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into pieces, without any detriment to our your Right Honourable House; who are their faith, our hope, our religious feeling; if no natural guardians, and who have in so many burial-service is at all necessary in these cases; cases been their defence against sordid and if this be told to the people by this bill, it is unfeeling measures, will now come to their manifest, that that same people will not long relief and protection; and that, to this end, think that the burial-service cain in any case you will not only reject the brutal bill aforebe necessary, and that they will, in a short time said, but that you will be pleased to pass a bill, look upon all other parts of the church-service making it felony in any person whatever to as equally useless; because as your petitioner have a dead body in his or her possession, expresumes, there is no ground whatever for cept for the usual purpose of Christian burial, believing in the sacredness of one rite or cere- or except the possession be founded on a senmony any more than in that of another, and tence agreeably to law, passed in a court of that, of course, if the Burial of the Dead can justice. be dispersed with, so may Baptism, Confirma And your petitioner will ever pray. tion, Marriage, and the Sacrament of the
WM. COBBETT. Lord's Supper.
Kensington, 23 June, 1832. . That, if this sacrilegious bill were to become | This norition I cont to the Bishon on
This petition I sent to the Bishop on a law, your humble petitioner would beg leave sur
ve Sunday evening, the 24th June, at his to ask, what the people must, in future, think palace at Fulham. pot having found of the ceremony of the consecrating of ground; [ him in London on the Saturday. On what of any part of the thing's ordered and the Monday, it came back to Kensing. enjoined in the Book of Common Prayer; and ton: and I got it here late on Monday especially, what of the fees, which have for night. It was accompanied back with ages been, and which are still, paid for saying the following letter. prayers over the bodies of the dead? That,
Fulham in England and Wales, there are more than sie.
25 June 1832 ten thousand cliurch benefices with care of if any other Member of the House of Lords souls; that those, who are charged with this can be found, who will present your Petition, care, have hitherto taught us, that that care I would rather that it should not pass through requires the due performance of the burial I my hands, for this reason amongst others, service, and justifies the demand of fees for because it contains an assertion, that there that performance; that it is as well for morals
it is as well for morals no ground whatever for believing in the saand religion that our bodies be sold and cut credness of one rite or ceremony any more up, as that they be buried in consecrated
than in that of another. ground with the usual solemnities, or it is not | This assertion, as well as some other arguas well; that, if the latter, the intended law
ntended law ments in the Petition I could hardly pass over is injurious to morals and religion ; that, if the without notice, and therefore it will be more former, well may we ask, to what end, for properly entrusted to some other person. what purpose, we have been enjoined to per
I remain, form the barial service, and have been com
Sir, pelled to pay burial fees, for so many ages ?
Your obedient Serrt That the horror of the poorer sort of people
C. J. London at the practices which are authorised by this W. Cobbett Esq bill, and their conviction that they themselves
To this I sent him the following are principally the objects of it, are clearly and
il answer on Wednesday morning; but, strongly evinced in the fact, that they have all over England formed themselves into clubs for
as it was to be printed, I sent it him in
| print. The two letters will serve to the purpose of providing the means of watching
illustrate“ the javaluable right of the graves of each other and those of their
petition." near and dear relations, a fact to their ever
Bell-court, 25th June, 1834. lasting honour, and showing that amongst BISHOP OF LONDON. them, at any rate, human feelings have not I HAVE always understood petitioning yet been banisbed from the breast; tbat, to be a right, and I know that the Bill however, your humble petitioner hopes, that of Rights says, that every Englishman
has a right to petition the King, or were such, the “great right of petition" either House of Parliament ; but if I would come to this at last : that no am not permitted to go and present my petition is to be presented unless it petition myself, and if any member of accord with the opinions of some one at the House of Lords to whom I apply least of the persons to whom it is inmay refuse to present it for me, mytended to be presented." right seems to be of a very slender na-i As to the relative sacredness of difture: it amounts, indeed, to nothing ferent rites and ceremonies, I am not more than this; that I have a right to doctor of divinity enough scrupulously request a peer to suffer me to petition to settle that matter ; but, these things the House of Lords, and that he had a I know, 1. That we have been taught right to refuse me, as you have now to regard them all as sacred ; 2. That. done; for to tell me that you will do it according to the Prayer Book, which (and you do not go so far as that) if no we have been taught to read with great “ other member can be found to do it," reverence, to have Christian burial withis, in fact, to tell me, that I must first held from a dead person is deemed a pula find and try all the other members ; nishment inflicted on that person's relong before I could possibly do which, mains ; 3. That church-yards are consethe bill against which I wish to peti- crated, and that to brawl, or commit tion, may be passed, and dozens of the assaults, in them is punishable (on acbodies of my poorer neighbours may be count of their sacredness) in a spiritual openly sold, and chopped up like those court, and with a severity much greater of dogs.
than if the offences were committed on The objection founded on your dis- ground not consecrated ; 4. That burial agreement with me, and on the ne- fees are a most burdensome tax upon cessity of your noticing that disagree the people, amounting, in each of ment, is answered at once by the fact, several parishes in your diocese, to more that I did not request you to sup- than a thousand pounds a vear ; 5. That port the prayer of my petition ; it was when burial places are consecrated, the my petition, not yours : I did not pe- people pay for the aet of consecrating: tition because you were of my opinion, Therefore, leaving out of view the but precisely because (from your not manifest partiality of the bill, and its having opposed the bill) I thought you barbarous and brutalizing tendency, were not. If you had done what I what can be the use of all this work of looked upon as your duty, I should not consecrating, if it be just as good for have thought it necessary to present our souls that dead bodies should beany petition on the subject. Besides, come objects of sale, and be cut up like if you disagree with the petition, you the bodies of cattle, as that they should. will, of course, express your disagree- have Christian burial ? And, above all ment, whether you present it or not; things, where, in the former case, is the so that it is impossible to believe that justice in compelling the living to it is not your real object to prevent the jury for prayers and psalms said and petition from being presented at all. sung over the bodies of the dead? These
With regard to the “ assertion" of were the questions for you to answer; which you speak, it is no assertion, but and this is precisely what you have left merely an opinion stated ; and as to the undone. Not having done this, nor al“other” of my arguments tv which you tempted to do it, your letter contains object, it is impossible to guess at what nothing but a mere pretence for not they are, seeing that this word“ other" presenting my petition, which, however, has reference to nothing ; no argu- you will, I believe, soon find presented ments having been before alluded to by by somebody else; and then you will, you. Still, however, had I made use of doubtless, show the falsehood of what false assertions and fallacious arguments, you call iny assertion, and the unsoundthat would have been no reason for your ness of my arguments. refusing to present my petition, for, if it As matter of curiosity merely, I will
add, that the very " assertion,” word for give great trouble; and not an accursed word, to which you now object, was potato shall come near the place! They contained in my petition, against the have done quite mischief enough already. Dead-Body Bill of 1829 ; and that I shall set off from London so as to be you, as your duty prescribed, presented at Sutton Scotney on the 6th of July, that petition without any objection at Perhaps I shall set off that same mornall! So that, if you be right now, you ing. If any gentleman have a mind to were wrong then ; a fact undeniable, go with me from London, we must and one that ought to make you a more make our arrangements on Tuesday, modest critic for the future; one that the 3d of July; for which purpose, I ought to make you doubt whether the will be at BOLT-COURT all that day, possession, of twenty thousand pounds from five o'clock in the morning to a year and a couple of palaces really eight o'clock at night. Six or seven of authorise a man to refuse to present a us might go very well with a carriage petition, most respectfully worded, and and four horses. Surton Scotney is praying for what is within the consti- fifty-five miles from London, through tutional competence of the House of BASINGSTOKE, through POPHAM LANR, which he is a member.
and is on the turnpike road, about halfTo subscribe yourself my obedient way between the last-mentioned place sprvant, while you contradict my as- and STOCKBRIDGK. Many coaches go sertions, and refuse to attend to my through it from London to SALISBURY, request, is a sort of inconsistency which and on to Exeter. But many of these shall not have an imitation in the con- go through ANDOVER ; and, therefore, duct of
that must be attended to. I have just WM. COBBETT.. learned that Mr. Budd, of BURGHCLERE, P.S. The petition was presented by
hy means to meet us with two geese, a Lord RADNOR, last night (23th of June),
small sucking porker, a bushel of bread, and I do not perceive that you said a
and some veal pies : and that he intends word about it.
to go in his waggon, and load it with passengers as he goes along. Mr.
Swain, of Fleet-street, has sent me CHOPSTICK FESTIVAL. A GUINEA to be laid out in strong beer The POLITICAL UNION of COVENTRY, / for the CHOPSTICKS. a THOUSAND of whom dined under a tent, on Tuesday, the 26th instant, to celebrate the fall of the villanous bo-GEOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. roughmongers, have very kindly offered in last I Never will I ndertake å their capacious tent for our festival at SUTTON SCOTNEY; and Mr. T. W.GILL,
job like this again! To give a full deof that city, has generously offered to
e scription of this result of prodigious send it to London carriage-free.
labour, is due to my readers as well as to
I need not; say that I have accepted of it;
myself ; I want to sell my book, and they and therefore that puts an end to all
all ought to have the useful information trouble about a covering. Knives and
that it contains. I shall, therefore, first forks will be the most difficult things
give the Title, and then the EXPLANAto provide. Each man must bring his
TORY P&Eface, from which every one
will see what are the uses of this book. own, I believe ; but this must be ar- | ranged, some how or other, by the forcing to the POLLING-PLACES OJ person who will go down beforehand | Herefordshire having been omitted in to prepare matters. Mr. ALDERMAN SCALES gives us a fat sheep, and Mr.
Ithe Boundary Bill until it was last SAPSFORD two bushels of fine corn-flour. amended, several sheets of the book to make plum-puddings; and Mr.'BAR- | were kept back until to-day, WNICA RETT, of Fetter-lane, a box of plums. As will prevent the publication taking to vegetables, they are of little use and place until SATURDAY, 7. JULY.]
A GEOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY | situated relatively to each other ; THIRD,
OF ENGLAND AND WASES; showing how the counties are distributed - tis CONTAINING : into Circuits, and pointing out the The names, in Alphabetical Order, of all the assize-towns in the several circuits ;) Counties, with their several Subdivisions FOURTY, showing how the counties, or into Hundreds, Lathes, Rapes, Wapen- parts of counties, are distributed into takes, Wards, or Divisions; and an Ac-Dioceses; and, fifth, showing how the count of the Distribution of the Counties counties are now divided for PARLIAS. into Circuits, Dioceses, and Parliamentary MENTARY PURPOSES. . d pa Divisions.
II. After this comes an INDEX TO THE ALSO,
| DICTIONARY, containing the names, in. The names (under that of each County re
alphabetical order, of the cities, boroughs, spectively), in Alphabetical Order, of all market-towns, villages, hamlets,' and. the Cities, Borouglas, Market Towns, Vil
tithings, in all the counties, and having, lages, Hamlets, and Tithings, with the
against the name of each, the name of Distance of each from London, or from the
the county, under which the particulars nearest Market Town, and with the Popu
relating to each place will be found.', .
III. The DictioNARY. Here the lation, and other interesting particulars relating to each; besides which there are
English counties, in alphabetical order,
come first; and then the Welsh counties, .. . MAPS; :
in the same order. Then, under each First, one of the whole country, showing the county, come the names of all the cities,
local situation of the Counties relatively to boroughs, market-towns, villages, hameach other; and, then, each County is also lets and tithings in that county. Imme. preceded by a Map, showing, in the same diately preceding the name of each manner, the local situation of the Cities, county there is a map, describing the Boroughs, and Market Towns.
boundaries of the county, and pointing FOUR TABLES
out the local situation of its cities, bo
roughs, and market towns. Under th Counties, and then three Tables, showing
name of each county there is an account the new Divisions and Distributions enacted
of its soil, extent, products, population, by the Reform-Law of 4th June, 1832.
rental, poor-rates, and of all other the interesting particulars belonging to it; under the name of each city and other
principal place, there is a history of it EXPLANATORY Preface.
as far as regards matters of general inThat space and time, which, in pre- terest or of great curiosity; and, wherefaces, are usually employed in setting ever there was formerly a inonastic esforth the objects and the utility of the tablishment, the nature and value of it work, I shall here employ in describing are mentioned under the name of the the contents of this work, and in ex-place, whether that place be a city plaining certain parts of it, which, I or hailet. The distance from Lonthink, may stand in need of explanation ; don is stated, in the case of cities, in doing which, I shall proceed in the boroughs, and market-towns. And, in order in which the matters lie before the case of the villages, hamlets, and me.
tithings, their distances, and also their I. The book begins with a General bearings, from the nearest city, borough, Account of England and Wales"; FIRST, or market-town, are stated ; and in all stating the geographical situation, the cases the population is stated. In places boundaries, the extent, and the popula- where there are markets or fairs, the tion of the whole country; SECOND, days for holding them are stated, and showing how the country is divided into mention is made of the commodities Counties, and into their subdivisions, dealt in at the fairs. With regard to this part being accompanied with a map, localities, it is not the great and wellshowing how the counties are locally known places, but the small and obscure
places, of which we want a knowledge. ary, of each county, is given the num. How many scores of places have I re-ber of parishes it contains This freceived letters from, and there being no quently leaves out townships, a great post-mark, or it being illegible, and it many of which have separate parochial not being named in the date of the jurisdiction ; but it was impossible, in Jetter, have been unable to send an all cases, to come at a correct knowanswer with any chance of its reaching ledge of the facts relating to this matits destination! Of how many places ter; and, therefore, the parishes, so calldo we daily read in the newspapers, and ed, have, in the statistical table as well as in pamphlets and books, of which places in the Dictionary, generally been taken we never before heard, of the local as, they stood in the official returns to situation of which we know nothing ; Parliament. SECOND, as the Dictionary and yet, with regard to which, we, for part was compiled before the Reformsome reason or other, wish to possess a law was passed, the number of members. knowledge! It was from the great of Parliament returned by the several and almost constant inconvenience which counties, cities, and boroughs, stands in I experienced as to this matter, that in- this part of the book, according to the duced me to undertake this most la- retten-Borough system ; but this matter borious work. For instance, if we were is amply set to rights in the tables, to read or hear something of a trans- which are at the close of the book, and action at Tilford, how are we to know which it is now my business to dewhere TILFORD is, and what sort of a scribe. place it is? We might, from some cir- IX. Next after the Dictionary comes cumstance, learn that it was in the a STATISTICAL TABLE (which is called county of SURREY ; but one should not No. I.); which states, against the name know whether it were a town or village, of each county in England, and against or what it was, nor in what part of the that of the whole of Wales, the followcounty it lay. My book, in the Index, ing pieces of information; namely, its tells us that it is in SURREY; in the square miles, its acres of land ; its numDictionary, it tells us, that it is a riri- ber of parishes; number of marketING, that it is in the parish of FARN- towns ; number of members of ParliaBAM, and that. Farnham is a MARKET ment according to the new-law; num. TOWN, distant therefrom in a di-ber of former monastic establishments; Tection, that is, at 39 miles distance number of public charities; number of from London; and the county-map parishes which have no churches; shows us, that this market-town lies at number of parishes the population of the WESTERN EXTREMITY OF THE each of which is under a hundred perCOUNTY. In many cases it was unne- sons ; number of parishes which have cessary to state the distances of hamlets no parsonage-houses ; number of paand tithings from any other place; but rishes in which the parsonage-houses are in all such cases the parish (being city, unfit to live in, annual amount of the borough, town, or village) is made county poor-rates according to return known; which makes our knowledge of 1818, that being the last presented; on the subject quite minute enough. number of paupers at that time, the For instance, in the county of SURREY, annual rental of the county at the same Bagshot is a hamlet, the distance of which time, no return having since been made ; from CHERTSEY, the nearest town, is not total population of the county according stated; but the book tells us, that it is to return of 1821 ; number of houses in the village and parish of WINDLE- in the county, in 182), no return on SHAM, and that that village is 7 miles that subject having been made since; from CHERTSEY ; so that here is the proportion between the poor-rates nothing wanting. There now remain and the rental of the county; the proto be explained some things ; which, if portion between the number of paupers left unexplained, might lead to error. land the number of houses in the county; FIRBT, under the name, in the Diction- the county poor-rates in 1776, by way