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Oh, no! it is not corn; not puddings this corn is given from me.' You will see and bread and bacon that they want the that it is in the shape of the cone of a working people to have: "nice 'taties” spruce fir; you will see that the grains are their favourites ; so that they nay are fixed: round a stalk which is called have the meat and bread for themselves, the cob. These stalks or ears come out and for those who uphold and wait on of the side of the plant which has leaves them! The Irish-diet (for English la- like a flag, which plant grows to about bourers) is their favourite; but the En- three feet high, and has two or three, glish labourers will not, thank God, live and sometimes more, of these ears or on it and I hope that the Irish will not bunches of grain. Out of the top of the do it much longer. The sword-bearing plant comes the tassel, which resembles police do not, I warrant them, live on the plumes of feathers upon a hearse ; * nice mealy 'taties."
and this is the flower of the plant. INSTRUCTIONS TO LABOURERS FOR
The grain is, as you will see, about :: RAISING COBBE'rt's Corn.
the size of a large pea, and there are
from two to three hundred of these grains I will first describe this corn to you. upon the ear, or cob. In my treatise I It is that which is sometimes called Indian have shown that, in America, all the hogs corn; and sometimes people call it Indian and pigs, all the poultry of every sort, the wheat. It is that sort of corn which the greater part of the oxen, and a considerdisciples ate as they were going up to able part of the sheep, are fatted upon Jerusalem on the Sabbath-day. They this corn; that it is the best food for gathered it in the fields as they went horses ; and that, when ground and along and ate it green, they being "an dressed in various ways, it is used in hungered," for which, you know, they bread, in puddings, in several other ways were reproved by the pharisees. I have in families, and that, in short, it is the written a treatise on this corn, in a book, real staff of life, in all the countries where which I sell for two and six-pence, giving it is in common culture, and where the a minute account of the qualities, the climate is hut. When used for poultry, culture, the harvesting, and the various the grain is rubbed off the cob. Horses, uses of this corn; but I shall here confine sheep, and pigs, bite the grain off, and myself to what is necessary for a labourer leave the cob; but horned cattle eat cob to know about it, so that he may be in- and all. duced to raise, and may be enabled to I am to speak of it to you, however, raise enough of it in his garden to fat a only as a thing to make you some bacon, pig of ten score.
for which use it surpasses all other grain There are a great many sorts of this whatsoever. When the grain is in the corn. They all come from countries whole ear, it is called corn in the ear; which are hotter than England. "This when it is rubbed off the cob, it is called sort, which my eldest son brought into shelled corn. Now, observe, ten bushels England, is a dwarf kind, and is the only of shelled corn are equal, in the fatting kind that I have known to ripen in this of a pig, to fifteen bushels of barley ; country: and I know that it will ripen in and fifteen bushels of barley, if properly this country in any summer'; for I had a ground and managed, will make a pig of large field of it in 1828 and 1829; and ten score, if he be not too poor when you last year (my lease at my farm being out begin to fat him. Observe that everyat Michaelmas, and this corn not ripen- body who has been in America knows, ing till late in October) I had about two that the finest hogs in the world are fatted acres in my garden at Kensington. With in that country, and no man ever saw in the memory of man' there have not a hog fatted in that country in any other been three summers so cold as the last, way than tossing the ears of corn over to one after another; and no one so cold him in the sty, leaving hiin to bite it off as the last. Yet my corn ripened per- the ear, and deal with it according to his fectly well, and this you will be satisfied pleasure. The finest and solidest bacon of if you be amongst the men to whom in the world is produced in this way.
Now, then, I know, that a bushel of middle of the plant, and the ears coming shelled corn may be grown upon one out of the sides. If weeds appear in the single rood of ground, sixteen feet and a ground hoe it again to kill the weeds, so half each way. I have grown more than that the ground may be always, kept clean. that this last summer; and any of you about the middle of September you will may do the same if you will strictly follow find the grains of the ears to be full of the instructions which I am now about to milk, just in the state that the ears were give you.
at Jerusalem when the disciples cropped 1. Late in March (I am doing it now). I them to eat. From this milky state they, or in the first fortnight of April, dig your like the grains of wheat, grow hard ; and ground up very deep, and let it lie rough as soon as the grains begin to be hard, till between the seventh and fifteenth of you should cut off the tops of the corn May.
and the long flaggy leaves, and leave the 2. Then (in dry weather if possible) ears to ripen upon the stalk or stem. . dig up the ground again, and make it If it be a warm summer, they will be fit smooth at top. Draw drills with a line to harvest by the last of October ; but it two feet apart, just as you do drills for does not.signify if they remain out until peas; rub the grains off the cob; put a the middle of November or even later. little very rotten and fine manure along The longer they stay out the harder the the bottom of the drill; lay the grains I grain will be. along upon that six inches apart ; cover 6. Each ear is covered in a very the grain over with fine earth, so that curious manner with a husk. The best there be about an inch and a half on the way for you will be when you gather in top of the grain; pat the earth down a your crop to strip off the husks, to tie the little with the back of a hoe to make it ears in bunches of six or eight or ten, and lie solid on the grain.
to hang them up to nails in the walls, or 3. If there be any danger of slugs, you against the beams of your. house; for must kill them before the corn coines up there is so much moisture in the cob that if possible; and the best way to do this the ears are apt to heat if put together is to put a little hot lime in a bag, and go in great parcels. The room in which very early in the morning, and shake the I write in London is now hung all round bag all round the edges of the ground and with bunches of this corn. The bunches over the ground. Doing this three or four may be hung up in a shed or stable for a times very early in a dewy morning for while, and, when perfectly dry, they may just after a shower, will destroy all the be put into bags. slugs: and this ought to be done for all 7. Now, as to the mode of using the other crops as well as for that of corn. ' corn: if for poultry, you must rub the
4. When the corn comes up, you must grains off the cob; but if for pigs, give take care to keep all birds off till it is two them the whole ears. You will find or three inches high; for the spear is so some of the ears in which the grain is sweet, that the birds of all sorts are very still soft. Give these to your pig first; apt to peck it off, particularly the doves and keep the hardest to the last. You and the larks and pigeons. As soon as it will soon see how much the pig will reis fairly above ground, give the whole of quire in a day, because pigs, more decent the ground (in dry weather) a flat hoeing, than many rich men, never eat any more and be sure to move all the ground close than is necessary to them. You will thus round the plants. When the weeds begin have a pig ; you will have two flitches of to appear again, give the ground another bacon, two pig's cheeks, one set of souse, hveing, but always in dry weather. When two griskins, two spare-ribs. the plants get to be about a foot high or It is quite sufficient, that the corn will a little more, dig the ground between the fat hogs better than any other thing will rows, and work the earth up a little against fat them: it need do nothing else, conthe stems of the plants.
sidering the amount of the crop, to make 5. About the middle of August you it more valuable than any other crop. But, will see the tassel springing up out of the as food for man, it is more valuable
even than whéat; because it can be Mr. Sapsford ; and I 'recollect also that conveniently used in so many ways. We this is the way in which the Americans use the corn-flour, in my family, FIRST, make their bread. The hread in Long as bread, two-thirds wheaten and one Island is made nearly always with rye third corn-four; SECOND, in batter, and corn-four, that being a beautiful puddings baked, a pound of four, a country for rye, and not so very good for quart of water, two eggs, though these wheat. I should add here, that there is last are not necessary; THIRD, in plum- some little precaution necessary with repuddings, a pound of fout, a pint of gard to the grinding of the corn. The water, half a pound of suet, the plums, explanation given to me is this: that to und no eggs; POURTA, in plain suet- do it well, it ought to be ground twice, and puddings, and the same way, omitting between stones such are used in the the plums; FIFTH, in little round dump. grinding of cone-wheat, which is a bearded tings, with suet or without, and though wheat, which some people call rivets. they are apt to break, they are very good This, however, is a difficulty which will in this way; in broth, to thicken it, for be got over at once as soon as there shall which use it is beyond all measure better be only ten small fields of this corn ia a thay wheaten-flour. . . .
. county.' • Now, to make BREAD, the following Now, my friends, observe, that, do are the instructions which I have received what you will, you cannot get more than from Mr. SAPSFORD, baker, No. 20, the about two gallons of wheat on a rod of corner of Queen-Apne-street, Wimpole- ground (165 feet square), when you can street, Marybonne. As I have frequently always, with proper care, get eight galobserved, the corn-four is not so adhesive, lons of corn; that half a single ear of that is to say, clammy as the wheat and corn will plant the rod; that a rod of Tye flour are. It is, therefore, necessary; wheat requires for seed a tenth-part of or, at least, it is best to use it, one-third the crop"; that there must be a floor to körn-flour and two-thirds wheat or rye thrash and winnow the wheat, and that four. The rye and the corn do not make the corn may be shelled by the fire-side. bread so bright as the wheat and the If a poor man have a little bit of wheat, corn, nor quite so light“; but it is as good he finds it very difficult to do anything read as I ever wish to eat, and I would with it; but a bit of corn he can manage always have it if I could. Now, for the as well as a great farmer can manage hie instructions to make bread with wheat fields. If he have a garden of only ten flour and corn-flour. Suppose you are rods, only think of the value of ten timës going to bake a batch, consisting of thirty 215 pounds of flour; 2,150 pounds, or pounds of four; you will have, of course, within a trife of six pounds of flouria twenty pounds of wheat-flour and ten day for the whole year, besides 210 pounds of corn-four. Set your sponge pounds of offal, enough to fat, with some with the wheat flour only. As soon as properly-cooked potatoes, a good hog! you have done that, put ten pints of But while the instances of this crop of a water (warm in cold weather, and cold bushel to the statute rod are innumerable, in hot weather) to the cora-flour; and let us suppose the average crop to be one mix the flour up with the water; and half of this. Then there is nearly three there let it be for the present. When the pounds of flour a day all the year wheat sponge has risen, and has fallen round, and half enough offal to fata hog: again, take the wetted-up corn-four, and and, observe, I do not here include the work it in with the wheat sponge, and value of the fodder, which is very great ; with the dry wheat flour shat has been and, mind, the corn is only five months Yound the sponge. Let the whole remain on the ground. 1. mgr. 450 fermenting together for about half an But, in short, I need write no more on hour; and then make up the loaves and this subject: the fine corn that I have put them into the oven. The remainder received from all parts of the country of the process every one knows. These convinces me, that I have done this great unatractions I have, as I said before, from thing for my country, and especially for
de the Labouring, People, to reduce whom were hardly aut of his mouth, before to live upon potatoes was the damned the oxen came round the end of tha acheme, which the sensible and resolute barn! “ Why,” said I, " that: fellow Labourers have defeated. “WE WILL " cannot reason any more than a beast: NOT LIVE UPON POTATOES." " for, otherwise, he must have known that When the men of Kent raised that motto, " you would detect the lie in a minute the fate of the tithes and the funds was." Oh!” said he, “a minute is a long sealed. If English men could have been " while: he would swear that he was not reduced to live upon potatoes; if they eating peaches, if you were to tax him could have been brought down to the ". with it, with peaches in his hands and Irish scale, the basest of slavery would " with his mouth crammed with the have been the lot of us all! The wholo" pulp." Your FOOL-LIAR seenag ta people owe their deliverance to the men be, in this respect, upon a perfect equal. of Kent. Ay, ay! The Whigs may ity with the Negroes. He has all their go on with their arming and with their animal cunning, and all their disregard other works; but all will be of no avail, of truth; or, rather, their wants of capas since they cannot make the millions of city to distinguish between truth and labourers live upon potatoes. I read, in falsehood. These two qualities would the proceedings of the new Mechanics' carry him very far, were it not for the Institute, at Manchester, a speech, in counteracting power of his all-predomir which it is remarked, and with apparent nant malignity. The lying of the New pride, that the members of Mechanics! groes is of little avail to them, because Institutes NEVER. RIOT! No, “in nobody believes them; because it is the tellectual" souls: not they! They fashion of the community never ta commit no violences ! “ Nice 'taties,” believe a word that they say. But, it ia
and sea-weed and nettles, and shell-fish. difficult to bring ourselves to look upon a 1 that have died a natural, death ;; these white man in this light. Yet, as your
keep their “ intellect" unclouded by the will presently be convinced (if you be nota
load on the stomach. I am for loading already), as far at least as relates to this - the stomach with bacon and bread: the corn-affair, your FOOL-LIAR must be my load may, indeed, be rather less "celes.. looked upon in precisely this light; and
tial,” less abstracted from earthly matter; it is truly curious that, at the last Somers but, the body is all the better for the setshire election, they should have held loading; and, one would think, that me up a: Negro to call him brother chanics stood in need of bodies too. Blackey-man!”,
But, now for the FOOL-LIAR, in Last year, at this time, I published the Connexion, in the first place, with this names and addresses of the gentlemen, corn. The fellow has as much low cun. in each county, to whom I was about to ning as any animal that ever existed, send corn, free of all cost, even carriage and his disregard of truth, is equal to free, for them to distribute gratis, in that ofa Negro. Those who have had to their several neighbourhoods, especially do with Negroes, know how difficult it is amongst the labourers. It seemed im
to make them perceive the difference possible for the devil himself to find a bad Es between falsehood and truth. Not one motive in this; yet the FOOL-LIAR, hulle is a thousand of them can be made to seeing in this list the names and addressen
see any reason why they should not say of a number of persons, who, he naturally by that which it suits them to say at the supposed, had a respect for me, availed
$ moment. The master of a black, fellow, himself of the power that YOU HAD e in Long Island, who had been sent to GIVEN HIM TO FRANK LETTERS ; fetch up a cow out of the pasture, said, to send to each of these persona a printed
when the fellow came with the cow, paper, most infamously slandering me E 4 Did you put up the bars to keep the signed with his name; and, to this in
aken in ?"* " O yes, Massa!" There famous publication he added, in manun 5 was a bar, round the end of which he script, that the corn was:“ A FRAUD,
had come with the GOW, and the words and he begged the persona ta whana be addressed the letters, not, by any means, | You may remember that, in the Trash to give it to the poor people to plant! for December last, and in the Register :
As I said before, as to truth and of the third of that month, I published & falsehood, he is on a level with the letter from Mr. Enos DIDDAMS of Sutblacks; but, having low cunning also ton Scotney, near Winchester, giving me* equal to theirs, one wonders how he could an account of the fine crops of corn, have thus made sure of his detection as I growed by the labourers and others, in LIAR, by so many documents under his that and the adjoining parishes, composing own hand; and at this, every one must those which I have called “ The LITTLE wonder, until they reflect on the power of HARD PARISHES." Mr. Dipdams is a the fellow's malignity, which is so great village shoemaker, a man very much rethat it overpowers all his Negro-like cun- spected, and he recommended himself to ning. I remember Farmer BRAZIER of my notice by his zealous endeavours to Worth, in Sussex, where THE LIAR save several of the men who were translived for a while, saying, that at times, | ported by the SPECIAL COMMISSION in his very look was so malignant, that if a Hampshire. I went, in the fall of 1830, drop weré to fall from his eyes, it would to find out the Widow MASON, and I. buro cloth, or any other substance, like was directed to this Mr. DIDDAMS, as a aqua fortis! This was a strong figure, person likely to give me information, I. to be sure ; but really if we look at the have known him ever since, and from all fellow's conduct about this corn, we can- that I have seen and heard of him, I not help believing that the farmer was believe him to be a worthy man." Now, right. The fellow is monstrously ignorant, observe, on the 4th of December last, I.
to be sure: I remember him telling his heard that THE LIAR had been received | audience, “ I have lautely bin in Nor-into, and entertained in, the house of a many, Genmun; a great forren country man in Hampshire, who had been, and": in Vrance, Genmun.” But brutally ig- was, in the habit of corresponding and norant as he is, he knew that his lies otherwise communicating with me; · upon this subject must be detected at the whereupon I at once told the latter that
end of about six months. Yet so great the communication between him and me was his malignity, so deadly was his must cease. Upon this, he observed to hatred of me, that he put forth this lie me, that THE LIAR had been received with as much alacrity as if the saving of also · by Mr. Diddams, and that Mr.is his own carcase from a beating (upon Diddams would, he was sure, hold core which point he is very tender!) had de respondence with THE LIAR. - I be in pended upon the success of the lie. lieved neither of these: I did not believe, :
The six months ended; the lie was that Mr. DIDDAMS Would let the fellow exposed; two thousand and forty-three into his house, if he knew who he was ; persons, more than half of them farm. and, as to corresponding with him, I was labourers, have (by themselves or neigh- sure that Mr. DIDDAMS would have his
bours) sent me samples of their crops; all hand chopped off rather than do it. : · sending expressions of gratitude; all However, I wrote to Mr. DIDDAMS 12
delighted with their future prospects ; to tell me what THE LIAR said to many of them execrating the slanderous him, and how he received him. In adliar; and more of them expressing their swer I received two letters from Mr. contempt of so beastly a fool, who has DIDDAMS, which I shall insert here, thus sent documents all over the country, without the smallest alteration, either in signed by himself, to be at all times pro- spelling, pointing; or any-thing else. It duced, if necessary, to prove him fool and is the plain statement of a plain and
liar, without an equal in the world, sensible man, and ai man of honesty and . amongst either blacks or whites. But sincerity. When at Manchester, I wrote
now let me exhibit to you in detail some to Mr. DIDDAMS, asking his leave to of the works of this malignant liar; and publish the letters: he gave me leave, as then, I think, you will agree with Farmer you will see in an extract from a third BRAZIER in the aqua-fortis opinion. letter. After this I showed the letters ioi