequence of the threat ble terms of the transactions at BRISTOL to pay no taxes, and of the run upon and at NorTINGHAM; though I dare not, the Bank. . at present, say what I think, of those If you look at the conduct of the transactions, any more than of the pre- Whigs, from the day of their being vious special commissions in the south forced into place again by the people to and in the west, issued for the trial of the present day; if you look at their those who had in reality, been the daring attempt to make a rotten bo cause of the bringing in of the first bill, rough of all Ireland; if you look as there is no man who will not compare their silence upon the subject of the these transactions with the excessive Septennial Bill, while they are intro indulgence of the Whig Ministry to- ducing a qualification clause into the wards all the notorious enemies of re-Scotch Reform Bill; if you look at form, and who will not draw his con-| their conduct with regard to the boa elusions accordingly; TENTH, that, in rough of HUDDERSFIELD, the repre short, the anger of GREY towards those sentation of which they have, in spite who were inost zealous in the cause of of the reasonable and most earnestle reform was apparent all the way quest of the people, made almost through ; and, I might, if I would, absolute property of one man, an produce the prosecution of myself, as man a notorious Whig; if you loos
El the two bills which they have now be invite these new electors to join the
fore them, and against which they say livery, in order to discuss the propriety not one single want, the one for repeal- of framing a set of pledges, to be taken ing, in part, the Act of Settlement, and by candidates for the representation of which, if passed, would fill the House the city, seeing that the principle of of Commons with placemen and pen- demanding pledges had been so fully sioners, in spite of all that the people recognised, and so successfully acted could do to prevent it; and the other, upon at the former election. brought in by IngLis, and intended to This invitation brought together a render the qualification of members body consisting of liverymen and new
more difficult in England : if you look electors promiscuously. At the end of * at all these things, and observe how a pretty long discussion, it was deter,
directly all these bills are in the teeth mined to appoint a sub-committee, to of the 730 clause of the Reform Bill draw up a set of p'edges, and to submit itself; if you look at these things, it is them afterwards to the general-commit.. impossible for you to believe that this tee for their approbation or rejection greedy faction are not now at work, The sub-committee, consisting of five endeavouring to undermine the very liverymen and five new electors, met, bill which they have brought in and and agreed upon certain pledges by a mar passed.
jority of two out of ten. These pledges But their conduct with regard to were submitted to the general-committee, * PLEDGES is the clearest proof of their who confirmed the decision of the sub# intention. And here I must enter into committee by a majority of more than
a history of those pledges which have four to one. In all these cases a Dr. been put forth by the electors of London; BOWRING, who is, or who recently was, and against which pledges this faction in the pay of the Ministers, was the
have put in motion all the swarms of dirty strenuous opponent, first of exacting any # tools that they have at their command ; I pledges at all; second, in the sub-comHand, swarms more numerous and tools mittee, and in the general-committee
more dirty have seldom been seen in also, he proposed pledges of his own, in this wicked world. We all know that the opposition to those that were carried ; Reform Bill was carried in consequence and, my neighbour Mr. SWAIN, who was of pledges : we all know that Mr. WARD present at the discussion in the latter was turned out of the representation of case in particular, tells me that BOWRING the city, because he refused to take the discovered in his opposition an eagerness pledges : we all know that Mr. Thomp- and anxiety difficult to be described. Son was called upon to resign, because Finally, however, the pledges were he had in one instance not attended to carried by a majority of more than four the instructions of his constituents. to one, as I have before observed ; and Now, bearing these things in mind please these pledges were as follows ; to attend to the following history of the Resolved, Ist. That for one man to reCITY PLEDGES.
present another, means that he is to act for There was, previous to the passing of that other, and in a manner agreeably to his the Reform Bill, a COMMITTEE OF | wishes and instructions. THE LIVERY, formed for the purpose tatives in Parliament ought to do such things
2nd. That members chosen to be represen. of watching over the circumstances con as their constituents wish and direct them nected with the passing of that bill. The to do. Dill having been passed, the business of 3rd. That, therefore, it appears to this this committee was at an end; but, it
but it meeting, that those to whom the laws ROWO U
commit the sacred trust of the power of was thought necessary, for this commit choosing members, who are to represent their 23 tee, before it dissolved itself, to invite non-votiug neighbours as well as themselves, the NEW ELECTORS, whom the Re-l ought to be scrupulously careful to choose no form Bill had created, and to whom it
man on whom firm reliance cannot be placed, 30 had given a franchise equal to that of his constituents.
that he will obey the wishes and directions of the livery ; it was thought necessary to 4th. That, in order to obtain the best post
sible ground of such reliance, every candidate meeting convened this day. The amended ought to give the pledges following; to wit, pledges are as follow :-. . That I will neglect nothing in my power to Resolved, That the following resolutions be cause, in the very first session, a total aboli-submitted to the general meeting of the coue tion of the tithes, a repeal of the assessed stituency of London, as pledges to be required taxes, the taxes on malt, hops, and soap; from the candidates for their representation. and these baving been repealed, I pledge inyo self to the immediate consideration of a revi- PLEDGES TO BE REQUIRED FROM sion of the Corn Bill; and I further pledge |
CANDIDATES. myself to do everything within my power to " That they will make the well-being of cause the abolition of all sinecures and unme- the community the great object of their care; rited pensions, and a repeal of that daring that they will labour to obtain cheap food, by act of usurpation called the Septennial Act: the abolition of the corn-laws, and of all the and I will, at all times and in all things, act imposts which press with peculiar burdenconformably to the wishes of a majority of my someness on the labouring poor-cheap knowconstituents, deliberately expressed ; or I will, ledge by the removal of all taxes vu its diffuat their request, resign to them the trust with sion-cheap justice, by the destruction of all which they have honoured me.
needless charges on its administration-and 5th. That we, the electors, of the City of Lon- the best public services at the smallest exdon, pledge ourselves to each other and to our pense. country, that we will give our votes to no man “That in the pursuit of these ends they who will not give the above pledges, and that will lend their assistauce to abolish all undewe earnestly recommend to our fellow-electors, essary, and to reduce all overpaid, official in every part of the kingdom, to make, and situations for the future ; all womerited penstrictly to adhere to, the same determination. sions—all undeserved recompeuse-in what
ever shape they may be proposed. These pledges were published in the
“That they will endeavour to obtain the newspapers on the 24th of June ; and shortening the duration of Parliaments to a on the 25th, BoWRING (for it is impos-period not exceeding three years. :
sible not to believe that it was 'he) had . That they will co-operate for the diffusion 'the following article published in The
of instruction, and the extinction of slavery;
and that, in our relations with other countries, Times and the Morning Chronicle. You they will endeavour to advance the great iawill perceive that BOWRING here gives terests of peace, liberty, and human improvean account of the pledges which he ment." proposed, and which he says would
" That their attendance shall be constant,
the presence of a member being essential to have been carried, if there had been his usefulness. time for consideration. Now I begl “ That they will either institute or assist in your attention to all this : I beg you to the institution of, an inquiry into the state of watch the workings of this tool of the
the church, with a view to the removal of the
ab uses which disbonour it. Ministers. Read his pledges with care.
“ That they will press on a reformed ParYou will see that they pledge a man to liament the urgent necessity of the great topic nothing. You will see that any Tory, of national education, as the only real seany pensioner, any vile and abominable curity for the public tranquillity, and the only
true foundation of the public happiness. place-hunter, would take these pleuges, " That until the duration of Parliament or rather these fraudulent professions, shall be shortened to three years, they will without any more scruple than any one withdraw from the representation whenever of Mr. FEARON's customers would drink an undoubted majority of their constituents
shall declare they have forfeited confidence." a glass of gin. However, read the whole 4
The set proposed by Mr. Williams, it will paper through, and then please to at- be recollected, was _"1. "The abolition of tend to me.
tithes ; 2. A modification of the coro-laws;
3. Repeal of the Assessed Taxes; and 4. A PLEDGES FROM CANDIDATES.
repeal of the Septennial Act. It is contended At the meeting of several members of the by the supporters of the ameuded act, that livery, at which the set of pledges proposed by those of Mr. Williams are too narrow and that Mr. Williams was carried, aguiber set of the first and third are erroneously putpledges was proposed as an amendment, and Morning Chronicle. Jost by a majority of one only. As opinion was „So nearly divided upou the two sets, and as it This publication was followed by a is believed by the supporters of the amended commendatory commentary by Bowset, that it would have been carried bad there been the same time allowed for its considcr.
e RING, on his own propositions, and in a ation, we are informed that it will be submitted strain as stupid and as coufused as the to the new electors of the city of London, at the propositions themselves. I take this