« 前へ次へ »
ploring the death of his father, their founder, he was
Note 12. Stanza xxviii. scized with deep remorse, which manifested itself in
- in proud Scotland's royal shield, severe penances. See Nole 10, on Canto V. The battle
The ruddy lion ramp'd in gold. of Sauchie-burn, in which James III. fell, was fought The well-known arms of Scotland. If you will be18th June, 1488.
lieve Boethius and Buchanan, the double tressure round
the shield, mentioned p. 83, counter fleur-de-lised or, Note 1o. Stanza xxv.
lingued and armed azure, was first assumed by Spread all the Borough-moor below, etc.
Achaius, King of Scotland, contemporary of CharleThe Borough, or Common Moor of Edinburgh, was
magne, and founder of the celebrated League with of very great extent, reaching from the southern walls
France; but later antiquaries make poor Eochy, or of the city to the bottom of Braid Hills. It was an
Achy, little better than a sort of King of Brentford, ciently a forest; and, in that state, was so great a pui
whom old Grig (who has also swelled into Gregorius sance, that the inhabitants of Edinburgh had permission
Magnus) associated with himself in the important duty granted to them of building wooden galleries, projecting
of governing soine part of the north-eastern coast of over the street, in order to encourage them to consume
Scotland. the timber; which they seem to have done very effectually. When James IV. mustered the array of the kingdom there, in 1513, the Borough-moor was, ac
CANTO V. cording to Hawthornden, « a field spacious, and delightful by the shade of many stately and aged oaks.» Upon that, and similar occasions, the royal standard is tra.
Note 1. Introduction. ditionally said to have been displayed from the Harc
Caledonia's Queen is changed. Stane, a high stone, now built into the wall, on the left
The old town of Edinburgh was secured on the north hand of the highway leading towards Braid, not far
" side by a lake, now drained, and on the south by a from the head of Burntsfield-links. The Hare Stone wall which there was some attempt to make defensible probably derives its name from the British word ar,
even so late as 1745. The gates, and the greater part signifying an army.
of the wall, have been pulled down, in the course of
the late extensive and beautiful enlargement of the city. Note u. Stanza xxviii.
My ingenious and valued friend, Mr Thomas Campbell, O'er the pavilions flew.
proposed to celebrate Edinburgh under the epithet bere I do not exactly know the Scottish mode of encamp-borrowed. But the « Oncea of the North » bas not bera ment in 1513, but Patten gives a curious description of so fortunate as to receive from so eminent a pea the that which he saw after the battle of Pinkie, in 1547 :-) proposed distinction. « Here now to say somewhat of the manner of their
Note 2. Introduction. camp: As they had no pavilions, or round houses, of any cominendable compas, so wear there few other
Flinging tby white arms to the sea. tentes with posts, as the used manner of making is : Since writing this line, I find I have inadvertentis and of these few also, none of above twenty foot length. borrowed it almost verbatim, though with somewhat but most far under: for the most part all very sump
a different meaning, from a chorus io «Caractacus:tuously beset (after their fashion), for the love of
Britain beard the descant bold, France, with fleur-de-lys, some of blue buckram, some
She fung her white arms o'er the sea, of black and some of some other colours. These white
Proud in ber leafy bosom to unfold
The freight of barmony. ridges, as I call them, that, as we stood on Fauxsyde Bray, did make so great muster towards us, which I did
Note 3. Introduction. take then to be a number of tentes, when we came, we
Since first, w ben conquering York arose, found it a linen drapery, of the coarser cambryk in
To Henry meek she gave repose. dede, for it was all of canvas sheets, and wear the ten- Henry VI. with his queen, his beir, and the chiefs of ticles, or rather cabyns, and couches of their soldiers; his family, fled to Scotland after the fatal battle of the which (much after the common building of their Towton. In this note a doubt was formerly expressed. country beside) bad they framed of four sticks, about whether Henry VI. came to Edinburgh, though his quero an ell long a piece, whcarof two fastened together at certainly did; Mr Pinkerton inclining to believe that ter one end aloft, and the two endes beneath stuck in the remained at Kirkcudbright. But my noble friend, ground, an ell asunder, standing in fashion like the Lord Napier, has pointed out to me a grant by Heary. bowes of a sowes yoke; over two such bowes (one, as it of an annuity of forty merks to his lordship's ancestor, were, at their head, the other at their feet), they John Napier, subscribed by the king himself at Edinstretched a sheet down on both sides, whereby their burgh, the 28th day of August, in the thirty-ninth war cabin became roofed like a ridge, but skant shut at both of his reign, which corresponds to the year of God ends, and not very close beneath on the sides, unless 1461. This grant, Douglas, with his usual neglect of their sticks were the shorter, or their wives the more accuracy, dates in 1368. But this error being corrected liberal to lend them larger napery; howbeit, when they from the copy in Macfarlane's MSS. p. 119, 120, removes had lined them, and stuff'u them so thick with straw, all scepticism on the subject of Henry VI, being really with the weather as it was not very cold, when they at Edinburgh. John Napier was son and heir of Sur wear ones couched, they were as warm as they had Alexander Napier, and about this time was Provost of been wrape in horses' dung.»-Partex's dccount of Edinburgh. The hospitable reception of the distressed Somerset's Expedition.
monarch and his family called forth on Scotland the escemiam of Molinet, a contemporary poet. The Eng-knife, spear, or a good axe instead of a bow, if worth tak people, he says,
Tool.: their armour to be of white or bright harness. tog nouveau roy créerent
They wore white hats, i. e. bright steel caps without Par despiteus vouloir,
crest or visor. By an act of James IV. their weaponLe vieil en deboutorent,
shawings are appointed to be held four times a-year, Et son legitime boir,
under the aldermen or bailiffs.
Note 8. Stanza iii.
On foot the yeoman too.
Bows and quivers were in vain recommended to the
peasantry of Scotland, by repeated statutes : spears and - the romantic strain,
axes seem universally to have been used instead of Whose Anglo-Norman tones whilere
them. Their defensive armour was the plate-jack, Could win the royal Heary's ear.
hauberk, or brigantine: and their missile weapons Hr Ellis, in his valuable introduction to the « Spe cross-bows and culverins. All wore swords of excellent cores of Romance,» has proved, by the concurring temper, according to Patten, and a voluminous handtestimony of La Ravaillère, Tressan, but especially the kerchief round their neck, « not for cold, but for cutAbbe de la Rue, that the courts of our Anglo-Norman ting.) The mace also was much used in the Scottish kuse, rather than those of the French monarchs, pro- army. The old poem, on the battle of Flodden, menduend the birth of Romance literature. Marie, soon lions a bandaftet mentioned, compiled from Armorican originals,
Who manfully did meet their foes, and translated into Norman-French, or romance lan
With leaden mauls, and lances long. age, the twelve curious Lays, of which Mr Ellis has Tven us a précis in the Appendix to his Introduction. When the feudal array of the kingdom was called The story of Blondel, the famous and faithful minstrel forth, each man was obliged to appear with forty days' of Richard I., needs no commentary.
provision. When this was expended, which took place
before the battle of Flodden, the army melted away Note 5. Stanza i.
of course. Almost all the Scottish forces, except a few The cloth-yard arrows fiew like hail.
knights, men-al-arms, and the Border-prickers, who This is no poetical exaggeration. In some of the
the formed excellent light cavalry, acted upon foot. unkors of England, distinguished for archery, shafts this citraordinary length were actually used. Thus,
Note 9. Stanza vi. at the battle of Blackheath, between the troops of
A banquet rich, and costly wines. Brary VII. and the Cornish insurgents, in 1496, the In all transactions, of great or petty importance, and bredge of Dartford was defended by a picked band of among whomsocver taking place, it would seem, that a arhers from the rebel army, « whose arrows,» says present of wine was an uniform and indispensable pre
Insbed, « were in length a full cloth-yard.» The liminary. It was not to Sir John Falstaff alone that Soutisha, according to Ascham, had a proverb, that such an introductory preface was pecessary, however * English archer carried under his belt twenty-four well judged and acceptable on the part of Mr Brook ; Sco, in allusion to his bundle of unerring shafts. | for Sir Ralph Sadler, while on embassy to Scotland, in Note 6. Stanza ii.
1539-40, mentions with complacency, « the same night To pass, to wheel, the croape to gain,
came Rothesay (the herald so called) 10 mc again, and And bigh curvett, tbat pot in vain
brought me wine from the king, both white and red.n Tbe sword-sway might descend a main
Clifford's Edition, p. 39.
Note 10. Stanza ix. . The most useful air, as the Frenchmen term it, is
- his iron belt, territett; the courbettes, cabrioles, or un pas et un
That bound his breast in penance pain, watt, being fitter for horses of parade and triumph
In memory of his father slain. fag for soldiers: yet I cannot deny but a demivolte
Few readers need to be reminded of this belt, to the vel courbettes, so that they be not too high, may be
weight of which James added certain ounces every year una fal in a fight or meslee, for, as Labroue hath it, in
that he lived. Pitscottie founds his belief, that James hne Book of Horsemanship, Monsieur de Montmorency was not slain in the battle of Flodden, because the having a horse that was excellent in performing the English pever had this token of the iron-belt to show drmtrolte, did, with his sword, strike down two ad
to any Scotsman. The person and character of James uraries from their horses in a tourney, where divers of
are delineated according to our best historians. llis prime gallants of France did meet; for, taking his
did meet; for, taking his romantic disposition, which led him highly to relish Imr, when the horse was in the height of his courbette,
gaiety, approaching to license, was, at the same time, and duscharging a blow then, his sword fell with such
tinged with enthusiastic devotion. These propensities night and force upon the two cavaliers, one after
sometimes formed a strange contrast. He was wont, mother, that he struck them from their horses to the
during his fits of devotion, to assume the dress, and round. --Lord Herbert of Cherbury's Life, p. 48. conform to the rules, of the order of Franciscans; and Note 7. Stanza ii.
when he had thus done pevance for some time in He saw the bards burgbers there
Stirling, to plunge again into the tide of pleasure. ProMarch ara'd, on foot, with faces bare.
bably, too, with no unusual inconsistency, be someThe Scottish bargesses were, like yeomen, appointed times laughed at the superstitious observances to which Lo be armed with bows and sheaves, sword, buckler, he at other times subjected himself. There is a very singular poem by Dunbar, seemingly addressed to nobility, who did not sympathise in the king's respec James IV. on one of these occasions of monastic se- for the fine arts, were extremely incensed at the honour clusion. It is a most daring and profane parody on conferred on those persons, particularly on Cochrane the services of the church of Rome, entitled,
a mason, who had been created Earl of Mar. Anu
seizing the opportunity, when, in 1482, the king ha. Dunbar's Dirge to the King, Byding ower lang in Striviking.
convoked the whole array of the country to maru
against the English, they held a midnight counsel We that are here, in beaven's glory, To you that are in purgatory,
the church of Lauder, for the purpose of forcibly Commend us on our hearty wise ;
removing these minions from the king's person. Wheo I mean we folks in Paradise,
all had agreed on the propriety of the measure, Lond In Edinburgh, with all merriness, To rou in Stirling, with distress,
Gray told the assembly the apologue of the Mice, who Wbere neither pleasure nor delight is,
had formed the resolution, that it would be highly For pity this epistle wrytis, etc.
advantageous to their community to tie a bell round the See the whole in SIBBALD's Collection, vol. I, p. 234.
cat's neck, that they might hear her approach at a
distance; but wbich public measure unfortunately Note 11. Stanza x.
miscarried, from no mouse being willing to underSir Hugh the Horon's wife beld sway.
take the task of fastening the bell. «I understand die It has been already noticed, that King James's ac- moral,» said Angus, «and, that what we propose mar quaintance with Lady Heron of Ford did not commence not lack execution, I will bell the cat. The rest of until he marched into England. Our historians impute the strange scene is thus told by Pitscottie :to the king's infatuated passion the delays which led to « By this was advised and spoken by thir lords a the fatal defeat of Flodden. The author of « The foresaid, Cochran, the Earl of Mar, came from the Genealogy of the Heron Family» endeavours, with king to the council (which counsel was holden in the laudable anxiety, to clear the Lady Ford from this kirk of Lauder for the time), who was well acconscandal : that she came and went, however, between panied with a band of men of war, to the number of the armies of James and Surrey, is certain. See Pin-three hundred light axes, all clad in white livery, and KERTON'S History, and the authorities he refers to, vol. black bends thereon, that they might be known for II, p. 99. Heron of Ford had been, in 151, io some Cochran Earl of Mar's men. Himself was clad in a sort accessary to the slaughter of Sir Robert Ker of riding-pie of black velvet, with a great chain of gold Cessford, Warden of the Middle Marches. It was com- about his neck, to the value of five hundred crowus. mitted by his brother the bastard, Lilburn, and Starked, and four blowing horns, with both the ends of gold three Borderers. Lilburn, and Heron of Ford, were and silk, set with a precious stone, called a berryl delivered up by Heory to James, and were imprisoned hanging in the midst. This Cochran had his heumcat in the fortress of Fastcastle, where the former died. born before him, overgilt with gold; and so were all Part of the pretence of Lady Ford's negotiations with the rest of his horns, and all his pallions were of fine James was the liberty of her husband.
canvas of silk, and the cords thereof fine twined silk, Note 12. Stanza x.
and the chains upon his pallions were double overgili. For tbe fair Queen of France
with gold. Sent him a Turquois ring, and glore,
« This Cochran was so proud in his conceit, that be And charged him, as ber knigbt and love,
counted no lords to be marrows to him; therefore le For her to break a lance.
rushed rudely at the kirk-door. The council enquired « Also the Queen of France wrote a love-letter to the who it was that perturbed them at that time. Ser King of Scotland, calling him her love, showing him Robert Douglas, laird of Lochleven, was keeper of the that she had suffered much rebuke in France for the kirk-door at that time, who enquired who that ni defending of his honour. She believed surely that he that knocked so rudely? And Cochran answered, Tb: would recompense her again with some of his kingly is I, the Earl of Mar.' The which news pleased well the support in her necessity: that is to say, that he would lords, because they were ready boun to cause take him, raise her an army, and come three foot of ground on as is afore rehearsed. Then the Earl of Angus pane English ground, for her sake. To that effect she sent hastily to the door, and with him Sir Robert Douglas him a ring off her finger, with fourteen thousand of Lochleven, there to receive in the Earl of Mar, and French crowns to pay his expenses.» PITSCOTTIE, so many of his complices who were there, as they p. 110.- A Turquois ring ;-probably this fatal gift is, thought good. And the Earl of Angus met with the with James's sword and dagcer, preserved in the College Earl of Mar, as he came in at the door, and pulled the of Heralds, London.
golden chain from his craig, and said to him a tow Note 13. Stanza xiv.
would set him better. Sir Robert Douglas syne palled -Archibald Bell-the-Cat.
the blowing horn from him in like manner, and suid.
• He had been the hunter of mischief over long. This Archibald Douglas, Earl of Angus, a man remarkable
Cochran asked, “My lords, is it mows, ' or earnest* for strength of body and mind, acquired the popular
They answered, and said, 'It is good earnest, and no name of Bell-the-Cat, upon the following remarkable
thou shalt find : for thou and thy complices have abused occasion : James the Third, of whom Pitscollie com
our prince this long time; of whom thou shalt bave plains, that be delighted more in music, and policies
no more credence, but shall have thy reward according of building,» than in hunting, hawking, and other
to thy good service, as thou hast deserverd in time noble exercises, was so ill-advised, as to make favour
by past; right so the rest of thy followers. ites of his architects, and musicians, whom the same Listorian irreverently terms masons and hddlers. His
i Notwithstanding, the lords held them quiet till they failure of his negotiation, for matching the infant Mary
used certain armed men to pass into the king's pal- with Edward VI. He says, that though this place was Lon, and two or three wise men to pass with them, poorly furnished, it was of such strength as might warund pive the king fair pleasant words, till they laid rant him against the malice of his enemies, and that luxods on all the king's servants, and took them and he now thought himself out of danger, hanged them before his eyes over the bridge of Lawder. There is a military tradition, that the old Scottish lacoatinent they brought forth Cochran, and his hands March was meant to express the words. hound with a tow, who desired them to take one of his
Ding down Tantallon, own pallion tows and bind his hands, for he thought
Mak a brig to the Bass. da me to have his hands bound with such a tow of Tantallon was at length «dung down» and ruined Lemp, like a thicf. The lords answered, he was a by the Covenanters; its lord, the Marquis of Douglas, Traitor, he deserved no better; and, for despight, they being a favourer of the royal cause. The castle and took a hair tether,' and banged him over the bridge barony were sold in the beginning of the eighteenth of Laxder, above the rest of his complices.»-PITSCOT-century to President Dalrymple of North Berwick, by TIL, P. 78, folio edit.
the then Marquis of Douglas.
Note 16. Stanza xv.
--their motto on his blade.
A very ancient sword in possession of Lord Douglas Angus was an old man when the war against England bears, among a great deal of flourishing, two hands was resolved upon. He earnestly spoke against that pointing to a heart which is placed betwixt them, and measure from its commencement; and, on the eve of the date 1329, beiog the year in which Bruce charged the battle of Flodden, remonstrated so freely on the the Good Lord Douglas to carry his heart to the Holy are policy of fighting, that the king said to him with Land. The following lincs (the first couplet of which brera and indignation, « if he was afraid, he might go is quoted by Godscroft as a popular saying in his time) latne The earl burst into tears at this insupportable | are inscribed around the emblem: salt, and retired accordingly, leaving his sons, George,
So mony guid as of ye Douglas beinge, master of Angus, and Sir William of Glenbervie, to
Of ane surname was ne'er in Scotland seine. Conand his followers. They were both slain in the
I will ye charge, efter yat I depart, Lattle, with two hundred gentlemen of the name of
To holy grawe, and there bury my hart; Douglas. The aged earl, broken-hearted at the cala
Let it remaine ever ROTWE TIME AND HOW mities of his bouse and country, retired into a religious
To ye last day I sie my Saviour. kaose, where he died about a year after the field of
I do protest in tyme of al my ringe,
Ye lyk subject bad never ony keing.
This curious and valuable relique was nearly lost during
the civil war of 1745.6, being carried away from Douibe ruins of Tantallon Castle occupy a high rock glas Castle by some of those in arms for Prince Charles, * projecting into the German ocean, about two miles east But great interest having been made by the Duke of
of North Berwick. The building is not seen till a close Douglas among the chief partisans of Stuart, it was at approach, as there is rising ground betwixt it and the length restored. It resembles a Highland claymore, of Land. The circuit is of large extent, fenced upon three the usual size, is of an excellent temper, and adınirably vides by the precipice which overhangs the sea, and on poized. the fourth by a double ditch and very strong outworks, Tantalion was a principal castle of the Douglas family,
Note 17. Stanza xxi.
- Martin Swart. and when the Earl of Angus was banished, in 1527, it
The name of this German general is preserved by that continued to hold out against James V. The king went a person against it, and, for its reduction, borrowed of
ved of the field of battle, which is called, after him, Swartfrom the castle of Dunbar, then belonging to the Duke moo
Duke moor.-There were songs about him long current in
England. --Sce Dissertation prefixed to Ritson's Ancient of Albany, two great cannons, whose names, as Pitscot
Songs, 1792, page lxi. tre informs as with laudable minuteness, were « Thrawnwanauth d Mow and her Marrow ;» also, « two great bot
Note 18. Stanza xxi. rards, and two moyan, two double falcons, and four
Perchance some form was unobserved : quarter falcons ;n for the safe guiding and re-delivery
Perchance in prayer, or faith, be swerved. of which, three lords were laid in pawn at Dunbar. Yet, ! It was early necessary for those who felt themselves wotwithstanding all this apparatus, James was forced obliged to believe in the divine judgment being enunto raise the siege, and only afterwards obtained pos- ciated in the trial by ducl, to find salvos for the strange assion of Tantallon by treaty with the governor, Si- and obviously precarious chances of the combat, Vamaron Panango. When the Earl of Angus returned from rious curious evasive shifts, used by those who took up banishrnent, apon the death of James, be again ob- an unrighteous quarrel, were supposed sufficient to contined possession of Tantallon, and it actually afforded vert it into a just one. Thus, in the romance of u Amys refuge to an English ambassador, under circumstances and Amelion,» the one brother-in-arms, fighting for the similar to those described in the text. This was no other, disguised in his armour, swears that he did not other than the celebrated Sir Ralph Sadler, who resided commit the crime of which the Steward, his antagonist, there for some time under Angus's protection, after the
"The very curious State Papers of this able negotiator have been lately published by Mr Clifford, with some Notes by the author of Marmion.
truly though maliciously, accused him whom he repre- and Plotcock, so far from implying any thing fabulons, sented. Brantome tells a story of an Italian, who en- was a synonyme of the grand enemy of mankind. tered the lists upon an unjust quarrel, but, to make his « Yet all their warnings, and uncouth tidings, nor no cause good, fled from his enemy at the first onset. good counsel, might stop the king, at this present, from « Turn, coward !» exclaimed his antagonist. « Thou his vain purpose, and wicked enterprise, but hasted liest,» said the Italian, « coward am I none; and in this him fast to Edinburgh, and there to make bis proviquarrel will I fight to the death, but my first cause of sions and furnishing, in having forth of his army combat was unjust, and I abandon it.» « Je vous laisse against the day appointed, that they should meet in à penser, » adds Brantome, «s'il n'y a pas de l'abus la.» the Burrow-muir of Edinburgh: that is to say, seren Elsewhere, he says, very sensibly, upon the confidence cannons that he had forth of the castle of Edinburgh. which those who had a righteous cause entertained of which were called the Seven Sisters, casten by Robert victory; « Un autre abus y avoit-il, que ceux qui Borthwick, the master-gunner, with other small artilavoient un juste subjet de querelle, et qu'on les faisoit lery, bullet, powder, and all manner of order, as the jurer avant entrer au camp, pensoient estre aussilostmaster-gunner could devise. vainqueurs, voire s'en assuroient-t-ils du tout, mesme « In this mean time, when they were taking forth que leurs confesseurs, parrains, et confidants leurs en their artillery, and the king being in the Abbey for the respondoient tout-a-fait, comme si Dieu leur en eust time, there was a cry heard at the Market-cross of Edindonné une patente; et ne regardant point à d'autres | burgh, at the hour of midnight, proclaiming as it baud fautes passées, et que Dieu en garde la punition à ce been a summons, which was named and called by the coup là pour plus grande, despiteuse, et exemplaire.» | proclaimer thereof, The Summons of Plotcock; which -Discours sur les Duels.
desired all men to compear, both Earl, and Lord, an! Note 19. Stanza xxv.
Baron, and all honest gentlemen within the town Dun-Edin's Cross.
(every man specified by his own name), to compear, The Cross of Edinburgh was an ancient and curious
| within the space of forty days, before his master. structure. The lower part was an octagonal tower, six where it should happen him to appoint, and be for the tecn feet in diameter, and about fifteen feet high. A time, under the pain of disobedience. But wbether cach angle there was a pillar, and between them an
this summons was proclaimed by vain persons, nightarch, of the Grecian shape. Above these was a pro
walkers, or drunken men, for their pastime, or if it jecting battlement, with a turret at each corner, and
was a spirit, I cannot tell truly; but it was shown to medallions, of rude but curious workmanship, between
me, that an indweller of the town, Mr Richard Laxthem. Above these rose the proper Cross, a column of
son, being evil-disposed, ganging in his gallery-stair one stone, upwards of twenty feet high, surmounteel
foreanent the cross, hearing this voice proclaiming this with a unicorn, This pillar is preserved at the House
summons, thought marvel what it should be, cried on of Drum, near Edinburgh. The magistrates of Edin
his servant to bring him his purse; and when he had burgh, in 1756, with consent of the Lords of Session,
| brought him it, he took out a crown, and cast over the (prol pudor!) destroyed this curious monument, under
stair, saying, I appeal from that summons, judgment, a wanton pretext that it encumbered the street; while,
and sentence thereof, and takes me all whole in the ou the one hand, they left an ugly mass, called the
mercy of God, in Christ Jesus his son. Verily the arLuckenbooths, and, on the other, an awkward, long, thor of this, that caused me write the manner of thr and low guard-house, which were fifty times more en
summons, was a landed gentleman, who was at that cumbrance than the venerable and inoffensive Cross.
time twenty years of age, and was in the town the From the tower of the Cross, so long as it remained, I tin
emained, time of the said summons; and thereafter, when the the heralds published the acts of parliament; and its field was stricken, he swore to me, there was no man site, marked by radii, diverging from a stone centre, in
that escaped that was called in this summons, but that the High Street, is still the place where proclamations
one man alone which made his protestation, and arare made,
pealed from the said summons: but all the lave were Note 20. Stanza xxv.
perished in the field with the king.» This awful summons came. This supernatural citation is mentioned by all our
Note 21. Stanza xxix. Scottish historians. It was probably, like the appari
Fitz-Eustace bade tbom pause a while tion at Linlithgow, an attempt, by those averse to the
Before a venerable pile. war, to impose upon the superstitious temper of James The convent alluded to is a foundation of Cistertian JV. The following account from l'itscottie is charac- nuns, near North Berwick, of which there are stis teristically minute, and furnishes, besides, some curious some remains. It was founded by Duncan, Earl of particulars of the equipment of the army of James Fife, in 1216. IV. I need only add to it, that Plotcock, or Plutock,
Note 23. Stanza xxxi. is no other than Pluto. The christians of the middle
That one of his own ancestry ages by no means disbelieved in the existence of the
Drove the monks forth of Coventry. heathen deities : they only considered them as devils ;'
This relates to the catastrophe of a real Robert de Soo, on this corious subject, the Essay on Fairies, in the • Bor- | Marmion, in the reign of King Stephen, whom William der Minstrelsy, vol. II, under the fourth head; also Jackson on
J of Newbury describes with some attributes of my ficl'abelief, p. 175. Chaucer calls Pluto the King of Faerie;, and Dunbar Dames bim Pluto, that elrich incabus.. If be was not titious hero: «Homo bellicosus, ferocia, et astubia, actually the devil, he must be considered as the prince of the fere nullo suo tempore impar. This baron, haviny power of thair. The most remarkable instance of these ser
cxpelled the monks from the church of Coventry, was ! viving classical superstitions, is that of the Germans, concerning the ftill of Venus, iuto which she attempts to entice all gallant
not Jong of experiencing the divine judgment, as the knights, and detains them in a sort of Fool's Paradise.
same monks no doubt fermed his disaster. Having