« 前へ次へ »
« Not thine a race of mortal blood,
Nor old Glengyle's pretended line; Thy dame, the Lady of the Flood,
Thy sire, the Monarch of the Mine.»
Note 1. Stanza iü.
Well can the Sason widows tell. The term Sassenach, or Saxon, is applied by the Highlanders to their Low-country neighbours.
Note 2. Stanza w. How blazed Lord Ronald's beltane tree. The fires lighted by the Highlanders on the first of May, in compliance with a custom derived from the Pagan times, are termed, the Beltane Tree. It is a festival celebrated with various superstitious rites, both in the north of Scotland and in Wales.
Note 3. Stanza vii.
The seer's propbetic spirit found, etc. I can only describe the second sight, by adopting Dr Johoson's definition, who calls it u an impression, either by the mind upon the eye, or by the eye upon the mind, by which things distant and future are perceived and seen as if they were present.» To which I would only add, that the spectral appearances, thus presented, usually presage misfortune ; that the faculty is painful to those who suppose they possess it; and that they usually acquire il, while themselves under the pressure of melancholy.
Note 4. Stanza xxii.
Will good St Oran's rule prevail. St Oran was a friend and follower of St Columba, and was buried in lcolmkill. His pretensions to be a saint were rather dubious. According to the legend, he consented to be buried alive, in order to propitiate certain demons of the soil, who obstructed the attempts of Columba to build a chapel. Columba caused the body of his frieod to be dug up, after three days had elapsed; when Oran, to the horror and scandal of the assistants, declared, that there was neither a God, a judyment, nor a future state ! He had no time to make further discoveries, for Columba caused the earth once more to be shovelled over him with the utmost dispatch. The chapel, however, and the cemetry, was called Reilig Ouran; and, in memory of his rigid celibacy, no female was permitted to pay hier devotions, or be buried, in that place. This is the rule alluded to in the poem.
Note 5. Stanza lv.
fountains, etc. in Scotland. He was, according to Ca. is a ruined chapel. Brotherstone is a heath, in the merarius, an abbot of Pittenweem, in Fife, from which neighbourhood of Smaylho'me Tower. situation he retired, and died a hermit in the wilds of This ancient fortress and its vicinity formed the scene Glenurchy, A.D. 649. While eng ged in transcribing of the author's infancy, and seemed to claim from him the Scriptures, his left hand was observed to send forth this attempt to celebrate them in a Border tale. The such a splendour, as to afford light to that with which catastrophe of the tale is founded upon a well-known he wrote; a miracle which saved many candles to the Irish tradition. convent, as St Fillan used to spend whole nights in that exercise. The gth of January was dedicated to this
| The Baron of Smaylho'me rose with day, saint, who gave his namc to Kilfillan, in Renfrew, and
le spurr'd his courser on, St Phillans, or Forgend, in Fife. Lesley, lib. ;. tells us, without stop or stay, down the rocky way, that Robert the Bruce was possessed of Fillan's miracu. That leads to Brotherstone. lous and luminous arm, which he inclosed in a silver shrine, and had it carried at the head of bis army. Pre-I Ue went not with the bold Buccleuch, vious to the battle of Bannockburn, the king's chap-1 His banner broad to rear; Jain, a man of little faith, abstracted the relic, and de- He went not gainst the English yew posited it in some place of security, lest it should fall To lift the Scottish spear. into the hands of the English. But, lo! while Robert was addressing his prayers to the empty casket, it was Yet his plate-jack' was braced, and hislielmet was laced, observed to open and shut suddenly; and, on inspection, And his vanni-brace of proof he wore; the saint was found to have himself deposited his arm At his saddle-gerthe was a good steel sperthe, in the shrine, as an assurance of victory. Such is the full ten pound weight and more. tale of Lesley. But though Bruce little needed that the arm of St Fillan should assist his own, he dedicated to The baron return'd in three days' space, him, in gratitude, a priory at Killin, upon Loch Tay. Aifd his looks were sad and sour;
In the Scots Magazine for July, 1802 (a national pe- | And weary was his courser's pace, riodical publication, which bas lately revived with con-| As he reachd his rocky tower. siderable energy), there is a copy of a very curious crown-grant, dated uth July, 1487, by which James He came not from where Ancram Moor? III. confirms to Malice Doire, an inhabitant of Strath- Ran red with English blood; fillan, in Perthshire, the peaceable exercise and enjoy- / Where the Douglas true, and the bold Buccleuch, ment of a relic of Sc Fillan, called the Quegrich, which 'Gainst keen Lord Evers stood. hie, and his predecessors, are said to have possessed since the days of Robert Bruce. As the Querich was | Yet was lis helmet lack'd and hew'd, used to cure diseases, this document is, probably, the His acton pierced and core; most ancient patent ever granted for a quack medicine. Uis axe and his dagger with blood embrued, The ingenious correspondent, by whom it is furnished, but it was not English gore. further observes, that additional particulars concerning St Fillan are to be found in BALLENDEN's Boece, Book | lle lighted at the Chapellage, 4, folio ccxiii, and in Pennant's Tour in Scotland, 1772,! He hield him close and still; pp. 11, 15.
And he wlristled thrice for his little foot-page,
His name was English Will.
THE EVE OF SAINT JOHN.
« Come thou hither, my little foot-page;
Come hither to my knee;
Though thou art young, and tender of age, SMAYLHO'ME, or Smallholm Tower, the scene of the fol- I think thou art true to me. lowing ballad, is situated on the northern boundary of Roxburghshire, among a cluster of wild rocks, called 1 « Come, tell me all that thou hast seen, Sandiknow Crags, the property of Hugh Scott, Esq. of And look thou tell me true! Harden. The toweris a high square building, surround-Since I from Smaylho'me tower have been, ed by an outer wall, now ruinous. The circuit of the What did thy lady do ?” outer court, being defended, on three siles, by a precipice and morass, is accessible only from the west by « My lady, each night, sought the lonely light, a steep and rocky path. The apartments, as is usual in l That burns on the wild Watchfold; a Border keep, or fortress, are placed one above another, For, from height to height, the beacons briglar and communicate by a narrow stair : on the roof are of the English foemen told. two bartizans, or platforms, for defence or pleasure. The inner door of the tower is wood, the outer an iron
on « The bittern clamour'd from the moss, grale; the distance between them being nine feet, the..
The wind blew loud and shrill; thickness, namely, of the wall. From the elevated si-Yet the craggy pathway she did cross, tuation of Smaylho'me Tower, it is seen many miles in To the eiry beacon hill. every direction. Among the crags, by which it is surrounded, onc, more eminent, is called The Watchfold: 1 The plate-juck is coat-armour; the vakal-brace, or was and is said to have been the station of a beacon, in the
armoor for the body; the sperthe, a baule-are.
Soe an account of the battle of Ancram Mour, subjained times of war with Eagland. Without the tower-court ballad.
me I watch'd her steps, and silent came
* At the lone midnight hour, when bad spirits have Where she sat her on a stone;
power, No watchman stood by the dreary flame;
In thy chamber will I be.' It burned all alone.
With that he was gone, and my'lady left alone,
And no more did I see.»
Then changed. I trow, was that bold baron's brow, And, by Mary's might: an armed knight
From the dark to the blood-red high; Stood by the lonely flame.
« Now, tell me the mien of the knight thou hast seen,
For, by Mary, he shall die!»
« His arms shone full briglit in the beacon's red light, But the raio fell fast, and loud blew the blast,
His plume it was scarlet and blue; And I heard not what they were.
On his shield was a hound, in a silver leash bound,
And his crest was a branch of the yew.» * The third night there the sky was fair,
« Thou liest, thou liest, thou little foot-page, And the mountain blast was still,
Loud dost thou lie to me! As again I watch'd the secret pair,
For that knight is cold, and low laid in the mould, On the lonesome beacon hill.
All under the Eildon-tree.» <And I heard her pame the midnight hour,
« Yet hear but my word, my noble lord, And name this holy eve;
For I heard her name his name ; And say, Come this night to thy lady's bower;
And that lady bright, she calld the knight, "Ask no bold baron's leave.
Sir Richard of Coldinghame.» He lifts bis spear with the bold Buccleuch ;
The bold baron's brow then changed, I trow, • His lady' is all alone;
From high blood-red to pale*The door she'll undo tu her knight so true,
« The grave is deep and dark-and the corpse is stiff On the eve of good Sc John.'
and stark"I cannot come; I must not come;
So I may not trust thy tale. I dare not coine to thee;
« Where fair Tweed flows round holy Melrose, *On the eve of Saint Jolin I inust wander alone
And Eildon slopes to the plain, 'In thy bower I may not be.'
Full ibree nigbits ago, by some secret foe,
That gay gallant was slain. Xow, out on thee, faint-hearted knight! • Thou slıouldst not say me nayi
« The varying light deceived thy sight, For the eve is sweet, and when lovers meet,
And the wild winds drown'd the name; Is worth the whole summer's day.
For the Dryburgh bells ring, and the white monks do
sing, - And I'll chain the blood-hound, and the warder shall For Sir Richard of Coldinghame!»
not sound, And rushes shall be strewd on the stair,
He pass'd the court-gate, and he open'd the tower * So, by the black rood-stone,' aud by boly St Jolin,
grate, - • I eonjure, thee, my love, to be there!
And he mounted the narrow stair,
To the bartizan-seat, where, with maids that on her Though the blood-hound be mute, and the rush be
wait, neath my foot,
He found his lady fair. And the warder bis bugle should not blow, - Yet there sleeperb a priest in the chamber to the That lady sat in mournful mood; east,
Look'd over bill and dale; • And my footstep be would know.'
Over Tweed's fair tlood, and Mertoup'sa wood,
And all down Teviotdale. "O fear not the priest, who slecpesh to the east ! • For to Dryburgha the way he bas ta'en ;
« Now hail, pow hail, tbou lady bright!» ** And there to say mass, till three days do pass,
«Now hail, thou baron true! • For the soul of a knight that is slayne.'
What news, what news, from Aucram fight?
What news from the bold Buccleuch ?n - He turn'd him round, and grimly he frown'd; Then he laugh'd right scornfully
1 « The Ancram Moot is red with gore - He who says thic mass-rite for the soul of that knight! For many a southern fell; * May as well say mass for me.
And Buccleuch has charged us, evermore,
To watch our beacons well.» Tbe black rood of Melrose was a crucifix of black marble, and i superior sectity."
1 Eildon is a high hill, terminating in three conical summits, in> Drybargb Abbey is beautifully situated on the banks of tive mediately above ibe town of Melrose, where are ibe admired ruins Tsted. After its dissolution, it became the property of the lali- of a magnific at monastery. Eildon-tree is said to be the spot beroes of Newmains, and is now the seat of the right honourable where Thomas the Rhymer uttered bis prophecies. the Earl of Buchan. It belonged to the order of Premonstratenses. Mertoun is the beautiful seat of lugh Scott, Esq. of Harden.
In sleep the lady mourn'd, and the baron toss'd and
turn'd, And oft to himself he said « The worms around him creep, and his bloody grave
is deepIt cannot give up the dead.»
It was ncar the ringing of matin-bell,
The night was well nigh done,
On the eve of good St John.
By the light of a dying tlame; And she was aware of a knight stood there
Sir Richard of Coldinghame!
BATTLE OF ANCRAM MOOR. Lord Evers, and Sir Brian Latoua, during the year 1544, committed the most dreadful ravages upon the Scottish frontiers, compelling most of the inbabitrols and especially the men of Liddesdale, to take assarar under the King of England. Upon the i th November, in that year, the sum total of their depredations stood thus, in the bloody ledger of Lord Evers.
Towns, towers, barnekynes, paryshe
churches, bastill houses, burbed
and destroyed . . . . . . .
. . 856
Murdin's State Papers, vol. I, p. 51. The King of England had promised to these two berons a feudal grant of the country, which they had ibas reduced to a desert; upon hearing which, Archibald! | Douglas, the seventh carl of Angus, is said to have sworn to write the deed of investiture upon their sist, with sharp pens and bloody ink, in resentment frame their having defaced the tombs of his ancestors, al Meri rose. - Godscroft. In 1545, Lord Evers and Lateur ] again entered Scotland with an army, consisting of 3000 mercenaries, 1500 Euglish Borderers, and 700 sured Scottislimeo, chiefly Armstrongs, Turnbulls, sed! other broken clans. To this second incursion, the Em! lish generals even cxceeded their former cruelty. Even burned the tower of Broomhouse with its lady (a pobede and aged woman, says Lesley), and her whole family. I The English penetrated as far as Melrose, which they had destroyed last year, and which they now agaia pi'laged As they returned towards Jedburgh, they were followed by Angus, at the head of 1000 horse, who was shortly after joined by the famous Norman Lesley, with a body of Fife-men. The English, being probably ut willing to cross the Teviot wbile the Scots hung upan their rear, halted upon Ancram Moor, above the village of that name; and the Scottish general was deliberater whether to advance or retire, when Sir Walter Scott
« At our trysting-place,' for a certain space,
I must wauder to and fro; But I had not had power to come to thy bower,
Hadst thou not conjured me so.»
Love master'd frar-her brow she crossd;
«How, Richard, last thou sped? And art thou saved, or art thou lost?»—
The Vision shook his bead !
« Who spilleth life shall forfeit life ;
So bid thy lord believe:
This awful sign receive.»
He laid his left palm on an oaken beam;
Bis right upon her hind:
For ii scorch'd like a fiery brand.
The sable score of fingers four,
Remains on that boird impressid ; "And for evermore that lady wore
A covering on her wrist.
There is a nun in Dryburgh bower,
Ne'er looks upon the sun: There is a mook in Melrose tower,
He speaketh word to none.
'The editor has found no instance upon record of this fas having taken assurance with England. Hence they a ll seemed dreadfully from the English forays. In August, 2544 (the year pre ceding the battle), the whole lands belonging to Beccleach, is a Teviotdale, were harried hy Evers ; tbe but-works, or baratze, the tower of Braosbolm, barned; eight Scots daia, thirty made prisoners, and an immense prey of horses, cattle, and sberp, aarti off. Tbe lands upon Kale Water, belonging to the same dit were also plundered, and much spoil obtained, thirty Scots dans and tbe Moss Tower (a fortress near Eckford) maled wery Thus Buccleuch bad a long accoant to settle at Ancran More.NURDIS'S State Papers, pp. 45, 46.
"Trguing-place-Place of rendezvous.
of Buccleuch came up, at full speed, with a small but Fair maiden Lylliard lies under this stane, flosen body of his retainers, the rest of whom were Little was her stature, but great was her fame; hear at hand. By the advice of this experienced war
V pon the English louns she laid mony thumps,
And w ben her 1 gs were cutted off, sbe fought upon her stumps. fjor (to whose conduct Pitscottie and Buchanan ascribe
Vide Account of the Parish of Melrose. the success of the engagement), Angus withdrew from the height which he occupied, and drew up his forces
It appears, from a passage in Stowe, that an ancestor behind it, upon a piece of low flat ground, called Pa- of Lord Evers held also a grant of Scottish lands from hier-leugh, or Peoiel-heugh. The spare horses, being an English monarch. «I have seen,» says the histoene to an eminence in their rear, appeared to the Eng
to the Eog rian, « under the broad seale of the said king Edward ish to be the main body of the Scots, in the act of 1., a manor called Ketnes, in the countie of Ferfare, in light. Under this persuasion, Evers and Latouo hur
Scotland, and neere the furthest part of the same naied precipitately forward, and, having ascended the
tion northward, given to Jobu Eure and his heirs, anhill, which their foes had abandoned, were no less dis
cestor to the Lord Eure that now is, and for his service Dayed than astonished, to find the phalanx of Scottish
done in these partes, with market, etc. dated at Lanerpearmen drawn up, in firm array, upon the flat ground
cost, the 2011 day of October, anno regis, 34.»— below. The Scots in their turn became the assailants.
Stowe's Annals, p. 210. This grant, like that of I beron, roused from the marshes by the tumult, soar.
| Heory, must have been dangerous to the receiver. davay betwixt the encountering armies : « (!» ex
Stanza xlviii. laimeå Angus, « that I had here my while goss hawk,
There is a nun in Dryburgh bower. hat we might all yoke at once!» - Godscroft. The The circumstance of the nun, « who never saw the Inglisli, breathless and fatigued, having the selling sun day,» is not entirely imaginary. About fifty years ago, ind wind full in their faces, were unable to withstand an unfortunate female wanderer took up her residence be resolute and desperate charge of the Scottislı lances. in a dark vault, among the ruins of Dryburgla-Abbey, lo sooner had they begun to waver, than their own al- wbich, during the day, she never quilted. When night ies, the assured Borderers, who had been waiting the fell, she issued from this miserable habitation, and seat, threw aside their red crosses, and, joining their went to the house of Mr Haliburton, of Newmaios, the cuptrymen, made a most merciless slaughter among editor's great-grandfather, or to that of Mr Erskine, of he English fugitives, the pursurrs calling upon each shielfield, two gentlemen of the neighbourhood. From Wher to a remember Broomliouse :»- Lesley, p. 478 their charity she obtained such necessaries as she could in the balle fell Lord Evers, and his son, together with
be prevailed upon to accept. At twelve, each night, lr Brian Latoun, and Soo Englishmen, many of whom she lighted her candle, and returred to her vault; aswere persons of rank. A thousind prisoners were
suring her friendly neighbours that, during her abaken. Among these was a patriotic alderman of Lon
sence, her habitation was arranged by a spirit, to whom lon, Read by name, who, having contumaciously re- slie gave the uncouth name of Fatlips; describing him used to pay his portion of a benevolence, demanded | as a little man, wearing heavy iron shoes, with whicha rom the city by Henry VIII., was sent by royal autho
he trampled the clay floor of the vault, to dispel the ity to serve against the Scots. These, at seluling bis damps.. This circumstance caused her to be regarıled, apsom, be found still more exorbitant in their exac- | by the well-informed, with compassion, as deranged in ions than the monarclı.—REDPATH's Border History,
ber understanding; and by the vulgar, with some de1,553. Evers was much regretted by King Henry,
grec of terror. The cause of her adopting this extrasho swore to avenge his death upon Angus; against
ordinary mode of life she would never explain. It was, thom le conceived liimself to have particular grounds
however, believed to have been occasioned by a vow, i resentment, on account of favours received by the
that, during the absence of a man, to whom she was ari at his hands. The answer of Angus was worthy
attached, she would never look upon the sun. Her f a Douglas. «Is our brother-in-law offended,»' said
lover never returned. He fell during the civil war of le, « that I, as a good Scotsman, have avenged my ra
1745-6, and she never more would behold the light of aged country, and the defaced tombs of my ancestors,
day. pon Ralph Evers? They were better men than be,
The vault, or rather dungeon, in which this unfortu: nd I was bound to do no less—and will lie take my
nale woman lived and died, passes still by the name of fe for that? Little knows King Henry the skirts of
the supernatural being, with which its gloom was tetirpetable :: I can keep myself there against all his
eep myself there against all his nanted by her disturbed imagination, and few of the nglish liost.»— Godscroft.
neighbouring peasants dare enter it by night.
Such was the noted battle of Ancram Moor. The pot on which it was fought is called Lyliard's Edge, rom an Amazonian Scottish woman of that name, vho is reported, by tradition, to have distinguished berelf in the same manner as Squire Witherington. The Id people point out her monument, now broken and efaced. The inscription is said to have been legible rithin this century, and to have run thus :
ADDRESSED TO THE
Angus had married the widow of James IV., sister to king leary VIII. • Kirnetable, now called Cairntable, is a mountainous tract at the Fad of Douglasdale,
Tae ruins of Cadyow, or Cadzow Castle, the ancien baronial residence of the family of Hamilton, are situ ated upon the precipitous banks of the river Evan about two miles above its junction with the Clyde. was dismantled in the conclusion of the civil war