« 前へ次へ »
-Jviw. Maukt of St Clair, who, flyiug from his native touutt), uu account of his share in the insurrection in i -i >, maid* wiiwr *tsy at Kirkwall.
* I had tutiKJoti (o entertain myself at Kirkwall with the iMt'l unholy prospect of the ruins of an old castle, lh*> nv«l of the old Earls of Orkney, my ancestors; and i»t « uuiic melancholy reflection, of so great and noble AU v»t«le a* the Orkney and Shetland Isles being taken (rum one of them by James the Third for faultre, after In* brother Alexander, Duke of Albany, hail married a >Uuilltlri of my family, and for protecting and defeudio|i ihr wid Alexanderagainst the king, who wished to kill him, ** he had done his youngest brother, the Earl of Mur , und for which, afterthc forfaltrie, he gratefutt} divorced my forfaulted ancestor's sister; though I (4111101 persuade myself that he had any misalliance to pli'iol xfjaiiist a familie in whose veins the blood nf (total I Uruie run as fresh as in his own; for their title to the Itiiwii was by a daughter of David Bruce, sou to Itoltrit , and our alliance was by marrying a grandfluid nf the tame llobcrt Brute, and daughter to the »o>tii of the ymr David, out of the familie of Douglas; with It ni that lime did not much sullie the blood, mon: Iiiin my Mnrehtour's having not long before had the honour of marrying a daughter of the king of DeiiHi.tik«, who was named Florentine, and has left in the I0wn uf Kirkwall a noble monument of the grandeur of lit* limes, the finest chnrclfcyer I saw entire in Scotlaud. I then li.nl no small reason to think, in that unli'ippy Mate, on the many not inconsiderable services rendu red siuce to the royal famihe, for these many years hy'gone, on all orcasious when they stood most in need uf /rieudh, which they have thoiigiit themselves very often obliged to acknowledge by letters yet extant, and in a stile rnooe like friends than souveraigns; our atUi buieut to them, without any oilier thanks, having \ brought upon us considerable losses, and among others, thai of our all in Cromwell s time; and left in that condition, without the least relief except what we found in our own virtue. My father was ihc only mad of the HcoU nation who lud courage enough to protest in parlMineiil against King William's title to the throne, whieh was lost, Cod kuows bow ; and this at a time when the looses in the cause of the royal familie, and their iisii.il gratitude, had scarce left him bread to maintain a numerous familie of eleven children, who had •oon after sprung up on him, in spite of all which, he had honourably persisted in bis principle. I say, these things considered, and after being treated as I was, and iu that uuluckic state, when objects appear to men in their true light, as at the hour of death, could I be blamed fur making some bitter reflections to myself, and laughing at the extravagance and unaccountable humour of men, and the singularity of my own case (nn exile for the cause" of the Sluart family), when I ought to have known, that the greatest crime I, or my family, could have committed, was persevering, to my own destruction, in serving the royal family faithfully, though obstinately, after so great a share of depression, and after they had been pleased to doom me and my family to starve."—MS. Memoirs of John, Master of St Clair.
Note iG. Stanza xxii.
Kinf,i of ilit; main th.ir I<3iil>:r* Wave,
The chiefs of the t'akingr, or Scandinavian piratc\
assumed the title of S&kounngr, or Sea-kings. Sb in the inflated lauguage of the Scalds, are often ten the serpeuta of the ocean.
Note 17. Stanza xxii.
Of ihaiaea-snak'e, tremendoa* curl'd,
The jarmungandr, or snake of the ocean, vl folds surround the earth, is one of the wildest ficti of the Edda. It was very nearly caught by the 1 Tlior, who went to fish for it with a hook baited wii bull's head. In the battle betwixt the evil demon* the divinities of Odin, which is to precede the fitj raokrt or Twilight of the (.oils, this snake is ton conspicuous part.
Note 18. Stanza xxii.
Of ibouj drtttd maldi, *rbo&e bideoot jell
These were the Valkyriur, or Selectors of the 4 dispatched by Odin from Valhalla, to cause tlio* \ were to die, and to distribute the contest. They well known to the English reader, as Grays fi
Note 19. Stanza xxii.
The northern warriors were usually entombed * their arms, and their other treasures. Thus, Anfjanl before commencing the duel in which he was >uiu,: pulaled, that if he fell, his sword Tyrfing »iim»w buried with him. His daughter, Uervor, aftm" took it from his tomb. The dialogue which pi-' I twixt her and Anganiyr's- spirit on this oecavionha*^ often translated. The-whole history maybefoao" the Harvarar-Saga. Indeed the ghosts of the nortln warriors were not wont tamely to suffer their lorn** he plundered,- and hence the mortal heroes liitd 301 dilion.ll temptation to attempt such adventure*; I they'held nothing more worthy of their valour •!«■ encounter supernatural beings.—Bartholin f»^ w* contcmpUe a Dauis mortis, lib. 1, cap. 2,9, t°» '*■
Note 20. Stan/a xxiii.
This* was a family name in the. house of StGj Henry St Clair, the second son of the line, married sabelle, fourth daughter of the Karl of Strathcm*"
Note 31. Stauza xxiii.
A large and strong ca&llc, now ruinous, situated twixt Kirkaldy and Dysart, on a steep crag, '•"Jf the Frith of Forth. It was conferred 00 Sir^lllJ St Clair, as a slight compensation for the earldom Orkney, by a cliarter of King James III. dated in M? and is now the property of Sir James St Cuir ■" (now Earl of Rosslyn), representative of the hm^ was long a principal residence of the bnrons of
Note 12. Stauza xxiii.
Seem d all on fire thai cbapel broad.
*AV r« Roalin a cbirfi oewilno «*''':
Shcalti'd in hii Iron paaoply.
The beautiful ehapel of Koslin is still in wU» preservation. It was founded in i#0 bJ"
Can-, Prioce of Orkney, Duke of Olden bo urgh, Earl
wfdithBrsfa»d Stratherne, Lord Saint Clair, Lord Nid
■5*klt, Lord Admiral of f lie Scottish seas, Lord Chief
i*tiw of Scotland, Lord, Warden of the three Marches,
brta of Aoslio, Pent land, Pent land-moor, etc. Knight
f the Cockle and of the Carter (as is afSrrned), High
. Gujvtjjot, Chamberlain, and Lieutenant of Scotland.
Cm lofty pmon, whose titles, says Codscroft, might
wry i Spaniard, built the castle of Roslin, where lie
ffffibd Id princelv splendour, and founded (he chapel,
j thtfb ii in the most rich and florid style of Cothic ar
1 riuifctiw. Among the profuse carving on the pillars
i ~>kJ Uttrriie*, the rose is frequently introduced, in al
Iiasoa to lb* name, with which, liowever, the flower has D Tuneiion; the etymology being Rosslinnhe, the probatory of the linn, or water-fall. The chapel is said If. ifpar oo fire previous to the death of any of his fecaidanU. This superstition, noticed by Slezcr in hi* Thtttnm Scot'up, and alluded to in the text, is probably &f Norwegian deriration, and may have been imported j by ihe Eirls of Orkney into their Lothian domains. j TV tomb-fir^ of the north are mentioned in most of j rbt ag».
!Tbe fiirooi of Roslin were buried in a raull near the fiipd floor. The manner of their interment is Urns
, bribed by Father Hay, in the MS. history already
■ Sir William Sinclair, the father, was a leud man. B> kept a miller's daughter, with whom, it isalledged,
1 Wish to Ireland; vet I think the cause of his retreat »isntf*r occasioned by the presbyterians, who vexed ^ffl«dh, because of his religion being Roman cathofc Bte«n, Sir William, died during the troubles, and 'J'stirred in the chapel of Roslin, the very same day fef the Utile of Dunbar was fought. When my good k£*T »as buried, his (i. e. Sir William's) corpseseemed B^anire at the opening of the cave; but when they ^v to touch his body, it fell into dust. He was laying t *& armour, with a red velvet cap on his head, on a know; nothing was spoiled except a piece of the *-i' furring,'that went round the cap, and answered Bl &■ binder part of the head. All his predecessors ,fw buried after (be nmo manner, in their armour ^ftf*line, my good-father, was the first that was bu 'ttiflieofnu, against the sentiments of King James
i '* Sneotb, who was then in Scotland, and several
t ^"T persons well versed in antiquity, to whom my Bo"k? would not hearken, thinking it beggarly to be ■^ after that manner. The great expenses she was Uj, burying her husband occasioned the sumptuary *ts wkicb were made in the following parliament.»
Note ?3. Stanta xxvi.
Vtheitory of Gilpin Horner, pp. ,'jo, ^i.
Fortwwai *p^.-rhl«#, ghaitly, wan. -»
Like bin of wrbom the •lory ran,
■> ancient castle of Peel-town, in the Isle of Man, * strroaoded by four churches, now ruinous. Through > of ihese chapels there was formerly a passage
-a ine guard-room of the garrison. This was closed, K * a'd, upon the following occasion: « They say, that *s >P[«ruiou, called in the Mankish language, the
Mnutlie Doog, in the shape of a large black spaniel, with curled shaggy hair, was used to haunt Peel-castle; and has been frequently seen in every room, but particularly in the.guard-chamber, where, as soon as candles were lighted, it came and lay down before the fire, in presence of all (he soldiers, who, at length, by being so much accustomed to the sight of it, lost great part of the terror they were seized with at its first appearance. They still, however, retained a certain awe, as believing it was an evil spirit, which only waited permission to do them hurt; and, for that reason, forbore swearing, and all prophane di*>course, while in its company. But though they endured the shock of such a guest when altogether in a body, none cared to be left alone with it. It being the custom, therefore, for one of the soldiers to lock the gates of the castle at a certain hour, and carry the keys to the captain, to whose apartment, as I said before, the way led through the church, they agreed among themselves, that whoever was to succeed the ensuing night his fellow in this errand, should accompany him that went first, and by this means no man would be exposed singly to the danger: for I fotgot to mention, that the Mauthe Doog, was always seen to come out from that passage at the close of day; and return to it-again as soon as the morning dawned ; which made them look on this place as its peculiar residence.
« One night, a fellow being drunk, and by the strength of his liquor rendered more daring than ordinarily, laughed at the simplicity of his companions; aud, though it was not his turn to go with the keys, would needs take that office upon him to testify his courage. All the soldiers endeavoured to dissuade him; but the more they said, the more resolute he seemed, and swore that he desired nothing more than that (he Mauthe Doog would follow him, as it had done the others; for be would try if it were dog or devil. Arter having talked in a very reprobate manner for some time, lie snatched up the keys, and went out of the guard-room; in some lime after his departure, a great noise was heard, but nobody had the boldness to see what occasioned it, till, the adventurer returning, they demanded the knowledge of him.; but as loud aud noisy as he had been at leaving tjiem, he was now become sober and silent enough; for he was never heard to speak more: aud though all the time he lived, which was three days, he was entreated by all who came near him, either to speak, or if he could not do that, to make some signs, by which they might understand what bad happened to him; yet nothing intelligible could be got from'him, only that, by the distortion of his limbs and features, it might be guessed that he died in agonies more than is common in a natural death.
« The Mauthe Doog was, however, never after seen iu the castle, nor would any one attempt to go through that passage; for which reason it was closed up, and another way made. This accident happened about threescore years since: and I heard it attested by several, but especially by an old soldier, who assured mr he had seen it ofteuer than he had then hairs on his hcad.»—\vai.dro,\'s Description of the Isle of Man, p. 107.
Note 25. Stanza xxvli.
And hr> a Mtlemo jutm'ri i>Iif;ui
This was a favourite saint of the house of Douglas,
TO THE RIGHT HONOURARLE HENRY, LORD MONTAGUE, Etc. Cilia Romance is Jlnsntbru,
BY THE AUTHOR.
It is hardly to be expected that an author whom the public has honoured with some degree of applause, should not be again a trespasser on their kindness. Yet the author of Mabmios must be supposed to feel some anxiety concerning its success, since he is sensible that he hafards, by this second intrusion, any reputation which his first poem may have procured him. The present story turns upon the private adventures of a fictitious character; but is called a Tale of Flodden Field, because the hero's fate is connected with that memorable defeat, and the causes which led toil. The design of the author was, if possible, lo apprise his readers, at the outset, of the date of his story, and ta prepare them for the manners of the age in which it is laid. Any historical narrative, far more an attempt at epic composition, exceeds his plan of a romantic tale; yet he may be permitted to hope, from the popularity of Tax Lit Of Tiib Ust Minst»ei., that an attempt to paint the manners of the feudal times, upon a broader scale, and in the course of a more interesting story, will not be unacceptable to the public. I The Poem opens about the commencement of August, and concludes with the defeat of Flodden, 9lh September, 15i3.
Late, gazing down the steepy linn,
No longer autumn's glowing red
My imps, though hardy, bold, and wild.
TVir summer gambols tell, and mourn,
Yet, prattlers, yes. The daisy's flower
To mute and to material things
Deep graved in every British heart,
5or mourn ye less his perish'd worth, *ho bade the conqueror go forth, And launch'd that thunderbolt of war On Egypt, Hafnia,' Trafalgar; Who, born to guide such high emprize, For Britain's weal was early wise; A'.k' to whom the Almighty gave, For Britain* sins, an early grave; R» worth, who, in liis mightiest hour, A bauble held the pride of power, Spnra'd at the sordid lust of pelf, And served his Albion for herself; *bo, when the frantic crowd amain Straiad at subjection's bursting rein, "tr their wild mood full conquest gaiu'd,. TV pride he would not crush restrain'd, Sbow'd their fierce zeal a worthier cause, And brought the freeman's arm to aid the freeman's laws.
Ihwist thon hut lived, though stripp'd of power, A "atchman on the lonely tower,
Thy thrilling trump had roused the lailJ,
When fraud or danger were at hand;
By thee, as by the beacon-light,
Our pilots had kept course aright;
As some proud column, though alone,
Thy strength had propp'd the tottering throne.
Now is the stately column broke.
The beacon-light is quench*d in smoke,
The trumpet's silver sound is still,
The warder silent oo the hill!
Oh! think, how to his latest day.
Nor yet fnppress lne gcucrous sigh,
Heaven, to reward his firmness gave
With more than mortal powers endow'd,
Jostling by dark intrigue for place;
Rest, ardent spirits! till the cries
Stay yet, illusion, stay a while,
For all the tears e'er sorrow drew,
'And, lingering last, deception dear.
Prompt on unequal tasks to run,
But thou, my friend, canst fitly tell
The mightiest chiefs of British song
Warm'd by such names, well may wc then.