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venient for himself, if he is a single PerSon, or as many agreeing together may appoint with least Inconveniency to themJelves. If a single Person happens to be engaged unawares in Business, or Company, or to be in a fourney, or Voyage, with others, he may retire with his Book for one Quarter of an Hour into some Récess, in van House, Garden, or Field; and a Master of a Family, that hath appointed Hours for Devotion, may order bis Books to be laid at his appointed Hours, and invite his Friends, who come in to join with him, if they are such as he may communicate with, or they with him; or if not, with all Civility, he may borrow so : Small a Part of an Hour of them, while he Says his Prayers. This Custom, if generally objeru'd, would soon bring Religion, and Religious Persons into Credit, Honour and Veneration, and, I hope, no Man will be so uncharitable, as to think, that while I thus recommend set Hours for Devotion, I am so superstitious as to put any Trust in the bare Recital of a few Psalms, and Prayers, and Hymns, at fuch and such prescrib'd Times, but that I do it to restore the ancient Practice of Devotion, which was in use among the Jews, and the Primitive Christians, a
mong whom the Distinction of Hours for Prayer was not the Effect of Superstition, but a rational Institution, in wbich they agreed, as it were by common Inspiration, as the best Means of advancing Piety and Devotion.
Of the Five last Offices, that of our Saviour, is to be used in all the Sundays in Advent, and the Festivals of our Saviour, as, Christmas-Day, thé Circumcifion, or New Tear's-Day, the Epiphany, called among us from the Time of the Saxons, the Twelfth-Day, the Annunciation, Passion-Sunday, which may
be innocently observ’d, though not noted in the Church of England Kalendar; Palma Sunday, and Ascension-Day.
The Office of the Holy Ghost is to be said on Whitsunday, Monday, and Tuesday.; and may, with great Comfort and Benefit to serious Persons, be said, or read at any other Time.
The Office of the Saints is to be used on all the Proper Festivals, or Days of Commemoration of particular Saints whose Offices are also bere added by the excellent Reformer of the Devotions; and the Use of them is in a peculiar manner comfortable and proper to all Christians, who are truly persecuted for doing, or not doing
any thing contrary to their Christian Duty, and the Laws of God.
The Office of the Dead is intended to be said at Discretion upon all Occasions, of Epidemical Diseases, and Mortality, upon the Death of our Neighbours, Friends, and Relations, or upon thé Anniversary Day of the Death of any Person, whose Departure we think fit to commemorate, as long as we survive them; or sometimes a devout Person may have Occasion, or Inclination to say one or other of these Offices on any Day of the Week, with great Advantage, which
may be done, omitting the proper Offices of ihe Day; and the proper Festivals shew the Times when they are to be used.
As for Directions in using these Offices, none are to be given to those who use them alone ; but they are wholly left to the Government of their own Discretions. But when Two, or more, say them together, 'tis fit they should observe Some Orders, and Rules in their Social Devotion, for which Purpose I propose these which follow.
First, As to the Place, let it be some private Oratory, if any such can be had, at least some Retirement, if the House, where they meet, will afford any such.
At Martins, both falling down on their Knees, let them implore the Asistance of God ; A. Saying, Prevent, we beseech thee, &c. Then, both rising, let them Say together, In the Name of the Father, &c. Then let A. Say the Invitatory, and B. repeat it every where as in the Book. Then, both continuing standing, let A. repeat one Stanza of the Hymn, and B. the other. Then let A. Say the Antiphon, and B. begin the Psalm, which they are to rečite alternately; or, if they like it better, let the Antiphon be said at the Beginning and End of the Pfalm, and the Verses of the Psalm be read alternately in the way of Psalmody, according to the present Practice of moji Congregations of the Church of England, which makes a most Divine Harmony in Worship betwixt the Priest and Chorus of the People. But the way of reciting the Antiphon, and the Verses of the Pfàlm alternately, is preferr’d by the Reformer, as well as the Author of the Devotions. The Primitive Church had them both from the Synagogue ; and there are many Examples of both to be found in the Book of Psalms. At the End of every Psalm, let A. Say, Glory be to the Father, &c. and B. As it
was in the Beginning, &c. both continuing to stand, and sewing some other Sign of Worship, by bowing the Head, or lifting up the Eyes to Heaven: For in all Devotion, the Exteriour Worship is 'never to be neglected; and those, stiff, morose, and faturnine Votists, who are lo Sparing of bodily Adoration in our most solemn Services, refusing to stand at the Singing of Psalms, and Anthems, or to bow to God before his Holy Altars, act not only against the common Notions of Minkind, and the Nature of Divine Worship, but, if they would observe it, against their own Inclinations ; which, if not restrained by false Preconceptions, or warpt contrary to their Bent by Ferverseness of Humour, and Education, would nuturally prompt them, like other Men to declare their invard by their outward Adoration, and join the Worship of the Body with the Devotion of the Soul. The Plalms being ended, let A. read the Lessons, and B the Responsories, till he come to the first Star, and i hen A. is to read to the second Star, where B. is to repeat what A. Said before, as is directed in all the Responsores.
The great Hymn, called, Te Deum, concludes the Sunday Mattins. Bene