« 前へ次へ »
A frenzy fired the throng;
Can bid the weak be strong.
A native earth, a promised leaven; • To us, as to our lords, belongs
The vengeance for our nation's wrongs,
Then, in his stirrups rising high, He shouted loud his battle-cry,
« Saint James for Argentine !»
An axe has razed his crest;
He rode with spear in rest,
And through his gallant breast.
And swung his broadsword round! -Stirrup, steel boot, and cuish gave way, Beneath that blow's tremendous sway,
The blood gush'd from the wound; And the grim lord of Colonsay
Hath turn'd him on the ground, And laugh'd in death-pang, that his blade The mortal thrust so well repaid.
Or made but doubtful stay ;-
The boldest broke array. 0! give their hapless prince his due ! (24) Jn vain the royal Edward threw
His person 'mid the spears,
And cursed their caitiff fears ;
But quitted there the train :
In yonder field a gage I left,I must not live of fame bereft;
I needs must turn again.
I know his bander well.
Once more, my liege, farewell.»—
Fell faintly on his ear!
The wounded knight drew near.
The effort was in vain!
He stumbled on the plain.
« Lord earl, the day is thine!
Yet this may Argentine,
XXXII. Again he faced the battle-field, Wildly they fly, are slain, or yield. « Now then, he said, and couch d his spear, « My course is run, the goal is near; One effort more, one brave career,
Must close this race of mine.»
It stiffen'd and grew cold-
The arm in battle bold, The courteous mien, the noble race, The stainless faith, the manly face! Bid Ninian's convent light their shrine, For late-wake of De Argentine. O'er better knight on death-bier laid, Torch never cleam'd nor mass was said !»-
XXXV. Nor for De Argentine alone, Through Ninian's church these torches shone, And rose the death-prayer's awful tone. (25) That yellow lustre glimmer'd pale, On broken plate and bloodied mail, Rent crest and shatter'd coronet, Of baron, earl, and banneret; And the best names that England knew, Claim'd in the death-prayer dismal due.
Yet mourn not, Land of Fame! Though ne'er the leopards on thy shield Retreated from so sad a field,
Since Norman William came,
Grudge not her victory,
To node so dear as thee!
Go boldly forth; por yet thy master blame,
And graced thy numbers with no friendly name, Whose partial zeal might smooth thy path to fame.
There was -and 0! how many sorrows crowd Into these two brief words !-- there was a claim
By generous friendship given-had fate allow'd, It well had bid thee rank the proudest of the proud!
All angel now-yet little less than all,
While still a pilgrim in our world below! What 'vails it us that patience to recal,
Which hid its own, to soothe all other voe; What'vails to tell, how virtue's purest glow
Shone yet more lovely in a form so fair ;And, least of all, what 'vails the world should kaow,
That one poor garland, twined to deck thy hair, Is hung upon thy hearse, to droop and wither there!
« For the mute page had spoke.»— « Page !» said Fitz-Louis, « rather say An angel sent from realms of day,
To burst the English yoke.
Note 1. Stanza i.
Thy rugged balls, Artornish! rung. The ruins of the castle of Artornish are situated upon a promontory, on the Morven, or main-land side of the Sound of Mull, a name given to the decp arm of the sea which divides that island from the cootinent. The situation is wild and romantic in the higbest de gree, having on the one hand a high and precipitots chain of rocks overhanging the sea, and on the other the narrow entrance to the beautiful salt-water lake, called Loch-Alline, which is in many places finely! fringed with copse-wood. The ruins of Artornish are not now very considerable, and consist chiefly of the remains of an old keep, or tower, with fragments o outward defences. But, in former days, it was a plan of great consequence, being one of the principal strongholds which the Lords of the Isles, during the period of their stormy independence, possessed upon the mainland of Argyleshire. Here they assembled what popelar tradition calls their parliaments, meaning, I suppose, their cour plenière, or assembly of feudal and patriarchal vassals and dependents. From this castie of Artornish, upon the 19th day of October, 1961, John de Yle, designing himself Earl of Ross and Lord of the Isles, granted, in the style of an independent sovereign. a commission to his trusty and well-beloved cousins, Ronald of the Isles, and Duocan, Archdean of the Isles, for empowering them to enter into a treaty with the most excellent Prince Edward, by the grace of God King of France and England, and Lord of Ireland. Edward IV., on his part, named Laurence Dishop of Dur bam, the Earl of Worcester, the Prior of St John's Lord Wenlock, and Mr Robert Stillington, keeper of the privy scal, his deputies and commissioners, to confr with those named by the Lord of the Isles. The cos ference terminated in a treaty, by which the Lord of
she Isles agreed to become a vassal to the crown of Scotlande be conquered and subdued as above, then he England, and to assist Edward IV, and James Earl of shall have, enjoie, and inherite all his own possessions, Douglas, then in banishment, in subduing the realm of landes, and inheritance, on this syde the seid ScotScotland,
tishe see; that is to saye, betwixt the seid Scottishe see The first article provides, that John de Isle, Earl of and England, such he hath enjoied and be possess. Ross, with his son Donald Balloch, and his grandson ed of before this; there to holde them of the seid Johan de Isle, with all their subjects, men, people, and most high and christien prince, his heires, and succesinbabitants, become vassals and liegemen to Edward sours, as is aboveseid, for evermore in right of the IV. of England, and assist him in his wars in Scotland croune of Englande, as weel the seid Erle of Douglas, or Ireland; and then follow the allowances to be made as his heires and successours, by homage and feaute to to the Lord of the Isles, in recompense of his military be done therefore.»---RYMER'S Fædera, Conventiones, service, and the provisions for dividing such conquests Literæ et cujuscunque generis Acta Publica, Fol. vol. as their united arms should make upon the main-land V. 1741. of Scotland among the confederates. These appear such Such was the treaty of Artornish; but it does not apcurious illustrations of the period, that they are here pear that the allies ever made any very active effort to subjoined:
realize their ambitious designs. It will serve to show Item, The said John Erle of Rosse, sball, from the both the power of these reguli, and their independence sid fest of Whittesontyde next comyng, yerely, durying of the crown of Scotland. dus lyf, have and take, for fees and wages in tym of It is only farther necessary to say of the castle of peas, of the seid most high and christien prince c, marc Artornish, that it is almost opposite to the bay of Aros, sterlynges of Englysh money; and in tyme of werre, in the Island of Mull, where there was another castle, as long as he shall entend with his myght and power in the occasional residence of the Lord of the Isles. the seid werres, in maner and fourme aboveseid, le
Note 2. Stanza ii. slaall have wages of cc. lib. sterlyng of Eaglysh money
Rude lleiskar's seal through surfes dark yerely; and after the rate of the tyme that he shall be
Will long parsue the minstrel's bark. Occupyed in the seid werres.
The seal displays a taste for music, which could Item, The seid Donald shall, from the seid feste of scarcely be expected from his habits and local prediWhittesontyde, have and take, during his lyf, yerely, lections. They will long follow a boat in which any in time of peas, for bis fees and wages, xx, I. sterlynges musical instrument is played, and even a tuue simply of Englysta money; and, when he shall be occupied and whistled has attractions for them. The Dean of the weud to the werre, with his myght and power, and in Isles says of Heiskar, a small uninhabited rock, about maner and fourme aboveseid, he shall have and take, twelve (Scottish) miles from the Isle of Uist, that an infor his wages yerely, xl. I. sterlynge of Englysh money; finite slaughter of seals takes place there. or for the rate of the tyme of werre.-
Note 3. Stanza vii. Item, The seid John, sonn and heire apparent of
-dark Mall! thy mighty Sound. the said Donald, shall have and take, yerely, from the
The Sound of Mull, wbich divides that island from med feste, for his fees and wages, in the tyme of peas, the continent of Scotland, is one of the most striking 1.1. sterlynges of Englysh money; and for tyme of
scenes which the Hebrides afford to the traveller, Sailerre, and his intendyng thereto, in maner and fourmeling from Oban to Aros, on
ing from Oban to Aros, or Tobermory, through a narboveseid, he shall have, for his fees and wages, yerely
or his fees ang wages, yerery row channel, yet deep enough to bear vessels of the XX. I sterlynges of Eoglish money; or after the rate of largest burthen, he has on his left the bold and mounthe tyme that he shall be occupied in the werre : and tainous shores of Mull: on the right those of that disthr seid John, the Erle Donald and John, and eche of trict of Argyleshire, called Moryen, or Morvern, succesthem, shall have good and sufficiaunt paiment of the sively indented by deep salt-water lochs, runoiog up w fees and wages, as wel for tyme of peas as of werre, many miles in land. To the south-eastward arises a proaux ordyog to these articules and appoyntements. Item, digious' range of mountains, among which Cruachan It is appointed, accorded, concluded, and finally deter-Ben is pre-eminent. And to the north-east is the no bined, that, if it so be that hereafter the seid reaume less huge and picturesque range of the Ardnamurchan of Scotlande, or the more part thereof, be conquered, hills. Many ruinous castles, situated generally upon subdued, and brought to the obeissance of the seid most cliffs overhanging the ocean, add interest to the scene. laugh and christien prince, and his heires, or succes- Those of Dunolly and Dunstaffnage are first passed, loures, of the said Lionnell, in fourme aboveseid de. then that of Duart, formerly belonging to the chief of Mendyng, be the assistance, helpe, and aide of the seid the warlike and powerful sept of Macleans, and the loba Erle of Rosse, and Donald, and of James Erle of scene of Miss Baillie's beautiful tragedy, cntitled the Douglas, then, the said fees and wages for the time of Family Legend. Still passing on to the northward, pas cessyng, the same erles and Donald shall have, Artornish and Aros become visible upon the opposite Lay the graunte of the same most christien prince, all shores, and, lastly, Mingarry, and other ruins of less the possessions of the seid reaume beyonde Scottish distinguished note. In finc weather, a grander and re, they to be departed equally betwix them; eche of more impressive scene, both from its natural beauties,
em, his heires and successours, to holde his parte of and associations with ancient history and tradition, can ne seid most christien prince, his heires, and succes-hardly be imagined. When the weather is rough, the nar, for evermore, in right of his croune of England, passage is both difficult and dangerous, from the narby homage and feaute to be done therefore.
rowness of the channel, and in part from the number Item, If so be that, by the aide and assistance of of ioland lakes, out of which sally forth a number of be send James Erle of Douglas, the said reaume of conflicting and thwarting tides, making the navigation
perilous to open boats. The sudden flaws and gusts of began his enterprise in 1644, by taking the castles of wind which issue without a moment's warning from Kinloch-Alline and Mingarry, the last of which made the mountain glens are equally formidable. So that considerable resistance, as might, from the strength of in unsettled weather, a stranger, if not much accus- the situation, be expected. In the mean while, Alister tomed to the sea, may sometimes add to the other sub Mac-Donnel's ships, which had brought him over, were lime scnsations excited by the scene, that feeling of attacked in Loch Eisord, in Skye, by an armament sent dignity which arises from a sense of danger.
round by the covenanting parliament, and his own
vessel was taken. This circumstance is said chiefly to Note 4. Stanza viji. A
have induced him to continue in Scotland, where there From flirt
seemed little prospect of raising an army in behalf of To the green Ilay's fertile shore.
the king. He had no sooner moved eastward to join The number of the western isles of Scotland exceeds
Montrose, a junction which he effected in the brass of two hundred, of which St Kilda is the most northerly,
Athole, than the Marquis of Argyle besieged the casde anciently called Hirth or Hirt, probably from « earth,»
of Mingarry, but without success. Among other war being in fact the whole globe to its inhabitants. Ilay,
| riors and chiefs whom Argyle summoned to his camp which now belongs almost entirely to Walter Campbell,
to assist upon this occasion, was John of Moidart, the Esq. of Shawfield, is by far the most fertile of the le
Captain of Clanronald. Clanronald appeared; but, far brides, and has been greatly improved under the spirited
from yielding effectual assistance to Argyle, he took and sagacious management of the present proprietor.
the opportunity of being in arms to lay waste the disThis was in ancient times the principal abode of the
trict of Sunard, then belonging to the adherents of Ar- . Lords of the Isles, being, if not the largest, the most
Gyle, and sent part of the spoil to relieve the castle of important island of their archipelago. In Martin's time,
Mingarry. Thus the castle was maintained until re some relics of their grandeur were yet extant. « Loch
lieved by Alister Mac-Donnel (Colkitto), who had Finlagan, about three miles in circumference, affords
been detached for the purpose by Montrose. These per salmon, trouts, and eels; this lake lies in the centre of
ticulars are hardly worth mentioning, were they not the isle. The isle Finlagan, from which this lake bath
connected with the memorable successes of Montrose, its name, is in it. It is famous for being once the court related by an eye-witness, and hitherto unknown te in which the great Mack-Donald, King of the Isles, had | Scottish historiaus. his residence; his houses, chappel, etc. are now ruinous.
Note 6. Stanza viii. His gardes du corps, called Luicht-tach, kepe guard on the lakeside nearest to the isle; the walls of their houses
The Heir of mighty Somerled. are still to be seen there. The high court of judieature,
Somerled was Thane of Argyle and Lord of the Isles,
was about the middle of the twelfth century. He seems to consisting of fourteen, sat always here; and there was
have exercised bis authority in both capacities inde an appeal to them from all the courts in the isles ; the eleventh share of the sum io debate was due to the
to the pendent of the crown of Scotland, against lich be principal judge. There was a big stone of seven foot
often stood in hostility. He made various incursiops square, in which there was a deep impression made to upon the western Lowlands during the reign of Malcolm receive the feet of Mack-Donald ; for he was crowned TV., and seems to have made peace with him upon the King of the Isles standing in this stone, and swore that terms of an independent prince, about the year 115-. he would continue his vassals in the possession of their o 1164, he resumed the war against Malcolm, and in lands, and do exact justice to all his subjects: and then vaded Scotland with a large, but probably a tumultuart bis father's sword was put into his hands. The Bishop army, collected in the isles, in the main-land of Argyle of Argyle and seven priests anointed him king, in pre- shire, and in the neighbouring provinces of Ireland sence of all the heads of the tribes in the isles and con- He was defeated and slain in an engagement with a tinent, and were his vassals; at which time the orator very inferior force, near Renfrew. His son Gillicole rehearsed a catalogue of his ancestors, etc.»--MARTIN'S fell in the same battle. This mighty chieftaia married Account of the Western Isles, octavo, London, 1716, a daughter of Olaus, King of Man. From him oar p. 240, 1.
nealogists deduce two dynasties, distinguished in the Note 5. Stanza viii.
stormy history of the middle ages; the Lords of the
Isles descended from his elder son Ronald, and the - - Mingarry, sternly placed, O'erawas the woodland and the waste.
Lords of Lorn, who took their surname of M'Dougal, a
descended of his second son Dougal. Thar Somerled's The castle of Mingarry is situated on the seacoast of the district of Ardoamurchan. The ruins, which are
territories upon the main-land, and upon the islands, tolerably entire, are surrounded by a very high wall,
should have been thus divided between his tvo s ! forming a kind of polygon, for the purpose of adapting
instead of passing to the elder exclusively, may illaitself to the projecting angles of a precipice overhang
trate the uncertainty of descent among the grear Hugby
land families, which we shall presently notice. ing the sea, on which the castle stands. It was anciently the residence of the Mac-lans, a clan of Mac-Do
Note 7. Stanza vüi. nalds descended from lan, or John, a grandson of An
LORD or te laten. gus Og, Lord of the Isles. The last time that Mingarry The representative of this independent principality.' was of military importance, occurs in the celebrated for such it seems to have been, though acknowledge Leabhar-dearg, or Red-book of Clanronald, a MS. re- occasionally the pre-eminence of the Scottista crown, Downed in the Ossianic controversy. Alister Mac was, at the period of the poem, Angus, called Ange Donnel, commonly called Colkitto, who commanded Og; but the name bas been, euphoniæ gratia, exchange the Irish auxiliaries, sent over by the Earl of Antrim for that of Ronald, which frequently occurs in the r during the great civil war to the assistance of Montrose, ncalogy. Angus was a protector of Robert Bruce, whom ! he received in his castle of Dunnaverty, during the time his father's life-time, and was old in the government at of his greatest distress. As I shall be equally liable to lis father's death, ceasure for attempting to decide a controversy which «He assembled the gentry of the Isles, brought the has long existed between three distinguished chieftains sceptre from Kildonan in Eig, and delivered it to his of this family, who have long disputed the representa- brother Donald, who was thereupon called M‘Donald, tion of the Lord of the Isles, or for leaving a question and Donald Lord of the Isles,' contrary to the opinion of such importance altogether untouched, I chuse, in of the men of the Isles. the first place, to give such information as I have been «Ronald, son of John, son of Angus Og, was a great able to derive from Highland genealogists, and which, supporter of the church and clergy; his descendants for those who have patience to investigate such sub-are called Clanronald. He gave the lands of Tiruma, jects, really contains some curious information con- in Uist, to the minister of it for ever, for the honour of cerning the history of the Isles. In the second place, I God and Columkill; he was proprietor of all the lands shall offer a few remarks upon the rules of succession of the north along the coast and the isles; he died in at that period, without pretending to decide their bear the year of Christ, 1386, in his own mansion of Castle ing upon the question at issue, which inust depend | Tirim, leaving five children. Donald of the Isles, son apoa evidence which I have had no opportunity to ex-of John, son of Angus Og, the brother of Ronald, took amine.
possession of Innisgall by the consent of his brother and « Aagus Og, says an ancient manuscript translated the gentry thereof; they were all obedient to him ; he from the Gaelie, « son of Angus Mor, son of Donald, married Mary Lesly, daughter to the Earl of Ross, and sop of Ronald, son of Somerled, high chief and superior by her came the earldom of Ross to the M‘Donalds. Lord of Innisgall (or the Isles of the Gael, the general After his succession to that earldom, he was called tame given to the Hebrides), he married a daughter of M'Donald, Lord of the Isles, and Earl of Ross. There Cunbui, namely, Cathan ; she was mother to John, son are many things written of him in other places. of Angus, and with her came an unusual portion from «He fought the battle of Garioch (i. e. Harlaw), Ireland, viz. twenty-four clans, of whom twenty-four against Duke Murdoch, the governor : the Earl of Mar families in Scotland are descended. Angus had another commanded the army, in support of his claim to the son, namely, young John Fraoch, whose descendants learldom of Ross; which was ceded to him by King are called Clan-Ean of Glencoe, and the M‘Donalds of James the First, after his release from the King of EngFaoch. This Angus Og died in Isla, where his body I land, and Duke Murdoch, his two sons and retainers, was interred; his son John succeeded to the inheritance were beheaded : he gave lands in Mull and Isla to the of lanisgall. He had good descendants, namely, three minister of Hi, and every privilege which the minister sons procreate of Ano, daughter of Rodric, high chief of lona had formerly, besides vessels of gold and silver of Lorn, and one daughter, Mary, married to John to Colum kill, for the monastery, and became himself Maclean, Laird of Duart, and Lauchlan, his brother, one of the fraternity. He left issue, a lawful heir to Laird of Coll; she was interred in the church of the Innisgall and Ross, namely, Alexander, the son of DoBlack Nuns. The eldest sons of Job, were Ronald, nald: he died in Isla, and his body was interred in the Godfrey, and Angus. --- He gave Ronald a great inhe south side of the temple of Oran. Alexander, called ritance. These were the lands which he gave him, viz. John of the Isles, son of Alexander of the Isles, son of from Kilcumin in Abertarf to the river Seil, and from Donald of the Isles. Angus, the third son of John, son thence to Beilli, north of Eig and Rum, and the two of Angus Og, married the daughter of John, the son of tists, and from thence to the foot of the river Glaichan, Allan, which connexion caused some disagreement beand threescore long ships. John married afterwards twixt the two families about their marches and division Margaret Stewart, daughter to Robert Stewart, King of of lands, the one party adhering to Angus, and the Scotland, called John Fernyear; she bore him three other to John: the differences increased so much, that good sons, Donald of the Isles, the beir, John the Tain- John obtained from Allan all the lands betwixt Abhan teter (i. e. Thane), the second son, and Alexander Car- Fahda (i. e. the long river) and ald na sionnach (i. e. rach. John had another son called Marcos, of whom the fox-burn brook), in the upper part of Cantyre. the clan Macdonald of Cooc, in Tirowen, are descended. Allan went to the king to complain of his son-in-law; This John lived long, and made donations to Icolumkill; in a short time thereafter, there happened to be a great he covered the chapel of Eorsay-Elan, the chapel of meeting about this young Angus's lands to the north of Finlagan, and the chapel of the Isle of Tsuibhne, and Inverness, where he was murdered by his own harper, give the proper furniture for the service of God, up-Mac-Cairbre, by cutting his throat with a long knifa holding the clergy and monks; he built or repaired the He lived a year thereafter, and many of those conchurch of the Holy Cross immediately before his death. Icerned were delivered up to the king. Angus's wife He died at his own castle of Ardtorinish; many priests was pregnant at the time of his murder, and she bore and monks took the sacrament at his funeral, and they him a son, who was named Donald, and called Donald embalmed the body of this dear man, and brought it Du. He was kept in confinement until he was thirty to lcolamkill; the abbot, monks, and vicar, came as years of age, when he was released by the men of Glenthey ought to meet the King of Fiongal,' and out of coe, by the strong hand. After this enlargement, he great respect to his memory mourned eight days and came to the Isles, and convened the gentry thereof. foghts over it, and laid it in the same grave with his fa- There happened great feuds betwixt these families while ther, in the church of Oran, 1380.
Donald Du was in confinement, insomuch that Mac• Ronald, son of John, was chief ruler of the Isles in Cean of Ardnamarchan destroyed the greatest part of
* Western Isles and adjacent coast.
The murderer I presunie, not the man who was murdered.