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as defending the frontier against the English, sometimes
The king did wash into a dish, as disturbing the peace of their own country. Diccon
And Galloway John be wot;
He said, Thy name now after this Draw-the-sword was son to the ancient warrior, called
Shall ever be callid John Scot. in tradition the Cock of Hunthill.
The forest and the deer tburcin,
We commit to thy hand,
For thou shalt sure the ranger be.
If thou obey command:
And for the back thou stoutly brought been considered, upon the Border, as a gesture of con
To us up that stoep heugl,
Thy designation ever sball tempt, though so used, by Shakspeare, but as a pledge
Bu John Scor in Buckscleuch.. of mortal revenge. Je is yet remembered, that a young gentleman of Teviotdale, on the morning after a hard
In Scotland no Buckcleuch was then, drinking-bout, observed, that he had bitten his glove.
Before the back in the cleuch was slaio ; He instantly demanded of his companions, with whom
Night's men at first they did appear, he had quarrelled ? and learning that he had had words
Because moon and stars to their arms they boar.
Their crest, supporters, and buuting-hora, with one of the party, insisted on instant satisfaction,
Shews their beginning from bunting come ; asserting that though he remembered nothing of the
Their name, and stile, the book doth say, dispute, yet he was sure he never would have bit his
Jobu caind them both into one day.
Watt's Bellenden. glove unless he had received some unpardonable insult: He fell in the duel, which was fought near Selkirk, in The Buecleuch arms have been altered, and - nov 1721.
allude less pointedly to this hunting, whether real or Note 9. Stanza viii.
fabulous. The family now bear Or upon a bend azure, - Arthur Fire-thu-Bracs.
a mullet betwixt twoʻcrescents of the field; in addition The person bearing this redoubtable nom de
to which they formerly borc in the field a hunting-horn.
The supporters, now two ladies, were formerly a hound gierre, was an Elliot, and resided at Thorleshope, in
and buck, or, according to the old terms, a hart of Leash Liddesdale. He occurs in the list of Border riders, in
and a hart of greece. The family of Scott of How1597.
pasley and Thirlestane long retained the bugle-born: Note 10. Stanza viii.'
they also carried' a bent bow and arrow in the sinister Since old Buocleuch the name did gain,
cantle, perhaps as a difference. It is said the motto When in the cleuch the back was ta'on.
was,- Best riding by moonlight, in alluding to the cres A tradition, preserved by Scott of Satchells, who cents on the shield, and perhaps to the habits of those published, in 1688, A true History of the Right Honour-who bore it. The motto now given is Amo, applying to able Name of Scott, gives the following romantie origin the female supporters. of that name, Two brethren, natives of Galloway,
Note u. Stanza x. having been banished from that country for a riot, or
- -old Albert Graeme, insurrection, came to Rankelburn, in Ettrick forest,
The minstrol of that ancient name. where the keeper, whose name was Brydone, received
| Johne Grahame, second son of Malice, Earl of them joyfully, on account of their skill in winding the Monteith, commonly surnamed John with the Bright horn, and in the other mysteries of the chace.-Kenneth
Sword, upon some displeasure risen against him at Mac-Alpin, then king of Scotland, came soon after to
court, retired with many of his clan and kindred, into hunt in the royal forest, and pursued a buck from
the English Borders, in the reign of King Henry the Ettrick-heuch to the glen now called Buckleuch, about
Fourth, wbere they seated themselves; and many of two miles above the junction of Rankelburn with the
their posterity have continued there ever since. My river Ettrick.--Here the stag stood at bay; and the
Sandford, speaking of them, says (which indeed was king and his attendants, who followed on horseback,
applicable to most of the Borderers on both sides, were thrown out by the steepness of the hill and the morass. John, one of the brethren from Galloway, 1 1. Minions of the moon, as Falstaff would have said. The o had followed the chace on foot; and, now coming in,
cation pursued by our ancient Borderors may be jastibed on b.
authority of the most polishad of the ancient nations: For the seized the buck by the horns, and, being a man of great | Grecians in old time, and such barbarians as in the contineat lived strength and activity, threw him on his back, and ran neers into the sea, or ele inhabited the islands, after once they with his burden about a mile up the steen bill. to a began to crosse over one to another in ships, became theeves, place called Cracra-Cross, where Kenneth bad talled,
went abroad under the conduct of their mora puissant mon, both to
enrich themselves, and to fitch in maintenance for the weak; am and laid the buck at the sovereign's feet."
falling upon towns unfortified, or scatteringly inbabited, riid
them, and made this the best means of their living; being a matter The deer being caree'd in that place,
at that time now bere in disgrace, but rather carrying with it
thing of glory. This is manifestal by some that dwell upon the And fetch'd water to his hand.
continent, amongst whom, so it be performed nobly, it is still csleemed as an ornament. The same is also proved by some of use
ancient poets, who introduced men questioning of such as sail bry. "Frolasart relates, that a knight of the housebold of the Comte on all coasts alike, wbother they be theeves or sot, as a thing bet de Foix exhibited a similar fout of strength. The hall fire had tber scorned by such as were asked, nor upbraided by thow that waxed low, and wood was wanted to mend it. The knight wept were desirous to know. They also robbed one another within the down to the court-yard, where stood an ass laden with fargots, main land: and much of Greece useth that old custom, as the seized on the animal and his burden, and car"ying him up to the Locrians, the Acarnanians, and those of the continent in that eart ball on his shoalders, tamblead him into the cbimoey with his heels unto this day. Moreover, the fasbion of wearing iron romains epperigost; a humane pleasantry, much applauded by the court gue with the people of bat continent, from their old trade and all the spectators.
tboeving..- Honts' Thucydides, p. 4. Lond. 1629.
They were all stark moss-troopers, and arrant thieves: hills, had often, started «a white faunch deer,» which Both to England and Scotland outlawed; yet sometimes had always escaped from his hounds; and he asked rennrved at because they gave intelligence forth of the nobles who were assembled around him, whether Scotland, and would raise 400 horse at any time upon any of them had dogs which they thought might be a raid of the English into Scotland. A saying is recorded more successful. No courtier would affirm that his of a mother to her son (which is now become prover-hounds were fleeter than those of the king, until Sir bal), Ride, Rowley, hough 's in the pot; that is, the last William St Clair of Rosline unceremoniously said, he piece of beef was in the pot, and therefore it was high would wager his head that his two favourite dogs, Help time for him to go and fetch more »- Introduction to and Hold, would kill the deer before she should cross tu History of Cumberland.
the March-burn. The king instantly caught at his unThe residence of the Grames being chiefly in the De- wary offer, and betted the forest of Pentland-moor bateable Land, so called because it was claimed by both against the life of Sir William St Clair. All the hounds kingdoms, their depredations extended both to England were tied up, except a few ratches, or slow-hounds, to
and Scotland, with impunity; for as both wardens ac- put up the deer; whilst Sir William St Clair, posting 1 counted them the proper subjects for their own prince, himself in the best situation for slipping his dogs, prayed
neither inclined to demand reparation for their excesses devoutly to Christ, the blessed Virgin, and St Katherine. from the opposite officers, which would have been an The deer was shortly after roused, and the hounds acknowledgment of his jurisdiction over them.-See a slipped ; Sir William following on a gallant steed, to long correspandence on this subject betwixt Lord Dacre, cheer his dogs. The hind, however, reached the middle and the English Privy Council, in Introduction to His of the brook, upon which the hunter threw-himself tory of Cumberland. The Debateable Land was finally from his horse in despair. At this critical moment,
divided betwixt England and Scotland, by commissioners however, Hold stopped her in the brook; and Help, i appointed by both nations.
coming up, turned her back, and killed her on Sir WilNote 12. Stanza xi.
liam's side. The king descended from the hill, em(The sun shinos fair on Carlisle wall.)
braced Sir William, and bestowed on him the lands of
Kirkton, Logan-house, Earncraig, etc. in free forestrie. i This burden is adopted, with some alteration, from
Sir William in acknowledgment of St Katherine's interan old Scottish song, beginning thus:
cession, built the chapel of St katherine in the Hopes, She lean'd her back against a thoro,
the church-yard, of which is still to be seen. The hill, The sun shines fair on Carlisle wa';
from which Robert Bruce beheld this memorable chase, And there sba bas ber youog babe born,
is still called the King's Hill; and the place where Sir And the lyon shall be lord of a'.
William hunted is called the Knight's Field."-MS. HisNote 13. Stanza xiii.
tory of the Fanuly of St Člair, by Ricuard AUGUSTIN Who has not beard of Surroy's fame?
HAY, Canon of St Genevieve. The gallant and unfortunate Henry Howard, Earl of This , adventurous huntsman married Elizabeth, Surrey, was unquestionably the most accomplished ca- daughter of Malice Spar, Earl of Orkney and Strath. valuer of his time; and his sonnets display beauties erne, in whose right their son llenry was, in 1379,
becba would do honour to a more polished age. He created Earl of Orkney, by Haco, king of Norway. His was beheaded on Tower-bill in 1546; a' victim to the title was recognised by the kings of Scotland, and renas jealousy of Henry VIII. who could not bear so mained with his successors until it was annexed to the mikat a character near his throne.
crown, in 1471, by act of parliament. In exchange for The song of the supposed bard is founded on an in this earldom, the castle and domains of Ravenscraig, deaf said to have happened to the earl in his travels, or Ravensheuch, were conferred on William Saintclair, Cornelius Agrippa, the celebrated alchemist, showed Earl of Caithness. lain, in a looking-glass, the lovely Geraldine, to whose
Note 15. Stanza xxi. service he bad devoted bis pen and his sword. The vi
Still nods thair palace to its fall, on represented her as indisposed, and reclined upon a
Thy pride and sorrow, fair Kirkwall. rourk, reading her lover's verses by the light of a waxen The castle of Kirkwall was built by the St Clairs,
while Earls of Orkney. It was dismantled by the Earl Note 14. Stanza xxi.
of Caithness about 1615, having been garrisoned against ---the storm-swept Oreades,
the government by Robert Stewart, natural son to the Where etse Si Clairs held princely sway.
Earl of Orkney.
Its ruins afforded a sad subject for contemplation to The St Clairs are of Norman extraction, being desanded from William de St Clair, second son of Wal- "The tomb of Sir William St Clair, on which he appears sculpderne Comte de St Clair, and Margaret, daughter to tured in armour, with a grey bound at his feet, is still to be seen in
Roslin chapel. The person who shows it always tells the story of Richard Dake of Normandy. He was called, for his
bis hunting-match, with some addition to Mr Hay's account; as, that fuir deportinent, the Seemly St Clair; and, settling in the knight of Roslio's fright made bim poetical, and that, is the Scotland during the reign of Malcolm Ceanmore, ob- last cmergoncy, ho shouted, jard large grants of land in Mid-Lothian. - These do
Help, Hlaad, an' ye may, mains were increased by the liberality of succeeding
Or Roslin will lose his head this day, Bonarchs to the descendants of the family, and com- If this couplet doos him no great bonoar as a poet, the conclusion prehended the baronies of Rosline, Pentland, Cowsland. of the story does him still less credit. He set bis foot on the dog. Cardaipe, and several others. It is said a large addition says the narrator, and killed bim on the spot, saying he should never
again put bis neck in such a risk. As Nr Lay does not mention vas obtained from Robert Bruce, on the following oc
this circumstance, I hope it is only founded on the couchant posture casion : The king, in following the chase upon Pentland of the hound on tho monument.
John, Master of St Clair, who, flying from his native assumed the title of Şækonungr, or Sea-kings. Ships, country, on account of his share in the insurrection in in the inflated language of the Scalds, are often termed 1715, made some stay at Kirk wall.
the serpents of the ocean. «I had occasion to entertain myself at Kirkwall with
Note 19. Stanza xxii. the melancholy prospect of the ruins of an old castle,
or that sea-soake, tremendous curl'd. the seat of the old Earls of Orkney, my ancestors; and
Whose monstrous circle girds the world. of a more melancholy reflection, of so great and noble
The jormungandr, or snake of the ocean, whose an estate as the Orkney and Shetland Isles being taken
folds surround the earth, is one of the wildest fictions from one of them by James the Third for faultre, after his brother Alexander, Duke of Albany, had married a
of the Eada. It was very nearly caught by the god
| Thor, who went to fish for it with a hook baited with a daughter of my family, and for protecting and defend- |
bull's head. In the battle betwixt the evil demons and ing the said Alexander against the king, who wished to
die divinities of Odin, which is to precede the Ragna kill him, as he had done his youngest brother, the Earl | of Mar; and for which, after the forfaltrie, le grate
raokr, or Twilight of the Gods, this snake is to act a fully divorced my forfaulted ancestor's sister; though
conspicuous part, I cannot persuade myself that he had any misalliance
Note 18. Stanza xxii. to plead against a familie in whose veins the blood of
of those dread maids, whose bideous yell Robert Bruce run as fresh as in his own; for their title
Maddens the battle's bloody swell, to the crown was by a daughter of David Bruce, son to These were the Valkyriur, or Selectors of the slain, Robert; and our alliance was by marrying a grand-dispatched by Odin from Valhalla, to chuse those who child of the same Robert Bruce, and daughter to the were to die, and to distribute the contest. They are sister of the same David, out of the familie of Douglas; well known to the English reader, as Gray's Faial which at that time did not much sullie the blood, more Sisters. than my ancestour's having not long before had the
Note 19. Stanza xxii. honour of marrying a daughter of the king of Deo
Ransack'd the graves of warriors ok, mark's, who was named Florentine, and has left in the
Their falchions wrench'd from corpses' hold. town of Kirkwall a noble monument of the grandeur The northern warriors were usually entombed with of the times, the finest church'ever I saw entire in Scot- their arms, and their other treasures. Thus, Angantyr, land. I then had no small-reason to think, in that un- | before commenciog the ducl in which he was slain, stie happy state, on the many not inconsiderable services pulated, that if he fell, his sword Tyrfing should Isee rendered since to the royal familie, for these many years buried with him. His daughter, Hervor, afterwards by-gone, on all oecasions when they stood most in need
took it from his tomb. The dialogue which past be of friends, which they have thought themselves very
mselves very twixt her and Angantyr's spirit on this occasion has beco often obliged to acknowledge by letters yet extant, and
often translated. The whole history may be found in in a stile more like friends than souveraigns; our at the Harvarar-Saga. Indeed the ghosts of the northern tachment to them, without any oiber thanks, having warriors were not wont tamely to suffer their tombs 10 brought upon us considerable losses, and among others,
be plundered ; and herice the mortal heroes had an adthat of our all in Cromwell's time; aad left in that con
ditional temptation to attempt such adyentures; for dition, without the least relief except what we found
they held nothing more worthy of their valour than to in our own virtue. My father was the only man of the encounter supernatural beings. --BARTHOLINE'S De cause Scots nation who had courage enough to protest in conlemptæ a Danis mortis, lib. 1, cap. 2, 9, 10, 13. parliament against King William's title to the throne, which was lost, God knows how ; and this at a time
. Note 20. Stanga xxiii. when the losses in the cause of the royal familie, and
Hosabelle. their usual gratitude, had scarce left him bread to main
This was a family name in the house of St Clair. tain a numerous familie of elevco children, who had Henry St Clair, the second son of the line, married to soon after sprung up on him, in spite of all which, be sabelle, foarth daughter of the Earl of Stratherne. had honourably persisted in his principle. I say, these things considered, and after being treated as I was, and
Note 21. Stanza xxii. in that unluckie state, when objects appear to men in
--Castle Ravensbesch. their true light, as at the hour of death, could I be A large and strong castle, now ruinous, situated beblamed for making some bitter reflections to myself, twixt Kirkaldy and Dysart, on a steep crag, washed by and laughing at the extravagunce and unaccountable the Frith of Forth. It was conferred on Sir Witham humour of men, and the singularity of my own case | St Clair, as a slight compensation for the earldom of (an exile for the cause of the Stuart family), when I Orkney, by a charter of King James III. dated in 14-1, ought to bave known, that the greatest crime I, or my and is now the property of Sir James St Clair Erskine family, could have committed, was persevering, to my (now Earl of Rosslyn), representative of the family. tu owa destruction, in serving the royal family faithfully, I was long a principal residence of the barons of Rosdin. though obstinately, after so great a share of depression, and after they had been pleased to doom me and my
Note 22. Stanza Xxiii. family to starve.»--MS. Memoirs of Jolin, Master of Sc
Seemd all on fire that chapel prond,
Where Roslin's chiefs uncofbind lie:
Each baron, for a sable shroud,
Sheath'd in his iroa papoply.
The beautiful chapel of Roslin is still in tolerable The chiefs of the l'akingr, or Scandinavian pirates, preservation. It was founded in 1446 by William St
Cair, Prince of Orkney, Duke of Oldenbourgh, Earl Mauthe Doog, in the shape of a large black spaniel, of Caithness and Stratherne, Lord Saint Clair, Lord Nid- with curled shaguy hair, was used to haunt Peel-castle; desdale, Lord Admiral of the Scottish seas, Lord Chief and has been frequently seen in every room, but parJustice of Scotland, Lord Warden of the three Marches, ticularly in the guard-chamber, where, as soon as canRaron of Roslin, Pentland, Pentland-moor, etc. Knight dles were liglited, it came and lay down before the fire, of the Cockle and of the Garter (as is affirmed), High in presence of all the soldiers, who, at length, by being Chancellor, Chamberlain, and Lieutenant of Scotland. so much accustomed to the sight of it, lost great part This lofty person, wluose titles, says Godscroft, might of the terror they were seized with at its first appearwearv a Spaniard, built the castle of Roslin, where he ance. They still, however, retained a certain awe, as resided in princely splendour, and founded the chapel, believing it was an evil spirit, which only waited perwhich is in the most rich and florid style of Gothic ar- mission to do them hurt; and, for that reason, forbore chitecture. Among the profuse carving on the pillars swearing, and all prophane discourse, while in its comand buttresses, the rose is frequently introduced, in al- pany. But though they endured the shock of such a lision to the name, with which, however, the flower has guest when altogether in a body, none cared to be left no connexion ; the etymology being Rosslinnhe, the pro alone with it. Jt being the custom, therefore, for one montory of the linn, or water-fall. The chapel is said of the soldiers to lock the gates of the castle at a certo appear on fire previous to the death of any of his tain hour, and carry the keys to the captain, to whose descendants. This superstition, noticed by Slezer in his apartment, as I said before, the way led through the Theatrın Scotice, and alluded to in the text, is probably church, they agreed among themselves, that whoever of Norwegian derivation, and may have been imported was to succeed the ensuing night his fellow in this erby the Earls of Orkney into their Lothian domains, rand, should accompany him that went first, and by The tomb-fires of the north are mentioned in most of this means no man would be exposed singly to the danthe sagas.
ger: for I forgot to mention, that the Mauthe Doog, The Barons of Roslin were buried in a vault near the was always seen to come out from that passage at the chapel floor. The manner of their interment is thus close of day; and return to it again as soon as the described by Father Hay, in the MS. history already morning dawned ; which made them look on this place quoted.
| as its peculiar residence. Sir William Sinclair, the father, was à leud man. « One night, a fellow being drunk, and by the He kept a miller's daughter, with whom, it is alledged, strength of his liquor rendered more daring than ordibe went to Ireland ; yet I think the cause of his retreat narily, laughed at the simplicity of his companions ; was rather occasioned by the presbyterians, who vexed and, though it was not his turn to go with the keys, him sadly, because of his religion being Roman catho-would needs take that office upon him to testify his lic. His son, Sir William, died during the troubles, and courage. All the soldiers endeavoured to dissuade him; vas interred in the chapel of Roslin, the very same day | but the more they said, the more resolute he seemed, that the battle of Dunbar was fought. When my good and swore that he desired nothing more than that the talet was buried, his (i. e. Sir William's) corpse seemed Mauthe Doog would follow him, as it had done the to be entire at the opening of the cave; but when they others; for he would try if it were dog or devil. Arter came to touch his body, it fell into dust. He was laying having talked in a very reprobate manner for some in his armour, with a red velvet cap on his head, on a time, he snatched up the keys, and went out of the but slode; nothing was spoiled except a piece of the guard-room; in some time after his departure, a great white furring," that went round the cap, and answered noise was heard, but nobody had the boldness to see
the binder part of the head. All his predecessors what occasioned it, till, the adventurer returning, they Tere buried after the same manner, in their armour : demanded the knowledge of him; but as loud and wte Rosline, my good-father, was the first that was bu noisy as he had been at leaving them, he was now beried in a coffin, against the sentiments of King James come sober and silent enough; for he was never heard the Seventh, who was then in Scotland, and several to speak more: and though all the time he lived, whichi
Siber persous well versed in antiquity, to whom my was three days, he was entreated by all who came near : bother would not bearken, thinking it beggarly to be him, either to speak, or if he could not do that, to baried after that manner. The great expenses she was make some signs, by which they might understand what
ia burying her husband occasioned the sumptuary had happened to him; yet nothing intelligible could be acts which were made in the following parliament.» got from him, only that, by the distortion of his limbs.
and features, it might be guessed that he died in ago-1 Note 23. Stanza xxvi.
nies more than is common in a natural death. Gruss, CONE!.
* « The Mauthe Doog was, however, never after seen in See the story of Gilpin Horner, pp. 40, 41.
the castle, nor would any one attempt to go through
that passage; for which reason it was closed up, and Note 24. Stanza xxvi.
another way made. This accident happened about For he was speechless, ghastly, wan,
threescore years since: and I heard it attested by seveLike him of wbom the story ran,
ral, but especially by an old soldier, who assured me Who spoke tbe spectro-bound in Man. The ancient castle of Peel-town, in the Isle of Man,
he had seen it oftener than he had then hairs on his 4 surrounded by four churches, now ruinous. Through
head.»-WALDron's Description of the Isle of Man, Ship of these chapels there was formerly a passage
Note 25. Stanza xxvii. from the guard-room of the garrison. This was closed,
And be a solemn sacred plight It is said, upon the following occasion : « They say, that
Did to St Bride of Douglas make. an apparition, called in the Mankish language, the This was a favourite saint of the house of Douglas,
and of the Earl of Angus in particular; as we learn service, and is willing to recompense it; but, by th from the following passage: the queen-regent had pro- might of God (this was his oath when he was serio posed to raise a rival noble to the ducal dignity; « and and in anger; at other times, it was by St Bride discoursing of her purpose with Angus, he answered, Douglas), if he be a Duke, I will be a Drake !-So sh * Why not, Madam ? we are happy that have such a desisted from prosecuting of that purpose.»-God princess, that can know and well acknowledge men's CROFT, vol. II, p. 131.
IN SIX CANTOS
Alas! that Scottish maid should sing
The combat where her lover fell!
The triumph of our foes to tell ! -LEYDEX.
TO THE RIGHT HONOURABLE HENRY, LORD MONTAGUE, ETC.
This Romance is Juscribed,
BY THE AUTHOR.
It is hardly to be expected that an author whom the public has honoured with some degree of applause, should not be again a trespasser on their kindness. Yet the author of MARMION must be supposed to feel some anxiety concerning its success, since he is sensible that he hazards, by this second intrusion, any reputation which his first poem may have procured him. The present story turns upon the private adventures of a fictitious character; but is called a Tale of Flodden Field, because the hero's fate is connected with that memorable defeat, and the causes which led to it. The design of the author was, if possible, to apprise his readers, at the outset, of the date of his story, and to prepare them for the manners of the age in which it is laid. Any historical narrative, far more an attempt at epic composition, exceeds his plan of a romantic tale; yet he may be permitted to hope, from the popularity of TaE LAY OF THE LAST MINstrel, that an attempt to paint the manners of the feudal times, upon a broader scale, and in the course of a more interesting story, will not be unacceptable to the public,
The Poem opens about the commencement of August, and concludes with the defeat of Flodden, gil September, 1513.
Late, gazing down the steepy linn,
No longer autumn's glowing red
My imps, though hardy, bold, and wild,
INTRODUCTION TO CANTO I.
WILLIAM STEWART ROSE, ESQ.
Asbestiel, Eurick Forest. NOVEMBER'S sky is cbill and drear, November's leaf is red and sear: