Four moons have heard these thunders idly rolld, Go, baffled boaster! teach thy baughty mood

Have seen these wistful myriads eye their prey, To plead at tbine imperious master's throbe;
As famish'd wolves survey a guarded fold-

Say, thou hast left his legions in their blood, But in the middle path a lion lay!

Deceived his hopes, and frustrated thine own; At length they, inove-but not to battle-fray,

Say, that thine utmost skill and valour shown Nor blaze yon lires where meets the manly fight;

British skill and valour were ontvied; Beacons of infamy they light the way,

Last say, thy conqueror was WELLINGTON! Where cowardice and cruelty unite,

And if he chafe, be his own fortune triedTo damn with double shame their ignominious fright! God and our cause to friend, the venture we 'll abide


XII. O triumph for the Fiends of Lust and Wrath!

But ye, the heroes of that well-fought day, Ne'er to be told, yet ne'er to be forgot,

How shall a bard, unknowing and unknown, What wanton horrors mark'd their wrackful path!

llis meed to each victorious leader pay, The peasant butcher'd in his ruio'd cot,

Or bind on every brow the laurels won ! The hoary priest een at the altar shot,

Yet fain my harp would wake its boldest toce, Childhood and age given o'er to sword and flame,

O'er the wide sea to hail Cadogan brave ; Women to infamy;--no crime forgot,

And he, perchance, the minstrel note might own, By which inventive demons might proclaim

Mindful of meeting brief that Fortune gave Immortal hale to man, and scorn of God's great pame! | 'Mid yon far western isles that hear the Atlantic rave


XIII. The rudest sentinel, in Britain boro,

Yes! hard the task, when Britons wield the sword, With horror paused to view the havoc done,

To give each chief and every field its fame; Gave his poor crust to feed some wretch forlorn, (15) Hark! Albuera thunders BERESFORD,

Wiped his stern eye, then fiercer grasp'd his gun. And red Barrosa shouts for dauntless GENE! Nor with less zeal shall Britain's peaceful son

O for a verse of tumult and of flame, Exult the debt of sympathy to pay;

Bold as the bursting of their capnon-sound, Riches nor poverty the task shall shun,

To bid the world re-echo to their fame! Nor prince nor peer, the wealthy nor the gay, 1 For never, upon gory battle-ground, Nor the poor peasant's mite, nor bard's more worthless With conquest's well-bought wreath were braver viction lay.

crown'd! VIII.

XIV. But thou-unfoughten wilt thou yield to Fate,

O who shall grudge him Albuera's bays, Minion of Fortune, now miscall'd in vain ?

Who brought a race regenerate to the field, Can vantage-ground no confidence create,

Roused them to emulate their fathers' praise, Marcella's pass, nor Guarda's mountain-chain ? Temper'd their beadlong rage, their couragesteeds; Vain-glorious fugitive!(16) yet turn again!

And raised fair Lusitania's fallen shield, Behold, where, named by some prophetic seer, And gave new edge to Lusitania's sword, Flows Honour's Fountain' as fore-doom'd the stain And taught her sons forgotten arms to wield

From thy dishonour'd name and arms to clear Shiver'd my harp, and burst its every chord, Fall'n Child of Fortune, turn, redeem her favour here! If it forget thy worth, victorious BERESFORD!


Yel, ere thou turn'st, collect each distant aid; Not on that bloody field of battle won,

Those chief that never heard the lion roar! | Though Gaul's proud legions rolld like mist ava Within whose souls lives not a trace portray'd,

| Was half his self-devoted valour shown,Of Talavera, or Mondego's shore !

He gaged but life on that illustrious day; Marshal each band thou hast, and summon more;

But when he toild those squadrons to array, Of war's fell stratagems exhaust the whole;

Who fought like Britons ia the bloody game, Rank upon rank, squadron on squadron pour,

Sharper than Polish pike, or assagay, Legion on legion on thy foeman roll,

He braved the shafts of censure and of shame, And weary out his arm-thou canst not quell his soul. And, dearer far than life, he pledged a soldier's foi

XVI. O vainly gleams with steel Agueda's shore,

Nor be his praise o'erpast who strove to hide Vainly thy squadrons hide Assuava's plain,

Beneath the warrior's vest affection's wound, And front the flying thunders as they roar,

Whose wish Heaven for his country's weal denied, With frantic charge and tenfold odds, in vain! (17) | Danger and fate he sought, but glory found And what avails thee that, for CAMERON slain,

From clime to clime, where er war's trumpets sound Wild from his plaided ranks the yell was given-(18) The wanderer went; yet, Caledonia ! still Vengeance and grief gave mountain-rage the rein, Thine was his thought in march and tented ground.

And, at the bloody spear-point headlong driven, He dream'd 'mid Alpine cliffs of Athole's bill. Thy despot's giant guards fled like the rack of heaven. And heard in Ebro's oar his Lyndoch's lovely rill

The literal translation of Fuentes d'Honoro.


called Pausayl, runs by the east side of this church-yard O hero of a race renown'd of old,

into the Tweed ; at the side of which burn, a little beWhose war-cry oft has waked the battle-swell, (20)

low the church-yard, the famous prophet Merlin is said Since first distinguish'd in the opset bold,

to be buried. The particular place of his grave, at the Wild sounding when the Roman rampart fell!

root of a thorn-tree, was shown me many years ago, by By Wallace' side it rung the southron's knell,

the old and reverend minister of the place, Mr Richard Alderoe, Kilsythe, and Tibber own'd its fame,

Brown; and here was the old prophecy fulfilled, deliTummeli's rude pass can of its terrors tell;

vered in Scots rhyme, to this purpose: But ne'er from prouder field arose the name,

When Tweed and Pausayl join at Merlin's grave,
Than when wild Ronda learn'd the conquering shout of

Scotland and England sball one monarch have.

« For the same day that our King James the Sixtli XVIII.

was crowned King of England, the river Tweed, by an But all too long, through seas unknown and dark, extraordinary flood, so far overflowed its banks, that it (With Spenser's parable I close my tale)

met and joined with Pausayl at the said grave, which By shoal and rock hath steer'd my venturous bark, was never before observed to fall out.»--PENNYCUICK'S And landward now I drive before the gale.

Description of Tweeddale, Edinb. 1715, 4. p. 26. And now the blue and distant shore I hail, And nearer now I see the port expand,

Note 2. Introduction. Stanza viii. And now I gladly furl my weary sail,

- where the lingering fays renew their ring

By milk-maid seen beneath the hawthorn boar, And, as the prow light touches on the strand,

Or round the marge of Minchmore's haunted spring. I strike my red-cross flag, and bind my skiff to land.

A belief in the existence and nocturnal revels of the fairies still lingers among the vulgar in Selkirkshire. A

copious fountain upon the ridge of Minchmore, called NOTES.

the Cheesewell, is supposed to be sacred to these fanciful spirits, and it was customary to propitiate them by throwing in something upon passing it. A pin was the

usual oblation, and the ceremony is still sometimes Note 1. Introduction. Stanza iv.

practised, though rather in jest than earnest. And Cattraeth's glens with voice of triumph rung,

Note 3. Introduction. Stanza ix. And mystic Merlin harp'd and gray-hair'd Llywarch sung.

- verse spontaneous. This locality may startle those readers who do not recollect, that much of the ancient poetry, preserved in

The flexibility of the Italian and Spanish languages, Wales, refers less to the history of the principality to and perhaps the liveliness of their genius, renders these which that name is now limited, than to events which

countries distinguished for the talent of improvvisation, happened in the north-west of England and south-west

which is found even among the lowest of the people. It of Scotland, where the Britons for a long time made a

is mentioned by Baretti and other travellers. stand against the Saxons. The battle of Cattraeth, la

Note 4. Introduction. Stanza ix. Dented by the celebrated Aneurin, is supposed by the

- the deeds of Græme. carned De Leyden to have been fought on the skirts of

Over a name sacred for ages to heroic verse, a poet Lutrick forest. It is known to the English reader by may be allowed to exercise some power. I have used be paraphrase of Gray, beginning,

the freedom, here and elsewhere, to alter the orthograHad I but the torrent's might,

phy of the name of my gallant countryman, in order to With beadlong rage and wild affright, etc.

apprise the southern reader of its legitimate sound;

Graham being, on the other side of the Tweed, usually Bor it is not so generally known that the champions, pourned in this beautiful dirge, were the British inha

| pronounced as a dissyllable. bitants of Edinburgh, who were cut off by the Saxons

Note 5. Stanza iv. of Deiria, or Northumberland, about the latter part of

For fair Florinda's plunder'd charms to pay. be sixth century.-Turner's History of the Anglo-Sax- Almost all the Spanish historians, as well as the voice ens, edition 1799, vol. I, p. 222.-Llywarch, the cele- of tradition, ascribe the invasion of the Moors to the

rated bard and monarch, was Prince of Argwood, in forcible violation committed by Roderick upon FloCamberland; and his youthful exploits were performed rinda, called by the Moors Caba or Cava. She was the upon the Border, although in his age he was driven into daughter of Count Julian, one of the Gothic monarch's Powys by the successes of the Anglo-Saxons. As for principal lieutenants, who, when the crime was perpeferlin Wyllt, or the Savage, his name of Caledonia, and trated, was engaged in the defence of Ceuta against the nis retreat into the Caledonian wood, appropriate him Moors. In his indignation at the ingratitude of his so

Scotland. Fordun dedicates the thirty first chapter vereign, and the dishonour of his daughter, Count Juf the third book of his Scotochronicon, to a narration lian forgot the duties of a christian and a patriot, and,

the death of this celebrated bard and prophet near forming an alliance with Musa, then the caliph's lieurummelzier, a village upon Tweed, which is supposed tenant in Africa, he countenanced the invasion of

have derived its name (quasi Tumulus Merlini) from Spain by a body of Saracens and Africans, commanded he event. The particular spot in which he is buried by the celebrated Tarik ; the issue of which was the = still shown, and appears, from the following quota- defeat and death of Roderick, and the occupation of Bon,io have partaken of his prophetic qualities:-«There almost the whole peninsula by the Moors. Voltaire, in

one thing remarkable here, which is, that the burn, his General llistory, expresses his doubts of this popu

lar story, and Gibbon gives him some countenance. magnificent structure, though much dilapidated by But the universal tradition is quite sufficient for the time, which consumes all: four estadoes (i. e. four purposes of poetry. The Spaniards, in detestation of lines a man's height) below it, there was a cave with a Florinda's memory, are said, by Cervantes, never to be very narrow entrance, and a cate cut out of the sound stow that name upon any human female, reserving it rock, lined with a strong covering of iron, and fastest for their dogs. Nor is the tradition less inveterate with many locks; above the gate some Greek letters are among the Moors, since the same author mentions a engraved, which, although abbreviated, and of doubtha! promontory on the coast of Barbary, called « The Cape meaning, were thus interpreted according to the expo of Caba Rumia, which, in our tongue, is the Cape of sition of learned men :— The king who opens this case, the Wicked Christian woman; and it is a tradition and can discover the wonders, will discover both good among the Moors, that Caba, the daughter of Count and evil things.' - Many kings desired to know tb, Julian, who was the cause of the loss of Spain, lies bu mystery of this tower, and sought to find out the mas ried there, and they think it ominous to be forced into ner with much care: but when they opened the gate that bay; for they never go in otherwise than by ne- such a tremendous noise arose in the cave, that it ap cessity.»

peared as if the earth was bursting; many of those pre Note 6. Stanza x.

sent sickened with fear, and others lost their lives. LE And guide me, priest, to that mysterious room,

order to preveot such great perils (as they suppose! Where, if aught true in old tradition be,

dangerous enchantment was contained within), they see His nation's future fate a Spanish king shall see.

cured the gate with new locks, concluding, that thons The transition of an incident from history to tradi- a king was destined to open it, the fated time was r. tion, and from tradition to fable and romance, becom- yet arrived. At last King Don Rodrigo, led on by in ing more marvellous at each step from its original sim- evil fortune and unlucky destiny, opened the town! plicity, is not ill exemplified in the account of the and some bold attendants whom he had brought wa « Fated Chamber» of Don Roderick, as given by his him entered, although agitated with fear. Having po namesake, the historian of Toledo, contrasted with sub- ceeded a good way, they fled back to the entrance, tre, sequent and more romantic accounts of the same sub- rified with a frightful vision which they had bebe." terranean discovery, I give the Archbishop of Toledo's The king was greatly moved, and ordered many torch tale in the words of Nonius, who seems to intimate so contrived that the tempest in the cave could vote (though very modestly), that the fatale palatium, of tinguish them, to be lighted. Then the king enter which so much had b

1. was only the ruins of a not without fear before all the others. They discover Roman amphitheatre.

by degrees, a splendid hall, apparently built in a very « Extra muros, septentrionem versus, vestigia magni sumptuous manner; in the middle stood a bronse olim theatri sparsa visuntur. Auctor est Rodericus tue of very ferocious appearance, which held a back Toletanus Archiepiscopus ante Arabum in Hispanias ir axe in its hands. With this he struck the floor viola ruptionem, hic fatale palatium fuisse ; quod invicti ly, giving it such heavy blows, that the noise in the ar vectes, æterna ferri robora claudebant, ne reseratum was occasioned by the motion of the air. The Hispapie excidium adferret; quod in fatis non vulgus greatly affrighted and astonished, began to coajure * solum, sed et prudentissimi quiquc credebant. Sed terrible vision, promising that he would return video Roderici ultimi Gothorum Regis animum infelix curio-doing any injury in the cave, after he had obur sitas subiit, sciendi quid sub tot vetitis claustris obser- sight of what was contained in it. The statue coins varetur; ingentes ibi superiorum regum opes et arca - strike the floor, and the king, with his followers, so nos thesauros servari ratus. Seras et pessulos perfringi what assured, and recovering their courage, proces curat, invitis omnibus, nihil præter arculam repertam, into the hall; and on the left of the statue they feu et in ea linteum, quo explicato novæ et insolentes bo- this inscription on the wall; · Unfortunate king, t. minum facies habitusque apparuere, cum inscriptione hast entered here in evil hour. On the right side Latina, Hispaniæ excidium ab illa gente imminere ; the wall these words were inscribed, by strangat vultus habitusque Maurorum erant. Quamobrem ex thou shalt be dispossessed, and thy subjects feather Africa tantain cladem instare regi cæterisque persua graded. On the shoulders of the statue others sum, nec falso ut Hispaniæ annales etiamnum querun- were written, which said, 'I call upon the Arabs. Au tur.»--Hispania Ludovic. Nonii, cap. lix.

upon his breast was written. 'I do my office. At the But about the term of the expulsion of the Moors trance of the hall there was placed a round boel from Grenada, we find, in the « Historia Verdadera del which a great noise, like the fall of waters, proir. Rey Don Rodrigo,» a (pretended) translation from the They found no other thing in the hall; and when the Arabic of the sage Alcayde Albucacim Tarif Abenta- sorrowful and greatly affected, had scarcely turun rique, a legend which puts to share the modesty of the to Icave the cavern, the statue again commenced its historian Roderick, with his chest and prophetic pic customed blows upon the floor. After they bandar ture. The custom of ascribing a pretended Moorish tually promised to conceal what they had sec original to these legendary histories is ridiculed by again closed the tower, and blocked up the gate of e Cervantes, who affects to translate the history of the cavern with earth, that no memory might rrmain u ka Knight of the Woful Figure, from the Arabic of the world of such a portentous and evil-boding prock sage Cid Hamet Benengeli. As I have been indebted to | The ensuing midnight they heard great enes asi the Historia Verdadera for some of the imagery cm- mour from the cave, resounding like the move ployed in the text, the following literal translation from battle, and the ground shaking with a tremctados the work itself may gratify the inquisitive reader:- the whole edifice of the old tower fell to the gran

« One mile on the cast side of the city of Toledo, by which they were greatly affrighted, the visca w among some rocks, was situated an ancient tower, of a they had beheld appearing to them as a dream

The king, having left the tower, ordered wise men over to the infidels. He joined Count Julian, with fo explain what the inscriptions signified ; and having whom was a great number of Goths, and both together consulted upon and studied their meaning, they de- fell upon the flank of our army. Our men, terrified clared that the statue of bronze, with the motion which with that unparalleled treachery, and tired with fightit made with its battle-axe, signified Time; and that its ing, could no longer sustain that charge, but were easily office, alluded to in the inscription on his breast, was, put to flight. The king performed the part not only of that he never rests a single moment. The words on the a wise general but of a resolute soldier, relieving the shoulders, 'I call upon the Arabs,' they expounded that weakest, bringing on fresh men in place of those that in time Spain would be conquered by the Arabs. The were tired, and stopping those that turned their backs. werds upon the left wall signified the destruction of At length, seeing no hope left, he alighted out of his King Rodrigo; those on the right, the dreadful calami- chariot for fear of being taken, and, mounting on a ties which were to fall upon the Spaniards and Goths, horse, called Orelia, he withdrew out of the battle. The and that the unfortunate king would be dispossessed | Goths, who still stood, missing him, were most part put of all his states. Finally, the letters on the portal into the sword, the rest betook themselves to flight. The dicated, that good would betide to the conquerors, and camp was immediately entered, and the baggage taken. evil to the conquered, of which experience proved the What number was killed is not known: I suppose they trath, s-Historia Verdadera del Rey Don Rodrigo. were so many it was hard to count them; for this sinQuinta edicion. Madrid, 1654, 4. p. 23.

gle battle robbed Spain of all its glory, and in it pe

rished the renowned name of the Goths. The king's Note 7. Stanza xix.

horse, upper garment, and buskins, covered with The Tecbir war-cry, and the Lelies' yell.

pearls and precious stones, were found on the bank of The Tecbir (derived from the words Alla acbar, God the river Guadelite, and their being no news of him afis most mighty,) was the original war-cry of the Sara terwards, it was supposed he was drowned passing the teos. It is celebrated by Hughes in the « Siege of Da- river.»-MARIANA's History of Spain, book vi. chap. 9. Dascus :>

Orelia, the courser of Don Roderick, mentioned in We heard the Tecbir; so these Arabs call

the text, and in the above quotation, was celebrated for Their shout of opset, when with loud appeal

her speed and form. She is mentioned repeatedly in They challenge Heaven, as if demanding conquest.. Spanish romance, and also by Cervantes. · The Lelie, well-known to the christians during the crusades, is the shout of Alla illa Alla, the Mahommedan

Note 9. Stanza xxxiii.

When for the light bolero ready stand confession of faith. It is twice used in poetry by my

The Mozo blithe, with gay Muchacha met. riend Mr W. Stuart Rose, in the Romance of Parteno

The bolero is a very light and active dance, much mex, and in the Crusade of St Lewis.

practised by the Spaniards, in which castanets are alNote 8. Stanza xxi.

ways used. Mozo and Muchacha are equivalent to our By Beaven, the Moors prevail!--the christians yield ! phrase of lad and lass.

Their coward leader gives for flight the sign!
The scepter'd craven mounts to quit the field-

Note 10. Stanza xliii.
Is not yon steed Orelia ?-Yes, 't is mine!

While trumpets rang, and heralds cried • Castile." Count Julian, the father of the injured Florinda, with The heralds at the coronation of a spanish monarch le connivance and assistance of Oppas, Archbishop of proclaim his name three times, and repeat three times oledo, invited, in 713, the Saracens into Spain. A ihe word Castilla, Castilla, Castilla; which, with all considerable army arrived under the command of Ta- other ceremonies, was carefully copied in the mock inEk, or Tarif, who bequeathed the well-known name of auguration of Joseph Bonaparte. ibraltar (Gibel al Tarik, or the mountain of Tarik) the place of bis landing. He was joined by Count

Note 11. Stanza xlviii. malian, ravaged Andalusia, and took Seville. In 714 High blazed the war, and long, and far, and wide. ary returned with a still greater force, and Roderick Those who were disposed to believe that mere virtue marched into Andalusia at the head of a great army to and energy are able of themselves to work forth the Eve them battle. The field was chosen near Xeres, and salvation of an oppressed people, surprised in a molariana gives the following account of the action: ment of confidence, deprived of their officers, armies,

Both armies being drawn up, the king, according and fortresses, who had every means of resistance to the custom of the Gothic kings when they went to seek in the very moment when they were to be made attle, appeared in an ivory chariot, clothed in cloth of use of, and whom the numerous treasons among the old, encouraging his men; Tarif, on the other side, higher orders deprived of condence in their natural Ed the same. The armies, thus prepared, waited only leaders,-those who entertained this enthusiastic but or the signal to fall on; the Goths gave the charge, delusive opinion, may be pardoned for expressing their meir drums and trumpets sounding, and the Moors re- disappointment at the protracted warfare in the penineived it with the noise of kettle-drums. Such were the sula. There are, however, apother class of persons,

outs and cries on both sides, that the mountains and who, having themselves the highest dread or veneraallies seemed to meet. First they began with slings, tion, or something allied to both, for the power of the arts, javelins, and lances, then came to the swords; a modern Attila, will nevertheless give the heroical Spang time the battle was dubious; but the Moors seem- niards little or no credit for the long, stubborn, and

to have the worst, till D. Oppas, the Archbishop, unsubdued resistance of three years to a power before aving to that time concealed his treachery, in the heat whom their former well-prepared, well-armed, and nu

the fight, with a great body of his followers, went merous adversaries fell in the course of as many months.

While these gentlemen pload for deference to Bona-borrors that attend invasion, and which the Providence parte, and crave

of God, the valour of our navy, and perhaps the very Respect for his great place-and bid the Devil

cfforts of these Spaniards, have hitherto diverted from Be duly honour'd for his burning throne,

us, it may be modestly questioned whether we ought it may not be altogether unreasonable to claim some to be too forward to estimate and condemn the feeling modification of censure upon those who have been long l of temporary stupefaction which they create, best, 12 and to a great extent successfully resisting this great so doing, we should resemble the worthy clergynas, enemy of mankind. That the energy of Spain has not who, while he had himself never snuffed a candle cus uniformly been directed by conduct equal to its vigour, his fingers, was disposed severely to criticise the con has been too obvious; that her armies, under their duct of a martyr who winced a little among his flame complicated disadvantages, have shared the fate of such as were defeated after taking the field with every pos.

Note 12. Stanza li. sible advantage of arms and discipline, is surely not to They won not Zaragoza, but her children's bloody tomak. be wondered at. But that a nation, under the circum- The interesting account of Mr Vaughan has made stances of repeated discomfiture, internal treason, and most readers acquainted with the first siege of Law the mismanagement incident to a temporary and hasti-goza. The last and fatal siege of that gallant and de Jy-adopted government, should have wasted, by its voted city is detailed with great eloquence and prece stubborn, uniform, and prolonged resistance, myriads in the « Edinburgh Annual Register » for 180g after myriads of those soldiers who had overrun the work in wbich the affairs of Spain have been treated world--that some of its provinces should, like Galicia, with attention corresponding to their deep interest, and after being abandoned by their allies, and overrun by to the peculiar sources of information open to the last their enemies, have recovered their freedom by their torian. The following are a few brief extracts fra own unassisted exertions : that others, like Catalonia, this splendid bistorical parrative: undismayed by the treason which betrayed some fort. «A breach was soon made in the mud walls, and resses, and the force which subdued others, should not then, as in the former siege, the war was carried on only have continued their resistance, but have attained the streets and houses; but the French had been over their victorious enemy a superiority, which is taught, by experience, that in this species of variant even now enabling them to besiege and retake the the Zaragozans derived a superiority from the free places of strength which had been wrested from them, and principle which inspired them, and the cause for

-is a tale hitherto untold in the revolutionary war. To which they fought. The only means of congur say that such a people cannot be subdued, would be Zaragoza was to destroy it house by house, and strent presumption similar to that of those wlio protested by street, and upon this system of destruction they that Spain could not defend herself for a year, or Por- proceeded. Three companies of miners and eight sa tugal for a month; but that a resistance which has panies of sappers carried on this subterraneoas er been continued for so long a space, when the usurper, the Spaniards, it is said, attempted to oppose them" except during the short-lived Austrian campaign, had counter-mines: these were operations to which tà no other enemies on the Continent, should be now less were wholly unused, and, according to the Freak successful, when repeated defeats have broken the re-statement, their miners were every day discovered putation of the French armies, and when they are like-suffocated. Meantime the bombardment was in ly (it would seem almost in desperation) to seek occu- santly kept up. Within the last forty-eight be pation elsewhere, is a prophecy as improbable as un- said Palafox, in a letter to his friend General Derke gracious. And while we are in the humour of severely 6000 shells have been thrown in. Two-thirds eft censuring our allies, gallant and devoted as they have town are in ruins ; but we shall perish under the role shown themselves in the cause of national liberty, be of the remaining third rather than surrender.fr cause they may not instantly adopt those measures course of the siege above 17,000 bombs were throwne which we in our wisdom may deem essential to suc- the town; the stock of powder with which Zanpa cess, it might be well, if we endeavoured first to resolve had been stored was exhausted; they had nok at the previous questions, - ist, Whether we do not at but what they manufactured day by day; and pote this moment know much less of the Spanish armies cannon-balls than those which were shot into the de than of those of Portugal, which were so promptly and which they collected and fired back upok *** condemned as totally inadequate to assist in the pre enemy.---servation of their country? 2d, Whether, independ- In the midst of these horrors and privatives, ently of any right we have to offer more than advice pestilence broke out in Zaragoza. To various ce and assistance to our independent allies, we can expect enumerated by the annalist, he adds, saatio that they should renounce entirely the national pride, food, crowded quarters, unusual exertion of your which is inseparable from patriotism, and at once con- anxiety of mind, and the impossibility of reTULLY descend pot only to be saved by our assistance, but to their exhausted strength by needful rest in a city be saved in our own way? 3d, Whether, if it be an was almost incessantly bombarded, and where por object (as undoubtedly it is a main one), that the Spa-hour their sleep was broken by the tremendous nish troops should be trained under British discipline, sioa of mines. There was now no respite, either big to the flexibility of movement, and power of rapid con- or night, for this devoted city; even the antara cert and combination, which is essential to modern of light and darkness was destroyed in Zaragra, war, such a consum marion is likely to be produced by day it was involved in a red sulpbareous atmosphere abusing them in newspapers and periodical publica- smoke, which hid the face of heaven; by night there tions! Lastly, Since the undoubted authority of Bri- of cannons and mortars, and the flames of b tish officers makes us now acquainted with part of the houses, kept it in a state of terrific illumination

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