« 前へ次へ »
On their foes assembled were;
army, fled towards Linlithgow, pursued by Douglas One of their selwyn' that were there
with about sixty horse. They were augmented by Sir Captain of them all they made. Aad sheets, that were somedale · braid,
Lawrence Abernethy with twenty more, whom Douglas They fastened instead of banners
met in the Torwood upon their way to join the English Cpoo long trees and spears.
army, and whom he easily persuaded to desert the deAnd said that they would see the figlu, And help their lords at their might.
feated monarch, and to assist in the pursuit. They When here-till all assented were,
hung upon Edward's flight as far as Dunbar, too few in In a route assembled er,
number to assail him with effect, but enough to harass Fifteen thousand they were or ma,
his retreat so constantly, that whoever fell an instant And than in great haste gan they go, With their banners, all in a route,
behind, was instantly slain, or made prisoner. EdAs they had men been styve* and stout.
ward's ignominious flight terminated at Dunbar, where They came with all that assembly,
the Earl of March, who still professed allegiance to him, Right till they might the battle see;
« received him full gently.» From thence, the monarch Tben all at once they gave a cry, - Slay! Slay! Upon them hastily!
of so great an empire, and the late commander of so Bornova'. Bruce, vol. II, Book XIII, pp. 153. 4. gallant and numerous an army, escaped to Bamborough
in a fishing vessel. The unexpected apparition, of what seemed a new Bruce, as will appear from the following document, army, completed the confusion which already prevailed lost no time in directing the thunders of parliamentary anong the English, who fled in every direction, and censure against such part of his subjects as did not rewere pursned with immense slaughter. The brook of turu to their natural allegiance, after the battle of BanLancock, according to Barbour, was so choaked with nockburn. the bodies of men and horses, that it might have been passed dry-shod. The followers of the Scottish camp APUD MONASTERIUM DE CAMBUSKENNETU, fell upon the disheartened fugitives, and added to the
XVI DIE NOVEMBRIS M.ccc.xiv. cenfusion and slaughter. Many were driven into the Judicium redditum apud Kambuskinet contra omnes Forth, and perished there,, which, by the way, could
illos qui tunc fuerunt contra fidem et pacem Domini hardly have happened, had the armies been drawn up
Regis. rast and west, since in that case, to get at the river, the English fugitives must have fled through the victorious Anno gracie millesimo tricentesimo quarto decimo army. About a short mile from the field of battle is a sexto die Novembris tenente parliamentum suum excelplace called the Bloody Folds. Here the Earl of Glou- lentissimo principe domino Roberto Dei gracia Regc cester is said to bave made a stand, and died gallantly Scottorum Ilustri in monasterio de Cambuskyneth conat the head of his own military tenants and vassals. He cordatum fuit finaliter judicatum (ac super) hoc stawas much regretted by both sides; and it is said the tutum de consilio et assensu episcoporum et ceterorum Scottish vould gladly have saved his life, but neglecting prelatorum comitum baronum et aliorum nobilium to wear his surcoat with armorial bearings over his regni Scocie nec non et tocius communitatis regni prearmour, he fell unknown, after his horse had been dicti quod omnes qui contra fidem et pacem dicti do. stabbed with spears. "
mini regis in bello seu alibi mortui sunt (vel qui dic) Sir Marmaduke Twenge, an English knight, contrived to die ad pacem ejus et fidem non venerant licet sepius to conceal himself during the fury of the pursuit, and vocati et legitime expectati fuissent de terris et tenewhen it was somewhat slackened, approached King mentis et omni alio statu intra regnum Scocie perpetuo kobert. Whose prisoner are you, Sir Marmaduke?» sint exheredati et habeantur de cetero tanquam inimici said Bruce, to whom he was personally known. «Yours, / regis et regni ab omni vendicacione juris hereditarii sir, answered the knight. « I receive you,» answered vel juris alterius cujuscunque in posterum pro se et hethe king; and, treating him with the utmost courtesy, redibus suis in perpetuum privati Ad perpetuam igitur loaded him with gifts, and dismissed him without ran- rei memoriam et evidentem probacionern hujus judicii son. The other prisoners were well-treated. There et statuti sigilla episcoporum et aliorum prelatorum migbt be policy in this, as Bruce would naturally wish nec non et comitum baronum ac ceterorum nobilium to acquire the good opinion of the English barons, who dicti regni presenti ordinacioni judicio et statuto sunt Were at this time at great variance with their king. But appensa. it also well accords with his high chivalrous character.
Sigillum Domini Regis
Sigillum Willelmi Episcopi Sancti Andree ,
Sigillum Roberti Episcopi Glascuensis
..Episcopi ed on the field till forced away by the Earl of Pem
... Episcopi broke, when all was lost. He then rode to the castle of
Sigillum Alani Episcopi Sodorensis Stirling, and demanded admittance; but the governor
Sigillum Johannis Episcopi Brechynensis remonstrating upon the imprudence of shutting him Sigillum Andree Episcopi Ergadiensis self up in that fortress, wbich must so soon surrender,
Sigillum Frechardi Episcopi Cathanensis be assembled around his person five hundred men-at
Sigillum Abbatis de Scona arms, and, avoiding the field of battle and the victorious
Sigillum Abbatis de Calco
Sigillum Abbatis de Abirbrothok
Sigillum Abbatis de Sancta Cruce
Sigillum Abbatis de Londoris
| edition of the Bruce was published by Mr Pinkertoa, Sigillum Abbatis de Newbotill
in 3 vols., in 1790; and the learned editor having lead Sigillum Abbatis de Cupro
no personal access to consult the manuscript, it is not Sigillum Abbatis de Paslet
without errors; and it has besides become scarce. Of Sigillum Abbatis de Dumfermclyn
Wallace there is po tolerable edition: yet these two Sigillum Abbatis de Lincluden
poems do no small honour to the early state of Scottista Sigillum Abbatis de Insula Missarum
poetry, and the Bruce is justly regarded as containing Sigillam Abbatis de Sancto Columba
authentic historical facts. Sigillum Abbatis de Deer
The following list of the slain at Bannockburn, eSigillum Abbatis de Dulce Corde
tracted from the continuator of Trivet's annak, vui Sigillum Prioris de Coldinghame
show the extent of the national calami Sigillum Prioris de Rostynot . Sigillum Prioris Sancti Andree
«List OF TRE SLAIN.. Sigillum Prioris de Pettinwem
Barons and Knight Ban- Simon Ward, Sigillum Prioris de Insula de Lochlevin
Robert de Felton, Sigillum Senescalli Scocie
Gilbert de Clare, Earl of Michael Poyning, Sigillum Willelmi Comitis de Ros
Knights. . . . . . . . . . . .
Henry de Boun, . .
William le Mareschal, Thomas de Ufford, Sigillum Gilberti de la Haya Constabularii Seocie John Comyn,
John de Elsingfelde, Sigillum Roberti de Keth Mariscalli Scocic
William de Vescey,
John de Harcourt, Sigillum Hugonis de Ros
John de Montfort,
Walter de Hakelut, Sigillam Jacobi de Duglas
Nicolas de Hasteleigh,. Philip de Courtenar, Sigillam Johannis da Sancto Claro
Hago de Scales, Sigillum Thome de Ros
Ægidius de Argenteyne, Radulph de Beauchamp Sigillum Alexandri de Settone
John de Penbriege, Sigillum Walteri Haliburtone
John Lovel (the rich), With thirty-three others Sigillum Davidis de Balfour
Edmond de Hastynge,
of the same rank, not Sigillum Duncani de Wallays
Milo de Stapleton,
named. Sigillum Thome de Dischingtone Sigillum Andree de Moravia
PRISONERS. Sigillum Archibaldi de Betun
Barons and Baronets. Giles de Beauchamp. Sigillum Ragulphi de Lyill
Henry de Boun, Earl of Here. John Cyfrewast, Sigillum Malcomi de Balfour
John Bluwet, Sigilluin Normanni de Lesley
Lord John Giffard,
Roger Corbet, Sigillum Nigelli de Campo bello
William de Latimer, Gilbert de Boun, Sigillum Morni de Musco Campo
Maurice de Berkley, Bartholomew de Loefri
Ingelram de Umfraville, Thomas de Ferrers, . . . . . . . . . . .
Marmaduke de Twenge, Radulph and Thomas Eor-
Robert de Maulee,
John and Nicolas de Nor for De Argentine alone,
Kingstone (brothas, Through Ninian's church these torcbes shone.
Thomas de Gray,
Walter de Beauchamp, Henry de Wileton, The remarkable circumstances attending the death Richard de Charon.
Baldwin de Frevill, of De Argentine liave been already noticed (p. 321). John de Wevelmton, John de Clivedon, Besides this renowned warrior, there fell many re- Robert de Nevil.
Adomar la Zouche, presentatives of the noblest houses in England, which John de Segrave.
John de Merevode, never sustained a more bloody and disastrous defeat. Gilbert Peeche.
John Maufe, 3 Barbour says that two hundred pairs of gilded spurs John de Clavering.
Thomas and Odo Leke were taken from the field of battle; and that some were
Antony de Lucy,
Ercedekene, left the author can bear witness, who has in his posses-Radulph de Camys.
Robert Beaupel (the sea sion a curious antique spur, dug up in the morass tot
John de Evere,
John Mantravers the si long since.
Andrew de Abremhyn, William and William Gold It was forsooth a great ferlie,
fard, To see samyn' sa fele dead lie.
Thomas de Berkeley, And thirty-four other Two bundred spurs that were reid, "
The son of Roger Tyrrel, knights not named Were lach of knights that were dead.
Anselm de Mareschal,
by the historian. I am now to take my leave of Barbour, not without a sincere wish that tlie public may encourage the un. And in sum, there were there slain, along with the Eart dertaking of my friend, De Jamieson, who has issued Gloucester, forty-two barons and bannereis. The aus proposals for publishing an accurate edition of his poem, and of Blind Harry's Wallace. The only good
Both these works have now been published, in a po form, and with extreme accuracy, by the learned and no
doctor. • Together.
Red, or gildad. • Supposed Clinton.
ber of earls, barons, and bannerets made captive, was tivity ever since the year 1306. The Targia, or signet, (venty-two, and sixty-eight knights. Many clerks and was restored to England through the intercession of esquires were also there slain or taken, Roger de | Ralph de Monthermer, ancestor of Lord Moira, who is Northburge, keeper of the king's signet (Custos Targiæ said to have found favour in the eyes of the Scottish Domini Regis), was made prisoner with his two clerks, king.»- Continuation of TruyET'S Annals, Hall's edit. Roger de Wakenfelde and Thomas de Swinton, upon Oxford, 1712, vol. II, p. 14. which the king caused a seal to be made, and entitled Such were the immediate consequences of the field it his privy seal, to distinguish the same from the sig- of Bannockburn. Its more remote effects, in comnet so lost. The Earl of Hereford was exchanged pletely establishing the national independence of Scotagainst Bruce's queen, who had been detained ju cap- land, afford a boundless field for speculation.
Thomas the Rhymer.
IN THREE PARTS.
that, down to a very late period, the practice of distinguishing the parties, even in formal writings, by the epithets which had been bestowed on them from per
sonal circumstances, instead of the proper surnames of Faw personages are so renowned in tradition as 'Tho- their families, was common, and indeed necessary, mas of Ercildonn, known by the appellation of The among the Border clans. So early as the end of the Rhymer. Uniting, or supposed to unite, in his person, thirteenth century, when surnames were hardly introthe powers of poetical composition, and of vaticina-duced in Scotland, this custom must have been unition, his memory, even after the lapse of five hundred versal. There is, therefore, nothing inconsistent in years, is regarded with veneration by his countrymen. supposing our poet's name to have been actually LearTo give any thing like a certain history of this re- moot, although, in this charter, he is distinguished by markable man would be indeed difficult; but the cu- the popular appellation of The Rhymer., nous may derive some satisfaction from the particu- We are better able to ascertain the period at which bars here brought together.
Thomas of Ereildoun lived; being the latter end of the It is agreed, on all hands, that the residence and pro-thirteenth century. I am inclined to place his death a bably the birth-place of this ancient bard was Ercil- little farther back than Mr Pinkerton, who supposes doun, a village situated upon the Leader, two miles that he was alive in 1300 (List of Scottish Poets); above its junction with the Tweed. The ruins of an which is hardly, I think, consistent with the charter aprient tower are still pointed out as the Rhymer's already quoted, by which his son, in i 299, for himself castle. The uniform tradition bears, that his surname and his heirs, conveys to the convent of the Trinity of was Lermont, or Learmont; and that the appellation Soltre, the tenement which he possessed by inheritance of The Rhymer was conferred on him in consequence (hereditarie) in Ercildoun, with all claim which he, or of bas poetical compositions. There remains, never- bis predecessors, could pretend thereto. From this we theless, some doubt upon this subject. In a charter may infer, that the Rhymer was now dead; since we vlnich is subjoined at length,' the son of our poet de- find his son disposing of the family property. Still, signs himself « Thomas of Ercildoun, son and heir of however, the argument of the learned historian will reThomas Rymour of Ercildoun, which seems to imply, main unimpeached, as to the time of the poet's birth. that the father did not bear the hereditary name of For if, as we learn from Barbour, ' his prophecies were Learmont; or, at least, was better known and distin- held in reputation as early as 1306, when Bruce slew guished by the epithet which he had acquired by his the Red Cummin, the sanctity, and (let me add to Mr personal accomplishments. I must, however, remark, Pinkerton's words) the uncertainty of antiquity, must
have already involved his character and writings. In a From the Chartulary of the Trinity House of Solire, Advoentes' charter of Peter de Haga de Bemersyde, which unfor, Library. W. 4. 14.
tunately wants a date, the Rhymer, a near neighbour, ERSYLTON.
and, if we may trust tradition, a friend of the family, Owaibes has literas Visuris vel auditaris Thomas de Ercildoun appears as a witness.-- Chartulary of Melrose. Clien et beres Thomæ Rymour de Ercildoun salutem in Domino, It cannot be doubted, that Thomas of Ercildoun was Roveritie me per fastem et baculam in pleno judicio resignasse ac
a remarkable and important person in his own time, per presentes quietem clamasse pro me et heredibus meis Magistro domes Sancta Trinitatis de Soltre et fratribus ejusdem domus totam
since, very shortly after bis death, we find him celeterram meam cam omnibus pertinentibus suis quam in tenemento brated as a prophet, and as a poet. Whether he bimde Erelldoan bereditarte tenui renunciando de toto pro me et here- self inade any pretensions to the first of those characdibus meis omni jure et clameo qua ego seu antecessores mei in sada terra alioque tempore de perpetuo habuimus sive de futuro
The lines alluded to are these : lehere possumus. In cujus rei testimonio presentibus his sigillam rem apparui data apa Ercildoen die Martis proximo post festum
I hope that Tomas's prophesie, Sanctorum Apostolorum Symonis et Jude Apso Domini Millesimo cc.
of Erceldoun shall truly be. Mesagesimo Nope.
Ta him, etc.
ters, or whether it was gratuitously conferred upon liim Rlymer's supernatural visitants. The veneration past, by the credulity of posterity, it seems difficult to de- to his dwelling-place even attached itself in some de cide. If we may believe Mackenzie, Learmont only gree to a person, who, within the memory of man, , versified the prophecies delivered by Eliza, an inspired chose to set up his residence in the ruins of Learmont's nun, of a convent at Haddington. But of this there tower. The name of this man was Murray, a kind of seems not to be the most distant proof. On the con- herbalist; who, by dint of some knowledge in simples trary, all ancient authors, who quote the Rhymer's the possession of a musical clock, an electrical m. prophecies, uniformly suppose them to have been chine, and a stuffed alligator, added to a supposed emitted by himself. Thus, in Winton's Chronicle, communication with Thomas the Rhymer, lived fer
many years in very good credit as a wizard. of this fycht quilam spak Thomas
It seemed to the author unpardonable to dismiss a of Ersyldoune, that sayd in Derde, Thare suld meit stalwarthly, starke, and sterne.
person, so important in Border tradition as the He sayd it in his prophecy;
Rhymer, without some farther notice than a simple But how he wist it was ferly.
commentary upon the following ballad. It is given Book VIII, chap. 32.
from a copy, obtained from a lady, residing not far There could have been no ferly (marvel), in Winton's from Ercildoun, corrected and enlarged by one in Mrs cyes at least, how Thomas came by his knowledge of Brown's MSS. The former copy, however, as might be future events, had he ever heard of the inspired nun of expected, is far more minute as to local description Haddington; which, it cannot be doubted, would have To this old tale the author has ventured to add a S been a solution of the mystery, much to the taste of cond Part, consisting of a kind of Cento. from the the prior of Lochlevin.'
printed prophecies vulgarly ascribed to the Rhyrer, Whatever doubts, however, the learned might have, and a Third Part, entirely modern, founded upon the as to the source of the Rhymer's prophetic skill, the tradition of his having returned with the bart an! vulgar had no hesitation to ascribe the whole to the hind to the Land of Faerie. To make his peace wit intercourse between the bard and the qucen of Faery, the more severe antiquaries, the author has prefixed? The popular tale bears, that Thomas was carried off, to the Second Part some remarks on Learnoat's proat an early age, to the Fairy Land, where he acquired | phecies. all the knowledge which made him afterwards so famous. After seven years' residence he was permitted to return to the earth, to enlighten and astonish bis
PART 1.-ANCIENT. countrymen by his prophetic powers; still, however, remaining bound to return to his royal mistress, when she should intimate her pleasure. Accordingly, while True Thomas lay on Hunulie bank; Thomas was making merry with his friends in the A ferlie he spied wi' his ee; tower of Ercildoun, a person came running in, and And there he saw a ladye bright, told, with marks of fear and astonishment, that a hart Come riding down by the Eildon Tree. and hind had left the neighbouring forest, and were composedly and slowly parading the street of the vil Her shirt was o' the grass-green silk, lage. The prophet instantly arose, left his habitation, Her mantle o' the velvet fyne; and followed the wonderful animals to the forest, At ilka tett of her horse's mane, whence he was never seen to return. According to the Hang fifty siller bells and nine. popular belief, he still « drees his weird » in Fairy Land, and is expected one day to revisit earth. In the mean True Thomas be pulled aff his cap, while, bis memory is held in the most profound re
And louted low down to his knee, spect. The Eildon Tree, from beneath the shade of « All hail, thou mighty queen of heaven! which he delivered his prophecies, now no longer ex For thy peer on earth I never did see. ists; but the spot is marked by a large stone, called Eildon Tree Stone. A neighbouring rivulet takes the « O no, 0 no, Thomas,» she said; name of the Bogle Burn (Goblin Brook), from the « That name does not belang to me;
I am but the queen of fair Elland, " Henry, the minstrel, who introduces Thomas into the history of
That am hither come to visit thee. Wallace, expresses the same doubt as to the source of his prophetic knowledge.
« Harp and carp, Thomas,” she said ; Thomas Rhymer into the failo was than
« Harp and carp along with me;
And if ye dare to kiss my lips,
Sure of your body I will be. »
« Betide me weal, betide me woe,
That weird shall never danton me.
Syne he has kiss'd her rosy lips,
All underneath the Eildon Tree,
quary, that there is in existence a MS. copy of this ballad, * There is a singular resemblance betwint this tradition and an considerable aptiquity, of which be hopes to avail himmeli ca inrident occurring in the life of Merlio Caledonius, wbich the reader future occasion. will find a few pages onward.
· That weinil, etc. --'That destiny aball ao ver frightone.
O they rade on, and farther on;
The steed gaed swifter than the wind; Until they reach'd a desert wide,
The prophecies, ascribed to Tbomas of Ercildoun, have And living land was left behind.
been the principal means of securing to him remem
brance « amongst the sons of his people. The author Light down, light down, now, true Thomas,
of Sir Tristrem would long ago have joined, in the vale
of oblivion, « Clerk of Tranent, who wrote the advenAnd lean your head upon my knee : Abide, and rest a little space,
tures of Schir Gawain,» if, by good hap, the same And I will shew you ferlies three.
current of ideas respecting antiquity, which causes Virgil to be regarded as a magician' by the Lazzaroni of
Naples, had not exalted the bard of Ercildoun to the < see ye not yon narrow road,
prophetic character. Perhaps, indeed, he himself afSo thiek beset with thorns and briers ?
fected it during his life. We know at least, for certain, That is the path of righteousness,
that a belief in his supernatural knowledge was current Though after it but few enquires.
soon after his death. His prophecies are alluded to by
Barbour, by Wintoun, and by Henry the Minstrel, or And see not ye that braid, braid road,
Blind Harry, as he is usually termed. None of these That lies across that lily leven!
authors, however, give the words of any of the Rhymer's That is the path of wickedness,
vaticinations, but merely relate historically his having Though some call it the road to heaven.
predicted the events of which they speak. The earliest
of the prophecies ascribed to him, which is now extant, <And see not ye that bonnie road,
is quoted by Mr Pinkerton from a MS. It is supposed That winds about the fernie brae?
to be a response from Thomas of Ercildoun, to a quesThat is the road to fair Elfland,
tion from the heroic Countess of March, renowned for Where thou and I this night maun gae. the defence of the castle of Dunbar, against the Eng
lish, and termed, in the familiar dialect of her time, < But, Thomas, ye maun hold your tongue,
Black Agnes of Dunbar. This prophecy is remarkaWhatever ye may hear or see;
ble, in so far as it bears very little resemblance to any For, if you speak word in Elflyn land,
verses published in the printed copy of the Rhymer's Ye 'll ne'er get back to your ain countrie.» supposed prophecies. The verses are as follows:
· La Countesse de Donbar demande à Thomas de Essedoune quant la O they rade on, and farther on,
guerre d' Escoce prendreit fyn. Eyl la repoundy et dyt: And they waded through rivers aboon the knee,
. When man is mad a kyng of a capped man; And they saw neither sun nor moon,
When man is levere other modes thyng than is owen ; But they heard the roaring of the sea.
When londe thouys forest, ant forest is felde;
When hares kendles o' the ber'ston ; It was mirk,mirk night and there was naestern light, when mon makes stabels of kyrkes; and steles castels with styes;
When Wytt and Wille werres fogedere: And they waded through red blude to the knce,
When Rokesboroughe nys no burch ant market is at Forwyleye: For a' the blude that's shed on earth,
When Bambourne is donged with dede men ;
When men ledes men in ropes to beyen and to sellen;
When prude (pride) prikes and pees is legd in prisoun;
When a Scot ne me hym bude ase hare in forme that the English And she pu'd an apple frae a tree-- ()
ne shall hym fynde; & Take this for thy wages, true Thomas;
When rycht and wronge astento the togedere;
Wben laddes weddeth lovedies; It will give thee the tongue that can never lie.» When Scottes flen so faste, that for faute of shep, by drowneth
When shal this be? « My tongue is mine ain,» true Thomas said;
Noother in thine tyme ne in mine; « A gudely gift ye wad gie to me!
Ah comen ant gone I neither dought to buy nor sell,
Withinne twenty winter ant ono.. At fair or tryst, where I may be.
PINKERTOX's Poems from Maitland's MSS. quoting
from Harl, Lib. 3253. f. 127. I dought neither speak to prince or peer,
As I have never seen the MS. from which Mr PinNor ask of grace from fair ladye.»
kerton makes this extract, and as the date of it is Now hold thy peace!» the ladye said,
fixed by him (certainly one of the most able antiqua«For, as I say, so must it be.»
ries of our age) to the reign of Edward I. or II., it is