Physiology of Fish in Intensive Culture Systems
Springer Science & Business Media, 1996/09/30 - 232 ページ
Fish culture in hatcheries and other aquacultural facilities is becoming much more intensive all over the world. The success of all kinds of fish rearing depends on the quality of management and this depends, in turn, on understanding the biology of fishes and the aquatic environment in which they live. This book directly addresses the relationship between the aquatic environment and the fishes. An understanding of this by the reader will result in a reduction of disease outbreaks through improved management.
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acid aeration aﬁer algae American Fisheries Society ammonia anadromous anadromous salmonids aquaculture aquatic Atlantic salmon bacterial behavior biological blood brook trout carbon dioxide cause cells channel catfish chemical chinook salmon chloramines chlorine chronic coho salmon concentrations decrease diets disinfection dissolved oxygen effects eggs environmental example exposure factors feeding fish disease fish health problems fish in intensive Fish-Culturist gill ATPase growth hatchery hauling tank water health and physiological HOCl hormones inactivate increase infections ions juvenile kidney levels marine metabolic mg/L microorganisms mortality nitrite normal occur oﬁen osmoregulation oxidation oxygen consumption ozone Pacific salmon pathogens photoperiod physiological condition physiological tolerance pond present produced protein raceway rainbow trout rearing conditions reduced result salinity salmonids seawater smolt development smolts sockeye salmon sodium soﬁ species steelhead trout stress supersaturation survival tilapia tion tissue tolerance toxic toxins usually warmwater fish water ﬂow water quality water temperature Wedemeyer